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Feeding Pigs Before Weanin,
Clemson College, March 27. In
previous article the statement wa
made that the best way to feed pig
is to feed the sow heavily. But eve
if the sow is on full feed and givin
a maximum flow of milk it is advii
able to feed the pigs some additioni
concentrates, suggests Prof L. \
Starkey, animal husbandry.
The pig creep is the best devic
for feeding young pigs. A pig cree;
is simply a feeding apartment int
which the young pigs can creep an
eat and not be bothered by shote
and hogs. Such equipment may b
quicklyjand easily constructed.
The following are good rations fo
pigs before weaning and may be fei
in a creep.
(a) Shelled corn and ground oat
. in separate troughs. Feed 3 pound
of skim milk or buttermilk for ead
pound of grain consumed.
(b) Mixture-400 pounds of con
meal, 300 pounds of middlings, 101
pounds of tankage.
The troughs in the pig creep shouli
be cleaned out each day. Any leav
ings should be fed to mature hogs
Some skillful feeders feed just wha
the pigs will clean up each day, an<
this pra?tice is to be commended.
Pig*; taught to eat before they an
weaned do much better immediatel:
after weaning than those which hav(
not been thus trained. Since this i
one of the critical times in the life c.
a hog, it is important to take specia
pains to give good treatment at thi;
Democrats Join in Ratification
Washington, March 24.-In shari
contrast to the partisan tactics o:
the Republicans when for purely po
litical reasons they killed the leagui
* bf nations and "broke the heart oJ
the world," enough Democrats ral
lied to the support of the four powei
treaty, formulated by the Harding
administration, to bring about its rat
ification, 67 to 27.
Twelve Democrats' voted for rati
fication and the one absent Demo
crat, Senattor Jones of New Mexico
' was reported from the floor to be fav
orable to ratification. Senators Dia!
of South Carolina, Fletcher anc
Trammell of Florida, Underwood oi
Alabama, Williams of Mississippi
Broussard and Ransdall of Louisiana
Owen of Oklahoma, McKellaf of Ten
nessee, Pomerene of Ohio, Kendricl
of Wyoming and Myers of Montane
voted "aye" and thus made, ratifica
Division in senatorial delegation:
were recorded in the following states
South Carolina, Alabama. Mississip
pi, and Tennessee.
Senator McKellar of Tennessee wai
the only Democrat supporting ratifi
cation regarding whom there hac
been doubt. Senator Heflin last nigh'
was regarded as doubtful. Today hi
Senator Underwood announcec
himself delighted. "We couldn't ge
the league of nations," said he, "bu
we have secured the principle tha
was involved in the league. I am glac
that the Democratic party did no
proceed against the four power pac
simply for retaliatory reasons. I fee
that we have deprived the Republi
can party of the only issue witl
which they could have confronted th<
people in the congressional elections
Certainly, they have no claim bas?e
on congressional achievement. An<
for the guaranteed peace in the Pa
cific we can divide claims'with them.'
Senator Dial of South Carolina
who supported ratification ,said, "I
it had been personal or political,
would have taken great pleasure ii
giving the Republicans a dose of thei
own medicine. But the Republican
in defeating the league of nation
came near bankrupting the world
There was ho reason why we shoul
have further distressed the world b;
following in their unwise footsteps,
felt that I owed more to my con
stituents. The four power pact is no
what the league of nations woul
have been; but certainly it is a ste
in the right direction."
The Georgia senators, Harris an
Watson, stood shoulder to shoulde
against ratification. It was one o
the few times the two have agree
on an issue of international impoii
Urges More Women to Run.
Washington.-A much larger nun
ber of women should try for seats i
congress in the coming elections, Mis
Alice Robertson of Oklahoma, th
only woman member of the nation?
legislative body said last week.
Women, she said, either shoul
"drop bridge, take off their kid glove
and help put affairs right, or foreve
hold their peace." ,
"This year is the test of the w<
men," she said in an interview. "]
they don't put up a little action i
national politics this year, their cha
ter won't hold out much longer.
"They've got equal suffrage an
now let them use it and run for o:
gr fice. Let them stage this clean-up
they talked about fojjjyears'.hy get
a ting into the game,
is "There's4 Carrie Chapman Catt and
;s Maude Wood, Park and Mary Garret^
n Hay and Harriett Taylor Upton, all
g of them very active in womens' poli
5- tics. Why don't they run for som*
d ofiice? Then, there's Mrs. Gifford
"She'd make an excellent congress
e woman. And there is Mrs. Florence
p Kelly, president ol the National Con
0 sumer's League,.
d "Mrs. Horace Towner, out in iowa,
s long has been advocating certain re
e forms. She'd make a strong candi
date for congress. I believe she could
r defeat her husband, Congressman
* Towner, if she would try."
"You mean you'd have Mrs. Town
s er run against her husband?" Miss
s Robertson,was asked. s
11 "Certainly, why not? This is no
1 Miss Alice defied those who are at
1 tempting to defeat her for re-elec
* "I come from fighting stock and
" will scrap hard," she said.
t Franklin's Love for Books.
Benjamin Franklin had an overpow
ering desire-a desire which gripped
e him to the end of his life, and to
^ which he gave himself over without
" stint. That was a desire for buoks. He
read omnivorously, if you know what
that means-and if you don't, look it
up in the dictionary. ' He stole time
5 from his work and play, and leisure,
and persuaded his fellow apprentices
to filch books for him from their mas
* ter's shops.
^ His first literary adventure was in
to Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress,"
and it was followed by every other
book he could lay hold of. Of course
his field was limited. In those ancient
" days little was published in Boston
other than sermons, essays, ' political
' pamphlets and learned treatises. But
Franklin didn't care whether they
were interesting or not. What he was
concerned with was matter for read
ing.1 He wanted to leam the language.
' He desired to write it and speak, it
j more effectively thaa any man of his
I time, and he certainly attained a
. rank-with the finest of them.-De
' A Catch Crop increases the
t At one of the eastern experiment'
stations, a tract of land on which corn
was grown continuously without the
. addition of vegetable matter, but fer
tilized with commercial fertilizer, the
. average yield of corn for a series of
years was thirty-seven bushels an
5 acre. 6n a similar tract where rye
. was sown in the standing com each
1 summer and turned under green the
t next"spring, the yield was forty-four
bushels an acre. On a third piece of
land/treated exactly like the other
two except that legumes, instead of
rye, were used as a cover and green
manure crop, the" yield was fifty-one
bushels an acre for the series of
years through which the experiment
has run. Thus, xthere was a gain of
seven bushels of corn to the acre
where organic matter from rye was
added, and fourteen bushels when or
ganic , matter was supplied by le
The superiority of legumes, over
rye is explained by the fact that they
produce a greater quantity of organ
ic matter, gather nitrogen fromHhe
air and improve the mechanical con
dition of the land on which they
grow.-Kansas City Star.
More War Material Ready for
Distribution in States.
Five million board feet of lumber
and $220,000 w orth of other surplus
?\Var material, consisting of steam and
gas engines and machine-shop equip
ment, all unused, recently was made,
available to State highway depart
ments for road construction. The ma
terial is to be distributed by the Bu
reau of Public Roads, United States
Department of Agriculture, as were
large quantities -which were helpful
to many states in road building last
season. Most of the lumber was in
tended by the army for the construc
tion of a pier at Charleston, S. C.,
and is suitable for highway bridges.
The machinery and equipment are
stored as ordnance supplies at the
Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, Del. This
material is particularly in demand
and an allotment has been requested
by each of the 48 states:
Any one wishing a copy of the Life
of D. A. Tompkins can procure same
at the store of W. E. Lynch & Co.,
Edgefield, S. C., price $1.25. This
book ought to be read by every young
man in the county.
invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
The Old Standard general strengthening tonie,
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC.d rives oui
Malaria.enriches the blood, builds up the svstcm.
A true Tonic For adult? and children! 60o
START EGGPLANT IN
WARM, SUNNY PLACE
Rich Soil and Good Cultivation h
Occasional Applications of Very Weak
. Liquid Manure ls Beneficial
Little Flea Beetle is Most
Eggplant, so called because the
great fruits are about the size and
shape of an ostrich egg, is closely re
lated to the tomato and pepper and
requires very much the same treat
ment as do peppers, say garden spe
cialists of the United States. Depart
ment of Agriculture. The eggplant ls
very easily injured by cold and the
plants must be started indoors
throughout the greater part of the
country. Start the seed in the house
by sowing in a small box filled with
good soil. The small plants should
.Eggplant Is Prolific Yielder.
be transplanted to pots Or to a shal
low box or tray filled with soil and
kept in a warm, sunny place until the
werther is quite warm. Eggplant.re
quires a rich soil and good cultivation.
Occasional applications of very weak
liquid manure also benefit the plants
Eggplant is attacked by several
kinds of insects, the most trouble
some of these being the l'ttle ilea
beetle which works upon the leaves,
filling them full of small round holes.
As a remedy, dust. the plants thor
oughly with air-slaked lime or very
fine tobacco dust. By removing the
fruits of the eggplant as soon as they
attain good size the plants can be
kept fruiting until killed by ' frost.
Black beauty and Improved large pur
ple are among the leading varieties.
OX-WARBLE IS COSTLY PEST
Loss Caused by Decrease irr M?k Flow,
Destruction of Hides and Meat
\ . Wastage.
"The little ox-warble means an ac
tual cash loss of $50,000,000 to the
United States each year," stated ?F. C.
Bishop, of Dallas, Tex., in an address
before the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, at their |
meeting in Toronto, recently.
"The loss comes," he said, "through
a falling off in the milk flow, illness
among the cattle, due to Irritation and
worry, destruction of hides and.wast
age of meat when the beast finally
goes to 'the block."
"When the grubs reach the back of
the animal," said the speaker, "they
make their presence apparent by the
lump -or, swelling their -body causes.
Gradually they make their way out
through\the back of the animal and
drop off, to begin all over again their
life history. The only hope of dealing
with the pest Hes in energetic action
by cattle owners in working out and
destroying the warbles from the backs
Of their stock. The herd should be
gone over systematically every 30
days, the grubs squeezed out and de
stroyed. Of course, even then, there
Is'loss because of the holes left In the
hide; five punctures 'of the pack or
sides by warbles reduce any hide to
No. 2 grade." ,
CLEANING AND GRADING SEED
No Other Single Farm Operation
Which Gives Larger Returns in
There Is no single farm operation
.?6 easily and cheaply done, which
gives larger returns than the thorough
cleaning and grading of all seed sown.
Besides cleaning out the weed seeds,
the light weight seeds are taken out
when the job ls properly done, thus
preventing the reproduction of the
-poorer plants. This practice carried
on year after year permits the In
crease pf the best and kills out the
poorest. Thorough cleaning and
grading of all seeds planted ls the
first step toward a successful crop.
There ls no time like the present to
put the seed In proper shape for plant
HIGH PRICE FOR CORN CROP
Much Depends Upon Kind of Stock lt
ls Given to-Purebreds Make
Despite the low corn prices, there
are many farmers disposing of all
they raised at good priers, while oth
ers ar* getting less '.han market I
price ?. it all depends upon the klna
of stock that eats lt. Purebred stock
lu sures the best returns.
Greater Variety and Larger Yield
of Feed ls Obtained and
Easier to Cure. v
CORN USED QUITE GENERALLY
Excellent Mixture for Silage and Is
Being Extensively Used on Dairy
Farms-Sorghums and Kafirs
(Prepared by the United States Department
Although the cowpea can be satis
factorily grown iflone, It is more ad
vantageously grown for hay in com
bination with other crops. When grown
In this manner, not only ls a greater
variety and larger yield of feed ob-,
fained, but the mixed hay ls much
more easily cured and handled. Corn
is used quite generally with cowpeas,
but only to a; slight extent for hay.
The crop most widely used with cow
peas for hay is sorghum, both sweet
sorghums and kafirs, although other
crops, such ns sudan grass, Johnson
grass, soy beans and millet, are used.
Cowpeas and Corn.
The cowpea ls an excellent crop to
gro\v with corn for silage, and it ls
being used extensively for this pur
pose on many dairy farms, especially
In the northern part, of the cowpea
If grown with corn for other. than
silage purposes, cowpeas "are allowed
to ripen a. fair percentage of pods,
which are gathered for seed and the
remainder pastured. This method not
only gives a crop of corn but also
sufficient cowpea seed for sowing the
next season, and the residue makes
either a hay crop or a fair amount of
grazing for stock. In many, parts of
the South, especially in the sugar
cane districts-of Louisiana, cowpeas
Instead of being pastured are harvest
ed for hay after the corn has been
Cowpeas and Sorghum.
Cowpeas grown in combination with
sorghum make an excellent hay or
silage crop. As a hay crop this mix
ture Is more easily cured than cow
peas alone, constitutes a well-balanced
ration, and is relished by all kinds of
farm stock. Both the sweet sorghums
p.nd the kafirs are used.. The Amber
sorghum is most generally favored.
When grown In rows, the Sumac and
orange varieties of sorghum are fully
as good as the amber since they grow
larger and stronger plants. The whip
Cowpeas Growing With Sorghum.
poorwill, Iron, unknown and clay va
rieties of cowpea require about the
same time to mature as the sorghums
and therefor!1 should be used in place
of the earlier sorts. Harvesting with
a mowing machine Is most satisfac
When sown "broadcast" for hay, the
sowing is best done with a grain drill
on well-prepared land, the two kinds
of seed being well mixed and sown at
the same time. Usually the best rate
to sow is about one bushel of cow
peas and half a bushel of sorghum
seed to the acre. Where the grain drill
is not available for sowing, the cow
pea seed should be disked or harrowed
In, and the sorghum should then be
sowu while the land is rough, the
seed being covered with a drag har
row or weeder.
Excellent results are obtained by
sowing cowpeas and sorghums togeth
er in cultivated rows 2% to 3 feet
apart. This method requires about
45 pounds of cowpeas and about one
third of a bushel of sorghum seed to
MILK SAMPLES FOR TESTING
Only Fair Way Would Be to Make
Average of Two to Four Mllkings
-Cows Will Vary.
A fair sample of milk for a test
should be an average of two or four
mllkings. Cows do not always give
milk of the same test. Lots of cows
test lower In the morning milking
than at hl;;ht. The only f.-iir wav ts rn
make rfverojre and n snmpl? of me?*
I han one milking ls necessary to g**
this average test
We Can Give You Prompt Service fl
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Immediate Delivery. ,..
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Os
I t . _
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, liling, Grates
Trim Hardware A ?
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. I Telephone 1697
Large Stock of
I Jewelry to Select From
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
0 when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
1 DIAMONDS . '
I CUT GLASS
I AND SILVERWARE
? of all kinds that we have ever shown, lt will be a pleasure to show
? you through our stock. Every department is constantly replenished
? with the newest designs.
% ? We call especial attention to our repairing department, which has
S every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as new.
? Work ready for delivery in a short time.
I A. I. REIMKL
? 980 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.
COTTON SEED OIL
W. C. TAYLOR
GREENWOOD, S. C.
Commercial Trust Building Long Distance Phone 880
Local Phone 362
Member of New Orleans Cotton Exchange. >
Member of New York Produce Exchange.
We Furnish a Daily Cotton Letter Free to All Interested.
Pencil No! 174
[WI 17., Tl&^-t M?K?DC/^Ui
For Sale At your Dealer Made tn five grade*
ASK FOR THE YELLOW PENCIL WITH THE RED BAND
EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY, NEW YORK
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted. -
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.
4S THE OWLY
All persons who are indebted ;
the estate of Mrs. Zelpha Thurmon
deceased will make payment to tl
undersigned and all persons who ho
claims against said estate will prese;
them to the undersigned properly a
tested for payment.
3-13-22 J. H. MATH?S.
Biicfitlen's ?rn?ca ?alv
fte Besl Salve In Tbs World.