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Educators Awake to Value of
Music Study in Schools.
By Signora De Fabritiis.
An eyent fraught with tremendous,
significance to the educational life
of the South-took place in Nash
ville, Tenn., where the music Super
visors' National Conference held
their first meeting on Saturday of
last week followed by others on Mon
day, Tuesday and Wednesday of this
At this meeting, quoting from the
Musical Plight, the first to be. held in
the South by this organization of
public school music teachers and edu
cators devoted to training teachers
' for this kind of work, a united effort
is being made to make the city's part
in it-something to be remembered,
and likewise establish a precedent
making possible the holding of future
conventions in the South.
The potential possibilities of the
South, as an agricultural and indus
trial section, are too well recognized
iy far seeing men to need dwelling
npon, and it is the South, with its
thousands of acres still to be culti
vated and its marvelous climate that
. will attract in greater and greater
numbers-people who have "land
hunger" and a passion for watching
things spring out of Mother Earth.
But of what use are agricultural
and industrial opportunities to a man
when educational facilities for his
? children are lacking? When I say ed
ucational I mean more than the t?ree
"R's," I, mean the opportunity of hav
ing contact with cultural influences
and. of this cultural branch-the
study of music is a vital and integral
To quote further from the special
correspondent to the Musical Digest:
"A Large Issue at Stake."
It is no secret that one of the is
sues held to be at stake is the need
for causing a changed attitude to
ward music teaching in public schools
which held by southern educators
Despite the demonstrated usefulness
of music teaching as a factor in the
child's mental and moral develop
ment, school superintendents in near
ly all the southern states have ye t'to
be convinced of this fact. And this
attitude is said to be too largely shar
ed by many members of Southern
boards of, educaron."
The South, that for generations be
for the Civil Wi.r, was the seat of
learning and culture, suifered a ter
rific set back ar the direct result of
that war. Culture, the flower of civ
ilization, is too fragile to resist the
economic unheavals that follow iii the
grim wake of war and once destroyed
it takes years of patient cultivation
and intense desire on the part of the
people to bring it back again.
Europe is facing the loss of ar
tistic prestige held in the past be
cause of the result of the World War,
and grave doubts are expressed as
to the possibilities of any artistic sur
vival among the races that paid such
a bitter price to stem the tide of bat
tle, for many years to come.
When the youth of a country is de
stroyed, the artistic, as well as eco
nomic and industrial future of that
country is in jeopardy, and who
knows how many painters, writers,
architects, musicians and dramatists
were lost to the world in this past
struggle as well as tillers of the soil
and ushers of industrial occupations?
In this country, and in the south
especially," all things are ripe for a
new Renaissance, a new growth of an
educational and cultural life, that
will make America a leader among
.nations and the Southland the desired
section of the United 'States for peo
pie who have ideals and aims beyond
One cannot expect intelligent use
of speech if the foundation of that
speech has not been laid in childhood.
The foundation of musical speech
should go hand in hand with
rudiments for English. It is as impor
tant for a child to be taught to read
the symbols expressing musical no
tation, as to be taught to spell, .read
and speak words.
We hope that the Conference held
in Nashville will-have a lasting and
farreaching influence on the policy
of the men who have in charge the
education of the youth of the South
Talent knows no boundaries. East,
West, North and South alike abound
with intelligent keen youths eager to
drink deep at the fountain of knowl
edge. It is the supreme duty of those
in charge to give to the children of
the South, equal advantages in all
things educational, with those of ev
ery other section in the United
Eggs for Hatching.
Wyckoff and Tom Barron
strain White Leghorns, "the
best layers." $1.50 per setting
f. o. b. Edgefield, $1.75 by
Mrs. Geo. F. Mims,
Edgefield, S. C.
Automobile a Modern Farm
"Fewer automobiles and more
work," is the remedy often suggested
for the farmers' troubles by some per
son whenever a group of men assem
ble and enter into the discussion of
economic questions. Justi why a far
mer is not entitled to an automobile
the same as a man in the city, if he
wants one and can afford it, is never
explained. If the facts were known,
probably a greater percentage of au
tomobiles on the farm are fully paid
for than in the city, but casting that
feature to one side, just ask yourself
the question: Who needs an automo
bile most, the ' farmer or the man in
The man in the city can ride to his
offi.ce or w\>rk for the small sum of a
nickle or 6 cents, as the case may be.
Neighborhood stores are convenient,
and if not, he can secure delivery of
telephone orders almost any'tiirJe of
day. He has little need for a car, or
at least could 'do very well without
one. But the farmer, living several
miles from town, finds an automobile
an economy. He has no other means
of transportation for himself and
family except the horse, which is not
always available in busy seasons, and
a time killer under any circum
stance. He needs a car. If any man is
justified in making a sacrifice to get
one, it is the man in the country. Be
sides the farmer pays his share to
wards good roads and is entitled to
use them.They were constructed, if
we are to believe the good roads pro
moters, more for the use of the far
mer than for\ the joy riders in the
city. Let every farmer who can afford
it, get an automobile. It will save him
hours of time, bring his neighbors
closer to him, permit him to give his
family more pleasures and increase
the attractiveness of life in the
country. The man who would deny
the farmer an automobile is living in
the past. He needs to modernize his
ideas.-Farm and Randi. *
Feeding the Baby Chicks.
Clemson College, April 3.-"Feed
ing the young stock is perhaps one
of the most important factors in poul
try culture, for if we do not properly
nourish the chicks we can not expect
to develop them into good flesh! nor
can we expect to keep up their health,
vigor and vitality, if we underfeed,
overfeed, feed unbalanced rations or
feed anything but absolutely clean
feed," says N.' R. Mehrof, Extension
Just as soon as the chicks are
moved to the brooder there should be
some firie chick grit and fine oyster
shell on the hover floor. This is used
as their first feed because it puts
their gizzards and digestive systems
in condition to handle the hard, solid
feed'that they will eat from then on.
The chicks should be fed sour skim
milk just as soon as they come in the
brooder. This can be put in littls
vacuum water fountains. Natural
sour milk and buttermilk are good,
and if they are not at hand semi-sol
id buttermilk diluted at the rate of
one part of milk to 6 or 7 parts of
water. The lactic acid in the sour
milk acts as an intestinal disinfectant
cleaning their digestive systems and
getting them in good working order.
It is also very palatable and appe
A very light feeding of rolled oats
should be given at noon of the first
day, (just what they will eat up in
a few minutes) ; and in the afternoon
a feeding of a chick-scratch ration.
.Perhaps it would help to feed on a
shingle or cardboard until they learn
what and where the grain is.
First Week in the Bro?der.
It is important to feed the chicks
often and in small quantities at a
time. Feed the chicken-scratch ra
tions four times a day sparingly to
make them clean up what they are
given each feeding and to make sure
that they are hungry when the next
feeding comes around. Continue to
feed the sour skim milk, but in addi
tion have a supply of clean fresh wa
ter. From the fourth day on, put
wheat bran before the chicks in open
hoppers. Leave it before them a short
time the first day, but as soon as they
have become accustomed to it, leave
it' before them constantly.
When the wheat bran is added re
duce the feeding of chick- scratch to
three times a day. Scatter the grain
in litter so that the chicks will be
compelled to exercise. Keep only
clean litter on the floors. Continue to
feed the milk. Have a supply of fine
grit and oyster shell.
Another important part of baby
chick feeding is the use of green
feeds. These can be supplied in the
form of lettuce leaves, sprouted oat
tops, finely chopped vegetables, j
WA'NTED: Representatives to sell
monuments. Attractive proposition.
Write Charlotte Marble & Granite
Works, Charlotte, N. C. Largest in j
the Carolinas. J
$5,000 WORTH OF AMERICAN
"You people in the United States
do not half appreciate your wonder
ful prohibition law," remarked a vis
itor from a distant country. "You let
the widespread wet publicity about
the violation of the law blind you to
the stupendous benefits accruing from
it even partially enforced as it is. We
from 'drink-cursed countries see the
situation more clearly than do you."
To illustrate the impression the rej
suits of our law make upon foreigners
the visitor told of a man from Ans
tralia who had not been especially in
terested in the temperance'cause un
til he had occasion to make a business
trip to the United St
return to his city, he A
office of a temperanc?
then engaged in a wei
paign, and throwing c
d?sk a check for five
lars, said, "I've been
States and have seen
der prohibtiion. I want
to happen in this co
so here's my contribut
cause in Australia."
If the benefits of pr
United States were s
ble to this Australia]
to impress him' as. bei:
vestment of $5,000 t<
lar policy tfor his ov,
can law is surely wc
ment of money, tim<
citizens of the United
Our opponents are
psychological effect ??
"Prohibition does no
discourage and depr
people of this countr
tion law is operative
part of the Unit?d S
being emptied; savinj
piling up; charity or.
finding their lists ?:
growing shorter; boys
young men and you:
being safeguarded frc
cessible saloon formerly
every street corner. All this is go...
on but it is not sensational news and
therefore does not get into the big
newspapers with prominent headlines.
The flagrant violation of the law, es
pecially in the larger cities, is news
of the kind the press will publish.
The constructive work resulting from
the dry law is being submerged by
GOVERNORS SEND MESSAGES
TO THE WORLD.
In' preparation for an aroundtfhe
world tour in which he was to repre
sent the* Federal Council of Churches
in the interest of international peace
and Christian evangelization, Fred B.
Smith, the noted evangelist,' wrote
letters to the governors of all the
states. He asked them two questions
-fiirst, whether the people of their
respective commonwealth believed in
disarmament and world peace, and
second, whether they themselves re
garded prohibition as a permanent
American policy. All of the forty-six
governors who replied gave an affirm
ative answer to the first question, and
all but one an affirmative answer to
the second answer. The sole- excep
tion on the latter point was Governor
Edwards of New Jersey.
The reply of the governor of
Maine, given herewith, indicates the
tenor of the letters received in ans
wer to the request:
"As you travel about upon your
tour of the world I shall be glad to
have you take this message from the
governor of Maine to your audiences
wherever you are," wrote Hon. Per
cival P. Baxter, chief executive of
the Pine Tree State. "I have always
been a believer in state and national
piohibition," continued the governor,
"and desire to be placed definitely
upon the side of strict, honest and im
partial enforcement of the Eighteenth
"The state of Maine for sixty years
has stood loyally for prohibition. It
has endured the abuse and been
tempted by the gold of the liquor in
terests of the nation; The state, how
ever, has remained unshaken in its
faith, and today stands before the
action of its sister states in adopting
national prohibition. Those within
the state who in the past sought to
betray it, are now discredited and are
heard from no more.
"The men of Maine remain true to
this great" cause and the women give
to it their overwhelming approval. I
believe the day is close at hand when
our whole nation will be as firm in
the faith as is Maine, the pioneer pro
FOR. SALE: Good sound field peas
at $2.25 per bushel.
J. W. QUARLES.
WANTED: Ten Bronze turkey
eggs for setting, state price.
Mrs. H. W. McKIE,
3-29-2tpd. Colliers, S. C..
I CONTROL FACT
Methods Generally Employed WI
Success, and Mistakes Which
Farmers Make. . "
' By C. A. Whittle,
Soil Improvement Committee.
The boll weevil has practically co
ered the cotton belt, but there seen
to be no marked reduction in tl
amount of cotton grown as a resu]
The fact is the boll weevil can ni
and will not overthrow the South
How are farmers meeting tl
v" weevil most successfully? Thei
two main ways: (1) Pushing tl
m to early maturity and (2) Ki
the boll weevil,
e following questions and answei
the main things that are belt
and also the mistakes that ai
JSHING THE COTTON CROP.
ist soils are preferred for hastei
all drained, light soils warm u
er and grow off the cotton quid
ian heavy or poorly drained soil:
y soils are, therefore, better tha
lt advisable to use poor solis
would be a serious mistake. Poe
never did pay, and with the bo
-il taking toll, poor land cotto
only put the farmer into a deepe
nember that it costs more to gro^
i under boll weevil condition:
there must be enough cotto:
ke it worth while to fight wit:
at varieties of cotton are pr?
i? 1 "
r variety which will set an abut
i of bolls early and will continu
t fruit throughout the season, l
ty which is early but which als<
fruiting early ls not desirabl
ise the weevils will do heavie
.ge to the bolls when they do no
squares to puncture. Clevelani
is are most generally preferred
lat methods of cultivation ar
to hasten maturity?
jquent, shallow cultivation unti
rreater part of the crop is set
1? less frequent cultivation. Th<
later cultivation should be the skip
middle method, taking alternate mid
dies and with the next cultivation tak
lng the one's , that were skipped. Thii
keeps half of the roots of the cottoi
plant undisturbed so that there will b<
less shedding, more squaring and bet
ter protection of the cotton bolls.
KILLING THE WEEVIL.
Is the poison method of killing th?
'It is, but lt is a particular met hoc
which many farmers may fall witl
when they first try it, because the:
are net in the habit of doing particu
lar things right the first time.
If thc rules for poisoning are ad
hered to strictly the cotton fannel
will get the most complete and eco
nomic control of the weevil of an>
Any one contemplating the use ol
poison should get complete instruc
Mons from the Government Boll Wee
vii Station, Tallulah, La.,-the State
Entomologist, or agricultural col
Does lt pay to kill the weevils or
the young cotton stalks before |squarcs
begin to form?
If the weevils come out of winter
quarters in large numbers and threat
en to take all the first squares, it
is considered advisable to kill as many
of them as possible. Calcium arsenate
sprinkled from a perforated can or
from a cheese bag on the young plants
is the most efficient and economical
method of killing the weevils on the
young plants. .
It is not necessary to apply the poi
son until just before the squares begin
ls lt practical to gather and destroy
If the poison method is not used it
will often be found necessary to gath
er and destroy damaged squares that
contain immature weevils, in order to
haye assurance of any sort of a crop.
Picking up squares is not as efficient
nor as inexpensive as poisoning, but
if thoroughly done a fair to good crop
can be obtained.
Is poisoned molasses applied to cot
Poisoned molasses or other poisoned
sweets will kill some boll weevils dur
ing dewless nights, but the poisoned
sweets will kill honey bees and other
sweet loving insects that are needed
to carry from flower to flower the
pollen that causes th?m to fruit. Cal
cium arsenate dust is more efficient
and less expensive to use where poi
soned molasses are effective.
Are boll weevil traps practical?
A farmer never tries a trap more
than once. The government has tried
all kinds and recommends none.
Can the say of cotton be poisoned
so as to poison or repel the weevil7
The Creator has given all plants the
power to absorb throuen their roots
plant food and to resist all that is not
plant food. If plants could not resist the
poisons in the soli we might run a
risk of being poisoned every time we
eat a potato, apple, berry, etc.
Can the bol! weevil be driven from
cotton by offensive odors?
The boll weevil has not yet been
successfully combatted through its
breathing organs. It has been sub
jected to the most intense war gases
without results._. _ '_
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The same unmatched blend of ,
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The officers are: Gen. .J. Fraser
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J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
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A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
j. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C. *^
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
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W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C,
J. R. BLAKE, $
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