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How to Make Profits on Hogs
The hog is certainly a promising
means of securing an extra payday
on the cotton farm. But if this pay
day is to be all it should be, we can't
raise hogs as our daddies did.
It is just as necessary to keep costs
low in hog production as in cotton
farming. Therefore let. us consider
some of the fundamental practices in
cheap production of hogs as gathered
from the experience of these farmers
who have succeeded in that work.
The Progressive Farmer's motto
1. Let the pigs do the work. Take
"Hogs that graze-not housed in
pens." The place for hogs is in fields
planted especially for them. We can
not alford to go into the fields and
gather the crops, cure them properly,
haul them in, put them up in the
barn, take them down again and de
liver them at the feed trough. Suc
cessful hog' growers are letting thc
pigs do the work of harvesting the
crop and feeding themselves. As
somebody has said: "Don't wait on
hogs as if they were hotel guests.
Make them wait on themselves."
2. Plant as nearly twelve months
of pasture for your hogs as possible.
Successful hog raisers in our terri
tory find that hogs can be produced
most cheaply by having something
??reen for them to pasture on at ail
times. Oats, rye, wheat and rape are
mei for winter and early spring pas
ture. Alfalfa makes good spring and
summer pasture. Cow peas, sorghum,
soy beans, corn, velvet beans, pea
nuts, sweet potatoes and chufas can
be made to furnish good green for
age as well as mature crops for hog
pasture in season. Work it out for
yourself. You will find you can quite
easily get the needed pasture for the
full twelve months, except when
weather conditions are extreme.
3. Keep a self feeder in the field.
Hogs need green feed but cannot
make best gains on green food alone.
While on green forage, the self
feeder full of corn should be right
in the field with them when they
can get all the corn they need when
they want it. Do not be afraid they
will waste corn. They won't. Thsy
will turn it into the cheapest pork you
can produce. Another self-feeder
with tankage would be helpful dur
ing the season when the pigs are pas
turing on growing wheat, rye or oats,
or when on sorghum alone, or in
fact, any other green feed.
Where cheaper feeds than corn are
available, like soy be-ns^jeaputs^
?=:. pi; ia Loeb;"TT may "liermore eco
nomical to limit the corn to one-quar
ter or one-third of a full ration. If
this is desired then the self-feeder
cannot be used, but the cora must
be hand fed so the quantity can be
4. Protect hogs from lice, worms
and cholera. Stop the lice as soon as
they make their appearance. Immu
nize against cholera.
5. Keep a mineral mixture always
before the hogs. .Charcoal, wood ash
es, salt, air-slaked lime, sulphur and
pulverized copperas should be where
the hogs can get to it at all times.
It helps keep them thrif ty and in
good growing condition.
6. Sell hogs before they get big
enough to eat up all the profit. Hogs
make best gains when young. The
market usually pays best; for hogs
weighing 200 to 250 pounds. Ex
perienced hog growers try to sell
just as soon as the weight reaches
200 pounds. "Never let a pork hog
have a birthday" is a good motto.
7. Join with your neighbors and
sell cooperatively. Get the best mar
ket price. Your county agent will
?ielp you. See him about this matter.
Keep the above points in mind in
working out your plans for hog pro
duction. Work out the details care
fully. Grow into the business grad
ually. Do not plunge. Keep costs to
a minimum by doing those things
which will insuremost rapid and eco
nomical growth of pork. What is best
for the hog is likely to prove best for
the pocket-book or the bank account.
Winthrop College Scholarship
and Entrance Examination.
The examination for the award of
vacant Scholarships in Winthrop
College and for admission of new
students will be held at the County i
Court House on Friday, July 7, at
.9 a. m. Applicants must not be less
than sixteen years of age. When
Scholarships are vacant after July
1 they will be awarded to those mak
ing the highest average at this ex
amination, provided they meet the
conditions governing the awatd. Ap
plicants for Scholarships should write
to President Johnson before the ex
amination for Scholarship examina
tion blanks. .
Scholarships are worth $100 and
free tuition. The next session will
open September 20th 1922. For fur
ther information and catalogue, ad
dress Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill,
RETAIN YOUR HEAD COVERING
Writer Asserts That "Flu" ls Spread
by Practice of Doffing the Hat
Influenza has always been widely
mysterious in Its operations. Long
ago one of our warships was off the
west African coast, says London An
swers, when a dense black mist ad
vanced from the shore and swept over
the vessel. All the men on deck at
the time were stricken down with the
"flu"; and a little later the remainder
of the men and officers were attacked.
The ship was at once ordered home,
and, though many of the cases were
complicated with pneumonia and bron
chitis, none, luckily, proved fatal. The
patients were treated with cinchona
bark and ammonia, which was then a
recognized formula for malarial fe
During the devastating epidemic of
"flu,"' the Turks in Europe escaped be
cause, It Is said, they newer removed
their turbans. The medical faculty of
Vienna ofliclnlly declared that influ
enzn was largely due to the practice
of doffing hats in the streets. In sup
port of this contention, lt was point
ed out that the great majority of the
victims were of the male sex.
' A traveler found influenza to be un
usually severe In Mexico, where, as
he remarked, there Is so much hat
It may be the case, however, that
such a large proportion of males are
attacked because of the constant drain
on their vitality ky the nature of their
daily occupation. The writer was re
cently informed hy a high medical au
thority In London that Influenza epi
demics of late years showed the prin
cipal sufferers to be mule persons who
had reached the most active years of
LEARN- FROM THE ELEPHANT
Be Careful Where You Step and Take
Credit When Due, ls by No
Msans Bad Advice.
A circus man says that an elephant
Is always careful where he steps. He
goes forward one step at a time, and
doesn't lose his hold upon one place
of security until another Is gained.
If many of our business men had
acquired this elephant philosophy and
had followed It they wouldn't be hang
ing over financial precipices now.
If one goes about thinking that the
world Is filled with crooks and schem
ers, the world It filled with crooks and
schemers. On the other hand. If one
believes that the world is filled with
fine neighborly, helpful, kindly folks,
one finds people of that class In the
It Isn't well to have too much hu
mility. The man who gets^Uito the
the good work he does Is quite apt
to be surprised when he discovers that
people accept his denials as the truth.
It Is much better to be like the little
girl In the old story who, when she
was asked, "Who made you?" replied,
"God made me that length." indicating
with her hands the ordinary size of a
new-born babe, "and I growed the
rest myself."-Forbes Magazine.
Shopping in Ecuador.
The common trade balance of Ecua
dor ls a short stick carrying a sus
pended pan at each end and held up
by a cord around the center. The
weight is a rock about the size of a
man'? fist, and, while no two of them
are ever the same size, the merchant
ls always prepared to pledge his honoi
that the stone weighs a full and ex
act pound. The price for a com
modity is almost never fixed, and as
the Ecuadorean Is always prepared
and expects to come down somewhal
from his first price, lt speaks worlds
for his optimism that he invariablj
tries to get more. The bargaining
rii>es not actually begin until ?you have
disregarded the first figure and asked:
"What is the last price?" ("el ultimo
predio?"). In fact, I have been told vol
untarily, when pricing ponchos, thal
the price was 25 sucres, but "I cao
come down a little."
What Cabbages Dislike.
Some time ago, a number of scien
tists, by means of a device Invented
by an Indian savant, were able to
watch a plant growing, and study the
beating of what In vegetable life cor
responds to the heart of an animal.
An average plant grows at the slow
rate of one-millionth part of an Inch
per second, yet this device so magni
fies this that, thrown upon the screen,
the increase Is easily seen. Plant life
does not differ greatly from animal
life. Place the roots In bolling water,
it struggles and dies the same as the
animal. A cabbage dislikes being
bolled as greatly as would your pet
dog. The only difference Is that the
cabbage can not protest, but squirms,
wriggles and writhes.
An Order for One Wife.
An Kngllsh traveler and^ author in
northern Waigeria became interested
In a Home for Freed Slaves. Women
and children were kept in the Insti
tution until they could be otherwise
disposed of, which was generally bj
matrimony, In the case of the womeu
when the author acted as a marriage
broker. He says: "A Maussa soldier
would come to me with a note from
his commander certifying him to be a
man of good character ard able to
support a wife or another wife, as
the case might be.
"I then turned over a corner of the
oote a.:d scribbled: 'To Lady Super
intendent, Freed Slaves Home: lie-use
let bearer have one wife.'"
NEG KG ES IN FLORIDA IN 1528
Two Africans Were Members of
Narvaez' Expedition of That Year,
According to History.
The first record of negro slaves
within the present boundaries of the
United States ls found in an account
of the Spanish expedition of Narvaez
to Florida in 152S, which Included two
negroes. But the negro wr.s not In
Florida to stay until 1505. when a few
landed with Memedez' colonists. It
is believed the Spaniards had negroes
with them In their unfortunate colony
of San Miguel de Gualdape In 1526,
which J. J. Shea locates in the neigh
borhood of Jamestown, Yu. H. H.
Bancroft, in his "Arizona and New
Mexico," makes It clear the negro was
in some of the early exploration and
missionary parties to that territory.
Doubtless tlie negroes continued In
the province until the Spaniards were
driven out In 1S0O. ("Introduction of
Negroes Into the United States," by
C. A. Stakely, in Magazine of Ameri
can History, November. 1S91). The
Treasurer, owned by the earl of "War
wick, and a Dutch vessel brought
slaves to Jamestown In 1010. The
Treasurer is supposed to be the first
slaver fitted out In America. The first
American-built slaver was the ship De
sire, a vessel of 120 tons, built ^t Mar
blehend in 1G3C. ("The American
Slave Trade," by J. It. Spears.)
NOT ALWAYS EASY TO READ
At Certain Times Robert Louis
Stevenson's Manuscript Is Said to
Have Been "Weird."
Robert Louis Stevenson's handwrit
ing was fairly legible when he felt
well, although when he was not well
his scrawl was distinctly weird. In
his article on the genesis of "The
Master of Ballantrae," he speaks of
having been haunted by a story "con
ceived In Highland rain, In fche blend
of the smell of heather and bog plants,
and with a mind full of the Athole
correspondence and the memories of
the dumllcide Justice."
Ingenious surmises have been made
as to the meaning of the last words.
Slr Graham Balfour now explains, ac
cording to the Westminster Gazette,
that after many heads had been
called Into consultation he himself
came to the conclusion that It should
read "Chevalier de Johnstone." The
Interpretation may be correct, for in
one of Stevenson's papers occurs'the
combination "brean." The late James
Murray of the Oxford dictionary asked
Stevenson what it meant. Stevenson
replied that it was a misprint for
When One Is Rich.
-jHraarjaaioira" "are "synonymous "Wim
riches. One is rich who has great pos
sessions. But possessions are many
and varied. A person may have much
money, and be very poor. A person
may have little of the goods of this
world and yet be rich. Possessions
are both material and spiritual. Ma
terial riches of themselves can do lit
tle. No matter how much money a
person has, that money alone cannot
accomplish much. Money cannot buy
love, friendship, mercy. Money can
not give Its owner an amiable tem
perament, literary taste, or moral
worth. Money for Individuals collec
tively can accomplish nothing without
mind and soul put with that money.
Somebody must furnish these spiritual
That Word "Pigeon-English." 1
To the Chinese we owe the com
pound word, "pigeon-English," the
childish dialect In use at Chinese ports
between natives and American and
The Chinese use the word pigeon
or "pidgin" to supply the place of
English nouns unknown to them.
Those ingenious orientals call a con
cert a "sing-song pidgin" and a con
versation a "talkee pidgin."
With the Increasing Intercourse be
tween the Chinese and English speak
ing persons, and with the progress of
education In China, real English is
taking the place of the "pidgin"
variety. But "pigeon-English" still
survives, especially In fiction and on
Crackers of Various Kinds.
There are various curiosities in the
way of foreign crackers, or biscuit,
as they are sometimes called. It may
be remarked, by way of preface, that
biscuit is French for "twice cooked,"
and ls etymologically the same as the
German zwieback. The Italians make
all their crackers in this way, the va
rieties familiar to us not being in com
mon use with them. Italian bakers
save all their old bread and convert lt
Into "biscuit" of this kind. For this
reason the bread largely used In Ion
ian and Sicilian resiaurants ls so made
that pieces may be broken from the
loaf without making a jagged end.
New York Herald.
Our neighbor was a queer old
bachelor, and, not having seen him ont
In his yard, I decided to investigate,
writes a correspondent. Not finding
him In the house, I went out to the
barn, and there In the shadows I saw
a body hanging from the rafters! 1
was so excited I ran for help. In five
minutes the whole town had gathered
there. I led the way Into the barn and
found it to be my neighbor's scare
crow, .stored for the winter. And to
mp.ke matters worse, the old ;:entle
iran -lur.e 'ip Just then and wondered
at all the company. I had to explain,
and the laugh was on me.
MET IN GABBE
Statesmen Have Made History in
Recent Occurrence in th* Grounds ai
Chequers ls an Example-Begin
ning of Fateful War.
It was in the garden at Chequers
that the first intonation was given of
the fateful confevence at Washington
upon which, remarks London Answers,
not improbably, the future of civiliza
. It was Sunday afternoon and the
American ambassador had arrived with
a cablegram in his pocket from the
American President. It was an invita
tion to the British government to send
representatives to Washington to dis
cuss the question of disarmament.
Mr. Harvey, the ambassador, and Mr.
Lloyd George were seated together in
the garden when the former handed
the cablegram to our prime minister.
In a flash the prime minister was on
his feet. "We accept!" he almost
shouted. "Wo accept gladly, we accept
gratefully. We will do everything in
our power to make the conference a
The Temple garden, on the embank
ment, is one of the most historic spots
In London, for it was there that the
Wars of the Roses commenced. 'These
wars were so-called because the ensign
of the house of York was a white rose,
and that of the house of Lancaster a
The story goes that Lords Somer
set and York, with a number of their
retainers, met in the Temple gardens,
and commenced to quarrel about the
weak King Henry VI., for whom the
former was regent.
In the midst of the quarrel Somerset
picked a red rose, and turning to his
friends, said: "Let him who sides with
me pluck a red rose and wear it In his
Then the duke of York savagely tore
a white rose from a neighboring bush,
and cried: "This ls my badge! Let
him who is ray friend pluck a white
rose and wear it !"
This seene ls pictured In one of the
frescoes in the houses of parliament.
It was one of the great turning points
In English history, for the Wars of the
Roses shattered feudalism, destroyed
the power of the barons, and set In
motion the spirit of freedom and
democratic government which ls the
keynote of modern England.
The vast empire of India was vir
tually won for Britain in a garden.
On February 5, 1757, Just outside the
village of Plassy, Surajah Dowlah had
60,000 troops and Clive 3,000.
Clive ca??ed a council of war, which
advised him not to advance. Clive
"Went-lnto' a garden alone, and set
under a grove of trees for an hour in
quiet thought. When he came out he
rejected the council's advice., and sub
dued an empire in a battle vyhlch only
lasted an hour!
Wilberforce first mooted the question
of the abolition of the slave trade to
Pitt In a garden. Wilberforce had Just
read Clarkson's famous essay on aboli
tion, when he was invited to spend a
week-end with Pitt, and wandered with
him Into the beautiful park at Hol
wood, near Bromley.
There he first announced his Inten
tion to the great statesman of bring
ing the subject before the house. The
resolution was made at the foot of a
tree called Wilberforce's oak, and
a stone seat, erected by the earl of
Stanhope, marks the spot.
A little later, when Wilberforce put
his case before the house, Pitt, Fox
and Burke supported him and all
England rang with applause.
The Earth's Hot Box.
In connection with the recent earth
quakes In Mexico and California, a
negro preacher in Houston, Texas, has
evolved an Ingenious theory which,
one must admit, fits very well existing
circumstances. He addressed his flock
"Breddern an' sisters, we have re
ceived annudder warnin' not to go pes
tlcatin' into de ways ob Providence. De
earf, breddern, revolutes on Its axles,
an' lt takes a right sma't lot ob grease
to keep It lubricated. So de good Lord
put petroleum inside de earf to keep
de axles greased.
"Den, bye an' bye, long come all
dese hyah ile companies, punchin'
holes in de ground clear down Into de
bearin's, and quensecontly all de Ile
come squirtin' out. Fust thing we
know dere's a hot box an* de earf
squeaks an' rumbles an' grunts an'
dat's de earfquake. If dey don't quit
lt purty soon dere won't be no moah
grease left and de earf will stick tight
on its axles an' won't go 'round no
Legs That Only Look Bare.
Even for out-of-doors skating the
New York girls cannot give up the
appearance of bare knees. They
wear sport skirts to the knees and
heavy woolen stockings turned down
to the tops of the skating shoes. The
onlooker shivers at the sight of what
he thinks are bare legs, until he dis
covers that the apparently naked legs
are covered with flesh-colored wool
The Lure of Battle. ?
"Mrs. Gadder is up and about
"She made a quick recovery. She
must have a good doctor."
"She had a smart doctor."
"He told her the Gadder clique was
about te knuckle nnder to the rival
faction led by th? wealthy Mrs. Wop.
Lock boxes for rent
All business mattel
Gloria Flour an
. Corner Cum-i
fiJSP" See our repn
In the robbery of the .
Trenton, the night of Octob'
1920, a certificate for 10 sh
stock in the Bankers' Nation
Insurance Company of Orang
S. C., dated December 9, 1919,
vor of the undersigned was st
and notice is hereby given that a;
expiration of legal notice, I will
ply to che company for a dupli
certificate of stock.
WALLACE W. WISE,
4-5-6t ~; Trenton, S. C