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Production and Care of Cream
Clemson College, May 8.-ti view
of the increased interest which has re
cently been shown in dairying in this
state, which has come about partly
foy the difficulty of growing cotton
.since the influx of the boll weevil, and
partly .because dairying fits so well
into diversified system ? of farming,
there has rapidly sprung up a great
seed and demand for information in
regard to proper production and
care of milk and cream for shipment
to the various creameries and butter
factories of the state. The. lack of in
formation is not surprising, for while
the state owns about 220,000 dairy
cows, heretofore most of their prod
ucts have been consumed locally and
but very little has been shipped, from
the farms. Now, however, dairying is
beginning to change from a sideline
activity to a regular industry and is
providing at least a share of the live
lihood of many people.
It naturally follows therefore that
the supply of dairy products will be
much larger than can be consumed
locally in the f orni of milk and cream
or manufactured into butter in the
borne. Hence, shipment to the vari
ous creameries is becoming a neces
sity. But many people find themselves
unprepared and not properly is form
ed a?ong dairy lines to cope with this
situation. There is nothing difficult
about the production and proper care
of milk and cream to be shipped nor
are expensive methods necessary. In
order to answer in a general way the
many inquiries which are reaching
the Dairy Division concerning this
work and to aid farmers in produc
ing a good quality of products and
thus securing a higher price for it,
the Extension Service has published
Extension Circular 35, "Production
and Care of Cream for Shipment,"
?which is now available for distribu
The, publication contains brief dis
cussion of the necessity for good
cream; how to prepare a good quali
ty of cream, and the shipment of
cream. Special emphasis is placed on
cleanliness; on feeds; on separation
and c doling practices; and on care in
shipping, as factors in good quality
and good returns.
.Buy a FORD and bank the
Pear Blight , .
Clemson College, May 8.-Blight
5s the most' destructive pear disease
with which growers have to contend,
?t is present in practically all pear
growing regions and in many places
j iSiSb severe as to; prevent commercial
pear production entirely. It is caused
by bacteria which gain entrance into
the tissues while they are tender,
. usually by way of the blossoms and
multiplies there. Soon the affected
parts die and assume a blackish col
or. Pear trees with large numbers of
. blighted twigs are extremely com
Control is very difficult, as the dis
ease, does not respond to spraying,
and there are no commercial pear va
rieties which are resistant to any ex
tent Eventually resistant varieties ,
anay solve the problem of this dis
'ease, but that time has not yet come.
At present the best that can be
.done is to handle the trees to make
them as resistant as possible and to
trim out the dead and cankered
.branches in the winter time. The
.trimmings should be burned. In order
to prevent over-spsceptibility exces
sive nitrogen fertilization and too
thorough cultivation should be avoid
ed, since these practices induce a
large growth of soft shoots which
.contract the disease very rapidly. In
fact, it is better after a few years to
. ieave the trees uncultivated and let
them grow in sod.
In pruning, all cankered and dead
parts should be removed, taking care
to remove three or four incheu of
healthy tissues also if possible in or
der to be sure that all of the diseased
portions are removed. The knife or
ithe cut surface on the tree should be
.?disinfected after each cut or there
'will be danger of disseminating the
bacteria by the pruning operation.
A solution of corrosive sublimate in
water, 1 to 1,000 is satisfactory for
the disinfection. The chemical can be
secured at any good drug store. The
tablet form is convenient for making
small amounts of the solution.
\ Eggs For Hatching.
"Wyckoff and Tom Barron
strain White Leghorns. "The
$1.50 per setting f. o. b.
$1.75 by parcel post.
Mrs. Geo. F. Minis,
! Edgefield, S. C.
Don't say shock absorbers
say "Hasslers."--Y. M. C.
delicious VAN-NIL Delicious
Observe Mother's Day.
Next Sunday is "Mother's Day!"
Though'the movement is hardly more
chan a decade in age it has reached
great proportions in the matter of
observance and next Sunday , it will
be observed more generally than ever
before. For the first time in history,
so far as we can ascertain, the head
of one department of the government
has signalized such an occasion by
asking that the flag be flown in hon
or of the event.'Postmaster General
Hubert Work, has issued a request to
all postmasters to fly the flag of the
nation next Sunday in honor of
"Mother's Day" and consequently
from the flag staffs of hundreds of
postoffices throughout the country Old
Glory will wave.
. Ordinarily the flag is not flown on
government buildings on Sunday, but
this new order will no doubt be wel
comed throughout the length and
breadth of the land, for there is no
body now here that would interpose
and objection to such a dedication
and use of the flag. No doubt there
are many who still harbor their own
ideas, and pursue their own plans de
spite'' Mother's ideas and opinions to
the contrary; just as they did back
in the olden days when youth had its
fling and unrestrained boyhood and
girlhood had its way in many respect,
but after all, all of us place Mother
on a pedestal in the secret places of
our heart and worship her there at a
shrine where the vulgar public may
The custom in vogue is to wear a
red flower in memory of Mother if
she is living and a white flower if she
is'dead. That is a splendid tribute
itself, but the greatest tribute we
can pay Mother is to do the best we
can for her as the sun goes down the
westward way. Unfortunately cir
cumstances and conditions frequent
ly prevent us from doing half so
much as we would want to do, and
then again the dear mothers them
selves keep their children from doing
as much as they did and would do,
for whether we are young or old,
too many of us forget to keep pace
with life and we can not see the new
vision of things as they are today.
But for all that Mother is Mother
still and we shall do our best as the
days speed on to make life's path
way brighter than it has ever been in
the past.-Augusta Chronicle.
Terms Dairymen Should Know.
Clemson College, May 8.-Dairy
ing is practically a new line to a great
many South Carolina farmers," and it
is well that they become familiar with,
the terms commonly used in dairying
practice, says M. E. Tolstrup, Asso
ciate Professor of Dairying, who ex
plains below some of the common
The Babcock test is a quick, sim
ple inexpensive and accurate means
of finding the butter fat content in
the various dairy products; namely,
butter, cheese, ice cream, cream,
whole milk, skim milk, butter milk
The Sediment test is a simple de
vice, by use of which it is possible to
find the amount of impurities ' con
tained in milk. The purpose of the
test is to improve cleanliness in pro
The Moisture test is a simple test
to determine the amount of moisture
contained in butter. The Federal
Government limits the amount to 16
per cent or less.
The Salt test is an easy and in
expensive means of telling how much
salt there is in butter.
The Acidity test is a particular,
inexpensive and rapid means of tell
ing whether milk and cream are sweet
by determining the per centage of
acidity that it contains.
Over-run in butter making means
the difference between the number
of pounds of butter fat put into the
churn and the number of pounds of
finished butter made from same. The
difference is made up of water, salt
and casein (or curd).
Standardization of dairy products
means bringing tem to a certain de
sired composition. It is used especial
ly in ice cream making, in market
ice cream, and in some places in mar
ket and modified milk.
I hereby give notice that an inter
est bearing certificate of deposit for
$1,0'00, dated May 24, 1921, issued
by the Farmers and Merchants Bank
of Johnston, S. C., has been lost in
the mails and that I will apply to said
bank for a 'duplicate certificate on
Thursday, June 1, 1922.
J. L. PRINCE,
Edge?eld, S. C.
April 25, 1922.
Buy a FORD and bank the
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WHERE FOX SHOWS CUNNING
Reynard Always Refuses te Run
Faster Than the Dog Wi IT Drive .
Him, for a Purpose.
An Englishman who had once seen
an American fox running before a
hound wrote that the American fox ls
much glower than Its English cousin.
As ? matter of fact, the Englishman's
assertion, which by the way appeared
In an encyclopaedia, ls really a trib
ute to the superior. cunning of the
American fox.1 Reynard, says Mr.
Charles D. Stewart In the Atlantic
Monthly, could have run a good deal
faster had he thought lt wise to do lt.
A fox surprised by a hound in a
small patch of wood will run across
the open at astonishing speed. Then
he not only will slow up but may even
sit down on some convenient elevation
and look back. He keeps his wits
about him ; he wants to see what ls
going on. When the hound has strack
his stride the fox will soon gauge -lt
and lead him a chase. Anyone who
sees the chase and knows that the
hound is slow becomes an admirer of
the witty Reynard and will be likely
to say that the fox ls running slowly
Just to tease the dog. Indeed, many
entertaining writers have said sb; but
n veteran hunter would not so Inter
pret tlie action of the fox. He well
knows that when a fox gets half a
mlle or so ahead of him and skulks
along at a set distance out of sight,
lt is not doing it to tease him. The
fox is not so human as that. The plain
fact Is that the fox will not retreat
before a dog any faster than the dog
drives him. That Is because lt ls
HOW RUSKIN PAINTED PINE
English Writer Qujck to Perceive the
Rugged Beauty of tho Northern
The Impressions on most people's
minds must have been received more
from pictures than reality, so far as
I can Judge ; so ragged they think the
pine; whereas Its chief character ls
?green and full roundness. It stands
compact, like one of Its own cones,
slightly curved on Its sides, finished
and quaint as a carved tree In some
Elizabethan garden; and Instead of
being wild In expression, forms the
softest of all forest scenery; for oth
er trees show their, trunks and twist
ing boughs; but the pine, growing ei
ther In luxuriant moss or In happy
isolation, allows ho branch to be leen.
Summit behind summit rise Its pyra
midal ranges, or, down to the very
grass sweep the circlets of Its boughs ;
so that there ls nothing but green
cone and green carpet. Nor Is It only
softer, but In one sense more cheerful
than other foliage ; for lt casts only s
pyramidal shadow. Lowland forest
[ arches overhead, and cheques tho
ground with darkness; but the pine,
growing In scattered groups, leaves
the glades between emerald bright.
-"Modern Painters," John Ruskin.
Some years ago the last remaining
farmer In a prosperous New York sub
urb bequeathed to his son nfs only
property, 16 acres of land, a ram
shackle barn and one cow. The young
recipient had no money te develop the
land, and was at a loss to know what
to do with his cow, whose habits he
did hot understand. He finally de
cided to keep her as a remembrance
bf his father, and she grazed away
Ten years later there came an op*
portunlty to dispose of the land at
$1,000 a lot, or $192,000 for the whole.
Based on this valuation, the taxes
dorine the ten years would have
amounted to something like $15,000,
whereus, because of the cow, the
property had be i given a farm clas
sification, and had been taxed daring
the period only $1,600.-Wall Street
A very little girl sat on the plush
couch In the hotel lobby violently
swinging her feet. Back and forth
they swung with vigor. A nice-faced
lady sat down next to the child and
watched her for a moment. Then she
asked very gently why the little girl
didn't put her feet on the floor.
With painstaking care and patience
the little girl explained by gestures
that If she held he* feet on the floor
she couldn't sit on the couch, and If
she sat back comfortably her feet
didn't reach the floor.
"Dear me," said the lady, very
kindly, "what are you going to do?"
"brow," answered the child non
chalantly, and continued swinging her
Saved by Mankind.
The gingko tree, which ls a native
of China, long ago ceased to exist as
a "wild" tree. But lt has been cul?
tlvated In many countries, and ls
hardy and persistent wherever lt ls
planted in the temperate -zone. The
gingko ls one of the few species that
have been saved from extinction by
man as an offset to the many species,
vegetable and animal, that have been
exterminated by him. The gingko
flourishes in the northern part of the
United States, and ls favored for park
planting. Because of Its unique two
lobed leaves lt ls sometimes called the
31 am, Bang!
Be (walking by a graveyard)
Wouldn't lt be terrible If all the dead
should come to life again?
Sh? (fawning)-Ho, hum. I certain
ly wish one of them would.-American j
Legion Weaklf. i ' '
A DOG'S JUDGMENT
blToby's eyes, BO deep and'brown,
I see myself enshrined;
He caies not if my hat. and gown
Be made in country or in town,
I'm perfect to his mind!
- - '
What though I gain unwished (or pounds
And mourn the fact with sighs?
For worry Toby sees no grounds.
And should I grow by leaps and bounds,
I'm perfect in his eyes.
To him, the flaws that humans traes.
Are graces wondrous fine.
And if he can but And a place,
Where turning, he may see my face,
The world ls his and mine.
Gray hair and wrinkles pass him bjr,
With him time plays no part.
Youth ls eternal to his eye,
Nor will that homage ever die- :
I'm perfect In his heart
You who are old and plain and worn,
To whom the world seems cold, .
Go get a dog and be reborn.
He'll think you're like the rosy morn. '
Such solace ls pure gold.
UTILIZES ENERGY OF WAVES
San Francisco Man Seems to Have
Perfected Device That Is of
The newest invention for utilizing
the energy of ocean waves has been
patented by Thomas A. McCulley of
San Francisco. It Is an arrangement
of two buoys connected with a hori
zontal shaft that rests upon a sup
porting structure mounted on a stone
How Invention Works.
pier. The floating buoys alternately
rise and fall with each wave, thereby
actuating ' driving arms, which cause
a pair of large rachet-wheels to re
volve. The energy thus developed ls
communicated through suitable gear
ing to a verticil shaft for power pur
Eagle Lost Meal and Liberty.
A large eagle was captured at Three
Lakes, Wash., while lt was fighting
hard to carry off a wild goose. jThe
goose was attacked while swimming
op the water. The eagle's talon en
tered the goose's side, which promptly
drew Its wing down tightly, preventing
the sharp claws being withdrawn. The
eagle could not release Its hold of the
heavy bird, and as the Ufe of the
goose slowly waned the larger bird
was lb danger of drowning. A man
waded out Into the edge of the lake
and easily captured both. The eagle
was large enough 1* have carried off
the goose had not the water weighted
Germans Want State Censorship.
The censorship of stage matters
which was at one time very rigid in
Germany was abandoned during the
war and the result was that efforts
were at once made to give question
able performances. The theater-going
public has resented this and have
shown their displeasure by stopping
the shows In several parts of the
country. In some case actors and ac- ?
tresses were seriously Injured by the ,
demonstrations which took place.
There ls a general demand for the re
turn of the old-time censorship when
only the best plays were sanctioned.
The Earliest Man.
English anthropologists and archa
eologists have started a lively discus
sion about the fossil skull unearthed
at the Broken Hill mine of northern
Rhodesia, which Is expected to prove to
be the earliest type of man yet dis
As a curiosity it ls remarked that
all the teeth of the skull are decayed.
The English anthropologists observe
that the Rhodesian cave dweller must
have ' suffered more from . toothache
than his European descendant.
After Oil In Australia.
A favorable report to the western
Australian government geologist on
the discovery of mineral oil Indica
tions at Prices Creek, in the Kimberly
district, has given an impetus to pros
pecting oper?tion3 In that district, the
north of western Australia, and In the
northern territory. Reports recently
received from that region have been
favorable, although there has been re
ceived no official Information on which
reliability may be placed.
Were Coming in Paris.
Very recently, twin boys were born
to a local family in Megantic district.
Quebec, while at their next door neigh
bors, the very sa*me night, twin girls
were horn. Our correspondent ask.?
"can you not give Lake Megantic a
lirtk; 1 . ?st on thlR7" We'll at least
"tell the world."-Montreal Family
OfrBest feeds Made
It is the easiest thing in the world
to state a fact when you can back it
up. That's why we so boldly give first
Happy Stock Feed?
To make a good feed the manufac
turer must thoroughly understand all breeds
of live stock and poultry. He must know the
value of all feedstuffs, and have adequate
Edgar-Morgan Company knows the feeder
and his stock, the farmer and the feedstuff he
raises. They know how to make the balanced
rations the Southern feeder needs.
For seventeen years Edgar-Morgan's quality
|) feeds have made good. Successful feeders
know that when they buy Happy Feeds they
are getting something that fully, deserves
their wonderful reputation.
These are truly the best feeds made.
Whether you have one horse or many teams
-one cow or a hundred-a dozen hens or
a thousand it will pay you to feed them.
You can buy a bag or a carload and we
will deliver it promptly. Always ask for and
insist upon having
Old Beck Chop Feed
Happy Cow Sweet Feed
Happy Hen Buttermilk Mash
Manna Hen Scratch Feed
Happy Chick Growing Mash
Happy Chick Scratch Feed
You have nothing to lose and much to gain
by putting your trust in Heppy Feeds. Get
them to-day. ?
Edgefield Mercantile Co.,
Edgefield, S. C.
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Is Depository for Public Funds of Town of Edgefield, of
County of Edgefield, of State of South Carolina and
of the United States in this District
The Strongest Bank in Edgefield County
SAFETY FIRST IS AND WILL BE OUR MOTTO
Open your account with us for 1922. At the same time start a
Savings Account with us, or invest in one of our INTEREST BEAR
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
Barrett & Company
1 COTTON FACTORS
Augusta - - - -
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch*Horse2Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
The nex? regular teachers' exami
lation will be held Friday, May 12,
md Saturday, May 13 for primary
ind general elementary certificates,
'rimary certificates entitled the
lolder to teach first five grades; gen
sral elementary, certificates entitle
he holder to teach first nine grades,
advise all who wish to teach next
chool year to take this exmaination
hat they may know the result before
chool begins. It will, be absolutely
lecessary for ali teachers to present
alid State certificates with first pay
?rarrant. School authorities will not
be bound by any contract made with
a teacher who has no valid certificate.
White applicants report at high
school building; colored applicants
at Macedonia school.
. . W. W. FULLER,
Co. Supt. Education.
I am now prepared to sell ice in
any quantity) Will deliver anywhere
J. P. NIXON.
McMurrain's old stand near depot
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