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Farm Work For June.
What day in the year is worth
most on a ?Southern farm? I think it
is the average day of the first half
of June or the latter half of May.
Can other readers of The Progressive
Farmer nominate any other average
day as including more work to be
done? At this season there is a real
jam of work, not exceeded in conges
tion by the grain harvest season on
a Western grain farm. For not only
must cultivation be promptly done
lest moisture be lost or weeds become
unduly large but there is grain to
harvest before rain,"and land to be
prepared for summer forage crops
"before the ground becomes too dry.
Corn and cotton make chief de
mands for cultivation, and it is a
matter requiring good judgment each
day of this busy season to determine
which should be tilled first. When the
rush is especially urgent probably the
wisest course is to follow the exam
ple of some of the old farmers, in
cultivating every alternate middle,
thus holding at least a part of the
moist?re till the other half of the
surface can be stirred.
As to method of tillage. My ob
servation is that in shallowness of
cultivation nad thoroughness of weed
destruction, the methods practiced
by the best Southern farmers are
more thorough and commendable,
than those methods of cultivation
generally practiced in the Corn Belt.
However, in one important detail
they have us completely beaten. This
is in their customary use of two
horse cultivators and even of two-row
cultivators, while we are too general
ly content with such work as can be
done by one mule. Now that cotton
has risen to the point that has
brought about many sales, is it not
a good time to consider whether the
use of some of this cash may not be
for the purchase of a two-horse cul
It is chiefly at the time of harvest
ing grain or hay that I almost envy
the Western farmer his absence of
rain, in spite of his consequent pay
ment of water rent or irrigation tax
of several dollars per acre. But oats
or other grain must be cut with such
selection of weather as the judgment
or the foresight of each farmer may
0~uist weather damage. After try
ing nearly every common plan-but
only "farmer fashion" and not as ac
curate experiments-the writer is
not yet prepared to say which method
of shocking is best. On the one hand
there is the plan favored by some
farmers in Louisiana of merely stand
ing four bundles together without
capping; here the reliance is wholly
upon prompt drying after rains. On
the other hand there is the usual
method of setting up large shocks as
well capped as possible, the latter af
fording brighter colored grain if all
goes well, bu*- in protracted wet
weather these shocks are liable to
greater weather damage than are the
small uncapped shocks. The latter,
however, require the prompt reset
ting of each fallen shock, which in
deed should be the case whatever the
One method of protecting shocked
oats that the writer has employed,
and that he considers practicable for
those farms having sufficient capital
for complete equipment and for
growing considerable acreages of
both grain and leguminous hay, is
th ? use of hay caps of eotton duck. I
do not, of course, recommend their
purchase at this late date and prob
ably only when the price of cotton
duck is exceedingly low.
In spite of the rush of other work,
prompt thresting of oats is desirable,
at least in the satisfaction that it
gives. With wheat there is still anoth
er urgency for prompt, threshing
This is because the tiny grain moths
quickly attack shocked wheat and
their larvae may seriously damage
it if threshing and fumigation in
tight bins be unduly delayed.
June is the month in which we ex
pect, after the weather conditions
of the past winter and spring, to find
great number of boll weevils on the
young cotton, unless the weather con
ditions for the next few weeks should
be adverse to them.
If they appear in spots or in small
numbers, it will probably pay us as
heretofore to pick the weevils from
the young plants before squaring,
and, if there be an abundance of
cheap labor, to pick the first infested
squares. Apparently the tendency is
towards increasing reliance upon
dusting with calcium arsenate and it
would seem wise for much more gen
eral use to be made of that poison,
at present reduced prices, than here
tofore. A condition usually laid down
by the entomologists for the maxi
mum net profit in poisoning boll wee
vils is the promise of a fairly good
crop of cotton, one-half a bale or
more per acre. They do not recom
mend the incurring of this expense
where the yield promises to be much
less than this, even should boll wee
vils spare the crop. They tell us that
we get most benefit from the poison,
not by beginning very early, as we
might be impatient to do, but rather
by waiting until about 15 per cent of
the squares have been attacked. In
the writer's view we should not de
cide the question against poisoning
even if we should have conclusive
evidence of its failure to afford a
net profit in some single year. This
is likely to occur anywhere should na
ture destroy the weevils by summer
drouth or should other weather con
ditions be otherwise adverse to good
results from poisoning. Should we
not rather look on the expense of
dusting against boll weevils as insur
ance? Certainly we do not expect nor
hope to profit by insurance in any
one year, although we may in a life
IV.-Planting of Forage Crops.
Fortunate is the farmer who in
June can compass cultivation as
needed, harvest his grain, and yet
find time for preparing liberal acre
age for the planting during June or
soon after, of hay crops and other
minor crops. In most parts of the
country the choice of these crops is
easy, for past experience points to
the advantage in general of the le
gumes, but to the occasional substi
tution on rich land of sorghum, Su
dan, or other summer-growing grass
However, the choice among le
gumes is complicated in the region
in which the Mexican bean beetle has
greatly multiplied. While that area
of intensive infestation may include
this year only parts of Alabama, yet
the presence of this pest in a large
part of Tennessee, Georgia and Ala
bama and the probability of its
spread to other states, justify read
ers elsewhere in considering the ef
fects of this pest on the farming sys
tems of future years. Next after the
snap bean and the butter bean, the
ly late and to a far less extent than
injury to cowpeas. Mention of these
facts will enable each farmer to make
his own choice between these substi
As we struggle each June with the
congestion of work in this month,
largely due to the necessity for sum
mer plowing plowing for the hay
crops mentioned, we have a strong
incentive to examine our several sys
tems of farm management to deter
mine whether under the conditions of
the individual farm it might not be
possible to avoid much of this June
plowing. In general the most practi
cable method of reducing it consists
of substituting lespedeza for the le
gumes mentioned above. As the lespe
deza seed are sowed on the growing
grain in early sprnig, plowing for this
crop in June is avoided. Of course
the methods heretofore in general use
have not resulted in lespedeza grow
ing tall enough on many soils for
cutting. If this be a permanent con
dition the next alternative is to make
such changes in the farming plan as
to increase the amount of livestock
and thus be able advanteously to
utilize lespedeza for pasturage.
No plowing in June is ?worth so
much per acre as that done in the gar
den. Here doubtless turnips, mustard,
and numerous other winter and spring
'egetables have passed maturity and j
need to be plowed under, together [
with weeds in preparation for the
regetables that should constitute a
large part of the support of the fam
ily in late summer and- early fall.
The list is not confined merely to
corn, butter beans, tomatoes, and
okra, though it would be far better
to have the summer garden occupied
entirely by these plants than to neg
lect it. Horticulturists will doubtless
iuggest in the columns of The Pro
gressive Farmer a number of other
garden seeds that should be planted
this month. Let such a list include
along with the choicer vegetables the
old standby, the collard, even though
winter comes there may be such a va
riety of more tempting "greens" that j
the collard may be partly relegated
to the hogs and the cows.-Progress
f?T.Ei?TRff! The Best Tonic,
Sil i & hnO Family Medicine.
Honorary Degrees Given by
Greenville, May 25.-Six honor
degrees were conferred, 59 diplomas
awarded and medal winners pf the
year announced at the final com
mencement exercises of Furman uni
versity held today and attended by
a large crowd.
The event brought to close Fur
man's best session, the graduating
class being the largest in history and
the total enrollment being the larg
est the university has ever had.
The honorary degrees were con
ferred as follows: Prof. Charles Love
Durham of Cornell university, doctor
of literature; the Rev Croswell Mc
Bee of Devon, Pa., doctor of divin
ity; the Rev. Waddy Hampton Hud
son, missionary to China, doctor of
divinity; William Capers Miller, law
yer of Charleston, doctor of laws;
Federal Judge Henry Hitt Watkins
of Anderson, doctor of laws, and Jas
per Adams Campbell of New York,
honorary master of arts. All of those
upon whom degrees were conferred
are Furman alumni.
Medals for the year were awarded
as follows: Durham medal for best
senior class orator, to Albert Elias
Tibbs of Great Falls. The Feaster ex
cellence medal, offered to the student
adjudged filling best those require
ments of Christian character, scholar
ship, college activities and general
culture, was awarded to Howard M.
Reaves of Union. The Wharton medal
for best declaimer of the freshman
class was awarded to Remington T.
Chewning of Newport News, Va.
The Endell medal for the best de
claimer of the sophomore class was
awarded to R. T. Hallam of Pickens.
The McMillan medal for the best de
claimer of the junior class was award
ed to N. D. Timmerman of Edgefield.
The faculty Echo medal offered to
the student having the best contribu
tion of the year in the monthly pub
lication of the college, was awarded
to C. J. Allen of Latta, a member of
the junior class. The translation prize
offered by the faculty for the best
translation appearing in The Echo
during the year was awarded to D.
S. Brunside of Greenwood. The
Feaster orator's medal for the stu
dent winning the inter-society de
bate was awarded to C. J. Allen of
Latta. Thp sm ~~,J piece offered by
;r to the student
ie best article on
to G. F. Posey
?ffered to the best
shman class, was
mallwood of Lau
oors for debating
. tv ?.tie members of the
inter-coilegiate debating teams com
posed of C. J. Allen, H. M. Reaves,
E. F. Haight and N. D. Timmerman.
Will the World Ever Have a
Calendar of 13 Months?
Considerable sentiment is develop
ing in favor of the adoption of a new
calendar of thirteen months. It has
already been approved by many learn
ed societies and leading astronomers.
Under the new arrangement the
year would have thirteen months and
each month twenty eight days.
Church and special holiday, includ
ing Chr'stmas and Eascer, would al
ways fall on the same day of the
week and on the same date of the
month. Under the proposed calendar
Christmas would always come on a
Saturday and Easter date would be
fixed by a congress representing all
The extra month would be inserted
between June and July and since
thirteen months of twenty-eight days
each total only 364 days, and, the
lunar year is 365 and a quarter days
long, the extra day would come in be
tween Saturday of the old year and
Sunday of the new year and would be
simply known as "New Year Day."
Every four years the "Leap Year"
day would be inserted at midsummer.
But under the new system, calen-!
dars will not even be necessary. Ev-]
ery month will look like every other
month. The first of the month will al
ways come on Sunday, the seventh;
on Saturday, the eighth on Sunday,
and so on.
It is a simple but masterly idea
and one that will be a prodigious time
saver, if found to be practicable and
if the nations now subscribing to the
Gregorian calendar will subscribe to
the new one.
Among the multitude of places
where time can be saved under the
new system, it is estimated that the
work of bank clerks in computing
interest will be decreased by at least
forty per cent.-The Rotarian.
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Application For Discharge
In the District Court of the United
States For the Western Dis
trict of South Carolnia
IN THE MATTER OF
I Victor Daitch, Edgefield, S. C., Bank
No. B-387 in Bankruptcy
? To the creditors of the above named
Take notice that on May 8, 1922,
the above named bankrupt filed his
petition in said Court praying that he
may be decreed by the Court to have
a full discharge from all debts prov
able against his estate, except such
debts as are excepted by law from
such discharge, and a hearing was
thereupon ordered and will be had
upon said petition on June 8, 1922
before said Court, at Greenville in
said District, at ll o'clock in the
forenoon, at which time and place all
known creditors and other persons
in interest may appear and show
cause, if any they have, why the
prayer of said petition should not be
D. C. DURHAM,
Dated at Greenville, S. C.,
May 8, 1922.
, "I was hardly able to drag, I
was so weakened," writes Mrs.
W. F. Ray, of Easley, S. C.
'The doc to r treat e d me for about
two months, still I didn't get
any better. I had a large fam
ily and felt I surely must do
something to enable me to take
care of my little ones. I had
The Woman's Tonic
"I decided to try It," con
tinues Mrs. Ray . . , "I took
eight bottles in all... I re
gained my strength and have
had no more trouble with wo
manly weakness. 1 have ten
children and am able to do all
my housework and a lot out
doors ... I can sure recom
Take Cardui today. It may
be just what yod need.
At all druggists.
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insurred SI7,226,000.
j WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
?desire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
|:FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
^to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C. '
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
A sweeping verdict for QUALITY
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFI?LD, S. C.
Is Depository for Public Funds of Town of Edgefield, of
County of Edgefield, of State of South Carolina and
of the United States in this District.
The Strongest Bank in Edgefield County
SAFETY FIRST IS AND WILL BE OUR MOTTO
Open your account with UB for 1922. At the same lime start a.
Savings Account with us, or invest in one of our INTEREST BEAR
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
>:< J >:<;>:< I >:< JW; ?:I J >:r J >:t j i ( J >:< J YA J > ( J >:( J M I >;<
Barrett & Company
OLD BECK. M? m
OM Beck Chop Feed
is the most efficient ration
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cost It is by long odds the best horse
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Happy Cow Sweet Feed
makes your cows yield all the
milk that Nature intended they should.
Success ful dairymen are feeding it be
cause it makes them the most money.
Happy Hen Buttermilk Mash
is a complete egg-making feed.
It contains materials for the whites,
yolks and shells. That is why it makes
prize laye -s.
Manna Hen Scratch Feed
is a mixture of sound grain,
cracked in just the right size to keep
your hens hustling to earn a good
living for you.
Happy Chick Growing Mash
is a balanced ration for baby
chicks. It contains dried buttermilk
which acts as a tonic and prevents
Happy Chick Scratch Feed
is a combination of small grains
which little chicks like. It keeps them
hustling, happy and healthy.
Made by Edgar-Morgan Co. in
Memphis-makers of quality feeds
for 17 years.
Edgefield Mercantile Co.,
Edgefield, S. C.