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Significant Sayings of Present
Day Educators and States
Dr. Marion Burton, president of
the Michigan University, and former
president of Smith University, and
former president of Smith College
and the Minnesota state university,
expressed himself forcefully on the
necessity of law observance, when he
said in an address, "We must train a
generation of young people who have
profound respect for law and order
and the Constitution. The day is past
?when we can joke about the Eight
"One who, in the matter of nation
al prohibition, holds his personal
opinion and his claim of personal lib
erty to be of higher sanction than
.this overwhelming constitutional ex
pression of the people is a disciple
of practical Bolshevism," says Wil
liam Howard Taft, Chief Justice of
the United States Supreme Court.
Marshal Joffre, the French hero of
the Marne, was the honor guest at a
"banquet the other day at the Black
stone Hotel, Chicago. The Chicago
Herald Examiner, in its story of the
event, says, "After voicing his appre
ciation of the welcome accorded
"him, Marshal Joffre concluded: 'Per
mit me to raise my glass in a toast
to America-and to. one of her price
less jewels, the 'City of Chicago!'
And with that the assemblage arose,
the marshal placed a glass to his
lips and quaffed a magnum of Lake
Michigan's straightest chlorine so
Statement by Commander
Evangeline Booth, Commander of
the Salvation Army in the United
States, in a statement just issued,
published in the New York Times, de
clares that since the enactment of
the Volstead act drunkenness among
the poor has almost entirely disap
peraed. The announcement, she said,
was based on facts reported by secre
taries of the Salvation Army in all
parts of the country to whom she
sent a questionnaire regarding their
observations in Salvation Army head
quarters, shelters and hotels.
"Our social secretaries replied
that cases of drunkenness are now
the exception among men who fre
quent .our hostelries, shelters and in
dustrial homes," the survey said.
"More than two million beds were
supplied by the Salvation Army last
year, and it is on these two million
cases that our secretaries base their
answers. In one hostelry it was re
ported that 120 men who have never
heen known to keep a dollar more
than 24 hours now have bank ac
counts of considerable size. In anoth
er hotel twenty-five men of the sort
who before prohibition could not
keep a dime now have deposits rang
ing from $100 to $500. These are
unusually bright instances, but every
where the workers of the Salvation
Army have found a marked increase
in thrift and prosperity and a de
crease in drunkenness."
"In refutation of the charge that
drunkenness has increased since pro
hibition, Commander Booth cites the
fact that the Salvation Army's an
nual 'Boozers' Day' when drunken
men and women were collected from
:the streets, fed, clothed and prayed
with, has been abandoned and the day
has been given over to entertaining
the news boys and poor youngsters
of the city.
"Because prohibition has cleared
our park benches of drunkards, we
are able to entertain 5,000 boys un
der fourteen years old in New York
.city on this day, these boys being ben
.efitted because one of the greatest
curses of humanity has been placed
beyond the reach of men and wo
O Lord, our God, Thy mighty hand
Hath made our country free;
From all her broad and happy land
May worship rise to Thee;
Fulfill the promise of her youth,
-Her liberty defend;
By law and order, love and truth,
The strength of every state increases
In Union's golden chain;
Her thousand cities fill w ith peace,
Her million fields with grain;
The virtues of her mingled blood
In one new people blend;
By unity and brotherhood,
Thro' all the waiting land proclaim
The gospel of good-will;
And may the joy of Jesus' name
In every bosom thrill.
O'er hill and dale, from sea to sea,
Thy holy reign extend ;
By faith and hope and charity,
Henry van Dyke.
Says Sherman Did Not Say
"War is Hell."
Middletown, May 27.-Thomas D.
Collins, a Civil War veteran of this
city, winner of a congressional med
al for bravery, who was with Sher
man on his famous march, in a state
ment here today, declared the gen
eral never said "War is Hell."
"I was within a few feet of the
general," says Collins, "when the
mayor and officials of the city of
Fayetteville, ?. C., came out of the
city and pleaded with the general
not to invade the town.
"General Sherman told them he
would not enter the city if they
would lay down their arms and come
back into the Union. 'Until you do,
the general told them, 'we will have
to go on. War is cruel. I cannot re
fine it. I will make as great sacrifices
today' as any of you gentlemen, but
you must lay down your arms before
I will consent to remain out of your
city.' " j
Collins was a dispatch bearer for
The Hazels to Leave Saluda.
W. Grady Hazel has procured an
attractive residence in Johnston,
which he and his family expect to oc
cupy in the near future. Mr. Hazel
is making the move in order that he
may devote more attention to his
printing business, which continues to
show a steady increase in volume de
spite the general depression. In John
ston, Mr. Hazel will find in his neigh
bors old friends, he having lived there
until the beginning of his college ca
The departure of the Hazels will
mean a distinct loss to Saluda. No
couple in the town, young or old, we
believe, enjoys a 'uller measure of
the confidence and esteem of the peo
ple generally than do they. Mrs. Ha
zel's affiliation with the various so
cial and religious enterprises of the
town, has resulted in their parmanent
benefit, while Mr. Hazel's energy and
business acumen have contributed
substantially to the commercial pro
gress of Saluda. We regret to see
them and their little daughter depart,
even for such a hospitable and pro
gressive a community as Johnston.
When to Apply Soda.
Clemson College, May 29.-A
great many farmers are asking the
question When should soda be applied
to cotton and corn? The following
suggestions on the subject are given
by Prof. Blackwell, Agronomist.
When nitrate of soda is to be used
on cotton as a side application it
should be applied early in the season.
On heavy soils it may be put under
the crop at planting time with good
results. Where this has not been
done, however, and side applications
are to be made, these should be made
immediately after chopping or in any
case by the time the cotton begins to
form squares. A late application of
soda to cotton under boll weevil con
ditions will injure the crop ordinar
ily rather than help it.
Side application^ of soda for corn
should be put on early. The old idea
that nitrate of soda leaches out quick
ly and that it should be put on at
"lay by" time or when ^ the corn
bunches to tassel has been proven to
be erroneous. That is too late for best
results. Soda will give best results !
when applied to corn when the plants
are knee high or waist high.
Reversible Costume is Latest
Thing in Paris.
Paris, May 27.-Reversible cos
tumes are the latest invention to aid
the woman who hasn't time between
tea and dinner to change her appear
ance for the evening.
An American took a girl to tea at
the Ritz and suggested dinner and the
theatre that night.
"I'll just go up to my room and
dress," he said. "But" he hesitated,
I suppose it will take you an hour or
"I'm dressed already," said the
Before a looking glass she took off
her cape, blue on the outside and
black on the inside and turned it in
side out. Then she undid a button on
each shoulder and with a few quick j
motions changed her high cut after
noon gown into an evening robe with I
a deep V and bare shoulders. Taking
out her handbag a parcel of lace she
hung it round her waist, letting it
fall over her skirt almost to her an
kles. The bag next disclosed a "head
ache bank" of emeralds, dexterously
fixed over her forehead, and a veil
thrown over her hair.
In fifteen minutes, after a touch
of powder and rouge-also from the
handbag-she was transformed and
ready for the evening while her male
escort remained in his tweeds.
To Prevei. t Blood Poisoning
jpply at once the wonderful old reliaMe DI
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL, a sui
?ical dressing that relieves pain and heals a
'e sam? time. Not a liniment 25c. 50c. $1.00.
How to Increase Meat Con
By calling attention to the merits
of raisins as a food, the consumption
of that commodity has been
doubled. Orange growers in Califor
nia and Florida have also greatly in
creased the consumption of their
product by advertising and instruct
ing consumers in various v, ays of pre
paring oranges for table use. Nearly
every day a new campaign is started
to boost the consumption cf some
particular food or food preparation.
Every organization in the production
or distribution of food products, ex
cept producers and distributors of
meats, are 'drumming the country for
It has been suggested that a fee of
5 cents be assessed against every
carload of livestock sent to the cen
tral markets, and that this sum, which
will amount to about $1,000,000 in
twelve months, be used in promot
ing the consumption of meat. Ameri
ca is consuming less meat per capita
than in 1913, and it will be the aim
of the livestock associations and the
packers to present, in an educational
way, the value of meat as a food with
the purpose of increasing consump
tion per capita UQtil it reaches the
pre war level.
It is true that the average consum
er has developed an appetite for.
fruits and vegetables and is conse
quently eating less meat, and it is
doubtful if any amount of propagan
da will entice him away from a veg
etable and fruit diet. There is anoth
er way, however, which might have
the desired effect, and that is found
in a reduction of retail prices. Not
that the producer should get less, but
that the consumer should not be
charged a dollar and a quarter for a
roast for which he, figuratively speak
ing, paid 50 to 75 cents before the
The trouble seems to lie in the. fact
that there are about twice as many
retail meat dealers as there ought to
be. When dealers are so numerous
that a living must be made for an av
erage family from the sale of one
carcass a week, prices to consumers
must be advanced to an unreasonable
level. The volume of business per
dealer is altogether too small to per
mit the sale of meat at a price which
will increase per capita consumption.
-Farm and Ranch.
j The Origin of Memorial Day.
In a Memorial day address deliv
ered in 1879, Chauncey M. Depew
told of the origin of the custom
I among the women of the South.
'When the war was over," he said,
"in the South, where, under warmer
skies and with more poetic tempera
ment, symbols and emblems are bet
ter understood than in the practical
North, mothers and children of the
Confederate dead went about and
strewed their graves with flowers.
At many places the women scattered
the flowers impartially also over the
unmarked resting places of the Un
As the news of this touching trib
ute flashed over the North, it roused,
as nothing else could have done, na
tional amity and love and allayed sec
tional animosity and passion. It thrill
ed every household where there was a
vacant chair by the fireside and an
aching void in the heart for the lost
hero whose remains had never been
found; old wounds broke out afresh,
and in a mingled tempest of grief
and joy the family cried: 'Maybe it
was our darling.'
"Thus out of sorrows common
alike to North and South came this
beautiful custom. But Decoration day
no longer belongs to those who
mourn. It is the common privilege of
us all, and will ve celebrated as long
is gratutude exists and flowers
There is some doubt as to who de
serves the honor for having first sug
gested a memorial day. At least a
dozen different women of the South
have claimed it. Mrs. Sue Landon
Vaughn is often credited with hav
I ing first expressed the idea for a gen
eral memorial day. April 26, 1865,
she led southern women in strewing
with flowers the Confederate graves
in Vickburg. Three years later May
30 was adopted throughout the North
as Memorial day. Mrs. Vaughn died
in 1911. She was a descendant of
John Adams, the second President of
the United States. Mrs. Joseph H.
Morgan of Atlanta also seems to have
somewhat of a title to the honor.
The new non-alcoholic vanilla
flavoring never disappoints.
It is sold under a positive guarantee
that your money will be refunded if
not entirely satisfactory.
Ask your grocer for it.
Hymns Taken From Rev. A. T.
Allen's Calendar of Last
Come. Thou Almighty King,
Help us Thy name to sing;
Help us to praise:
Father all glorious,
O'er all victorious,
Come and reign over us,
Ancient of Days.
Come, Thou Incarnate Word,
Gird on Thy mighty sword,
Our prayer attend: *
Come and Thy people bless,
And give Thy word success,
Spirit of holiness,
On us descend.
To the great One in Three,
Eternal praises be
His sov'reign majesty
May we in glory see,
And to eternity
Love and adore.
Holy, holy, holy, Lord,' God Al
Early in the morning our songs
shall rise to Thee.
Holy, holy, holy, Merciful and
God in three persons, blessed trin
Holy, holy, holy, all the saints
Casting down their golden crowns
around the glassy sea.
Cherubim and Seraphim falling
down before Thee,
Which wert and art and evermore
Holy, holy, holy, tho' the darkness
Tho' the eye of sinful man Thy
glory may not see!
Only Thou art holy, there is none
Perfect in power, in love and pu
My faith looks up to Thee,
Thou Lamb of Calvary,
Now hear me while I pray,
Take all my guilt away,
Oh, let me from this day
Be wholly Thine.
May Thy rich grace impart,
Strength to my fainting heart,
My zeal inspire!
As Thou hast died for me,
Oh may my love to Thee
Pure, warm and changeless be
A living fire!
When ends life's transient dream,
When death's cold, sullen stream
- Shall o'er me roll,
Blest Saviour, then in love,
Fear and distrust remove,
.Oh, bear me safe above
A ransomed soul!
Abide with me: fast falls the even
The darkness deepens; Lord, with
When other helpers fail and com
Help of the helpless, 0 abide with
Swift to its close ebbs out life's lit
Earth's joys grow dim, its glories
Change and decay in all around I
0 Thou who changest not, abide
1 need Thy presence ev'ry passing
What but Thy grace can foil the
Who like Thyself my guide and
stay can be?
Thro' cloud and sunshine, 0 abide
Saviour, like a shepherd lead us,
Much we need Thy tender care;
In Thy pleasant pastures feed us,
For our use Thy folds prepare:
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Thou hast bought us, Thine we are;
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Thou hast bought us, Thine we are.
We are Thine, do Thou befriend
Be the guardian of our way;
Keep Thy flock, from sin defend us,
Seek us when we go astray:
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Hear the children when we pray;
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Hear the children when we pray.
Thou hast promised to defend us,
Poor and sinful though we he;
Thou hast mercy to relieve us,
.Grace to cleanse and pow'r to free;
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Early let us turn to Thee;
Blessed Jesus, blessed Jesus,
Early let us urn to Thee.
My Jesus, I love Thee, I know
Thou art mine,
For Thee all the follies of sin I
My gracious Redeemer, my saviour
If ever I loved Thee, my Jesus,
In mansions of glory and endless
I'll ever adore Thee in Heaven so
I'll sing with the glittering crown
on my .brow,
If ever I loved Thee, my Jesus,
START EGGPLANT IN
WARM, SUNNY PLACE
Rich Soil and Good Cultivation ls
Occasional Applications of Very Weak
Liquid Manure ls Beneficial
Little Flea Beetle is Most
Eggplant, so called because the
great fruits are about: the size and
shape of an ostrich eg??, ls closely re
lated to the tomato and pepper and
requires very much the same treat
ment as do peppers, say garden spe
cialists of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture. The eggplant ls
very easily Injured by cold and the
plants must be started indoors
throughout the greater part of the
country. Start the seed in the house
by sowing In a small box filled with
good soil. The small plants should
Eggplant ls Prolific Yielder.
be transplanted to pots or to a shal
low box or tray filled with soil and
kept In a warra, sunny place until the
weather Is quite warm. Eggplant re
quires a rich soil and good cultivation.
Occasional applications of very weak
liquid manure also benefit the plants
Eggplant is attacked by several
kinds of Insects, the most trouble
some of these being the little flea
beetle which works upon the leaves,
filling them full of small round holes.
As a remedy, dust the plants thor
oughly with air-slaked lime or very
fine- tobacco dust. By removing the
fruits of the eggplant as soon as they
attain good size the plants can be
kept fruiting until killed by frost.
Black beauty and Improved large pur
ple are among the leading varieties. *
OX-WARBLE IS COSTLY PEST
Loss Caused by Decrease in Milk Flow,
Destruction of Hides and Meat
"The little ox-warble means an ac
tual cash loss of $50,000,000 to the
United States each year," stated F. C.
Bishop, of Dallas, Tex., In an address
before the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, at their
meeting in Toronto, recently.
"The loss comes," he said, "through
a falling off in the milk flow, Illness
among the c-attle, due to irritation and
worry, destruction of hides and wast
age of meat when the beast finally
goes to the block."
"When the grubs reach the back of
the animal." said the speaker, "they
make their presence apparent by the
lump or swelling their body causes.
Gradually they make their way out
through the back of the animal and
drop off, to begin all over again their
life history. The only hope of dealing
with the pest lies In energetic action
by cattle owners in working out and
destroying the warbles from the backs
of their stock. The herd should be
gone over systematically every 30
days, the grubs squeezed out and de
stroyed. Of course, even then, there
ls loss because of the holes left In the
bide; five punctures of the back or
oidei' by warbles reduce any hide to
No. z grade."
CLEANING AND GRADING SEED
No Other Single Farm Operation
Which Gives Larger Returns in
There ls no single farm operation
zo easily and cheaply done, which
gives larger returns than the thorough
cleaning and grading of all seed sown.
Besides cleaning out the weed seeds,
the light weight seeds are taken out
when the job ls properly done, thus
preventing the reproduction of the
poorer plants. This practice carried
on year after year permits the In
crease of the best and kills out the
poorest Thorough cleaning and
grading of all seeds planted Is the
first step toward a successful crop.
There is no time like tho present to
put the seed In proper shape for plant
HIGH PRICE FOR! CORN CROP
Much Depends Upon Kind of Stock It
lt Given to-Purebreds Make
Despite the low corn prices, there
are many farmers disposing of all
they raised at good prices, while oth
ers art getting less than market
price?, it all depends upon the kind
of ?tock that eats lt. Purebred stock
insures the best returns.
DATA ON MARRIAGES
Proportion of Married Men Has.
Gone Up, Says Census.
Probably More Indicative of Chango In
Age Composition of Population
Than Growing Propensity
Washington.--The proportion of mar?
ried men to the total male population
of the country fifteen years of age and
over increased from 55.8 per cent to
59.2 per cent in the ten years preceding
the 1920 census, according to a com
pilation of marital statistics made pub
lic by the census bureau.
The bureau believed, however, that
th* was probably more indicative of a
chunge in the age composition of the
population-an increase in the percent
age of males between fifteen and
twenty-five years of age due to in
creased immigration-than a growing
propensity to matrimony.
Of the total male population of 53,
900,431 above the fifteen-year classifi
cation the census figures showed 21,
849,266 married, 1,758,308 widowed and,
235,284 divorced, the latter figure, how
ever, including none divorced and re
married. The divorce total showed an
Increase of 20 per cent in its ratio to
the total population during the ten
year period, constituting six-tenths of
1 per cent of the latter against five
tenths in 1910.
Although due to the absence of the
wives of many foreign-born residents,
the number of married women was
shown to be about 500,000 less than the
male total, the number of divorced
women exceeded men by approximately
40,000, representing closely the differ
ence between thc number of men and
women remarried after divorce.
By states, Massachusetts led the field
in the proportion of single women with
a percentage of 34.4, although the Dis
trict of Columbia exceeded this with
37.3 per cent. The census bureau point
ed out, however, that the ratio of men
to women in the population "naturally
has a very important bearing on the
proportions of single men and women."
Wyoming led with 70.5 per cent In the
proportion of married women, while
62.8 per cent was shown for Mississippi
and Arkansas, and the smallest, 45.9
oer cent, for Nevada..
FIRST WOMAN ASSESSOR
Since Mrs. Roxa S. Kirby, the flrsi
woman to be elected an assessor, as
sumed office as county assessor of
Campbell county, Wyo. (which ls ex
actly the size of the state of Connect
icut) the "hard-boiled" property own
er who was wont to drop in and
"cuss out" the assessor for "overval
uing" his property has become as rare
there as the dodo. In fact, he "ain't."
Mrs. Kirby, who served as deputy
assessor before she was elected to the
head of the office (having an over
whelming majority over the man who
ran against her) knows the assess
ment business "from the ground up to
the money In the bank," and argu
ment with her over the valuation o\i
property is highly unprofitable.
She was born in Union county, Ia.,
was graduated from iae Iowa Stat*
Teachers' college; taught Latin and
Enpllsh In Iowa hi^h schools; married
J. H. Kirby, a Jeweler and watchmak
er. In 1916, and in 1919 migrated with
him to Wyoming, where he took np
the homestead claim on which they
"I still like to cook and to do fancy
work," says Mrs. Assessor Kirby.
JUDGE OPPOSES FAT ALIMONY
New York Jurist Says Divorcee Can't
Get All the Luxury She Had
New York.-Justice Guy, In the
Manhattan Supreme court, told pros
pective alimony seekers that after a
separation or divorce they cannot ex
pect to be supported In the luxurious
style to which they became accus
tomed duripit the marriage.
"It ls no? the policy of che law,"
Justice Guf declared, "that a woman
who is *?klng to end the marriage
contras shall have all the luxury of
marriage. She ls not entitled to one
third of her husband's Income. She
cannot expect all the extras that :..
l?vter; Kasha ?ad would naturally be
stow upon her if the two were iHlng