?t?efi? ?NetvHpapet?a^rtirtb (tato
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1922
Mr. Alexander Elected Super
intendent of School. Mrs.
Bouknight 111. Baraca
D. W. Alexander, of Woodruff, S.
C., has been elected superintendent
of the Johnston High School. He has
had much experience in teaching,
and comes highly recommended. Mil
ton Stackhouse, who was elected
superintendent about a month or so
ago, found that it was impossible for
him to serve the school. It is a dis
appointment to many that Mr. Stack
house found it so that he could not
come to Johnston. Miss Thomas who
taught here about three years ago,
has been elected first grade teacher.
.Rev. W. S. Brooke went to Rocky
Creek church Sunday morning to con
duct the funeral services of one of
the members of- this church, Mrs.
Coon. He was her pastor about two
years ago, and as the church is with
out a pastor now, he was asked to
Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Scott and chil
dren and Mrs. Scott, Sr., of Bates
burg, have been for a visit to friends.
Mr. Jame?5 Barnes left on Monday
to take a special course in a northern
university. Mr. Barnes is assistant su
perintendent of the Baptist Sunday
school, and an assistant will be elect
ed to fill his place. Sunday morning,
Mr. M. R. Wright, superintendent,
spoke of the departure of Mr. Barnes
and said the school would miss him
and he knew it was a regret on the
part of the school that he would be
no longer be identified with it.
The shipment of peaches is now
very good, and plums and figs have
also been shipped. There seems to
be a'good sale for figs and some of
the farmers contemplate putting out
a number of fig trees this fall. Matny
have been encouraged by the ship
ment of asparague and larger beds of
this are already being planned for.
Mi\ and Mrs. Henry W. Dobey are
now occupying the dwelling on Cal
houn street that was occupied by Mr.
The personal service committee of
the Girls' Auxiliary, Baptist church,
met last week with Miss Agnes
Browne, and delicious candy was
made and a package was arranged
for a number of the elderly people
and shut-ins. This week the commit
tee will meet with Miss Helen Berrj^
and ice cream will be made and a vis
it will be made to the sick and con
Mrs. Erwin Smith, who is at the
University hospital is much improv
Mrs. Bettis Bouknight left last
week for Chattanooga, Tenn., to vis
it her parents. By the time she had
reached her destination she had be
come suddenly ill, and was carried
to a hospital where it was found that
she was suffering from acute appen
dicitis. An operation was performed,
and her condition is now very good.
Her husband was wired for as soon
as she reached Chattanooga.
Miss Mary Waters has gone to Au
gusta, having accepted a position
Miss Helen Wright is spending a
while in Rock Hill.
The Baraca Class of the Baptist
church had its annual picnic last Fri
day afternoon at Salter's Pond. This
class numbers over 50, and the mem
bers had the privilege of inviting
friends, so there was about 100 pres
ent. The afternoon was one of the
unusual hot ones so all who possess
ed a bathing suit carried it along. It
was .jolly sight to seo the bathers,
big and little, young and old, and
those who did not venture in were
left to make lemonade and iced tea
for the supper. A most bountiful sup
per was spread, which every one en
Miss Isoline Westmoreland has re
turned from Charleston where she
visiter her sister. Mrs. Frank Weirse.
Mrs. Alice Cox and Janies Robert
are at home from a visit to relatives
Mrs. Sophia Meyer Lindermann
has returned to her home in Florida
after a visit to her aunt, Mrs. M. E.
Norris and other relatives.
Mrs. M. R. Wright has been for ?
visit to her sisters, Misses Luelle and
Sara Norris jn^Golumbia.
Miss Marion;.lNorn of McCormick
is the guest of her cousin, Miss Fran
Miss Anibell Turner of Augusta is
spending a while with friends.
Miss Grace Crouch of Saluda is
spending this week in the home of her
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. S. J.
Miss Olivia Milford is at home
from a visit to Cope, S. C.
Miss Alice Lowry is expected this
week to visit in the home of Mrs.
Dr. Janies Halford has returned
from a business trip to Charlotte,
Mr. Claud Allen of Meeting Street
was a welcome visitor here during the
Mrs. J. L. Walker has returned
from Newberry being accompanied
by her sister, Mrs. Smith. On Friday
evening she entertained in her hon
or with a charming tea, a number of
friends being invited. Mrs. C. P. Corn
entertained the Thursday Evening
rook club in a very pleasant manner,
the affiair being on the porch to en
joy the evening breezes. A salad
course was served during the even
Mrs. W. B. Ouzts gave a spend the
day party on Thursday in compli
ment to Mrs. Leland Miller of Rich
mond, Va. The day was happily
spent, it being a pleasure to all to
be with the honoree again.
Mrs. Archie Lewis entertained on
Wednesday evening in honor of Mrs.
Miller, and a tempting dinner was
served. Bridge occupied the time.
Miss Emmie Wright was presented
with the ladies' prize, a set of cards
and Mr. William Bouknight, the gen
tlemen's prize, a box of candy. Mrs.
Miller was given a dainty bouquet of
I Miss Willie Ruth Wheeler of New
berry has been the guest of Mrs.
. Claud.cHeriong. -. . ? - -.r- ? - -
Miss Juiia Riddle of Augusta is
the guest of Miss Sallie Butler.
? party of young people from here
will-camp this week at Salter's pond
there being about 15 in the party ex
clusive of the chaperones. They are
well equipped for the stay and, judg
ing from the boxes of food stuffs they
are expecting their appetites to be
much whetted by the pond breezes.
Mr. F. L. Parker is at home from
Blue Ridge, where he attended the
institute in session there. He greatly
praised this movement and urged all
the young people to avail themselves
of the opportunity of attending.
Mrs. Joe Cox has returned from
Jonesville, where she visited her sis
ter, Mrs. Hames.
Mrs. C. M. Moull of Charleston,
has been the guest of her cousin,
Albert Freeland Drowns in
McCormick, July 2.-Albert Free
land, the 18 year old son of Mr. and
Mrs. J. M. C. Freeland of Plum
Branch, was drowned about 4 o'clock
this afternoon while in bathing with
a number of his chums in the Savan
nah river at the old Ferguson ferry,
about four miles from Plum Branch.
The young man, in company with
several of his friends, had walked
about three miles to the river to go
swimming in water very little over
his head and only a few feet away
from one of his friends, whom he
caught when he was sinking. The
friend believing that the drowning
boy was only diving and playing,
made no effort to save him. The
young man nearest Freeland stated
?that he thought Freeland was only
playing at the time and when Free
hand caught him he was almost ex
hausted and he also came near being
The water at this point is very
swift, and although relatives and
friends were soon notified' and the
river for some distance down had
j been scoured at dark, tonight the
i body of the drowned man has not
j been found and it is thought that it
(was carried on down the river ahead
of the searching party.
The Ferguson ferry has been aban
doned for some years as a ferry and
the road leading to. this landing has
reached such a stage that travel upon
it is almost impossible and this ac
counts for the crowd of searchers not
reaching the scene sooner. 'Th^e
searching party will continue tomor-^
row in their"efforts to find the body.'
Successful Co-Operative Mar
keting of Tobacco Assured.
The successful marketing of their,
tobacco by cooperative sales is now
assured to the organized growers of
South Carolina by the record break
ing campaign of last week which
reached 52 towns of the belt within
seven days, sweeping millions of
pounds and hundreds of nev/ mem
bers into the association. The last,
strong barriers to Cooperative Mar-,
keting have broken down within the
While half a million pounds a day
were added to the pool in the last'
days of the drive, the strength of the
association in the State was doubled
by the fresh support of busniess men
and bankers in a score of towns,
whose efforts will continue to win
Timmonsville, the second largest
tobacco market in the State was the
first to close its doors to the Auction
sales then Aynor and Kingstree fol
lowed fast during che days of the fu
rious campaigning. Other towns will
go one hundred per cent co-operative
as hundreds of acres surrounding the
big markets begin to grow tobacco*
for the farmers' own organization.
Thousands of acres more will be
added to the great pool before the
markets open, as committees in every
large tobacco growing county pf
South Carolina push the signup tb
the limit in the few days that remain
in which to sign the present crop.
Growers from Kentucky who made
the long journey from the Blue Grass
Country, growers from the Dark and
Light belts of Virginia bringing their
message of success, have found a
ready welcome and a quick response
in action, that means the end of an
era <_f debt and poverty for men and
women who produce the wealth that
has been passing steadily into,J>t?er
With the new. cooperation^/?^?
come new independence, new oppbr-"
tunities ,new standards of living for.
the producers of the millions of dol
lars of wealth which now go on to
other states and other people, accord
ing to last week's message, which has
roused the growers, the bankers and
the business, men -to cooperate to
keep it at home.
From Danville, Virginia to Tim
monsville, South Carolina, ware
houses, tobacco growers and the bal
ance of power have been passing into
the Great Cooperative. A few men
can no longer hope to block 70,000
organized tobacco growers with $30,
000,000 assured them, with 206 ware
houses ready for business, with un
surpassed leadership chosen from
their nunber, with the foremost ex
perts cf the world's tobacco trade
ready to handle a majority of the to
bacco from three states for the As
A majority of the tobacco farmers
from the Carolinas and Virginia
make a last call to their fellow grow
ers of South Carolina who take the
risk of waiting longer..
?. D. Frissell.
Citadel Moving to New
Charleston, June 28.-This is mov
ing time at the Citadel, and various
articles of equipment are now being
transferred to the buildings at the
Hampton Park site, where, in the fall
the cadets will report for the new
term. The Citadel library, composed
of several thousand volumes, b?? al
ready been moved to the new bar
racks building along with tables,
chairs, book racks and other equip
ment and motor trucks are hauling
apparatus and supplies from the
chemical laboratory, to be installed
in new quarters. Considerble prog
ress is being made on the hospital at
the Hampton Park campus and vari
ous activities are going forward to
be ready in the fall for the big open
ing. It is understood that the facul
ty members, for the most part, will
oontinue to use the present quarters
at Marion square, as a delay has de
veloped in plans for erecting officers'
residences at Hampton Park this
summer. This will mean considerable
inconvenience to the professors, but
they are taking the situation philo-'
I am now prepares to sell ice m
any quantity. W#l. deliver anywhere
J. P. NIXON.
[Women's Clubs Have Plan for
fw:- Regulating Marriages.
A- Chautauqua, N. Y. -Runaway
j flapper marriages are marked for
death by representatives of 2 million
women assembled here at the conven
tion of the Federation of Women's
: Launching a drive for reform of
divorce and marriage laws, the con
vection leaders advocate:
Repeal of all state marriage and
Enactment of a federal law, gen
era] in its application.
ff?is movement was started after fu
tile efforts to induce various states
toi.ehact uniform laws were made.
*c,Miss Genevieve Parkhurst, writes
ort. women's subjects ,was here rep
resenting supporters of the move
ment, which has the backing of some
of Iv the nations most representative
ers. She conferred witv Mrs.
Thomas Winter of Minneapolis, pres
ident of the federation, before the
convention formally opened.
^Interlocutory Decrees Opened
.iThe proposed law, which will be
?fcgiented to congress for action, con
the following provisions:
p girl under 18 or boy under 21
rry without the consent of pa
s'\or guardian. Banns announcing
"intended marriage must be pub
two weeks before the cere
' nioijyv- Physicians' certificates as to
the^mental and physical fitness of
parties -to the marriage must bc
|sq9f& when the license is issued.
:?|v$:ce. cases to be heard behind
proved^.physical or mental cruelty,
desertion- for; a period of one year or
njjfi&~^oved infidelity or habitual
OKlyr- interlocutory decrees, made
final'af t?r-dapse of one year, are to
be ?-r'?r.ted. Marriag^e^efore^the lapse
P?W^^c??.ct;' to be - heard- b?hiird?
^^sed3i^s:'aii?'the testimony never
The mother always to be given the
custody of the children unless prov
en unfit to take care of them.
United States Has Most Divorces.
"No two states have the same mar
riage, and divorce laws," said Mrs.
jParkhurse. "Some states do not even
forbid the marriage of deficients. Per
sons who arc married in one state
are'' not legally married in another.
The proportion of divorces is greater
in America than any other nation in
Planting Fall Irish Potatoes.
Clemson College, July 3.-The
greatest difficulty in the growing of
a second crop over that of a spring
crop is the defective stand, which
may be overcome by employing the
careful planting and cultural meth
ods necessary at this season. The fall
oij second crop of potatoes , may fol
loSv the spring crop or any crop that
is,.off the ground by the first of July.
Planting after the spring crop is es
pecially desirable, as "volunteer"
plants from the first crop will add to
the stand of the second'crop.
Soilslr^-This crop delights in and
grows and produces to perfection on
a rich sandy loam soil underlaid by
a clay subsoil retentive to moisture.
However, the absence of such a soil
?hould not be a hindrance in the
growing of Irish potatoes for home
consumption, as they adapt them
selves to a great diversity of well
Preparation of Soil.-Thorough
preparation can not be stressed too
?much. This consists of thorough and
deep turning, followed immediately
by harrowing until a thoroughly pul
verized seed bed is formed. Rows or
deep furrows, 3 to 3 1-2 feet apart
should be laid off and well thrown
out, using either a turnplow or a
Fertilizers.-Both barnyard ma
nure and commercial fertilizers are
.used, but the former must be well
rotted and judiciously applied; oth
erwise, scab and similar diseases may
result. In the use of commercial fer
tilizer, a complete mixture, phosphor
ic acid 8 to 9 per cent, nitrogen 4 to
5 per cent and potash 4 to 6 per cent,
is advised. The fertility and physical
condition of soil should determine
.imount of the application.
Barnyard manure, if used, should
be applied broadcast, 8 to 10 tons
per acre, and thoroughly disced into
the soil. In the use of commercial
fertilizer, it is best to apply in the
drill, using 800 to 1500 pounds per
acre, depending upon the strength of
the soil, and thoroughly mix with the
soil, otherwise a poor stand may be
obtained as a result of the contact of
fertilizer and tubers.
Varieties and Time of planting
Of the many varieties suitable for fall
planting the Lookout Mountain is us
ually recommended as being the best
and? most popular in South Carolina,
not because of its superior table
quality, but by reason of its good
yield and excellent keeping quality.
Substitutes for this may be such
spring varieties as the Cobbler and
the Early Rose, each of which is good
but neither of which is nearly so
good for the fall crop as the Look
This crop should be planted from
July 10 to about August 1 depending
upon climatic conditions of the sec
tion in which it. is to be grown- j
warmer climates calling fer later
planting. Fall varieties amount to
very little when planted out of sea- j
son, and this especially true of the
Lookout Mountain variety. "Better
safe than sorry.
Pardon Record of Governors.
To the Editor of The State:
Some of us have gotten into an
argument as to the pardoning records
of Governor Blease and Governor
Cooper, some contending that Copoer
pardoned nearly as many as Blease.
As it might be of peculiar interest to
some of your readers to have their
memory refreshed as to some of our
past history I would appreciate your
giving us the pardoning records of
both governors and ask also, that you
quote the proper authorities in order
to settle our .controversy.
^Jgj I "A Vote^'.v..:
The State has obtained the desired
information from the records at the
secretary of state's office and from
other reliable sources. The records
show that Governor Blease granted
1,708 pardons, paroles and commu
tations of sentences during his four
years as governor against 303 par
dons, paroles, commutations of sen
tences and restorations of citizenship
j by Governor Cooper during the three
j years and four months he was gov
? ernor. These figures may contain a
few duplications, but they are very
nearly accurate, coming within a few
cases of being absolutely accurate. In
the 1,708 granted by Governor 31ca.se
are not included a large number of
pardons granted to same persons he
had already pax-oled under his "blan
ket pardon" granted a short time be
fore he went out of office. In this
"blanket pardon" Governor Blease
restored all the persons he-had pa
roled during good behaviour to citi
. Governor Cooper's record was, 203
paroles during good behavior, ?2"par
done, 63 restorations of citizenship
and 25 commutations of sentences.
Governor Manning granted 217
pardons, paroles and restorations of
citizenship and commutations of sen
tences during his four years, divid
ed as follows: 157 paroles during
good behavior, 7 pardons, 20 commu
tations of sentences and 24 restoi*a
tions of citizenship.
Institute for Colored Preachers
The second annual institute for
colored preachers will be held at Bet
tis Academy from Monday, July 10,
to Friday, July 14. This has largely
been accomplished through the ef
forts of Prof. A. W. Nicholson who
has proved over and over again to be
a very valuable leader for his people.
The colored preachers having had
but limited opportunities for the cul
tivation of their hearts and heads,
need this institute and it will be at
tended by a large number. Such top
ics as, "The Background of Christian
Preaching," "The Minister's Corres
pondence," "The Sunday School,"
"The Price of Health,"- ^The Church
and the Neighborhood," "Helps,in
Reading the Bible," will be discussed
by able specialists. The regular pro
gramme will be interspersed with lec
tures that will also prove helpful. Dr.
C. E. Burts of Columbia, will be
among those who will address the
VAN-NIL never disappoints.
The Legislature Spends the
Again let it be emphasized that no
governor has. ever materially in cr?as?
ed or decreased taxation. No govern
or's veto has at any time cut down
?the tax levy half a mill.
When candidates for governor
make promises _ of'.-what they will do
j in the matter of taxation, 'they talk
of what they have no power to do.
There is not the faintest hope of per-;
ceptible reduction in the. tax levy
through any other agency than the
legislature, which the people are
about to elect. Given an able and res
olute man in the house of represen
tatives and a man of equal ability in
the governor's office, the former will
exercise twice as much influence ca.
The State- has frequently pointe J.
out that legislatures and not govern
ors are not elected in the sa medway;.
It is a truth that can not be too of
'ten repeated. The 4,000 : or 5,003
white voters of Pickens have double
the weight in the election'of-a" gov
ernor that the voters " of many Low
Country counties have,, but' the Low
Country counties may weigh-for as
much in the legislature, becuase they
have as many members thereof, rep
resentation being based, . not upon,
the whole population of the county,
white and black. ; .
If the people are profoundly inter
ested that taxes be reduced they
would be wise to dismiss from mind
that subject, so far as the election of
a governor is concerned, and turn
their attention to the choice of legis
lators. If they allow themselves to be-,
.come excited about the governor's .
! office and to be engrossed in it, they
?will awa.^e, when^ the legislatura
[meets, to the .truth that'they- have ;
done nothing.-ThV State..
-StVwas ?hnounced bjf |iufh?T?t?c^3
?the Citadel yesterday that there will ^
? be a rifle team "at Camp Perry this
?year as last year; The civilian rifle
?team is the name and it will represent
?the Citadel as well as the riflement or
The cadets wilt be in charge of Ma
jor L. S. LeTel'.ier, who will h aye
charge of the boys, both on the trr>
to Camp Perry and at the camp. The
team will be coached by M. S. Paine, .
an expert with the rifle. The mem
bers pf the team are J .L. Grambling,
J. B. Weston, E. M. Byrd, C. F.
Ende, B. R. Fuller, O. H. Kollock, J.
jw. Simmons, J. G. Wardlaw, E. W.
?Black and R. C. Jeter.
In case anyone suffers injury or is
depected from the team for other
causes T. ML Mayfield will go as an
alternate and will handle the rifle on
the shooting range. The substitutes
are W. W. Tolleson, J. L. Frost, H. T.
Pattern, Harold Cantey, T. C. Adams
and F. B. Mood.
The record of the rifle team repre- \
senting the Citadel last year was ex- ?.
cellent and expects to break their rec- j
ord this year; Some of the nfembers
of the team are graduates of this^-.
year>but are eligible to contend un-^
der the rule but will be barred from
the team next season. The team will
leave for Camp Perry during the first
part of August.-Charleston-Ameri
Find Largest Still.
Greenville, June 29.-The largest
and most complete distilling plant
ever seen by the raiding officers was
taken and destroyed Tuesday night
by a group of federal prohibition of
ficers operating out of Greenville,
near the boundary line of Edgefield
and McCormick counties.
The outfit was too large to be de
stroyed with axes in^th/e regular fash
ion and two. sticks; of"'dynamite were
set off under the apparatus, blowing
it to bits. The plant consisted of a
large brick furnace base, over which
was a steel riveted boiler having a
capacity of about 400 gollons. Two
copper condensing outfits were con
nected with the boiler, each having; a.
capacity of 90 gallons. Five thousand
gallons of rye beer were poured out
by the officers. No arrests were made.
Concordia Lodge No. 50, A. F.-M.,
will meet in regular communication
Friday, July 7, at 8:30"o'clock. Re
W. A. COLLETT, W. M."
J. O. SHEPPARD, Sec.
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