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Boll Weevil Situation Rest?t
Clemson College, July 8.-At
recent annual meeting of the Cl
son Board of Trustees a very in
esting conference was held with
college officials in regard to the 1
It may be recalled that in 1915
Board of Trustees sent a commiss
to study the situation in Louisia
Mississippi end Alabama, and as
outcome of this investigation a t
letin was published in 1916, wh
with slight, revisions has been pri
ed and distributed off and on e
since. The trustees have always ha
very intense interest in the boll w
vii situation and wanted the lat
view held by the college experts.
Despite the fact that both the g
ernment and the college have b<
sending out information through i
press, county agents, specialists, b
letins and circulars almost every c
for several months, the stateme:
made by the experts to the Board
Trustees last Tuesday are of mi
public interest. In substance thi
college experts made the followi
We believe that the value of ea:
poiscniiig is greatly exaggerab
Such is the testimony by the best <
perimenters in Alabama, Louisiai
^Mississippi, Texas and Oklahon
"which states have been longest infe
cd with the weevil. Reports are n<
?being received from farmers from
sections of the state to the effect tl
the weevil has disappeared fr<
many of their fields. Some of ;he
ifields have been poisoned with calcii
arsenate dust, some with sweeten
poison, and others not poisoned
all. This emphasizes our oft repeat
statement that early poisoning is n
a material factor in boll weevil cc
The early weevils are but t
skirmishers of the hordes of ov<
wintered weevils that continue
come from winter quarters frc
March to July, They keep coming o
'even after the squares have begun
form. Most of these old weevils c
a natural death before square form
tion begine. Therefore, little is gai
ed, and often much lost through ne
lect of other farm operations on a
count of efforts to destroy these ear
weevils .These early weevils can '
killed by applications of any kind
arsenical poison, whether in liquid
dust form. This was demonstrated
far back as 1902.
The weevils want squares to fei
on and lay eggs in. There being i
squares early in the season, they co
?ne themselves to the buds of tl
iuds of the young cotton plant ai
are practically surface feeders, som
thing like the potato beetle or tl
cabbage worm, only less so. Little i:
jury is done to the cotton plant fro
this feeding on the bud.
If all the over-wintered weevi
would come out at the same time, i
chickens come off the roost in tl
morning, then we could no doubt di
stroy them with profit by early poi:
onings. But when we kill hundreds c
weevils with one kind of poison c
another in early spring, thousand
are still in their winter quartei
ready to come out later. By no mean
of poisoning or other control meas
ures yet discovered can we kill all th
weevils that are out, and the surviv
ors, together with those coming ou
after the squares are formed, discon
tinue feeding on the cotton buds am
'begin to puncture and eat the insid<
of the squares and lay their egg
there. From this time on the only ef
fect'ive poisoning method known i:
through the use of calcium arsenal
properly applied in dust form.
General Control Methods Again
The farmer must remember that il
is at this point that the battle for th?
-crop really begins. It is now that thc
following control methods repeatedlj
published, should be diligently and
1. As the bulk of the cotton crop
in South Carolina is made by share
croppers, the women and children
should be used to pick squares. This
should be so supervised that it is done
with great thoroughness, otherwise it
bas no value whatever. Begin picking
the squares as soon as the punctured
squares fall, and pick every infested
square on the ground and on the
plants every five days.
2. Practice frequent shallow culti
vation in order to prevent grass and
weeds and to keep the plant in a
healthy condition. This is important
oecause it prolongs the fruiting peri
od and helps to prevent shedding. The
"boll weevil is not inclined to attack
the bolls if he can find squares.
3. We realize that by far the great
majority of cotton farmers are not in
position to use poison this year, and
it is to these that recommendation 1
and 2 especially apply. Great prog
ress has been made in perfecting the
machinery for applying calcium ar
senate dust. We have every right to
expect that dusting machinery will
eventually be so improved as to meet
the needs of every class of cotton j
farmers. For the benefit fo those who
are using calcium arsenate dust, the
following are the conditions under
which profitable results may be ex
a. On high yielding land.
b. Where weevil infestation is
c. Under reasonably favorable
d* With proper use of approved
i dusting, machines.
Poison only when the air is calm
and the plants are moist, using from
five to seven pounds per acre for each
application. Use no calcium arsenate
that does not comply with federal
specifications. Because of the un
usual conditions this season, the first
application should be made when the
cotton begins to fruit. The second ap
plication should be made when 10
per cent of squares have been punc
tured. Infestation counts should be
made frequently and can be made by
any farmer who follows the simple
directions furnished upon application.
The object is to keep the .cotton thor
oughly dusted until the weevils are
under control. If weevils should be
come sufficiently numerous to severe
ly injure the young bolls, one or two
more applications late in the season
should be made. In case of a heavy
rain within twenty-four hours after
dusting, the application should be re
After all, weather conditions dur
ing July and August will have more
to do with cotton production in South
Carolina than any poisoning pro
gram. If these months are hot and
dry comparatively little weevil dam
age will be sustained regardless of
what method of poisoning was used
and even if none is practiced. On the
other hand, if weather conditions are
adverse, poisoning with calcium ar
senate dust in strict accordance with
government specifications will, we be
lieve, give the largest money returns.
Later the Extension Service will
begin, its annual campaign for the
early plowing of stalks, the destruc
tion of the weevils' hibernating quar
ters, the planting of winter cover
crops, and the saving and use of early
maturing varieties of seed. These are
most important measures in the con
trol of the weevli for next year.
Why the Veil?
Various floggings and outrages
committed in the South by masked
men have been charged to the Ku
Klux Klan. In every case the Klan
officials have denied responsibility and
pledged their devotion to law and or
If the Klan has not been respon
sible for the outrages how is that
fact to be determined when both its
members and the brutes committing
the crimes have their faces covered.
When the Klan has as its official
rope a garment that covers its face
it puts itself on a parity with bur
glars, thugs and highwaymen. If its
purposes are in accord with the law
why does it choose to hide its face?
The public has neither respect nor
consideration for masked men.
If the Klan is a decent, upright or
ganization as its officers claim why
does it not discard secret dress and
secret tactics and come out into the
open? That will gain it a thousand
times more respect than all the argu
ment it can promulgate to clear its
name of the outra oges charged to it.
Marcus Aurelius well said: "A star
never wears a veil."-Greenville
Safe or Unsafe?
This wisdom is from The Spartan
In South Carolina the candidate
for governor who will pledge himself
to show more consideration for the
lawabiding citizen than for the crim
inal, who will suffer the judgments of
the Courts to stand without execu
tive clemency, is the candidate who
should be elected.
What The Journal says has been
said and- re-said by every construc
tive newspaper in South Carolina,
but it does not grow less important
The governor of South Carolina
is capable of doing vastly more harm
He cannot reduce taxes nor enact
legislation'. He can plan, foresee, vis
ualize but he can not legislate ex
cept with his veto power.
On the other hand, no string is at
tached to his power for evil. The
keys to the penitentiary are in his
hands and if he chooses he can turn
loose on the state, every murderer,
thug, highwayman and rapist there.
No authority can restrain him.
Thus his ability to destroy is un
The people should be first con
concerned for the protection of their
lives and property. An unsafe guard
ian of the penitentiary is a jeopardy
to all they are and have.
To vote for a man who will reck
lessly exercise his pardon power is
to incur an awful risk.-Greenville
Notice of Opening of Books for
Enrollment of Voters in
the Democratic Primary
Notice is hereby given that the fol
lowing enrollment committees have
been appointed to erroll the voters
of Edgefield county for the Demo
cratic Primary for the year 1922,
and as provided by the Rules of the
Democratic Primary of South Caro
lina. The books of enrollment will be
opened for each club at the places
herein below designated on Jun? 6th,
1922, and remain open for the enroll
ment of voters, through the last Tues
day in July, 1922, after which day
said books will be closed; and within
three days thereafter each Secretary
of the respective clubs shall transmit
the original roll (book) to the coun
Bacon: J. M. Yonce, secretary; J.
H. Bouknight, W. H. Smith, Place
store of J. M. Yonce.
Cleveland: S. T. Pettigrew, secre
tary; T. L. Talbert, D. W. Smith.
Place-store of S. T. Pettigrew.
Colliers: D. T. Mathis, secretary;
W. G. Wells, Joe Hammoiftl. Place
Store of D. T .Mathis.
Calhoun: W. S. Mobley, secretary;
J. L. Mobley, A. M. Clark. Place
store of J. C. Lewis.
Edgefield No. 1: W. E. Lott, sec
retary; A. H. Corley, L. W. Cheat
ham. Place-Store of B. B. Jones.
Edgefield No.;2: J. W.. Kemp, sec
hetary; S. B. Mays, J. D: Kemp. Place
-Store of Edgefield Mercantile Co.
Lee: J. W. Cox, secretary; Mrs. T.
R. Denny, John Wright. Place-Store
of Lott, Walker Co.
Long Branch : L. C. Clark, secre
tary ; D. G. Derrick, L. S. Yonce.
Place-Store of L. C. Clark.
Meeting Street: J. "K. Allen, sec
retary; J. R. Blocker, G. R. Logue.
Place-Store of C. W. Owdom.
Meriwether: J. A. Thurmond, sec
retary; J. 0. Scott, Dr. Harris Math
is. Place-Store of J. A. Thurmond.
Moss: P. B. West, secretary; L. R.
Brunson, Sr., T. P. Morgan. Place
Store of West & Williams.
Pleasant Lane: F. L. Timmerman,
secretary; M. B. Byrd, J. B. Minick.
Place-Store of F. L. Timmerman.
Red Hill: T. W. Quarks, secretary;
H. W. Quarles, Miss Sallie Smith.
Place-Red Hill Store.
RQpers: John Boswell, secretary;
B. T. Lanham, F. F. Rainsford. Place
-Store of John Boswell.
Rock Hill: J. C. C. Seigler, secre
tary; R. T. West, J. P. Sullivan. Place
-Store of J. J. Mayson.
Trenton: Butler Whitlock, secre
tary; A. C. Yonce, J. D. Mathis, Jr'.
Place-Store of Mathis & Whitlock.
The qualifications for club mem
bership and for voting at Primary
Election are as follows:
The voter shall be twenty-one
years of age, or shall become so be
fore the succeeding general election
and be a white democrat. He shall
be a citizen of the United States and
of this State. No person shall belong
to any club or vote in any primary
unless he has resided in the United
States two years and in the county
six months prior to the succeeding
general election and in the club dis
trict 60 days prior to the first pri
mary following his offer to enroll:
Provided, That public school teach
ers and ministers of the Gospel in
charge of a regular organized church
shall be exempt from the provisions
of this section as to residence, if
otherwise qualified. A new enroll
ment is required each election year
under the Primary Rules.
J. H. CANTELOU,
June 5, 1922.
A Good Sign.
One of the most cheering incidents
noted at the campaign meeting in
Barnwell Monday was the great
amount of applause that greeted the
statements of Messrs. McLeod and
Laney relative to law enforcement
in South Carolina. The crime wave
will not be stopped," said Mr. Mc
Leod, "except by the voice of the
people in the verdicts of juries and
the sentences of courts, upheld by
the Chief Executive," and added that
he would not interfere with these
verdicts, either through sympathy or
personal preference. Mr.' Laney's
sentiments are substantially the
The, People is indeed glad to see
chat South Carolinians are fast be
coming aroused over the shameful
crime situation in this state, where
human life has apparently lost its
true value and the operations of il
licit whiskey distillers have become so
obnoxious to all law-abiding citizens.
Not until a wholesome respect for
the law has been instilled into the
minds of the law-breakers can we
hope to enjoy any sense of security
in our daily lives.-Barnwell People.
The Best Hot Weather Tonic
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC euriches the
olood, build* up th* whole systen end will won
derfully strengthen and fortify you to withstand
Uje depressing effect of the hot summer. ?Oe
T::? high rai/?a?'5 records Firestone Cords continue --o em
pV*as;z? the inc* thst "Pirt'sione me-hocis ire ciftererv. and bcitV.r.
7'he..e reber?a, st'eai!!y ??ci*ea*ing IT? number s?? iii m?leajp
totals, j?s?/iy the Firestone contention that there is ene frist
way lo build til ts.
Among th.-, ^rrrary sources of Firestone extra mileage Vi j
dcu'jie .^um-cippir.g-the saturation of the cord rlies in a vii
ox liquid guru-thus coating each cord aaa virtuaily clir.? nating
internal hear. and friction.
Another is Firestone air bag curing, with its 200 ?:ound
pressure, which places every cord accurately and equalizes the
Ey blending the rubbers of different plantations and types,
and by tempering it before mixing, Firestone men add still
Many cord tires are good-a few are better-Firestone usera
say one is best.
Those who have already experienced Firestone mileage, have
stepped shopping and experimenting-they have made these
cords standard equipment; Investigate your friends' success
with firestone Cords-and buy your next tire accordingly.
Cerne ..... and get your share of extra mileage.
>s3 OvJ?V.J '99V 57.9V 30x3 $8.95
:s Ole Seid 'W' S 99 30 xiii 10.65
". . Refiulnr Size 513.75
?>?> - -.Eura Size 17.50
"ht ._. 32 A6
S>; ?'i .'. 41.90
32 ? a . 52.15
.It is of vital importance that good
men are placed in office this year.
Never have conditions been such as
to urge more careful consideration
of the qualifications of the men of
fering for the various offices. Good
men can not be elected unless good
men vote, and good men can not vote
unless they enroll. This is a matter
that should not be put off until to
morrow. Enroll today.-Florence
Scholarship Exarr 'cations for
Examinations to fill 3 vacant four
year scolarships and one vacant one
year scholarship will be held at the
County Seat on Friday, July 14th be
ginning at 9 a. m. under the super
vision of the County Superintendent
1-Four-year scholarships. 'Open
to students desiring to pursue Agri
culture or Textile Engineering.
Subjects for examination: English,
including grammar, literature, com
position and rhetoric; Algebra, in
cluding quadratic equations; Ameri
can and European History, and prac
Age requirement, 16 years or over
at the time of entrance.
Winners of scolarships must be
prepared to meet. also the require
ments for admission of the Associa
tion of Colleges of South Carolina.
, The examinations may be taken for
entrance credits by those not apply
ing for a scholarship.
The value of each scholarship is
$100 per session and free tuition of
$40. Membership in the Reserve Of
ficers' Training Corps, R. O. T. C.,
during the last two years in college.
2. -One-year short course scholar
ships.'Open to students 18 years of
age or over desiring to pursue the
one-year course in Agriculture. Com
mon school education sufficient.
3. -No previous aplpication to the
college necessary to stand scholar
For catalogue, application blanks,
and other information write to
Clemson College, S. C.
COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON
Examinations at the county seat
for the Edgefield County scholarship,
Friday, July 7, at 9 a. m. Subjects:
English grammar and composition,
A.merican history, algebra and plane
Four-year courses lead to the A. B.
ind B. S. degrees. Special two-year
pre-medical course. A course in
Commerce and Business Administra
non is featured.
Expenses moderate. For terms,
:atalogue, and illustrated folder, ad
Suelea! 3 ?rnica Su Bye
The Best Salve In The World. 1
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Spend Next Sunday on Delightful
Isle of Palms
(?O ?A ROUND TRIP FROM
?pO.OU EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Good Only on Train Leaving Edgefield 7:30 P. M. Saturdays
via Columbia. Arrive at Charleston 7:55 A. M.
Returning leave Charleston 5:15 P. M. Sundays; also, good on train
leaving Charleston 3:00 A. M. No baggage checked. Not good in par
lor or sleeping cars.
* ENTIRE DAY OF FUN AND FROLIC AT THE SEASHORE
Excellent Sailing, Bathing, Fishing and Water Sports. See Historical
Charleston, Fort Moultrie and Sullivan's Island.
TICKETS <p\)*LiO j
Sold for trains Saturdays- and Sundays, with final limit returning to
reach original starting point prior to midnight Tuesday following
date of sale.
Summer Excursion tickets bearing final limit October 31, 1922, now on
sale to Mountain and Seashore Resorts. Stopovers. For particulars
communicate with Ticket Agents
Southern Railway System