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Small Grains for Winter
_Because most certain to produce
some sort of a crop, rye is probably
the best crop to sow for winter cov
er and grazing on the average lands
of the South-barley, wheat, and
oats, in the order named, make more
growth during the fall and are better
relished by the livestock, but rye
stands winter freezing better, is bet
ter adapted to poor lands and makes
more growth in cool weather and in
the early spring. While rye stands
cold better it does not stand the hot,
dry weather better and may fail if
sowed too ^arly in the fall. It will
stand later seeding than the others,
but not earlier, but of course, none
will furnish much fall or winter
grazing unless sowed early enough
to make considerable growth before
severe winter freezes come.
Next to rye, oats are probably
best adapted to the soils of the
South. Oats are not as particular as
to the type of the soil or as to a rich
Soil as either wheat or barley. Of
Course oats and rye both do best on
richsoils, but they will probably do
better on sandy soils and soils low
in fertility than either wrheat or
barley. Wheat and barley demand a
well-drained rich loam soil. They will
withstand the severe freezing weath
er of the northern part of the Cotton
Belt better than oats, unless the win
ter turf or grazing oat is used. As
to the variety of rye to use the Ab
ruzzi is beyond doubt the best where
lt does well, but it is not so certain
in all sections and under all .condi
tions as the common southern rye.
Much of the rye seed sold is grown
farther north and is not as satisfac
tory for grazing as the southern
grown seed. The Northern varieties
hug the ground closely and are not
as satisfactory for grazing. The only
objections to Abruzzi rye are that
it has not seemed to do well in some
sections toward the northern limits
< of the Cotton Belt, and the high cost
of seed. Perhaps the first objection
is not real, or is exceptional, while
the high cost of seed may be over
come by the farmer growing his own
seed. That is always a protection
which the farmer has against too
high prices for seeds he can
grow them himself.
For the greater part of the Cotton
Belt, all except the northern por
tions, the red rust proof varieties
?f fall oats are best for fall seeding
-:?for grazing. For the
Wheat is well know IA -
for late fall and winter grazing on
fairly fertile land that is well drain
ed. The value of fall beardless bar
ley needs to be more generally test
ed. On rich soils it makes a rapid
growth, is relished by the livestock
and stands the winter freezes well. It
.should have a more extended use.
The time of seeding these small
grains will to some extent depend on
whether they are to be harvested for
the grain or seed the next summer.
If they are then the time of seeding
should be that best suited to that
purpose in the section where sowed,
but if sowed for fall and winter
grazing the earliest seeding practica
ble will enable them to furnish more
grazing. The adates will vary from
September 1 to October 1 to Novem
ber 15 farther South.
The amount of seed should be lar
ger when sowed for grazing than
when sowed to produce seed or
grain.. Not less than one bushel and
a half each, of rye or wheat and not
less than two and one half bushels
of oats and two bushels of barley
should be used. Even slightly heav
ier seeding will brobably produce a
better cover crop and more grazing.
A MOTHER'S PRAYER.
Help me my God, to hold this little
Which thou hast given me-my joy,
Mid earth's varied scenes of joy and
A treasure to be guarded safe for
The love is mine but how I need the
And patience, too, to guide the little
To sow alone the seeds of love and
From life's early dawn all thru the
age of youth.
That when time's allotted span is
Together we may walk the streets of
-Mary Holden Willingham.
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
apply at once the wonderful old reliarle DK
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL, a sui
gical dressing that relieves pain and heals at
; s-e s nae time. Not a liniment. 25c. 50c. f l.oo, j
Pluralities Have No Special
As a result of last Tuesday's pri
mary Ex-Governor Cole L. Bleaasi
is leading Thomas G. McLeod by 9,
820 votes, with 89 out of a total oi
1,310 boxes throughout the State tc
be heard from. This does not signi
fy that Mr. Blease will be elected ir
the second primary, which will bi
held on Tuesday, September 12
History has a knack of repeating it
self. It will be recalled that in th?
first Democratic primary of 1916
Blease received a plurality of 22,S4S
votes over Richard I. Manning, anc
it seemed probable that he would bc
elected, but Manning beat him in th?
second primary by a little less thar
In commenting on the 1916 elec
tion the News and Courier says:
"The records of the 1916 cam
paign will be of interest to many at
this time. There were four candi
dates and the vote stood:
"Blease 64,384; Cooper 31,305;
DesChamps 269; Manning 41,536.
"It will be seen that in a total of
137,801 Mr. Blease lacked only 4,
517 votes of having a clean majority
in the first primary. As stated, his
plurality over Governor Manning,
his nearest opponent, was 22,848.
, "There were a great many people
in that race who felt that Mr. Man
ning's re-election was hopeless. They
were mistaken, as the event proved.
In the second primary on September
12, 1916, Blease received 66,791, a
majority of 4,672. Blease gained on
ly 2,407 votes on his total in the
first primary while Manning gained
"With a full turnout of the elec
torate September 12, 1922, will re
peat the record of September . 12,
Vetch and Oats Make A Valu
able Feed Crop.
The whole face of the earth should
be covered with green crops next
winter, principally oats and hairy
vetch. Where the ground remains
frozen most of the winter, the nec
essity for green cover crops is not
nearly so great where there are
constant freezes and thaws and
many heavy rains during the winter
Green crops keep the land from
washing and leaching during our
long, mild, wet winters, and these
causes do five times as much to wear
out lands as all the crops ever re
-~*rat] from them. Nearly all of our
;eptiblej of washing, and
iry to have green crops
every foot of it at all
specially during the win
well as I oats should oc
ortant place in Southern
agriculture. Vetch is high in protein
content, is a good hay, pasture and
oiling crop, and its more general
growth would increase the fertility
of the soil, make the livestock indus
try more profitable, and remove
much of the existing necessity for
buying hay in certain distx*icts.
Vetch is a legume and improves
land by adding nitrogen and organic
matter to it. It grows through the
winter and spring, and may be har
vested in time to plant corn, sor
ghum, cowpeas, peanuts, sweet pota
toes, and sometimes cotton on the
same land. It should be used on prac
tically every farm to build up impov
erished soils and to Maintain the
productivity of the land.
September and October are the
months in which preparation should
be made for winter pasture and for
early hay crops.
Vetch is to be ranked above
crimson clover in that it is more cer
tain to afford a stand, somewhat
hardier both towards cold and to
ward heat and drouth, and especial
ly in the fact that under some of
the methods of treatment it can be
made to reseed the land. It has been
known to grow from volunteer seed
a number of years in succession on
land in which a plow had not been
entered for years.
Preparation of the Soil.
The preparation for vetch is the
same as that for oats--namely, plow
ing and harrowing while there is e
nough moisture in the ground to ob
viate cloddiness. As a rule, a sharp
disk harrow should be used ahead of
the plow to cut the vegetation into
short pieces and to pulverize the sur
face two or three inches of the soil.
It is also often necessary to use a
disk harrow after the plow to des
troy the clods. It is always advisable
to use a peg tooth harrow to put on
the finishing touches.
For maximum yield and ease in
handling the hay, oats or some other
small grain crop should be planted
with vetch. As oats make the best
hay when cut in the dough stage, the
variety of oats planted should be
governed to a certain extent by the
time it is desired to cut the vetch.
When planted for pasture, hairy
vetch does well with any variety of.
oats or with any small grain.
The best reesults are secured by
planting oats and hairy vetch from
September 1 to November!.. If the
vetch gets well started and is inoc
ulated there is little danger from hot
or dry weather in the fall, but it
should have time to become fairly
well rooted before cold weather sets
in. Late fall planted vetch suffers
from dry weather in the spring much
more than the early fall planted and
better rooted vetch- Vetch may be
planted in cotton after any picking.
Twenty to thirty pounds of hairy
vetch seed and from one to two
bushels of oats per acre are usually
sowed. Just simply mix the seed in
the right proportions and seed with
a grain drill. v
Inoculating for Vetch
On land that has never grown
vetch, the best results are obtained
by inoculation. Soil from spots where jj
narrow-leaved vetch has grown will
inoculate for' all kinds of vetch.
Soil for inoculation can be used to
a depth of six or eight inches. It .
should be protected from the sunlig1*4
as niuch as possible while it is being
transferred from one field to anoth
er, and should be worked in with a
harrow or drag, as soon as applied.
As the direct rays of the sun kill the
bacteria, better results are usually
obtained if the transfer is made on
cloudy day, early in the morning or.
late in the evening. Soil containing
a good supply of organic matter is
best, as it nearly always contains the
most bacteria. No soil should be used
unless the growth of vetch on it has
been luxuriant. Two hundred pounds
of the proper kind of soil may be e
nough for one acre, although the
chances of success are better with
larger quantities. If the soil is con
venient, a ton per acre should be
Vetch does not grow very much
during the winter and for that rea
son does not afford much pasture
in the Upper South, but it comes
with a rush in the early spring.. Hor
ses, cattle, sheep, hogs, and other
livestock are fond of it and do weil
on it. While it is primarily a hay and
soil improving crop, .it is valuable
for pasture early in the spring.
The vetch and oats ripen about
the same time and should be cut for
hay when both are in the heavy
dough stage. Of course the oats and
hay may be allowed to ripen and be
cut for feed or threshed for seed.
The ordinary grain thresher removes
the vetch as well as the oats from
the straw. The oat and vetch straw*1
when threshed makes a very valuable
When the vetch is allowed to ripen
well, you are able to save a mixture
of oat and vetch seed to sell .and at
the same time enough will be shat
tered to get a good cover crop for
the coming winter. If enough of the
oats do not shatter to reseed thr
land, the land may be seeded to oat
seed alone in the fall and the oat
and vetch seed will come up togeth
For improving soil and for graz
ing, vet^h does not need oats to sup
port it. When planted for hay, hairy
vetch needs a grain crop to hold it
off the ground, as it 'then makes a
much better yield, and is much more
Vetch will grow on almost any
kind of soil. It grows successfully on
sand, loam, clay, black land or even
pine clay.-Progressive Farmer.
Twelve Health Rules.
The country is supposed to have
been observing "Chiropractic Week."
That fact may have passed unno
ticed by many people, owing to the
rather monotonous way in which one
"week" leads to another, The public,
too, has smaller interest in this new
system than it has in some other
subjects of celebration. Nevertheless
it is worth while to note the twelve
rules set forth by chiropractors.
1. -Keep all your nerves free from
2. -Learn how to breath.
3. -Eat lightly.
4. -Learn how to u*e water, inward
ly and outwardly.
5. -Learn how to exercise.
6. -Study preventive science.
7. -Learn the science of rigat think
8. -Smile and be optomistic.
9. -Conserve your nervous energy.
10. -Sleep at least eight hours out
of every twenty-four.
11. -Take no drugs into your body.
12. -Do not trust your health to
Nearly all these -"'es instantly
commend themselves to intelligent
people, although ordinary medical
practitioners and most laymen will
object that the first and eleventh
are unduly emphasized.-Sumter 1
?R.KIN?'S NEW OBS CO VE kt I
Viii Surely Sfoa Thai CQUI&V
South Carolina Sends Ten Young 1
Missionaries to Foreign Fields
Miss Faith M. Snuggs (1), born or missionary parents in Hong Kong, China, but who has made Greenville, S. C., hef
home during her American residence while obtaining her education, wbo^now goes to Pakhoi, South China, for
missionary work; H. H. Snuggs (2), born of missionary parents on the Island of Singapore, Straits Settlement, but
who has been educated in South Carolina, and who leaves Bailey Military Institute, Greenwood, to do educational
work at Pakhoi, South China; Rev. John T. Littlejohn (3), Scranton, who will do evangelistic work at Tsi-ning?
China; Mrs. John T. Littlejohn (4), Scranton, who will be associated with her husband in China; Miss Mary ?V
Lawton (5), Greenville, likewise born of missionary parents in China, but educated in this country, who return?'
to do educational work at Hwang Hsien, China; Mr. and Mrs. J. Wash Watts and young son (6), of Laurena,
who will sail in the early fall for missionary work in Palestine; William Earl Hines (7), Spartanburg, who will
supervise all the architectural work of the Foreign Mission Board in China; Rev. T. B. Stover (8), Heath Springs,
who will do Sunday School work in Brazil, with headquarters at Rio; Rev. J. A. Tumblin (9), Laurens, who' will'
do .general missionary work at Pernambuco, Brazil; Admiral Liner President Jackson (10), on which missionariea
for Orient departed from Seattle Sept. 2. itt^a?ortto MM I \
WITH the sending out this season
of fifty new missionaries by the
Foreign Mission Board of the
Southern Baptist Convention, 250 new
workers have been sent to foreign
fields during the 75 Million Campaign,
.or one-half the goal that was set in
the number of workers to be provided
during that movement. It is antici
pated the remaining 250 will go out
during the remainder of the Campaign
period that will expire in December,
1924. The workers going out this sea
son will enter the fields of China, Ja
*pan, Africa, Palestine, Brazil, Argen
tina, Ur.guay, Chile and Mexico.
Inasmuch as the largest missionary
effort of the denomination is centered
in the Orient, the larger portion of tho
workers sailed from Seattle Saturday,
September 2, on the Admiral Liner
President Jackson for stations in
China and Japan. The missionaries
for fields on other continents sail
from New York on various lines and
some of them will not depart until
Varied Types Workers Sent
Included in the list of missionaries
ar* preachers and evangelists, teach
ers, doctors, nurses, one architect, one
expert in domestic science, and spe
! cial workers among women and chil
dren. William Earle Hines of Spartan
burg, S. C., who goes to Shanghai to
sjjlparvise the construction of all mis-!
Briary buildings in China, enjoys the ]
Woman Vote Largely Respon- . i
An analysis' of the vote cast in <
Tuesday's primary shows that the
women vote was largely responsible ^
for the McLeod vote at the Green
wood city boxes. This is based on
the comparative enrollment figures
and the large number of women vo- 1
ters who cast their ballots all day .
Tuesday. Some estimate the per (
centage of the women vote as high
as 40 per cent. Many of the ladies
did not take much stock in suffrage
when the 19th. amendment was pas
sed, but once a law, and being law
abiding citizens, they saw their duty
and did it. The analysis of the en
rollment books shows further that
very few country women enrolled.
This may have been due more to the
inaccessibility of the books than a
lack of interest. The vote at some of
the country boxes was no larger, and
in some cases smaller, than two years
The woman vote is going to play
a big part in the second primary
also- They voted in the first primary
;they are going to vote in the second.
-Greenwood Index Journal.
Farm life must be pretty good,
after all, and farmers must be a
pretty good lot of men. There is no
other conclusion possible from the
results of a questionaire sent out
by a western farm magazine. Of
many thousand women, more than
90 percent declare they would rath
er have their daughters marry far
mers than city men.
And why do they like farm life,
distinction of being the first architect
ever sent out by the Foreign Mission
Board, and bis appointment indicates
the vast extent of the Southern Bap
tist work in that country. More than
half of the total number of mission
aries in the employ of this board are
located in China, where the results of
their labors are very gratifying to the
officers of the Board.
Large interest centers, also, in the
launching of an intensive missionary
work in Palestine, to which country
there go Rev. and Mrs. Fred Bunyan
Pearson of Moulton, Ala., and Rev. and
Mrs. J. Wash Watts, of Laurens, S. C.
Some native missionaries are already
at work in Palestine, and the outlook
there is considered very encouraging,
despite the present complicated politi
cal and racial controversies.
Campaign Brings Enlargement
In addition to the sending out of 250
new workers to foreign fields the 75
Million Campaign has made lt possible
to increase the number of native
workers from 771 to 1172, to practical
ly double the missionary equipment in
the older fields of China, Japan, Af
rica, Italy, Brazil, Argentine, Chile,
Uruguay .and Mexico* and to enter the
new fields of Spain, Jugo-Siavia, Hun
gary, Roumania, Southern Russia, Pal
estine and Siberia. Southern Baptists
now have a practically unbroken
string of mission fields encircling the
globe, and a possible mission audience
for themselves and their daughters?
?ere are some of the principal reas
The farm makes better husbands
:han the city, they ssy, and better
?eighbors. ( ]
It teaches children the value of i
Consult Your Own Intel
Roofing Metal c
635 Broad St.
of 900,000,000 people, or one-naif ta?
total population of the globe.
And the results on the field havf
kept pace with' the larger Investment
in the work and number of workers*
Since the outset of the Campaign tho
Foreign Mission Board reports the or
ganization of 117 new churches, 21,72S
baptisms, 211 new Sunday schools
with a gain of 17,676 pupils, native
contributions to Baptist work of $1.
003,390.68, and 529,642 treatments ad
ministered by missionary physicians.
Churches on the foreign fields, exclu
sive of the new territory in Europe
and the Near East, now number 623
with 64,251 members. There are alao
971 Sunday schools with 53,691 pupils,
and 694 mission schools of all grades
with 26,507 students. .
Expense Rate I? Low
More than $6,250,000 net has gone
from the Campaign into foreign mis
sion work, and so economically hare
these funds been handled, the Board
reports, that 96.24 cents out of efery
dollar has actually reached the (for
eign fields, only 3.74 cents out of each
dollar being required to care for th?
total cost of administration. But with
these larger receipts and economical
administration the Board is unaMo to
meet the demands upon it, and at Us
last annual meeting lt was compelled
to reduce the requests of the mission
aries on the field for appropriations
by more than $1,000,000. '
It is more healthful for every
body, especially growing children.
It affords the rare satisfaction of .
working with nature's forces.
The farmer and his wife are part
ners, in a way that city couples sel- ?
dom are, and it is good for both of
rest by Consulting Us