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title: 'Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, September 20, 1922, Page TWO, Image 4',
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Citadel Moves to New Plant.
Charleston, Sept. 16.-The Citadel
will open at its splendid new plant
at Hampton Park September 20?
when the older cadets will report for
This opening marks a new era in
the ^history of this famous institu
tion. Founded in 1842, and modelled
upon the military system in vogue
at West Point, the institution has
found through all its fruitful years,
a high utility in its discipline as a
training for citizenship no less than
as a school of the soldier. The first
period of its history was brought to
a close in 1865, when the Federal
forces occupied Charleston and the
Confederate state fell. Of the grad
uates of this first period, the records
. show that 86 per cent were in the
service of the Confederacy, and 43
gave their lives for the cause. The
buildings were occupied by United
States troops from 1865 until 1882,
when Congress ordered the return
of the property to the sts.te, and it
was reopened as a military colleg?.
The 40 years from 1842 to 1882
marks the first period of Citadel his
Covers Equal Period.
By a striking coincidence, the sec
ond period covers exactly the same ^
number of years-40-1882-1922. ,
Durnig this second period, the insti- .
tution has grown in usefulness, in
jluence and in numbers. It enlarged j
its borders at Marion square until fi- r
nally it covered all the available
property of the state-taking over ? (
the city guard house property in I ^
1908, adding a fourth story to thejt
main building in 1910 and building ?
the Meeting street extension the next
year. When the World War began, ^
even. these large facilities were en- r
tirely inadequate to accommodate x
the students who desired to combine
military training with their academic
studies. In these years 100 per cent
of the graduates went into the armed
forces of the United States and the
first South Carolinian to fall in 0
France was Lieut. John H. David, a
graduate of the Citadel in the? class
of 1914. Of the 20 classes graduated '
in the years preceding the World a
War, 53 per cent were in the United
States service. The actual number a
was about,325, of whom about 130 11
were in the American Expeditionary s
Force. Of these latter, six were kill- *?
ed in action and 16 others wounded. ?
The second 40 year period of the
occupation of its new plant at a
Hampton Park September 20. Visi- s
tors to Charleston who have inspec- a
ted the plant, have expressed not t
only admiration but wonder at the c
size and equipment of the buildings v
and the beauty of the grounds, and
s?y without hesitation that it is one j
of the most complete and attractive i
college plants in the South. c
About three years ago, the move- t
ment for a greater Citadel was inau- f
gurated by alumni and friends of j
the Citadel who approached the City ?
Council of Charleston on the project, c
with the result that the City of a
Charlest?n offered the State of South
Carolina the beautiful tract of land ]
adjacent to Hampton Park, and lying c
on the banks pf the Ashley river. s
This tract contains over 75 acres of
highland and includes also a wide
stretch of marshland of a hundred
acres out to the river. There is a .
natural growth of fine old live oaks
on the edge of the highland, and an
a#enue of well grown sycamore trees
whch were planted a number of years
ago as a part of the park system.
When it is considered that this tract
is not remote from the city, nor even
in the suburbs, but well within the ^
corporate limits, it can readily be ap- *
preciated that its value may well ap- 1
proximate half a million dollars. r
The legislature of 1920 accepted ?
the offer of the City of Charleston *
and in thai year and the following *
appropriated $300,000 and authoriz- 2
ed a further loan of $500,000 for. the 1
purpose of erecting the necessary ?
The Board of Visitors promptly I
took measure to carry out the pro
ject. They engaged the firm of I
Lockwood, Greene & Company of 1
Boston as engineers and architects, s
with whom was associated the emi- r
nent firm of Shattuck & Cooledge as *
consulting architects. The chairman c
of the board appointed a building *
committee consisting of three mern- s
hers, John P. Thomas of Charleston, t
chairman; Col. James G. Padgett of r
Walterboro and Col. James H. Ham
mond of Columbia. The firm of con- 1
tractors was the Charleston Engi- Y
neering and Contracting Company, s
The corner stone of the Greater \
Ctadel was laid with Masonic cere- s
.jnonies on Thanksgiving day, 1920, j (
since which time the work of con
struction ha sgone forward continu
ously to the present time. Monday,
September 18, the public will be in
vited to visit the plant and make an
insp?ction of all the buildings and
join in the house warming of the
military college as it enters its new
Furman Has an Auspicious
Greenville, Sept. 16.-With an en
rollment fully up to expectations, the
1922-23 session of Furman Univer
sity got under way Thursday morn
ing. With several students yet to be
matriculated, it is believed that the
attendance will finally come up to
last year's figures, which were 416,
the largest in the history of the in
stitution. One gratifying feature of
the enrollment is that a wider distri
bution of students over the state is
shown. Every county except two
Beaufort and Lexington-is repre
sented in the student body. Several
states and one foreign country are
also represented. The enrollment
from North Carolina alone is more
rhari a dozen.
Important announcements made
it the opening exercises were that
;he James C. Furman Hall of Science,
vhich was badly damaged by fire last
Fuly, will be ready for use by Christ
nas and that a portion of it will be
n use within two weeks; that the
lew $80,000 gymnasium will be com
peted before Christmas; that the
:ollege opens for the first time this
all a modern, steam laundry for the
ise of the student body; a change in
he management of the library: the
tddition of three new professors to
he faculty; and the creating of two
lew courses and addition of other
eatures in the college curriculum.
The new professors are: A. M. Ar
iett, Ph. D., Columbia University,
lead of the department of history;
I. I. Allen, M. A., of the University
if Georgia, assistant professor of
ihysies; and John L. Plyler, alumnus
if Furman and graduate of the Har- :
ard Law School, who will be assist
.nt in the department of law.
Succeeding Miss Alberta Malone
s librarian is Miss Eva Wrigley, f or
nerly librarian at Emory Univer
ity. She will be assisted by Miss
sottie Clossland, of Lake City, a
raduate of Coker College.
A new course in biology is to be
.uueu a director or music. Mr. Jud
on Te?gue, an alumnus of- Furmaan
nd a professional musician, will
lave charge if the training of the
ollege glee club, band, orchestra and
viii give instruction in piano.
The freshman class is particularly
?leasing to the uinversity authorities,
t being readily admitted that this is,
?n the whole, the finest set of men
hat has ever been matriculated at
Gurman. They are more mature than
>revious first year men, and the
freat majority of them are graduates
if 11th grade and recognized prepar
"There is every indication," stated
'resident McGlothlin, "that we are
roing to have a remarkably fine ses
i?n at Furman this year."
Georgia's New Governor.
Cliff Walker, who last week de
bated Hardwick in the race for Gov
ernor of Georgia, has ailready had
juite an active career in public life,
md his experience should be of great
lid to him in administering the af
airs of the Cracker State.
His first public office was in 1902,
vhen he was elected mayor of his
tome town, Monroe. After serving
n this office for three years, he was
lamed solicitor general of the west
irn circuit of the state, remaining
bree years in this capacity. In 1924,
ie was elected attorney general with
i popular majority ,of 65,606 votes.
Ie was defeated fdr governor in
.920 by Mr. Hardwick in the run-off
jrimary between himself and the.
We are told that Mr. Walker has
lot only taken an active part in po
itical and civic activities of his
tate, but is a prominent Baptist lay
n?n and ardent religious worker. He
las also been interested in a number
if educational activities, having been
?amed a trustee of Mercer univer
lity and of Shorter college, and has
aken part in many educational
During his career at the university
dr. Walker distinguished himself for
lis scholarship and for his literary
md oratorical accomplishments. He
von five medals through his ability
is a writer, speaker and student.
Sculptor Ready to Cut Into
Stone Mountain, Ga*
Decatur, Ga., Gutzon Borglum,
the American sculptor, soon will be
gin cutting a stupendous memo..'"'
to the Southern Confederacy in the
solid granite side of Stone Mountain,
near Atlanta, Ga. ,
The work, costing about 2 million
dollars, will show the Confederate
armies moving across the face of the
mountain. Nearly a thousand figures
will be cut into the stone, those of
Lee, Jackson and other leading offi
cers being more than fifty feet in
height and in full relief. It will re
quire about eight years to complete
Pneumatic chisels will be used ex
clusively for carving the figures into
the stone. An air compressor will be
located on the summit of the moun
tain. The carving will be done from
a car suspended from a steel cable
and moved from placent- place Tatong
the face of the mountain as the work
Cliff 'is 787 Feet High.
The perpendicular cliff upon which
the figures will be cut is 787 feet in
height. There is only one work of
man higher than this, the Eiffel tow
er of France, which is 985 feeffl#gh,
but compared with Stone Mountain
is a mere needle, lacking both beauty
and endurance. The largest of^he
pyramids is 451 feet in height and
the Sphinx only sixty-five feet. The
height of the Washington is 555 feet.
The frieze containing the figures
will be nearly half a mile long and
three hundred to four hundred feet
above the ground. The larger figures
will be in full relief-at places the
stone will be cut to a depth of eight
feet-and some of them more than
fifty feet in height. Infantry, caval
ry and artillery will be represented.
In preparation of this work all
the available pictures of Confederate
leaders were studied and no pains
were spared in the effort to make
the figures as true to life as possible.
The features of Lee, Jackson, John
son and some others may be recog
nized for a distance of two or three
miles from the mountain, it is said.
An Army on the March.
The figures, when completed, will
appear to be moving across the sur
face of the mountain rather than
resting against its side. The effect
under proper light and at the correct
distance will be that of a great, gray
tne uimeu uaugincia ui mt; uoniea
eracy for the storage of their doc
uments and mementoes of the Civil
War and as a meeting place.
Confederate Park is at the foot of
the mountain, and will serve as an
entrance to the memorial hall. Sev
eral hundred acres, most of them
densely wooded have been set aside
and are being parked for walks,
drives, ' a small lake and other em
bellishments appropriate to the
An Addition to Southern
The literature of the South has
had a valuable and intersting addi
tion in the publication of "The Black
Border," by Ambrose E. Gonzales, of
Columbia. The book is a collection of
gullah stories, which delineate ad
mirably and truthfully jthe coast
country negro, his dialect, his char
acter and the rich humor of his leg
ends and beliefs.
A number of thp stories were
published by Mr. Gonzales in The
(Columbia) StaAe, of which news
paper he is the head; others were
added in the volume which has just
appeared. The title of the column is
made clear by an outline map of
South Carolina, showing a heavy
black border running from the Sa
vannah river past Beaufort .and
Charleston to Georgetown, the home
of the "gullah" negro.
The book we believe, will be found
to have a value beyond its literary
and historical interest. Those who
are interested in tracing the relation
ship of the human races back beyond
the period where written history be
gins, will doubtless find in these leg
ends and beliefs of the coast negro,
a common ground of connection with
the ancient history of other tribes of
the world, as was the case in that
other celebrated Southern book,
"Uncle Remus," by Joel Chandler
Harris. The origin of the negro race
is shrouded in mystery, and their
traditions of the present day in many
cases, have been found to date back
many centuries to the childhood
days of the race.-Greenville News.
ELECTRIC THE BEST TOMC>
UM ? Laxative
-111 LUD Family Medicine,
Greenwood Jury Finds One
Greenwood, Sept. 17.-After de
liberating 16 1-2 hours the jury in
che case of R. Clayton Underwood
and Berry B. Hughes, charged with
the murder of Oscar Mitchell, Green
wood baseball player, reported to
Judge H. F. Rice this morning at 10
o'clock that they had agreed on a
verdict of guilty of murder in the
first degree, with recommendation to
mercy, in the case of Underwood,
but they could not agree on Hughes.
Judge Rice then ordered a mis
trial in Hughes' case.
In imposing the life sentence car
ried by the verdict, Judge Rice pro
nounced a warning gaainst the influ
ence of liquor. Underwood received
the sentence without a tremor but
his wife who had shown no emotion
throughout the trial burst into tears.
A motion for a new trial was over
ruled by Judge Rice and he again re
fused to direct a verdict of not guil
ty for Hughes. Bail for Hughes was
fixed at $5,000.
The life sentence for Underwood
was the first sentence ever pronounc
ed in tis county on Sunday and one
of the few on record in this state.
The trial of the two men consumed
three days, during which time hun
dreds packed the court house to hear
the trial of a case that had aroused
Oscar Mitchell, Greenwood second
baseman, was shot to death by Un
derwood in front of Underwood's
J father's bearding house August 8.
I Underwood claimed that Mitchell had
made an attack on his wife. The
state introduced evidence to disprove
the attac1. story.
A GOOD FRIEND.
A good friend stands by you when
in need. Edgefield people tell how
Doan's Kidney Pills have stood the
test. T. J. Paul, of Jeter St., P. 0.
Box 176 endorsed Doan's seven years
ago and again confirms the story.
Could you ask for more convincing
"My trouble was brought on by be
ing on my feet continually," says Mr.
Paul. "I had a dull pain in my back
and tired easily. My back was sore
and stiff when I was on my feet long.
My rest -was often broken at night,
my kidneys acted so freely. I pro
cured Doan's Kidney Pills at Hol
stein's Drug Store and they cured
jue of the trouble." ( Statement giv
Co., Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y.
Bible Thoughts for
REVERE THE CREATOR :
Thou art worthy, 0 Lord, to re
ceive glory and honour and power-:
for thou hast created all things,
and for thy pleasure they are and
were created.-Revelation 4: ll.
LORD SEES ALL :-For the eyes
of the Lord run to and fro through
out the whole earth to show him
self strong in behalf of those whose
JiearC is perfect toward him.-2
Chronicles 16: 9.
WHERE IS YOUR TREASURE?
-Where your treasure ls, there
will your heart be also.-Matthew
SOURCE OF TRUE HELP:-My
help cometh from the Lord, which
made heaven and earth.-Psalm
121: 2 .
LIVE RIGHT TO-DAY :-Boast
not thyself of to-morrow; for thou
knowest not what a day may bring
forth.-Proverbs 27: 1.
SURE/ GUIDANCE :-In all thy
ways acknowledge him, and he
shall direct thy paths.-Proverbs
3: 6. *
SAFETY WHILE ASLEEP :-I
will both lay me down in peace,
and sleep : for thou, Lord, only
makest me dwell In safety.-Psalm
4: 8. ;
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MISTS,
Edgefield. S. C.
The Best Hot Weather Tonic.
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC enriches thc
Dlood, builds up the 'whole system sod will ivor:
der?ully strenet_?n aqd fortify you to withstand
the depressing effect of the bot summer. 50c.
Whether you have a large commercial Hock of
poultry or only a few hens in your back yard for
family egg production you can make them get busy
at once Ly feeding
Happy Hen Buttermilk Mash
and Manna Hen Scratch Feed
A month's trial of these famous poultry feeds will
make you exclaim with hundreds of other poultry
raisers, "They are the best feeds for my egg makers.
Your hens will be healthier and you'll get more
eggs than ever before because these
feeds contain the vitamines, proteins
and minerals necessary to make the
whites, yolks and shells.
Happy Feeds are made by Edgar-Morgan
Company of Memphis-the largest feed millers
in the South. These feeds are packed in 8,
50 and 100-pound bags.
It will pay you to start today and feed your poultry Happy
Feeds. Phone us for prices and advice on poultry raising.
. Edgefield Mercantile Co.,
Edgefield, S. C.
We have justfreceived a large shipment of the cele
brated HOOD Tires, all sizes. When you need an
auto or truck tire call on us.
PRICES VERY REASONABLE
ROUND TRIP IDENTIFICATION PLAN
One and one half fares for round trip.
ATLANTA, GA., American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages,
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., American Gas Association, October
CHATTANOOGA, TENN., Southern Medical Association, No
DETRIOT, MICH., Sovereign Grand Lodge I. 0. 0. F., Sep
DETRIOT, MICH., Radiological Society of North America,
December 4-8. . .
HOUSTON, TEXAS, Annual Convention Laundry Owners Na
tional Asseciation, October 2-7.
NEW ORLEANS, LA., Grain Dealers National Association, Oc
IDENTIFICATION CERTIFICATE PLAN
One fare going one-half fare returning.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., National Association Cost Account
ants, September 23-28.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. National Association Stationers and
Manufacturers, U. S. A., October 9-14.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., Casket Manufacturers Association of
America, October 18-20.
BALTIMORE, MD., Woman's Foreign Missionary Society M.
E. Church, October 24-November 1st.
BOSTON, MASS., American Association for the Advancement
of Science, December 26-30.
BLUE RIDGE, N. C., (R. R. Sta. Black Mountain) Boys Scouts
of America, September 12-19.
CHICAGO, ILL., National Spiritualist Association, U. S. A. An
nual Convention, October 16-21. '
CINCINNATI, O., National Council of Traveling Salesmen As
sociation, October 9-11.
DETRIOT, MICH., Annual Meeting Prison Association, Octo
LOUISVILLE, KY., The National Exchange Club, September
LOUISVILLE, KY., International Federation of Catholic Alum
nae, October 26-November 2nd. v
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., National Tax Association, Septem
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., Annual Meeting American Academy
of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngelogy, September 18-25.
NEW ORLEANS, LA., Southern Association of Ice Cream
Manufacturers Annual Convention, December 5-7.
For further information call on nearest Ticket Agent or com
municate with ,
R. S. BROWN, District Passenger Agent,
741 Broad St., Augusta Ga.
J. A. TOWNSEND, Ticket Agent, Edgefield, S. C.