Newspaper Page Text
Farmers Must Prosper as W,ell
In an address at Frankfort, In
diana, October 21, 1922, Secretary of
Agriculture Wallace said:
"The presnt administration be
lieves we have got to have a prosper
ous agriculture as well as a produc
tive agriculture. Prices for farm
products which are below the actual
cost of production may for a time
seem to be a good thing for the peo
ple in cities. In the end the result is
bad for everybody. Unless agricul
ture is prosperous it can not con
tinue to produce at a loss. The young
men will leave the farm and go to the
cities. Just now the people of the
United States seem willing to pay
more for work in the cities and in
dustrial centers than on the farms.
Almost the lowest-paid laborers are
getting higher wages than skilled
farm hands, and more than many men
who own their farms. If this con
tinues more and more farmers will
go to the towns and cities. No one
can blame them for this, but it will
result in reduced agricultural pro
duction. After a time the prices of
products will be so high that people
in cities will suffer. It is just as bad
for the nation to have prices too high
as to have prices too low. There must
be a fair relationship between prices
of things the farmer has to sell and
prices of thing she has to buy. There
must be a fair relationship between
wages on the farm and wages in the
city. That is the only way we can
have a well-balanced national life.
"The administration, from the
president down, realizes the danger
of the present situation. Congress
realizes it. Congress 'has passed a
number of laws designated to help
the farmer improve his condition.
Government administrative agencies
are working along the same line. We
have been reorganizing the work of
the Department of Agriculture, to
some extent. Heretofore i:he empha
sis has been put on showing farmers
how to produce more. That is right
and proper. But we propose to put
the same emphasis on helping far- J
mers get fair prices for their crops 1
by adjusting their production to the
probable demand and by better meth- 11
ods sf marketing. We have reorganiz- 1
ed the economic work fo the Depart- 1
ment. We have men in Europe seek- *
ing for' new outlets and larger out- '
lets for our surplus crops. We are
studying changing business condi
tions as .they are likely to influ
ence the demand for farm crops, so 3
that we can tell farmers about what 1
they may expect. We are carefully ]
noting production in agricultural i
counties which compete with us. We T
are improving our methods of esti- i
mating our own crops and livestock J
production. We hope to be able to re- i
port more accurately the number of
hogs and cattle and sheep that are
grown each year, so that they can
be a better balance between our ,
grain crops and our livestock, and in
this way hepl our people avoid both
overproduction and underproduction.
"Congress has been back of us in
all this. Congress has given us in
creased money for work of this sort.
Congressmen agree with us that we j
must have a prosperous as well as a j
productive agriculture."-Farm and
Doctors and Lawyers. t
There are probably more lawyers j
in the world than any other class of
people, except doctors. These two j
professions lead the world in unm
bers. However, only very small per j
cent of doctors and lawyers are li- ,
censed to practice. ^ j
The next time you have a bad cold,
an ache in your body, or any other <
ailment, mention this ailment to the
friends you come in contact with and <
nearly veery one of them will pre
scribe some remedy. A large majori- j
ty of the people are doctors.
Then during court week discuss j
with friends some important law suit
or trial w?iich is being tried or which <
has just been tried and you'll be sur
prised at the number of your friends \
who are lawyers.
It takes considerable study to be
a success in any profession or trade,
and it is a lamentable fact that a '>
great many people neglect their chos
en professions in order to dabble in J
"Stick to your bush."-Pickens '
Sentinel. ' ]
Half Million From Gas Tax.
The two cent a gallon tax on gaso- :
line in South Carolina has brought in ,
a total of $524,166.90 so far, includ
ing figures through September 30,
the tax commission announced yes
terday. The amount collected in Sep
tember was payable by October 20
and the figure given out for the
month's collection was practically
complete only one or two delinquents
The collection to date has been
/ ; -
Tractors on Southern Farms.?
A canvass, which was made in the
spring of 1921 among 648 tractor
owners in Alabama, Georgia, North
and South Carolina, a.nd Tennessee,
all of whom had bought their trac
tors new between March, 1918 and
September 192?, indicates that trac
tors can be used profitably on many
southern farms. The ?results of the
inquiry are given in Farmers Bulle
tin 1278, Tractors on Southern
The bulletin is designed to be of
service-to southern farmers who are
contemplating the purchase of trac
tors. The experience of present own
ers is summarized with reference to
the advantages and disadvantages in
their use; the size now used on,farms
of varying acreage and the sizes
they believe would be the most suit
able for their conditions; estimates
for the probable life of their trac
tors, cost of operating; the kind,
quality, and quantity of work, as
well as other related information.
A noticeable feature concerning
the farms reporting is their large
size as compared with other farms in
the same state, more than 90 per
cent of them being larger than the
average for that section. The aver
age size of the 684 farms is 290
acres, while the 1920 census gives
the average size of all farms in
these states as about 75 acres. As
would be expected, corn and cotton
are the principal crops.
Most of the tractors reported on
were pulling either two or three
plows. Of the total number, 2 per
:ent were one-plow size, 76 per cent
were two-plow, 20 per cent were
bhree-plow, and 2 per cent were four
plow. The size of tractor that they
jelieve. best for their conditions was
reported hy 611 of the owners. Two
per cent of this number preferred
;he one-plow size, 66 per cent the
rwo-plow, 29 per cent the three-plow
md 3 per ecnt favored the four-plow
ir larger. ^
The saving of time and labor made
possible by the use of the tractor
,vas given by nearly half the owners
is their answer to the question of
vhat they considered its greatest ad
vantages. Other replies were better
vork,- relieving the horses of hard
abor, reduction of expenses, and the
jest work possible.
Seed Corn Pointers.
Clemson College, Oct. 30.-Doubt
ess many farmers" have not yet se
ected seed corn for next year's
slanting says P. EL Senn, Extension
Specialist in Plant Breeding, who
irges that no time be lost now in
naking selections and gives the fol
owing pointers on selection and stor
ng of the seed.
1. In the field.
2. Ears that conform to variety
3. Ears from disease-free stalks.
4. Ears which appear at the
proper height on normally matured
nedium size stalks that stand up
5. Eacs with the shuck project
ng well over the end to aid in pro
action against weevils and other
6. Ears with shanks of moderate
size and length so that ends of ma
mre ears turn downward and are
protected from weather injury.
7. Ears wth kernels of bright,
8. Ears of normal size with ker
lels that are keystone or wedge
shape, long . and deep and uniform
9. Ears with kernels closetogeth
?T in rows.
10. Ears with rows straight and
11. Ears cylindrical in shape, ta
pering slightly from butt to tip.
12. Ears with butts and tips well
13. Ears free from weevil, dis
ease or weather damage.
14. If a prolific corn, ears from
stalks producing more than one ear.
1. In a dry well ventilated
2. Away from rats and other
3. In bins, boxes or barrels that
are tightly constructed so as to per
mit successful fumigation.
4. Fumigate with carbon bi-sul
distributed by months as follows:
March,. $67,838^5.0; Aprjl $74,
764.71; May $73,575.33; June, $72,
388.20; July, $76,360.24; August,
81,544.40; September, $77,695.52.
In connection with the figures the
commission announced that the Con
sumers' Oil company of Pamplico
had for five months been the first to
report each month to the commis
What Texas Says About D
straying Cotton Stalks.
Clemson College, Nov. 6.-1
Extension Service of Clemson Colli
has been preaching the fall and w
ter clean-up of cotton fields and
bernating places of the boll wee
as one of the most effective me
uses of weevil control. To show tl
this is advocated and practiced
Texas, the greatest cotton-produci
state, the following article is quot
from the Texas Extension Servi
Present conditions in South Cai
lina favor such a clean-up, for
all parts of the state cotton picki:
is already practically completed, a:
farmers can tum attention to sta
destruction. The earlier the clean-i
the more effective will be the wee1
Read These Twenty Statements
1. Weevil infestation, in sprin
starts from the few weevils that pa
2. The weevils, developing late
the fall, are the ones most likely
survive the winter.
4. Great numbers successfully pa
the winter in Spanish moss and :
dead grass along fences, ditches ar
other waste places.
5. The weevil eats only cotton.
6. The weevil breeds only i
squares and bolls.
7. The weevil can live for sever
months without food while hiberna
ing and inactive.
8. It does not become inactive ui
til the first killing frost.
9. Previous to the first killin
frosts, it can live for only about si
days without food.
10. Killing cotton growth earl
prevents new . weevils breeding an
permits only the older ones to er
11. Very few of these older weevil
have sufficient vitality to pass th
12. Killing cotton growth early re
moves the food of the weevil. If th
growth of cotton is entirely kille
as early as two weeks before frosts
practically all weevils will starve be
fore going into winter quarters..
13. Destroy cotton growth early
if possible by October 1.
14. More chopping or clipping th
stalkks will not answer, the stump:
will throw out a new growth idea
for weevil food.
15. Kill the plant entirely and pre
vent new growth by setting a plov
shallow and turning out the plants
or by some equally effective means
16. Do not burn crop refuse on th(
fields. Texas farms need this return'
ed to the soil humus Merely killinf
the plants as suggested in No. 15:
will, in most cases, secure the bene>
fit aimed at.
17. Burn the trash along fences
ditches and other such waste places
in mid-winter, and thus destroy the
individuals hibernating there (see
Nos. 4 and 16).
18. A farmer cannot prevent wee
vils coming to his cotton in the spring
that another person has wintered.
19. Big things are accomplished
only by cooperation.
20. Organize a whole community
for the fight.
Americans Flock to Paris for
Paris, Nov. 5.-Paris is on the eve
of ousting New York as winter head
quarters for society, judging from
the long list of "blue book" arrivals
recently. "The European habit" is
responsible for many of New York's
"smartest set" establishing fully
equipped homes in Paris to which
they can dash whenever Fifth ave
nue fails to satisfy.
Never in its history was Paris so'
full of really prominent Americans
at this time of the year.
The J. C. Corrigans have abandon
ed their India tour and are returning
to Paris where they will be joined by
Mrs. Armstrong Taylor, who is enter
taining lavishly at the Ritz. Mrs.
Claus A. Spreckles awaits the arrival
of her daughter, Mrs. Spencer Eddy,
before moving to her new home in
the Pyrenes. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Minot have succumbed to the lure of
the Riviera. Mrs. Seth Barton Frasch
and the George Goulds, Mrs. Kerman
Frasch, the Anthony Drexels and
others are going south at an early
Mr. and Mrs. Corneflius Vanderbilt
are-expected back here soon, as are
the Cortlandt Bishops, the Vincent
Astors and Mrs. Alfred Scheidelbach.
Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Fresh eel of
Boston have arrived here after a 5,
000 mile automobile trip. Mrs. Whit
ney Warren has gone to Cannes. Mrs.
Oakley Wood is waiting in Paris for
the first snows permitting winter
sports to commence at St. Moritz, af
ter which she will go to the Riviera.
Woman, Voiceless for Five
Months, Recovers Follow
ing Her Daughter's
Abbeville, S. C. Oct. 29.-The
days of miracles are not passed. Five
months ago, Mrs. C. B. Womansky,
of Abbeville, suddenly and without
the least warning, lost her voice,
medical advice was sought from lo
cal doctors and then specialists from
a distance were consulted. Nothing
seemed to do any *good, and for five
weary months communications with
pencil and pad was the best that
could be done.
Arrangements were being made
for Mrs. Womansky to leave Satur
day for Spartanburg to have the ex
tended care of a specilist in the
treatment of xvhat-seemed to be the
This morning a daughter, Miss
Pauline Womansky, awoke having
dreamed in the night that her moth
er's voice had returend toher. She
told this dream at the breakfast ta
ble and kept commenting on how
real it all seemed, and how she had
cau?oned her younger sister in the
dream to be careful for fear some
thing might be done to cause the
voice to leave again. After the fam
ily left home for their various duties
Mrs. Womansky was crossing her
room when she felt a sensation as if
something were leaving her throat.
She found that her voice had return
ed, and was able to reach the tele
phone and communicate with uer
family, after which she was over- j
come with great weakness as if she
had passed through some strange or
deal. There is great rejoicing) in
that home today. Mrs. Wosmansky is
the wife of C. M. Womansky of the
Southern Cotton Oil 'Company, and
the mother of two young daughters,
Misses Pauline and Frances Wosman
Mr. Wosmansky's father was a
very gifted man and came to Ameri
ca in 1871. He could transcribe the
Lord's Prayer on the face of a dime.
He was born in Moravia, in Poland,
and educated at the Neutitsichern, in
Austria for the Catholic Priesthood.
In the war between Austria and Per
sia he was a first lieutenant in the
the Austrian army, and his father
was a major in the Austrian army.
How to Destroy Cotton Stalks.
Clemson College, Nov. 6.-Practi
cally every scisntist, farmer and ev
ery ero eb o who has given any
though; tb the matter at all, has
agreed that the cotton stalks should
be destroyed as soon after picking
is finished as possible, as one of the
most important steps in fighting the
boll weevil, but there is still some
confusion as to the best methods of
destroying the stalks, says Prof. C. P.
Blackwell, Agronomist, who makes
Decidedly the best method is to
plow the stalks under thoroughly as
soon as possible. If a farmer has
good plows and good teams and his
stalks are small, this is not a difficult
matter, but it can not be done effec
tively with a one-horse plow and a
small mule. Stalks of average size
can be turned under with a walking
plow and two average mules or
horses. Practically any kind of stalks
can be turned under with a three
horse riding plow if a weed chain
plow is used. Large .plows and trac
tors can turn any size of stalks effec
tively. It is not necessary to cut
the stalks before plowing them un
der. In fact, they turn under much
better if not cut first.
If a farmer wishes to plant a
small grain crop after his cotton and
can* not get his cotton picked and
his land turned in time to plant his
small grain, then the best method
is to plant the grain in the cotton
middles early, and when frost has
killed the stalks they may be cut with
a stalk cutter and destroyed very ef
fectively. It is true that this does not
get the stalks into the ground but it
does get them down in the green
grain crop where the weevil can not
live throughout the winter.
During the early days of fighting
the weevil some entomologists recom
mended the burning of stalks as a
method of destruction, and many far
mers have practiced it, but this prac
tice has in nearly all cases proven
very bad; and it is a particularly bad
practice in South Carolina, because
our soils are deficient in organic mat
ter. In fact, lack of organic matter
is our first limiting factor in crop
production, while a good supply of
organic matter is the very founda
tion of our boll weevil fight and is a
first essential to successful cotton
production under boll weevil condi
tions. When we burn our stalks we
burn the organic matter which is so
essential to success, and no greater
mistake can b= made in fighting the
boll weevil. Let us plow our stalks
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Is Depository for Public Funds of Town of Edgefield, of
County of Edgefield, of State of South Carolina and
of the United States in this District.
The Strongest Bank in Edgefteld County
SAFETY FIRST IS AWL. vVILL BE OTJR MOTTO
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Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
Barrett & Company
Augusta - - Georgia
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO. I
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
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Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
under or cut them down in a cover
crop with a stalk cutter but let us
never burn them.
mi - in II I. ir-mr-.nr
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Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. P. MIMS,
Edgefield. S. C.
FOR SALE: Wyckoff-Barron sin
gle comb white Leghorn cockerels,
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tual Insurance Asso
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The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
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A. 0. Grant, ML Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. 0. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. G.
FOR SALE: One nice oak bed
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home of Mr. J. W. Morgan.
C. M. MELLICHAMP.
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