iTERMS-$1,50 For. SIXi.o RNKR
VOLUME .. _ N.WoERCO so fil DU
VOLUN[Ell L0 NEWBERRy, S. C.. WEDNESDAY* SEPT. 1 95NME 8
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY,
At Newberry C. II.,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GREE'R,
EDtoR$ AND PRPrJETORS.
TERMS, P1,50 FOR:SIX MONTIIS, EITHER
IN CtRREXCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
Payment required invariably in advance.)
Advertiseanonts inserted at $1,50 per square, for
erst insertion $1 for each subsequet~t insertion.
bfarr'age notices, Funeral invitations, Obituaries,
Und Commutnications ef personal interest charged
FANCY ARTICLES, &C.
T HE subscriber bez;s leave to inform the ei:i
zens of Newbrr-, and the'surrounding.
Todtry, that he haS now on hand, and is con
-IA CHA RILESTOY,
Achoice and varied assortment of the above
-artides, wliich he will
S.i Low, at Wholesale and Retail.
COTTON and COUNTRY PRODUCT taken in
EXCHANGE for Goods, or bought at MARKET
MELVIN M. COHEN,
- Assqmbly Street, Wesl Side, one door
from Pendle'ton Street,
n 16 3 5t COLUMBIA, S. C.
)ORRIS, HUNT te CO.,
Sh Ifl BR OKERS,
_06. o. - Forward1g 1erchSants,
* A.CCO11,140PATION IfA It
Charleston, S. C.
- Ve nre ,repared to promptly forward all Mer
-ehandi., . onsigned to us r'ivi-g in this City
froin .Northewe And 'Forcsgn Ports. Atso, Con
4gme I is- by- Ralodto; be forwarded t'o.Do
rhea4tic or' Forei-n Por's.
LIBERML C.\S1 kDVANCES made 6n Ell
-c .qniuments of Ctton, ice, Flor, &c.
W. R. MORMIS,
I. F. IUNT,
J. II. nUNT1, J.
EREf.S.-. W. WILLIA.MS ( CO., Char
ton: N. L, MCCRF1ADY & CO, New York ;
LATHBURG;WCK ESILUk & CO., Plhiladel
p4iA"; IlGl-o"\ & SARGENT, !3imthnore : CHA
NRY.- RAY & CO., Boswon.; G. .-1WI.SO-N, Nor
fd efld Advertier, Andenon Gazete, Ab
Leklle Biullti,(reeville 1fMomitai.,ler and
Enterprie, a' d Sparran:>nr Spartan, copy four
Atznes awl -eld biIls to this offivo. -
"LUIiIA, S. C.
T fineTHEI 1nriged laving 0eCd
he mz LlWL and CO''ViODJO.4
- L IN k)\~1nown na the "Colum
hia }l F;d Colee, w'ill open1 it as
} 1 T1-CLA38 I}OTI E L,on Septembuer.
Ani:. 2, 35-t.
* ames IVI8tock*er & on,
CO013IIS$105N & FOR W A RDING MERCIIANTSJ
~RANEBt!RG C. II, S. S.
PTOMPL&te'ion:pai.d to the. purchase of
roto,ad other 1Eroduce, and forwardi'
..ws.'M StOCkELR., S-!.. HI. STOCKER.
- E. JAOKSON'
ARES hisnmthod of -announeing to his n
w erous frieuds and acquaintances in New
berr, that he has established himseli in the city
-* Cohmbia, for the purpose of doing a' merca-t"
tile business, antd expects to keep con-tantlaon
4and. a chioie and sek-e 'stock of FAMII.Y
11EDICINES; together with First.Class DRY
00ODS amt GROCER IES, which be .purpos- s
.scling.at a modIerate adv-tnce abor~e cost. Hec
respectfully solicits a portioni -of public pat ron
azge. augi 3 3
A SYDNEY SMITil,
* EYNRAL COMMIlS.$ION AND FORWARDING'
MER CHAN T,
Charleston, S. C.
S. S. FARKaR. Baos. & Co. C.D .rt.
.C$ W. WiLUl s & Co.- Js.Puoi
CL'.k R & EE.
auig.30 36 3
T D. AVISV. T. iMcFE AT.
- ---* C N tiOe .
-*The tundersigned, latedceed of the Green 'Ile
SColumbia R. R., at .Columbia, will until the
*sgd road shall be repaired betwveen Alstou and
C~olumbia, undertake to forward with dispatch,
.rticles of-evet'des&ription, to and from all sta
:tions on Aat road; and.Columbia.
They wi.ll also buy-or sell on Comniission, and
*atend to bi ness of any kind offered to them.j
A adress them- at either Newberry Qr.ColulIbia.
arg ' S . AYT1W& McFElT.
I'wllsel,on 'he Ih of September next, o
Imy Plantation, in \ew'erry Distr-ict, all py
Stock Horses, 4u e's as att.
One Fine lrano,*'
Hlousehold and Xitchc4S Furn4:re,
One f:ue Carriage, Wagons & Herumess,,
JP-; Kou Tools, BlacksmliLh Toch-,I
Carpen 7~s Tools' * -
A lot L r Vgon Timber, and a gr 'at many
other valuabit .hles.
aug 30 36 3 R. P. A TTV WOOD.
J' M . . the re'l'Notice
F cat wig icave Spartaubu
T. uesdays and 'at'.rday- of each week, a
6.ai. mn., and atrrive at diuenenl at 11 a. mn.
Returning, leave SheL'-u at :u o'clo~ck mn., and
ai-rv at unartanharg at .,.: e m.
TO THE BOOT AND SHOE MAXERS
Of Newberry and Surrounding
We have opened a full assortment of
Bhot and Shoe Materials,
Crimping Boards, 3Men's R and L Lasts,
Sewing Hafts, Women'Cs & Misses do.
Peg do. Shoe Nails,
Ink in Pints, " Nippers,
Clamp Whecl., " Pincers,
Men's & Won's Stamps, Eyclet-Plyers,
L & M Pat. Peg An is,'. Cast & Si"r Shoe Kniv s,
C S Fork Taeks, Iecl Balls,
Long sized Sticks, E ili Lastin-,
Cotton Laces, Pink Linii;",
Shoe welt. & Sp'g Keys Cocliieal 1oans
Fudge & Fore part' oot Hooks,
wheels, Boot Trees, plain,
Gum Cloth, With Screws
Shoe Thrdad, Shoe
Shoe Hammers, Z)oc Rasps,
SewinTg AwS Extra Spring unchs
Peg Floats, Sand Paper,
Shoe Bristles, Shoe Duck,
Galooon, Measure Straps,
Doot oWebb, C S I urnishers,
Flake Gum Tra. Boxes pyle's,
Bus,nasi,e Sreegs, &h., in great vricty.
For sale byR
IIARDY SOLOMON & Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C. .
Also an assortment of
-DRY GOODS, IRUG S, &QI
C ONS TA_N T LY ON1 hA ND.
visiting Columbia re solicted to give
Call before aking thir pur ases.
au 3o -Wb; 4tIIih S
BushlS at Old Priety.
1t ARLL AYSOLMO &RT,
116 Meeting S-treet,:
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Formerly L. R. Williamns &Co., 1G1' Vet
IHve restimed theiar old buisiiiess of HATS,
CAS and STRAW GOODS, at 116 Meeti
St. Yext do r to Char r eon sote, Where thev
will he fappy to see their old customers, friends
lliu Public pene rai'ly.
We aze prep-w-ed to su' ply the Trade at OLD
aPRugES. P 4 . S.
~Mrhnsvisiting the clf-v for the 'purpo e of
purchasi g goods, will do well L'O give us a call.
L-R. ITLLIAMS) & 1. C. COVERT.
aug :3Ing Street.
Ha esumed tei old business ofrrn UATrrS,
CPtod o TRW .O ti ul at IE etiA.Tn
St., Pnest o toCaleson oel hre.o te
patlhbe happwill see theighlecstomer, foralinds
andepule r4do reerasoabey.rs
Mesr.han's istngr te et Horb, t tirpe ofIL
prhsgod,will deev l Iw o bel to ed usr ma thle
N. wbe .uv, Au .S5 I. IcoF:E-r.
au g tiw o a
fT MLSTHOCK WHd W.LNYGOOD of lesAeR
goo p ubro ie w i re t i r,e is.i exp
pied ce fo TooneradGrir-.wsa
resued' es od bainssigne Tann~ing.dDes
Ad dress bol$ New. es S. Shre,ora
pa ,adwl-a theuie st pic o r allP kid
lisss.Roelpege & orR b, at thC CH
wILLev atle .ide to te ptane and forkathe
s megor m. toso, &arkt angrs wan t
ane toeArry, A.s,16.LBEFED
FandIE REA I RG STORE in~ lhe on,
in0hof Newerr, erC, aromienty tuthedand ofr
oaltrnage,nn it be de, ara i apnc
plied O i Toon. pratn orSoso
osaidor reaniWsupr asine forPsTiling
Add ressl oad c,N bery, a C. ats
Olnyhar.liXeston Coure Co-lmbQn,hornio
uC tm TENAY' A CHNOLM,NA
0u111111188101P1 T 0 anOLAl
DR J E DAINTS,3
O FICL ote j the rhe ~asee forwr
and to Augusta, Gand rw' h a
FAMTES oMG.ING ca to thesoqcimry
ar in'fraed tha nomfrpabe ton fomill le
ron abt the OLDh anICES &pfor,' 2nd, 1its
euivaletho OChorf, ad veryterehday where
Goosan k amiy npdis allEOTo
the GrcmileRd, uiesdatodn b ilodra-s
to nudetR old srigts,) Waon hiree, opr
pite chae,. ,)o app'I l icto o r .B
Dley, No.l exenue witge drestn, ri tor
aseb frl.- :W.A.CUlT2NAY.
DR. TI.E.A AY
OFFICE, for the prorse of-carintgretr
r erly icpied an ko,a the Law fEPiN
3r of' G.rG. DeWalt, Esqr
WILSON & RING.
THE OLD BOOK STORES
KEEP ON HAND A
GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF
Mackerel, Pepper, Copperas, Tobacco, Cigars,
Pickles, Sardines, Soda,
COTTON AND -UNEN HANKERCHFS,1
MEN'S HALF HOSE,
FINE-and COAR.E ',COMBS,
Which they will Sello >r Barter, giving
the highcest market prices for.
CALL AND EE US,
aug 30 306 tf
NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN
NEED BE LOOKED FOR,
Webb & LIvelafe's
FORZ A LIMITED. OR JNYDEFINITE PERIOD,
As by Latest Arrivals, pca
We are in possession of,tie
Largest and most Complete
ST.O K of GrO D S1
And the greate;4 Varioty too, of
THINGS KNOWN AND UNKNOWN, DREAM
* ED 1" BUT NOT SEEN,
gg And w7ich a5-e as 0cay as the
Boots and Shoes,
Tol,acco and Seg1rs,
*AND ALL K-INDS OF TUINGS.
If there are skeptics who dcubt ourYeracity,
or would- dare impeach our integrity, let themi
call and bc convinced. -
-WEBB & LOYELiACE, -
IUNDER "HERALD" OFFICE.
aug SO 36 tfW T
HE SUBSCRIBF.R will shortly open, at New
bery CurtHouse, a complete assortmeicnt
of SCHOOL and other BOOKS, STATI.ONERY,
MUS1C, and all articles usuallyfr.mnd in-a comn
plete BOOK STORE ; and be respectfully ree~
qjuests those requiring the above articlesis3
w rit and examine his stock before purchiasing.
.J. KNOBELOCHI, Agent.
Aug 30 36 tf
K .otice, ot ice.
ON the Fiftenth September the subscriber
will renune THlE C&MMISSION UI
NESS, in the City of Charleston, aill per-sonally
nttend to the purchase and sale of aill cription
of goods. . And will also with the a iIan ex
perienced isltan't, attend to the Rieceiving uind
Forarding of Goods and- Merchandise to and
froni the Rail.Road Depots.
- Add'ress i TIlOMAS STENHOUSW.
Sep. 6, 37 . .Charlest'in, S. C.
Applications for Par4on and Govern
IAm prepa red to draw up applications for par
Idon, in.ca es arising und:r the exceptions in
the amnesty proclamation ; .obtain the Gover
nior's approval, and forward themi througlh the,
proper Departments in Washirgtoni, by a distitre
guished legal firm in that city.
Also -to- proscnte all claimns against the Gen
sept '7 37 tt L J1. JONES.
13 OF. N. SCUMIfT wil Open h11 SNC4OOL
iLat his residence, in ewberry, o'n Molidayi
the 18th inst., f~ the ~parpose of gkn lessonsso
onthe Piano, Violin, Gutar, -lute, -an-d any1
other instrument. iis prices a.ue liberal. g .
PIAxOS TrsnT.-Mr. Schmit^is.recommended
by Professors,*Artists and other's,as being~ a su:
peiorl?iano. and' Melodeon Tmcer, and will ena
gage to tune all instruments- with care. 'Orders ]
left at -his residence, or sent thrpugh the Post <
Office-, oi- the Newberry Herald olbee, will be Ii
promptly at tended to, and if the best satisfaction<
is not given, no.pay will be received.
sept 6 37 3 N.~BCHIMITT. 1
(Formerly Cothiran, Jeffer-s & C'o., Charleston,)'
General Commission and Receiving
and Forwarding Agexnt,
- ORANGEBURG, S. C.
Office Main ireet, near the Railroad..
Attention givensto receiving and for warding Cot
ton and Merchiandize, or to any business entrusted
to oter care. On coinp-!etion of thd Railroad to Co
lumbii we will continue business at that place.
-sept 6Vi 2t *-.
PIANOS FOR SALE
A f elegant Piano, carved Rosewood, seven
octave nnd-three Pedals, with iron soun- I
ding board, (hurp head.) -
Also a coumnon Piagy.
.1. H. KINAR.
Concluded from last mio,r.
I propose now to throw out a few suggestions
n relation to the difierent phases the question of
repudiation assumed at the aforesaid rgeting,
or Ohe c(nsideration of the peop!e, uitil the
ine for the election of mieibers to the Legis
Lure arrives. 1. Shall all debts be repudiated ?
[ say no:.and for the followi-nyr, ieasons : Fir.t
bccause that part of the consiLution of tie United
States which says that no state shall pass any ex
port facto law, or any law impiring the obliga
ion of coutracts, foidi it. Why unlcrtake to
do that which the Government of the United
S-atcs, which controls us, deciares we shall not
do ? Would it not be worse than idle to attempt
it?. Secndly, because it would not be honest
to do it if we could. It would damn our char3c
ter as a people forever in the eyes of the world.
0%r credit would be fore!ver gone. Tlat
confidence in each other which is. the
main stay of ' society would Le forever
banished. It would create ill feeling and
strife in crcry neighborhood rnd in almost every
family, whereas if the opposite course is pursiud,
that is, require ei cry inan to'pay his honest debts,
but wait with him and let him iay a litt e along
irs he can, -and, if necessary, pass a stay law, and.
keep it in force as long as the good of the people
require it; do tli, I say, and larniony and good
celing will prevail and the country become much
more prosperous,than to lock up the lands in the
bands of the present owners. if L lav.e loaned
mny neiglhor my .money or sold him my property
Id have his note for it, and the collection of that
rote wolld break him up, and the non-collection
>f it woul- break ine up, which should be done ?
Let him give me back my money or property as
ie case mhy be and suffer; or alow him to keep
t and I sutffer ? There. can be no two opinions on
tiis.questiou by disintercsted minds. Thii-dly,
5ccause it Vo;uld bankrupt all the estates. of de
leased persons n:hich WRve been sold,' and thou
ands of minor children who have no father or
rother to take. care of then, ani who are too
oung to take care of themselves, and !nust there
ore, be sent to the poor house er turned out o.n
he cold charities qf the worl+ to starve, while
heir rich guardians rv-e li*ing in ease and cle
nance upon property which their money bought.
Is there A man in Newberry District who is so
bound up in selfishness as to have a heart to do
Ihis ?* If so be would be a fit companion for La
1v Macbeth, and could join her in s'entiment in
ayi4ig "I have given suekand know how tender
tis to love the babe that milks me ; I would while
t was smiling in my face, have plu.k'd py nip
ples from his boneless gums, and dashed the
irains out, if by so doing I could gigin hisestate."
our/lb, because'it-ivill enable 'persons to keep
property'which they still owe for, and not be re
juired to pay for 'it, ivhich is contrary tb all
Lhe principles of honor and hoiesty. Th'e other
proposition is not'to repudiate the debts, but -9
xempt the lands from liability for debts Which
is, in effect, repudiation, so far as lands are con
erned, alid they are the principal 'part of our
propcrty now.. If this is done will it benfit the
debtor while the rest of his property is liable tQ
ley and sale ? No ; for the obvious reason that
wlhen the -lheriff sells all his other- prope.ty, his
provisionlz horses, nules, co*s, hogs, and plan
tation too',' he cannot culti*tte his land. But I
bave heard it said, in answer to this, that lie can
wil some of Lis lands and buy nore provisions,
orses, &e. This also will be liable to levy and
;ale, and -s often as he Aold part.of his lands and
purehafeoher ,roperty, wi* the proeeds, the
dheriff would sell him out until his debts were Ill1
aid or his-land all gone. How ten could this
xeRptiou of laud from sale benefit the debtor
ithout you exempt othrer pIroperty with it ? It
will not only not benefit the craditor, but it. will
nippt.e the energies of the country, by keeping
the hinds in the hands of individuals who camiot
ultivate them. -If* the law is passed, exeinpting
lnds from liability for debts, it must either al
ow'.he owner to sell threm himiselfor'forbid the
ale.of them.even by thte .owner. If you allow.
he owrner to sell them h'e will not do so. for the
>bvions yeason that tIhe proceeds would beliable
For his debts and could be reachcd by ca. si., so
Lhat in either case the owner either could not or
would not sell his-lands,and they would be locked
ap in thre hands of the..present owners, whether
:hy can cultivate them to advainage or not, and
svery man who does not own lands now will have*
:o leave The state and seek a home in anther
tate, or becomed the- tenant of these -larg;e .land
>wers, with the negroes.: Are you, fellow' citi
cns, prepamed to drive from your borders-all the
ioung nren of the countrZ who have no Panda,.
ut are full of energy amfenierprise, oi' compel
:emn to become ten;ants with your formcr slaves?
f not, stay your hands in this matter. Many-of
he young muen wh for the last four years ha've
ought.thie battle tIhe south and sacrificed
~heir all upon the' tars of the country. have heot
i~ foot of land. Will you pass iwrs to- prevent
%me8 brave men from having part of die ve1'y
toil they fo:ught for ? if so, I ask where is your
patriotem ?. Is it sallowed u$ in, youir- selfish
tess? In gJe name of common serrse arc we irot
1gaced enough already without heap'-ng this
iddiional dis;ga.ceion ourlheads? 'It wouldi be
nuch more equitable to repudiate all debts anid
: divide out the- property equally than to exempt
.he lands from debts in the hands of ite present
>wer., for many of them are rich in kiids, p~art
y made by s.peculartion during the war or' the
:accssi.tiOs of-the country.
The Constitution of Virginia, under the re
b,r:ed G,ovrnment,' differs frem -theireini"ra
Oristituttion.of,1851 much less than is- generally
mppose.d. The changes,.heowever imiportant: 4re,C
20t iimerous. -In the code of V irginia, zais
:ued in the jyear .S860, .And -liberal dis'
ributed ihroughou.ti thie Stite to jus
iees, clerks and. 6thers, and hoXw .accessibk to
nost personrs,will be fpun.1 at fulldecagtirindhe fe,r4
With these.preliminaries5 we att once' con'sider
:he Aleranidria- Constitution. Prefixed to it-are
he old bill .o( rights and .ireamb;le. Artiel!d L
md II of thE fordier Constituit on a're contain~ed
Utileif,9 qalfiatteof vters, nthe
lesidence prereq1uisi;~te toutng is re.ddeed to
>ae ear in the- State and six ruun'hs in t!te coin'
y,.elty or town.. Bu - great and imuportanrt
hange consists of two ts, namely (disfraud.ise
nent of voters and -disabilitv for ofhce-holding,
y reason of participation iii tIhe re?belion. All
yersons are disfranchised who, since theL first day.
>f Jaguary, 1864, have "vo'untarily 'given aid or
sssaned, in any way, to those in gebelliona
gainst the G,.verinent of the United iStates,
r the purpose of pronroting the same." The
~egislature havme power to relie've from this pri
tion aud.restore tire right of franrchi-e, "when,
netleir opinion, it will be safe to do' so." Mc
ordingly, tihe Legislature, by Act of the 2gd
ue, 1865, in extra session at R~ichmrond,, re
tored the franchise to all thiose dep4ived as afore
aid, who clould tak~e the oaths thereiin prescenb
d, to vwit; that in the Khmesty Pr'oclamation of
residdnt Johinson of the. 9th May, 185 and
lit to support tIre i'estored government of Vir
inia. B3ut persons excluded from the benreSt of
id Anmnesty Proclamnition, until pardoned by
ie Presidput, are excepted from sutch enra~n
himiend~& Personus~excluded 4om .thre aminesty,
>v reasorr of tIhe C$20,t00n except'in, are,s nePver
lehss, enfrznchised by said A t. Thie disability
or oljee-hioldhg; is, ne~xt. to tIhe otice of' disfran
iisemenctt df votecr, tIhe mot irmarkable~ par of
terms, "vote or nold office under this Constitu
tion who has held ofli-e undcr the so-called Con
federate Government, or under any rebellions
State GoverNment. or who has been a member of
the so-called Confcderate Congress, or a member
of any State Legislatur.- in rebellion against the
authority of the United St.atcs, excepting there
from county officers." This proscription and im
practicable rule will, doubtless, be expunged at
an early day. It is im possible to coutinue such a
provislon among the people who atre recognized
as loyal, and who claii a Republican Govern
ment. The reason and necessity of such a pro
scription, if ever of sufficient e.pgency, have whol
ly ceased; and the Executive and the Legilature
have united in commending and promoting its
abrogation. The Legislature, at the extra ses
sion above-mentioned, by an Act passed on the
21st day of June, 18G5, entitled "An Xet to pro
vide for the amendent of the third aricle of
the Constitution," invested the Governor with
discretion to ascrtain the sense of the qualified
voters on the propositioi to empower the .next.
General Assembly to cmend the third article of
the Constitution--that which imposes the disfran
chisement and disabilities-so that, in virtue .of
-the high authority thus kivoked and exercised,
the loyal people of the State may be completely
rehabilitated. This iesult is so nedessary and wise
that we must soon wit.ness its consummation.. In
this event, Article III of the old Constitution,
will be substantially ifnot literAlly restored.
Article IV-legislative department -has un der
gone several and considerable -changes. They
are mainly the results or incidents of the . war,
in the midst of which the new Constitutioiwas
proolaimed. Such as arise from the disseverance
of the Old Donilnion and the.abolition of slavery
will. be readily understood. The-AlexandriaCon
stitution declares that the Rouse- of Delegates
shall consist of not less than eighty and noa more
than one hun red and four members, andthe
Senate of a nber not less than one:-third . and
not more than one-half the num1er of the House.
It apportions representation in the 3e and
Senate among the counties and cities pro
vides forfuture re-apportionment in 0, and
decennially thereifter, in an enumeration of the
inhabitants of the State. The G Assembly
is .to meet annually. In*this ts ons 19,
24) and 21 of -the former Con , headed
."saveiand free negroes," have beei' substituted
in the new by sections headed "slavery or free
dom," declaring,. shwery abolished and forever
prohibited. - Another section relaVs to the pub
i debt and, its apportionient between-Virginia,
and West Viiginia. It declares -that no ordi
nance of the Wheeling Convention-adjsting the
Sdebt between the two shall be binding..on - this
State. Another section of this article. prohibits
the Legislature fr6n paying any debt or . obli'a
tior'incurred-by the rebellious State authorities
at Richriond. It also forbids any county, city
or corporation to.levy or -collect any tax to pay
any debts created in aid of - the rebellion.. The
sinking fund created and regulated by the 29th
section of the former Constitution, appears to be
entirely omitted from the new. Instead of that,
the 29th section of the new Cdnstitution provides
that no debt sh;afl-be contracted by the State, ck
cept f* casual deficits int the revenue, or the
discharge of.a previous liability, or for military
purposes. If the State become a stockholder in
any internal improvement, the stock shall be
paid for at the time of subscription, or a tax shall
be levied for the next year to py the subscription
ArticIh V. of the Execntive Deparment, in
the late'Constitution, remains u-nchauged, except
by this addition : "Until the memb-rs' of the
Board of PublicWorks shall be elected by direc
tion of the Legisla Lure and qualified, the authority.
and duty of the Board are devolved on the Gov
ernor, Audito'r and Treasnrer -of' -the .Common
wealth.; and the Secretary of theCommnonwealth,
shall discharge the- duties of the clerk . of
Articl6 Vf, relatirig.to the Judiciary, is very
.materially changed in the new Constitution.
The Ltter provides for a court of Appeals, 'to
consist of three judges, for district. gourts, and
for sixteen circuit courts& The ,judicial term is
not changed, but the mode of election orappoint
men.t, is radically diff'erent from that 'lately in
forces It'is provided that the judges shali be.
chosen by the joint, vote- of the two. houses of
th.e General Assembly, from -persons nomihiated
by the Govern-or. The Several circuits.and dis
tricts are defined ini the Constitution. In other
respects, tue former constitutional provision~s on
the judiciary are con tinued unchanged.> Just ices
of the peace, besides' theli per diem for court.
service, ma', by law be:ialowed fees-and emnolu
ments I'or other- sd-rvics.
KIn conclusion of our exhibit of the Ale andria
Constitutieor in wihich we have etated all impor
tant chan-ges, and omitting only. the,ndnor anti
triviaf ornes, we niaVa that the bodf^ otet
instrument inrothler na tter's is-a tiacript of the
former Constitution. In respect tso the-judicitr
the chauid is ait mdat but of debatabid propriety.
it invol.ves imn abandonmeut' of y'opuear elction
of j udges and adopts a -mnode. of -appouttment
somewhatt res6mbling that ini tile :Constitution- of'
the Un itLed Sttes. The chanige is bot of a char-'
aeter to e*cite. muchb. if any, .reprobatipn; to
many it wiil-- he prefe-rable to-sthe sppersede
modes Tho.jnhibition of an a.ppropriation toi
ternal iprovements.isa change of great:-conse
quence. IL is-well calculated'to'elicitdiscuxssion;
but at present, - h'en our public; debt'ami-botiter
burdrisare so heay,as to be- 4ruly- oppessivey
there vould be scarcely any dispositfon- st auge
meat gem, id eendntof this 'inhibition. For
te.present,jhlerefore, .outpoverty .and esfiaus
tion nday recoOele.us to the provision so con&is
tent with therm. The a'holition .and interdiction
oiei-y;contained in the new Constitution.. are
bnit'th fireversible fiat of this genriation .ren
dlr ng' digcassion olthe'subject w ~ I
ous.iitable. ~TNahft:nceu -
disbilities inficled by the enoniton1ia
hin Sr been mud willsoon iu vhohei 10eeuti
~ged ,and be substitated by such ea'gigliegeOmd
liberal prolisions as itill remove al, jgstcotn
paints :sud s'tjgiy sound- 7publie s&aginan0lt
Sh~lould these -.expectations - be~ riieieUw
shnll find the Me~xan1dri Q6nstitutioimditich moe
e ndwrable, thai maniy may hav~e imu d-Ec
M.uI.S ion COL-NTr v s
commuicationlinkrefeCThW to 'mail communi-"
cation'vrith county seats or "Court houses,"
will be found imnportan.U .
-- POST OFFICE*EPARTMENT, .'
. WAsHINGTON, August 5d, 1865.S
Sr a: With a vievr to furnishing nail faciti
ties at the earliest practicable moment, to~ per
sons residing-at and near'.County seats in the
State of South Carolina, I -ave the honor to
inforn-you that th6 Dep?rtme-nt, on -the re
cipt of reasonatle bids for the transportatton,
will be prepared to issue orders.authorizing
temporary- mail service- or. routes runnmng
fom suichcounty seats to the nvearest points
on r'ailroads on whieh maiils are conv.eyed.
-Your obedient servant '
- ' WV. DEANNISON
B. PRnY,Post Master Genier~A.
iton.. EPRY Pr ovisiona? Governor of
Soth Caradina' Greenville.S- 0-.-,
N%. IB. By "tcemporargail service" is in
tended service to 1Bec. ulst, next, previous to
which 4imne all the routes ii the State will be
advrti.sed fvr re-lettin;; from Jan?uaryi 1st,
.Sale of Southern Bank Not=. -
Rieno,m), August 23.-:-There hfs been a
sligh t iiuprovement in some of the Virginis banks
while sonic are ne:: so. gdod. We, quote: ~
Wheeling Banks and Exchange -Bank of Vit- -,
ginia, at Alexandria, 90 to- 95c.
Farmers' Bank. 50o.
Exchange Bank, at Alexandria, 50c.
Bank of the Walley, Bank of Old Domiao0
T'raders' Bank, Bank of Rockingham and Bank -
Bank of Commerce and Bank of Rockbrldjge,
Bank of Winchester, Merchants' Bank andL
South-western Rank of Virg'sim, 25c.
Farmers' Baijk of Virginia, Farmers' Bank of
Fincastic and Exchange Bank of Virginia, 20c.
Bank of City of Petersburg and Bank of Ric-h
MInticello, Howaidsville, Scottsville, pittsyl
vania and Central, 10c.
Bank of the Commonwealth and-'Phillippi -no.
sare. - -
North Carolina.bank notes range from 20c to
30c. - - %
South Carolia bank notes average 15c., exce
Union Bank- of .South Carolia 30c. Peoplec -'
Bank, 25c -
Bank of Newbrry and South-western Railroad
Bank oT Hamburg, Planers' and e: echan es'
and Bank of Cliester, I8.
Georgia-Average for good banks, .,4k . ex
cept Georgia and'Central Railroad Banks, 6e
Bank of Savannah aid Marine Bank of Geor
4 Bank of Midle Greorgia 25c. -
Bank-of State of Georgia. 20c4 "7
Alabama-Bank of Mobiland:$othern BakU
4 . *A-- "
Easern B mk of Alabama, 25c; Iothes 2&.
Louisiana Bank notes raiga from 25dto 90 -
Tennessee.bank note range from 10c to 4,c.
-We quote gold --to-day 1443 buying and 1W .
Genera Ke .- -
"A woman's affecdons are not her own, Mr. -
-8mithers." "I amwell aware of that, madam
they aie any bodysstint takes the. tr'ouble to ask -
for theml.". Mrs. Suitheys looked daggera
An old servant, drinking to the health .f ~s -1
young mistress, who was that day made a
aid: ."I wih you many bappy _eVurn, f th
Tbe cholera rages as an epide't in-.ConstanVt6;n-!
nople afid Cairo the'deaths daily, i the, forme
city,. being 25o and in the latter, 600, The
mon of theScourge is on .tie wing-is lnth
The Postmaster Gcekial has just conclided a
contractwith the Raleigh and Gastor -Rail .Road
Co., for the daily conveyance of the 1haibbetween
Weldon and Ral;igh. This establishes bj_estal
comiunication betwe. NorthernStates aud.iNe
The first b-rce of Texas cotton arriveil af ie >
Orleans on the 16th, awlsold for 61ctjeprpound.
A-Ne* Englander is at work, night 'nd day -,",
compfe(ing.a flying inachine. He may well be ia
a hurry. Fly time isnearly over.
At th-e Trench -can of''Clons a mock-baL. w
of Marengo-was foiught to amuse and instret t6e
soldiers. - - --
It is re pvrted-that the greaterpart of Shwe- -
port, La, has been burned, includift a; consie
able quantify ofcotton. --
It is propsed -to run -a rway e erowy'
through- Broadway N., on level with be
Spin . has recognized Itay~ It has ead4
'great surprise2 among the Catholic najti@ ons'.
Europe. ~ ~
~trict, last week.
The total product of saltiir th Unite4Ste4
is I-7,000,00'bushels. -
Drunkenness and crme,-t s ad arod g~
a brilliant season infRichmond.
It is believed thiat kfrb:Dvis will be tried bt'~ ~ .
civil coast t Norfolk. In that caeChIefNa.ie ,
his judicial circuit. The direecdog of naiitary
-operifions-'fronG Richmondod le the be*
of thecharge of t5sa- a -
A passenger train~ed the hwsl ecM1k~~4~'~v ~ _
maRai'roa'd dadeiiaayb ersd - -
of~ the Richlaudl Neck T.rettleno the crek & ~ ~
T welve dead and .dighty w9.aned have-bec e re~ ~
covered from 'tle wrecic A carcntirg
iie rocs is still under water. - it a-2Uiraud
passengers are.smissing. -
r Devis yThly are .en r6ate'fgMor ~ ~ --
-Thei we eoni and a dangbrpss&)J
the mottes of . rs. Davtis arr ~wte ise o
servant -and -aneg-ro na.Ie aservan?t Mrs. -~i
symnpazthle:rs have subscribedi l)ra al4h - --
handsoniesam of srx hougatr
teni dollars -:~ C ~ c -
Latet adv icspe tht .tIzim*&IsneZ.
d - ~ecn Jaxrez to a ree eno
wi Tcre he.s ?fel i ga -L g o a,
crmf. a~ exchange s--- - t -
crande isineU with S sr thaos -
n r ees than 7h,G00 mnnaren U kgten$f
Q,i dit that Napoleon e i Yr
a derationfw r .-. ~ ~ - ,
.Tus SoVrnHAa2avrISZ Tesr at-S
r.-We are glad t& learn, sys the 16ree~nville
-or a tT o e t Nvm-A
p perouisesc-frced ?ossp~et- em ac- ;
eugtoILf conscrip oa. I%ilibeepeIte4 with
its fairmer corps of insitruidtorsk i- pteseuL- W
- earg that inormaition hidte1ready bees ec'ed
'-f some studecnts iwho 'ill attend. -
iTh enor ..Thb .end df wha? The
secondAlti'i Cable. . ~~~1~th eD f.
- eothe si of teis WS.
morseless-sea, whiJch has swalloired tap many
a human hope. But -we do not 4*pw~ -.
the mi'achinery of te G:*t Eastge d'f
fective,. and the cable imaprogdrg1l3qino.j f --
G rt I3rtain fails the thirdfaime-she &n
n4 ass the charwmd "nmn*je4ust ao -
Yankee ingenuity t0 undertake th -M
A Diarso' UTRAG.E.-A Mr. II. C..Wi~s
was. riding en T'htsday y-hst1 towardsO~
burg, on the State lRoad, lie w4 attapke4.- otf
d4, -when within fi( dnnies'ft.at tfd , by y
a negro- man, dhoaft e manding~Shis anonef,
focibly lrghd bimafireer bia. boSe an i filed ..
his poc ~ $2u0 in gold and ~tatween. forty'
and fifty do;as la greenbacks.. Tjis gentlemnaq.
states that he was infounned by- per'sons lb the
nihbodrbeod,.aioa-hom he went to obtain
assistance, that the~ negrees in that section are in
a v'ey demoralized state, andl are constantly -
coitting depr-edationz on the farmers arouzid.
- [ Charleston Yew,
Speaking ortorporal punishmnent in schools,
what pupil is the~ most to be-pitivd?
The impil of the .cve, entie, it is aings~
udr -4ih - -.
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