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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, October 18, 1865, Image 1

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HrFE NEVWERRV RD
TERMS-$l,,5o FOR Six~ IeoIT F. GRENEIKERot
MONTHS, IN ADVANCE. iS rr ..
VOLUME I NEWB3ERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCT. 18, 186 NUMBER 4.
THE 1 RAL
IS PUBLISUED EVERY WEDNESDAT,
At Newberry C. 1.,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GRENEXER,
EDIT(*S A%N14PROPIEToRS.
TERMS, $1,50 FOR SIX MONTIS, EITHER
IN CURRENCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
tPayment required invariably in advanee.)
Avertisements inserted at $1,50 per square, for
first inserion, $1 for each subsequent insettion.
'Marrage notices, Funeral i9vitations, Obituaries,
*nd Communications of personal interest charged
s advertisements.
STONEWAL JACKSON.
A Soldle#'s Story of a Soldier.
(Fron te -ete York trkLc.
VIRGINIA, July, 1 .S6.
Among the prominent actors in th great
drma Q the late revolution, thcre was one
whose curious figure riveted ever- eye. le
was a man between thirty-five and forty,
drect, stiff, clad in dingy grey, with the nica
sured carri-g, and brief curt voice of the
soldier on duty. When he sNmiled, it is. tiue"
his fice was charming, and when his picrc
ing look grew soft, his eye was full of the
kindliest sweetness, but his lips were habitu
ally compressed, his glance kcen, penetrating
and inquisitive un(ler the rin of the' faded
cadct can drawn dawn low uron the forehead.
HMe rode ungracefully, thollgh not Lsadly, ap
pearing t manage his horse ; ithout an effort
of vihtion. In manner he was absent, pre
occupied and rborLd, carried away appa- -
rently by some possessing thought, which
rendered him oblivious ot time and Ie. He
would raise his Land, so:netimes both hand,
aloft in the htttest hours of the battle, and
with closcd eves utt--r half-audile prayers.
Iis walk was a stride, which the most ardiht
of his admirers would not have ventured to
call graceful. le sat stimY erect ra his
camp stool, or in his pr at church, reflaing
to Cj-y the luxury of reclining in 'tie least
degree. *Ue was silent, shyf awvkward, home
ly in- dress and appearace, and constrned
in manner, without wit, w ithout bwuor, with
out any apparint endowment dist'nguishing
him from the duilest and nmst con;'on-place
of his spees. Aid vet this powcrfu;1v ex
cited the admiration and -fection, not only
of his own pzople, but of many of his adver
sari4 ; who in the homely fignr of Stonewall
Jackson saw the enbodiment of goodness,
military genius, b:.d almst unbroken vic
tory. .
]Lis life has been written, and need~not here
form the subject of separatc treatmient. Up
to8, thkre we.s little in his career to attract
attention. A'poor oy, born beyond the Ai!e
ghancysin Virgin-ia, lie managed to get to Wes
Point ; thence passed as lieutenar.t of artiller-v
-o Mexico, where he fought recklessly ; th en
became professor at Le.tgton ; then colongl
of Virginia volunteers at Har-per's Ferryrin
April 1S61. Thence for-wa;-l his career is
welt knrowr-how he dceemd the f..te of thl t
first ba.ttie of Manassas by th'e charge which
pierced the federe.1 center; how he marched 1
in the dead of winter upon .Bath aud R fmey,
drivjtng out the federal garrison there; and
how he then entered upon thme celebr-ated
campaign of the valley, which has maide the
names of Keinstowi. McDowell, Winchester,
Cross Keys, and Port Republic, famous in
military history. From the valley he came
to the Lowlanmd?.nd decided with hris veteran
corps, the hot day of Cold Harbour ; next
came his defeat ofGeneral Pope at Cedar Run;
then the rerrarkable march to Manassas in
the rear of Pope. foiloGed by the victory
there, and the two day's afterwards at Oxihill;
then the capture of Harper's Ferry with 11,
000 men anid more than seventy pieces of ar
tilery; then Sharpsburg, where- he sustained
General McClellan's main attack with his
right wing under Hooker,-an.d repulsed it ;
then Frederi.burg, where he drove back
general Fran~ is column of 5.5,000 men, as
sailing the confederate right ; pd then Ch-an
cellorsvilie, where with 22,000 men lhe fell
enexpectedly on the rigt of General IIooker,
and achieved thme greatest, perhaps, of all his1
victories. He fell.theire, struck down, by an
.ccidental shot of his own men, and thence
igrivard victory seemed to dehse: t the south
4rn standard. The con,fedtrates repulsed the
federal forces, thereafter but never defeated
them.
The campaign alluded, to will always 1)e fa
enous in military annals; and tire character of
the man who fought them a legitimate suh
ject of praise. Their effect upon the fortunes
of the w~ar was incalculable. In other quar
ters the clouds might lower ; but here light
shone. Victories over astounding odds; ex
trication from perils threatening destruction,
and defeat of advei-se combination~s so power
ful that apparently no eiTort could resist :hrem ,
were the phenonemna which aittracted to this
sol'ier, the eyes of friends and enemies alike.
Who ard what was the' man who achieved
such great and uninterrupted success ? That
was the question in many mouths; and what
wva the secret of this continued tr iumph ,over
.hsta: es which would have crushed the most
experie'ed nmasters.of the art of war ? The
reply is si: ~. Jackson y as one of those
leaders- en~ ard far between"-who are
t>orn with a sc-re:;e genius for war-; and
who overcome mJ S'arriers in, their !xath by
the native supem * - ' .heir faculties. The
~alities which cokst t: th character of a
great soldier are 'breaK 2 view, foresight,
prdec ernterprise. :-.:,: imperturba
tory must meet and work harmoniously in
him. Caution pushed to the. point of apa
rent timidity; daring so extreme as to appear
pure recklessness; the gift of looking to the
most minute details, and that of banishing
from the mind all details whatsoever, grasp:
ing the army und*hiui as a sharp and tem
pered weapon, and striking the great blow at
the right nmoent and in the right place.
The mystery of n>ysterics is, that not seldom
do men possess this ra're and supernatural
genius~ for war, without marked ability in
other directions. Kot to go beyond the
home arena; Stuart, Ashby, and other promi
nent leaders of'the late war were not regar
ded as men of conspicuous ability ouAof their
spiere ; and Jackson was so co.nmdplace an
individual except in bis profession, that those
who knew him best, never ceased to- wonder
t his success. With the singular ,exception
:f the obstinate courage with which he fought
bis guns at Cherubusco, and Chepultepec he
ad displayed, up to his thirty-seventh vear,
io unusual abiiity.of any description . what
ver. le was a commonplace lect'rer, a me
licre writer, a thinker w ithout aparent ori
inality, and in all the lesser endowments of
the man of society was strikingly deficient.
Ie seemned not to know what men meant by
imagination and fancy ; he was ,without wit,
Ltterly destitute of all appreciation of mirth
)r humor ; and seems to have regarded bc71cs
lettrcs, and what is callied "good company" as
perfectly fiv olous. Ilis most intirnate friends
hiad never heard him utter a profounid or stri
king sentence; his 'vritings were innocent of
invthing like force or orizinalitv. A fair
ind impartial judgment of the man, from any
hhinz xvih ie had cver said, written or per
'rmed, would have bLn that he was merely
I plodding professor. Those who did. not
oin ii this opinion would have dififered from
t in a manner not very flattering. There'
vere those who conscientiously believed that
Taekscn's eccentricity amounted to insanity
) mind.
When the commonplnce professor, who
;eemed to emerge from his dullness only o
lo something absurd, was placed in command
> a brigade, people began. to laugh and shrug
heir shou!ders. Instead of a chevalier, on a
>rarcing steed, in s- lendid trappingz, and
breathing beauteous battle," they saw be,ore
hem an eccentric figure in a dingy grey
>at, on a peacefClloeking cob, his -knees
rawn up, his body bent frw.rd, a !cather
;tock sawing his cars, and 1is appearance, in
very poInt of view, ungainly. They lu-hed
son: they bcam qu !iet. ~ When he fQll at
hanicellousville, there was not a man in the
imy who had not "known what wa in him
roei tho. first." The name of "Poor Torn
aksoni" wvas left to be disintered by his bio
~raphers. Virginia had reco.gnized and salu
ed, in his pearson, one of the greatest of her
ml~ortals -
In truth under this dull exteror ,were thie
olden faculties which make the king .of men
uogy is easy, in presence of this great ca-i
eer,'but let us dismiss all such unprofitable
w ork, and' rationally inquire what 'erdow
en~ s ent to accomp;ish the successes of
rack son.
Underlying aill was a supreme sprit of comn
>ativeness. It is a #mecy that he did not love
ihting. lie reveled in it. War was horri
>e in his eyes, it is true, from the enormous
>blic nind private misery which it occasion
d ; but he none the less loved the conflict of
ppcsing forces. In battle, under his calm
xterior, hte had the ( dadium crtain is.
ou could see that he was a fighting animal.
rom his ponderous jaw. We say "animnal,"
>ecause at such rmomeiKts dJackson, the comn
>assionate Christian, became Jackson the ver
table bull-dog. Ihis combativeness when
~hus aroused, was obstinate, ernrmous. To
ight to the death was his unfaltering resolve;
nd his own invin.cible resolution was infused
uto his troops;. they became inspired by his
rdour, and were more than a match for two
r three times their number, fighting without
his stimulus. With Jackson leading them
n person, on fi: with the heat of battle, the
~toewall Brigade and oither troops which
ad served' under him long, felt themselves
ble to achieve imipossibiiiti.s. But comaba
venessend military ardor do not make a
reat commapder ; without them no officeer
an accomplish much, but more is needed to
~chieve the glories of arms. Enterprise is
ecessary ; and this word for want of a bet
er, must e xpress a quality of Jacksen's mind
hvich more thanr all else gave him his aston
shing success. lhis rule was never to allow
m enemy to' rest ; to attack wherever it wast
nossible, and to press on until all oppos'tion
was broken down, and theO day gained. The
'eiarkable activity shown in his comnpaignis
s an evidente: that he possessed this trait as
i general, in more eminent degree perbaps
than any of his cotempjoraries. A sluggish
or unwary adversary was doomed already,
wh~ he least expected it ;~Jackson was be
fore him, attacking with all the advantages of,
a surprise. It was said that he marched his
men nearly to death, and it was true. But
these excessive drains upon their physical
strength were compensated by victories, by
spoils, and an imm:ense~ accession to the moral
strength of his comm ad. Yor did lie fail to
reserve, thus thousands of. lives, whiichm
would have b . igt by more deliberate and
coventional wvarfare. HIe "always preferred
to arriv-e, by forced marches, in face of an un
prepared enemy, and drive them before hrm,
with co: - 'tiyeiy small loss, to a more letis
ur'ly advamce which would find them ready
to-. i a' hi? . I aimed to succeed rather b
-sweat than blood. His famous flank move:
ments proved a terrible tax on the strength
of his troops ; but after thir exhausting
march, the men finished the work without
bloodshed almost. and soon forgot their wear
iness'in the sweet sleep which follows toil
and victory.' Aggressive warfare was the
fundamental principal of his military system.
He preserved the pn'varving convictioi,
throughout his wbole,eareer, that - the true
policy of the South vas one of invasion. So
far did he carry thi4 thatafter Port Repub
lie, he was passionately bent on advancing
into Pennnsylvania, though~ General McClJ
Ian was knocking At the doors of Richmond,
with an army of 150,000 men. After the bat
ties of the Chickahominy, he rose from his
camp-couch, one night, where he was lying,
talking with a friend, and violently striking the
pillow with his clenched hand, exclaimed
"Why don't we go to. Pennsylvania n.4 ?
The Scipio Africanus policy i the best ~!
To march, to'ma.oeuvre, to 1huk, to strike
to advance, retreat, keep his enemy in cov
stant fear-such was his system. H1e never
rested, and took no account of hours or sea
sons. le seems to have considered all wea
thtr good to fight in, and to have discarded
the zeneral conviction of tmilitry men that
night attacks are hazardous. The Bath cx
pedition was undertaken in theilead of win
ter ; and, at Frederigksburg he projected and
attempted to execute a final atault upon the
feder. ari'y, which was to begin "prccisely
at sunset." At Chancellorsvillc, at Y,ine
o'clock at night,.when he fell, he was prepar
ing f*r that movement of his left wing, which
was to envelope General Jlookcr, and detide
the fate of the fe(ieral army. No other gen
cr,l living would have ventured upon so dar.
geros an undertaIing ;ut Jackson had de
cided upon it with-ut ie tatior.
It is not to be wondered nt that unwearv
or inuluent oppouents became the vieti:s ofa
strategy so holcl and aggressive. General
Banks is an example. A Inore ur.fortunate
appointment could not have been made by
the federal government. Banks seem-s to
have been without enterprise, and grea1t1y
wa'ting in that watchful cac which his posi
tion, in front of so dange! ns a ke, required.
J.tks-n surprised him at Strasburg, and
drove him from the valley, almost r,ithout
resistence. The manoeuvering arollmi Port
Rc-utlic was another CxampI-le of his superio
rity to General Flremont, whose plan, of ad
vncing N ith one column, upon ACkson's
rm hik another was sent t.> int,.ee:t hi.m,
was tarned aghit him and becamu the occa
ion of 1.is ruin. The rapity of Jackson's
marches in the valley campaign, and cxpedl
tion to the-rear of GeneFa Pope wa.: marvel
ous ; but there was somethi'eg.still morest.rik
ing in the enterprise which suggested these
movmnents. To a solier so fsrtilmin resources,
so rai,1, daring, and unhteiating, victor:y
was almo'st a foregone c;nein:sion.
T1he diffrence t).twern Cenarprise and fool.
hardincss is that l'etsveen calculati n and
chan-ce. Jtkson's tuii'rry. novements, were
alvays based upon cl0oe calculationi, and he
was certainily not wanting im foresight and
aution. He seems have know-n perfectly
weffwhat it was in his power to a4hieve, and
s thoroughly what was beyond is strength.
Ie risked much, upon many occasions, but
ippears to haive been justified in his caleuia
ions of the ultimate result. It will be objieci
ted to him hy military men, that he hazarded
too mnch, at times, and was only extricated
by good fo'rtuane. There appear's to be son>e
ustice in this ; but the resources of his genius
were enormous, and Roubledl his numbers.
Some of his ideas seem absurd, wvhen coolly
looked at. When asked what lie would have
done, if, after the battle of Winchester, tbc
converging columns of the enemyJad cut
him off at Strasburg, he -replied he 'would
hve fallga back upon Maryland for reinforce
ments." Such a movement must, it woukl
ppear, have terminated in his destruction;
but it would be difscuit to find minh of his
oldcommand, who would Thave doubted his
ultimate triumph even then.
His genius was for g:-eat. movemnents, and
decisive blows ; and, thus, his services, be
came more and more valuable, as his rank in
creased. He was hetter as brigadier than as
colonel ; better still as m'jor- genergl ;and as
lieuenat-general was best of all. It is use
less to ask what he would have been as corn
mander-in-chief without a operior at Rich
mond. But the brain which conceived and
extect the campaign of the valley must
ha. been equal to any position.
Jackson's -other me: its as a general were
reat. He was a bad1 organizer and ~discij-'
narian, but admiir:able in his selection of men
for important cou'mand. iIe conducted his
campaigns upon the soundest rules of mihitary
science, and where he dive-rged from- the bea
ten ti-ack of precedent, did so from conside3ra
tions connected with the nature of the con
try in which he oper-ated, the peculiarities of
his advgWry, or the character of the troops
upon weh jm depended.
He*kept open, generally, his line of re
treat,'-and proviled for disaster-though it
was hard to realize that failur-e ever ente,red
into his calculations. He had the soldier'.s
eye for position, and chose his gro~und both
for infantry and artillery with the exactness
of geniu:; but if all arrangemerits were madie,
and his p1lans re'quired battle, would fight on
any ground. lie depended most upon his inu
fan try, but lov-ed artillery frong his early as
sociation with that branch of the service, ne
ver apper.ring s;e well pleased as wheni direct
ig ini perecn the tire of his cannen2o. amid a
shower of slot anl shell. When once enga
ged, he seemed to discard all idea of defeat,
and to regard the issue as assured. And,
what was more important, his mersMuied to
share his conviction. Even at Keinstown lie
ielieved the federal forces would have retired
in ten minutes if one of his own briga's had
not been ordered to fall back. A man les.
open to the conviction that he was whipped,
could not be imiagined. His indimitable com
bativeness, it might have been said, 'made hin
set his teeth against Fate, and endeavor to
plnce his heel upon Destiny it4f.
It may be said of him with truth, that he
deserved victory. No man was more careful
i.n t'>e use of every precaution' to ensu4e suc
cess. The idea that he blundered on without
p'rudencc or system, and achieved his succes
_:sosnly by some mysterious- good fortune, is
a mre faricy. ,No soldier was ever less in
debted to 'lnch ;' no one ever proceeded in
military matters upon profounder logic. le
knew his strength and his weakness, but the.
difference between him and others was, that
he made his estimates more correctly. He
did not iovk t numbers only, but to morale,
the situation, the spirits of his troops. With
the thrce hundred of Leonidas, he would have
attempted great things ; with the fifty thous
an survivors of Napoleon's Grand Armie,
crusi:ed in*morale by Waterloo, he would
haie attempted nothing. If his men were on
flre with ardor, and the enemy, though treble
their number, were disorganized by surprise,
or foi 'other reasons, he would advance to the
assault wIithout fear of defeat.
In every point of view, as we have said, he
desdrved success. No. general ecver made a
greater use of mystery. le saw from the
firnt that he conjw6zided men of education.
thought, spoculation-tie most inquisitive of
private s-ldiers. Without due prec-ution
taken they' were cei tain to ;no%r what it was
inexpedient for the i4ivate soldier to know;
his designs would be penetrated, and be nois
ed abroad. Hence his inscrutable mystery.
Ile would not permit his men to inquire the
names of the towre through whic' they pass
ed tand on the march agan, Gene-al Me
CMt'llan at Richmnond issued a gein,ral order
dircc(ing'the troops to reply "I don't know,"
to every q-y-tion. Meeting a man straggling
t ow.r.da cherry.tree he said, "whei-e are you
going" '"I don't know," was the reply.
"10 whatiegiment do you 6elong ?" "I don't
k-now.".-"What do you mean?" 'I don't
know." Jackson Inughed quietly and passed
on. T1e-.aii that if his coat knew what he
i he would take it off and burn it.
I. weld encam); f,.r thegi:tht cross roads,
a:d the quidnunes were in dispairjt their in
ability to (letermine toward what point of the
eompavs he wouid march on the mioTrow.
A bomut to abando.n the valey, he publicly di
rected careful.mnaps to be made of the region,
as though intending a campaign therein.
W.hen o.ne of his s.taff' engaged dinner a few.
miles ahead of his advancing column, he ad
n:' oni'1hed h:im of his error. Ijor did lhe knot.v
th,at the column would pass that point ?"
H e ha'd the faeulty of waiting for his ad
versary. No man was ever more d'etcrmined
not to be forced to fight before he was ready.
Ilis ietreats appeared panic stricken, but were
in rea!ity the deliberate movements of a mas
ter of the art of war, Hie was never* more
dangerous than when flying. From dreanvs
of success, and visions of complete victory,
his opp onent.was apt to be rudely awaken d.
In May, 1%02, General Banks, then at IIarri
soburg, telegraphmed that the rebel Jackson
had been d: iven from the valley, and was in
rpid retrieat og Rich,mured. *The commentary
wa Jackson's swift and unexpected march
uponl Mulroy at McDowell ; his complete de
feat of that offcer, pnd his equally rapid ad
vance upon General P,anks at Hlarrisonburg
berore which the federal comknder was for
ced in turni to retreat in confusion.
Until all his arrangemnents were made no
adversary could dra.w him into action. When
the moment came, he saved t-he offcer oppo
sed to him all trouble on that score. Ile ini
tiated the~ matte<r by attacking with all his
strength. If one assault failed-, lie made a
second. I f his first line gave vway h3 brought
up his seccnd. If the second had bad fortune,
his reserve was led int% actior-and if these
did not at once retrieve the fortunes of the
day, he placed himself in front of tlicin and
led them'in person, full'y determincd to con
quer or oie.
There were few who failed him at such mo
ments. The sight of Jackson upon these oc
casions, seemed to turn the heads of the
troops. T[hey forgot all'else and grew reck
less ; an.d when men become acekless,. they
o far. Cedar Run furnished an instance of'
this. The le:ft wing, formed of Jackson's ve
Vterans, was broken ; antil in ten. minutes the
battle would have been lost. There weroe.no
reserves to put in, nind Jackson rallied .thc
troops in person. The result wa such as we
have described. %A single shou.t of "Stonewfl1
Jackson E tone.wal1 Jackson !" ran along the
line, aid it was re-formied in a mo~ment. In
front of them they saw a sword shining
through tihe smoke of action, and recognized
the old faded cap, and pliarcing eyes of their
chief. The result was a new assault, and one
of the most important of Jackson's victories.
his tenacity and strength of will seemed to
have no lim~it. Nothing appearcd to affect
that supreme -resolution. Snech a man is the
master of fate, and, with his iron hand, di
rects events. Napoleon trusted to his star,
and Jackson, it was said, believed imf "his
de;;tny-a word1 whicnbhe construed, appar
en a K mean ence::- nmnst his ceieIs.
wherever he encoutereed then. There seems
to be good ground for the belief that. he re
-garded himself as a passive instrument in the
hands of Providence to accomplisl great
events, and had sati ed timself that the
Lord of Hosts would uphold him. This con
viction, supported by abilities of the first or
der, made him almost irresistible.
His intellect, in all military maters, was
remarkably clear, sigorous and practical. . It
has been said that theee are son nimble atnd
appreheusive spirits, whose natures appear
too sharp and delicate for every-day work.
To cut down a tree men do not use a rapr,
but an axe. It has a rougher edge than the
razor, but is more effective. Jackson's milita
ry judgement was a ponderous weapon, and
struclc straight at the obstacle. He was op
posed to half way measures, and in favor of:
decessive blows. Subtlety and dialectical ha;r
splitting found little favor with him. He
knew what lie wanted, and had a perfectly
clear idea of the means by which he could se
cure his object. Refinemouts of strategy oc
cupied ht'lie of his attention. HIe-was for re
sults' and saw how to attain them. Alone of
all the southern generals he was in favor of
atuicking the federat army, on the evening of
tht battle of Fredericksbufg ; and at the
council of-ar, held on that occasion, is said
to have st-rtec4f,om a doze, when called upor
for his opinion, exclaiming, only half awake,
"Drive 'eiinto the river." All his'views were
aggaressilte, and looked to attack, not defenS-.
After Port Republic he said, "If-lc President
will give me 60,000 mei, I will be in Harris
burg. Pennsylvania. in two weeks. ~1 will un
dirtake it with 40,000." After Cold Harbor,
as we have secti, he again wished to advance,
exclaimingl "The Scipio Africanus policy is
best." On the evening of the first battle of
Manassas, Vis.elear intellcct, unclouded by
subtleties, heritations, or those pros and cons
which paralyze action, saw the whole field
before him ; and he said, in his brief, curt
voice . "Give ine 10,000 men, and -I will be
in Washington to-night."
A few words more'will terminiite this bas
ty sketch Qf Jackson's military character. He
was an intense and concentrative thinker, his
piercing eyes saw far and deep. Without
power, &a we have secn, to utter, write or
perform any not-bleo thing in the ordinaryI
comm-.:ce of human affairs, he brought to th.e
great game of war immense po.ers of analy
sis and combination. Sucess was an equa
tion which he worked out with mathematical
precision. When an event took-place like the
1ap left in his line at the second battle of Mai
nabas, and Frednricksburg, o the falling
(icy of the Stinewall Brigade at I'instown,
his whole plans miscarried. It was the error
in thecaculation which vitiated the esuIt.
Such were the faculties which seem, to the
present wvriter, to have characterized Jackson,
and .produced his extraordinary successes.
But it is difileint to discard the ide, after ;
fail consideration of his career, that~he was
guided in h,is arduous campaigns by. soine
thing resembling a species of intuition. Many
of his followers openly stated their belief that
hc was "inspired," and the military critic will
find1, after all, in his career a certain intuition
'o eiswhich cannot be classified or dej
cribed. He seemed to possess the faculty of
seeing what was .the right thing to do at the
right time ; not to come to his conclusion by
any trai of logic, but at a bound. Others
exhbibited stipreme tident, tr'ined to the high
est perfection ; but-Jackson's muilitary move-~
ment-ed,rywhere betrayed that subtle thing
caldgenia. His glance was like the light
ning which reveals the e7.i-re lan1dscape be
a>re he beigihted travl r and sos i
Li.<rgad.
P'a ing from the characteristicks of Jack
son the soldier,. we may find some poir ts ofl
interest in the personal traits, of Jankson the
man. -It is interesting to know how .cuch
men look and speak ; how they carry them
selves under good or, bad fortifte ; In what
manner they "live and move and have'their
beilig. Jackson's demeanor upon the field
was quite absorbed, and at times absent-min.
th, s though he were engaged in somespro
found calculation, or following some stibtle
train of thought. When spoken to at such mo
mnts, his head turned quickly, his eye glit
ter-ed, and he listened with attention, replyi?
in the fewest words possible. His tone was
curt but not dis;courteous. His bearing, his
smil'e, annthe ready band to his cap, on the
cont-rary, were markedly courtcou.s nor has
the present writer ever known him, under the
most exciting circnstances, to loose this
simple and modest air of gindly gy'd breed
ig lHe was the most approachable of corps
comml!anders, and any private soldier might
he sure of a friendly reply to any question
which he asked. There was no air of author
Ey, offscial stiffness, hauteur, assumption 'or
-coldness in his demeanor. He "looked like
work," was unmoved by vairLy, regarded his
troops as hi children, and when he fell, it
was nr.t the heart of wife an~d frie!id ajone
that felt the bowv, but thousands who no ion
ger felt the old enthusiasm, preluding victo
ry. I
There is little doubt that the views of the
present generation, including thc writer of
these pages, concerning Jackson the soldier
are more or less mingled wit-h undue gomira
tion. His faultsDre not seen ; his merits may
be'ecxaggerated, But as a m-an, h.is virtues
were recognized even by his oppone'nts. The
trait of character which conciliated most the
regard and respect of his enemies was the
profound sincerity and earnest ness of his na
Lt-ter truth and honesty. Life with him was
1 sertus affair, and he seoived to havo no
time for enjQvnent even. At West Point he
Rtuditd conscientious1y, avoiding all higher oc
cupations ; in Mexico he betbok himself to
hardlighting ; and at Lexington his whole
udO'l became absorbed in the performance of
his hutidrum duties, and the earnest endeav
our to discover-the will of his Mjker and con-.
orm to that ;yill in all things.
The students laughed at the silent and awk
ward professor, who found enjoyment appa
rently in nothing but religious excrcises and
hard work; but they could not understand
the "great thoughts.and certain joys which.
the taciturn soldier derived from his religion.
We'do not venture, here, to state .the ex
ict religious views of this eminent man. Him
bas been called a fatalist from his ultra indiff-.
erengg to danger; fatalism, proper, is an
-urdity. That he held the Presbyterian vi
of predestination is certain ; but to discover
ind perform the will of God, without regard
,o that or any otier dogma, was his "meat
md drink." With him, his religion was his
ife. It was the brdad foundation of all his
'houghts and words and deeds. le seemed
o live, consciously, under the eye. of God*
ind to shape all his actions with reference to
the divine approval., Ue had no time to tbi*
whether this or that in his character, ]?is ac
Lions, or his utterances, was "coftventional'
or not-pleased or displeased his fellow-men,
Am I conforming my life toithe will of God '
was always, and under all circumstaaQes, his,
illy qest on.
Fromthis profound and controlling piety
sprung his vir-lues, his peculiarities. his true
greatness. Contemplating the profound sig
nmficance of hs position as an immortal soul,
tarrying for a iason only uporxgerth, and
destined by its conduct here, to shape for all
eternity. its own went or woe, all other thi.ngs
becanq poor and inconsiderable in his eyes;
what men thought of him, how he appeared
in society, what dress he wore, what food be
cat, what wo-ldly enjoyments he neglected,
or what worldly honours he Aissed or secu
red. Something of the old spirit of the. Man
of Tarsus was in the ficart of Jackson, who
had his meditations and his work, and could
afford to neglect the-Irple and the feasting,
and endure all things for the faith that was in
him.
It was impossible not to rcepct a maj of
such- elevation of "Aracter. But many
things even grow beautiful in Jackson when
he became better known, and made men love
him. I was a Man ofjeatkindness, of ani
extraordinary sweetness of temper, tender
hearted, easily moved to pity, and all pure
emotions. He was simple and unostentatious
in his -manner and habits. He cared not i
what he ate, and would sldep in a fence cor
ner -as willingly as in a bed. Ibis old coat was
covered with dust collected, from the battle
fields of many regions, as he slept upon the
earth, in rude bivouae, after the hard fought
d ay. All th is endeared him,to his csoldiers,
at whose camp-fires he would stop to. talk irn
the friendly fashion of the officers of Napoleon,
and whose rations he woul4 frequently_ share'.
The giht of his faded coat erd cadit cap, was
the sign to cheer, and "O!d Jack" was per
sonally adored, as in his military capacity he
was regardled by his men as the greatest..or
leaders. His manner was stiff ard his voice
curt, but his smile was-one of extraordiniry
sweetness. A lady declared it "angelic.", It
was ce: tainly the most friendly imaginable,
and charmed all 'who conversed with him.
Even his peculiarities becamnr sources ofipop.
ularity, and endeared him to his troops. It
was said of Suwarrow that his men mimicked
hi:n, gave him nicknames, and adored him.
It has the same wiCe Jackson. IIis troops
laughed at his dingy old uniforin, his cap
titing for'ward on hii .nose, his awkward
strides, his. abstracted air, and ehristbnig him
"Old Jack," made him their first and greatest
-fTavorites. There was one peculiarity of
the individual, however, which they regarded
with something i ke su,nertitio.n, Wergfor
tu the singular position he bad of raising his
hands aloft, and tl-en suddenly letting the armi
fall at his side..* On many occasions he made
this strange gesture as his veterans moved
slowly before him, advancing to the charge.
A t such mor.entslhis face would be raised to
eaven, his eyes clesed, and hris lips would
move evidently in prayer. The same gefre*
was observed in him at Chancellorsviile while
ging at the body of one of his old command.
Ie was plainly'praying, with his- hand uplif
ted for the welfar~e of the-dead man's soul,
Jhekson dhied before lie reac1Nd thi age of
forty, and had but two ye. rs of life for the
display of his great faculties. But the period
was long enough. Ini that contracted space
of time he acconfplished enough to, render his
name and fame immortal. Few human beings
ever equaled him in the great art of 'making
war--fower still int purity <.f heart and life
It was a nature almost altogether lovely which
lay under -the faded uniform of the great sol
dier. No stain of insinderity, ce meanness, or
vaingloriousncss marred a character which
coabined the lo&iest virtues of the gentig
aan, the soldier, and( the Christian.
lIe -s!eeps now, cold to praise or blame; but
a poor writer, proud to have touched his hatnd
ed followed him,~ offers this page to his ills'
trious memory. J. E. 0.
The recip. ,it of a Bible from a 1mission- ' - *
.ry recently expressed great gratitude for the
gift.-After the missionary had given him his
bes.t talk abont the riches and worth of the.
ible, the recip:ient addel, "yos, I know wherQ

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