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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, November 01, 1865, Image 1

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ERMS-$1,50, FOR SIX.
MONTHS, IN ADVANCE. e R . c 0fjcI6.t
.- r- .W. 1 .--..
V~~??~ .-~EBER, . -..WENT.A,NO.F,.8 GNUBRNEKE. -
At Newberry C. H.,
my TkOi r. &"!t*ENL
*9 ba N'? MThoPRIMRS.
Aftymentrequired invariably in adrance.)
Adverbeements inserted at $1,50 per square, for
o er , $1 for each subsequent insertion.
ar"apotices, FuneraHDvitations, Obituaries,
%rd 'ations of pe~rsonal interest charged
Ja adverisetents.
4-tal to Holiday "'use.
(Concluded.) -
There was to be a dancig soire r' ball,
t Elwrood, the elegant-coutry seat of the
.3)aa&, Mrs. Rivulet,-within txelve miles
of Holiday House; and al within that radius
who were on her vi6iting. list, were-on the
O y ti anticipation of the exp.cted event,
.Ier - Dowagrs house had long been closed
t6lgayety, and. all who reinembed her. as
.qUents socjiVt, and, her rec if?
Ad~ ~tai eats'in a -y-gone era,. Doked
rdto this oiree asnte as P very ele
-gnt affair and~ vent of. the season.
Young ladies5were man afgreeablv state of
exifteent in preparation for the fete, bot all
doching .themnselvds; lik~e Flora McFlimsy,
wIth!"nothivg to-wear," though with much
sare exeuse l*heir pleai than M2!rs Flora,
for thi war iW blockade-ad rendered their
wardrobes sufficiently''scanty no doubt, and
therefore. reat wa the excitement itrenew
ing and re:turning old muslins, or, .u1cre cir
Ni&taces .perinitted, in getting vew ,ones
fog AC occasion. hurline wrote to her dear
es " 4 to senikher a new. Swiss mslin
dess for Mrs. Rivulet's party, otherwise sire
smust, Jpe at bowe;* and forthwith the next
in k re to the expectant damsel the drli
cate fbMric nearly done up in a brown 1per
1cl. acCnJfa-ie-1 with a pair of bailuoral
gaiters by way of surpi ise. The kind-hearted
Georgiwn and his ckrival chuni, were des
tchted knto the sylvan haunts around Holi
.' euse, for the earliest bright autumn
Aeosire d bcarlet berries, to compose a wreath
hai.- n The :bsence of roses; whi.ch
out (if season, and the frgetfulness of
ty uncle iz: not having thought to send
reath of artifiii flowers, as a coronal for
ocession. Armed with a large wicker'
'et, the two:.set out witigrea't gusto in
rb of "these syliani tredsuress, and 'after
- sing n'rdant mueadowsu, shady ravines,
usky dells, aiid sunny slopes, they gec
cumbed to the 'hteat' of the, diy, which ~
cessive; and returned w* t the berrics~
b~utwith a quantit4 of dar dlaethe
were dilcarded as'4oo. somlre; anLd the soe~e
wbatJ:ckneyed ivg wreath wias adopted as~ a.
-As we bad twelve iles to go~to reach the
Yestive ~scene, the ncessity for eariy teilettet
Itb~le part' dithe gentlemen, was imnpcrati#.
I. lieu of ,carriages we were fain to take
psage in a four horses omhibus, but were
-dieadfully sbaken .ep~ and jolted in conse
*-quence of the rough roads.I The foung lat
in Lurline and Unidine very prudently post
ponied making 'le grand tellette,' until 'they.
* had arrived. at-}.Eluiwul, and-. as we arrived
*early there.was ample tiCne.
Elmwood is'superior to most -etgun try resi
deua, and it-owLs this superiuoity, ln a great
meeastite, to4Ss tasteful and energetic owner,2
the 1)owager. ' Her town residence, in days
-of vore, was a model of elegance and taste,
esphially in itS surroundinigs, for,h'er fiower
arden was a "wilderness of (weets," and the
barers of the b'eautiful and .the devotees of
Ffdra bere"!ound their appropriate ternples of
ship. tt was in fact quito celebrated. The
~ointry residjnce was not iuferioi4n any its
pect to the former. There was the .same
commodio.usn.ess and elegance in the..guanioil
which w'as immnediatelg sierraanded si a'
r 'e4e.6f ehns and ther .shade trees, whilst
Tfosisieof these fine' trees there was an ex
tenive flower garden, which might have comn
-Ma'ed not unfavorably with the gardens of
Ariabg the blest," especially wh-in viewed
niooDnliC1zt :<Arrised at the front entrance
~re wee politefy received4by the only surviv
bson of ..te Dowager, who is courtly and
yodia his manners, and upnwhmi
de e odo -the honors, but who was as
-10ted by the dignified and courteous brother
othe Dowager, who is a gentlemnan of the
nid school and is high in civil office.*The
drawiiag room, "which opened with large'fold
hig dojMs> with stuccped walls and highl ceil.
in~.sU .noble room, and is hungs with por
traits of the family done by the first artists
The ia.whikb occupied the centre of the
groop and was mest .proinent and-.of unu
anaise, was the.portrait of a distguished
son, scho was also the eldest.
hfle "lady chatelaine" of Elmwood is a per
Set- type or model of a fashionable lady
- jdri,y ears ago, and as such possesses inte
rest to the: observer of manners. Her por
trait, taken years ago, still retains much'o
elegart6e in the style arm costuma. It wouki
lQok~ well in an engraving at any period, anl(
as therefore classic. The tasteful cap -an<
short curls would not have been unbecomni
to the celebrated femuale bele esprit--Lad;
lessington. *ne of the first persons wh
attracted my attention after enteding th
Iady, who was dressed in a rich black rept
silk) and whpse raven black ha'r was braided
in 1ladonna-like folds over her temples, an'
whose rich brurette complexion and French
caste'of face, rendered her very attractive in
appearance. I Was afterwards introduced to
her and'to my most agreeable surprise, found
that she was the sister cf one ot"my most
cherished friends of by-gone days. Ier great
vivacity in-convers4tion and -general agreea
bleness in manners and person, and the in
teresting. reminiscences which we were able
to recall regarding my much-loved friend, her
brother, mad our tete-a-tete the most agree
able incident of the evening to me. Tbis k.dy,
whom I shall call Madame Repartee, because
her-name in an anagram would make. this
meaning, was a niece of the Dowager, and
when a young lady of sixteen was as wild or
joyous. as a bird or f.wn.
Two-yousg ladies; the Misses Burns, grand
-daugbters of Mrs. Rivulet, w ere very beauti
ful, and-,h'e eldest unsurpassed in beauty any
where. A married sister, a recent bride, Mrs.
Col. Avis, was equally beautiful with gay and
joyous maunes.' Col. Avis had a very high
bred air, with an aristocr.atic figure and cast
of face. The young daugbter of Madame Re
parfee,- just fifteen, with naive man
ners, and clinging yet fondly. to her ma
ma, was pretty and 'piqUant, and was most
becomingly attired in white 'tarletan and
cherry colored ribbon.s, which set off her rich
brunette pomplexion, and very black and
short curling hair, wch was'an' especial
beauty. S as true to her school-girl tastes,
and scorr, eo eat anything at supper,but
pickleqand green apples, Two- young~ladies
from N , were beautiful enough to re
alize the dros of a poet, 'mon ange et ma
revel'-ant might aptly have personated the
denizens of fairy-land, or Se Pris and
Houris of Eastern fable. Their delieately
chiseled features,-etite figures and attire of
aztMe and whitd with rose-buds adorning
their temples and JiAir, rendered themlahnost
visions of loveliness. Supper cane off 'at 1
o'clock, and all were realy at the announce
net to do 3istice to the delastable viands
and recherche delicacies, though there was no
ill-brc, hurry to rush into the supper-room.
There-was no vulgar profusion on the tablo,
as the custox>f overloading tables as-forier
ly is now''explodvd. The compny began to
break off after mippe, as many had a long
distance to- go,.. and the party from Holiday
l11use arrived at htme after day-light had
farly set in. The tutor shared my room with
nie for the few hourt of repose which we might
be able to snatah before breakfast? tand when
e wet at breakfast'we entertained our host
ess with i emnod reminiscences of tt eve
iing, as she had declined going herself to the
rio-c thc.New York World.
Who Killed Stonewall Jackson.
The details which:follow are given on the
authority' of Jackson's staff officers, and one
or two others who witnessed all that occur
red. Tn relation to the tragic portion of the
scne, there remained, as'will be seen, but a
single .winess.
Jackson%dl riddeni foi-ward on the turn
pike to-reco,nnoitre, and assertain, if pbssible,
irispite:of the darkness of the night,- the po
sition of the Federal lines. The moon shone,
but it was struggling with a bank of clouds,
and siforded but a dim lig'ht. From the gloomy
thickets on each-,ide of the turnpike, looking
more weird and scembre in the half light, came
the malencholly notes of the -whip-poorwill.
"I think there must have been ten thousand,"
said Gen. Steward, afterward. Such was the
sene amid which the events now.about to be
narrated, took place. Jackson bad advanced
with some members 'of his staff, considerabiy
b ev ond the building known as "MeiZi !Chan
celor's," abouit a mile from Chancellorsville,
andl had reached a point nearly op'posite a
dismantled hotise in the woods, near the road,
hose, shell-torn roof riny still be seen,'$vhen
e ' r'einedl in his horse and remaining per
fely gquie. gnd motionless, listen'ed jptently
Jfor any indications ofCa movement ethe Fed
They .were scardecly two hundred yards in
front of him, tind seeing the danger to which
he exposed himself, one of hips 'staff officers
said, "General, dori't you think this is the
wron'place for you ?" lIe replied quickly,
almost' in'dently, "The danger is all over !
theenemy is routed ; go back and tell *A. P.
Iill to press rightgn!" The officer obeyed,
but had'scarcely disappeared when a sudden
volley was ffi-ed by .the Confederate infantry
in Jackson's rear, and 'on the; right of the
road-evidently directed upon him and- his
scout. The. origin of this fire has never been
discovered, and after Jackson's death there
was little disposition to.investigate an oceur
rence which occasioned bitter distress on all,
who, by ;m possibility, could have taken any
part ini it. ~is proable, hov6ver, te so'me
roovement of the Federal skirmishers had pro.
oked the firg; if this is an error, the,. troops
fired deliberately upon Jackson. and his party,
uder the impression that they were a body
of Federal cavalry reconnoitering. It is saik
that th'e men had orders to open on any ob
jeet in front,*especially on cayalry, a'nd thi
di sence of pielfetsi or advance force of anj
Id on -the Confederate side explains th
i '"'t. The enemy*were almdst in conta4ct wit!
thmn; the Federal artillery, -fully command
ng the positiorn of the troOps, was expecte4
to open every moment, and the men wer
I:.-.s :. in ta mitdoniion which induce
troops to fire at any. and every object they .
Whatever inay haveb6en the origin this
volley, it came, and many of the staff and es
cort were shot,' and fell from their horses. I
Jackson wheeled to the ioft and galloped: into
the woods to get of range.of the bullets ;
but he had not gone'twliaty steps teyond the
edge of-th*turnpike,'in the thicket, when
bne of his brigades, dawn Fx ' ivithia thirty
thirty yards of him, fired a volldy in their
turn, kneeling on the right knee, as the flash
of thgafs showed; as tGough prepared to
"guard against cavalry." By the fire Jackson
w; wounded in three places. Ie received
one ball in the shoulder joint, shattering the I
bone and severing the chief artery-'a second 1
ball passed through the same arm between
the elbow and wrist, makingits esit through
the palm of his right band, aboin the middle,
and passing through, broke two.of the bones. 1
-At the same moment when'be %-as struck, t
holding his rein in his left hand,, and the
right was either raised in the .-siniguar-ges
ture habitual to him at ti es of excitement,
or to protect his face from the boughs of the
treeg. Ii l-It haind immediately dropped at
.his side, and his horse, no longer controlled
by the rein, and fi i.ghtened at. te firing,
wheeled suddeily and ran fromn the fire in the
direction of the Federal lines. Jackson'sl
-hetpless iondit6ion-now Iposed him to a dis
tressing accident. Hia horse ran violently
betwveen two trees, from one of which a hori
zontal bough extenied, at about tfe height
of his head, to the other,' and, as he passed
between the trees; this bough stru'k him in
the !ae, tore off his cap and threw bim vio
lently lkck on his horse. The blow was .so
violent as nearly io unseat him, but it did
not do so, aud, .rising erect-again, he caught
the trIdk wih*he broken and bleeding fin
gers of his right hand and succeeded in tu,n
ing his horse back into the turnpike. Here
Capt. Wilbourne, of his st, succeeded in
.catchinr the reins and clecking the anin'al,
who wasL;alnost frar.tic with terror, and at
te same mome.nt, whp f-om loss of blood
,id exhaustian, Jackson Wvis about to fall
f:-o the sIddlt;
The scene at this tire wa gloomy and de
pressing. forse, mad wi4h fright at the
dIose firing, were seen running in every di
rection, some -of them rider!ess, bthers defy
ir.g control, and in te woods lay many dying
and wounded men. Jackson's ~who}e p dty,
except Capt. 11ilbourn and a member of the
signal. corpsi had,been killed, wounded or dis
persed. The man riding just behindJackson
had his horse killed ; a courier near wpun
ded, and his horse ran into; the Federal lines -
Lieut. Morrison aid-de-camp, threw hin.self,
from bis saddle, and hi horse fell dead a mo- I
ment afterward; Captain Hloward was nioun
ded and carried by his horse in the Feder'alL
camp ; Capt4iti Leigh.had his horse shot un
der him ; Captain Forbes was killed, and1
CatinBswveT Jackson's Chief Engineer,
body carried%by his frightened horse into the
lines of ge eneiny, near at hand.
Souch was the result of the causeless fire.
It had ceased as suddenly as it had begun,
and the position in the road whigh- Jackso'n
now occupted was the sanme from which ife
had been -driven. Captain -Wilbourn, who,
with \Ii'Wynn, of the Signal Corps, was all
that was left of the party, notices a. singular
circmstanbe which attfacted higatn1ori at-j
this moment. The turnpike wa.s utterly de
serted, with the exception of himself, his com
panion and Jackson ; but intbe skirting of
the thicket on:the left he obs,erved sonie one
siting on his horse, by th'e side of the wood,
coolly looking on, motionless. and silent. Th
unknown lndividua4 was clad in 4 darlt dress,
which strongly reseinibled the Federal uniform;
but it seemed impossibli that h' could'.have
penetrated to that spot without being .disegv-I
ered. Captain Wil,bourn directed him to "r.de
Iup ther.e, and see what troons those were"
ie mien'who had fired onckson-when theI
strager slowly ede1in the direction pointedi
rout, but never returned with any answer
Who that silent personage was is left to Mon-~
ject ure, -
jhMraIUX iN MNra CAnotra.-The Ra
leigh Standaord, of:2th ultimno, says: 1
IWel'e heard various complaints from
differen portions of the State, in objection to
a supposed regulation, to the fact that ladies
were required to take the oath- before they
were permitted to marry. such was at one
time the military order, but we are happy to.
say that civif law is so far restored that this
hard and inconvenient reg&lation ha beeti
abolshed ; and row, any and evry lady in
North Carolina is free to marry when-and
whom she pleases-without taking- the oathi of
allegiance, scept to .her sp)ouse, which re
hope to see duly administered.
BusiySs WiTlI THE XoRTU-A Northern
paper says...
his estimated that fifty per centum 6f.the
Southern inaebtedness ofe1860-61 wilt be
paid, and that onte third of .the present busi
ness of New 'York is the so't.hern.trade. Bos
ton is, also, beginning to feel the benefit.of
the presence of South.ern purchasers; and this
benetit w.nl t>e increased as all customers as
certain that the unforgiving and proscriptive
feelings expressed toward them by Sumner,
Butler & Co. are not entertained.by our mDer
i~ant, who Ve?eive them as cordially as ev'er
t~ey did, a a extend:No then1 as m'och cons
Ience a&~t zdvantages.
'Tc msret of trade-advertisin.
[mportant from Washington-Our Conven
11i's Delegabou's Interview with the
WASMGTO, October 13.-Judge Ward
aw, Alfred Huger and Col. Dawkins,-of South
jarolina, this afternoon, had an interview, by
Lppointment, with President Johnson. They
rere accompanied by W. II. Trescott, who is
iere en business as Executive Agent of that
tate. The President, 7after the.customary
yrelitn-inaries of reception, invited them to be
eated, when at once the conversation com
ienced by Judge Wardlaw informing 1m
hat~the' were a delecation from the State
,onvention 6f South Carolina, sent hither to
>rescpt certain memorials of th-ut body.Y~These
nemoials had been carefuhy considered in
he Cevcntion, .nd he believed theytold ex
tly the truth.
The Preid irt inq -*d the object of the
nemorials. Judge Wardlay infor'nid him
hat one. of. them was in behalf of Jefferson
)avis, A. .11. Stepfies, George A. Trenholm.
Lnd Governor Magrath. 1 said they had
inderstood that, by .the kind interference of
he Prtsident, Mesis. Stephens and Tren
iolm had already.been released from close
:onfinemen.t and permitted toretufn to their
omes. Ile would ask for Governor Magrath
,ither a pardon or that he might be released
n hls pai6!de. They could assure the Presi
[ant that no harm would result frQm such an
et of clemency. The Ptesident replied that
11 could not be pardoned at once. The busi
ess must be proceeded gradually, and an ef
rt made to execute the Iw. . A disciimina
ion was neessary as wt go along. It % .is a
wo eotnion expression, by way of argument
or clemency, that such a one Shad been par
loned,.and that be wasjust as bad as another
vho had not. Judge Wardlaw replied that
he'delegation p7resented no such argument a'
hat. The President said sometimes the pe
uliar locality had much to do with pa*n';.
Ake many other things in fiumn*l 'affairs we
annot haie a fixed rtde. Much depends on
iscretion and circumstances. If we know
rselves, we wanst to do what is best and
ust,and to show a proper degree of humanity
nthe part of the Government.
Judge Wardlaw remarked that tbey had not
ome hither t> ekpr6ss their own bop.s and
lesires, but as delegate from the Sn.th Caro
ina convention, ;@.,present the memorials of
hat body- in.a formal manner.
The Pretident-We will, gentle6tn, eiti
he facilities and civilities which the questions.
equire. We would prefer to pardon twenty
en than refuse one. Judge Wardlaw re
lied that they. did noi desigii to sayanything
vith reference to G-vernor~ Magrth, further
han that they believed mrch good would re
ult by the 'exercise of theExecutive clemency
owar-d bin.
Col. Dawkins said if he could get Govern.or
ifagrath pardoned, it would be a .great gelief
o him at the present time.
Judge Wardlaw thanked the Prsident for
iavng released Messrs. Stephens anid Tren
The President-We have that far, then, an
icipatedyour miemorial.*
Mr. Huger said Mr. Trenholmn was one of
'e most useful men, and there was no doubt
te would exert all his powe~r with a view to
tire harmorny between the State and the
The President repHied that he understood
ha was so, adding: If treaso,n has been comn
nitted; there ought to be son,e -test to deter
nine the power of the Government to punish
he crime, Ie was free to say Chat it was
iot a mere contest between political parties
h a question as tQ de facto Governments.
3ooking at the Government as we do, an~d the
aws violated in an atttmipt at the overthrow
>f the nation, there should be a vindiegtion of
.e Government and the Constitution, 'even
( the pardoning power were exercised there
ifter. If. treason has been comnmitted, it
>Ught to be,d-eterineCd by the highest tr@u
aal and the fact declared, even if clemency
;hould come afterwards. There was no mal
c or prdedice'in wishing to cairy out that*
luty. Judge Wardid*. i-emarks that they
were well aware of that2
The President, resuming, said i ifeH biaf
e some unkind feelings Sn this subject, but
t did not exist to a grea't extent. ~
Judgd Wardlaw said: Alghough not. in
structed by~ the Convention, he was induced
to ask whether Mrs Jefferson Davis, 4Ob'6 was
no~t terrfined to Georgia, could not cross into
S?outh Carolina to see her friends. Thg Pres
ideut replied that'he hadreceived letters from
Mrs. Dis, but tig were not very commien
da,ble." The tone 6f one-Q#them, however,1
was considerably improved, but the othersi
were not of,the character becoming one' ask
Judge WardlAnterposed .by. saying-. that
s was a- woman of strong feeling.
The. President repliedi "Yes; I suppose
she isa woman of.strong feelings-.and temper,!
b~t there is no intenlioni toi persecute her.
There is as much uiagnanimity and noblenes
'6f spirit in submi'itting as in tr ing to put the
Government at defittee?'
Mir. Hunger remarks that they had a deep
consciouSness of the truth of all the President
said. Th-e Iresident, resuming, observed that
the chaacter of an individual'-may character
ize a natiorswhich is nothing -but an aggre'
gate of.indiv'iduals, aE91 yhen a proper';pirit
s nifested,101l cais adt harilnion'sly. "Te
man who goes to the stake iralmost' diaBi
hed by his eai"ng-. -It lifts him above humihi
ation. In these cases,~ ger,piien,- we wilo
t'he best we canl. While there was agtii
judginent which must be tme. I assure you,
gentlemen, no dispositon exists for -persecu
tion or a birst for blood.
Jud law remarks that the tone of
the new' pel-s was wore favorable, and diff-j
erent from-what it ws- He then asked if the
President had seeii a t*py .of the amended
Constitution of South dirotna. Of 'course,
he said we gecept emancjpation. He felt per
fectly sati;6ed that the person and property
of the negro will be protected, and he spoke
of the great, difficulties of regulating labor
and of restraining vagrancy, etc.
The President thought that many-of the
evils would disappear if they itaugurated the
right system. Pass lws pr-otectingthe colored
man in isperson and propefty, and'he can I
collect his debts. He kew how it nas in the
South. Thequestion, when first presented,
of putting a colored t6n.on the witness stand,
made them shIIde, but the coloured man's
tostimony was to be taken for what it was
worth by those who examifne bim and thejdry
who hear it. After all, there was net so
much danger as was supposed. Those com
ing out of slavery cannot do without
work.- They tnot lic. down in- dissipaton.
They must work. They ought to understand
that liberty.means simply the right to work
and to enjoy the products.of labor; ahd that
the laws will protect them. That being done,
and when we com5to the pgriod to feel that
fnen must Aork or starve, the country will be
prepared to receive a system applicable to
loth white-and blA-p-'epared. to receive a
system-necessary to'the case. A short time
bick, Yu could not force the vagrant law on
the black, but you could on the white man.
But get the public mind right,4 nd you can
treat both aliker Let us ge 'the gn'bral
priniples, and kJ.ie' detasls and calculations
will follow.
A cetersation of some Rength ensued be
tween the Pre4dent ad dge Wafflaw and
Mr. Trescott as tothe legisl.tion of te State
necessary ri refrence to the condition.of the
freedmen, and tliecope and consequences of
the circular No. 145 of the Adjutant-Ceneral's
Department, relativ to abandoned lagds in
South Carolina and other- Southern States.
The examination of these subjects it is un
derstood, is'to be continued at another inter
Tlee President said: We must be* trtical
and come up to surrounding circumstances.
Judge Wardlaw, 00i Dawkina and Mr. Hu
ger all expressed to tl- President their con
viction that their State had accepted, fn good
faith, the' results of the issue which had been
mad' ; that the people felt that the President
had st6od between then,and a harA - use of
the power of the Governmetit ihat ie felt
entire confidenee in his purposes and actions,.
and hve, in return, to entitle themselvis to
his confidence as to their feelings and actions..
The President replied that he was glad.to hear
it; that whereven' such mutual confidence ex
istel, there would, he thought, be an open
road to the restoration of good feelings and
prosperous condition, and that if'-he knewl
himself, and though,t he did, he wou&m recoe
mend nothing but,what woli advance their
interests. So far from pandering to or lo,ok
ing to ftuture elevation, he must be believed
when he said be bad no,eye, Mi'gi, 'td such
preferment. .If, he continued, I could be in
strumerftal in restoring the Government to
its formei- relationis, and he the p'eople once
more united and happy, i should .feel that I
had more han filldd the riisra of iy rin
bition. If I could feel that I had centribu
teto this in any degree mny heart. would .hi
more than gratified and my ambition fiilIy.
i'udge Wardlaw-Every man inSooth Caro
lina wou-ld respond to th.at~
Mr. IIugi-I am sure there is, on their
part, no want of -faith. They deserve your
confidence, and I am. sure they will etrni it.
The Presidnt expresed- himself gr-atified
*!th *hat had been said by these geritleirien.
flr. Dawklis remarked:that all South Caro
lina reposeiconfidence tn the President, and
thit the mnem'orials preatM by the chair-'
en of the delegation represe'n ted the true
sentimentsof the people of that Sjtate, both in
'egard tqg gUose whom ;they wish pa,rqaned
and the -feeling and' position of Sdtigh~ Carn
'fhe Moubile 43crtiser gives the. following
imporant inforniation in regard, to the ques
tin of Ihbor supply for the Sotth:
"We re'ceived a call, yesterday, from Cap{.
Thomas H. Boyle, formerly of the shijprioon
deroga, for some time epgnged in transporting
Cinadreti o HIavant; He is well aeq'uain ted
with the people, and believe they will afford,
the best aned cheapest labovr in the world.
He proposes, ori guarantee of paymerit of their
siege money, to bring here first'from Cuba,
where their ~ortacT.'ate abiout ex'pering, ond
afterwards from C06%Im, such..umbers as may
be required.
"They make good plantation hands, and
are unsmiassd-. es ltfurni-servants. They
ar, of course, free,-'ag'deani be hired 'Tor from
-$4 to $6 per month, and req-uiie -to be. fur
nished board and 'fur suitT cf .clothinig a
year.- -
The President, on the 10thinstant, granted
one hundred. and seventy-fire pardons-all
1Norh Carolinians 6f the $20,000 ois
iltary bu.ttons are 'very attractive to a
wouniii, esgecially if they are? bach~elor'a bpt
tons. -
When you offer oats t#ee horse 1be ay say
neigha bun he doesn't mean it.
Sft ,.tm-Ad miners, fromn Montaoia,bring
The Cholera.
Eer since ear1y Sp ing, we have been
reading, says the Edgefiel'd Advertiser,
fearful ravages of cholera in Egypt7ur
key, and along the shoresof the Mediteraneen
Sea. And now, on. the arrival of every
teamer from Europe, we. tre infrned-Oat
this fell and merciless deStroyer tWEU
man family is raidly. progressing Westward.
Tt is aIrea.- -iging in Italy, in the SoUiA -
France and in the E3st of Suain. Considering
this fact, and in view of the immense andcon
siCt intercourso, betfieen Europe and. Ame
rica, who can say that this dread plague may
n6t very soon make its appearance on our
shores? And.should it do so, it would notb6
for the first time;in 1831 and 1832 it'Pe
vaiied to a large eteri. and was aF
with terrible mortality, in Cwiada and tbe
Northern States. Not, however, with the de
vastating malipriity tTat characterized ift i
the dM c6unies. This =-adyhad reathed
'ncona, an imporfnt .city of Italy in"uly
last. . A - traveller may easity .reach Paris
from Ancona- in two days.- O-rAim. art -
seiles 4nd Touon, where:it is sweeing-off
hudeds daily, a traveller. may reach Paris
in one day. on the. following d
in London ; in elered dils more himay .e in'
New York:; a nn tw6 .days more be may be
walking the streets of CharlestAt, S. C. We
may well say of the cholera when in
"Thou art so ar-, and yet so near"
At intervals of from thirty to fifty ears
hI old world. has been ravaged by the chols -
ever since the earliest, ages. n.the-year"A.
D. 5-2, during the reign of Jusinian,Ampe.
ror of the Byziantine Empire, it broki".4* Ina
preiled for a calamitous period of fiftr-f&e
years: Such Was tbA universal coirploir of
the air thIt the pe4ilence was'not. cacked
-or adeviated by any difference of the seasons.
In time, its Prst -malignity yrasabated and -- .
dreed; .b-ut the disease alternately~ln
guishe4 revived ' 10f it was ;ot til the
end of fifty two ybars, that rkind recer -
ed their health or 4e air resuMed its puro -
and salubrious- quality.. No fats .bave:bee, -
preserved to sustain 4n account, or even a
conjecture, of the numbers that prishid id -
this extraordinary -mortality. .We only find
that dtiritig tdi-ee ihths, five, And ati
ten thou rsons died each day it e
stntino tht manycittes of thq east were
lehft .b%int and. that in B6erAldisielbon
Italy,. the harvest and vintage withere4 oi
the ground. The triple scourgouwar,,psti
lence and faipine afflicted 4he subjects of Jis
tinian; ana his reign is disgraced by,Iisi
ble decrease of the human spe8e, which haS
never been repaired- in some of- the fairest
countries 4-our globe. ..
The ' estilence now raging with such viol
lne in the cities on tho Mediterranean coast,
and making such rapid strides Westwaidis
~believedleb some to havae been broiight froui
Asia lJ4 M.ahometan pilgrims retuirning frorg
Mec~a and. Medina in Arabia. Bus 'a far
reatei- nrit!ibr .of people believe thuan.s6
of thtortiItyja io 2befandin the cttle
distemper which raged in Egypt l*st year.dui
the course of a few monithsi, during the fall
of1864, thert died, in that country, eighi
hu'dd thousand breLi, and as.uiany sheep
ots, camels, and other aniinals.. Tlfree
fourthis of thesesdead bodies were thrown in%d
the Nile, whose water is the only drink for
ui or beast in .Egypt. And at the same
time that this modern plague commenced its
avages in. A.ucona, ItalA a pestilezge way
raging among the cattle.of that country. And
at this very~ day, such a pestilence is raging. *. -
auong the cattle in certainrparts of REsia
Sozihe idea miay be- formed of the destru- *
hvenesand malignity of the cholera now e.
isting on the Mediterr'anean, when we *reeef-d
the fact that, on the 26th'June-last, nine huni
dred human beings died in Alexandria,Egypt.
It ippr;oaches like. gn infuriated storm. the
a~ built man ; it falls with Ntal violencs .
upon the innocent' child; it qlops not at the
stiguarded palace ;,walks boldly into
is Seate chambers of eiipfles -
Wise men of' every age agree that j
plgues are apt to follow great warsgi4. a
vast number of animals 9.f differentindsbe ! . -
bn slaughtered or unproperly bR*ied i. otd
inf&(hc , not bu id atsil
Having informed ourselves concerning.th
-holera' or' plague in the old-odntriekles
'applyttetionl to our own laws. Let us gsk
ourseves if .we have nodie to feafko frd -
page. . We*have just passia thi-ough a war
whose magnitudd. was, ypd still is, the won.
der-of-atos.~I thatwa iam &l
host of muen and beasts were kille
thousands upon thousands-of them to ths a
remain rotMing but a few~ mch-es -und
-at least noti sS deeg but .that1
arising from the~ decomposed bqdies a- -
wy tlhrough the thin crust of earth, a'ad Aeun -
pread~ into the drifting yabove, - We have
eei fold agj and again t.~after.hteer
-ains, one m'ght, in walking over a ..attle--* -
field see the limbs protruding aboetesr
face, in a decayed opndition.. Next year.a -
tell the sad result. uring this war.he- -
ha been enough bloo shed upon the Repam ---
lie of America to make a long, wide and deep
-ger. This. blood! was not buriep..- Sbidiqg#
do not bury- blood ; that they leave as.aun
dellible efrak of their victory ol- defeaj. Blood
eing the. *erf esserie of anitai l!fe,- when 4
forcedfro. its cells '~ety weaCi 4he. same
chahs at doet the by from whence -
cae;iMos, andeits od9rs mThl ihh
pure air, contaomating -it .as i dt~Ol
place to place.- This lovernment -cano - e
hs mot fe rfu l of al N en a ra aS ~ t t
autoties, street ommissioneCrs a,nd b4 0fd
of health; have a -weighty respons5ibility rest
in upon themn Whether or ndt the1 assWQ
ht dodadessen7c the-fct.* --

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