OCR Interpretation


The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, November 22, 1865, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026909/1865-11-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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NEWBERRY, S. C. WEIDNESDAY^ NOV. 22, 186 . NUMBER 48
--. -.. .- -vee - '
MI.ALMB
EVERY WEDNESDAY,
irry Q. L
8; R. M. QREUMEEr,
D PROPMIET0RS.
XifONT'S, EITU
e\PROYISIONS.
dAlai. bin advance.)
- as$11 periare, for
hr elkhe at insertion.
?neiilaRvitaiongeObituaries,
Of.per omalinteret charged
-LAY s(REtT,
Cisoa Mouse,)
~HLESTOTNC.C
N' -
ARDand
- LIQUORS.
RECEED BY EVE
2ER 4ods selected ezpressly
UPTLY ATTENDED TO.
~~4~kov 81885 8mi.
LE DEALERS
FTAON
the9aso AbieM &o 00plt.,
WR0 EI L EA E
OS N4AMETIC~ L *UR
g ~1~o ICH teir TONmVi
- Joea mdinitetheztenton 7, puela
FFRSmwEICE in h PUC AE
4 ifrmaio furnshd uonET inqury o
THRBR, OULE? & CO.,Aents,
No.4Sate seu-tis ,)
ERS - OH& WLES.R,
-9------c
-ac aR Fregh and Epneso' Goscn
,T. .W EERo,W .fr a . WTrs E.
EDWARD S AILEY
AS~FlR r~esudbsies in .the woodAE,uid
ing,Ste L Sold stand,) E onMa in- tyt or
poit rtin 's Hotmel.Seitenet,Tnn
All wrkr exeute lth depaeo, andm Ewa'
?qi jaorm t une d p J n uir o f
AT TEN~TTIO N !
The Ext"nsive and liberal.Shoe Iouse,
133 ME1TJNG STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
Now calls the attention of merchants
and planters to the following extensive
Stoek, which cannot Ve prihased by
auly other house South of Mason
Dixon's line,
150 Cases men's. women's ad chil,
dren's Boots a4. Shoes,
1100 Cases Me's, Boy's and Youth's
Fur'and Wool Ha,ts of all sizes and
qualities,
300 Cases Plantation, Turpftine,
Donaldson Brogans, of the first quality
and well adapted to the FALL TRADE,
Also a- full assortment of
-Trunks, -Valises, Carpet"Bags.&. &c.
$imiar consignmests received .weekly
and semi-weekly.
Country merchants will do well to call
and examine my stock- before purchas
ing elsewhere.
Agont for,Manufacturers.
T. C. n,151m
ALEAT BEEBE. - ELISHA XECH.
.NDREW J. 0. FQYE.
3EEBE, KEECH& CO.,
Commis'lan Merchats,
FOR THE SALE OF
Cotton and Cotton Goods,
Tobacco, Wool and Bemp,
AND
Southernand Western Produce.
-No. 6 South street, New York.
An erelusive CommIsssion, business done by
this house. D- R. PHiFER, Agent,.islithorized
-to make advances, ke.
REFERENcEs.
Iank-of New York, Glenham Company, G & S
Crawrrd, New-York. taw Phifer. Cnerd, N.
C.. Fordyce, Arlerson & Janney, Savatineb, Ga.
Phifer & Allison, Lincolnton, '1. C. . W. J. Kee,
man, U,tionville, S. C. .4rwi.te & McCaughrin,
ani enry Whitmire, Newberry. L. D. Ihilds,
N. B.-All Consignments covered by Open Po.
licies of Insuranee. imv.15 47 .
KING & GWODRICH,
* Wholesale Dealers in
Forp,ign & Donhstic
Dry and Fancy G.oogs,
14I MEETING STREETL
CH ARLESTON S. C.
King- &Goodrich:take this medium of mi
formiing the mnercihmnts of the ceantry, that
they have opened and are constantlyecetig
a stock-of goods in the above line, which they
will sell at the ,iowest cash prices. .' J. &r W.
Knox are to be foundiwithb K. & G. and invite
their ol friends ERd carstomers. [nov 15 1m
*Metropolitan Enterprise..
GREAT CIF T SALE
Or TE
NEW YORK AND PRGVIDENC'E
Jewelers' alssociath#fi,
eapital,,........... ...... $1,000,000
DEPOT, -197 BROAD WAY.
AR imen;e at ock of Pianos, Watches, Jewel
ry, anid Fa&nc;y Goods, all to be -sold fbr ONE
DOLLAB::each, without~ regard to maine, and not
to be mid for till you see *hat ybu will ry~eive.
CER'WFICATES, uam'mg'egeh article and its
vaineg,aae$paced in seated envelopes and T well
mied. An of these envelopes will, be sent to
any address:ou receipt of 25 cent.s five for $1 ;
eleven tar $s; thiri,y for.$5; six ty'&c for (LO
and one iudrgd for *15.
On receipt. of tbe Certificate-yeu will see what
you are going to have, and then it is at. your
option to pay the doflar and take the article or
neC :Purchasers may thus ob'tain a Gold Wateh,
Diamond Ring, a- Pianio, Being Machine, or any
se's of Jprelry on our.list for $1; and in ha case
can they get less than -One Dollars' Wotthi, as
there sre no blanks.
Agents are-wanted ini everystown in the coun~
try; every person-ean make $10 a day, sellitz
our Certificatesin the' greatest sale of Jewelry
ever.known.
Send 25c. for a- Certi6caute, which *will inform
you what you can obtain for $1. At the sdmte
time get our circular, containing full list and par
ticulars ; also, Terms to Agqenb.
Address, JAMES H UTCHIINSON & CO.,
~97 Broadway, N. Y.
NEW OS
AT
WHOLE SALE.
TNFORMS cIty and c.ountry dealers 4that he hasl
j ust opened at his establishmbent, over J. G.
Gibbes', near the Court House, C2olumbia, S. C.a
Jarge and handsome stock of -*
DRY GOODS, FANCY ARTILLES,
fleets, Shoes, flats, &c.,
Which he offers at wholesyie, at prices as low, or
lower, than they can be boughut for in Cha&lestonr
or elsewhere-barely addin& cost of transpan~a-:
tion. - nov 15 47~ 8t
wOTICE.
Iday. next, one HOUSE and LOT,.containing
about 'TWO ACRES, in the Village of Helena,
the property of John.Reid, deceased.
* .JAS. MAFFETT, Ex'or.
* mwo kcan. Nov 15~ 57 3
A Jaunt into the Coutry.
0 A.
BY QR. -
(Continue&)
I said that all-the stirroundings and appar
tenances of my friend's house-plate and pIRn
tation extijbited order hnd -nagement; and
,it is fru~e, for with all ls'idiosycrasies he has
been a successful f'irmer, and tbwonfer to
his friends is-how he makes so much or rath
er made so much upon such worn otrt.lands.
With all his theories and. visionary 'projects
he is shrewdly practical, sharp as a steel trap
but with much native Warulth Aind goodness
of heart, which has perhaps beei obscured by
long contact and attrition *ith tbeworld, but
w ich in early life was an attractive feature
in his character, a depth of reeling and senti
ment rarely found and which in its fresh
bloom was a relief to eyes and hgerts hack
neyed with the conventionalities Of a town or
village life. One would scarcely suppose in
looking upon that careless ex,erior that-at the
age of twenty-one it enshrined a heart alive
to' the most refined feelings and emotions, with
the most delicate shades of sentiment, anc
that it w-is "the'gla's of fashion and the mould
of forrj" And, yet, well do I remember hiin
when he bore himself with the air and mien
of one Vf Nature's noble sons, and his - form
was strikingly elegant which his early. ]Dve of
dress enhancedwith all the*factitious aids of
fashion. 'His wardrobe%as the wonder of all
his acquaintgnce and he squandered 'nonsy
with that profuness which only young.nW-n
of-a certain class- can ao. There was no end
of fine boots and shoes ,fi his bachelor apart
ments, and vests and coats of all kinds and
styles from flashy to genteel. He kept the
finest horses and no one wns a better judge,4
horse,fiesh. le rode better thaii most or -all
of his compeers, and he appeared to a great
advantage on horseback especially upon the
beautifulsorrel mare called Fannie, wbich even
tQ my untutored eye "was a love of an. ani
wal" to use a feminine phrase. He excelled,
too, in those rural sports of hunting and fish
ing, and in marksmanship at shooting match'esi
and his natural shrewdness or sharpness was
not suffered to rust by the kind of associates
and companionship which he met at Liberty
Hall, where they were fully developed in his
contact with the hard, keen-wits of the back
woodsmen who engaged in the practices be
fore alluded to in a former chapter. Wooe to
the luckless wight who unwarily7-engage~d in
ahors0trade with him.in after years, or tp
the spooney w'io engaged him in cards or
pitted a cock against his thorough breds in a
fight. But these were the exceVs or excres
censms of youth fosteted by 4s proximity to
the notorious locality before all-uded toothe
r(ewing of the vild oats of youth, whilst un
derneath all Kis there ley' feciings of the ten
derest character, affections of the warmest na
tu'e, a love fortisters and brothers and ot.her
relations'in proportion, which almost edeema
ed him from these. youthful irregulaiities. lHe
bad great quickness of.mind', and his intellec
tual parts were quite above mediocritf, and
the clffssies and mathematics at school 'were
no stumbling blocks to him as to many of his
cotemporaries or school fellows. His bro,
which, with his hazel eyes, are his finest fea
tures, also, is indicative of mind. The latter at:e
also susceptileof a softness, which if -not
habitual to him in later life, was formerly, and
sometiEles yet lends benignity to ihe expres
sion of his face. 'But I was speaking of his
ment.al capacity, and this reminds me of*. his
application to enter the South Carolina Col
lege when he was a youith. He rode .to Co
umbia and made application with the most.
promising success, 'but his 'freedom from re
strainO n his previous life could not ;br'ook
the idea of College rules ana regulations, so
he turned round mounted.his hors and was
seeni no more within the Cdillege walls. He
studied4-aw, and w.th every prospect of suc
cess in that profesGAon still preferref a life in
the country and the 'occupation which was his
inheritance and M~o thig manorborx'" namely~
farminig or planiting;. -But I have made a long
episode in this-somewhat elaborate portrait*
of my friend and will Aow return-to'the pdint
of divergen& where I had arrived at the
gate of his residence after ' unset. ft ws
situated on a rather elevated point with the
ground sloping awray gradually 'on all sides,
which made the plac.e look high an~d dry, and1
with oaks around ih6 hodise'the' place has a
pleasant situation. The- house is a plaint
country residence n ith no pretension to ar
chitectural bcauty, being only an o'rdinary
framed painted house w ith piaza in front.
This is not the hereditary mansion or rather
the family mansion, which is a mile further
on at the point where four roads meet, a large
red brick hzouse which in its isolated situation
looks almost like acastle ; but more of this
anon. The greeting from my 'friend's wife
was somewhat in character (when to her sur
prise I walked in with her husband and daugh
ter, and found her with their youngest pledge
in her arms,) "you are the last person I' ex-,
*Those whod righ~lt tink this pIirtrait over
drav'n and who in comparing this sketei with the
original in its present frame and setting, might
be inclined to use the wordsof Shakespeaire atnd
say "Look -on this picture, then on that" must
ma'ke due allowance for the modifying hand of
time and circum.stances whieh'often change the
character as well as the outward man and if my
friend has not now a hand and- heart "open as
day to :nelting charity", or is not so free-banded
asin his youth, bu~t cliing.s.losely no'w to what h.e
squandeed in.outh, it wil.or ou~ght to be re
memnbered that such is the result of experience
and observation,as a youth of prodig-ditv is often
reversed by an old age of elkte and ril'd econo
my and vf'n of avariec.
pected to see." I bid deserved this blunt
Lgreeting for my long procrastinated visit after
being repeatedly invoed and as often promIs
Ig to visit. them. 'Ahis and the natural plain
ness of speech and u*ner of uy,hostess whb
never affects apy tf tM "uatit#in Edo' of
-conventiopal life, or ,prhaps I should say U.
bane deccitfulness,' V+ the cause of this man
nei of .welcoming e -1 had no reas.n td
6inplain of my manfier of entertainment dur
ing my stay, for in te absence of some of the
frippei ies and wselesg elegances, of life, there
was every creature comfort and above All strjt
neatness-and o,rder. At supper and'brea,fast
there was the very' best of butter and, milk
with he richest creamy buiscuits 4 d, fried
chicken, as well ts some luiuriei and detica
cies in addition. -At dinner, to these viands,
were add d others nrore substantial, and what
was a treat to me, deliciops h'oney.' 'in the
morning when I ros and lifted the curtajo
from one of the windows of my airy .upper
chamber-to look for tb sun I found that
Phoebus had risen on the opposite side. to
wher, I-expected to see his glowing.face, or as
it seend to me in the west. Tbis had always
cbeen the case in former V'Ibits in formier *years
when in this part of the country, but I bad
forgotten the circumstaice at the t4me. I
was completely turned round, and did not get
right till I retarned home, My hostess still
retains muA of the very considerable beauty
of her more youthful days, though a matron
with eight childreri. She has not'eitber quite
abandoned the lighter accomplishmerta of her
youing ladyboodor'she regaled me afr 'din
ner with several pretty songs, %altzes and
quicksteps upon her piano, which still retains
ito excellent tone as in days. of yore. The
beautiful Confederate homespun dreses trim
med with small black buttons, wwc xbe and
her Tousekeeper (a young lady from. the Sur
rounding countryswhotias industry and sense,
neatness and .hkater,as well as some degree
of grace :and ebeg*nce. in person) 'wore tl%J
morning after ly arrival, were almost elegant
in their appearance, and were made, so neatly
and fitted so well that they were quiite credit
able.to the domestic thrift, jMustry and skill
of the two ladies,.* The young housekeeper
employed herself during the day whilst in the
sitting room in. winding cottoa yarn. v ith a
reel and windin.g blades, which caused her
figare to appear to an idvantagejas it requited
her to bend slightly for*ard, thotigh whether
she was aware of it I cannot eif; but I am in
clined to acquit her of any art in the matter, a
conclusion which issomewhat brI.ttble on nly
part o%good-riatured at least, 'considering that
the cotton winding filled or covorId my clothes
with lint as I lay reading on the sofa or lounge.
After breakfast the children wh6 ee old
enough ,to go to school, took their litach bas
ket and-satchels to wend their way t'd the 'old
Bield schooL,house about half a mile ditant,
which was built of logs and hard by 4.n ex
tensive piecgf woods, the academic groves
presided Dver .Plato-like by my frin anud fel
low-soldier' of Spottsylvania notoriety (before
mentioned) whose facility in language is such
a remarkable fea.ture in his character. Efter
breakfast I too wendedl my way withi the eld
est boy,, (a precocious little Fli.bberi.ygibbet,1
a repr'6daction df that gnome-like personage
in Sir Walter Scott's novel of Iennil*orth,
which, by-the-by,'I have .beat-d. was taken
from a, distinguished prsoiiage of out own
State, who once visited Sif ,Walter but who
did not feel complimented by the aiithor's
sketch .f'him,) to fligh -Point, . the forem,ecs
tioned large, red brick, ca. e-like .building
standing out so prominentf, stinctive fea-'
ture, seemin'gly so out of place in that unin
teresting country where one comes so unex
petedly upon such a place,- -
.( To be Continued.)
NEGROE'-S IDEA EF FRaEEnOM.-A ..correspon
dent of the Atlanta'o-ra says :
A'To sihow how impractical their ntotions are
I will cite a,few instances whjch I ha&v.e,,seen
tr learned -from hseliable authiority.' Though
the,fimei-s. are. all busy saving their corn and
pea drop,- it is no uncommon thing- for the
wiawrkn-o: of a.li~lantition to lay
down -the implemetts of lab4r'end 'go '. fish
ing herieby openily violating the contract~ the~y
have entered- in' with .their emiployers. One
bandy legged, thick lipped soh of' the cotton
field thinks he will go to sorpe city, probably
Atlantat, and commece c a Ila-ge commission
business, is wife, who is a splendid field
and, he aims to send to school one year and
then set her up ij. the millinery business.
One old woman has a daughter ; said daugh
t,er hak a nose 'as broad as the Constitution
and as flat as the speech of aiState politician.
Her lips are like two huge slices of beefsteak
bur!'t black on one side. Iher foot about the
sape'of a tenplate stone, would fill a stout
brogan, No. 20 and have no room to spare,
and to cap the climr, sh.e is.as black as the
ace of'spades and ugly as a huge nightmar -.
Now the indulgent and proud mother of this
beautiful daughter, is anxious to hire a good
piano and music teacher for her child. She
will soon bz of an age to 'set out' and it is
desirable that she have at least one popular
accomplishment; .I have not drawn on my
fancy for these things.- They' are facts and
no-poetic fables.' -____
The Tribune reports 10,000 olacks in the
District of Columbia, and 'great personal- dis
tress. Here is a picture of the sufferings of
thes eople:
"The most frightfulamnortality exists, as
many as 80 cofns per *eek bejng furnished
by the Quartermaster's Departient, most of
whom are for ch en. It is the opinion of;
physicians practi nlg amng them, and of
other close observers, that .three-fourths, of
these children die from neglect and want. In a
family of a soldier who lost his life in battle,
flee out of the..fep .children have died smnee
March, 1865, Gr8m the above causes. In ar-I
other, three out of seven children of a soldier
drafted in December last, bare starved to
death in tlie last three weeCksi
HEADQ RS ASST. CoX. BUREA REFUGEES,
FREEDMEN AND.ABANDOE ANDs,
SOUTH CARoLINA VND GEoRGIA,
CBARLESTON, S. C., October 22, 1865.
DEAR SiR:- Not having had sufficient time
6 reply especially to your <questions of prae
tical import put to me at -Columbia, I Will
now, with grept pleasure, answer some of
them. First-as trthe restorttion of lands,
J onclose Cirdular 15, which O'plaini its'elf
The oath, pardon and proof of title, together
with a, application, may be forwarded direct
to the Assistant Commissioner, at Chprleston,
S. C., or lodged wit1j, the niarest Bureau
Agent, who isrequired to forwgrd them to
ne. -The prooinay be a copy of the title as
recorded, o-- the aidavits, of two or three
citizenfs as to ownership. . Second-As to
lands embraced under Gen. Sherman'specj.a
Fivld.Order N6. 15, of 186, iyfY.ordes en
closed corcerning Edisto and tb Capt. Ketch
n, are, I belitve, qnite eplicit. All com
munications on this subject will be received by
Capt. A. P. Ketchum,.at the office of Assis
tant Commissioner, at .harleston, 9. C.
Please publish the circulars enclosed, with
this letter, if you think best. Third-As to
contracts, I enc]6se Gen. Saxton's. Circular
No. 5, of whieh I. spoke to ya. Please give
it circulatiom. An officer will visit the - Gov
ernor next week. and see to the establishment
of the boards referred to'in the circular. The
contract entends to leases necessarily, and
may not be of the form specified, it being a
mutual egreement entered into voluntarily by
the contractirng parties.- The form is given to
save tr6uble. Every possibo effort will noiv
be made .o make.contracts, whether -or W'a
ges o+ by lcasei,. for. the comn ng year., To
this end no efforts wtl be spared on the part
of Agents of Supervisory -Boards; to"secure
mutual confidence and good w'ill betweep. the
employers and the employed. All parties
must endeavor to work together. jjostility,
contention, and bad feelings are .deprecated- P
by me, and I will do .whatever I can nossibly.
do to bring about co%plete reconciliatiton:.. -I
think the Sup.ervisory Boards, as organized,
will have an immediAte tendency to this- end;
Fo.urth-As to relief establisbme-is, they ae
of two kinds-the. med"cal, and those for other
sufferers, as coM.:nissary and quartermaster.
It is sought to reduce them as rapidly aspos
sible. J. nave been lindered in the pi%pa'a
tion of the commii n'c4tion I promised yob,
and, therefore,-not hav1ig time-now, will send
the next f.-on Savannab-particularly the'one
with regard toiegislation. Very 'iuly yours
ID. 0. HONWARQ,
11ajor-General and Commissioner;
M. Wx. 1. TREscoT.
HEADQUARTERS, AssISTANT CoMMISSIoNER.
BUREAU REFUGEES, FREEDMEN
A,ND AB A X DON 3D L iz, 5s,
SoUTH CAROLINA A- GEoRGIA,
CIHARLES'ON, S. .C., October 19, 1865.
Circular No. 5.
I. The imprcssion. prevails. to a great ex
ter4 among the freedmen, that on the 1st of
January, 1865, the United States Governinent
is to give' them lands homesteads of forty
.Acres, and that for the-cbming year it is not
necessary for tbem'to contract with their for
mer masters, or other employers, for their la
bor. To corAct this error, all officers- an(f
agents of this Bureau in South carolina and
Georgia, are hereby',directed to give notice to
the freedmen XTittun- their* jurisdicti-n, that
such expectRtions on their part are erreneous,
and .that the United. States Governme~nt rhas
no lands to divide among them.
To provide for the cultiistioni of the soil,
give a proper direction and organizatjon to
labo", and insure the raising of sufficient .of
the necessaries of life to prevent suffering
and starvation, the freedmen are ur:ged.- at
once to,make contracts for labor for 1866,
the contracts to comurenice on the 1st of ,Jan
uary, 1866, and terminske with the year. To
facilitate the making of contracts, the Assis-!
taut Commissioner directs that the Sub-As
sistan t-Commrissioneror Agent of the Bureau
in each District, shall be associated with two
citizens, residents in tbe District, each selec
ted to the satisfaction of the respective .
tracting .rties, the three to, constitute a
board whose duty it shall be to arrange eenit
able contracts between the employeis and em
ployges frtelabor ofthe fred n Ir
districts where there 'are no agents of this
Bureau, tlie civil authorities a're requested to -
constitute'the board as above,' the twQ-citi
zens choosing a thirdI to replace the agerit, to2
act as agontas.of The Bureau for the same.pui
pose. ,Alaofitructs should be ini duplicate,
one for eaelt of the contracting parties-; and a
correct copy muast-be sent to the office of the
Assis,tant Commissioner.
11.- The following form of contract is adop
ted as appIicable to the -labor questiorn,. sub
ject to the necessary modifications to meet in.
ijiual cases and' peculiar circumstances of
contracting parties: -:
Know afl men by these present, T hat
Sof the Counity of- -, State
of b' eld and ffnn!y bound:so the I
United States- of' America in the,sum of - -
- dollars, for'the payment of-which
. bind heirs, executor-s and
administrators, firinly by these -preserits- in
this contract : That -to furnish the- per
sdns whose names are subjoined; (freed la bor
ers,) qd-irters,fuel, substantial and healthy j
rations, all ny*essarv' medical attendan~ce and
supp-le~s in oaedskn.sg and thi'e amount
set oppos.ite their respective names per mon th,
during thie con * uation o'f this contract;
the laborers to paid in full before the final
disposal 'cf t' crop which is to be raised b
th~em On tte pla::ttion, in the County ofl
This contract is to commence with the dan
and close with the year.
. Given in duplicate at this dayl
of 186Sup'dent of District.
Witness: - ~- - .
1ll. When fair andT equitable contracts are
made, the.y must be kept b4y employer and
employed. . I. . SAXTON,
. Byvt. Maj. Gen. Ass't. Commissioner.
- WAR DEPARTMENT.
BUREAU REFUGEEs, FREED$E.N
AND ABANDONED L ANDS,
- IIEADQUARTERs IN THE FImL,
CH ARLEsTogS. C., , 1865.
San applicant for the.
restoration of
h1eld by the Bu'reau of Refugees, Freedmen
and Abandoned Lands, having confortned to
the requirements~of Clrcular No. 15, -of said
Bureau, dated September .12, 1865, th<f afore
said property is hereby restored to possession.
The :ahova instrument to be considered null
ind void unless the obligation herewith at
tached and subscribed ty said
be faithfvUly and cornplied witX...
All differences arising' undert-is intr
ment and obligation arewto be 'dj_W icaiad
the Board of Supervisors, con4titpted
Speciil Field Orders No: 1, Bureau Refugees
Freedmen and Abandoned lands, dated Char-.
eston, October 19, 1865.
Pursuant^'to the instructions of th Presi
lent of the United States. -
-. . 0. O.'.HOWARD
.- ijor-General, Commissioner.
Offiial: Captainl and A. D.C. -
[oBLIoAMoN.]
The undersigned, 4V
toes hereby solemi'ly proumse and .ingaga
Lhat he will sure to the refugees an4 freed
men, now resi4ent on, his- -ta
;r4ps of the presen't-eor -haryesW -or un
3arvested; also, tbat the said.-reffgees anc A
reedmen shall be allowed to remain at their
presentd0ses. or other homes on th'e is'a-4d,
io long as the responsible rfu'gees and fiea&
men (embracing.parents guardians and other
-aturaprotectors) shall en ter into iontriWts
3fes or for wages.id termi satisfactoryt
he Supervising Board.
Alsditbat the 'ndorSne-% i takeI thQ
ope' steps to enter into eontr6ets with --thp
tbove described responsible refugees and freed
nen,the Itter -being-requirvd on.heir part to --
mnter into. said -contracts wAhiQ the period of
wo mcrnths from" date- or surrender the r%i
o -rethain in'the said'estate.
Als'o, that no obstale shai be interposed
)V the undersigned to schools sanctioned by
!be Sdpervising BoidL,
But -nothino- in this. initrament shall be so
:onstrued as to pelieve the above mentione 4
;ersons from the ordinary judical cons-qien
se of crime and misdemeanor,__
Neither tie land o*nei's nor- the refugees
ind fr&e"ri -will%e obligatedby the ingtru
ar.,t-beyond one year from this dNte un
the instrument be renewed.
WAR DEPARBTuEr. -
BupEAU REFGEs, FREDXE --
ND ABANDONED IN Ds
CHkApESToN : S. Oct. 19, 1865.I
S'cial Field OrdermWo.
The Agert'of the Bureau on-Alisto Island
will iminediatoy take measures toacoiistitubia o
Board of Supervisors for the islands'; to e:,sist
of himself and tiyo other citizens- to be
selycted by the land 0wters or their, aget
the second by the residentkfreiddiift
agents. A
This Board will- act -in maiking a
and will adjudicate all' difculiesat. 8y
arise between the whites and the frddmee
among the freedmren. themnselV Rxending
only to offences committed in w ts 'ieu.
alty does not. .ceed imnDripormat at .har
libr for a period of one inont -a'ime iot
to exceed-one hundfed dollar, 19tm5a
ses of criime will- bereferred -cmpetet;CVi 9
or'niilitary.nutbdYity.
Should police fc-rce e' ' e ca
by the board, the urg a gent will1aiorv
tofore, make requisit.ons,upon the flitag
iuthorities. Appais fr%n the decissa 4j
thc~Boird~to the Assistat Coimi.simaec or
Commissioner of the Bureu -may be mibd
ParsuanL to instructiona. from the Ps
lent. -
O. CUoW ARD,-4
-WAR DEART'MEiz
BUREAU B.EFUGEEs, FR -
CiRLaEstoNI, ..C., October19 85
S~pcial Field Orders Yo. 2. -
Captain Alexchder P. K~etchum, I98uIik8. .
J. T., is herebyappointe4 Acting si r
adjutaut-Geniera1, and emupowered to istse
rders as hereinafter specified, with%egardto
he restoration tcY former owners of lanids ses~
ipart by Gendral Sherman's Special Field-Or -
ecr N.o. 13, January 16, 1865.
I. e is chjarged wit, carry ing out:the ia..
~tructions contained in Special Y'ield Orders
~o. 1, of this d;de. Als&f with the comple-. -.
ion of the transWer of the custody of the Jik- ^ ..
sto esta tes from the - hureau to~ . te-former . '--- .
>wners; in accordance with the spirkadd let.
er ~nt~ne.in the ecconipanying doinment,
HT. He is fartler charged with extending
f. F. 0. No.- 1, and the actioni as to the EdistoL
~statesJt6 the other,.estates affectel by Gerr a
3hernian's order abo;-o referred to, with eeh
nodifications as a practicab!e adjustment af
lifficulties may demand. His attention''is
~alled to General Orders, War Depar'f;gept,
lo. 14fi current series, the; spirit of whichb- -a
vil -be careful'ly observed. -
,All orders issue4;pursuantto the ab,ove in~
tructionis will be '9By directionof:lbe Coug. .
nlysinner,.'Kcpt those sinedJb)'4e om. -
nissioner himsel-"- .~- -
>Pursuant:to the instr.rtionsfrom theWes -
lent. of the Unte,dStates. -:~- ~
* -. ~4HOWARU7
- Maj~or. eneral Coimissioner. .
OE~ciab.-e'C. Hi. HowaRD, inspeetor-Gene.
-al South Carolina, G-:orgia and Florida..
BIos FE.o.-AS we often see frieDds suf
erigsmn- tever-y trouble somaethirigs, we~
ublishide Mtlowing cure for them, ~hich
ye have hird higly recommiended. A soon
is the par:s begin to swell, get the tincture
f lobelia and wrap the part affected witt
loth thoroughly saturated with the tincture,
n~d the felon is dead. An old physician says ~
e has known it to cure irl scores of. cases,
nid it never fails if applied in season. --
-Ar ather rerriedy is vo-uched for by the Bu
ailo Adroale, as a ertain cure from its own
~nowledge, it is as follows: Take a pint of
ommon soft soap'and. stir in air slacked limoe
ntil it is the thickness of -gla'sier's putty.
dake a leather thumb, fill it with this compo
ition, and insert -the finger therein, -and a
:ure is c.erta*in. This,is a domestic application
hat ever~y housekeeper can~ apply promptly.
A GajsAT MtIsTAKE.-The MIacon (Geo. Ga
ette sags; In thec conaf*sion of the houi
nny o! the yheters have'deterined to sell .*
>ut their lands; -md either leave the country
>r move to town. They beliere everything
s so confused that it will be impossible
o make a crop rioxt year. They a#e seeificing -
heir possessions for a mere song, and doirg .
njury. A few sharpers are buying up these .
ands r t a-very low tigure, and will make for
tur.es out of it as sooni as the tide of emigra.
tion turns th;is v:iv. -We wo'uld advise every
one to be mzore calim and considecrate, and hold
on to their lands: This confusion.,uf scoiety,
disorganized as it is, will not always last,

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