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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, December 13, 1865, Image 1

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~ - - - -' '- PIOR T. F. GRENEKE.
TERMS-$1,50 FOR STX Coe fo i 0i if Eoion Lc R
ONTHS, IN ADVANCE.
UME L NEWBERR1Y, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DEC. 13, 1805.
THE HERALD
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY,
At Newberry C. H.,
ly THOS. F. & I. H. GREEER,
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
IER31S, *1,50 FOR SIX MONTHS, EITHER
IN CURRENCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
tPayment required invariably in advance.)
ldvertisements inserted at t1,50 per square, for
Irst insertion, $1 for each subsequent insertion.
karr'age notices, Funeral invitations, Obituaries,
VMd Communications of personal interest charged
be advertisements.
Charleston Advertisements.
SL JEFFERS & CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
teseralAgents,CommissionMerchants,
AND
LAND AGENTS,
OFFICE 118 EAST BA Y
will give prompt attention to the sale of
Cotton and other Produce.
WILL NEGOTIATE
For the shipment of Cotton to the most reliable
Houses in Europe and the North. And make
liberal advances on the arne n-heu in hand for
sale or shipmnent.
WILL BUY GOODS for Merch-anls and Far
.nr to order. WILL RECE VE AND FOR
A&RD GOODS. WILL BUY AND SELL Gold
dI Silver. WILL NEGOTIATE the Sale of
Plantations, Lands and Tenements, when placed
in their care. And on this subiect we beg leave
repectfully to say to our friends and the public,
that as we were born and raised in the State, and
engaged in business for thirty years, and having
travelled extensively over the State, and well ac
quainted with the location, soil and climate, and
teeling in the closest degree identified with you,
we flatter ourselves that we can be of great ad
Yantage to those who wish to sell their lands or
plantations. We are now in correspondence
with friends who are natives of this State, but re
cently located in New York, which will give us
additional facilities for finding the most desira
ble purchasers. We therefore offer our services
to those who wish to dispose of their lands, etc.
To such we say, send us a plain written descrip
tion of your property; the district in which it is
located; whether North, South, East or lest,
and the distance from the county site how wa 1
tered and the character of the streams; number
of acres, and how many cleared and in culLiva
tion; and, as near as you can, the number of
acres in bottom and upland ; and your price per
acre; v ith *25 to cover expense of advertising:
41n41 we will serve vou to the best of our ability.
IN FACT, give their personal and undivided
attention to every interest ceinitted to their
care. i. L. J. & CO.
I most respectfully beg leave to return my sin
cere thanks to my friends and the publ'e for their
long and liberal patronage. Ithank thei. And]
nlow, as the late disastrous and fatal war is ,ver, I
am again established in this city ; and (as it were)
commencing anew ; I therefore assure my frieuds
-and the public that my personal at tention and
energy shall be faithfully given to every mterest
commritted to my care. IIence I most respect
fully appeal to all my friends and the public, and
solicit a share of patronage. Born and re..red
among you, and thirty years devoted to business
under your own eve, is my reference.
Nov'8 tf *II. L. JEFFER$.
W.T H. CHAFEE,
No. 205 E AST BAY ST REE T,
(Opposite New Custom IIouse,)
CHARLESTON, S. C.
COMMISSION MERCH!ANT,
DEALER IN
BUTTER,
CUIEESE,
LARD, and
LIQUORlS.
CONSIGNMENTS RECEIVSD BY EVE-;
ZW STfAMER of Goods selected expressly
for the Charleston Market.
ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
burleston, S. C., Nov 8 1865. 3m.
KING & GOODRICH,
Wholesale Dealers in
F'oreign & Domestic
-Dry and Fancy Goods,
14I MEETING,STREET,
CIIARLESTON, S. C.
King & Goodrich take this medium of in
forming the merchants of the country, that
they have opened and are constantly receimng
a stock of goods in the above line, which they
will sell at the lowest cash prices. J. & W.
Knox are to be found with K. & G. and invite
their old friends and customers. [nov 15 1m
JOHN KING & Co0,,
IIPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
IN
GROCEBIES
PROVISIONS
FLOUR
FOREIGN & DOMESTIC LIQUORS
CRlOCKERY, HOLLOWWARE & GLASSWARE
ALsO,
-200~0 SACKS LIVERlPOOL SALT,
No. 8 HIasLeStreet, C
F1REWELL SPEECHI OF PROVISIONAL
G0Y. PERRL
INAUGURAL ADDRESSES OF GOVERNOR ORR
AND LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR W. D.
PORTER.
The following addresses were delivered be
fore the Legislature on the occasion of the in
auguration of Ion. James L. Orr and lon.
W. D. Porter, as Governor and Licutevant
Gover nor of the State. Mr. Orr was inaugu
rated on Wednesday and Mr. Porter on Thurs
day :
FAREWELL ADDRESS OF POVISIONAL GOVERNOR
B. F. PERRY.
&natore and Menbers of the Houe of Repre
sen ta tires :
I have come here to-day to bid you fare
well, as Provisional Governor of South Caro
lina, and to congratulate you on the restora
tion of the State, once more, to self-govern
ment and independence, as a member of the
Federal Union. Like the leader of God's
chosen people of old, I have had the honor of
conducting you through the wilderness, with
iu sight of the promised land, but am not per
nitted to enter it. That great boon has been
reserved for my distinguished friend who is
now about to be inaugurated as the first Chief
Magistrate of the State ever elected by the
sovereign people. If not within"three days,"he
will within a very short time be able to pass
you over the con~fusion and military rule, un
der which you hare so long lived, to that hap
py state in which you will be able to govern
yourselves, and enjoy all the :ights arid privi
leges of a free and enlightened people. Under
his wise and able administration, I hope to
see the good old State revive, prosper, and be
once more happy.
I am sure, gentlemen, that I may say with
perfect propriety, as the representative of the
Federal Government in South Carolina, that
the State has done enough to entitle her to be
received back as a member of the Federal
Union, with all of her Constitutional rights
fully restored. She was foremost in assuming
the post of danger in the recent revolution,
and in her appeal to arms in defence of what
she honestly believed to be her reserved rights
as a State. Gallantly and nobly her sons
fought through the war, pouring out their
blood and sacrificing their lives on almost
every battle-field throughout the Southern
States. When conquered by overwhelming
numbers, seeing their towns and villages no
thing but smouidering ruins, their beloved
State a wide-spread dcsolation, their wives,
and sisters, and little childien, and aged pa
rents at the point of starvation, like brave men
they accepted the decrees of God, and sub
mitted themselves to the dire fortunes (f war.
Sad and silent, with manly fortitude and firm
ness, they awaited the terms of the conqieror.
When th~ose terms were made known, they
were first, with a generous pride and high
chivalry, to assume the humiliation which
their State had been foremost in bringing on
our common country.
As soon as the President's Proclamation
was issued the people of South Carolina went
cheerfully forward and took the amnesty oath
They premptly assembled in Convention un
der the order of the Pruovis.ional Governor,and
reformed their State Constitution. as was de
sired by~ the President. They abolished slave
ry and~freely gaive up their two hundred nail
lions invested in slaves. When advised to
adopt the Congressional amendment to the
Constitution of the United States abolishing
slavery, South Carolina was the first South
ern State which ratified the same, and set an
example for her sister States to follow. She
has been first, also, in preparing a wise and
humane code of laws for the protection of the
freedmen in all their rights of pe-sonial pro
perty, and allowing them to give testimony in
her Courts of Justice. She has now elected
her Representatives in both Houses of Con
gress, and commissioned them to take their
seats in that body. She has organized a per
fet State Government, with Legislative, Ex
ecutive and Judiciary Departments, all Re
publican' in their character, and the members
of each swearing to support the Constitution
of the United States. Her Ordinances of Se
cession have been repealed, and she now
pledges herself to stand by the Union in good
faith, and with all sincerity.
Having done all this, you and your State
have done your duty, gracefully and faithful
ly, as becomes a gallant and generous people,
who are never afraid to assume any position
where honor and patriotism prompt. I know
the President desires to relieve yoruof military
rule, and see your Representatives once more
seated in the councils of the nation. I cannot
believe that Congress will exclude them, by a
test oatih, which does not apply to members
of Congress, for they are not officers of the
Federal Government, as was early decided in
the history of our Government. Nor has
Congress any power to impose on its members
any other oath than that prescribed in the
Constitution. To admit a contrary doctrmne
would enable the majority in Congress to ex
clude the minority, because they were Demo
crats or State Rights' men, or professed any
other principles repugnant to the creed of the
majority. The Consti-autional oath was wise
l ordained, and excludes all other oaths. The
powers of Congress are delegated and specific,
and they have nio othe"s. The reason f"r the
passage of this test oa'h? has passed away,.x1
if not repealed no one in South Car-ohina can
till a Federal office till a new generation has
sprung up, for all now living-nien, women
and children--did, in some way, countenance
the wvar.
It is known to you, gentlemen, that I was
opposed to the secession of South Carolina.
No man in America regretted more deeply
than I did this fa.tal movement, for I thought
I foresaw all the evil consequences which have
resulted from it. But, wvhen the issue was
made, my feelings in sympathy were all with
my native State, And yet, I conscientiously
believed that even the success of the Southern
States would be disastrous. The jealousies
and errors of the Grecian States were con
stantly in my mind. IDisintegration once com
menced in a confederation of republics, no oic
could foresee where it would end, except in
petty tyrannies, or a consolidated military
despotism.
Henceforth, no one will repudiate the fare
well advice *f Washington, as to thre iripor
.:uc ari j).-etit y of the Federal LUnion.
It has shown a power and strength, moral and
physical, which defy 'dissolution, till some ex
traordinary change has taken place in the con
dition of the people. The tendency of civili
zation is to enlarge Governments, and not to
disintegrate them. All causcs of discontent
or dissatisfaction between the North and the
South have been removed by the abolition of
slavery. The different sections of this great
Republic are mutually dependent on each
other, and the one cannot live well without
the other. The Southern States plant cotton
and the Northern States manufacture it; The
great West grows grain, and raises live stock
1for the supply of both sections. We all speak
the same language, and have the same com
mon origin. Our opinions and feelinr-s in re
gard to the Republican principles of Govern
ment are identical. There is, too, asimilarity
in our pursuits and habits, manners, customs,
religion and education.
History teaches us that the present asperity
of feeling, which may exist in the breasts of
many, in consequence of the wrongs and in
juries of the war, will soon wear out. Brave
and honorable men are always ready and will
ing to become reconciled. History teaches
us, too, that the ravages of war are much
more easily repaired than one is apt to sup
pose. An industrious and enterprising people
will soon restore a country desolated by war.
Such a people may soon convert a wilderness
into productive and highly improved farms.
No one need despair of the State. In a few
years, with peace and industry, everything
will change and wear a prosperous and happy
aspect.
You bave, gentlemen, in your legislative
capacity arduous and responsible duties to
perform, requiring great prudence and fore
thought. Your finances and banking system,
now p'rostrate, have to be restored; yourlaws
h-ve to be amended to suit the changed con
dition of the State; your militia system, now
more important than ever, requires your ear
liest consideration ; your judiciary must be
I restored, and in some respects it would be
proper to make improvements in the system.
But I am trespassing on the prerogative of
the Constitutional Governor. Henceforth, all
of my communication;, as the representative
of the Federal Government, must be made
through him, and to him.. I hope most de
voutly that I may have none to make, except
one, which authorizes me to say that the
President of the United States recognizes
South Carolina, once more, as a member of
the Federal Union, fully restored to all of her
Constitutional rights.
In conclusion, gentlemen, let me return you
my most grateful thanks for the very flattering
manner in which you have conferred on me
the high and distinguished trust of represent
ing the State of South Carolina in the Senate
of the United States. And let me assure you
hat all my energies and humble talents will
i be devoted to the promotion of the best inter
ests of the State, her welfare and honor.
I bid you an affectionate adieu.
INAUGURAL ADD1ESS OF GOVERNOR JAMES L. ORR.
i The Govercor elect then addressed the mem
bers of the General Assembly as follows:
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of elprc
enta(tices:
The Constitution of South Carolina re
qlu ires that the oath of office of the Governor
shall be taken in your presence ; and imnmemo
rial usage requires him to make, on such an
occasion, a brief exposition of the principles
which will control his administration.
The high honor conferred on me ky a a
jority of my fellow-citizens, in choosing mec
their first Governor under the new Constitu
tion, and the eventful period in the State's
history when the selection is made, fills me
with a sense of the profoundest gratitude. I
approach its grave duties and responsibilities
with the deepest humility, and with a sincero
distrust of my ca-pacity to discharge them in
such manner as to satisfy the reasonable ex
pectations of the State.
Under these circumstances, I can venture
wihsafety to make at least one pledge to the
people of this ancient Commonwealth; that
all the zeal and energy of my nature, durmg
my official term, shall be earnestly and con
stantly devoted to their service. With the
uniform practice of that partiality which
caused them to elevate me to this great office,
I trust they will exercise a generous confi
dence in all the acts of my administration, al
ways giving me full credit for just and patri
otic motives.
The States is now just entering upon a new
and untried career, where there is much to
hope for and not a little to fear. All of our
old landmarks in polities have been swept off
hby the fires of war-. Our social and indus
trial system have perished from the same un
relenting and unpitying cause. Some of our
most distinguished citizens, and many of our
most promising young men, have fallen mar
tyrs to the ancient principles of South Caro
lina. Grief over the biers of the loved ones
has tilled every household, and the tears of
the widow and the orphan have hedewed
every hearthstone. And yet, amid this gene
ral wreck in all the relations of life, it would
be unmanly to despond. The highest cour
age and the sternest fortitude 1s demanded
wherever the heaviest calamities overtake and
threaten to engulph us.
The people of South Carolina seceded from
the Federal Union under ani earniest aiid hion
est conviction that they had the 'onstitution
al right so to do ; and they were equally
em-nest and honest in the conviction that their
i.terest and the security ofa ver~y large prop
erty in slaves required them to resort to this
extreme measure. Other States united with
Iher to set up a new Government. The Ex
ecutive, the Legislative, and the Judical De
partment of the United States Government all
denied the right which we had asseirted, and
was ensued. All parties knew that slavery
was the real foundation of the collision be
tween the sections. The South engaged in it
to preserve andl perpetuate it ; the North to
destroy it. F'our years of bloody, desolating
war was spent in settling the issue, which
had been committed to the arbitrament of the
sword, and that liigh Tribunal from which
there is no earthly appeal, decided the cause
against us. It was a final, irreversible decree.
We were exhausted, our armies surrendered,
our last available recruit had been sent to the
front, and our resources were all consumed.
We succumbed to the power of the United
States, and under the wise and magnaninous
policy of President Johnson wve will, I hope
and I.>eieve, very soon: be restored t'o all our
ersonal and political rights in the Federal
Union, on terms of perfect equality with all I
the States of the powerful sisterhood. I
The war has decided, first: That one or 1
more of the States of the Federal Union have <
not the right, at will, to seced6 therefrom. I
The doctrine of secession, which was held to <
be orthodox in the State Rights school of pol- <
itics, is now exploded for any practical pur- I
posei The theory of absolute sovereignty of 1
a State of the Federal Union (from whence
was derived the right to secede) which was
believed almost universally to be a sound
constitutional construction, must also be ma
terially modified to conform to this imposing
decision, In all the powers granted in the
Constitution of the Federal Government, it is
supreme and sovereign, and must be obeyed
and respected accordingly. Where the rights
of a State are disregarded, or unconstitutional
acts done by any department of the Federal
Government, redress can no longer be sought
by interposing the sovereignty of the State,
either for nullification or secession; but the
remedy is by petition or remonstrance; by
reason, which sooner or later will overtake
justice; by an appeal to the supreme judical
power of the Union; or by revolution, which,
if unsuccessful, is treason.
The decission was far more imposing and
obligatory than if it had been pronounced by
the Supreme Court of the United States.
had it been tried there, an effort to reserve it
might have been made, because its members
and opinions often change. But the God of
Battles has pronounced an irreversible judg
ment, after a long; desperate and sanguinary
struggle, and it would be neither politic or
patriotic ever again to invoke a new trial of
the fearful issue.
The clemency which President Johnson has
so generously extended to many of our citi
zens, in granting full and frce pardon for par
ticipation in the late revolution, does honor
to his statesmanship and to his sense of jus
tice. He is the ruling power of a great and
triumphant Government, and by his policy
will attach by cords stronger than "triple
steel" the citizens of one entire section of the
Union to the Government which he has so
long and so ably supported and maintained.
He was well acquainted with the South-with
her politics and politicians, and knew how
ever erroneous in his judgment may have
been their political principles, that they hon
estly entertained the sentiments which they
professed, and for which they periled their
all; and after failing in their end, when they
proposed to return to their loyalty, that hu
manity and policy dictated that they should
not be hunted down for ignominous punish
ment.
I shall give his policy of reconstruction ear
nest and zealous support.
The war decided, second: That slavery
should be totally and absolutely extermina
ted in all the States in the Union. The con
vention of this state, with singular unanimity
and promptness, accepted the result of the
issue made, and declared in the fundamental
law "that slaves have been emancipated by
the action of the United States authorities,
slavery should never be re-established in this
State."
The Legislature has followed up the action
of the Convention, by passing the Constitu
tional amendment proposed by the Federal
Congress prohibiting slavery,. everywhere in
the United States, and conferring on Congress
power to carry the same into effect. Slavery
in A merica is, therefore, forever ex tinct. The
people of South Carolina have acquiesced in
sequence of the war with remarkable cheer
fulness, especially when it is noted that her
people have been the staunchest defenders of
the institution, on principle of polity, for
more than a contury-that her interest in the
institution greater, relatively, than any of her
sisters, its cash value at the beginning of the
war being more than two hundred millions of
dollars-and that, from a settled conviction.
her two great staples of cotton and rice could
only be successfully cultivated by compulsory.
labor.
The Convention and the Legislature, both
recently elected~by the people, have no doubt
faithfully represented the sentiment of their
constituents on this subject, and it cannot be
doubted that, since the slave is emancipated,
it is the fixed purpose of the people to secure
to him his rights of person and property as a
freedman-that a just remuneration shall be
paid him for his labor, and that be shall be
protected against the fraud and violence of
the artful and the lawless. The importance
Iof your legislating the relative rights and du
ties of the whites and the freedmen, at your
present session, -cannot be over-estimated.
The vital interests of the State, in ny judg
ment, are dependent solely upon the laws you
pass with reference to.this population. They
must be restrained from theft, idleness, va
grancy and crime, and taught the absolute ne
nessity of strictly complying with their con
t acts for labor. They must be protected in
their person and property ; and, for a few
years at least, some supervisory powver should
be established to ratify their contracts for
labor, until their experience and increasing
knowledge may teach them to guard against
the craft of the unscrupulous. To insure his
protection of person and property, and to
guard sc.ciety against tumultuous disturb
ances of the peace-agaaimst trespasses, re
taliations and assassinations-it will be indis
pen saply necessary to modify the rules of the
evidence so as to permit the negro to testify
in all cases where his rights of person and
property are involved.
The lab or of every negro in the State is
needed, if not to till the soil, in sc me other
useful employment-for the culture of cotton
and rice ; anid, in all menial occupations, it is
very doubtful whether any laborers in this
country or in Europe cani supply his place.
Iis long andl thorough training in these em
ployments give him a certain skill and apti
tude which a stra.nger can only obtain by cx
perience. It is, therefore, of the first imapor
tance that such a policy should be adopted as
will enable the farmers and planters to em
ploy the negro, and that he should reiiain
cheerful and contented.
But there is another consideration pr'omp
ing us to legislate hu maiiely and for the ne-I
gro. Ie has been born and reared among us,
nd while lie has, unfortunately, q1ualities
that stamp his inferiority to the white man,
ie possesses others that invite our respect.
As a class, during the war, their loyalty to
their owners an'd to society was worthy of the
Ihighest commlend(ationI. Ini no single instance,
b-flwhr th,, ave poulation prepoudera
ed over the whites as an hundred to one, was
here an outbre!ik or insurrection. With a full
nowledge on their part of the nature of the
:ontest, and the deep personal interest they
iad in its issue, is it not wonderful that they
luietly pursued their labor, and mainly pro
luced the supplies that fed our armics ? If
here be reason to complain that the negro
ias been emancipated, in derogation of the
,ight and interest of the owner, such com
laint cannot be lodged ngainst him ; what
,ver of ill feeling exists in the minds of for
ncr owners for the present state of affairs, it
s not just that it should be visited or; him.
[nterest and humanity require us to treat
bim kindly, and to elevate him, morally and
ntellectually ; it will make him a better la
orer, neighbor and man. Suddenly relieved
prom the restraints of the survile condition in
vhich he was born and reared, his ignorance
:an excite no surprise ; nor can we hope that
be will eschew vice and crime. I' he is to
live in our midst, none are so deeply interes
,ed in enlightening and elevating him as our
selves.
The Constitution of the United States. rec
>gnized property in slaves, and an appropria
ion was made by Congress to indemnify
ilave owners in the District of Columbia,
,hen slavery was abolished there in 1861. I
herefore cherish the hope that Congress will,
is soon as the public deLA is provided for,
iake some just and equitable arrangement,
o make the citizens of the South some com
ensation for the slaves manumitted by the
Jnited States authorities.
The pursuits of South Carolina have not
ieretofore been sufficiently diversified. Ag
iculture was the great business of the State.
rhe mechanic, the manufacturer, and the ar
izan, have not been encouraged to migrate
hither, and the native population have not
mbarked in these employments. The result
bas been that most of the proceeds of the two
reat staple crops-cotton and rice-have
been expended without the limits of the State,
A purchasing such necessary articles as
hould have been fabricated or manufactured
xithin our borders.
Every facility and encouragement should
be given by the State Government and by
the people, to immigrants from the North and
Erom Europe, so that this gre-it deficiency in
3killed labor may, at an early day, be supplied.
Under our former system of labor, immi
gration was discountenanced from an appre
bension that the immigrants, when they loca
ted in the country, -would prove hostile and
dangerous to the institution of slavery from
want of knowledge and sympathy in it. The
great change in the condition of the negroes
has removed this objection, and the material
prosperity of the State imperatively demands
a great increase of agricultural and mechani
cal labor.
The pre'sent is a most auspicious time for
embarking in manufacturing pursuits. Tle
high tariff which is likely to be continued for
many years without material reduction, prom
ises such protection to this interest as will
enable every branch of manufactures to be de
veloped. The extensive water-power in the
Central, Northern and Western portions of
the State-the salubriousness of the climate
the equable temperature-the facilities for
transportation over the Rail Roads penetra
ting every section of the State, invite capital
ists, at home and abroad, to invest their moni
cy in these enterprises, promising such hand
some remunerating rewards. Companies are
already being organized to negotiate the sellI
ing and purchasin'g of lands and manufactur
ing sites, and wherever a citizen owns a wa
ter-power and is unable to improve it wit-h
his own means, let him invite his neighbors
to form a company ; and if that fails, invite1
strangers ; and if that fails, let him sell to1
those who will improve and develop it.
By well directed enterprise and energy eve
ry water-power in the State, in a few brief
years, will be decorated with a manufactoiry
or a machine shop. - The accummulation of
capital and the great influx of population it
will bring will stimulate industry. The far
mer having a home market can diversify his
labor and make it more profitable. Activity
will be imparted to coinmercial pursuits.
Manufactures will .flourish and yield large
profits to their owners, fostered and protected
as they will be for many years by high pro
tective tariffs. A harmonious combination of
agriculture, commerce and manufactures
and all of them are inviting in this Statd
will bring us wealth and prosperity. We can
then build up school houses and 'churches and'
colleges, and make new Carolina not unwor
thy of the fame and renown of old Carolina;
Our first great want is enterprise and in
dstry-if we will we command thoem. Our
next great want is skilled labor-this must
come from the North -and from Europe ; it
will not come if we do not invite it and ex
tend the hand of friendship to the immigrant.
If he is looked upon with enmity anid suspic
ion, it cannot be expected that he will make
yourcountry the home of himself and his;
descendants ; and other States, more saga
cious, will derive the benefit of his skill, capi
tal and citizenship. Our last want is capital,
to develope the great and valriedl resources of
this State. It is to be obtained by labor, and
from abroad, by making its profits remunera
tive to the owner. With these wants sup
plied, there is no reason to view our future
gloomily ; on the contrary, there is much to
hope for ourselves and posterity.
We have emerged from a long and disas
trous war, with our cities and towns burnt,I
our houses destroyed, our fields and planta
tions ravaged, and our wealthi scattered, but
we are in no worse condition than our forefa
thers when they caine out of the revolution.
Their virtue and labor and economy soon
made them a more prosperous people than
ever before. Why may not the same quali
ties work out the same happy result for us ?
It is vain to indulge in repinings over the
misfortunes of the past. Our work is with
and for the future. If we are to dleserve well
of the country and of posterity, it must de
pend on the fidelity with which it is execu
A new ConstItution has been adopted, and
by it your Government has been liberalized.
Every citizen may aspire to its honors ; and
if esteemed wothy by his fellows, may occu
py its high places. It merits a fair trial from
the people, andI will doubtless receive it The
hope is ardently cherished by me that every
change made in the old Constitution may
prove a salutary reform. With the courts
,he criminal law, the evil passions ol aa ana
nconsiderate men will he restrained, and- or
ler soon restored to society.
The total destruction of large tracts of coun
try by an invading army, and the exhaustion
of the entire State consequent upon a long
war, incapacitates the people from paying the
Usual amount of taxes, and it behooves all
departments of the Government to praeticed
and enforce a rigid economy; The annal
appropriations heretofore made will undei go
the closest scrutiny, and whenever a reduc
tion can be made, or the appropriation eviire
ly dispensed with, it will be done. Ahlsu
pernumerary offices abolished, and the le;
ries of those continued reduced wheneve it
can be done without detriment to the piXlic
service, so that the expenditures for the sup
pott of the Government will be reduced, to
the most frugal standard. The Executive
Department will cordially co-perat ..with.
you in all measures to reduce the experAds of
the State to the lowest standard comptUbld
with its efficient administration.
Invoking the blessing of Almighty God on
our united efforts to ameliorate the condiftiort
of our desolated and afflicted cotintty, nd
appealing to Him for wisdom, m6deration.and
fortitude in the discharge of our grave and ar
duous labor, I am prepared to take the oa. to
support the Constitution of this Stat6.andine
United States, and enter upon the duties. of
Chief Magistrate of South Carolina.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF LIEUTENANT-GOVER
WILLIAM D. PORTER.
Gentlemen of Me Senate and flouse of Rpre
sentatires:
To the good people of the State, through
you as their chosen Representatives, I retdrn
my sincere thanks for the honor conferred on
me. During a term of public service, runnmg
through a period of twenty-five years, it 4ias
not been my lot before to make any appeal-to
the whole people of the State, or to rceve
any previous proof of their trust and con6fi
dence. Regarding this election as a token ;of
their favor and approbation, I receive it wii
thankfulness and shall always cherish it with
Pride.
The amended Constitutin of the State, prd
vides that the Lietutenant-Governor shall act
as President of the Senate. It will now be
come my duty td preside over the delibert
tions of that body. Happily the duties of the
chair are not strange to me, and my recolec
tion of the kindness and courtesy of Senatorg
in foriber days, itakes tne feel that I shall
still be among my friends, who will exten4
me all the indulgence and support that .ma
be needed.
A great change has come over us vbn
the last year. The evidences of it are eve
where about us in prostration, wreck and
ruin. All, all is changed, save our mutual
friendships, and the deep unwave?ing love. we
feel for our State, the common mother for us
all. The former have sustained us in all our
trials ; and of the latter nothing but death
can deptive us-not war, nor peace, nor p.ros,
perity, nor adversity, nor the chancesof iiindi
nor the turning tide of fortune. Like
true children, in the hour of distress we,clig
closer to the bosom that has nourished u&
It is our refuge and our sti-ehfth.
The past is fixed beyond recall. 's an
not alter it, but we may learn from its. teadb
ings, if we are wise to improve the occasion,
It is with the present and future that we
have to deal. It does not pertain to mny offie
to suggest measures for your consideiation;
but I may be permitted to say a word or twd
in relation to the spirit and temper in whieh
we should deal with our' present exigencies.
We should, of course, realize our new situa
tion on its full extent, and also realize that
what may be right and proper in relation to
one condition of things may not necessariff
be either right or proper in relation to a
ther and a different condition of things. Tus
great obstacles we have to encounter are .id
our pride and prejudices-in feelings and
opinions that are traditional with .us; and
have grown to be a part of our second natoirs
The question of honor or disho.nor in any par
ticular case must be resolved by each individ.
ual for h:mself. It depends upon the . mind);
the intent, the purpose. It depends miiehj
too, upon the relative situation of parties.
There may be more dishonor. in requiring and
enforcing a condition than in accepting and
submitting to it. Between victor and YZa&
quished he is most inagnanimo.~us who rises
to the highest levels of the occasion, and, best
satisfies the requirements of honor, -self-res
pect, truthfulness and generosity. But. cer.
tainly he who acts well his part in a&verse
circumstances must commnand respect, 'atid
ned not fedl hum ilIation. Especially now ia
hratical matters, should we guard against:aa
.bstinate adhereuce to theory without :suffi
iht regard to new.facts and conditions. TM?
example; we liave renounced slave labor~ -.4
accepted free labor. Let tis not condewa':ths
latter in advance-let us not prejudge .its fail=
re. This is the way to insure faiure, -Let
us give It fair play and deal with it like met
who are determined that it shall stieceed;
This is the way to insure success. tiur o*id
interest and the interest of those whose -lbt
is cast with us, the happinness and prosperi
ty of our State depenid upon our grapphit
with this great industrial problem in .
faith and with a brave, cheerful, conaident
and determined spirit. The work of recrea
tin is in our hands, and if we shall succeed
in buildmng up dnew our waste places and in
laying the sure foundations of a large and en
during prosperity, the blessings of those wild
come after us will rest upon our names.
Our people have pledged anew their faitUi
to the Government of the United States; This
is a matter of honor and they will kell and
rut redeem their faith. Tbose who doubt
themn do not know them. They have beert
brave in war and Will be true in peace. Td
afect enthusiasm nlow would be a hollow
mockery, the basest of hypocricies; It carinot
be expected of thema. T hey have their griefs
and their memories..
These are sactdd anid are ,ettled to fos -
ect and cannot be taken froni thern, but
they will not s,uffer them to curiie in confict
with their duties. All they ask in return is
a truth and a faith commensurate with their
own. And so may be laidi the foundations of
a confidence that will be firm and enduring,
ard will ripen in time into that good will, es
teem and( harmony that can alone make a
Government ai blessing, and a people conten
ted and happy.
A t the conclusion the oath of~ office was a
ministered by Chief Justice ljuNar.

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