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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, February 21, 1866, Image 1

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TtRMS-$1,50 FOR Six c o e l fil e i 3s 'CIU' EDIORs o IfEfER
MONTHS IN ADVANNCE.EWBERRY, S. C.WEDNESDAY, FERUAY 186. NUMBER8
VOLUME II. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUAYI,166 UBR8
THE H ERALD
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY,
At Newberry C. H.,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GRENEM9
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
ERMS, $1,50 FOR SIX MONTHS, EITHER
IN CURRENCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
'(Payment required invariably in advance.)
Advertisements inserted at .1,50 per square, for
9rst insertion, -1 for each subsequent insertion.
Uarr'age notices, Funeral iuvitations, Obituaries,
knd Communications of persoual interest charged
ks advertisements.
Counting House Calendar for 1866.
- I
-1 3Jj 4 5 6 1 4 56 7
7 8 9I1W01112j13. 81 91011! 12!13 14
4 11 i617 18119!i2i 15 1 - 17 1119 j20 21
->3 4 6 27 2 2 425 2 7 28
-2 230131 -1- 2 30 1 -
1li 31 - - 1 2 .3 4
4 5 6 7, 8 91 10t 51 6 7 8 9111ulI
111 12 lS 14 15 16 17;: 12 13 1415 16 17 18
S18 1920 21 22'23 24 5 19 201 21 22'23 24 25
252f2t8 26!27.28129 .30 .31 -
2 126 27 2 - -I-1
4 56 7 8 9 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1113 15117 91- 1411 3 14 15
18 1920,21 22,23 24 16 171 1'1-0-21,22
2527 28 2913o!313 241 2 227 2 2
L 23 ) 28!29
1' 2 3 4 5, 6 r72 37 4 51 6
8 9110 11 l2 1l3,14 7 8 9 1R 11112113
516 1.18 1920 14 1516 17 18 19,20
22 23 24 2526 '78 21 22 -23 24 '2526 27
L12 30 -- - - 30 31-- -
--1 1! 2 3 4 5 L i- - 1 21
61 7 81 9:1011,12: (i 4 5 6 7 8 91
.13 1 15 16!17 1819 11 " 13 141151i; 17 17
29021 213 24; 25 2 6 118 10 2(ji 1 22 2.1 24
L 127128 2 '- 22o!728293
45 7 81 9; 1 34 5 67 8
111 121]3 14 1. ! 91 11 'k415
-b 1 18 19i2;;2 2 1 0 1til417 221,2_
2 72 26 27 2 3 2627 28 2
ife Leaves.
The following poem is touchingly beaniful.
Many an eye will be dimmed by a tear as it reads
thesv lines, and the touits go wanderiug away
to "memory's wild wood."
The day, wiD.h is s:adsals (i)ped ii dew,
Has passed through the evening's golden gates,
And a single star in the cluudless blue
For the rising moon in silcnce waiz ;
While the wi::ds that sigh to the :anguid hours
A lullaby breath o'er the folddc flowers.
The ilies nod to the sound of the strean
That % inde alonlg with ha11 lng flow,
And either an%ake, or halt a artde,
I pass through the realms of Lung Ago
1%hi'e faees peer with many a smile
Trom the bowers of Memory's iangical isle.
Taere are joys and sunsrine, sorrows, nnd tears
That checck thze path of life's April niours,
And a longiaag wish for the conaing years,
That houpe ever wreatrhs with the lairest flowers;
There are triendships guileless- -.:ve as bright
Aud pure as the stars in halls ot night.
There are ashen memories, bitter pain,
And buried hopes and a broken vow,
And an aching heart by the reckless main,
And the sea-breeze fanning a pallid brow ;
,And a wanderer on the shell-lined shore,
Listening for voices that speak no more.
There are passions strong and ambitions'wild,
And the fierce desire to stand in the van
Of the battle of life--and the heart of the child
Is crushed in the breast of the struggling man;
But short are the regrets and few are the tears,
That fall at the tomb of the banished years.
There is a quiet. and peace and domestic love,
And joys arising :rom hith and truth,
And a truth unquestioning, far above
The passionate dreaminigs of ardent youth ;
And kisses of children on lips and cheek,
And the pares.t's bliss which no tongue eau speak.
There are loved ones lost ! There are little graves
In the distant de-ll, 'neath protecting trees,
Where the streamnlet winds, and the violet waves,
And the grasses sway to the sighing breeze;
And we mourn for pressure o1 tender lips,
And the.ligbt of eyes darkened in death's eclipse.
And thus, as the glow of the daylight dies,
And the night's first look to the earth is cast,
I gaze ineath those beautiful summier skies,
At the pictures that hang in the hall of the past;
Oh, Sorrow and Joy, chant a muingied lay
When to memory's wildwood we wander away !
F7ron> Art emus Ward's Aew Volume.
flora~ce Greeley's Ride to Placerville.
When Horace Greeley was in California,,
ovation awaited him at every town. lie had
written powerful leaders in' the Tribune in
favor of the Pacific railroad, which had greatly
endeared him to the citizens of the Golden
State, and therefore they made much of him
when he went to see them.
At one town the enthusiastic populace tore
tuis celebrated white coat to pieces, and car
ried the pieces home to remember hi mby.
The citizens of Placerville prepared to fete
the great journalist, and an extra coach, with
extra relays of horses was chartered of the
California Stage Company, to carry him from
Folsom to Placerville-distance forty miles.
The extra was in some way delayed,~and did
not leave Folsom until in the afternoon. Mr.
Greely was to be feted at seven o'clock that
evening by the citizens of Placerville, and it
was altogether necessary that he should be
there by that hour. So the stage company
said to Henry Monk, the driver of the extra,
"Benry, this great man must be there by sev
en to-night." And Henry answered, "The
great man shall be there."
The roads were in an awful state, and du
ring the first few miles out of Folsomn, slow
progress was made.
"Sir," said Mr-. Greely', "are you aware that
I must be at Placerville at seven o'clock to
night?"
"I've got my orders," laconically replied
flenry Monk.
Still thme coaich dragged 2owlv f.r,rd.
"Sir," said Mr. Greely, "this is not a tri
fling matter. I must be there at seven!"
Again come the answer, "I've got my or
ders !"
Bat the speed was not increased, and Mr.
Greely chafed away another half hour, when,
as he was again about to remonstrate with the
driver, the horses started into a furious run,
and all sorts of encouraging yells filled the air
from the throat of Henry Monk.
"That is right, my good fellow!" cried Mr.
Greely. "I'll give you ten dollars when you
get to Placerville. Now we are going !"
They were indeed, at a terrible speed.
Crack, crack! wenL the whip, and again
that voice split the air. "Git up ! Hi! yi!
G'long ! Yip-yip 1"
And on they tore over stones and ruts, up
hill and down, at a rate of speed never before
achieved by stage horses.
Mr. Greely, who had been bouncing from
one end of the coach to the other like an In
dia rubber ball, managed to get his head out
of the window, when he said:
'-Do-n't-on't you-u-u think we-e-e shall get
there by seven if we do-on't-on't-on't go so
fast ?"
"I've got my orders!" That was all Henry
Monk said. And on tore the coach.
It was becoming serious. Already the
journalist was extremely sore from the terri
ble.jolting, and again his head "might have
been seen" at the window.
"Sir," he said; "I don't care-if we don't
get there at seven !"
"I've got my orders!"
Fresh horses. Forward again, faster than
before. Over rocks and stumps, on one of
which the coach narrowly escaped turning a
somer-snult.
"See here!" shrieked Mr. Greely, "I don't
care it we don't get there at all!"
"I've got my orders! I work for the Cali
forny Stage Company, I do. That's what I
work for. They said, get this man through
by 'seving,' an' this man's goin' through. You
but! Gerlong ! Whooep !"
Another frightful jerk, and Mr. Greely's
bald head suddenly found its way through the
r*of of the coach amidst the crash of small
timbers and the ripping of strong canvas.
"Stop, you maniac !" he roared.
Again answered Henry Monk. "I've got
my orde-s! Keep your seat, Horace !"
At Mud Spring, a village a few miles from
Placerville, they met a large delegation of the
citizes of Placerville, who had come out to
imeet the celebrated editor, and escort him to
town. Thu e was a military company, a brass
band, :md a six horse wagon load of beautiful
girls im nik white dresses.representing all the
Sta,tes in the Viton. It was nearly dark now,
but the del-gation was amply provided with
torches, and bonfires blazed all along the road
to :,Iacervi!e.
The citizens met 'he coach in the ou:..irts
Uf Mul Springs, and Mr. Monk reined in his
f,am -covered steeds.
"is NIr. Greelv on board?" asked the chair
inn of tile Co011nittee.
4-1e was a fcw miles back," said Mr. Monk.
"Yes," he added, after looking down through
the hole which the fearful jolting and the head
of Mr. G. had made in the coach roof, "yes, I
can see hin.-Ile is there."
"Mr. G reely," said the chairman of the com
mittee, presenting himself at the window of
the coaeb, "Mr G3reely, we have come most
cordially to welcome you, sir-why, God bless
me, sir you are bleeding at the nose."
"I've got my orders," cried Mr. Monk.
"Mvy orders is as follers: 'Git him there by
seving." It was a quarter of seving. Stand
out of the way."
"But, sir," exclaimed the committee-man,
seizing the off leader by the reins, "Mr. Monk,
we are come to escort him into town. Look
at the procession, sir, and at the brass band,
and the people nid the young women, sir."
"I've got my orders !" screamed Mr. Monk.
My orders don't say nothin' about no brass
bands and young women. My orders says
git him there by seving! Let go the lines!
Clear the way there.-Whoo-ep! Keep your
seat Horace!I-And the coach dashed wildly
through the procession, upsetting a portion of
the brass band and violently grazing the
wagon which contained the beautiful young
women in white.
Years hence grey haired men, who were
little boys in this procession, will tell their
gaandchildren how this stage tore through
Mud Springs, and how Horace Greely's bald
head ever and anon showed itself like a wild
apparition, above the coach roof.
Mr. Monk was on time. There is a tradi
tion that Mr. Greely was very indignant for a
while ; then he laughed, and finally presented
Mr. Monk with a bran new suit of clothes.
Mr. Monk himself is still in the employ of
the California Stage Company, and is rather
fond of relating a story that has made him fa
mous all over the Pacific coast, but he says
he yields to no man in his admiration for Hor
ace Greely.
Men with unassuming wives never fail. It
is the husbands of such women as Mrs. Dash
and Lady Brilliant, who finds 'hemselves face
to face with the Sheriff and certain mysgious
docnments adorned with red tape and a water
mark big enough for target exercise. The de
sire of a New York feminine is to out shine
her neighbor-not in mental acquirements, but
in gingerbread ornaments and gold edged
scuttles. If Mrs. Dash gets up a game sup
per-woodcocks stuffed with gold dust-Lady
Brilliant takes the wind out of her sails by
getting up another, in which the prevailing
dish will be birds of paradise swimming in
gravy made of melted pearl-. It is this rival
ry, and not "dabbling in railroad stocks,"
tiat brings ruination to the fast men of Wall
street. The "ilfortune" of which they so
much complain,. is no more nor less than a
brainless wife. If they would come back to
happiness, they must ~direct their attention,
not to the fluctuation of the stock m1arket,
but the ruinous absurdities of their own fire
sides Thousand-dollars repast don't pay,
while the mnercharnt who purchases one hun
dred dollar handkerchiefs for a "dnck of a
wife" should not wonder if the time eventual
lv conmes when a "goose of a husband" lacks
shirts, or be suplied with them.
The wealthiest congregation in New York
city, perhaps in the whole country, is that of
the Church >f the Ascension (Episcopal) in
the Fith A venue. Their aggregaite i' Ome
latyear is shown by the oilicial retu. .sto
The Women of the South.
[Translated for the Courier faom the Courier
des Etats Unis.]
For some days past the Tribune, which
generally possesses the virtue of self-respect,
not knowing, doubtless, how else to give vent
to its ill-humior at the turn of aairs, has lav
ished insults upon the women of the South.
It seems to us that a thousand reasons, not to
mention the simple one of propriety, should
restrain a Northern journal from such attacks.
The Tribune should remember, too, the hero
ism displayed by the Confederate women for
their cause. Whether this cause were good
or bad, the Southern women have sustained
it nobly and with a force of character which
recalls the ancient women of Sparta, and
which h as everywhere commanded respect
and admiration. -
Not satisfied with attacking the Southern
women, the Tribune instities between them
Itnd the women of the North a comparisor as
odious as it is unjust.
"Our women," says Mr. Greeley's newspa
per, "are everywhere a most cultivated class;
the women of the South are more illiterate
than the men."
We dispute the truth of this assertion.
There are at the south, as at the North, edu
cated women and ignorant women, well bred
arid ill bred, vulgar women. But we do not
believe that the proportion is so unfavorable
to the South. The ladies of Charleston, of
New Orleans, and Richmond have shone in
all the European saloons where they have ap
peared, as brilliantly as those of New York
and Boston. That the Southern women are
less literary than their husbands is very
-possible ; but we do not consider this surely
as a reproach. We do not like learned wo
men; we are repelled by women versed in
latin and philosolhy, and, unlike Mr. Gree
ley, take the part of Ienriette against Ar
manda. A woman may be educated certainly
but let her never become a pedant; and,
above all, let-her never parade her learning.
We do not see at the South such physical
and phiosophical ladies; we see only too
many of them at the North ; and what these
gain in science, if science that may be
called which consists in a great number of
ideas, almost always confused and superficial
ly understood, joined to enormous pretension,
they lose in grace and attraction. We say
this without intendit g any injustice to tiose
charming Northern women who avoid the
grotesque and ridiculous, and resemble in
this their sisters of the South.
Lct s Permit the Tribune to insist upon
the "gross ignorance" of the Confederate Wu
men and to refer to this ignorance their ener
y arid constancy during the war. We at
tribute the great qualities of which the South
ern women have given nobie ozample to a
higher origin. Ignorance, the Tribune has
said it a hundred times, can engender only
vice arid meanness-and, if the Confederate
women have been heroic, it is because they
had faith in their cause. There are occasions
in history when woman, whose mission in
ordinary times, is to make the good wife, the
tender mother, arid to polish manners by the
charm and grace which she brings into all
social relations, may rise above herself :and
give examples of the highest virtues. These
occasions occur when the sacred soil of her
country and with it, (or through it) the do
mestic hearth and the family are threatened
with invasion. These high virtues the wo
men of the South have practiced without Os
tentation, without theatrical parade. They
have borne all privations, they have defied all
outrages by their proud and impassable atti
tude. Soldiers drunken with blood, could
outrage their bodies, but their victims re
mained as pure as those Christian virgins
whose memories the embraces of the execu
tioner could not defile. All that is precious
to women-dress, je wels, the luxuries ofhome
-all these the Southern women gave up
they did not even recoil before sacrifices still
more painful-they (lid not fear to break their
hearts by sending forth their sons to do bat.
tIc for a cause, sacred in their eyes, like that,
Lacedonian mother who showed a shield to
her son and said simply-return with it-or
upon it-do thy duty, or die. Do not expect
such traits from ignorant women, from souls
without elevation !
And wvhile desolation brooded over all the
hearths of the South, while mothers had each
day fresh tears to wipe away, yet bravely
bore their grief, how were the women of the
North employed ? In developing a costly
luxury against which the Tribune itself cried
out, calling attentionm to its scandailous extent,
femmnine prodigality became more and more
unrestrained. We know to what disastrous
result this state of affairs had led. Some Ia
dies, it is true, like Miss Anna Dickenson,
gave tiresome lectures to promiscuous audi
ences, others clamored for pretended woman's
rights, and exposed themselves to the derision
of the public and others siill enrolled
themselves under the banner of miscege
naition. Is it among these classes of wo
men, whe defy good sense and modesty
in public exhibitions, that the Tribune
finds its ideal ?
Let this journal then cease to insult these
conquered women, of whom the defeat has
not diminished the greatness; let it cease to
embitter and dishonor its pen in sustaining
an indefensible paradox. The North, like the
South, has its contingent of good, graceful,
eduented, and elegant bred women; it has,
perhaps, a large number of that class who so
little deserve the name of women, and for
whom certain announcements are made in the
journals; it possess, also, a greater share
of learned and pedanitic ladies-but for these,
will New Orleans not become envious of Bos
ton ? As for good and well-bred society, it
is the same everywhere; and the Tribune
may be sure that a woman of the world, com
ing from Boston, would not feel out of place
in New Orleans (nor would the contrary be
true). In calumniating the Southern women,
Mr. Greeley has simply proved that he does
not know them, and that he knows still less
the common laws of propriety.
Three venerable ladies still survive who were
of the choir of young girls that dressed in white,
reeted \ ashington as he entered Trenton, im
178, on a wvay to assume the Presidency, and
who strewved his pathway with flowers. One yet
lives in Trenton, another is the mother of the
Ihn. Mr. Chestnut, formerly Senator from South
Cairolinar, andl the third, Mrs. Sarah Hand, resides
WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENUE.
Special Correspondence of the 'Parletont Courier.
AVASniNGTON, February 6, 1866.
The President is prepared to follow out his
principles to their practical conclusions. He
gave the four Southern Senators elect who con
ferred with him the other day, to understand
that they would find every thing right before the
end of this Congress. One of the Southern mem
bers elect from Alabama feels now, as he informs
me, very fully convinced that the President has
the political game in his own hand. That is to
say, the President will do his own duty, and rely
upon the people to do theirs. The President still
inculcates upon the Southern men the virtue of
patience and forbearance, assuring them that "all
will be right." They begin to think so too.
You may divide, as a majority of the people of
the North will, Senator Sumner's two day's speech
in favor of a negro republic in the South. But I
mark from that it is the opening of a new era of
agitation that will far exceed in evil consequences
the vote stirring agitation. You will perceive
that it will be a political issue on both sides. It
may be thirty years before Mr. Sumner's ideal
bl.ck republic shall exist, but it may be brought
into existence, if the five millions of his black
citizens shall grow into fifty millions, under the
benign influences of a federal government that
shall tax the whites to support a black lazzaroni
in the South.
The President will, in his very first demonstra
tion, establish a white man's party in the North.
I understand, as I mentioned yesterrday, that ex
tensive arrangements are made to give it effect
and success. LEO.
WASHINGTON, February '7, 1866.
The House passed the Bill enlarging the pow
ers of the Freedmen's Bureau by a vote of 136 to
33. The Bill is somewhat improved by amend
ments of the House, and it is a matter of regret
that Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, was not al
lowed to make it as odious as he proposed to do,
for then it would have been vetoed by the Presi
dent. Mr. Stevens moved to give the negroes
absolute, instead of temporary rights, to the plan
tations temporarily assigned to them by Gen.
Sherman. The House rejected it by a large ma
jority, and, therefore, it is claimed that the
House is disenthralled from the Stevens dominion
-which is sheer nonsense. This amendment
was introduced to defeat the Bill, provoke a vote,
and expedite a quarrel with the President. Mr.
Stevens knows that delay of the expected rup
ture with the President will be potent to the radi
cal party. Whether the President will veto the
Bill as it stands, is doubtful. I think not.
le may deem it inexpedient and mischievous,
but not tinconstitutionai, and he may rely upon
euch a change of representation as will rescind
the law in the next Congress, instead of making
it permane . f such a change do not occur, a
veto woul e futile, as a remedy, now -r ..*
time.
Congress will bestow the title of General on
General (rant. Politicians think that another
title will become him on or about the 4th March,
1869.
The report of the general officers of the army
upon its organization has been made. There are
many novel recommendations. They are in fa
vor of a national militia-according to the once
condemned plan of Mr. Poinset. The number of
Cadets will be increased, so as to allow two Ca
dets from each State, and half of that number
will be also allowed for sons of the officers and
soldiers killed in the service. The Southern
States, upon their admission, will, therefore, have
just as many Cadets at West Point, as Senators
in Congress.
Tise President to-day received the very impos
ing delegation of colored men-men of African
descent-some black and some mulattoes-head
ed by Frederick Douglas. You will find the
conversation reported in to-morrow's papers. I
have heard from those present that the Preri
dent was frank, explicit and decided, though
exceedingly kind, in all his remarks to the dele
gates.
His admonitions will serve to warn the coun
try, that if the blacks obtain what their pretend
ed friends seek for them-suffrage-they must
be exterminated in the collision that will be thus
produced.
Douglas remarked that, in his opinion, the col
lision of race would occur if the African race
were Dot admitted to the rights of citizenship.
So, here, we have an issue at once-or between
Andrew Johnson and Frederick Douglas; and
more than that, it is an issue between Johnson
and the Radicals, who seek, under a false pre
tence, to rule the country for their own benefit.
LEO.
Doia WELL.-Tfhe Livingston (Ala.) JOzr
nial, of the 20th, says:
We have made it a point to inquire of our
planting friends relative to the working of the
freedmen, and are glad to lear n that as a gen
eral thing they are conducting themselves
well. Some report them working better than'
ever before . We find that they are doing
best where they have an interest in the crop.
There is no doubt but this is the best way to
contract with them. Eaeb succeeding day's
work increases their interest in their work,
and lessens the piobability of their abandon
ing their contract. We predict that when
"picking time" comes, and the hands realize
that every lock of cotton is money to them,
the fields will be picked cleaner than ever be
fore. The freedmen have "a good thing," if
they will only "save it."
RAISE FktuT.-The South is constantly de
voting more attention to fruit raising. We
hope this spin-it of improvement will centinue
to increase until we shall be entirely indepen
dent of importations fr-om abroad. In no de
partment of horticulture has more interest
been manifested than in grape growing. A
little attention and expense would enable al
most every family to sip the pure juice of
this delicious and healthful fruit "wider their
own vine and fig tree." Indeed, we hope to
see more attention bestowed upon the culture
of all the various fruits which flourish in this
climate. It will prove highly profitable as a
business, and assume great importance, in a
few years.-Southern Cultivator.
JOB'S TURKEY.-As the most of us are now
very rich in poverty, and as the answer, "I
am as poor as Job's turkey," is ringing in our
ear on every hand, we ask from our learned
friends an answer to these questions which
have been propounded to us: In what consis
ted the poverty of Job's turkey? Did it con
sist in its being denuded of feathers, or in its
being lamentably deficient in flesh? Perhaps one
of our learned professors, who is to show us
that ducks have teeth, and that certain snakes
have feet, can decide these turkey questions.
We expect and will communicate answers.
Dr. Nott was President of Union College fot
62,vears.
Letter from Arkansas.
[Correspondence of the Louisville Courier.]
HELENA, ARr., January 25.-As every body
is anxious to know what is going on in the
cotton region, I drop you a line to give you a
few brief items. I have lately travelled
through a considerable section of the river
counties of this State and Mississippi, and
have been able to form a very correct idea of
the work going on toward the restoration of
cotton culture.
The feature which strikes every one, espe
cially an old citizen, is the remarkable energy
with which planters have gone to work to re
build their lost prosperity. Planaations, aban
doned since the beginning of the war, with
the buildings of all kinds destroyed, are being
occupied. The work of resettlement is going
on, and everywhere can be seen the building
of houses to the burnt chimneys, and corres
ponding preparations for putting in a crop.
Stock, furniture and agricultural implements
crowd every boat,; while from the exhausted
condition of the country nearly all are depen
dent upon the same source for everything
that is eaten by man o- beast.
The quantity of land being prepared for
cultivation is not so large as is generally sup
posed. It appears very large when one con
templates that it is almost like the original
settlement of so great a body of land, but for
the want of capital or of labor, fully one-third
of the cotton plantations in the bottom will be
idle another year. In this country, Phillps,
which, before the war, was one of the wealth
iest in taxable property in the count.y-its
assessment list for 1861 amounting to $16,
000,000 (sixteen millions)-perhaps there is a
more general revival of planting than any in
the South.
There is hardly a vacant plantation in the
county, and with ordinary gocd fortune the
cotton crop will be large, and will tend at
once to restore planters to their former inde
pendence. As a general thing, every one has
sufficient labor, and although no one expects
to get as much work from their hands as for
merly, it is not seriously doubted that the ne
groes will work enough to raise a crop. The
system adopted in this country is that of giv
ing a share of the crop, which is objectionable,
but regard it as the best which could be effect
ed undet the circumstances.
I regret to observe statements in remote
newspapers reporting the existence of lawless
ness in Arkansas is as equally unjust and dn
true. Everything is quiet and safe in this
section, and I venture to assert that there is
less of crime and lawlessness to-day in Arkan
sas, than in many of the saintly ates. At
this point there are quite a number of negro
troops; but with all one's prejudice against
them, it must be admitted they are as well
behaved and disciplined a body of soldiers as
any equal number of white soldierly I have
.Pcn in the same service. There are some an
noyances incident to a military occupation,
but they are not as grevious as the same in
Kentucky.
In the county north of this, Desha, the
same activity in planting prevails, Is also in
Chicot, while in Coahoma, Bolivar and Wash
ington Mississippi, similar energy is being
displayed. In these counties, hire for wages
prevails over the share system. In Mississip
pi, State Legislatibn, and the hearty co-opera
tion of the Freedmen's Bureau, is perfecting
the system of labor more thoroughly than
elsewhere. --
W.,AsHlINGToN, February 10, 1866.-A com
mittee from the L .gislature of Virginia had
an interview with the President to-day, and
presented the resolutions of that body en
dorsing the policy of the President. The
President replied, thankir>g them for their
visit, and expressing his gratification at their
sentiments.
He declared his determination to follow the
principle he had pursued throughout the war,
that the Union could not be dissolved. Hie
responded cordially to the sentiments of the
resolution, and trusted that the time would
soon come when they could meet under more
favorable auspices than at present. He stated
that he would not be forced to the position
that any State is now out of the Union.
The interview is regarded as a very impor
tant one. At the conclusion of the Presi~
dent's remarks the members of the Commit
tee were personally introduced, and expressed
their pleasure at the President's address.
EArTIFUL EXTRACT. -The lov'ed ones whose
loss I lament are still in existence; they are
living with me at this very time; they are
like myself, dwelling in the great mansion of
God; they still belong to me as I to them.
As they are ever in my thoughts, so, perhaps
am I in theirs. As I mourn for their loss,
perhaps they rejoice in anticipation of our re
union.-What to me is still dark, they see
clearly. Why do I grieve because I can no
longer enjoy their pleasant society? During
their lifetime I was not discontented because
I could not always have them round me. Ii
a journey-took them from mie,I was not there
fore unhappy. And why is it different nowl
They have gone on a journley. W hether they
are living on earth in a far distant city, or -in
some higher world in the infinite universe o1
God, what difference is there? Are we not
still in the same house of the Father, like lov
ing 'orothers who inhabit separate rooms?
H-ave we therefore ceased to be brothers?
[ Raman.
Corn planting commences this month, in
the climate of lower Georgin, and when early
planted, makes almost invariably the besi
crop. Do not let the mania for cotton grow
ing prevent your putting in a beautiful, cror
of corn. A half crop of cotton will bring i
more money than a full one, and to raise a
fullco of cotton this year, would compel
theprhs of all our food another year.
The facilities and rates of transportation will
not begintohstif this. Plant, then, plenty
of orn an plntearly and on deeply pre
pared ground, so as to prevent, by the early
maturing of the crop, and by a full supply 0'
moisture in the soil during its periods 01
growth, the casualties to which it is subject,
under other conditions, ini our summnei
dr~oughts.-Soutkernf C'ultirator.
A teacher ini a negro school, in Farmville Va.
named J. W. Davis, got nicely thrashed a d.rv oi
two ago, by a sensible Federal soldier, nanmec
Ailan, for uittering seditious speeches, telling the
negroes they were a-s good as the whites, if no~
bhtcr. Sei-ed him rizht.
PROPOSED RE UNION OF TGE TWO VIPGINIA.
The Legislature of Virginia hag taken the
first step toward attempting the restoration
of the ancient boundaries of the Old Domin
ion. We learn from the Richmond paper
that the resolutions in favor of re-union which
ha-ve been reported from the Select Committee
of the House of Delegates, provides for the ap
pointnient of Commissioners to proceed forth
with to the seat of government of West Vir
ginia , for the purpose of communicating with
the Governor and General Assembly of that
State, with authority to treat on the subject
of the restoration of the State of Virginia to
its ancient jurisdiction and boundaries; with
authority, also, to treat with the authofitiVs
of West Virginia for the adjustment of the
public debt of Virginia, due or incurred pre
vious to the dismemberment of the State.
A Northern paper mentions that the offi
cers of regiments discharged at Camp Cad
wallader, near Philadelphia, have generally
brought with them from the South young cd
ored men, who acted in the capacity of ser
vants. Most of the officers, upon being mus
tered out of service, left for their homes, with
out inakirg any provision for the "contra
band." The latter have been hanging idly
about the camp, and the officers in charge
complained to the police. Eighteen of the
blacks were taken into custody. Their ages
range from fourteen to twenty-seven year.
Alderman FITCH sent the party to Moyamen.
sing prison as vagrants. -
A Ricn BALE OF CoTrTo.-Many cotton
bales arriving in New York have to be over
bauled, dirt and stain cotton thrown out, and
then rebaled. The other day, two laborers, -
in the discharge of this duty, fouud, in one of -
the bales, $27,000 in gold. One of them pro
posed to the other to divide and keep mum,
but the other said he would report to the
"boss" The purchaser of the cotton claimed
the gold, and the seller claimed it, because
the cotton was not delivered, and for other
reasons: and probably the court will decide to
whom this rich mine belongs, The purcha- -
ser gave tue two laborers $400 each in green
backs.
GROWTH OF TUE CATHUoLIcS.-The Catholic
World says that within the last fifty years no
Church has been so prosperous in the United
States:
"About two thousand churches and c4apels
have been built; an increase of one thousand
and eight hundred clergymen-mostly from
abroad-one hundred and sixty schools estab
lish ed for tho u'
7 -JVVU girls. Moreover, there existed in
1837 sixty-six asylums, with 496.q orphans
of both sexes; twenty-six hospitals, with three
thousand beds; four insane as ylums, besides
many other charitable institutions, all estab
lished and supported by the private charity
of Catholics."
Tt has been decided by the Secretary of the
Treasury that it is the duty of the maker of
an instrument to affix and cancel the stamp
required thereon. If he neglects to do so,
the party for whose use it is made may stamp
it before it is used ; but in no case can it be
legally used without a stamp. An instra
ment subject to stamp duty, but issued and
used unstamped. prior to August 1, 1865,
may be rendered valid by stamping it as re
quired by section 163 of the act of June 80,
1864 ; if issued since, the case falls under see
tion 158 of said act of March 8, 1865k
Riusr of GEaRaN EMIGANTS TO Atac.
80,000 Gernaans emigrated last year, via
Hamburg and Bremen. About 15,000 mio:e,
it is calculated, left for the same destination,
by way of France, England and Belgium. Tbe
Hamburg-American Steamship Company are
just doubling the number of their ships, ex
pecting a like influx of passengers in the im
mediate future. If political dissatisfaction re
Imains as strongly pronounced in Germany as
it now is, their anticipations will, no doubt,
be fulfilled. Contrary to what was formerly
the case, when very poor people would lay by
a few thalers to carry them over, a considera
ble portion of emigrants now consist of small
farmers, with a thousand or two of thalers in
their pockets.-&BrliaL C'or. -London lime.,
iJan. 16.
ABSENCE OF MIND.-A remarkable caae o
absence of mind occurred at the residence of
one of our most hospitab'le citizens last eve
ning. A friend of well-known bibulous pro
pensities had no sooner entered the room than
he was asked to take a drink. "Thank y6u,"
said the guest, throwing his hat into the fire
and quietely placing a quid of tobacco on a ta
ble near by. This is the most remarkable case of
absence of mind that we have ever been call
ed upon to record.-eersb-rg E.rpres#.
A letter from San Francisco speaks of clus
ters of the Tokay grapes there last year, weigh
ing eight and a half pounds each. One man
raised one hundred and sixty- three varieties
of grapes last year. A pples jifteen inches in
circumference and weighing twenty ounces,
are frequently seen, and the writer asserts
that he saw a sample lot of Bartlett pears on
one stem grown on a graft put in last Febru
ary, by Daniel Flint, of Sacramento. This
cluster weighed just twelve pounds, or one
pound each on the average.
A wicked "Coprperbead" sends the follow
ine resolution to Congress, as an embodiment
ol those offered by Sumner:-Resoieed, That
the Government was established for the bene
fit of Massachusetts and the Republican par
ty: that no one else has any rights that we
are bound to respect, except gentlemen of
African scent.
At one of the Paris theatres the spectator
is shown the mode of dressing from the Crea
tion to the present day, anid living models
walk out of a huge book of fashion to illus
trate the different peri.ds.
*a i
The steam ship London-, for Mulbourne,
had foundered at sea. T wo hundred and seven
ty lives, were l..t, and only nineteen saved.
IThe A bheville "Pi ess" s:iys that the Gen
eral Board of(Commui-sioners of Roads assessed
the rond anud bridge tax of thatt District at
$1:2,000! ~ ~ 4i~ ~e oise

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