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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, April 04, 1866, Image 1

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"..S,C.WE NSAY P
--I- * - NEWBE
" - *-- *. - d
- . r:
4..
LUE L EWERY,S.C. WDNSDY PRL , 80
KE HERALD
-FPUBLISHED EVERY WrDNESDAY,
At 'Imberry V. B.,
Ttes P. & IL i.t E m
~TGE AND PCOPRIETORS.
1_S, $ F,50 OR SIX MONTHS, EITHER
- -CURRENCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
-Payment required invariably in advance.)
Advzisementsnsegted at $1,5t per square. for
lkst ~isertion, $1 for each subsequent insertion.
A9ge noices, Funeral invitatins, Obituaries,
ad 06dFamnicatdobs of personal interest charged
&&svertiseuients.
ek4,struetionofCoum1bia,S,C.
W0 IS RESPONSIBLE ?
TTEI FROM GEN. WADE HAMPTON.
l ytderdy's issue of the News we pub
-te leter of Major,General Sherman, on
-&-bwmg eMolumbia S. C. To day we
4thr old and ontspoken letter of Gen.
i -uiHamipt". Both of these we have given
as important records that will be
Mindadiiwn tposterity in the hi,otry of
te wu it cnded. We do not feel called
up6itituke any comment on General lamp
'um's letter, as it certainly speaks for itself in
re=orkIdy. plain wanier. In regard to
es$frakHaptan's statement in relation to
bs-a*rities committed in Columbia by Gen
# t.ilse~mann's..soops, we would only remark
shmI- usands of witnesses can attest the
rvti thereof. Wi:h this brief introduction
; am~bak the-leuer to onr readers:
CoirRIA, S. C., June 19, 186-.
,To. the &Aitea ef the New York JAt yJBook :
- itiyr of 6th May I have
4%,S4 I iseral Sherman's official report of
:his itarch tarough the two Carolinas. As
r sortisrepresents ie in the gro1ssest
'Sv 0a4situerII trust that you will Iot
a e the right to tidiV myself. It i
h Ko isry, if not to me, that the false
- tiduful Sher=ad ia reerce to the
' U%4.M this city- should be exposed.
60sl be- dine in the bri.fest possible
-!j4jL7 rejrTT'AITA: "General Wade fratipton,
.t,4dd the Coad'derate rear guard
ihad, igantici: ation Ofuurcalture
et.oIvw'.t)aord. that sall - cut ton, pulic!
Uad pirate, shou l.)e uovcd into the street
and ned - pt+IQt t0 ur 4aking use of it.
* Some of these pies of
n wiere burning, csperinnty in th.N very
f th city. -near. the court house, but
ft aly -dild by the Lbor of
-rr * 9* -1e0re one
g t*ag puic hiijing had been fired by order,
,,anuerig tire, set byt Ilatptoa's order
* e ykitdtled )y the wi.d, a:&d cowinunicated
t ht4 buiidiuga around, About dark tlmy
* aii.%p4ad and get heyond control. of the I
a,4* _ut. a v' a i: iu the City. The hole
l'sdivi% was brought i:1, but it was
foid ippts-ible-t caetk the flatues, whieb,
.t j.iichgghJ tiad ecomne ,umunanageab'le,, and]
-uIagdataa.gunt. f,ur iioek, A. M., when
* -' .Ahe wud-.ubsiding,4hey were got under con
e .* A - * I disclaim, on thej
'port of auy arsuy,. any agency in.this fire, but,
'iWfe ne.tiarge,e cit'that we saved' what4o
hbi yemaiidmicoadned. And without
96gihcharge tienz Wade Mlamton niith
2- su'rned his own city of Golumia, not
~ >~~?~u~1i uitent, as. the mnaifestation: of
* Ja~Iy'~~sn sicism,' l,tk from flly. an.d
plse in tlhing .it witic. lint, co,ttion
n Our officer" and aiea -on duty
ed el CX eiaguish the tilmeis."
2A.aId bet diffieult, if not impg.sib~le, to
agiwge g e of parugraphs, a
greater number of falsthoods than are con
- mined-in~-the above extracts. There ig not
C4indI of truth ivall that he. been qnoted,
"xge thu tatemsent that "General Hampton
.'iu~med 'the Con&federate rear guard of
3- lUe "did not ord.ir any. cotton
S ' .p4 Wibe streets and tired."- On the
Lnstra 3l' firt act ou taking. conimand of
- ~tea.cara-4o whieh Iwas assigned only the
n mIgh beo the r euationi of Cumbia
ad;ereet General..Beauregard the
~lair te the-town of firing" cotton -'in- thet
seta Upon this representlation, he author
jhaLuwItegse onlevs that no cotton in the
- beesrapheIs be ?red 4ich order was strictly
~Itte4out. I lift the city after the head of
4 - S columa entd itL antil1 assert,
* v~'AiI hodsandIs,that not
- esie. baewfctt&iWa oaiffiwmr.bn he took
- sagissi t f the city. J-isssertio to the
4eigis'rale id1r o#sit togses. A
-eeihi -eitiserof $2ris 'Rite'-wbge
were I at-lktjt give it, would be a
,evens at dae North, fore the
a*ij.tatement made by- him-has
* irff16isdip minute history of the
- *.. is document, which is too long for
nern in iour paper, I will make a fe w ex
st(lich wiH show how true is General
hermaa's solemna disclaimier of "anmy agency
in* this fire," and his claim to hare "saved
wrhat of Columbia remains unconsumned.". TIb 2
a qgor had been informed that he would be
* tnerified when to surrender the city, 6iowing
thafinefectual resistance on our part' would
furnish the ready excuse for all lawlessness on
Tel1erdh eneiny. I would not allow my
ua W' become engaged in the city, and
- re-w*.withdrawn on the morping of the
1t %F!ebruar'n
* M.1co'clock -A. L.,- en that day, the
. h.e of the deputation from the
4Jsued;weot,out to meet Generail Sher
snan-f*r the purpose ofsnrrendeoang the city,
wgb iia ?ilt following letter: -
, S CFebruary 17, 1865.
4bN X ral Sarmn:~
- Thetssiederate forces having evacuated
Columbia, Ideemtitnmy duty, as Mayor'>and
rersW enItative of the edty,sto ask for its- ci'.
os-the treatmeii accorded by the usa.ges of
iWilised warfare. i, therefore, respectfully
aeist that you will send a sidEcient guard
~asdeuce of the prmy, to maintain order in
b*e ehy, ad its protect the persons atad pro
'?VfpcCtful31
- 'Your obedient scr.vant
Signed T. G3. GO001WYiN, Mayor."
The depulation met:the advance guard of
sh reny, -un:der -olaui Stq.ne --Fiteut
Corps-outside of the city, and Colonel Stone
returned with them to the town in their Car
riage.
The Mayor reports that on surrendering
the city to Colonel Stone, the latter assuied
him of the safety of the citizens, and the pro
tection of their property while under his com
mand. Ile could not answer for General
Sherman, who was in the rear, but he express
ed the conviction that he would fully confirm
the assurances which he (Colonel Stone) had
given. Subsequently General Sherman did
confirm them, and that night, seeing that the
Mayor was exhausted by the labors of the
day, he counselled him to retire to rest, eay
ing, "Not a finger's breadth, Mr. Mayor, of
your city shall be harmed. You may lie down
to sleep, satisfied that your town shall be as
safe in my hands as if wholly in your own."
* * * "At about eleven
o'clock the had of the column reached Mar
kft Hall. Hardly had the troops reached the
bead of Main-steet when the work of pillage
was begun. Stores were broken open in the
presence of thousands within the first hour
after their arrival. No ttempt was iade to
arrest the burglars. The authorities, officers,
soldiers, all seemed to consider it a matter of
course. Arrd woe to him who carried a watch
with gold chain pendant, or who wore a choice
hat, or overcoat, or boots, or shoes. He was
stripped by ready experts in the twinkling of
an eye." * * * * *
"About twelve o'clock the jail was discovered
to be on fire from within. T,-s building was
immediately in the rear of the market or City
HUll, and in a densely - built portion of the
city. * * * -
The fire in the jail had been preceded by that
of some cottol piied in the streets. Both fires
were soon subdued by our firemen. At about
1A o'clock P. M., that of the jail was rekindled
and was again extinguished." * * *
".The experience of the firemen in putting
out the tire in the cotton in the jail was of a
sort to discourage their further etffrts. They
were th wartedI and embarrassed by the con
tinued interference of the soldiery. Finally,
their hose was ebopped with swords and axes,
and pierced with bayonets so as to be render
ed useless. The engines were in some cases
demolishcd al.o. And so the miserable day
wore on in pillage, insult, and constant con
fusion and alarm. We have shown that the
robberv of the persons of citizens and the
plundcf* of their houses commenced within
an,: 10:r after they had reached the Market
Hall. It continued without intermissioi
throughout the day. Sherman tr4versed the
streets everywhere, so did his officers, yet
they saw nthia'g to-rebuike or restrain."
Robbery % as going on at every corner, in
every lrouse, yet there was - no censure, no
pAi,e4* * fihst
fies at evening wa.4one about dark, which
broke out i-I a filthy portion of low houses,
ie-cupicd mostly as brothels. - There were
then sotive tweity fires in full blast, in as
many differeit quarters, at nearly the sate
miotuent, and while the alarm sounded from
these quarters, a similar alarm was sent up
aluost simiultaneously..fruin Cotton Town, the
northernmot li:nit Uf t!1 city, and from Main
street, in its very centre. * * * "The
-wretehes engaged. in this. appointed incendi
arism wecre well prepared with- all the appli
ances essential to their work. They carried
with them from bouse to house pots and ves
sels containing combustible lhquids, and with
balls of fire saturated in this liquid, they com
veyed t he flamues. with wonderful rapidity
frdm dwelling to d welling." * * * "What
remained from the morning of engines and
hose were brought out by the firemen, but
thse were soon driven from their. labors by
the pertinacious hostility of the incendiaries.
Engines were tumbled over and disabled, the
home was hewn. to piece.s, and the firemen,
dreading worse Iusge to themselves, left the
field in dlespair
* * "Old men and women and
children were to be ~seen, often while the
flmnes were rolling and raging around them
while walls were cracking and. rafters totter
ing and tumbling, in the endeavor -to save
their clothing and some of their mnore valua
ble effects. They were dri;en out headlong,
pistols clapped to their heads, violent hands
laid on throat and collar, and the .ruffia'ns
seemed-to make but littLie distinction in their
treatment of man and wodraid Ladies were
hustled from their chambers under the strong
arm or with their menacing pistol- at their
hearts. -Their ornaments plucked fr6m their
brasts-their bundles taken from their
lands." * * "A lady undergoing pains
atlab&i had to be borne out, on a mattrass
into the open air to escape the fire. It was
dak vain -that her situation. was described to
the inicen liauie&gas -they applied the torch
-wntlin aedwitboeuthe -house.. they - beheld
the-eituio f deb. sufferer aud laughed to
scon'-the prayer for her safety. Another
lad'was but reeentlyeonftned. Her life hung
apon a hair. The demons were pprised of
the facts in the case. They burst into her
chamber-took rings from the lady's fingr,
pucked the watch from beneath her pillow,
shrieked .iffeinsive langua in her ears, arid
so overwhelmecd her with terror that she sank
under the.treatmgent, surviving but a day or
two." * * "The churches were at fit st
sought by- many --streams of population.
Thither the hellish perseverance of the fiends
followed them, and the Churches of God were
st on flame. Again driven forth, numbers
made their way into the recesses of Sydney
Park, and here fancied to find security. But
the ingenuity of-hate and malice was not to
be~ baffled; and firebrands thrown from the
height into the deepest hollows of . the Park
tughit the wretched fugitiges to'despair of
any escape from enemies of such unwearied
and unreLsit ting rage !"
But enouigh of this atrocity; the bare recital
of whiich makes humanity shudder, the heart
grow sick. Surely enough- has been quoted
from tbe narrative of these horrors to prove
that General Sherman alone is responsible for
the destruction of Columbia, and for the many
other atrocities committed by his army. He
delares that the fires set by my order con
sumed the city. I have shown how false i:
this statement; but even i! it were true, howi
does he clear himself of the guilt of burning
private dwellings outside of the city limits!
Early in the afternoon of the day be entered
Columbia, my hoiisg, wvhich was two milei
from the city, was fired; soon after the housea
of Mr. Trenhoim, Gen. Lovell, Mrs. Stark. lr
W alace, Mr. Arthur, Mr. Latta and Mrs. Enhg
fate. GeneralSherman cannot deny that these
houses were burned by his men, nor cati he
deny that h destroyed, in part, or in whole,
the villages of Barnwell, Blackville, Graham,
Bamberg. Buford's Bridge, Orangeburg, Lex
ington, Alston, Ponaria, Winnsboro, Black
stocks, Society Hill, Camden and Cheraw.
Does not the fate of these unoffending towns
give the lie to his disclaimer of any agency in
burning this city?
Along the line of march followed by him
there is scarceiv one house left standing, from
the Savannah River to the Pee Dee, and yet
he dared to declare solemnly that he did not
burn Columbia ! I do not wonder that he
should strive to escape the infamy which, like
the leprosy of Gehar.1, shall cleave unto him
and unto his seed forever,'or the commission
of this dark deed. Nor am I surprised that
he should naturally seek to escape by taking
refuge behind a falsehood. But he shall not
with impunity make me the scapegoat for his
sins. Wherever he has taken his army in
this State, women have.been insulted or out
raged, old men have been hung to extort from
them hidden treasure. The fruits of the earth
have been destroyed, leaving starvation where
plenty once reigned, and the dwellings of rich
and poor alike have been laid in ashes. For
these deeds history m ill brand him as a robber
and incendiary, and will deservedly "dawn
him to everlasting fame."
I am, your obedient servant,
WADE HAMPTON,
Lieutenant-General.
Ex-Governor Allen on E. A. Pollard.
The following article, from the pero of Ex
Governor Allen, of Louisiana, and now editor
of the Merican T'ime, is clipped from that pa-.
per of the >th of January. It. is a compo
sition worthy of the immortal Junius. In its
power, in its force of bitterness and sentiment,
it is an unequaled piece of writing of the per
sonality of the article we have nothing to say,
but submit it to our readers as a specimen of
imost extraordinary composition.
The civil war in America is ended, and the
"banner of the bars' that waved over Jacksoin
and gleamed upon the track of Stuart's rek
less riders has been put away as men Lido tbe
I t inkets of a dear, dead love.
Although the blood of Virginia's best and
bravest is not yet dry in the vall"ys, nor has
the grass grown < ver the piriature graves of
the manly Confedeiates who fell before.Peters?
burg, yet Mr. E. A. Pollard, a preity writer
aid talented editor, in a long newspaper ar
ticle, denounces ex President Davis, Generals
Lee, Johnstan and Beauregard, and says "the
Southern people disgraced themselves forever
when they refused to fight to extermination;
that they lack coura-e and endurance-states
mnliiiiifaence." H~ erIticises cam
paigns, ridicules str-ategical novemients, sneers
at reticats, and laughs at every heroic' cfort
of the brave inca who have left to history an
imml-oral namne.
Who is Mr E. A. Pollard? -le is a Virgin
ian, the editor of the Richmond Examiner,
I and the author of the "Southern History of
the War." We have grief for the first, lash
es for the second, and-contempt for the last.
During all those years of carsage and of
blood, this Richmond Examiner was an itisati
ate fiend of opposition anId hatred. Step by
step it broke down the brave, fond heart of
Sidner Johnston; again and again it lacerated
and gored the sensitive soul of Beauregard;
week after week it denoutnced the heroic ef
fot 'fJseph E. Johnston.; and now, when
Jeffso Davis ichneamdte waves of
hi .okribbed pri. or, itretostab-his rep
utati)n and his honor.
It is not often that men like Pollard and
Jordan can gloat over ths agony of such a
spirit anid the degredation of such a name. rt
is not often -that such a bosongas Lee's is laid
bare for the thrust of every ruffian's spear, or
the dagger of every coward's hand. It is not
often that a desola ted nation writhes under
the blows of its children and the cruelties of
itsown offspring. It is: not often that the
woFldfurnishes hiumnin hvenas'to e'xhume the
the bodies .of her sainted'dead, and howl in
horrid delight over, the revolting feast.
Pollard wanted extermination, but. be was
in New York eity, hob-nobbing with Greeley,
and telling the pileasanit story in his- pleasant
way of the four years' war. He-witted fifty
thousand mcn to fight-a million to the death,
but he.never full Iii beside themn and proffered
to share a common fate. Like. Job's war
horse,*he snuffed the battle froua afar! Shod
dy is cheap, and humbug is cheap, and Henry
~Ward Beecher's patent sermons are dheap ;
and sincerity, faith hono', chivalry, manhood !
ho* pure and unpopuTar.>
Pollarfds mnoiker State lies -prostrate.in the
dust, her hearth-stones desolate and her idol
sa.tered. All over the land he can see her
breaved daughters weepinig- or. the yQunlg,
fresh fades that. looked tack to them from the
heat and yellow dustaf the conflict just before
the horses' feet trod -them down. He can al
most hear the breezes from the Wilderness
singing their -melancholy. dii ges over Stuari
and Ashiby, arnd Pelhaw, and ill, an~d Jack
son, dear to God. He has no love, nor venler
aton, nor tehndernless, nor pity for any ol
thc,e; but tearing open the graves of the im.
mortalized dead, he blends thema with the liv
ing in one sacriligiou anathegteptu
ous hatred.
IDrape the picture of-a nation in its agony4
and cover its laurels with the mourng cy
press. Furl the conquered banner wvith a
farewell look, and shriiie its memory in om
heart of hearts; but to the brutal hardihooi
of those who curse and villify .a ruined race.
give vengeance, scorn, and a-never-dying cou
tempt.
H;istory tells how Coriglanus halted his vie
torious legions beyondI the Yellow Tiber, but
that Nero fi.idled a goodly tune while Romi
was burning. Amid the graves of his kin
dred, the anguish and despair of brave men ii
their crushing overthrow, amid the bhii
~skies and green fields-of his nativity, E. A
Pollard dips his pen.in- gall of the New En
gland hatQ and writes the record of his ow'
everlasting ifamy and disgrace.
A woman's club is about -to be formed at Paris
The well known Madame O)lymnpe Audouard is a
tie head of it. She hias jst pubslished a violent
diaitribe agaiinst menCl. "War&l to 3-en" is its tide
and it dcerbes uin as monsters, who danni
w.oman -to soap-miakinlg and stocking mending.
-lichmond papers tatke eix4.our&ging -views o
General Shermah on the 38aing of
ColumbIa, S. 0.
The following is the letter of Major,General
Sherman on the burning of Columbia, S. C.,
an abstract of which says the Charleston
-ews, has already been published in our
columns. It will be seen that he is opposed
to the payment of Southern war claims of
even the imost worthy character, though he
expresses sympathy for those who sustained
losses:
IIEADQ'IkS MIL. Div. oF TuE. MISSIssiPPI, j
St. Louis, Mo., March 8, 1866. '
Benj. Raawl, Colu1bia, S. C..
Dear Sir-I have your. letter enclosing aI
petition to the Congress of the United States, I
asking to be indeuinified for the loss by fire1
of your house and contents at the time of our
occupation in February, 1865. I assure you,
that I feel deeply for you and all otfiers who
lost their property in the tire; but if the Uni
ted States. were to assume the liability, it
would be an admission that we had done,
wrong. This is not true.
The rightful authority of the National
Govej nmient had -beef resisted in the StatC6 of
South Carolina for years, and we- were com
pelted, at a great cost of life and money, to
conduct thither a vast armny, and our progress
was resisted by all the force the State could
obtain. Your own citizens resisted our ap
proach, not only with arms, but by burning
the bridge over the Edisto, Congaree, Saluda
and Woud Rivers. They burned the depot
in Columbia before we entered the city, be
'cause it'conttined corn and storts they sup
posed we-needed, and set fire to thousands of
bales of cotton rolled out into the streets,and
1-.wbich wete burning before we, entered Co
lumjbia. I myself was in the city as early as
noon, and saw those fires, and know that ef
forts were inade to extingtrish" them,' but:a
high and strong 'wind kept thein alive.- I
gave no orde: for the burning yf Jour city,
but, on the contrary; the reverse, and I be
lieve the c6nfiagrati -on resulted from the great
imprudence of cutting the cotton bales, where
by the contents were spread by the winds, so
that it becamen imtaposibility to arrest the
fire.
I saw in -your Columbia newspapers "the
pi inted order of General-Wade Hangton;tbat
on the approach of the Yankee army all the
cotton bhould be burne,. and, from what I
saw myself, have nu'besitation in. saying that
he was the cause,of'dhe destruction of your
property. Your trUe-remedy is against him,
and such others of. your own citizens as con
spired with him and - made the military,occu
pation et -ohr city ani a teectssity I
1ardy t1mk -it. is-ai' thar- Cowgress -stroif
tax taipeople of Ohio,'ll1inois and 'Misoti
to pay such losses; but as it is not my pro
vi6ce to judge in such wtters, I send your
petltion according to its address.
I again assure.you -of my perso.nal symnpa
thy by reason 'of your age and infirmity, but
this mest not lead me to endorse a wrong
principle.
- amwith great.respect,
your obedient servant,
W.-T. SiEItMAN, Major General.
A FEARFLZL RAI,ROAD RID.-A passenger
ing brief but thrilling- account of a merciful
escape from a terrible fate on the Pacific Rail
road.
Thc down train from Kansas City- did' not
arrive at Jeffe,rson Ci;y until 10r o'clock on
Wednaesday night, and the sickness of a mem-~
ber'of my 'family compelled me to leave there
that fearfully coldl night for Si. Louis.
The train consisted of six cars, all well filed
with passengers, among whom- -were two new
ly married couples, who started off from points
above when the knot wats tied, on matrimo
nial excursions. Nothing worthy of-note oc
curred until we had reached. within about Iour
miles of IIermann, whieb we did between 12'
and 1 o'clock~ Thursday-morning, the recollec
tidq of which will:, the longest day I live, be
ind 1i6Iy impressed -on- my memiory. The
thermometer must have been several degrees
below zero,r the passengers -were crowded
around the stove, some lying down; endearci'
ing to .s!eep, others- standing, holding their
feet to get warm, and others who -could not
get near the fires in consequence of there be
ing nio available space for them to creep in,
were stampingon the floor,' endeavoring by
that means,to keep the. blood in~circulation,
and catrse some degree^of warmth to perva'de.
the inferior members, who,all in a second, and
before any one omlboard h4time'tonmnake ,n
exclanation, the cars commxieonce4-jumping to
each a fe~arful pitch'that the fires in the stoyes
werl nckdabdut thieftoor; the latniis were
alblowuj out, an 'seveial of thte passenger
t hatr had been stan'ding'around tie lFae% were
~eiter.tambl,dstnto those whw~eegpied seats
itheir-imme~&dat:iciniti cpmi,lleto
hold on with hands andltet twsrset
1 lenches wtmreach.
I-This scene could not-have lasted ovr'ten
minutes, -but to the nnfortunate'psssenigers in
'the cars it was ten of the most terrificedly
momentous minutes that the human mind
could comprehend. The lady passengers, and
there were quite a notaber on board, sat ic
their seats-w ith their hands holding on to 'the
benches before them, and their faces present
ngthe most fearful picture c' orror afrd de.
spair, When the locomnotiune was got under
control and came to a stand still, the pas.cen
gers ran to the do':rs a9r' looked out, ani
merciful heaven ! what a sight was presented
to the eye!
' The tramn had been running on the verge of
a preipice some thirty or forty feet in depth,
athbottomn. of -which was the Missouri
River, bearing-on.its bosom flakes of ice, noth
Iing to be seen but snow-the wind blowi. g a
penetrating breeze from the North, and the
hidmost cars careened considerably to the
Iriver side'and -completely off the track. The
three foremost crs had, -through the most
provdential coincidence, jumped '-nr the track,
and thcrcumustance was no doubt the' sa
vng of the ive.s-ofitll on boyrd, .as had the
train kept ofreven one muinute more it would
amost inevitahly have gone down the, preti
pace ito the river, and' all- would have per
is hed.'
A shoemaker it : eeds, -Engla!d, .undertodk,
lttly, for a wager, to eat an uncoolked rnbbit,
ffur, skin and all. He succeeded, bait lintnediate.
MARVE.WUS AVE & YToY-SErXt0 Or- 4
GIANr FoUND-Hrs Hiewnr T 'mm-EaM Fizmer
- TEET TEN icurs Loio, &c.-A St Josepb, 1
Mo., correspondent of theSt. Louis RepuWli- 1
can says that a wonderful cate has been found :
in the~bluff about a mile above ft. Joseph,:
which has been explored by soie oltht 14d- I
ing citizens of the place.
- Provided with all things necessary, they j
entered the cavern abppt 10 A. I. and were
gone until 4 P. M., when they returned, expres
sing the greatest wonder, and relating mare-s
too strange almost for eredence, Beiore pro
ceeding very far they came 1- msand
splendid chamber, whose ceiling and sides:
were adorned with various stalactites of et
ery form and hoe. id traniparent in- their
brightwess. Fish and'beast and homRnforins ,
were represented by 'this brilliant steretion,.
and massfive curtains of It. brilliant in Uoe, ,
were pendent from the ceiling and hung-hel. -A
ly around'the walls.
Passing through this vast chamber, they'1
found themselves in a sort of grotto whose
sides were formed of crystal columns,and
whose arched ceiling resemled a gorgeots-[
bow of diamouds. Emerging thence, they be
held another hall vaster tha. the first. on
and far more gorgeous in all its appaiiteat.
Here were nichescolumns,recesses,1utaias,
all arranged as if by the hand oI some gretj
artist; and what was strangerstl, a sortof
low -melody seemed to fill all the spce. The
last they attributed to- the murmar ofa crys
tal streamlet, which leaped from a porthn of
the wall, and ran ito a recess over glittering.
pebbles. On one side was a raised platform
of pure white marble, extending the entire
length-of the room; and on this platforum they
discovered a human skeleten oft gifantic ise,
and in excellent preser ation, its egh,
frot head to- feet, was thirty-eight feet 'six.;
inches. They coulfd'ot meTsure the circm--n"
ference of his head bi t it wa fmiensr, they
should imane "astAfv feet. Two f he
teeth were d1sfo&te, t*es'h- brgh
to town, and Ihave seen. Tbey iie j n
the counter of the of fce 46..Paciic p,
for general inspection ~ Oflilhe ipew'
inche.incircumferen nad tw. other aLut
animal large enough- -to u.S sn
PAt.ESri,,-Oouo f the cros toy
-of-tlie day is aproject, gbttea'g b3 140
Maine pe6ple for colo6iing.1 bThi2 s
head of it is ir?Adand- edit6r,oti if0t
paper caffed "thbeSw6re 6f4l Tuid
eY of Peace"w o'hisa - Hef Ydgo
ment' at Wasbington-tob' Mp ff
tan a "firmau'o" jiroei Jfr
"The colonist-" as woiarp lro
ocaion for their At Cfi'
*ahin ten, mites wlkof
"Joppa. The locatioir is situ .iy:d
midut of orange nd. UWtn & Mn 64e
granate orchard"; lsd. suVtowndd .*iitk*
trees, date trees aid grape vineyard& We
understand-tbey sre'*oiding two vessels suit
abl fo carrying passbftige ar-a fwSeg .The
first ves!e:, with sore twenty-fT oewity-1
fraiiles, 'they parf oie shlt sail f6u ' e
t5*h -of July next. Their o1ec? t * riet
tcre jusintimeto pi n eps pf Wh
and bariev. 'They takr itb' therti i fr.
nituxre, the materials f or tli6ir m>6se,ia all
kinds~ of agricult@irl implements nm4 kong
theni reaping. uachiuecanda threshina nia
chine. Amnong; th9se t.hmo go rTat wil b
carpenters, mnasoruscabinut psakers, heat.
builders opr milliners, farniefs sne.
makrs,shool-eache.s and rnerchahta.- Oa
gentleman gil build-a large hotel to sceume
nodate some of the~ thirty thousand- tope
an pigrims who armaaunly visit Jerusaleft liy
the way-.of Jiia.' They gotkei-etobhcen
practicaltbenefactors of the counti-y amdnd
ple-to introduce Ameriaragriculture, ar,s
science and mechanism; and to help tsnseth
in tte that once gtorious~d Jagd th;ey blieve
the tijne has now. come to frafe tlinWay
for the restoration of. the descendasa. :of
Abraham to the lan4IAf their fathers. They
purpose havjeg their vessels rua betwee
IJaff'a and'tis country, marryin iainb.rnd
various other.thie'gwmiethaTy country. ind;in
rturn bring kites,,WiiC ~oIiPSOlVilA
diteosj fgs, leaioshiafanggr-4athe' ~kinds~
of f: uit and productiozrMtbArebtir.
*'e spueakr sad4# ie n H1kb.
other shrewd men'who have tolive er ththeh-a
eyes and ears;4open. 549 tt
aiieditorwhoeetartedneedg
ithe Wtes bwt. em 'ssnfatM1i
gamblers whosepea ~ o*-Uo
that he would give te
4tie redoubtable editerr .witsc a
had was seateii imbaiu enting~
news~ when iniiked:# lrge ipan witiciut
In his -hand, and demanded to~ know it the
editor was in. ~No, -sir,' vas. .the reply, hbe
hasstepped out; ske'tueat'and. read the pa
persa; he will return in a minute.' Dew. ant
the'indignant man of cards, crossed his legs,
with his club between them, and commenced.
readng a p:iper. In the meantime the editor
quietly vamoosed dowmy stairs and at the
anigbelow. he met *imeti4r excite4 .man1
with a cudgel in his and, who asked if thei
editor was in. 'Yes, sir,' was .the proeapt
responlse. 'You& winl find him rsated upstar
reading a naspaper.' The latter, on enltersag~
the roiom, with a furion:oathb, eoaunse1C sa
violent assaul-t on Uih.frmer, which was re.
sisted -with equal ferocity. The ite.
cntinued until they had both rolI0d' to. the;
foot of(the-stairs and pounded each ethosdo
their hearts'rcantent'
Ar lxromNr Dr.curio.- .1 deison of
some interest was made by lHan. 0. . Me
Gownie, Judge of P/'ohat forS'ir cwanty,
Alabama, ecentLy. 'The qJesta was the
-liability of a guardiakfw@oatsp biIr.h
wich payment 1iad b,een recee'd in Confee
rate Treasury notege ing-the esistence -of
the Confederniy, niddebts hving een een
tacted preidoais tethe year=18f4. ~'he 4el.
si'n of theJudg. was, that the guardian was
not liable. In other woids. that he w -ena
ti e t -. ( i,o mamm.~ns micd.
N. 'Msut-- aufebeste'n
_Vj1 -.
;I;ba=x iute -letrttiein %
uowever ushgent theI~ i
aver haia 4en:rnticipttnd -la F
trdent phiAntho4l '
-On the 4ist appeacirnceMbfV*r
mhering.fa attaick w dse
liiithes er..arys comuiss&e F
V*gfeew--*be 4At*soakWbe refected) .1u
sue ofsuykteoft.ziec (th,is articleb'
mutsy kowra whit vitrio T
6e b tmortr9rqghyri
eeninie tiset wukithfoto ilvw
itirI:th6s done, ornoiM -
be Ii:nn an0adu4af ra?,
*idevery second hourantef
disease 4Wish Thua
osnce, as if by e6mjeswim -
Theapidisvente -
becsarinrtherbe'a
bowel& bwcom obanWktd
dimas-A wil by no aietre
(formed of t*6p3rt:e 1
of jalap), and oi grakyotho
gar. should be given to' t.
quantity a.-cbl&d. ,
shooa uLmry otherx; -
ever, as See-=VyL,
The metd"undwUfaAeTa.
"er isar to be gise, and apprAd Ao
loes -Theberb, bY it.tk
1ea,* bpj hOL.at4ncG of theWeW4,
sp#reewf -wee,-wihi
wils Lieicsthe part05oC A
?ir -g #Vthat -
further ardeOoll
Wiii d -
ggegigoig" w *t4 - -$t
tie
4A ie ae
ner,prcrbdblrde ae
pa .p.sOK
Mr.tees. he mih iE*ad
i i fsikts tdw
La ' rai'terfered, andlb
bant lah'erehait-waaf trifli -
(orOL#iss te.ollo tr4%e
pditor is Col ihLm, la1# ~ ~
itwrilladdedalty'tAbth
fthis truisekier4 wbo e u
L-thQ ed pelo e ~e
bqfotterboysetsh the
4ggwheedsek .plumage steptafotds
$d s tiae made the most courty~e
f al the traitors, he was most endie -ft5
asisust.OfalWdecisions, his was theigs
-the pt, and the most endurinsg.e
onl, o a onsiraors fetbht bisagearre
witb the Union wa irrecoiciIable, amil stood
by -his espital te thelsst,and has nete yaed
vssed-enkai,#in HiiMaptisty baa bsne be
MA ed by aae o 3sp.rt's,
Bnd,aad gray, and asete,a ' dominiansa
are narrasea s~SilmrWbI-the republie
he aIIb Oeitr*OW. WAese A the ea
-ed therei~fe t4ii i . N~ 1 #adoUt
14bingr-e +he i*sof the saIery, with
dsaor tto be a li eb#w ritoke r
ran fst ilbep. Sith bih" he &t ""0th
wd fa p The " iain thetataywas in-'
enggedinraidog ant Mbrring bi4
an i, taking ei cwact qh,irvatIAn, MRl at last,
ben. gst ft ii)t bfet&a his1qeid, and is
Iieat 4 i~tia ~ lif-theseeper bo.
bu>The hoa Vs mnde l if
ijam.i. .a ~.siserj.Filh fnrced ftieff

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