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atocaman erresiaent Johns.
Standng A rles, Mlitary Occupation, Martial
Xas, Military Tribunals, anid the Suspension
of the Prieilege of the WUrit of Habeas Corpus
in gw of Peace, not to be any 1onger sanct ioned
WASTIINrON, April 2, 186.
TY the President (f thc Unied States:
Whereas, Br proclamation on the 15th and
IWh of April, 1861, the President of the United
States, in virtue of the power vested in him by
the Constitution and the Laws, declared that the
laws of the United States were opposed, and the
exercise tt eref ebstr.ueted,in the States of South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Ylorida, Mississippi,
LoU=sina, and Texas, by combination too power
fui a be suppressed b'y the ordinary course of
ediciali proceedings, or by the powers vested in
the Marshals by law ; and,
Whereas, By"hnother proclamation made on
the 16th day of August, in the same year, in pur
mance of an Act of Congress, approved July 13,
181', the inhabitants of Georgia, South Carolina,
Virginia, North Garolina, Tcnnessee, Alabama,
Louisiana, Texas, Arkmnsas, Mississippi and Flori
7a, ecept ihe iehabitan:s of that part of the
State of Virginia lying West of the Alleghany
Jeti , and to suen other parts of tlat State,
and the other States before named as might main
7 in a loyal adhesion to the Union and the Con
stitution, or might be from time to time occupied,
and controlled by the forces of the United Statcs,
e.*ngaged in the dispersion of insurgents, were de
dared to be in a state of insurrection against the
ited States; and,
- Whereas, By another proclamation on the 1st
day of July, 1862, issued in pursuance of an Act
of Congress, approved June 7, I the same year,
the insurrection was declared to be still existing
in the States aforesaid, with the exception of cer
tain, specified Counties in the State of Virginia;
Whereas, By another pro-lamaticn made on
the 2 day of April, 1SC, in pursuance of the
Act of Congress of July 13th, 1861, the excep
tions named in the proclamation of August 16th,
1861, were revoked, and the inhabitauts of the
State of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina,
Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas,
Mississippi, Flarida and Virginia, except the forty
eight Counties of Virginia designated as West
Virginia, and the ports of New Oieans, Key
Wet, Port Royal and Beautort, in South Caro
ia, were dec:ared to be in a state of insurrection
ainst the United States ; and,
Whereas, The Ilouse of Representatives, on the
22d day of July, 1861, adopted a resolution in
the words foiowi-T, viz:
Resoved, By the House of Representatives of
the Congress of the United States, That the
present deplorable civil war has been forced up
on the country by the disunionists of the South
ecStates, now in revolt against the Constitu
tional Government, and in arms around the
apital,that in this national emergency Congress,
baemishing all feelings of mere passion or resent
ment, will recollect only its duty to the whole
.ennry; that this war is not waged on our part
is any spirit of cppressio n, nor for any purpose
ofconquest or subjugat ion, nor for the purpose
ofovrthrowing or interfering with the rights or
established institutions of those States, but to
naintain and defend the supremacy of the Con
stitution, and to preserve the Union with all the
dinity, equality and rights of the several States
unimpaired ; and, that, a soon as these objects
are accomplished, the war ought to cease.
Whereas, The Senate of the United States, on
the 25th day of July, 186 1, adopted a resolution
* in the words following, viz:
Resolved, That the present deplorable civil war
has been forced upon the country by the dis
unionista of the- Sout hern States now in revolt
ageinst the Constitutional Government, and in
arms around the Capital; that in this national
etcergency Congress, banishing all feelings of
mere passion or rescntment,will recollect only its
duty to the whole country ;.that this war is not
praeented on our part in any spirit of oppression,
nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation,
nor for the purpose of overthrowing or inter
fering with the rights or established institutions
of-those States, but to defend and maintain the
supremacy of the Constitution and alu laws made
in pursuanee thereof, and to preserve the Union
with-alt-the dignity, equality and rights of the
seernl States unimipaired ; that as soon- as these
objjects a'-e acomplished the wer ought to-cease,
libercas,. These resolutions. though not joint
er coemrent i form, are substantiatlly indenti
es1,im as such may be regarded as having ex
pressed the sense of Congress upon the _subject
so erhich ther relate ; and
Whereas, By my proclamation of the 13th day
ofJuoe last, the insurrection in the State of
Tennessee was declared to have been suppressed,
-the authority-of the United a- tates therein to be
- udisputed, arnd such United States officeers as
h ad been duly commissioned to be in the undis
puted exercise of their official functions ; and
Whereas, There now exists no organized arm
ed resistance of misguided citizens or others to the
authority of the United States in the States of
Gorgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Caroli
na, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas,
Mtississippi and Florida, and the laws can be. sus.
tained and enforced therein by the proper civil
*- authority, State or Federal, and the people of the
-said States are well aud loyally disposed, and
hare conformed, or will conform, in their legisla
* tion, to the condition of' affairs growing out of
the amendment to the Constitution of the United
States, prohibiting slavery within the limits ,and
jurisdiction of the United States ; and
Whereas, In view of the before recited premni
ses, it is-the manifest determination o f the Amer
een people that no State of its own will has the
right or power to go out of, or separate from, the
American U.nion, and that therefore each State
ought to remain and constitute an integral part
of the United States ; and
Whereas, The people of the several before
mentioned States have int the mnannier aforesaid
given satisfactory evidence thai they acquiesce in
this sovereign and important revolution of the
national unity ; and
Whereas,. t is is telieved to be a fundamental
* principle of'government that people who have
revolted, -and who have been overcome and sub
doed, must either- be dealt with so as to induce
* them voluntarily to become friends, or else they
must be held byv absolute military power, or de
vastited, so as'to prevent them from ever again
doing harm as enemies ; which last-named policy
is abhorrent to humanity and freedom ; and
Whereas, The Constitution of the United States
provides for constitutional communities only as
States,and not as territories, dependencies, prov
inoes or protectorateS ; and
Whereas, Such constituent States must necessa
ily be, and by the Constitution and laws of the
United States are made equals, and placed on a
like footing as to political rights, immunities,
dignity and power with the several States with
wJich they are united ; and
Whereas the observance of political equality
as a principle of right and justice is well calcula
ted to encourage the people of the aforesaid
States to be ani become more and more constant
ind perserving in their-rene wed allegiance ; and
Whbereas, Standinrg armies, military occupation,
martial law, military tribunals and the suspension
of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, are,
in time of peace, dangerous to public liberty, in
compatible with the individual rights of the citi
zens,contrary to the genius and spirit of our free
institutions, and exhaustive of tbe national re
sources, and.ought not, therefore, to be sanction
ed or allowed, except in cases of actual necessity
far repelling invasion,. or suppressing insurrec
tion or rebellion ;-and
Whereas, The policy of the Government of
the United States, from the beginning of the in
surrectior. to its overthrow and final suppression,
has been in conformity with the principles hereim
set forth and enumerated :
Therfre L Anre John, President of
hand and caused the seal of the Umitd States u
Done at the city of Washington, the 2d day o
April, A. D. 1866, and of the iudependence o
the United States of America the ninetieth.
By the President: WILLIA H SEWARD, Secre
tary of State.
FrrTrER ARRESTS.-In our last issue we enumer
ated the names of a number ofgentlemeli of -ei
town and Distrct, who -had been arrested by or
der of United States Military authorities. Since
then, others have been arrested:-Mr. Jas. M
Lanham, Mr. J. H. Blease, Mr. M. Lowry an(
Mr. David Padgett. Of these, the first three hav<
b,: taken to Columbia; Mr. Padget is still un
der arrest in Edgefield.-We hear from Colum.ih
that Gen. Gary and S. B. G-iffin, Esq., are charged
or will be cha.rged, with complicity in the shootinE
of a Federal Soldier in Edgfield some four weeks
back. At last account, Griffin was about to bE
released on parole ; not however to depart fron
Columbia. It was thought the same thing
would be done in case of Gen. Gary. Cenainly
these two gentlemen will very soon be allowed
to return to their homes and their business ; foi
as true as God is in Heaven, just so true is it
that neither of them was direc ly or indirectly
concerned in the before mentioned affray.
We hear further, that the remaining gentle.
men, Major Coleman, Jesse Gomilion Esq., Mr.
Emnsley Lott, Julius Day, Esq., and young Her
loi, are kept under arrest in the basement of
the College Ch:pel. Most of these, if we mistake
not, are charged with harboring, aiding and
abetting the "Bushwhackers," or the homeless
and lawless men who are said to have been com
mitting outrages in certain sections of our District.
It is probable these gentlemen will be tried by
Milit.ry Commnission. Circumstances may be
acagnst them; they may have been duped and
imposed upon; but that such citizens as Major
Coleman, Mr. Julius Day, Mr Jesse Gomillion,
&c-gentlenen whose characters are sealed and
stamped by fifty years of unsullied truth, honor
and honesty-should wittingly and willingIly
have had anything to do with these so-called
Bushwhackers, or bushwhacking proceedings, or
unlawful doings generally, is a thing which their
fellow-citizens will not be convinced of, no mat
te.r what comes.-Edgefield Advertiser.
TnE GREAT CONFLAGRATION AT DARLINGTON.
Our readers, doubtless, have seen some account
of the great fire, which recently occurred at Dar
litngtoL, Gourt House, which was supposed to be
the work of an incendiary. Including out-houses,
upwards of forty buildings were consumed.
Three sides of the Court House square, with the
Court House, were burned. A Committee of
Investigation, consisting of Gen. Nye and Capt.
Brent Johnson, on the part of the military, and
Col. B. W. Edwards and Dr. R. L. Hart, on the
part of the citzens, was created, but, up to latest
accounts, had not fixed upon the guilty parties.
ANOTHER FIRE.-Scarcely had the smouldering
ruins ceased to give forth heat, ere the flames
are again performing their work of destruction
at Darlington, and the remaining portion of the
square is consumed. We learn that about fif
teen buildings were this time consumed, includ
ing the entire number of mercantile houses ol
The fire was the result of accident, and was
communicated through the medium of Liquorine
burning fluid, which accidentally caught fire.
Our neighboring town is certainly most sorely af
flicted, and has our deepest sympathy.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA RAIL ROAD.-We- arc
extremely gratified to learn that the Augusta
branch of the South Garolina Rail Road was corn
peted at 3 P. M!., on Thursday, and that on and
after Sunday next the trains will run through tc
that city without interruption. Great credit is
due to the President and Directors, as well as tc
the Superintendent, Mr. Peake, for re-building
the road under the extraordinary embarrassments
to which they have been subjected, and we hope
that, in common with all of us, they may have
the gratification of seeing their labors yield thei
fruits, an hundred fold, in the restoration of
commercial prosperity to this city. The schedule
of the road will be changed on Sunday, the trains
for Columbia and Augusta leaving the city at 9
o'clock A. M. and arriving at 5 P. M. See the
notice of Superintendent Peake.
F!RE AT IARION.-The Marion Crescent, of the
28th u-It., announces disturbances at that place,
en t.he part of the soldiers. It says that "they
set fire to the house of a worman named KATiE
LEwis, a courteZan, and to the building used as
a school room for- the freed people," which latter
greatly endangered the principal part of th4
buildings on the public square.
It also says, "the spite of the soldiers seemnet
directed espeeially to the freed people, severa
of whom were beaten quite severely."*
THE Gr.ORGIA DE.STITUTE.-Governor Jenkins
of Georgia, has issued a card calling upon the
capitalists of that State to invest money on loan
for a short or long period, as they may prefer
to alleviate the sufferings of the destitute. Hi
says a portion of the people, in dist:icts orerrut
by both armies during the late war, are min
starving condition. The Legislature have author
ized the borrowing of money, upon the most satis
factory security, but it will require time to havi
the bonds and mortgages prepared and executed
ThE GARRISON.-Our willage was evacuate<
on last Monday morning by the Federal troops
The compauy stationed here is now at Cheraw
where all busine~ss for this District will be trans
acted in future. It is a relief to be thus restorec
(partially) to the management of our own affairs
and to feel that we are no longer to be under the
Iimmediate supervision of Federal soldiers. W4
hope our people will have no occasion to appl3
to the authorities at Cheraw for any kind of re
lief, and that we can satisfy them of our abilita
and disposition to act justly and properly towardi
the freedmen and each other.
[Bennzett sville Journal
REMLoYAL OF THE tGARRISoN.-Oni yesterday the
sodesgrrisorning this place took their depart
ure.Theybelonged to the 29th Maine Regimen
and joined their command at the Depot at thh
place as it passed down from Darlington wherei
had been stationed. We learn that while at the
depot some of the soldiers broke open the stort
of Mr. HARPER and rified it of its contents. The
offier in command came up and had some of the
articles recovered.-ingstree Star.
THE SENATORS wRo SUSTAIN THE PREsrDENT.
A letter from Washington states that the follow
ing Senators will surely sustain the veto of thn
Executive and his policy, viz: Messrs Buckalew
Cowan, Davis, Dixon, Doolittle, Guthrie, Hen
dricks, Johnson, Lane of Kansas, McDougall
Morgan, Nesmith, Norton, Riddle, Saulsbury
Van Winkle and Willey-seventeen in all, and
sufficient number to prevent the passage of th<
Bill, even though every seat of the fifty wai
filled, and every other Senator voted oppositely
KILLING A NEGRo.BY GZNERAL FoRz3T.-MEX
PHS, April 1.-A letter from Sunflower County
Mississippi, says a negro employed en Gen. For
rest's plantation, while assaulting his (tbenegro's
sick wife yesterday, was remonstrated with b'
Forrest. The negro drew a knife and. attempte<
to kill Forrest, who, after receiving a wound- ii
the hand, seized an axe and killed the negro
Gen. Forrest then gave himself up to the sherit!
Te negroes on the plantation justify the homi
THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.-5. N. Beeson ani
Wi. Beeson, of Niles, Mich., have forwarded t<
Hon. Benjamin Wood a dr-aft of $100, with a re
quest to forwaird it to Rev. James Woodrow
Colmbnia, to add to the fund for educating thos
theoloieal students of the Presbyterian Churc1
whose studies were interrupted by being in th
military service during the late war.
The speeches and messages of President John
son are being translated into all the language
>'THE WEEKLY 1HERALDY
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Wednesday Morning, April 11, 1800.
W Look out for the cross i mark.
r Renew your subscriptions.
The President's Veto Message.
Read the President's Veto Message. Pure and
profound in logic-it is at once exhaustive and
Completion of the S. C. Railroad.
The South Carolina Railroad has been com
pleted to Augusta. Trains run - by schedulE
The President's Proclamation,
Declaring the war over and establishing the
political equality of the States and substituting
the military machinery, we place before our
readers to-day. The N. Y. World says:
"It locks the gates of war, lays down its wea
pons, and leads thirty millions of American peo
ple into the paths of peace. Their unity no lon
ger needs to be defended by the sword, and their
liberties are resumed under the guardianship of
law. As far as he can do it, the President has
completed his great work of restoring his country
Throughout the realms of civilization President
Johnson is re-,gnized as among the first of
statesmen. Pure, lofty and magnanimous.
Destrctive Fire in Charleston.
An extensive fire broke out in Charleston, on
the rining of the 5th, destroying seven fine
buildings-the block known as Robb's Row.
The buildings belonged to the estate of Jas. Robb,
and were recently repaired at heavy expense.
They were occupied as groceries, shoe stores,
milinery establishments, etc. Mr. Robb was in
sured for $27,6o0.-Total insurance $52,000.
Lowest estimate of total loss $100,000.
The following extract from an eulogium on
the policy of President Johnson, is taken from
the London Pall Mall Gazette:
I The great merit of President Johnson has been
the decision and force with which he has grasped
the full significance of the struggle, in the midst
of the bewilderment of popular and partisan ex
citement consequent upon the sudden and deci
sive victory of the more powerful of the two con
flicting parties. No English judge, sitting calmly
upon his judgment seat, aid disentangling the
real facts and bearings of a difficult case from the
sophistries and rheto;ic of contending counsel,
ever showed a clearer apprehension of the supre
macy of law as such than the President has now
exhibited in the keenness of perception and the
vigor of expositIon with which he has seized and
enforced the fundamental principle of all consti
tutional government. Under a constitutioal gor
1ernment, by its very nature, whatever its form,
whether monarchical, aristocratic or democratic,
no rights are recognized which are dependent
upon the mere will of any power in the State.
The Northern Papers on the Veto Message.
The two vetoes of the President, says the
Charleston Neuws-the first of the Freedmen's
Bureau Bill, the last of the Civil Rights Bill
may be regar ded as marking an epoch in Amern
can politics which presages and, indeed, necessi
tates, a thorough change in party organizations
and relations. We have already expressed our
views on the Veto Message of the President, and
present below some extracts from leading Newi
York journals in regard to it. The World(Dem.:
Bly this wise and able mems.ge, President John
son has established a new claim to public confi
dence. He has shown himself, thus far, a states
man of singular independence ; self-reliance and
** * The veto is a conclusive demonstra
tion of what was apparent before, that the con
fiet between the President and Congress admits
of neither compromise nor reconciliation ; anc
that the controversy can be decided only by at
appeal to their common superiors, the sovereigr
The Timres, Republican, says:
"The message of the President announcing his
veto of the Civil Rights Bill, which we publish it
full in other columns, nmay not command univer
sal assent. But we venture to think that few
state papers have ever been given to the .world
that will so thoroughly compel the attentiomi 0:
thinking men of whatever creed, or kindred, os
* * * "If, may be hoped that argumnent
so cogent as- those employed in the message wil
not be thrown away. It is not every day tha
members have an opportunity of listening to rea
son and common sense. They may find this ap
peal a seasonable and acceptable change. Bh
that as it may, the President's message will bi
read and studied outside of Congress, and every
where throughout the civilized world ; and
wherever it is read and studied the Americar
name and character will be elevated, in so fa-r as
Andrew 'Johnson is held to represent the Ameri
The HIerald, which endeavors to represent botl
"The veto of the Freedmen's Bureau bill was
but the distant thunder announcing the approach.
ing storm. This veto is the storm itself, ani
when it shall have passed away we shall have
purer political sky and a better atmosphere
But befo're that happy change the Radical ma
jorities of Congress will be swept away, and al
the thirty-six States of the Uniori will be invited
into both Houses under the successful restoratior
-policy of Andrew Johnson.
"We dare say that this Civil Rights bill against
ihe President's objections will share the fate o:
the Freedmen's Bureau ; but, in any event, it if
a declaration of war against the Radicals and
their impracticable schemes, and Andrew John
son, as in the rebellion, is the man to fighti
through on his platform of the Union and the
The News says:
"The President has strengthened his posittr
immeasurably by his veto of the odious and un
constitutional Civil Rights Bill. Of course il
will intensify the Radical hostility toward him
but that may be considered as a poiDt gained
There was no possibility of any compromise be
1ween the Executive and the revolutionists ir
Congress compatible with his dignity and the in
terests of the country ; and, the more open anc
decided the antagonism between two such pow
ers, the soener will the issue be determined
The masse0 will hail with delight the evidence o
their Chief Magistrate's firmness in combatting
the schemes of an incendiary faction. it is only
by a resolute exercise of the Executive authority
that this unnatural contest between the two mos1
potent influences in the political sphere can b4
brought to an end."
Forney, the "dead duck," in the Philadephi
.Press, says :
"How utterly berreath contempt Andrew John
son became when he sought in effect to nullifj
the great amendmnent by denying that it mi
citizens of those who had heretofore been slaves!
The Trilsr has an oracular article, implying
more than it distinctly says, from: which we exz
i tract the following:
"Let us- thank Mr. Johnson~that his veto- is- se
sweeping. He might have phrased it more cun
- ningly ; but he has'chosen' to let us knor that il
. is not this particular b-ill that has provoked hil
hope that any bill which provides-no matter
how cautiously, timidly-for the protection of
the blacks, will receive his sanction. It is, there.
fore, idle to consider his reasons in detail ; since
his main objection is not to any detail, but to the
purpose and necessary scope of the measure.
"Let us rejoice, then, that it is thus made still
I clearer that the blacks can have no other protec
tion than that of their own votes. The Freed
men's Bureau must go; the Civil Rights of the
blacks must remain such, and only such, as their
,t,pective States choose to accord them. Tf,
then, they are to remain subjects and Pariahs in
the land of their birth, they can have no rights
at all; for the bone thrown by contemptuous
pity to a beggar's dog is not his by right but by
grace and favor. The blacks must vote, or those
who hate them will verify their own prediction
that they cannot live free among us, but must
perish from off the face of the earth."
The N. Y. Commercial Advertiser, Republican,
endorses the Message. It says:
His reasoning is cogent, and must be satisfac
tory to all who respect the limitations of the Con
stitution or Federal power-who desire economy
of administration, and who correctly estimate the
true value of State rights. It can only be dis
tasteful to those who have gone wild upon the
negro question, and who are anxious for legisla
tion which shall especially benefit the black man.
Is there not wisdom enough in Congress to dis
cover and adopt such measures, or will that body
prefer to wrangle with the President in the hope
of making political capital? There is no real oc
casion of difference, certainly not a shadow of
reason for hostility. Fanatics have but to ignore
pet measures of doubtful expediency, and to act
in strict accordance with the Constitution, and
they can get along with Andrew Johnson.
The President's Proclamatio.
WASHINGTON, April 3, 1866.
The President's Proclamation declaring the in
surrection at an end, is published to-day. It as
serts that the Constitution provides for constitu
ent communities only as States, and not as Ter
ritories, Dependencies, Provinces or Protecto
rates; and that such constituent States must
therefore nocessarily be made equals and placed
upon a like footing as to political rights, immu
ni,ies, dignity and power with the several States
with which they are united. It declares standing
armies, military occupation, martial law, military
tribunals and the suspension of the writ of Ha
beas Corpu, in time of peace, dangerous to pub
lic liberty, incompatible with individual rights of
citizens, contrary to the genius and spirit of free
institutions, exhaustive of national resources, and
ought not therefore to be sanctioned or allowed,
except in cases of actuai necessity for repelling
invasion or suppressing insurrection; and further,
that the people of the Southern States have
given satisfactory evidence that they acquiesce
in the importance of the resolution which de
clares that each State ought to remain and con
stitute an integral part of the United States.
Nothing further than the above is said about
the writ of Habeas Corpus, neither does the Pro
clamation make any allusion to the general par
"The German journals continue to represent
the relations of Austria and Prussia as very
threatening. They even assert that Austria had
advised the assembling of one hundred thousand
troops on the Bohemian frontier, and had sent a
circular note to the Powers disclaiming all re
sponsibility for the consequences of any conflict
which may ensue."
The London times directs attenticn to the
critical state of affairs. It says that Bismark has
thrown off his mask, and the Duchies are to be
annexed to Prussia. Preparations for war are
progressing on both sides. In both capitals
military councils are held, generals nominated,
and plans of campaigns discussed.
The funds are depressed in the various Euro
pean markets by those disquieting rumors.
The Spanish Government has raised the state
of siege in New Castle.
The London Times says that Lord Stanley will
second Earl Grosvenor's amendment to the re
form biil, and predicts an Independent for it,
and hopes it is not too late for the Government
to bring forward a better bill. The Morning Post
believes that the amendment will prove the der.th
blow to the Ministry. The Daily News and Star
regards the proposed amendme~nt as an insidious
movement, and as nothing else but opposition tc
reform, and says the Conservatives dare not move
a direct negative to tbe measure.
In the Corps Legislatiff an amendment to the
Address to the Emperor in favor to an extensior
of liberties had been strongly debated. Several
speakers demanded increased liberty for the pub
lic, the press and the chambers. The amendment
was, however, rejected by a vote of 206 againsa
A Stre SEcRETART.-The SeCretary of the
Massachusetts Legislature, in a letter to the
Springfield Rcpublican, expresses what, we pre
sume, is the feeling of the body for which he acts
as scribe, towards President Johnson:
"Fortunately he has an irresistable propensity
to gabble ; and there are a hundred columns o:
evidence in his recorded and acknowledged con
versations, that he has been systematically deceiv
ing the Republicans from the beginning. He
evidently has all the vices which appertain to the
mean white race from which he sprung, vulgarity,
obstinacy. Is it not one of the most curious of
all the curious phenomena of this ~1irious age,the
the loyal North, after going through a four
years' war against slavery, with all its adjuncts,
rum, tobacco, spittle, filth and barbarityv generally,
should at last find itself saddled and mounted by
perhaps the best representative of this vile ele
ment that the ,whole country could furnish.
When is this thing to end? If such incongrui
ities are to continue in all the departments of life,
we shall have a commi8sion of architects delib.
erately selecting the corner-stone of some hog.
sty for the chief ornament of the Gettysburg mon.
ument and a common house painter will be en
gaged to furnish the pictorial ornaments for the
This kind of talk is funny, when-we conlsider that
the people who indulge in it, less than a year ago,
had an amiable disposition to imprison every body
who spo1te disrespectfully of "the Government,'
and insisted, with vehemence, that the "Govern
ment" was the President. They are now just
what they used to call us, when they vengefully
beheld us at large-"monuments of the mercy o1
the Government." However, we are quite will.
ing that they shall gnash their teeth in freedom.
and have not the slightest disposition to see the
forts erected for the defence of the country again
converted into prison houses for its citizens.
[ Charleston News.
THE PRo?oSED NEGCRo CELEBRATION AT RICH
Mo.-Gen. Terry baving asked for instructions
about allowing the freedmen at Richmond to
celebrate the 3rd of April as a holiday, it being
the anniversary of their freedom day as well as
the fall of Richmond, and that officer having ex
pressed an opinion that said celebration would
not be tolerated by the whites, it is understood
that the President has directed it to be sup.
pressed ; and simultaneously with the report; the
Sixth Regulars received marching orders and
moved this afternoon towards Richmond. A res
olution of inquiry into the matter was to have
been offered yesterday in the Lower House.
Cor-n in South-western Georgia is growing fine.
ly, and promises a large crop. There is not as
much planted, however, as last year.. The plant.
era are willing to risk the chances of a cotton
crop. Many of them are making preparations tc
plant largely, hoping the negroes may be induced
to remain and secure the crops.
- A Savannah paper is afraid the raising of rice
is at an end, and pictures the rice lands degene
rating into unproductive swamps. It says the
white mnen cannot, and the black men will not,
cultivate the swamnp- plantations. It Itherefore
goes for a comnpulsatory cultivation of them.
SHooti.-Jack Blease, colored, on Wednes
day last, about sun-down was shot by a party
unknown. No less than five 'hots were fired,
each of which took effect, but none of them are
considered dangerous, as he is now doing well
under the circumstances. We know not the re
sult of the investigation which has been had, or
whether any light has been thrown on the afatir.
We sincerely wish, however, that all such ugly do
ings were stopped. Peace is the universal cry from
all good hearts. Let peace, quiet and order once
The case was treated in an able manner by our
young fellow-townsman, Dr. &son Pope, who
we are happy to say promises to rank high in
the practice of surgery.
FURNISH YOUR HotsE.-New loves, and old
loves also, bring about new marriages,and as a
consequence new housekeeping follows; as this
connot be done in handsome style without new
furriture, we advise parties in the honey-moon to
call on Col. Leivell who has opened an assort
ment of elegant furniture, which we think ex
tremely reasonable in price, as well as beautiful
in style and finish. Others then are too, besides
newly married folks, Who might find pleasure in
looking over this assortment with a view to re
furnisbing. Go without delay then to the house
furnishing establishment of CoL L., over Rut
We are under obligations to Mr. McD. Metts
for favor done while North. His business North
was to lay in a stock of Shoes, a fine, large Stock,
and we are pleased to state that his success was
complete. His taste and judgment displayed in
selecting goods for this market,will be obvious to
any one who will take the trouble to call on him.
A. M. RISER has on draught fresh Albany
cream ale. Also, on hand, oranges, apples, lem
ons, cocoa-nuts. Mr. R. has made arrangements
by which he will soon be steadily supplied with
choice fruits such as banannas, plantains, pine
apples, dates, tamarind, etc.
Mr. G. M. GIRARDEAU, who holds forth at the
"corner"-"over the way," will accept our thanks
for a goodly sample of choice mackerel. We see
that he has in store some very fine bacon,. also
meal and grist, together with a variety of gro.
C. W. PARKER, "over the way," has on hand a
lot of choice pine-apple cheese, anchovy .fish,
essence of shrimp, capers, sardines, olives, fruits
and vegetables in cans, confectionery, fancy
Levi Siawson-Gr.rriage Manufacturer, Silver
Street.. Mr. S., is now fully prepared to repair,
pait.t arid trim all kinds of vehicles, also, black
smithing neatly done. Has on hand 2 fine new
buggies, silver plated double harness, a fine sup
ply of seasoned lumber, wheels, buggy bodies,
spokes, hubs, felloes, shafts, poles, etc.
PRA-rr, JAMES & Co., in to-day's paper, adver
tise late invoices of choice, fresh Drugs, Chemi
cals, Medicines, Fancy Goods, Perfumery, Brush
es, etc., also many sterling medicines, includin~g
some of the most noted specifics for the various
ills that flesh is heir to. Pure Citrate of Magne
sia prepared fresh every week.
LOVELACE & WHEELER, advertise in this week's
paper something good, quite common for them
to do by the way, as they generally make it a
rule to have something good always on hand,
and at prices too which can be reached without
using a ten foot pole. Call in and examine.
The assortment of Hardware at C. Gravely's,
Charleston, is worthy the attention of dealers and
planters; articles of the best material and manu
facture are kept on hand. See card.
MILLER & MONTGOMERY, Grocers-Dissolution
of Co-Partnership.. The business will be conduct
ed hereafter by C. W. Montgomery.
See advertisement of S. P. Boozer & Co.'s Car
Notice administrators call,estate Dr. J. A. Ren
Estate Notice-Elizabeth A. Payne, Executrix.
For Sherif--W. J. Lake.
For the Head.
To break up the usages of many years, which
have been sanct.ioned by law, and to which the
people have been accustomed is no light matter.
It is said that custom is a second nature-and
that man is a bur.dle of habits. Perhaps no two
proverbs are more correct than these-and they
are especially so, when applied to the condition of
things in the South at the present .time.
In view of the truth then of these proverbs, it
still is a necessity that we look at our condition,
Iwithout shrinking from the contemplation. By
the decision of war,"a new order of things has
arisen and we must submit to it.
The negro suddenly elevated to a state of free
dom, without any effort on his part, might be ex
pected to act in an improper manner in his new
condition, at least according to the views of his
former owner. Intoxicated with the idea of free
dom, not realizing that freedom imposes industry
and economy on every individual who Is worthy
of freedom, many supposed that they would no
longer be under the necessity of labour. This
delusion has not yet been altogether banished
Ifrom the minds of all: and before the freedman
can realize his true position this false idea must
be dissipated. The white xfiani e'i do much to
effect this-and he must set about this wo'rfc in
good earnest to accomplish it.
The negro must be encouraged-he must also
be trained itp to the responsibilities of his new
position so as to be prepared for its duties. 'Tis
true that the former owners of slaves are relieved
of a heavy responsibility-it is not their act; and
they are not responsible for the results that mer.y
flow from emancipation. If the results shall
prove to be good, none will rejoice more than
the former owners of the negro-and if bad, nione
will more deeply sympathize with them. To the
feelings engendered by the relation: which once
existed between the freedman and his master,
we look withi hope of much good resulting from
Ithese feelings to meliorate the- Condition of the
negro, and aid him 'in the improvement- whieh
must be made, if hiis new condition is to become
to him a blessing.
Labour is the great lever which puts in motion
ever.t+Mn,- uagful: and no abnhnn Is more imn
FIRE ii *mims.-A fire too place
Mobile on the fourth inst., which destroyed
CHARLES HUaLEY'S hat store, loss $5 000
insured for $10,000 ; PUTNAX & MATr=n6 book
dealers, who lost a large portion of their st*ky
which was fully insured; M. Maax & C.,
shoe dealers, loss $25,000-fully insured. AW
of these parties were insured in Mobile agen
cies of Northern companies.
How TO KiL Alms.-For the benefit of thoss
persons whose premises are infested with auts,we
can inform them, on very good authority, that,
by putting a piece of the Cianuret of Potash,
about t!.. size of a hazel nut,into the mouth of the
hole, toey will in a short time be rid of thete
troublesome pests, as it speedily kills them.
This preparation can usually be obtained at the
Druggists, and as it is the base Prussic Acid, too
much caution cannot be taken to guard against
EMIGRATION TO Bz.--A report reaetes us
from Mobile that a steamer with emigrats is
about ready to sail for Brazil. Numbers of South
ern people are still inclined to accept Brtzil as
their adopted country. We also'heai of -preya
rations making on the part of a goodly number
of Carolinians to remove either to Brazil or Me
QVOTING SCRIPTURZ.-The following is from
the New Yoik Day Book:
Senator Wade says in the United States Sen.
ate: "We can say with St. Paul, we have fought
the good fight." Would Ito God you were
able to say with St. Paul, also, that you had "Ana
ished your course."
A Minister in Connecticut offered up this
prayer last Sunday : "Not my will, but thine
0 Lord, be done : but if it be consistent with -
thy holy pleasure, we would that thouipeedi
ly telegraph for President Johnson to come
up to heaven." So says the Boston Comme
Mr. Rufus Lord, Exchange Place, N. Y., wag
recently robbed of government and other sceuri
ties to the amount of $1,500,000. A reward of
$200,0oo-the largest ever offered In this coun.
try-is offered for the arrest of the perpetrator.
The Phoeni.r warns the citizens to vacinate a
a preventive against the small pox which dises.
is spreading over the country, as there is a go6d -
supply of vaccine matter in the hands of pbysi
No CAanIAL.-The Rome correspondenio -
the New York Herald, writing under date 6f
February 24, says that the Pope his no iatenie
of appointing a Cardinal for7 the Unitid- tatesi
This statement, he says, may be relied o'i e 6or
At a revival meeti-g in Louisville;a *atch wa
stolen from the pocket of a clergyman while he,
was walking up and down the aisle asking sin
n.rs to repent. -
It is proposed in Columbia to hold a publie
meeting to endorse the course of-hePsiet --
Can we not do the samue ? 7 .
The third Atlantic cable will be laid duuipg
the ensuing summer ; as there is a charm in msui
ber 3, we hope the third attempt will be ausu
The Mississippi river is swelling to an alarming
extent. New Orleans is full of visitore-the pop.
ulation is now fully 60,000 -n1ore than betdre the
~Burnside has been ejected Governor of Rhode
Island 'with a slight majority.
- HYMENIAL .
MARRIED, on Wednesday evening April 4th, at
Anderson C. H., by the Rev. Mr. Elliott,)fr. JQwm
L. THoms LT, of Newberry, and Miss -EnA N.
F&,m, of Anderson.
Mzssafs. Enrroas :-You will oblige the friends
of Ma. WV. J. L A KE, 'by nominating him as a,
candidate for SherA' of Newberry District.
Apr 11, 14. NEWBERRY~
M Essas. EDITORS :-You will please announsa..-~
N. F. JOHNSON, as a candidate .for Sheriff4
Newberry D strict, and oblige
April 4,14 . MANY FRIEN~DS. - -
The friends of Capt. THOS. M. PAYSINGER
respectfully nominate him as A sumtabeadidd#e~
for Sheriff of Newberry District. VOTERS.
gg Akindly eard to those who have not ex'
amined our fine stock of spring and summer'
-goods.-It will be to their inter'est to' call an&
see and price the articles. JAOOB STERN.
WgALL 1IflRSONS DESIROUS OF -0&
staining PHOTOGRAPHS or AMBROTYPEb,
would do well to call at my Gallery, at the old:
stand opposite the Court House, immedaely, as
mjstay will be limited.
C. H. KINGSMORE.
March 21, 12-tf.
S PLENDID New Orleansfj3
Molasses, just received I~
and for sale low ; Half'bar- J'J j
rels Mackerel, nos. 1, 2 &
3 tcsell by the ibartel or retail, and Kiene.
1, 2and 3, fresh:and cheap. Als good ylo
Cheese an~d Fresh butter Crackers, Newark Cider
Vinegar, Maccaroni, -
'And many other articles for famdly use at IOWK
ap 11, 15 LOVELACE &. WHEiELER.
TP HE subscriber is now prepared to do alhid.
Iof repairing on Carriages, Buggies'and-Wa
gons; Painting- and Trimming neatly executede*
All kinds of Blacksmith's Wrk domes
I have a large lot of seasoned lumber, four
teen setts of Wheels, Ifuggy bodew, Skokes'g
Hubs, Felloes, Shafts, Poles, &c.
Two fine new Buggies 1 sett fme sfiver plated
Terms positively cash,
ap 11 1mi LEVI SLAWSON.
~NawugarY, Apni 2, l8M~. -
. HE co-partnership heretofore existi'g mndea
I the name and style of MONTGOMER -~
MiLLER, is this day dissoled byqiUtualI conent
CBgAS W MORGOMERYT,
WM. T. MT LLE2
The business of the late concern -of- Xostgemn.
ery & Miller, will be continued by C~has. W. Most'
gomery on bis individuaWl ou
Hubs, Spokes and.FEelFoes, -~~
Best Hickory Shafts
Enamelled Cloth, - -