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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, May 02, 1866, Image 1

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TONTHS, INA
VLMH.NEWB.ERRY, S. C...WED-NEDYMA2,16.NBR8
VOLUME I IIN.}
THE HERALD
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY,
At Ni7berry C. I.,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GRENEKER,
ZDITORS AND PROPRETORS.
TRXS, $1,50AFOR SIX MONTHS, EITHER
IN CURRENCY OR IN PROVISIONS.
(Payment required invariably in advance.)
avertisementsinserted at -1150 per square, for
Aret insertion, $1 for each subsequent insertion.
arreg~e notices, Funeral invitations, Obituaries,
and Communications of personal interest charged
aadvertis-ements.
[From the New Orleans Times.]
The Methodist Episcopal General Confer
ence, South.
ADDRESS OF TnE BIsHOPS.
S In the Methodist Episcopal General Con
4ferenme Revi Dr. Duncan, of the Virginia Con
ference, read'the following address from the
Bshops.
boar BretAren :-We hail with feelings of
devout gratitude the opening of another ses
bion-of the General Conference of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church, South. Circumstances
connecied with the late unhappy war have
prevented us from an earlier meeting; an.d,
now that we are permitted by Divine Provi
dence to assemble, the important interests
that wilt. engage our attention demand that,
..'ith'all sobriety and prayerfulness, we ad
Aressiurselves to their consideration.
ehave to review the operations of the
Church-for eight years-embracing a period
diring which important and startling events
-iave ciowded on each other in rapid succession.
WIenthe last General Conference closed, we
antic pated an earlier re-union in this city;
but Vie well known condition of things, at
the time appointed in'regular order for our
meeidpg, precluded our convening here. And
eyer .ice, until within the last few months,
itha been deemed impracticable to call the
Cozileience -ogetber. When it was definitely
decided-that the-Conference could not meet
athe proper time nd.place, there being no
h,w -in'the Discipline autborizing the Bishops
toven.ihe-General Conference, and the
state of the ountry also being such as to ren
der it, doubtful whether any conside'ablenum
7berof the preachers could be collected togeth
er-for the purpose of holding such a session if
4jjlJd, the Bishops, feeling the importance of
wise counsel. in the- emergency, published a
card inviting-a meeting of the Bishops, Book
-ommittee and others, to consult together on
diers iniportant subjects connected with the
imfmedte interestsLf the Church. Such a
meeling-was held, first at Atlanta, Ga., after
wards at Macon, Ga.,-and then at Montgome
-y Ala. In Agust last the Bishops alone
m fgr consultatica at Columbus, Ga. These
i-oimeeings were seasons of interest and
- prfite those who attended them, and the
results,of our -deliberaiions, as exhibited in
the.solutions which we published, tended
-,grakilv aswe -have reason to be'ieve, to
- -promote the peace and prosperity of the
Churchi. ta
In order thtthe character of those meet
ings-maybe c}early appreciated, we would re
- - mnd yvnthat when they wcre called it was
Mistinctly-stated -tha-t all-the acts of such meet
~ngswonid be siwply advisory. We disclaim
~-d all'aut-hority to'take any action t,hat should
- - - . ~e hinding-on the Church, oniy as it might
:b.approved as-wise and godly. We gave
sneeidiceas wejudged best for the Church
1n-her straitened circumnstainces. If the An
enual.Conferences approved it, then they acted
inecordance-with their own convictions ; if
i;t3en they.simply took their own course
in allmatters t.nat came before them, with-out
rcence to oui advice. It i.t for the General
Uonference to decide whether we transcended
'our authority in convening 'such adisr
councak1-.
-Early duiring the- war the Bishops had to
- -- confine their episcopal visitation to the terr
de*ie, fepiscopal supervision auring near
1y.th whole period of. the war. We would
not, how er faistop m eo in to conec
ti.n' haCisopavapu aug h edn wor wih
di CwthntFedeal lines Nwstatnig
theilis our tepS--ispal teihn tof te
to~asky cnfer eces ady patals, wbe toe
ed-bi vibeaieve thao the rCacforsaok.
heti labeor ll to thrionserests of the r ih
Churh8fGod. With but very few excep
iini, the Annual Conferences have been reg
bilarty held. The Presiding Elders and Preach.
ers have filled their appointments as of old,
end, with humble gratitude t> 'od, we men
tion the fact that during the trying years
through which we have passed, gracious revi
h-is of religion aimong our people have at
tested how the Divine presence has been with
We do not attne'pt in this brief address to
enier into a detaiied account of the general
ate of the twork. Thank God that we have
so safely passed th.rough a most painful and
fiery ordeal; that the Church has preserved,
under His blessing, her integrity ; that she
ha, n o is, ecomne complicated with pol
high -missior., has- been satisfied to perform
her leggtimate duties.
^Tt is proper to state to you that we found
it, in~our judgroent, needful to-the interest of
h7e work to dlepart inr some respects from the
strict letter:of the lair of-the *Church in our
-* -Episcopal administratioji. -Extraor~dinary exi
$In the~journals of the annual conference which
I ill come before you, the-particular instances
in whichr we have-judged it best to assume
ibis grave responsibility will appear. In all
iuch inatances we wish it uniderstiod that we
do not regard such departure from the law as
establishing precedents for future guidance,
biut only as illustrating-how extraordinary ex
i.gencies may make it necessary to transcend
the provisions of even the must whlolesomc
human regulations. From tms experience
however, the General Conference may finc
suggestions that are valuable to guide it ii
providing, as far as practicable, for contingen
cies in the future.
It would have been gratifying to us if w<
had been able to bear the expense of more ex
tensive travel through the work ; but in tht
impoverished state of the Church, and espe
cially in the absence of any provision for mior
than a bare support of the Bishops, this wa
impossible. This fict, we hope, will be sug
gestive to your body.
In August last, we deemed it prudent t<
issue a "Pastoral Address to the Preachnr
and Members of the Church," reminding ther
of their duties as Christian citizens, and giv
ing such advice as seemed to us appropriat
to the )CculiaL circumstances of the times
As that address has been extensively publish
ed, we deem its formal transmission to vot
with this communication unneccessary an(
will only ask your attention to such parts o
it as we may find it proper to recapitulate or
particular points at this time..
The publishing interests of the church suf
fered greatly in consequence of the war. Th<
book concern will require your car(ful consid
eration; and so:ac important changes in youi
plan of operations may be needful for its fu
ture efficiency. Of this, however, you wil
be better prepared to judge when you havt
heard the report of the agent, With pleasur
we have welcd9ed the revivals of our churef
papers; and while we regard them as in a big1
degree creditable to the church, we woul
respectfully submit whether it woult not b<
best to unite conferences in the publication o
a fewer number in order that they may b<
better supported and still further improved.
Our missionary work, once the glory of ou
Church, has been well nigh ruined. The Chin:
mission still lives, and needs your fostering
care. Although the financial condition of th<
country at present forbids the expectation oi
large collections, yet we may -anke prospec
tive arrangements for doing a great work it
that extensive field.
The interests of the colored populhtio,
should engage your serious attention. -Iere
tofore the colored people within our bound:
have deserved and received a large share o
our labors. We have expended our meam
and strength, liberally and patiently, for man3
years for their salvation and improvement
aud if in any wise our conduct has not beer
appreciated by some on earth, nevertheless
our witness is on high and our reward is it
heaven. It is grateful to our own feelings t(
know that if the colored people do not ren,aii
under our pastoral care, their departure re
fiects no discredit upon our labors in their be,
half and is neceesitated by no indifference or
our part to their welfare. Many of them wil
probably unite with the African M. E. Church
some of them with the Northern Methodisl
Church, while others withstanding extrancouE
influences and unkind misrepresentations o
I our church, will remain with us.
- Let us be content to leave to Providenc
to vindicate in due time our scriptural rela.
tion to the interests of the colored people
For those who remain with us the churel
should provide generously everything impor
tant to their religious culture. Convince<
that your body takes the deepest interest ir
this subject and will give it your special at
tention, we deem it only needful to -speak o
it in this general and suggestive fornr; an
especially as the Bishops in their pastorial ad
dress last August brought the subject proni
nently to the notice of our people.
In respect to the separate and distinct or
ganization of our Church, no reasons have ap
peared to alter our views, as expressed in Au
gust last. No proposal of fraternal relation:
has come to us from others, neither do wve rc
gard ourselves in any wise responsible foi
hostility evinced towards us. While the at
tempt to take forci blc possession of our prop
erty and to-disintegrate our C hurch, declar
the min~d that would destroy us, let it be our
to sher the, mind that wvas' in Christ. In on
conscious integrity we should calmly awai
the inevitable hour, when, in the Providene
of Glod, an enlightened public opinion wil
vindicate cur claims as a Church of God an<
a true type of Methodism. Let us not be imn
patient for our vindication before the world
The great future is before us, and the grca
IIead of the Church smiles upon us. Our fi
delity to CGod will most perfectly reply to th.
voice of defamation.
In thfis connection, it is w'ith pleasure tha
we refer to the fact that. many Christians 1
the North, and especially in the Northwest
sincerely symnpathise with us, and this symrnpa
thy,.we-have reason to believe, is daily assu
ming a more tangible and impressive form~
That.there have,s,at the same tiirie, been somn
defections in the-Chufch we care not to dis
gulie. A very few of-the whites have gom
from us. This was perhaps to have been ex
pected. Our regret is rather for them thai
for ourselves. But while we speak of smal
defections, we may refer also to most grati
fying accessions. Trho Baltimore Annual Con
ference is now represented by a dlelegation ii
this body. In February last Bishop Earn
formally received into our ecclesiastical eon
connection this Conference, consisting of on
hu::dred and four ministers, and a member
ship of twelve thousand.
It is a grateful duty to welcome these breth
ron among us, and to commend thema to tk
conidence and affection of our people. Tni
is a large accession to our members and terri
torv. It is also a testimony in our favor tha
is nobly horn by men whose former positioi
and lorg deliberation upon the subject, as wel
as their known intelligence, will entitle it t
special respect. In our -hecarts we. welcom
them, and cordially extend to them the-ri gb
hand of fellowship.
As a fact of interest to us and of promis
to our future influence, we may state that i
the City of Baltimnore there have been organ
izedl several flourishbin~g Church'es upon an in:
dependent basis, composed -of Methodist
whose war-m sympathies are with us and whos
liberal kindness has alrgady contributed large
ly to aid us in our time of need, laying us un
der obligations by their love and good .work
Our educational interests have been greati
damaged by the.war, and nearly all of ou.
male institutions have been closed. Provider
tially, many of our female institutions has
been kept in operation, and are still dispem~
ing the blessings of sanctified education to th.
daughters of onr land. Everything in 01
powe shul be m to revive, as speedil
as possitle, the male institutions undr the
I pat ronage of our Church.
In this connection we specially bring to
you attention the importance of an institute
for the proper traming of young preachers.
That we should make some proper arrange
ments for the more thorough training of our
young men before they are received into the
Conference and s:;t forth to minister in the
Church of Christ, appears to us to be so obvi
ous as to need no argument to prove it. It be
hooves us to take this matter into serious and
immediate consiOeration, and secure to the
Church the itvaluable advantages the provis
ion we suggest can only supply.
The instruction of the children under our
care, and the interests of our Sabbath School
system, cannot be too highly appreciated by
you. Your body will, we hope, show your
love for these little ones of Christ and lambs
of his flock by the practical value of your ac
I tion in their behalf. We think it unnecessary
to enlarge on a point of such obvious and vi
tal concern to the Church. Let us remember
that it is only by taking care of the children
that we can take care of the future prosperity
of the Church.
If we are to judge from the tone of the reli
gious press and the action of many of our Con
ferences, great concern is felt in respect to
certain changes in our economy. It is obvi
ously unbecoming in us as Bishops to ocenpy
any other than an impartial relation to those
matters' But we take this occasion to urge
upon you the inportance of giving these sub
jects your sober and prayerful consideration.
From our extensive observation of the state
and wants of the Church, we hesitate not to
say that some improvement of our economy
may be wisely undertaken at tiiis time. Well
for us if we can happily avoid extremes and do
neither too little nor too much. Let us re
member that while ir.novations are not neces
sarily improvements, wisdom may demand in
the department of ecclesiastical expediency
,ew applications and developments of funda
mental principles. The efficiency cf Method
ism finds its irst condition in the prevalence
of deep spiritual life; and alternations in our
ecuonmy are valuable as they coincide with
- this condition-calamitous when they ignore
s it.
f On only$e of the points suggested do we
regard it bec5ming in our position to speak
directly, and that is in respect to the increase
of the number of Bishops. For such an in
crease as will give the Church a more efficient
episcopacy, we think there is an urgent neces
sity. The infirmities of age press heavily up
some ofon us, and diminish our ability to answer
to the demands of the work for general episco
pal visitation. The great and increasing extent
of our territory should be considered. We
should by all means have a Bishop, for obvious
reasons, residing on the Pacific coast. And
while we do not recommend a Bishop for every
State or Conference, we are fully persuaded
that the number of Bishops should be so in
f creased as to enab!e them to be pastors of the
people as well as chairmen of conferences and
pastors of the preachers. If we would carry
out the valuable plan of our itinerant super
intendency, we must have an addition of a
onumber f vigorous, active and p'ous men tu
- your present College of Bishops.
1 And now, dear brethren, in conclusion, al
low us affectionately to remind you of the
- solemn responsibility that rests upon you as
f delegates representing the affairs of our be
Sloved Zion. We have only suggested in out.
-lines some of the work before you. It is your
- province to go fully and thoroughly into the
particular consideration of the subjecets within
. your jutrisdiction, avoiding all partisan feeling,
. discharging from our minds all prjudices that
. would cloud our.judgments, rising above all
private and selfi.h impulses, humbly invoking
that wisdom that is from above, which is pure
and peaceable, anda gentle in honor preferring
one another ; in brotherly kindness and chari
. ty, and with an eye single to the glory of God ;
2let us endeavor to do our duty here as mimis
teys'of the Lord Jesus Christ, praying God
rthat we may have grace to edify the Church,
that we may rj&ice that we hare not labored
in vain in the Lord.
The Terrible5 Se curze,
- Cholera, is now on this continent. Tt trav
Sels with great rapidity. IIere to-day, there
to-morrow. And while none are exempt fron:
its dreadl touch, those who. are uncertain ir
their habits and those who live in an i:n;purt
tatmosphere are most liable to its, effeets. II
is said that the disease follows certain pecu
-liarities in soil, etc. B3e this asit may, it can.
- not be denied that changes occur in this (lay,
-the solution of which batilles the most astute.
-Hence, we cannot say fora -truth thatwe wil
have immunity from th6disease. The p)roba.
-bility is that the malady widi not visit us
the possibility is that it will. How$nportani
lthen that we observ'e such a condition of. hy
Igiene as will aid us during the ensuing sum
mer, not,.alone from this, but from any other
epidemic, or plague that may be marshalling
its powers to visit the children of men. A
-pure atmosphere and personal cleanliness are
considered the best of safeguards. A thorough
. cleansing then of every man's premises, the
eremoval of all offal and garbage,-not a specko
sof which shouldl remain to invite the pestilence.
t Yards, sewers, and streets, etc., sho~uld- be
1 drained, cleanmsed, swept and fumugated. No
Istaignant water should .remain, no debris
Sshould accumulate. L.ime and other disinfect
Sants should be~ used freeiy where damp aii
tand other impurities prevail. Cellars, kitch
e Ws't. should be venitilated, and white
a shed. Every possible, effort 'should be~
-used to render the atnsphere, whfere human
ity dwell, pure and sweet. -With~ regard to
e individual hygiene, an eminent -physician
says: Preserve the best possible state of gen
eral health; all causes wihich make excessiv<
draughts en the nerve centres of organic lift
Ishould be avoided ; no confirmed habit either
Sof bathing, dieting, the use of wines, or- exer
e cise should be discontinued-nor should they
be commenced ; though some of them might
rba moderated with advantage.
nud fommr w-ho mdn!c leave off theil
drams, are almost invariably attacked and
generally die. Their usual habits should be
kept up, though their ordinary allowance
ought in no case to be exceeded. The strictly
temperate will derive no increased immunity
from a resort to stimulants of any kind. Nos
trums and medicines of all kinds, unless pre
scribed by a judicious physician, should be
carefully avoided.
For former epidemic, particularly the first,
much harm was done by a rigid system of
abstemiousness, amounting, in some cases, al
most to starvation. Wholesome, nutritious
food, in sufficient quantities, and at regular
intervals, is essential to the maintenance of a
healthy organic sensibility.
All excesses, or all articles of food which,
under ordinary circumstances, are known to
produce even slight discomfort, should be
carefully avoided. Those accustomed to their
use may eat ripe fruits, fresh from the tree or
vine, in moderation, with impunity and even
with advantage. Light meats, wholesome,
fresh vegetables, and the ordinary beverages
i milk, tea and coffee, are what the healthy
appetite calls for, and nature will be found
not only to tolerate, but to profit by them.
The clothing slould be such as to preserve a
uniform temm.rature of the surface. Flannel
next to the skin has been universally recom
mended, and there can be no doubt of its utili
ty. The clothing generally should be accom
modated to varying conditions of the tempera
ture. All sudden transitions should carefully I
be guarded against, and the body when heated
by exercise should be permitted to cool under
some slight addition to the covering. The
laws regulating the diffusion and concentra
tion of atmospheric poisons should be borne
in mind, and our advice given in accordance
with them. As the sun gains power in the
morning, such poisons are gradually expanded
,and lifted into the higher regions of the at
mosphere. So in the evening, as the sun goes
down, and the shadows of night gather around
us, they are rapidly. concentrated near the
surface of the earth.
During this period of condensation is to be
found the greatest danger of exposure; hence
the morning, the late evening, and the early
night air, should be avoided. For the same
reason chambers should be selected on the
second or third floors in preference -to the
first-cholera having always found a favorite
abode in cellars and basements. During these
Lhours the windows and doors of houses should 1
be closed, even though it become necessary to
open them at a later period. It has been re
commended to wear a veil of some kind over
the face, when persons are compelled to go
out at unseasonable hours, and there can be
no objection to the adoption of such a recom
rpndation. Davy's safety lamp effectually
excludes the inflammable gases from the lamp
flame, and there can be no reason why atmos
pheric poisons may not be excluded from the
air-passages by mechanical contrivances con
structed ou the same principle.
Fear, acting through the animal, makes
heavy draughts on the organic sensibilities;
hence tranquility of mind furnishes an impor
tant safeguard against an attack of the dis
ease. To secure this, persons should be ad
vised to attend to their ordinary occupations,
or encouraged to spend their time in adminis
tering to the wants of the sick. The sooner
any individual rids his mind of the fear of
contagion, the sooner he familiarizes himself
Iwith the presence of the disease, so much the
sooner will be occupy a position of compara
tive security. Distance, as it '"lends enchant
ment to the view," also increases the apparent
magnitude of all dangers.: One of the worst
effects of a belief in the doctrine of contagion
is that, whilst it gives no protection to the in
dividual, -it deprives the sick of the ordinary
olics of humanity. Humanity in all its ben
eficent warmth often shrinks from a visit to
the bedside of contagion. Once satisfy the
5mind that the disease is not contagious, and
that, increased security is to be found in benev.
olent ministrations, and we will no longer
witness the shocking scenes of neglect which
disgraced the epidemic in 18.32-'33. .
When the epidemic influence is fully de
veloped in any locality persons should be es
pecially c.autioncd not to leave their home sin
search of places of safety. They already car
ry with them a full load of the poison, and
tihe exertion incident to hasty preparatior: and
rapid traveling has the effect of impairing
their powers of resistance. A large propor
tion of those who left Wheeling, after the epi
demic was fully pronounced. were attacked
with the disease before -reaching their destina-'
nation. Under such circumistances home is
the place of greatest safety.
One paramnount dutty of every physician,
both before and during an epidemic, is to im
press upon all who depend upon him for ad
vice, the vital fact that diarrhoea, in whatever
form it commences, is the first stage of chol
era, and that-the sooner it- changes to the
characteristic rice-water appearance the more
speedy is the descent to the last an,d fatal
stages. From ignorance or wilful disregard
of this fact, thousands and tens of tbousands
of lives have been sacrificcd. iIe who neglects
this symptom fails to put an extinguisher on
the burning train which conducts to the ex
plosive mine on which he stands. It is as
serted by some writers that cases occur in
which the violent symptoms of the second
stage set in without a eccedent--diarrhea.
Without deny ing the truth of these statements,
I must be permitted to say that no such case
fell under my obseruation, or under the obser
vation of those physicians with whom I was'
immediately associa ted in practice. In some
cases it was, certainly, of very short duration,
andin others it was at first denied, but in all,
upon close inquiry, its existence was clearly
ascertained. _The i mportance of this stage, as
the only one generally curable, cannot be too
often-or too forcibly inculcated.
Many other points suigge,st themselves as
worthy of being mentioned, but we have al
ready transcended our limits. Attention has.
been directed to these points, having a direct
bearing on the. prophylaxis and general hy
giene of the disease, to the exclusion of much
that might have been said on other- branches
of the subject, particularly the treatment. If,
however, we have succeeded in showing that
every community has at its command the sure
means of diminishing the number of cases,
and of converting the most fatal into a com
paratively manageable disease, we have ac
comphished more for thageneral welfare, than
'if we had given a full history of every mode
of treatment, and a complete list of all the
specific remedies, which have been recomn
mended as infallible for the the use of the dis
ease in all its stages. When under the im
pression of a concentrated poison, the patient
passes rapidly into the second and third stage.,
all remedies and all modes of treatment will
be found alike unavailing, and as this monster
6ven now approaches our shores, he comes
with the old familiar, melancholy motto,
branded on his front: fifty deaths out ofecery
hundred I attack.
Judge Aldrich.
It is known to our readers that Judge Al
drich refused to hold Court on his circuit
this Spring. In Kershaw District, a public
meeting has been held to take his determina
tion into consideration. Col. W. M. Shannon
was called to the Chair. General J. B Ker
shaw, a distinguished citizen of that District,
offered the following preamble and resolutions,
which were unanimously adopted:
"Whereas, his Honor, Judge A. P. Aldrich
has declined to hold the Court of Common
Pleas for this District at the present term, in
consequence of the interference of the milita
ry authorities at Charleston to prevent the
execution of the sentence of the court in case
of the State vs. Cha;les Fox, tried at Charles
ton at the January term; And whereas, the
military authorities of the-State have, by their
general orders, prohibited all interference with
the civil courts in the exercise of their juris
diction between and in respect to the white
citizens thereof, and white residents not con
nected with the military establishment with
certain limitations contained in said orders,
which limitations embrace but few of the ju
risdictions of said court; And whereas, the
military courts are in and bysaid orders ex
pressly forbidden to exercise the jurisdiction
permitted to the civil courts, be it
"Resolved, That the refusal of the Judges
to exercise the jurisdiction permitted then is
not warranted by the circumstances, would be
subversive of order, encourage lawlessness and
crime, disappbint the just expectation of our
people, shuts the door of justice against cur
own citizens, and if persisted in generally will
tend to an extension of the jurisdiction of the
military courts, to embrace all classes of peo
ple and all subjects of litigation.
"2nd. That in our-opinion true policy and
duty require that we should exercise. every
privilege permitted us, and that rulers, Mag
itrates and-people should unite in every effort
to restore peace, law and order to our afflicted
country, to which end nothing would more
tend than the re-opening of the corts of jus
tice.
"3d. That while entertaining personally
entire respect for Judge Aldrich, we feel
bound by our sense of public duty respectful
ly to protest against the policy, wisdom and
proprety of his action in the premises."
Gen. Kershaw, and the two members of the
House of Representatives, made speeches, in
support of the preamble and resolutions.
In Sumter, (the same judicial circuit) the
"Watchman" in a well considered aiticle, also
takes issue with Judge Aldrich. The "Watch
man" very sensibly contends that, without
the law is administered, the worst results
may be expected in every shade and -form of
society.
The Legislature evidently intended that the
Courts should be promptly opened, and the
law enforced. The election of Judges and
Chancellors proves it conclusively. Heavy
taxes were ailso levied to pay these Judges
their salaries.
Washington News.
It is stated that the Reconstruction Coin
mittee have agreed upon the following impor
tant propositions :
First.-The Constitution must be so amend
ed that hereafter no State shall make a- dis
crimination in its laws or Constitution on ac
count of color.
Second.-After the 4th of July. 1876, ne
groes shall have the right to vote.
Third.-No representation -will -be allowed
between 1866 and 1876 for negroes not alloav
ed to vote.
Fourth.---The Sonthern States to be repre
sented on these conditions on taking the oath.
-The French Minister had an audience" -with
the Secretary of State, recently, anid pre
sen'ted the formal adhesion of the Fiecnch
Government to the principle of :non-interven
tion, as explained by the United Stat'es. The
French Emnperor kindly and cordially- repli_ese
to our Government, and engages to withdriw
is troops froi -Mexig~o-in three detachments,
one in November next, one iii May, and one"
in November, 1867. -
Ouir Government hearing .that Austria is
raising troops to operate against Mex-co, -his
instructed ouir Minister at Vien'na to inform
that Gnernment-that in-a war waged bji he
at this~ time,"udider' existing 'efrcumstangesJ
the Unite~d'States nould not remain silent- or
indifTeient spectators. Austria has coine.up6n
the ground^of non.intergention to which wte
have invited trance. --
T1he President has filled-al! the appointipents
in Virginia for the I-nterr.al Revenue Depart
ment with parties who have taken the test
oath.
Gen. Sickles has been nominated by the~
Senate as Minister to the Hogue.
SAVED HIS STRAwBERRIES.-An eXchange
mentions an ingenious method by which a
entleman saved his strawberries from the
daily attack of an army of robins. lie killed
a worthless cat, skinned and stufied her, and
having fitted ini glaring glass eyes, he mounted
her in the centre of a strawberry patch. Al
though the robins continued to congregate
upon the fence and trees near by, and scolded
incessantly, none of them ventured upon the
patch again. Perhaps the same "scare robin"
would save the cherries. - It is worth a trial,
particularly where cats abound as they do in
some premises at night.
A genuine case of trance is reported from
Guilford, England. An old lady, after being for
a long time ini a low state of health, sunk down
suddenly, and was pronounced by a surgeon to
be dead. The coffin was purchased and the body
put into it, but it is said that just as .the under
taker was about t9 screw down the lid, the sup
posed corpse started bolt upright, to the greatU
terror of the bystanders, anid getting out of its
coffin, walked across the room. It is added that
the "old lady is now bale and strong"'
A Nashville letter tells of a poor white so]
dier boy starving on the pavement of that
ciy No Freedmen's Bureau for him.
Work for the 3o1M. --
Coinx.-The present high pricesfor . corn
notwithstanding the full crop.asM year'at
West-arising mainly from the high priges of.
transportation, and the indispensableiiecess
ty of a full supply, admonish us to pl n & -
large crop of this great sfaple: Therefore,
manure heavily, plow deep, use ie best,and
heaviest seed you can obtain', and .lpt yog t
after culture be of the most thorough charaC
ter-working often and deep after the f
plowing, but shallow after the roots begin to
extend, bo that they n. ay be unbrken. In -
deed, these four things co nstitute i..the rl e
system of corn growin~-deep breaking up' -
and especially under the rows, plaoting -Ahe
corn lower than the general level, ple'ty4 f -
manure applied, and a frequent shaHow stir
ring of the surface during the growth of the
corn. See that you have enough planted.
Corro;.-After your crop is well starte
push furward the planting of' cotton withdut -
delay. It is -very important to, get an e4ir
stand, and much may be efected in tiis,a
by throwing up the.beds light and dry, -a -
be sure that you havegood seed anted * -
the beds are tough ahd cloddfgdhey wi
improved by a light harrowing Deore.pJn
in'. A thoroughly prepargd soil is better -
secure an early stand, than hasty,. 4ntim61iy
planting.
Sweet Potato,!s, bedded last month,- tI-WAK a
begin to furnish "draws." G'od,fair" A - -
soil, and plenty of n 6ure,'Xre t6ie prini' V *
quisites for success. Break o g
deep-open wide and deep fuzrows-s -
good, well rotted manure orrotted - -
es, &c., thickly along in this furrow&,ind
on that a broad and rather.flat- bed rn
this bed lightly, with a rake, -o pulvemsi
level it, and you are all ready. for6j
The "draws" should be carefully t e
roots dirped in a thick batter, med .f -
earth, ashes and fresh.cow-dung, equil -
stirred into water, and the plant set with i -;'*
"dibble" or other stick, ab6at 15 or 18iych4f,
apart in the row. If the weather is ' . -__ 41
plant after 4 P. M.; and pour a gill Ov --tvwo,
water around the root of each "draw lea e - -
only dry earth on tha surftee, top.e
rapid evaporation' from, too netfa, TAP.i:
The after culture consists.'n hghtjy ---
the ,des of the beds, to keep the weeds -
and stirring the earth ~a little,. if ith sh - -
tendency to bake or become hard. .As,soo- --
as the -vines begin to cqver the ridges 45 - -
spread across the rows, you-may lay the.0p
by. Close atention to these hint, (wh -
blessing of Providence,) will ensure- ag
yield ; and the crop ought to be larger this
year than ever before.
Chinese Sugar 'Cane, for syrup,s
planted as soon as tie weather becomes Se
tied and warm-a I ttle after -ornpit -
time. Tbe peaple of the Westpre
mate is not so favorable for t'is plant -
us, are still planting.it larg&ly, for the
tion of syrup and fodder--ucb imorA
ourselves. It niay-be planted much -fal.
corn, for a.syrup cro p but:ifyo'aal -4
an af/er Crop- of forage and ( erigp -
you should plant ndw. .
Corn in the drill, Egypiillrre
ridnGrass and other foragderps !nGstW_-*
in largely-but it'is entirey usessAO'-te t
these quick -pwing and ~ehaus g
crp,unlesryou ppare- the -r
deeply and thoroughly, andaply "any#q3 ~ ~
tity" of manure. Early, crops of co-. 4
may also be sw For fodder, wedSprc ''&
sow them in~idi ill-; -but if irtend& tth$*~
under for manure, 'sow s broadcasLCo
mon Corn mnay,-also, be-sowrn in ihe4il j 4L. -
foroge. - '."~
-Jerusalem Artiikes may -be pt'anted7m -.
low spots, waste places, sides ~of4iHes) -C - 2
and will yield good.food for E(ogs
Pla-it also; if your soil is saridy few2ai - a'
in Gouber peas, which will.beifound;v7p ~ r
ful for your fatteningswine- - -
Plant alsoi the Gh7dfa, bf ar
largely. It is a most pro1t e
highly relished by hogs chicTiensadpe'. -
pe generally !-Southsen ?151)vator
A WORD TO -rRlE Co.LORED 7~rOL -~'z1t~
tie~ for you all to shion your deszh-e to ;gY- -
respect and confideiice of-.other Yo u ~
been Lnaliciously told that those who~ e .
mrly your masters are .dispose~ ~to -
flut you kn ow by'this ti:eehu~-i~ 3 -
on with- you r-rorlignfug .and .,
and youiiLlw:ay, findkplprty- to
agnst persons'of.mnalicious designs2-~9r$ -r
has veqy wisejy crea.tpd a court for,y6ur.e e
and when you feel that injusti& liab n
you, you iare: the .prfviregc offiing to"
Court, and asking- for juie. Ooitb-' -.
you can in proper wayeO rroBOire d
ests.--Iinnsbora 7ci?i -- - -
The New Orleans-'Thia says' 12Si- -
-siggested by .a.correspondeib that s *~
turkeys and other poultry arSCIo
'is because~the.General Conerezyce is -esli
here,- and likely to,.ide'iorg$veraI we .i'
Twn Tak 'dt't believe a weil Of;. H h
knovn poultry equally high when therewaA n~
a conference within a hundred^mdeCs of-tife mar
ket."
A IN FORl THlE JoHNSON PaART LNaa[sAco
sz-s.-The "Johnson" paLrty is in the..ascen4ket,
at Nahant; Massachusetts. A.,t.hie recent tas t~
meeting the followving .officers were electe:
Moderator, David Johnson ; town clerk, A.. D.
Johnson ;selectme~n and assessors, W. H. Johni
son, E. B. Johnso:n, C. Harvey J.ohnRon; treasurer
and collector, W. WV. Johnson ; school- commit
tee, Franuklin E . Johnson, Walter JohnsonM-.
George L. Johnson iras also appointed a consta
The ladies of Raleigh, Ny C., receently prpose&
to organ-ze an association, of which the oldes&
member should be the president and the. yoeog
est the secretary. But the dear creatnires soon
met with an unexpected and ipsurmountable dif
flulty, and the project has been abandoned, it
having been found impossible to Obtain a -rs
dent, and every one of tlVe members claimnlag the
right to be secretary.
In New York city there are 35,000 dram sikops;
and 300,000 drmnkers, each drinking two gills- of
liquor per day-300,000 barrels 'a year. Tliis
qunity would mike a reservoir 900 feet long,
50 feet-wide, and 63 feet deep, -and could 'foat
for arge ships in full sail ; at $69 per.barre, it '
amounts to $18,000,000. Out.Qf 700 csses ~rld
before the Court of Special Sesions last -year,'
not more than 94 were' sober when..arrested.
P'aupers in the city cost $4,000,000 a year.
"Saie" for Sarah is the last illustration. -p
the "ic mania among voan lndieg -

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