Newspaper Page Text
Prx edizgs of twe all Conferlu of the 11oth
olist Epscoal ChurCh, Sounth.
The Committee on C n of Yonomy sub
mfitted a repot on the sijoet of ut inging into
iore int:niate rl;-io:is LA men n the Cou::cil
of the church. Tai zecot povbes fr a Dis
triet Conference, to be compse of an u
number of Laynitn and Ir n. o, pro
viding for the eection- of four L-ven by the
District Conference to e s the Church in
the Annual Conferee, and the ectiO of .an
equal nuniber of L.m by he An d Confer
ence to represent the Chuch m: the General
Conference. Tb s is th1e pla of .ay representa
tion, which W*I in subbte beO* teu, a ma
jority f;o:ing the pocy. The mnrty of this
Committee asked leave to suibmit a ect:nter re
po-t to morrow mornimg.
-A memorial relating to the ordir.ation of local
preachers, was read and referred to the Comtit
tee on Revisals.
A resolution instructing the Board of Foreiln
Missions to establish a post in Califo inia for the
Chinese, was read and referred to the Committce
(In reporting the appeal case from the Virg"ia
Annual Conference. te wron- name was mserted.
Instead of David S. Doggett, one of the MoSt em
inent divines of the Church, it is George I. Dog
gett, between whom there is, we underst Id, not
ee a d!stant relationship. The a:treion of
the Conference was called to this mistake publie
ry this morning, and the correction nad.)
Rev. Dr. Keener introduced a resolution in
structing the Bishop to appoint no preacher in
charge of a station or circuit who has not travel
ed at least one year under the care of an expe
rienced minister. The statisties presented by the
mover of the resolution showed that a large num
ber of men are annually appointed in charge who
are totally disqualified. Read and reterred to
-Cornmittee on Revisals.
Rev. Mr. Evans called up Report No. 2 of the
Committee-&r P.eligious Interests of the Colored
People. Th report substitutes a chapter in the
Book of Discipline. The plan is to cicate a sepa
rate Church jurisdiction for them in fratzrial
union with the Methodist Episcopal Church,
The discussi*n necessarily ensuing on a gves
tion of such peculiar importance, e%idenced a
breadth of view, in remarkable contrast with tie
narrow conceptions ceoniiny a*tribj,ted to Souzh
ern men. The acknowledgments of thn fidelity
of tLe colored people to their masters durin- the
war, and their quietne:s during the transition,
was handsomely paid and cordially endorsed.
The question cane up on the adoption of the
report as a whole.
Adopted with entiri unanimity.
THE THrEATENED IMPEACHMENT.-The Rich
mond Times says:
The radical press of the North-N est are boldly
urging the impeachment of President Johnson.
At Washington, the matter is freely discuss-din
higb Tadical Repub!lcan circles, and will doubtless
be attempted, if their leaders dare. We fear
they a-re bold enough to try it. But Andrew
c~hnson is a wise, sagacious and bravc man, arid
ready to meet such an emergeney. The pro
gramme, if such a thing is attempted, will doubt
less be to prcsent the articles of impeachment,
in the House, pass them without discussion, and
simultaneously carry thiroug~h a resolution declar
ing the Presidential functions snspending pending
trial, and directing the proper officers to be r
sponsible for the per,on of the president. Then
the blow is struck. But will such action be legal
-onstitutional ? Eleven sovereignl Sta tes are
unrepresented in Congress, and a third of that
body, therefore, absent. Coald it, then, in ac
cordance with the Constitutin, present legal ar
ticles of impeachment against the President ?
We think not.
Mr. Jefferson insisted that each branch of the
Government wyas the sole judge of the constiru
tionality of all Acts or laws which affected it, anid
in the case of Marbury vs. Madison, acted on
that theory, and disregarded the decree of the
Supreme Court, (see his letter on Spencer J.
Roaue.) Such a possible issue now presents an
EteTsting question, but we doubt not President
Johnson is ready to meet it.
GREENTILLE & COLUMBIu RILRoA.-Th-- stock
holders of this Company are now ra session at
Columbia, and we trust that their deliberstions
may conduct in some way to an improvement in
the affaire of the Road. Much complaint is made
by merchanits in regard to the delay in the trans
portation of freight, and we are aware of the fact
that a small lot of goods shipped from Columbia
on Thursday 24th ult., has failed to come to hand
up to the present time, while a package shipped
from Charleston b)y Express, on the 28th ult.,
has been at hand several days. Now, we think
if the express Company can get their packages
through from Charleston in two or thr-ee days,
th~e Railroad Company, having control of the
road, should cer.ainly transport goods from Co
lunmbia to Greeenville in a less time than ten
days. Other instances than the above could be
cited if necessary for improvement. We know
that the Company has suffered much in the des
truction of some of their rolling stock and road
way ;but we do not think there is suificieut cause
for the troublesome and expensive delays alluded
to, Sundry reforms in regard to the passenger
trains might reasonably be suggested here ; but
ive defer them for the present.
(Gremildle JIounitaineer, Dd in.st.
The Abbeville Press records the death of B. P.
Hughes, Esq., a highly esteemt(" citizen of that
town. Mr. A. is a native of Anderson. Also
that of Mr. John Speer, an honored citizen of
Lowndesville vicinity. In crossing the ford at
Rocky River, in a buggy, a portion of the lhar
n1ess gave way, and ini adjusting it, he frll into
the swollen stream and was drowned before as
sistance could be rendered. lie had attained the
extreme limit of four-score and ten verrs, and
his honorabie and useful life was crowned with all
- -"Whieb should accompany old age,
As h,onor, love, obedience, troops of friends."
We regret to learn that the small-pox is on the
increase in Edgefleld. Mr. - Whi:e, a voung
and respected citizen, died last week. The Ad
vertiser also chronicles the death of Rev. Arthur
The Laurensville Herald annonnees the death
of Mr. John Garlington, an aged and honored
CcL,UMBA ITEMS-A fiire oeenrrcd in Columbia
dn Tuesday night, destr-oying uihe store of Messrs.
Shelton, Calvo & Walsh, and three or- fcur small
er buildibgs adljacen-t thcre-to, and occupied by~
freedmen. Tt lo~s ex~cds' sixC thuusnid dot
Jars. Insurance partial. On Su:nday- night h:ist,
Private Andrew J. 1Iunkins, a metir of Comn
pany A. 25thi Regiment Ohio Yeteran Volunteer's,
was attacked by George Windsor and Jamews
Windsor, citizens, and very se-verely cut uad
wounded in the abdomen, hands and face. lie
is lying in a precarilous condition. James Wind
sorand his wife charged with aiding and abetting
the assault, the provocation for which has not.
transpir-ed, have been arrested. The other Wind
ser is still at large.
COMMENDABLE LIBE:RALITY.-Mesrs. WItLLIs &
CsotM , Agen:s in this city of the Baltimore
Steam Ship Company, reccived on yesterday bills
of lading for a large amiount of goods contrribute d
by the ladies of Baltimore, and purc-hased out of
the proceeds of the great Fair recently bi d in
that city for the benefit of the poor of the South.
$hese goods are the first instalment of the qu'ota
of this State, which aggregares iifteni thousanid
dollars, and are to be consign:ed, for- distribution,
to Dr. JoNx FISUER, of Coimbia. Messt . EN
IIERGAST, FENNIeK & C.'., the owners of the
steam ship line referrcd to. have~ noblyv declined ~
to receive any charges of freight. for t.he trans
portation of the goods.
THE LAST ROUDnERY.-TheC Augusta pape"s ladr
week reported a case of robry t!:at for cooiness,
ingenuity and success, equals any thing we ev~er
read of. A busiaess house '.as entered n h
usual manner from the roar, the iron safe~ taken
T }E \\E EKfLY I11E RA L iD.
NEW1EI1IfY, S. C.
WeadyMornin-, May 9, 18S0S.
Mr. TuoMs P. Sum:n, of C harleston, is the
authorized agent of ti;s paper, to procure ad
vertsemen.ts and receipt for monies due.
The American Hoel.
The opening of this houSe, as seen by card in
another column, on the European plan, is decid
edlv a fcature in Charleston hotel k,ecing, and a
great convenience. The v1itor rent- his room
anu sleeps there, but eats wherever it suits h1m
best. 'or the -eIonnodationt, however, of those
who prefer it, a restaurant is attaelcd, where at
all times can be h!id aiv kindl of dish that die
appetite Aanci-s. The propne:or is accommolit
ing and the visitor is azsured of every attention.
Greenville and o=unlbia Railroad.
The annual meeting of the steckholders was
hCld at Nicehrson's lotel, Columbia, Thursda y
and Fridav of last week. The occasion was an
interesting Cne, as many importait subjects were
discussed. The following are the officers elect:
PrCsidCt-1I. P. flammett.
Dirceors-Simeon Fair, Robert Stewart, T. C.
Perrin, J. W. W. Marshall, Alexander McBee,
James P. Boyce, B. F. Perry, J. L. orr, J. P.
Reed, L. D. Childs, Daniel Brown, II. T. Y:rmer.
The most important measure acted on is the
changing of the bed of the road, betweei Frog
Level and Columbia, to the West side of Proad
River. As it stands now, it is never safe from
disaster. Should it be transtferred, the new route
will be on a secure ridge and through a wooded
We would advise the planters of our District,
who have not Yet made contr,cts, or those who
have contracts that have not been arproved, to
have this matter attended to at the earliest mo
ment. Lieut. Ziegler, the Act. Sub, Asst. Com.
B. R. F. and A L., is alwavs in his office daring
business hours. We understand that he purposes
vi:iting each plantation in the District, as soon
as business will permit, for the purpose of ox
plainiiz,-(to the freedmen,) the nature of a coi.
tract, andl the duty of all parties living up to it.
Every planter in this District who has not yet
contracted, or had his contract approved, should
do so within the next ten days, as we think it
highly important, for all parties concerned, tiat
the above named officer should make his tour at
the earliest possible moment. Now is the time to
secure, anid have your labor guaranteed. To a
wise man this will suffice.
MiUtum in Parvo.
The grade of General will be established in the
United States Army. A disease has broken out
among the mules and pigs of the Wecst. Dr.
James has leased the Laurens Railroad for a term
of years-1) we believe. The road is to be put
in running order. We learn that letters have
been received here by prominent citizens to the
effect that it is in contemplation to connect Ches
ter and Athnuta by rail. An attempt was recent
iv made to assassinate the Czar of Russia.
The cholera is subsiding. Married, in William
son, Mass., Mr. William Williams and Miss Lizzie
Willijams. For particulars see small BUls. The
President and his Cabinet -are onno=:ed to.thn Re.
port of the Reconstruction Committee, and favor
the admission of loyal Southern members of Cou
gress.- T'e president says if the organic law is
to be changed at all, it should be done at a time
when all the States and all the people can partici
pate in the alteration. Te'egr-aphic communica
t'onis are to be established between this country
and Cuba. We are gratified~ to learn that Presi
dent Jeter has nearly recovered from his recent
wounds. Hie has secured the services of Mr. M.
Nicely, says the Spirtan, to superintend the re
construction between Shelton and Alston. Mr.
[I. T. Tustin's residence known as the Cary place,
near Abbeville 'illage, was recently destroyed by
fire. The Senate of Tennessee has rejected the
bill disfranchising Southern men-old B3rownlow
s frustrated. "Episcopal Methodist" is to be the
ame of the Southern Church. A Louisville let.
ter says the Protestant Episcopal Church at th
South exhibits a life and vigor not dreamed of
en years ago. The members of the Me:todit
Co.nferen.ce at Newv 0rleans recently had a pie ni
>reparecd for them by the ladies. Arrangeme:,ts
were made to take a photograph picture of the
Lody- on the pie nic gron.ad. Other- goo:Is may
hive declined, but the rise in hoop skirts onl the
treets, is at times quite s:atling. Butter i
down to 12.ie. per pound in Virginia,at Coltzubi,
s. C., 25c per pound. There is an abun.dance
iere at from 40 to f>0 cents per pound. The Fro
-ida Evergades are to be drainedl,so as to bud a::d
lossom as the rose. A new bank-rupt b,ill wil!
oon be presented to the house. Republicean9m is
n the wane. A hiurricane passed ov-er a por
ion of Bartow, Flioyd, Polk and Carrol coun ties,
'unday night before last, doing immense damaige.
)ver a miillion nines iwere blown down ini a sp ice
f five miles ini letngth,and a half mile in breadth.
ihe Fe'nians have subsided ini a fizzle. Sie tran
it gloria, O'Mahony. A bout ;iJ,( 00 bushels corn
iere added to the stock in Ch.arleston, last week.
t is believecd that Congress will adjourn early in
une. The fare on the Learv st-eamers: betwe~ en
New York and Charleston, is reduced. The cl
rated poet actress, Menken, the iivrn'l represen
ative of 13vron's M azeppa, HSen won-ing~ appa
el, on the back of her iand,omne fiin s'teed,
IIa:idee-ul-A zeen, pero:mns in New York Thec
mbihe heir report about Brazil. It reads~
ike a romance-B3raz:il is pt udiga! and powerful
na resources. A French paper will shortly ap
ear in Charleston under the auspices of Major
Dubos. The Phonix reminds us that CdL Hul
ock, the gentle man ly andr in tel ligen t head of the
Southern Express, once protrered thre G. & C. R.
urrangements to erect a line of telegrap)h aloig
he route. Can it not now be undertaken. Ae.
>arrel of kerosine was ignited at theC Detroit and
dwauikee Rtailroad, which spread furioursly, de
~toing the depot and ferry boat, Windsor.
iwenty -eighltt persons were burned or drowned.
3rigam Yungdeela cs that he will dr-ive all
Calhoun, is the name of a ne'v Distr-ict, pro
osed for South Carolina. The Courier, pub
ishies an intcering report, on the ~climate, soil
esources, capacities, and natural and acquired
dvantages. This report has been~ prepared by
committee of the mnost intelligent citizens of
iken, S. C. Calhoun "ill be for-med, (if at all,)
ut of the corners of B3arnnelI, Edigetield and
The (Jharleston ]haily South Ci arolinian.-T his
xOcellet jou rnal conies to us now as an v?eI;og
aper-enlarged and inmproved every way. A
TLa nharcston Board of Trada.
The re:;ula: monthly m ing of the Board was
held at the Club oon of the Charleston Hotel
on Teda en ay1
The m in w :c,lled to order by the Prosi
demn, W. S. ilastie. Esq.
Th ii e fa jore etn of the.(
.d or the eletiOlt (r an Excvmive Gom:it
ee, and of thi:e ubsequnit meetinigs of the
E xec:ve Comi..wtee, were read bv the Secreta
rv, J. 1. e le,E g. and confirm"edl.
Comtte'te en! Coastwi'S Naviation: Comnit
tee on ahi.l, Tek;gaph nd Exprs Coinies;
(ontnit Con Eoicoura eme:: of Emigratio;
(Commt. ce on Correspoienee ; Conuntit tee O
Inlmd Transporta"io ; Comittee on Foreign
:ind .reet Trade ; Conini.,ce on For eiLn aid
Poneztic Excnaute ; Coninittee on Insurance
an Fac; 1o1nnufttee on illl, Reading Room
and 1,iry ; Con.miittee On (ievances.
T Char'matn nc:timaed the folowing Com
mOittee, u\ bich were' allirmed:
|...!, *i;in Ji>'m 0 n Li,rrary.-C. TI.
Moise, CiA'n ; ..t ramsn, I. OttPl.ngui, R.
Z. Brune:, Wla ny
Coa.,,;sc . . ig\ ;.-Wml. Gurney, Chair
man ;NW. T. U " V* Ei Wil;is, G. II. toet, II.
'The Chairman announced the following Com
mitteels whnieb wertmiptd
F~.1ia.? andIn u rc.-G. V. Wil!iams, Chi
man ; A. Simonds, J. I. Colburn, Z. B. a ,
E. D. King.
Cow-idlec on I,land Tra portation.-Wm.
Ravenel, Chnairmian; A. R. 'Taft, ). F. Fleming,
C. Froneb1ergr, E. 1'latt.
;o,i'"ec mn Encouragecnf of Emirin
H. i-choff, Ch.airman ; A. Canale, J. F'. 0eill,
H. Gerdis, WV. 11. Eutry
Co:nmii;t!-e on F>r.i,n ("mot D;,act Td.T
D. Wagncr, Cairma:I ; E7. WI - tral, E. Wil
li, Jamnes M. Wiikon, A. 11. IiTyden.
man ; G. C. Scinain, C. W. 'oycs, Jno. IIatckel,
II. T. Tho:npson.
The Chairman appo-uted the followIng Gom
Mittee, which were approved
omnt on Pl'ceCrns.-.Wi,s
Chairman ; L. 1). Mowry, V. T. Burgo, 'G. WN.
Glarke, G. W. Williams, L. C. Styles, II. I. De
The Board go(s to work with herculean effort.
It won't be long bofore Gharleston will arise in
the penitude of her beauty and com:-ercial
The Board is distinguished for liberality, cour
tesy and industry, and un ler its fostering care
Charleston must Boorish and extend her limits.
She is destined, we think, in tie next decade of
years to have a populatiou of iot less thian 100,
The Board earncstlyv considers the irnportance
of railroad connections between the seaboard,
the mountains and the vast storehouSes,granaries
and emporiums of the great North-west. IIon.
G. A. Trenholmn, and Messrs. Gourdin, Marshall
and others, portrayed the imnmnse bentefits to be
deriived from the conmpletion of the Blue Idge
Road. 83 ,000,v00 have been paid up and cx
pendedlI in ustatntial work, which htas suffe'rcd
but very little dining the war. A miilion and a
half dollars is all that's needed for its comtpletiont.
We learn that a delegation will be sent to the
people of the West to cotfer about the imipor
tanee of pushing the great work forward.
Let the line be completed fromn Cincinnati and
Louisville to C harleston by the PBlue Ridge route,
via Knoxville, Lexington, and Anderson, S. C.,
and the rich anid teeming t reasures gathered from
the fertile andi inecxhaeustible soil of the country
thte road traverses, an d v:hich will be poured
down from t!'e divergi ig linies which radiate at
various sections of the route, will open up varied
and diverse avenues of trade, that v.ill entrichi
thle meCtroDolis and the whole ate.
WrrIar.'s S.ITUv-If th re is. ai man by the
name of .Jobn Sith itt the United States, he i
herebty informed~t ;that there is a lenter for
him in the post otlete.-a!!..nore Sin.
The Last we hieard of Mr*. Smith, he was living
in Michigan.-7We ( . O.) E.l.le.
Tha:t's a itakme. John Smiith has been ar
rested andi sent to Sing Sing fur pa rtieipa iag in a
Copperhead Cou'ventn at AlbanyV.-Browne Re
Oh, pshtaw ! Johtn Smnith i- over htere edi tin g
the A.'!a (.a' :4arnn and superitenditng the
coast' nerion .if w ~hirligig to grind smoke.-Son
Mistake somlrewhere. Smith was in Mark!leville
all summurer with a wheelbhirro 'w wheelin:g suntshtinc
down in a cellar to drye buck~ wvheat.-A /pine
Thte identical John Smith above referred to re
eenily appieared int the ciyofAcison, and is
rutnningt a snake-and-mnonkey-show at the corner
of Fouth and Commnercial stre'ets.-Achtison
13 'g yo"r pardon-but that Smith has been in
his' itall winter actinig as asststantt tutor in a
po1 ticaL vi ymtn t niu.- Lee wnmrthf/ Bu!lhinL.
A wron ge~ntl..m'n. John Smith is neither
cons'ructing~ a irlittig 't in moe tnor
awheel i shne doatn a celitr to dryx bach
ahea ht' is an honored represetntative itn the
n'n L''i- itur'e here atnd an:iters to his inate
at roll *all .ith as inunh ntoneh l.tIlanrce as5 ifit aere
simpiy Jo:n's or Browvn.-7baAa L:'"er.
You arc all wrong r. Smiith has turnied "'abo
litrioner," and at last accouts ! was rnnintg a "iig
gr mtactine" at Janetion City, Kansas. We
glean from the L'nio'n of the 1t3th ult.-Kansas
Not mnucly, says Artemnus, the t'eritable John
P. Smi:h is nmy. trave!litng agent.
You are all badlyv post ed for ne wspa per edit ors.
Joimi Sminithi was lown tip by a sc;e-uiboat on the
Tomibigbee a fe'w wieks ago, and has not come
Why;, what a mitake! H le has come down,
ind ha s beena ricon tructred andi ha rmon ized, and
is tow supposed to be engaged in maintg a mar
le top antd a looking-ala:ss for the Freedmen 's
Dreau. Whe'n hie gets thirough with that job
so:neC other paper can "pass h/im around.--i
On a cold tra'l every one of you, Smith itas
tot beent oumt of the equanimnite of this rang~e since
die confeideracy went up. We rejoice in bein~
tble satisfactorily to settle all doubts, and beg i
the Post master at Baltimnore to forward the let
er imm~ediat'ly, to care of this ofBlee. For the
information of his friends we state that outr friend
John Smtith~ emtploys his idle moments, when not
runnting is Eng in', in arramng~ing~ th prltiia
ri's for open ing a Smnithery, and for the success of
whiich one requisite is only lacking-nature's best
~ift to tman-utpon whiCh to hantg a duplex eleptic
Ix<:nssim:xcv.-Refering to the admission of
oorado and the exclusion of' the Southern
sates. fthe N. Y. I/or'd says:
"htadds to the inconsistency and injustice
f the distinc:ion is the fact that, the cotton fur
tIsit fco:n the excluded Southern States since
he close of the war, for the markets of the
orh'!, foots orpon am sumn equal to the hunidred
tilions~ int tgobl, for the relief of the national
yredit, tie nationail currency, antd the Federal
ax payers of the United Statecs, from one end of
he Union to the other ; whilst in all pr(obabilty t
is large at t mou'~nt may be secured this year bya
idtitting the south to Congress, which wouid
e-establish there the confidence, activity and
;ystemnatie indmustryv necessatry to lie full devel
>peenCit ever, of the crops that htave been plan. r
The Cotnnntittee apoin:d by th Texas Con
't',inn form ~lIv d 1 'i en v of' the Ordi- a
The Damwell &nt;ne1 says that much of the
oung cotton has dicd. Cause-the rge of
he seed or the way in wh'-h it has been pre
In Virinia the wheat crop o, well. Drill
Aheat has borne the rigor of winter better than
hat seeded by hand. Because hand sown wheat
s imPrfectly coverN .
Accounts from Georgia speak fl-itteringly of
.he lteat crop. The cotton seed in Morgan
:oanry fails to germinate. Norlthri farmers
who have recently migracd thither and purchased
f,rms are discouraged. Their freedmen are dving
>f s!"all pox and typhoid fever. They apprehend
i fAilre Inr bad seed and the unrelabieness of
The LaGrange, Ga., Reprwter, snys that narmere
ire in better spirit than they were at the b)egin
ig of the year. The freedmen are working well
ind crops are forward. Prospects flattering, and
if no advor.e fortune appears, the harvest will
Crop propects in East Florida are encouraging.
iorn three feet high, and cotton doing well. A
private letter states that farmers look for a bet
ter crop than for sever J. years p:lst.
The accounts from Alabama are mixed. In
some sections the prospect- are splendid,in others
not so good. Ifeavy rain, wind and hail have
destroyed in a great degree the cotton and corn
and impac:ed the earth. Where the cotton seed
has fai.C, doubts ire entertained as to a further
supply. However the season advances, and corn
v,ill have to take its place.
The Wetumpka Ala. Messenger, of the 26th
Llt., Says :
We have just returnel from a trip through
portions of Coosa and Taliapoosa counties, and
we ra:hered all the infor:m:tion we could, both
f:-om observation and enquiry, as re,.ards the
crop pro:pects. The wheat crop we find very
romising, and should the ::eason prove favora
ble, and the rust not nuke its appearance, an
.bindant harvest may be expected. It is gene
rally very forward, and we think will come on
abo'ut two weeks earlier than usual, which will
not he too soon. Fruit tree.: are hanging fill of
young and tender fruit, which promises well. Tne
land for corn and cotton is in excelent order, we
fear, however, too much cotton is planted to the
exclusion of corn. Planters have gone to work
in earnest. We saw in one field two white ladies
hard at work, hoeing corn. In another we saw a
white la(lv plongin;g, and close by, plaving in
the newly made furrows, was her little child,
happily too young to be troubled with the cares
and sorrows that weighed so heavily on the heart
of its poor widowed mother. I1appy, indeed, is
tle season of youth, but alas! how soon it is
gone. Our hearts deeply sympaihise with tli-ne,
I t we conniniend their example to thousands 01
both sexe., who fold thieir arms in idle ease', Ia
ment their' unhappy fate, and await the comforts
of life without an effort on their part to secure
A correspondent of the Macon Journal writing
from Perriy County, Ala, says:
As a general thling, I apprehend that the pro
portion of landI planted in corn the present year
is less than it should have been ; but I see tWit
quite a number of' planters have changed their
programmies to sonic exteniit, andi have phantcd
sonme of the land nih iclh they hiad prepared ar.nd
designed for cottoni in, corn and "de goober pea."
In the doing of w~hichi, in rmy j udgmenit, they have
The 'freedmen," with some excepltions, seem
to be doing qunite as nell as could be expected
under thle circumstances, but fears are now being
entertained that as blackberry season1 is no0w up
proachiing, Sambho rnay conclude to "lay down de
shovel and do hioe" to attend to the saving of
A corrospondent of same paper from Bourbhon
co., Ala., says:
The larger portion of the freedmen are working
well ;sonie fe w are .shirking, arnd some break'ing
contracts and resorting to the towns. The last
heavy rain h as .40 comnpaetted the boils of the last
planting of cotton, the seed will cou.e up badl.y
irs tlr angs good stands1 Corn good stands,
and growing finely. W here there is nto Bureau,
the fr-eedmecn are wvorking well, and seeri very
well satiefid. May arnd June will try their reli
The prospects in Tcnnessee are flattering for
The coming cotton crop in Clborne, Louis
ana, is est:im itedl at less t!m n a fourth. Comn
phiints comne up~ from all parts of the State about
A correspondent of the Vicksburg Journal
spaks of' Mtssissippi as foldlowvs:
IIeavy rains in Tcxas have retarded agricultu
ral opierations. Though in many sections the
crops look well.
From what I could learn concern:ing the cotton
rop, the prosp)ects for ti,is county are quite fau
vorable. A bout three-galarters ol the hin d ustial
l in eu' tivatlion helore lie war will be pranted
this year. I find not much confidence, buti gret
[ars expressed concerniing the labor. Many Ue
ieve that as sQon as tile weather begins to
"win: tup," ad the sun to shine with his SUm
mer hieat, thiat Mir. Darkie will lie downi in the
tnce corn er, in all thei dign.iy and independence
becoming his condition. So far hut little com
plinits ex ist against them ; they ha~ve done vert
well. Tihe dite'rence that exists between thle
pjantity of land in cultivation is very striking.
The condition oif Lowndes Counity will, I stp
iose, compare favorably with that of any other
ounty in the State. While on the other hand,
f yoiu.gi to Cailborne~ County y'ou find bitt one
ire iti tenl in cultivation to the number planted
Jefore the war.
To conme to any proper estimate there concern
ng the amount of' land in cultivation, y'ou must
trike the in diumn between tihe two extremes.
['hen y'ou must ileduct- firom the :365 days in one
rear the .52 Sundays and the 32 Saturdays; this
eaves you 2 1 working days. Now, no one con
ends that the neCgroes dho nilore thtan twio-thir'ds
le work theyv oughit and could do. Two-thirds of
lfl is 174 woiking dayvs for the wvhole year. So
ou see that the average amount of land in cul ti
ation, comipar-ed to the whole amount of acres of
pni land, is 8-20 less than one-half. So we would
are, really, less tha:n half a crop ilanted, and
ut two-tbirds work done on that half crop. I
are given von the data. You catn draw your
tW'n conicltusion. I predict a terrible "'lettingt
lon" on the part of those propht ts who see a
>ig crop going to miar'ket next fill and wmnter.
Reports from the various sections of our State
re generally good, especially for cerials. In the
pper sections wheat and rye promise an abun
ance. The farmers of our District have been
'ry industrious in making fertilizers and plant
nz all the ground possible. Wheat andt corn
>f which there is a large breadth--flourishes fine
y, though the late rains have been rather cool
'or cotton. It germinates slowly; some platiters,
iowever, speak of having fmne looking "stanids."
Albeit, a large number of freedmen have gone
est, we learn that labor is ample atnd abundant,
rith some little su:rplus yet, and so far the pios
>eets are good. A late gentle shower having
eed thei ground from its impacted conidition
arought about by tile recent heavy, beating rains
d high win ds, the canni is now mtoist, mellow
id warm, anid the seasons generotis. So that,
nder the blessings of lieaven, should the f reed
en ear,tinue industriously to work at their pro
~nt crops and not fancy that there aind thither
an eldorado, a eureka, nor dreatm too much of
J,r Oe H, rald.
Many things can be done for the prosperity of
a place lich are not thought of till the practi
cability of these things is suggested. Before the
war, which has inst closed, a large quantity of
co:ton was bou lht in thi; town. The Bank of
Newber;y was in operation then, and furnished
facilities to traders and dealers-merchants, the
means of purcha-ing aH the produce brought to
this nrket and oifered for sale. Capitalists
joined their means and took stock in the Bank.
The Bauk went i.;to operation and the result was
what has just been stated ; that th means of
purebasing the pro,uce of the country were af
forded, and the prod-ice was sold.
is it not poss;hle that the Samtr thing can again
be done? It is believed that there is capital
enough at this time, in the District lying idle,
which, if put into a National Bank, would give
ali the facilities for buying and selEing pioduce in
t!Is town, which once existed here, when the
Bank of Newberry was in sucecessfl operation.
When a good market is afforded to the people
near home, it is never the case that the people
will 2o far, and pas; by such a market, to sell
their produce. The difficulties are so great, as
were evidenced by the winter j ist past,in getting
to market, that when such diillcultivs can be
avoided, they wNii! not voluntarily be undertaken.
Capital lying idle brings no profit to the owner
nor to any other person. If this c-.pital cotld be
invested safely, so as to be secure, and at the
same time -make a profit to the capitalist, a great
good would be conferred upon the community at
largo, while the c ipitalist would be realizing a
handsome- per centage on his capital. Let it not
be said that every thing is too unsettled to em
bark in such enterprizes as this. I woubl suggest
that now is the time to engage in such an under
taking. Columbia-a town three-fourths burned
to the ground, and the people literally stripped
or everything-saw tie importance of the thing
suggested, and b:s a National Bank under way.
If the people of Columbia can co-nmand the
means what is there to prevent the people of
Newberry from doing the same thing ?
The concentration of capital here will bring
trade and prosperity not only to the town, but to
the District, and to the Rail Road. We see re
ports in the papers that projects are contemplated
as 'o connecting Charleston with Cincinnati, by
means of the Blue Ridge Rail Road, by way of
Knoxvi!le, Tenn., and also of making the connec
tions fro.a Atlanta, Ga., to Anderson, S. C., from
Newberry to Chester, S. C., and thus on to the
great thoroughfares to the North. This would
place Newxberry in a position which would con
duce more to her prosperity than cny other thing
that could be done.
These suggestions are thrown out like bread
upon the waters-the results may be seen after
many days. In the meantime will the people
think of these things ? CIVIS.
For thie Hferald.
NEW ORLEANs, APRIL fi, 186t.
Editors H- rald :-We have hot days-gre -a
peas, beans, Irish potatoes, &c. I have not seen
a beggar sinice I came-there may be some,hio
ever, and they judged from thle appearance of
vour correspondent that he had nothing to spare.
But the thieves maske up for all begging. The
city is infested with rogues, white, b:aek and all
intermediate stripes, male and female, old and
young. T hey steal by night and day-when you
are looking at them and when vou are looking
One is struck, if not bitten, by the multitude
of ugly little dogs. I have not seen a dog in the
city of a size that it would not take four at the
le ist to make one such as brother Dick Chap
mas white dog. Of nine-tenths of all I have
seen it would take on an average from six to ten.
The children seem to be somewhat on the dimnin
utive scale also. In faict the people generally
seem not to have attained to the full stature of
men and women in the old fleshly Adam. Rev.
J. R. Pickett is here-I have seen one such in
the city ears-thought lie received the worth of
five cents a little nmore fully than somue others.
I had heard much about the beauty of the la
dies of the Crescent city-a great deal more than
hlf was told me. I have not seen them-they
may live where the big dogs are kept. A ride of
four miles through the Creole Kingdom -dawn
one rail and up another-showed ma more ugly
women than myv eves ever behiel in the same
numbher any where else. I was told, when I re
p)orted the sights of my trip), that I did niot go in
the right direction. I am inclined to give it up.
Bat there are some ladies here, that might be
appropriately classed with many ia tihe Palmetto
According to the number of Churches and
amount of bell ringing there is little Church go
ing and the Church going is far ahead of thle
naorshipzpers. But, then there are good people
here. Shows, operas, theatres, frolics, private
and public, are the order of the day, or rather of
the night-grog shops agree with this state of
things. While the "Yankees" had rtule of things
here the theatres were shut up on Sunday nights.
But the anti-puritanic sentiment has opened these
engines of demoralization again. I hesitate not
to sayv that the Yankees were right and that the
existee of a sentiment in the South of anti
puritanism which is wrong. We call nmany .thin.s~
"purinic which are ch,ristian and should be
oi>served by us abhough they come from the
.Aorlh. On the whole I am of the opinion that a
man can loge hiis soul as easy in the South as he
can in the North-and that if a man or woman
desires a certain and quick passage to the neigh
borhood of the "rich man", he or she e-an find as
mu~lch ni.t and comn 'ort in tis Southern city as
any whet-e I know of. Trymng to travel in~ the
other directioni, I remnaina yours, &e.
S. HI. B.
P. S.-W. M. Wightman, E. M. Marvin, D. S.
Doggett, and HI. N. McTyerre were elected
Bishops of the Church on yesterday. No more
will be elected. S. H. B.
For the Herald.
En. EDrIORn:-During a very pleasant and de
lightful conimunion meeting at the Presbyterian
Church, in the hospitable town of Florence, in
Dar;nigtonu District, S. C., on the morning of Sat
urday, the 28th April, after a se.mfon by Rev.
J. J. Long, the Rev. D. E. Frierson, was invited
to take the chair, who explained the object of the
meeting, when I was requested to organize the
Florence Bible Society, which by a vote of the
Sodiety, including all denominations, was made
m auxiliary of the Amer-ican Bible Society, for
he distribution of the Bible, "without note or
:oninient." The occasion was one of much in
eCrest. A good supply of Bibles and Testaments
vere ordered by the officers from the House of
.he Amewrie n Bible Society, for distr-ibutiun
unong all readers alike. Officers : Rev. J. D. A.
Brown, President ; J. L. James, Esq., Vice Presi
lent ; Jer-ome P. Chase, Secretary and Treasur er;
Executive Committee- Capt. John WViey, J. A.
SALFs-DAY.-NotwithstU 1nding the unfaTcrable
condition of the weather the strc-.: pre- enrel
the usual attraction of crowds of vistors from
the country, from a number of whom we hear
thw, at present, common complaint of too much
rain and cool weather, so much so thaz fears are
entertained of ruiFt taking the wheat. Never wa
there a better prospect for an abundant crop and
we trust still that no serious result will ensue to
cut it short. As to the general crops, their fu
ture success or yield, not much can be said,
owing to the unreliabihty of labor; time alone
will prove the problem, whether the laborer will
work to the end.
A lively clash, not of armc, but words, between
our re.peetable and rival auctioneers, Iept the
neighborhood of Court llouse Square in gfte
humor during the morning, there,being no less
than three of them, and all crying at once. One
offerin& a superannuated wigou an" harness, an
other a patriarchal horse of doubtful age, sup
pozed to be under 20, and the other a dog cart
and harness, e m:Ih Nmtd of attracting the great
est attention, determined to run np the aforesa'id
valuable property to the highest figure. We lefh
before either lad knocked down 'tother to ary for
tunate individual, the cries furiously sounding oT
"nine ar.d a quarter, did I hear," from one; "gar
ing at thirty-seven and a hall" from second, and
"forty-five, are you all done, forty-fire," fromn
the other ; wbile we wre going, going, gone'.
This was not all the property offered or sold,
however, as nunirz of individuals will testify
who were relieved of their greenbacks.
UN1FAL.THY.-Everybody's busineA is unfoZu
nately generally found to be the business of no
hody. Everybody sees the necessity of clean
lincss, and a proper hygiene in our town, but
strange to say there it rests. It is certainly a
mifortune, and a great one, that our town is left
to take care of itself. Its orphaned condition
calls for an expression of pity. What may or
will be the consequence, this summer, if the - va
rious stagnant pools about and around our devo
ted town remain undrained ? sickness, pestilence,
death. It behooves then that somebody consider
it and adopt some way of ridding us of not only
a nuisance, but a future dread. Now is the time
too, before the hot suns of this month and next
do their unhealthy work.
REv. MOFFATT GrEIR.-It was our good pleas
ure to hear this young minister last Sunday
.orning at the Associate Reformed Church. We
would like to attempt an extended notice of his
discourse, but fear that we would not dohimn jus
tic.Sfce it, that he is an earnest, eloquent
and impassioned speaker. Lofty in 'onlception:,
cogent in reasoning, pure in style, simple yet
dignified in manner, and just ornate enough to
fascinate the mind while he impresses the heart.
RF.UEvEn.-Tieutenants Carr and IeCCann,
with their Co , K., 15th Maine Tols., kit our
town for Abbeville last week. Lieuts. Orcutt and.
Owen of Co. C., supersede them. .The retiring
garrison were courteous, finely behaved men',
We wish them a pleasant time at Abbeville. We
trust the new garrison may have a pleasant ad
agreeable sojourn in our community
Mr. A. M. Riser will accept our thanks for his
nice present of a mess of Black fish fresh from
the waters of Charleston harbor. It is his in
tention to keep up a supply of very many choice
and seasoniable delicacies, which we hope will be
appreciated by the publ;e. The fish we aloe
to come pacl:ed carefully in ice and are per
MF.Ar SToLE.-Col. J. R. L., of our town, had
all his meat stolen a short time ago. He is oe
the trail. If the party who took it would save
their bacon-it ha' better be returned, soon.
We think they ought to have left the Col. nalf',
or one or two miiddlings at least. Give him back
his meat, and may'be he'll forgive you.
No-rres.-E. HI. Cuars-rrax, will be happy to
see his old friends at the Tupper House, where
everything good in the l'me of beverages may be
had at all times. Also ale, porter, pickles, oys'
Messrs. Wiskemani & Wilbur have pced us
under obligation by the present of a foot or twd
of real old Bologna Sausage, a rarity not ofteri
seen in these parts.
Dr. Grierson's soda fount is in full blast. IC
gushes with sparkling, delicious nectar.
Mr. Jas. G. Gibbes of Columbia, offers a supe-'
rior article of Guano to planters on time, payment
to be made either in cash or cotton in October
next. This offer will enah!e the planter who .is
short of funds, to supply himself with this valua
ble fertilizer on easy terms. It is not too late
either, as it can be applied to the crop after it is
up and growing. See card elsewhere.
Dr's. Ruff & Pope, having entered i:M g part
nership, offer their professional services in the
practice of medicine and surgery, to the citizens
of New berry. The experience, together with the
practical ability of these gentleman, will com
mend them favorably to the public. Notice theih
Mr. U. Br'ant!y, Practical Surveyor, wilt attend
to ar.y orders left_at E. P. L-tke's office. The'
practical experience of Mr. H., is to well knowdt
to need recommendation. Business entrusted to'
him will be executed promptly and with satisfae.:
Mr. R. Willson, located at Power's shcp;Laus
rens district,. is prepared to fit up and repairA
Pumps. We recommend him to thosc in need of
Mr. W. A. Templkon advertises having tound
a roll of greenbacks, near Silver Street, which
the loser can recover by application to him. u
Rev. M. M. Boyd, it will be seen has an estray
mule ; the rightful owvner is informed that he cadl
have 'his mule.'
A. MI. Riser's Ice Cream Saloon will be throwrt
open for the citizen's to-morrow, (Thursdays
mo0rn in g.
Mr. Jf. C. Richard's; adui'r estate of Geo. Ash
ford, dec'd, calls upon the creditors.
The "Andero Ieigencer,'? of Ws 8d,
complains of outrages by the military in that i
lage and dis trict. In announcing another chi.
of ga irisoni, it says: :
Ter -eert dis.ict ar again nsnlidate*