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NEWBERRY, S. C.
Wednesday Morning, July 11, 1866
The Court of Equity,
For Newberry District, - convened here
Monday last. Judge Carroll presided with un
impeachabfe grace, vigor and dignity. The
docket wasvery heavy. Many original and
singular cases, growing out of the times which
"tried men's souls," were considered. Court
ropean Intelligence-Hostilities Begun.
The Italians, under King Victor Emanuel, were
repulsed by the Austrians and forced to retire
gicross the Mincio. It is rumored that the Han
o"erian army was surrounded by the Prussians
and must capitulate.
Vietoria accepts the resignation of the ministry.
arl Derby will form a new one.
Cotton firm, buoyant and advancing.
A Wational Union Convention,
Is called t& assemble at Philadelphia, on
the 14th of August next. It is to be com
pWsed of representatives from all the States
It is with pleasure that we place this item
to the credit of the Underwriters' and Home
Insurance Companies, of New York. As soon
an it was known that a fire had occurred here,
and that persons having their policies were
suferers thereby. a financial agent was sent
immediately to make payments, which were
fully and most agreably done last week, to
the amountof about $15,000. We congratulate
Messrs. Carwile and McCaughrin on having
the agency for such well-established, prompt
and honorable associations.
The GreenviU Mountaineer says that Gov.
Eammrett has inaugurated measures to stop plun
dering on the G. & C. R. R., we are glad to hear
it. The thing is an unmitigated evil-.
The Keowee Courier learns that Cov. Orr will
convene the Legislature perhaps in a few weeks.
Also that the District Courts will soon be put
We regret to learn that Mr. B. S. Rhett, sr.,
was assassinated near the race course, Char
leston, last week. He was shot with a double
barrelled gun, leaded with duck shot. A
number of colored men have since been
arrested charged with complicity in the mur
Revolts are reported in St. Domingo, Guba and
Madrid, Spain. 1000 persons were killed in the
latter place before the revolt was suppressed.
The weather is extremely warm all over the'
country. The papers report many cases of cholera
and sun stroke.
On the night of the 4th, the Odd FeIlows
Ball, New Orleans was burned. Loss $220,
000, insured for $95,000.
Another serious disturbance occurred in Ghar
leston last Saturday night between the police and
negro troops. The latter precipitated the row.
Maximillian's star is on the wane. The Lib
erals are triumphing. Annexation to the Uni
ted States is bruited in Mexico.
Twenty cases of cholera reported in New
York for the week ending July 7.
There is scarel adutbthi;te President
will veto the Freedmen's Bureau bill
The Prussian Government offer cornruis
uins to ex-Confederate officers.
1 Special Notiee
We invite attention to several impotant
articles in to-days paper, to wit : Proclatia
tion from His Excellency Gov. Orr and ascom
panying Order, from Gen Sickels. The re
establishment of. order. Immigration...-Dis
trict Meeting. The Newberry Union Bible
Society; also to the various cards and adver
Dr. D. M. Clark called to see us last Friday
and stated that he was on the. search of a
freedman who gave his name as Warren
Gilliam, forbq&1ry, elonging to Gen. James
Gilliam Said boy broke into the -Doctor's
house- during his afsence and stole a revolver.
In tracing him up he learned that the fellow
stopped at Mrs. Miles Croiners, and ordered
dinner, telling the lady that be- was in the
habit -of getting whatever he wanted--and
that his business was to barn and steal when
ever it suited him. 'The Doctor traced him
to Newberry, ard ~ succeeded in recovering
the pistol which he had sold to a merchant
here, saying that he purchased it in Columbia.
All along the direction he took in -coming
this way, Dr. Clark learned that the fellow
inade (when practicable) great boasts of what
he could do, and inquired very 'particularly
about the burning of Newberry. He also told
some -one that he had just finished a job of
work for Mr. Baily Suber, in this Dhstrict, and
that he was-on his way to Union and Spartan
burg. We did not get. a desdription of this
irrepressible Ethiopian, but would advise par
ties to be on the qui vive for his' appearance.
The weather is intensely warm. Don't know
exactly how hot it is, though, as our thermom
eter's burnt up. The streets, too, are exceedingly
dry, dusty and dirty, While the burnt district,
with its ugly piles of blackened brick and broken
pots and pans, nails, . oyster cans and printing
presses, broken saws and druggists' jars--(we
were going to add frying bacon, sardines, mackeral
and codfish, but the freedmeen have long since
fished the flesh pots out,) shaky walls, and,. weird
looking chimnies, with their sombre shadows,
detract nothing from this unpleasent condition.
We "have heat," as the French' would nicely
express it, when we look out, upon the prospect.
Promn our new sanctum to the depet, (a good
healthy stretch,) not one. "oak, or elm, or linden"
offers us its Sgrateful shade. But three small
shrubs in all this frequented way essays to protect
the traveller from the fierce meridian rays of. a
blazing, brilliant sun. Those cellars, 'too, that
we spoke of several week~s ago, are yet fdled with
their foul accretions. Typhoid fever or some
other malignant disease may be the resultant..
How delightful and refreshing to turn and
think of pastorial scenes! Beautiful fields of
waving grain, vineyards of purple grape, mea
dows, lakes and lawns ; grottos, glades and cur
tained valleys, where the pinky feet vi baby-play
ers press the sweet, wild flowers to the moist
earth in gleeful, guileless, unconscious sport.
Since penning the above, we take almost
infinite pleasure mn recording the fact that a
generous shower of rain fell last night. The
earth is now coo.1 and moist and the atmos
phere delightful, while the pr'ospec-t appears
good for continued showers. We learn that
the rain was extensive.
An immense fire swept over Portland,
Maine, on the 4th of Jnly. The burnt,district
covers 'ane area one and a half miles in~ length
by a quarter in width. Fifty buildings were
blown up to -arrest the flames. Large con
tributions ar'e being sent forward to the suffer
ers. The fire was caused by a little boy
throwing a lighted fire-cracker into a pile' of
shavings. A tremnendous4 storm of wind an<d
rain raged in and over the unfortuinate town
two days before the fire, destroying lives aniid
I'A ineeting of the citizens of Newberry District
was organized, at Newberry Court House, on
Moiday, 2nd July, 1866, by calling Hon. Robt.
Moorman to-the chair, and appointing Silas
At the request of the Chairman, Jas. M. Baxter,
Esq., stated th.e object of the meeting to be--to
consider the-question of labor, to ascertain as far
as possible the sufficiency or insufficiency of free
Negro labor, and, upon the proofof its insufficiency,
so devise some scheme for - the importation of
reliable labor from: abroad.
Col. S. Fair then called upon J. F. J. Caldwell
Esq., as one qualified by a residence in Europe,
to state if such labor as we require could likely
be obtained there.
Mr. Caldwell spoke at length, irging: st, That._
our present system of free African labor must be
ruinous to the country, as shown by the character
of the negro and by the experience of the -past
year; 2nd, That industrious and trustworth
laborers may be hadin the countries of North
Germany, Denmark and Sweden ; and 3rd, That
these laborers, tenants and domestics may be
imported at a cost not exceeding (830.00) thirty
dollars per head, in specie, and secured on our
land and in service at prices -probably,lower than
we are accustomed to pay for negroes-thereby
giving the country -profitable lab.r,ers and good
citizens, and adding to the land' a gieater pro
ductiveness and a higher market value.
Maj. Jio. P. Kinard moved the appointment of
Jjgents for the purpose of visiting Europe and'
securing there laborers, domestics, &. The
motion was unaminously adopted, and Mesors.
George Larset. and Silas Johns one. were appomt-,
Geii. A. C. Garlington moved that a comMitiee_
of three from each beat company in the Distrie
be appointed -for the purpose of solicining sub
scriptions to the enterprise, which committees
should report the names of persons subscribing,
and the number and kind of immigrats desired,
to a meeting to-be held at Newberry C. H., on
the 21st iistant~
On motion, the Secretary was added-to the com
mnittees, to receive subscriptions at NewberryI
Mr. Isaac Herbert having raised the question
as to the ability oI our people to hold their lapads
and profit by the intoduction of foriegners,
Mr'. Joseph Caldell addreseed the meeting
combatting that objection and showing from the
nature -of th.e negro- under the present systema
and thd kind-of labor and quality of.persons pro
poseid to be brought from Europe that we should
iiot only gain nothing by adhering to -the former
-not only acquire a valuable labor by introducing
the latter-but that all the interests of the country.
-natural, social, and political-absolutely de
pended upon this or some such movement. Mr.
Cadwell spoke fully and forcibly, exhausting the
question in regard to the two kinds of laborers
and carrying cony,ietion of the imiporgance and en
tire feasibility of the scheme.
. Gen. Garlington and Maj. Henry Summer fol
lowed the last speaker, both cordially endQrsing
the project and enjoining its adoption by all persons
interestid in' procuring tenants, laborers and
-The meeting adjourned to Saturday July 21, inst.
SIL AS JOHNSTONE. .
The Fourth passed off quietly here. -The
citizens, (where time and circumstances wouldI
admit) robed in their coolest apparel, sat down
to a good book or with a friend to a bottle of
sherry on ice, or a quiet stroll,with genial corn
panionship. "There came a rush- of memory
o'er me, and-I wept-I wept." -
The Fre'edmen were exceedingly staid and dig
nified. They followed no brass-band, had no cold
huckleberry pudding, no hot lemonade; no dust,
no swelter,' no preaching, nor speeching. A few
.-juveniles-gatherca in a yard opposite our
ofice and seemed to enjoy themselves hugely
ove a goodadinmwr sua their twistification plays.