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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, August 22, 1866, Image 1

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VOL IL WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1866. NO.34.
_____________________________________ '4
THE HERALD
Is PUBLISERD
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry C. H.,
. By THOS. F, & R. H. GEENEKEE,
TKRMS, $8 PER ANNUM, IN CIURRENCY,
OR PROVISIONS.
Payment required invariably in advance.
Advertisements inserted at $1 per square, for
first insertion, and 75 cts. each subsequent in&r
tion.
Marriage notices, Funeral Invitatiou, Obitu
aries, and Communications subserving private
interests, are charged as advertisements.
Special and I.gal Notices, $1 per square each
insertion.
The Philadelphia Convention.
ADDRESS OF GOY. ORR.
PHILADELPIIIA, August 14.-Trains
last night-ard this morning were heavily
loaded with dekgates and visitors to the
great Conven tion, and the hotels are over
dowing.. The reception room of the
-executive committee has been thronged
with delegates registering their names.
Every State and Territory is represented.
The harmonious feeling of yesterday is
still more marked to-day. Fernando
Wood, in a letter declining to appear as
a delegate, has made hin. many friends.
Vallandigham will not go into the Con
ven tion ; he has written a letter to that
effect.
At a meeting of the chairman of the
variouts delega tions last evening, the foi
lowing business was agreed upon: Each
delegation is to report one of its number
for Vice-President, one for Secretary,
two for the Comrttee on' Finance, two
for the-Natiial Union Committee, . two
for a committee to wait upon the. Presi
dent with a report of the. proceedings of
the Convention, one fcr a G nmittee on
Credentials, one for that upon organiza
tion, and. two upon resolutions and
address. There will be no discussion on
the resolutions. The interchange of
opinions among t'e delegates has ex
hibited an'wanimity of sentiment upon
this subject that forbids discission. The
resolutions. will substantially embrace
the prop >sitions contlined in the call for
the Copvention, which, is honestly and
eordially apjiroved by all delegates here
North and South-Republican and
Democratic. It "s proposed that the
Convention shall 14sue a general address
to the country,.and, in addition to the
address of the Convention, proper South
ern delegartesshould unite in a separate
address, stating more in detail the posi
tion they occupy, the reasons by which
they are influenced, and the results they r
4ope te obtain.
An informal mteeting was held last
evening of the soldiers of both Northern
atnd Southern armies, in whi ch apro
position was made and received, with
favor, to all a Convention of the soldiers
<>f the two armies, at some central point',
within a few weeks, where men who
fought bravely against each other may ?
meet in a.spirit of conciliation and deter
mine to stand together in the maintaining
the Union and the Constitution..
Governor Orr spoke at the National
Guard's Ball, .last mghbt. He said the
people.of the South believe they had
the right to secede ; the North did not
agree on the question, and submitted it
to the arbitrament of arms. The North
ern interpretation of the Constitution
has been firmly and legally established ; a
that decision was pronounced on the C
field of battle, and the decree is incontro
vertible. The South has surrendered her
principles, and' accepts the Northern in
terpretation; we are willing to abide byc
it forever. By this war, the people of
the South have, to a very .large extent,
been stripped of' their property ; their
banks and, their credit are gone. In
many localities, the great stand-point of
civil~law has been lost. Thus, the peo
ple.of the South have fa.r more need of a
stable Government than you have; and
it is mad folly to charge that they will
not fultill their oaths to suppor-t this Go
vernment. We claimn this as our Govern
ment as well as yours; but, that we may
be equal, we must have representation
in Congress. It is not just to tax US
gna e;clude as from representation.
Montgome~ry Blair and others, also,
~spoke. The Convention wil organize
in the wigwam.
LATEST --P. M.-The Convention as
semibled in t he'wigwam at 12.30 P. M.
Mr. Randall opened the Convention,
saying: Gentlemen, I have to announce
that delegates from South Carolina and
Massachusetts will now come, arm in
arm, into this 2onvention.
This announcement was greeted with ~
great applause. The entire audience
rising at this moment, Major-General ~
Couch, of Massachusetts, and Governor
Orr, of South Carolina, at the head of ~
their delegations, mrarched, arm in arm,
with banners flying and music playing.
Shout upon shout spontaneously rent, I
the air, and tears filled the eyes of the C
delegates and electors. (
Gen. John A. Dix was nominated as' I
temporary Chairman. In accepting, he
said: I regard this as a Convention of no 3
ordmna-y character, not only on account ;
of the high ncinl nml politicnl snan '
of the gentlemen who compose this Con
vention, but because it is a Convention
of the poeple of all the tates of the
Union. [applause.] and because we can
not doubt, if its proceedings are con
ducted with harmony and good judg
ment, that it will lead to important re
;ults. It may be tru!v Faid that no body
of men have met on this continent under
circumstances so momentous and so im
portant since the year 1787. [Applause.]
The year when our ancestors assembled
in this city to form a better Government
for the States which composed the con
tederation; a Government which has
been confirmed and made more enduring,
we trust, by the fearful trials wbich it
has encountered and overcome. [Ap
plause.] . Ten States have yet no repre
;entation in the legislature of this country,
nd it is this wrong we have come to
protest against, and as much as in our
power to redress. When the President
)f the United States deolared that the
war had ceased, all the States had the
right of representatiwn. The oxacting
)f new conditions is subnversive to our
fational liberty, and dangerous to the
>ublic peace. [Applause.] Is this the
3rovernment our fathers fought to es
:ablish, or whi.b we have fought to
naintain? He trusted that in the de
iberations of the Convention the main
dea would .e to ch'n-e the present
:mplexion of C-ngress, to purify the
1epublic, and hiing it back to its origi
lal standard-one countrv-one flag
)me union of cqna1 States.
After, the appointment of the com
nittees on crclentials. resolutions ,-nd'
>rganization, the Convention adjourned
intil to-morrow, at noon.
Senator Doolittlee has been nomi
iated in the committee organization as
iermanent chairma n.
Vallandigharn sent a letter to the Ohio
elegation, declining to go into Conven
ion ; it will be read before the body
o-morrow.
Pm1L.DELPYiA, A ugust 15.-Noox
Phe Convention was called to order at
Loon. The wng?ra:n was crow(ed with
elegates and spectators. A large nurn
er of ladies were present. General Dix,
n the chair. Mr. B!air, from the com
ittee on orp".ization, atnnouned Mr.
)oolittle for Presidernt, which was re {
eived wit' great applause:
PmUADEnHI, Aug. 15.-A National
oonvention.1'f soldiers of the North and
outh is arranged to take place in Sep
ember, at Cincinnati.: The leading offi
ers of the Unioni and Gonfeder.te armies
re active in this work .It will be a
novement co-operative with the Union.
lonvention.
PHILADELPHLA, August 10.--The Comn
nittee on Cred'entials reported in favor1
f the admission of Gen. Crosby's Maine 4
[elegation. The let ter~ of Vailandighatm
ct with great applause. After stating
hat the Ohio de:egation hiad passed
eCsolutions endorsing~ him'as a duily
lected delegate, his patriotism and fit
ess to repi esent his conistituents, and.
eclaring tht i rea liness to st-id by him i
n the assertion at his righ ts ais a delegate,i
hould he deem it proper to present him
elf to the Convention, he says: "Yield-(
aig my ownt deliberate conviction f duty
rd right to almwst ann noiaious opinion
nd desire of friends, whose wisdom and:
oundness of judgment and sincerity
nd purity of motives I may rnot question, 4
o the end that there shall be no pretext,<
ven from any quarter, for any contro
erted questian or disturbing element in
be Convention to mar its harmony or<
nder, in anyt way, the results to the
ause of the Constitution, the Union andt
ublic liberty which shall follow from its
eliberations and its action, I hereby
~ithdraw froma the Ohio Demnocratic
elegation, and decline taking my seat
n the Convention. I am profoundly
onscious that the sanctity and muagni
ude and the interests involved in the:
resent political canvass in the United
states are too immense not to demand a
acriice of every personal consideration
n a struggie upon the issues of which
lepends, as I solemnly believe, the pre
ent peace, and ull;imately the existence
>fa free Republican Gxovernmnent on this
otnent. In conlCusion, I trust the<
roceedinIgs will be harmonious, the
etion wis~e, and that the results w ill bei
roned .xith t: iumph."'
The follo" ing despatch wvas received
romr the President:
['o Hlon. 0. HI. Bro >ning and lHon. A. W.<
Randail, Con vent ion, Ph iladeclp ia ;
I thank you for you cheeringr and en
ouragring de.s at ch. The liager of Provi
ence is unerring and will gunide youv
afely thronii. Th.je people mus!~t be
ru stedVlu I tIi'o co unitr will be restored.
y faith is un .uhken as to the ul t imate
uccess.
(Signed) ANDREW JOHNSON.
The Conven; ion adIjourn:ed until to-1
rnrro * at 1 clck,d when tiie Cominrdttee
on Resolutionis wvill report. Senator
owan is Chairman of the Committee on
esol uti ons.
PmjILADE.PUIA, AUgust 16--The Con
en~tion met at 10) o'clock. The wigwamn
ras cron ded to its utmoslut capacity~
af of the audience being ladies.
Senator Cowan, from the Committee
:n Resolutions and Addresses, presented
t declaration of principles, which was
unanimously and enthtisiastisally adopted.
It declares that the war just closed has
maintained the authority of the Consti
tution, and has preserved the Union,
with the equal rights, dignity and au
thority of all the States perfect and un
impaired. That representation in Con
'ress and in the Electoral Colleges is a
right abiding in, and a duty imposed
upon every State, and that neither Con
;ress nor. the General Government has
2ny authority or power to deny the right
to any State; that. Congress has no
power over the elective, franchise,
but that right belongs exclusively to
each State ; that no State has the right
to withdraw from the Union ; that, on all
onstitutional amendments, all the States
bave an equal right to vote_; that slavery
s abolished anr forever prohibited ; that
the national debt is sacred and inviolable;
nd the Confederate debt invalid ; recog
.izes the services of the Federal soldiers
ind sailors, an i the debt due by the
mation to them and their widows and
>rphans ; and endorses President Johnson
'or his steadfat 'devotion to the Constitu
.ion, laws and interests of the country.
lie address was prepared by Raymond,
>fNew York, was read by thatgentleman,
xnd unanimously adopted.
The National Committees, Execu
;.ve and Financial, were then announced.
Senator Doolittle said, in his opening
iddress: It was the first National Con
ention in six years, and, in the interim,
,ere had been bloody agony and tears;
mUe brothers had fallen and our resourses
>een wasted on a thousand battle-fields;
>ut, thank God, the assuranceshere tell
as peace. has come at last. If the people
)f the whole country could see the fra
.eral feeling here, there would be no
uruggle at the polls this fall ; [great ap
)lause ;] but, as a whole people cannot
)e here, to witness what is transpiriiig,
he greater work rests on us; from this
ine until the election of the next Con
ress, we shouid be untiring in our
foirts to see that the next Congress, if
his one shall continue to refuse this
acred right of re,presentation to the
qual States, stiall recognize them. [Ap
)ause.] When that is done, the Union
s restored, and when the Union is re
tored, we shall be prepared to. enter
ipon a higher and nobler career among
he nations of the earth than has ever
et been occupied by any Government
pon which the sun of heaven ever
hone. [App)lause.] ognzdb h
The Convention was ognzdb h
-ection of J. Ri. Doohttle as President.
tong the Vice-Presidents arc J. WV.
3rockebrough, of Virginia: John A.
ilmer. of North Carolna; Judge
Ar(ian, of Sou th Carolina ; Richard
3. L ons, of Georgia ; Judge Randall, of
~loidla ; Cuth berth BuileLt, of Louisiana ;
iM. Tibbetts, of Arkansas; D.. J. Bur
ett, of Texas; George LI. Houston, of
iabama ; Thomas A. R. Nelson, of Ten-.
essee. Edgar Cowan of Pennsylvania,
s Chairman of the Committee on Reso
utons. In this committee, are Geni.
ouch ; Senator Dixon, of Connecticut ;~
~amond, of New York ; Bigler, of
ennsylvania ; Reverd' Johnsou, of
karland ;Graham, of North Carolina ;
Jornor Perry, of South Carolina; C.
3. Kngdon, of Alatama ; Wmn. Younger,
if Mississippi ; John R'iy, of Louisiana-;
JcDougal, of California, and others.
2 P. M.-The Convention adopted a
leclaration of principles and adjourned,
ine die. There will be an address issued
o the people of the United States.
DErrh FIO AL oVERI A MIELON
IIN.-WXe clip the following from the
orfolk Old Dominion:
"Yesterday morning, at about 8 A. M.,
Irs. Elizabe~th Young, a lady of some 60
rears of age, while on the sidewalk in
ront of the dry goods establishment of
Jessrs. Seldner, Wertheimer & Co.,
~teped on a musk melon rind, which
;lip'ping, caused her to fall. she was
nmmediatelv lifted, and taken to the
>ack room of tihe store mentioned and a
>hysician called in. Dr. James D. Galt
:arne immediatel'-, but found the lady in
morbund condition. .It is supposed
at she fell on her head and side, and
hat concuissionl of the brain ensued.
ovulsions followed her fall to the
iaver.t, and she (died in a comatose
We publish the above as a solemn
varnino to vevsons in this city who are
n the l1nbit'-of throwing melon rinds and
~eeds upon the sidewalks. It is exceed
ngly daingerouls, and should be made a
ishable offence
WORTH l'NowNG--A poison of any
~oncivable description and degree of po
eney, which has been swallo" ed, inten
ionall- or by accident, may be rendered
dost instanti!v harmleSS by swallowing
wo gills of swseet cil. An individual
vith a "erv7 strong constitution should
ake tw~ ice'the quantity. This oil will
eoutralize every form of vegetable or
nineral noison~ with which physielans
n chmniists are acquainted.-Linch
Geo. D. Prentice's Personal Beauty.
The editors of the Journal and the
Courier at Louisville are constantly
'-chaffing" each other about their good
looks. The last lick is struck by the
Courier man, who tells the following
story on Prentice:
The Journal is very fond of dispara
ging our really handsome face. An
incident in the life of our neighbor is
revived in our memory by his persistent
and frequent paragraphs on ugliness.
Our readers will remember that several
years ago our neighbor tried his hand
at lecturing. On one occasion, at an
inland city of Ohio, his fame as a wit
and poet-a fame, by the way, honest
ly won and gracefully won-attracted a
very large crowd. Some repairing go
ing on in the pit of the theater he was
to lecture in made it necessary to lav a
temporary flooring over the pit. This
flooring was rather a frail structure,
and was densely crowded. In about
the middle of our neighbor's lecture
the treacherous planks gave way, pre
cipitating fully one-third of the audi
ence into the unknown regions below,
This unlooked-for accident caused the
greatest consternation among the audi
ence, many believing that the house
was falling in upon them. Ladies
fainted, and all rushed foi- the door.
The news that 's theater had fallen,
and killled and wounded the Lord knows
how many people, spread through the
city like wildfire. The sisters of mercv,
ever first where good is to be done,
were quickly on the spot, alleviating the
sufferings of the few who were hurt.
Our neigh r, in passing cut of the
door, was es ied by one of the sisters,
who hastened to him with lint and
bandages tnd soothing lotions in her
hand an'd loving charity in her heart.
"Stop a moment, my. poor man," she
said, "and I will endeavor to ease your
pain somewhat." "But, my dear ma
dam," persisted our neighbor, ."I have
no need of assistance, I am not in the
least hurt." She looked in his face in
tently for a moment, as though hesi
tating whether to. believe him or not.
But the gas-light shining full upon his
.countenance showed her that "there
was neither bruise, cut, nor abrasure."
"I beg a thousand pardons, sir," she
said, apologetically, "I thought your
face was terribly mashed up, but I now
see it is natural malformation" and the
good and innocent creature tripped off
to hunt up some one who 'vas indebted
to accident and not nature, for his mis
fortunes.
A CHILD's THoUGHTs.-During the war
one of the most respectable families in
Charleston was blest by Heaven with
the gift of a very fine son, and, in honor
of the gallant Southron, then command
ing in 'that Depar tment, he was chris
tenid Beauregard. When the days of
little-Beaurie begani to be numbered by
the months, he became the centre of at
traction and the loved object of observa
tion, with those in whose way he chanced
to be carried-so lively, frie~ndly, and af
fectionate was he.
When the chubby little fellow first
learned to lisp his mother tongue, he did
not talk,as children generally do. On
the contrary, he conversed y ith great
ease and good sense-almost s.lways ad
vancing some really original, ideas. In
the revolution of time came that most
doleful of all nights-the one which wit
nessed the evacuation of the city by ethe
Confederates, and its occupation by the
Federals. Thbe night preceding the one
on which it was supposed the city would
come under the perfect control- of those
who had so long and unsuccessfully laid
siege to it, the child, concerning whom
we write, awoke, and calling to his
mother, said:
"Mother, my name is Beauregard no
longer. Don't call me by that name
now..'
"Why, my darling, why not call you
Beauregard ?" queried the mother.
*"Because, mamma, Sherman will be in
the city to-:morrow, and if you call me
Beauregard he will think I am the Gen
eral, and will hang me," responded the
little innocent.
The mother's bi-ightest jewel was not
long called at all ; for Beaurie' s name
was, a month after the incident above
related -occurred, enrolled among those
who had takeu leave of this transitory
scene for one where all is an unchanging
reality.
An amusing spectacle was recently
witnessed at Long Branch. There were
1100 guests at the Continental, and 'all
the rooms being filled, the proprietor
spread aboi.t fifty beds gnd-iammocks in
the dining hall. About midnight the
occupants each having a sheet wrapped
around him, filed out in solemn procession,
first to the bar for a drink, and thence
into the yard and elsewhere.. The ap
pearance of this special file of speechless
beings attracted much attention, causing
a general "wake up" all over the place,
and occasioning much merriment.
A n ndablehi ne-a carh-nnele.
Interesting to Freedmea. -
We fiud the following letter from the
Fenian Secretary of the American Colo- -
nization Society published in our Georgia
exchanges. In connection with it, we
copy the following comments of the Au=
gusta Chronicle and Sentinel:
Many of the colored people are in
spired with a laudable ambition to rise
in the social scale above the general dg.
radatior of their race. It is very evident
that, no matter how many civil fighta
bills and declarations of equality cumber
our statute books, the white race is bound .
to be the governing class.. It is so in
New England, where most of the pesti. .
lent champions of equality originate, and
it has been so from the time Noah en
tered the ark, wherever the white and
black races come in contact. It is. not
strange, therefore, that-the colored peo-'
ple, who wish to have a fair and open
field in the race of advancement, should
seek the land of the black man, where
all the avenues of advancement are open,i o
and where there can be no jostling of
races. The history of Liberian progress, .. *
it is, true, is not of the most cheering -
character. It is much fairer, however -
than the history of those localitie,s where -
the colored people have sought political
power in connection with the white race.
The only place in history where the
colored man, as a race, has made pro
gress in the scale of civilization, has bedn '
in the-condition ofservitude. 'The voite f
of civilization and philanthropy (so-called)
have torn him from that *congenial ad.
happy sphere, and inspired him wit'..'
restless longings for a condition of equal- rf
ty which is incompatible with the-struc
ture of our society-abhorrent to reason
and repugnant to nature. It is~ better,
therefore, tbat those who aspire to rise.
above a condition of dependence,- shottd. ,
be colonized and removed from the dis
turbing influences which attend their -
present condition. It is for these rea
sons that we commend the circulir f .
the Colonization Society to the attention '. i
of ail.freedmen who have imbibed .the
teachings of equality which have obtained
such mischievous currency among them R
Coio:czAixoN Rooxs,
WASHINGTON, D. G., Auf'6, 1866.
Mr DBAR SIR : In your paper of a late
date, you mention that many of the
co*)red people in your State are agita
ting the question of going to Liberia'atd 4
you want to know where are the agents -
of the Colonization' Society. ' It is truet ,'
we have no agent at present, in your:
State, but we have not been idle. We>,
have written to many, and brave sent .t,
copies of the African Reposity and of , "
our last annual report anid of various
tracts and short articles to thousands in
your State. We have had many letters
from persons-in Macon and in Sparta}4
and we have promised to have a ship ;
ready at Savannah the 1st November, to'
take.one hundred people from each place~.
and about fifty to seirenty-five from New.
berry District, South Carb1ina, and we' '
promise them a free passage to .Liberi I
and six months support there. 'And w~
are prepared to promise the same to~ s
many worthy people as will be ready to
sail by the 1st of May, 186T.
We shall be happy, to have you State
these facts in your paper, and say to any'
one -who want to go this fall 'or nkext~
spring, that if they will inform. us, we
will afford them all information and every
facility in our power.
I send you herewith specimens of the ,.
tracts we are circulating among the-~
colored people. You may find in themi
material for a paragraph tbat may dg
good.
We will send you the Repository reg-'
ularly, if you desire it, that you may see'
waisgoing on in this clime.
. W. McLAMN,
Financial Secretary A. .
A SOUrH CARoLINA SoLIE.-The Cor- -
responding Secretary of the Hollywood
Cemetery writes the follow ing note, which.
we find in the Winnsboro News, and,
publish it as .information:
"DEAR SI: I have had reported to
me, as an officer of the Hollywood Mem.
Association, the name of J. E. EHarIey,
or Harlie, Co. 0, 1st S. C. V., killed Maf <
26, 1864-buried in the yard of Mrs.
Buff; at Hanover Junction, Va. Ceptral~.
Railroad. Please advertise the fact, as -';~<~
friends may wish t'o know.".
An exchange savs that when a piece of
iron is thrown inth a trough where chick
ens drink water, they are not affected
with chicken cholera. A gentleman who
has tried it says 'that his chickens are
thriving, while those' of his neighbors
are dying daily. As the chicken cholera
is raging to some extent throughout -the
country, it might be well to try it. Iron
will not hurt fowls, and a trial of it.
might be beneficial.
MORE REvIvALS.-We are indeed grati'
fled by the intelligence that the spirit of
inquiry is spreading among the churches.
The Methodist churches of Waterloo and
Tabernacle have been thus blessed. The
rain has began to fall; may it gather'
more strength each day, until the whole
ine-yardi r the Lord is watered.

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