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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, September 19, 1866, Image 1

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VOL II. WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1866.10.3
THE HERALD
Is PUBLISHED
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry C. IL,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GREE1ER,
TERMS, $3 PER ANNUM, IN CURRENCY,
OR PROVISIONS.
Payment required invariably in advance.
Advertisements inserted at $1 per square, for
8rst insertion, and 75 cts. each subsequent inser
on.
Marriage notices, Funeral Invitationa, Obitu
ries, and Communications subserving private
interests, are charged as advertisements.
Special and Legal Notices, 81 per square each
Insertion.
The Recent Trip of the Little Ship
"Red, White and Blue."
The trip of the Lilliput vessel is an
affair of not inconsiderable importance.
It may fairly and contrastively comple
'ment the passages of the Great Eastern.
One is so large as to have been at first
esteemed unmanageable; the other is so
small as to have been from the start de
clared not to be able to live in any rough
sea. Success has dispelled the scepticism
and apprehension that each gave rise to.
The first is massivity made nautically
available; the second is dwarfish symmetry
rendered demonstratedly seaworthy. The
one depends upon power and bigness, the
other on stanch minuteness and agility.
The one is propelled by five monstrous
engines and thirty-two sails of extraor
dinary extent; the latter flies by the
wind, has no steam, and stretches out
but sixteen airy, tiny wings, that woo
the breezes, and are the whole motive
power.
Ru, WurrE AND BLUE -2j tonage ;
23 feet length ; 51 breadth ; 11 depth.;
length of principal saloon, 5j feet ; sto
rage capacity, 1,250 lbs.; power of pro
pulsion, 2 small children ; diameter of
masts, 21 inches; draft of water, 15
inches; ordinary accommodations, 2 men
(or 1 woman) and a small dog ; greatest
accommodations, 3 men (1+ women) and
a moderate dog ; highest i ate of speed,
10 knots; first passage, 38 days ; erew,
2 men and 1 dog ; total cost, $1,000;
height of saloon. 18 inches; width of
cable, finch; weight of anchor, 25 lbs.
In the recent fair of the American In
stitute in NPw York a grld medal was
awarded to 0. R. Ingersoll, Esq., for his
improved metalic life-boat, now in such
geneal use. The boat that took that
prize passed up the Thames two daysago
-amiid the wonder and cheers of thousands
,of John Bulls, who, when they sent us
-over their big ship, i:ever thought we
would send them in return the smallest
-craft that ever lived in a sea. Early last
spring, Mr. Ingersoll was waited on by
a little, natty sort of man, five feet two
in his boots, with light sandy hair, red
whiskers, open features, and an eye that
llooked right straight ahead from its
<depths of deep blue. He said : "I want
to rig that boat into a full three-masted
ship, go over in her to Europe, and enter
her for the Paris Exposition. If I fail, I
fail ; if I don't, P11 make my fortune. I
know what I'm about, so does another
man I'll take with me. We've been
wrecked three times, and don't believe
we were born to be drowned. Besides
a life-boat isn't a life-boat, that can't
cross the ocean. Will you let me have
her ?" "Yes" sealed the bargain. The
boat, already air and water tight, was
furnished with three masts, sixteen feet
high ; a full set of sails, amounting to
sixty-five yards of canvas in all; was
cargoed with enough for two men for
eighty days, including the rations of a
poodle dog, that was to be taken for
company, and to be used as a mop now
and then to clean decks. The bold men,
whom all thought fools, and whom success
has shown as skillful as adventurous, are
'Captain John N. Hudson and Captain
Francis Edward Fitch, both of whom
"ran away to sea" in youth, and were
.cuffed up from cabin boys to commandlers
by rapid progression, the one being 42,
the other 28 years of age. We described
in The World their departure on July 9,
and can never forget the anguish with
which friends and kin bade them good
bye, as they cheerily cut loose from us
beyond the light ship. Till the log of
that memorable voyage is published it
will be difficult to know the vicissitudes
and the adventures through which they
passed in their thirty-eight days of soli
tariness. Alone ; thousands of miles
from land, the port of destination thou
sands of miles yet distant, in the midst
of the ocean, that might suddenly break
over them in mountainous fury, in what
was scarcely larger than, and exactly the
shape of a tray, the like of which had
never ventured to sea before ; stigmatized
as fools by all who mourned what they
believed to be their certain self-destruc
tion ; their life bound up in their boat; ;
given barely any sleep, and compelled to
constant watching ; these two men have
finally safely reached the other side, and
are beginning to receive the acknowledg
ments of their courage, of their seaman
ahip, as well as of their tireless vigils and
unequalled nautical intrepidity. How
well they must have come to know each
other! How peril anr1 hope must have'
bound them together ! What finer chance
was ever offered to bring out all the
personal faculties and foibles of human
nature, and to rivet two men in a Damon
and Pythias devotion ? Y Iving with your
wife in an isolated light-house is nothing
to it.
From London to NewYork is, in round
terms, 3,500 miles, and the thirty-eight
days of their passage would rate their
daily going at 92 3.19 miles, or some 3
9-10 miles on an average every hour.
This appears slow. Remember, however,
the changes and chances of weather, and
that as a purely sailing-ship, the Red,
White and Blue was exposed to them all,
and the calms and adverse winds, and
their progress is much faster than most
sailing ships of 1,500 tons, and even 2,500
tons burden, which seldom are not less
than forty-five and often than sixty days
en route.
The Red, White and Blue is a full
rigged ship, as much so essentially as
the Warrior and the Niagara. She was
conducted as a ship,notas either schooner,
brig, or sloop, which would have been
less difficult and dangerous, but also less
creditable and wonderful in the grand
working. Passengers need have small
fear to commit themselves to life-boats in
mid-ocean when compelled to leave the
ship. There has been made in this life
boat no changes from all others of the
same build, except such alterations as
were entirely external, and a simple
sharpening of the stern, to the acuteness
of the keel, so as to bring the vessel with
in the requirements of the "cigar" ship
plan. This vessel has safely weathered
very rough seas, because the Great East
ern that was shuffling off the immortal
coil at the same time, circumstantiaily
reports an extremely severe passage.
While this increased the danger and
difficulty of the voyagers, and the appre
hension of those of us that vividly re
membered their situation, it is a tribute
to the- men and the vessel, which, now
that their safety and reputation are as
sured, will be referred to with pride,
where it was but recently spoken of with
anxiety.
'iel p--Rellef---Immigration."
The press of matter that has been laying
over for several days prevents us from
publishing a communication entitled as
above, from "J. W. J.," whose letter on
the same subject we published several
days ago. We will do him thejustice to
state his poin ts, but have little room to
iscuss them now. He thinks it impo
litic to invite to the ballot box those from
the North or from Europe who would
not recognize the distinctions of the two
races.
We have no fears that immigrants
from the North or from Europe will fail
to recognize a distinction of the races, or
that there will be enough of the agrarian
radical tribe introduced to make any
present impression on our social policy.
Our observation of Northern people who
settle in this country is, that they readi
ly assimilate to our customs and feelings.
T'he late war has vindicated their fidelity
to the institution of their adopted coun
try. If we were to-day called on to se
lect the most violent haters of radicalism
in the South, we would choose those
born at the North, who have become
permanent residents here. So, too, the
records of our army show the valor of,
our foreign population, while their quiet
and industrious demeanor since the war,
attest their value as citizens.
He also thinks that subsistence can
not be made on our worn out lands for
any great increase of population. He
urges that the indebtedness of the people
is so great as to require more than the
lands would sell for, to liquidate it, and
that it is no time to bring in an incon
gruous population.
It is because of this very indebtedness
that we urge immigration. Very many
of the landholders will be obliged, sooner!
or later, to part with a portion of their
estates, either from debt or from inabil
ity to work large farms successfully. It
is that we may have a market for these
lands that we invite immigration. Show
to the thrifty laborers of Central Europe,
or Central Vermont, if you please, that
immigration is invited, and that cheap
lands may be had in Georgia, where two
crops a year can be made-where rail
roads afford outlets to market-where
everything is at hand to attain the very
highest conditions of agricultural thrift,
and in a short time such a tide of people,
and of money will be directed this way,
as will lift our farmers out of the Slough
of Despond into which the war sunk
them.
It is noi proposed to introduce pauper
immigrants. We do not favor the sys
tem already pursued, to a limited extent,
of bringing out men to work by the
month. They are not the best suited to
our wants. We need men with families,
and some means, to whom we may lease
or sell our surplus lands.
Our correspondent looks with horror
upon the idea of being forced to live on
fifty acres-the amount exempt by law
from levy and sale. He would be sur
np-ised to ee the amount of olid comfort
and thrift attained in Europe, and in
portions of this country, from less than
half that area-and in lands not naturally
half as good as the old red hills of middle
Georgia.
We do not expect, and certainly do
not desire to see the planters of this coun
try reduced to the ownership of only fifty
acres.
But it would be cheering to see such a
system adopted as will secure a different
mode of culture, from our old "slip-shod"
skimming process, by which a temporary
gain has been secured at the expense of
future generations. The land murderer
ought not to go unpunished. Tne only
punishment we would inflict upon him,
is that he shall quit his outrages on the
virgin soil; shall cease playing dog in the
manger; and if he will not till his lands
himgelf, sell them or lease them to some
body who will do it.
Our correspondent urges that it is not
immigration, but legislation, that is need
ed to stay the work of desolation and
ruin that are sweeping over the land.
We certainly need legislation suited to
the new political and social relations
which surround us; and we doubt not
that the Legislature, at its coming session
will do all that is just to protect the peo
ple against the ruinous exactions of old
creditors. At the same time, the rights
of credit 1nay not justly be ignored.
Our s e forbids furtber allusion to
this subject at present.-Chron. & Sent'l
FoUR CONFEDERATES COME IN AND SUR
RENDER.-The Petersburg Index of a re
cent date, says the serenity of the officer
of this post was agitated on yesterday,
by the apparition of four Confederate
soldiers, who gave the names and "de
scriptive lists" as follows:
Anthony Mon'kas, Co. E, 52d Georgia
Infantry, 3d Army Corps, A. N. V.
Thomas Wells, ditto.
James Brinberter, ditto.
Allen Tewksberry, 43d Louisiana, ditto.
A more ragged set of mortals had nev
er appeared before the Colonel during
all the dealings he has ever had with the
"ragged rebels" of Lee's army. Tewks
berry was a sort of walking illustration
of original patchwork. His clothing had
been tied, and sewed, and stuck together
with string, and thread, and thorns, un
til there did not appear a solitary square
inch upon it which had-not been tied .p,
sewed up, or stuck up, in some way or
other. His companions were not quite
as badly off, one having a pair of blue
Yankee pantaloons, with only a half a
dozen renats in it; another biding the
raggedncss of his grey pants wit~h a flow
ing, though ribbonry, Yankee overcoat,
End the other making his decency appa
rent by concealing the defects of his up
per garments with an old oil-cloth fly,
awfully bedaubed with mud.
Tewksberry stated to the Colonel that
he and his party stopped on the Appo
mattox, about seven miles above the
city, after the evacuation of Petersburg,
for the purpose, at first, of resting; that
they stayed longer than they expected,
and were cut ~off. They th3en made a
vow to live on that spot, and never go
home or give up until the Confederacy
was completely annihillated. They
sought out a cave on the banks of the
river, which, at that point, is very rocky,
and, after some little industry, succeeded
in erecting for themselves a most com
fortable little home. Here they lived
upon fish and game and occasional roast
ing ears during all last summer, and up
on bread made of corn they had gathered.
from the corn fields, and an occasional
pig they found without a mother, in
their rambles during the winter. This
sprirg arnd summer they lived as they
did last summer, but recently, hearing
from an old negro man that the Confed
eracy had undoubtedly "gone up," they
concluded to quit the barbarian life and
surrender. They marched to the city
yesterhy morning, with their muskets
and accoutrements, stacked arms in front
of head-quarters, sent in word that they
were the remnant of the army of
Northern Virginia, and that they wished
to surrender upon the conditions accord
ed to the main body. Col. Milton cor
dially assented to their request, gave
them transportation to their homes, and
bade them adieu.
The illustrious four roamed about town
for a short time, had new suits of clothing
given them, and, after being made about
half drunk, embarked on the Southern
train for their homes.
Over th o epueo Debtor,"
we find the following in the Edgefield Ad
vertiser : "Mr. Thomas Lewis, living on
Mountain Creek, in Edgefield District,
held a note upon myself for eighteen
hundred dollars, I went to him and told
him that my property if it could be sold
for former prices, would pay my entire
indebtedness; bot if pressed into market
now by the Sheriff, might not pay fifty
cents in the dollar. Mr. Lewis took the
note and endorsed upon it "the within
note may be discharged by paying one
third part of the principal and interest,
one-half of that to be paid next winter,
the other half of that third twelve months
A GREAT SHOWER OF METEOBS EXPECT
ED.-Next in grandeur and- sublimity to
a total solar eclipse, or a great comet
stretched athwart the starry heavens, is
the great meteoric shower, such as was
witnessed here in November, 1883. On
this occasion, from two o'clock till broad
daylight, the sky being perfectly serene
and cloudless, the whole heavens were
lighted with a magnificent and imposing
display of celestial fireworks, Arago
computes that no less than two hundred
and forty thousand meteors were visible
above the horizon of Boston on the
morning of the 13th of November, 1888.
This display was seen all over North
America. A similar display was seen by
Humboldt, at Cumana, South America,
in 1792. A comparison of the epochs
of the appearance of these great showers
has led to the discovery that they are
periodic; their returns being separated
from each other by a third part of a cen
tury, or some multiple of this period,
and are periodical appearances of one
grand meteoric shower. Professor New
ton, of Yale College, who has devoted
much time to the investigation of the
periodic character-of these showers, finds
that a prodigious flight of meteors, the
most imposing of its kind, will make its
appearance, probably for the last time in
this century, on the morning of the 13th
or 14th of November next. Only thirteen
of these great showers are recorded be
tween the years 903 and 1833. Such a
rare phenomenon awakens a deep inter
est among all classes of persons, Prepa
rations to observe this sublime spectacle,
for scientific purposes, have already com
menced in Europe. Let no one forget
Tuesday and Wednesday nights, Novem
ber 13 and 14.-Boston Commercial.
WHAT IS TO BE DONE ?-The failure of
the grain crop of the State has produced
a degree of despondency heretofore un
known to our people. The cotton crop
is also a partial failure. The upland of
this District will not yield more than a
third of a grain crop. The prospect on
the bottom lands is better.
As a general thing, it is bad policy for
the people to look to the State for aid in
every emergency ; nevertbeless, at a time
like the present, when the country is
bare of means, we naturally look some
where for help. The State, with its
meais and influence, could, we doubt not,
purch.se corn and retail it in every Dis
trict in the State for about one dollar per
busbel. The Legislature will doubtless
afford whatever relief may be within its
power.
Pauperism will increase. The Corn
missioners of the Poor should, therefore,
provide in time for the increase of pau
pers. A large number will have to be
cared for at the "poor house" or else
where throughout the District.
Grain may be obtained, in any quan
tity, in the markets of the country.
Merchants and others, who have the
means, should supply themselves from
these sources, and leave the market at
home for those who are unable to pur
chase abroad.
In time of public distress, like the
present, surely railroad companies will
reduce their freight, and thereby enable
the people to live on the scanty means
still within their control.-Keowee Cou
rier.
THE BLUE RIDGE RAIL ROAD COMrANY.
-At a meeting of the Board of Directors
of the Blue Ridge Rail Road Company,
held recently at Charleston, the following
resolutions w ere adopted:
"Resolved, That the President be au
thorized to give to M. C. M. McGhee, of
Knoxville, Tennessee, a proxy to repre
sent this Company at a meeting of the
Stockholders in the Tennessee River Rail
Road, to be held for the purpose of elect
ing a President and Board of Directors
for that Company.
Resolved, That the President express
the anxiety of this G3ompany, to proceed
with the construction of the Blue Ridge
Rail Road, as early as practicable, and
their desire to avail themselves of such
additional aid as may be procured from
the Legislature of Tennessee, to carry on
the Tennessee portion of it.
Resolved, That the President be au
thorized to apply to the Legislature for
power to deal with the Shares held by the
State in this Company, in the same man
ner as with the Shares of all other Stock
holders, in any arrangement that may be
made, with any other Companies or in
dividual for the completion of the road.
That the power embrace the right to issue
preferred Shares to reduce the Shares held
b>y the State in the ratio, in which the
city of Charleston and other Stockholders
may consent that their Shares shall be
redeemed, or in any other manner in
which it may be found necessary to sur
render a portion of the capital already
invested, to accomplish the construction
of the rail road.
A German, in Savannah, arrested for
some offence, pleaded in defence katt
sheisduck aus den zweiten feuster geoges
sen. The judge, not being able to see it
All the /weCEno
In the Radical Convention in Philadeli
phia on Thursdaylatthe following scenes
occurred, which cannot fail to shock the
moral sense of every right-thinkmg man
in the country:
Mr. Hamilton, of Texas, read the dis
patch in yesterday's papers relating to
the President's visit to the Northwest.
on reading that part of Mr. Seward's.
speech, and inquiring whether the audiA
ence -desired Mr. Johnson for King or
President, loud cries of "Nary one" were -
heard from all parts of the Convention -
A Delegate.-lNO, sir; we'd see Andy
Johnson 365 degrees into hell, with Bill "
Seward and Montgomery Blair on top of
him, first.
Parson Brownlow gave utterance to
these disgusting remarks:
Some gentleman, not through any un
kind feeling toward me, but through a
mistaken appreciation of my motives,has
said that we were afraid of the negro
suffrage question and sought to dodge it.
Why, I should feel disgraced no* and
forever if I felt doubtful on any suject
of national concern. I never was claimed
on both sides of any question, and never -
intend. to be. While I am satisfied with
what has been done, I am the advocate of
negro suffrage and of impartial suffrage.
[Great applause, including "three cheers -
for Brownlow."} I would sooner be elect- -
ed to any office under heaven by loal ,
negroes than by disloyal white men. -
[Applause.] I would sooner associate in
private life with a loyal negro than a"ds
loyal white man. I would sooner- be
buried in a negro graveyard than .ita
rebel graveyard. [Applause.] If I hive
after death to go either to bell bf 'to
heaven, I shall prefer to go with ldal ne"
groes to hell than with traitors to heaven. '
ArAID Hs (MIoT BE D&..-Scene
at the counting room of a morning news-,
paper. Enter a man of Teutonic ten
dencies, considerable the worse for last
night's spree.
Teuton-(To the man at the desk)- -
"If you blease, sir, I vants de paper mit
dis mornings. One vot hash de nsmes
of de beebles vot kills cholera all de vile."
He was handed a paper, and after
looking it over in a confused way, he
said:
.'Will you pe so goot as to read de
names what don't have de cholera any
more too soon shust now, and see if -
Carl Geinsenkoopenoffen hash got em 1"
The clerk very obligingly ifad th ,
list, the Teuton listening with ti'emblng '
attention, wiping the perspiration from
his brow meanwhile, in great excitement.
When the list was completed, the name.
of Carl Geinsen-, well, no matter
about the whole name, it wasn't there.
The Teuton's face brightened up, and he
exclaimed:
"You don't find 'em?"
Clerk-"No such name there, sir."
Teuton-(Seizing him warmly by the
hand)-This ish nice-this is some tans
that ish my own name. I pin drunk
ash never vas, and, py dam, I vas fraid -
I vas gone ted mit cholera, and didn't
know it. Mne Cot!t vas scart."
Smt CaRISTOrHKR WREN's, MALLET.
At a late general meeting of London and
Middlesex Archm~ogical Society, thd ori -
ginal mallet with which it is said King ,(
Charles II. laid the first stone in St.
Paul's, was exhibited. By the kindfless 1
C. J. Shoppee, Esq., the Hon. 8ecretgry,
I have been furnished with.a copy of the -
inscription, which Is dn a gIlvef- plats let
into the head. It is its follows, and I
believe will be inteiaging to many
readers of "Notes and Queries": "By ..
order of the M. W., the Grand Master, ->,
his Royal Highness the Duke of. Sussex,
&c., and W. Master of the Lodge of '~
Antiquity, and with the concurrence of .
the lodge, this plate has been engraved ,
and affixed to this mallet, A. L. 5831, -.
A. D. 1828, to commemorate that this -
being the same mallet, with which his -
Majesty, King Charles the II., leveled* j
the foundation-stone of St. Paul's Cathe-.
dral, A. L. 56771, A. D. 1673, was pre- '<.
sented to the old Lodge of St. Paul's,'now . .
the Lodge of Antiquity, acting by im
memorial constitution, by Bro. Sir
Christopher Wren, R. W. Deputy Grand~
Master, Worshipful Master of lodge and
arhitect of that edifice.-London Free
masons Magazine.
A REcoMMEDATION.-The PickenA (S.
C.) Courier of the 1st inst., in view of
failure of the present grain crop, which
it says, when the crop is gathered. will
not be sufficient to feed man and beast
until another crop is made, suggests
that the mules and horses not necessary
for plantation use, be driven to Tennessee
and Kentucky. There you will find fine
pastures-grain abundant and cheap
and all the labor necessary for the care
and attention of stock. The stock can
be returned in the spring by work time,
in good condition; which is half the
battle in making a crop.
The suggestion may be a good one, for
(says the Courier,) it was practiced be
fore the war to some extent, and worked
well. Then it was a question of economy
now, it is ne of n.eessty.

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