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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, October 17, 1866, Image 1

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VOL IL
. El
WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 17, 1866
THE HERALD
is rar.ria
RYERY WY DNESDAY MOI;NING,
At 1(ewberry C. I.,
Ey TsEOh1. a B. K: GRENRE,
"TtR , It PEB AR , IN CUR NCY,
OE TOVIsIONS.
ia arsably ta advane.
irr e Invations, ObitD
+lrkes, ad sabtrvin private
Fs . adverti.nents.
AN ACTwm:DzC6z B2R RIowTS oF PER
soft w 4a S1Avs A3D AS
Ft ottt Coo.
1 Be it enieted by the Senate and
louse of Representatives, now met and
sittieg&i eperal Assembly, and by the
aathoitybf tbe same, That all persons
hitherto known in law in this State as
slaves, or as free persons of color, shall
have the_right to make and enforce con
tracts, oasne, be sned, to be afiants, and
give evidence, to inherit, to purchase,
eeas,-selt, vey and assign real
and persenal4pre ty, make wills and
testaments, d have fill and equal
benefit of the rights of personal security,
personal:liberty and private property, and
of all remeuies and proceedings for the
eei ceentind protection of the same,
as white persons now have, and shall not
be subjected to any other or different
punishmest, pain or penalty for the coin
mi as ofa*ny act or offence than such
as are prescribed for white persons com
miting like sets or offences.
I.'That all Acts and parts of Acts
specially relating to persons lately slaves
and free persons of color contrary to the
provisions of this Act, or inconsistent
with an of its provisions, be, and the
same are hereby, repealed: Provided,
That nothing herein contained shall be
constrUed to repeal so much of the eighth i
sction of ar &t entitled "An Act to
sstablish and regulate the domestic re-!
lations of persons of color and to amend
the la-,in-elation to paupers and va
," ratifed the twenty-first day of
taber, 1* e year of our Lord one
tbus. aneight hundre4 and sixty-five,
sa esct*-that;"marriage between a white
per owand a person of color shall be
ilegal and void." .
i the Sehate House, the twenty-first
dy of $eptember, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and
si -six.
. D;PORTER, President of the
. -- SMONTON, Speaker House of
presentativesb
AN? ACT yo amas w o ioaa REDEMPTION
I. Be it enacted by the Senate and
Houswor Representatives, now met and:
sitting in General Assembly, and by the
authority of the same, That the faith and
funds of the etate be, and the same are
hreby, pled5ged for the ultimnate redemp
tion otall such Bills Receivable as hatve
atready ormnay hereafter be issu~ed under
the provision of an Act entitled "An Act
to provide for he issue of Bills Receivable
in payment of.indebtedness to the State,
to the amenat of lie hundred thousand
dollars," rstified the twenty-first '.y of
.December/ Anno Domino, one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-five.I
H. That the Treasurer be, and he is
ereby; authorized and required to re-.
eem the said Bill Recei'vble, which have
Iready or hereafter may be issued under
provisions of said Act, by exchanging
all suech bills as may be presented at
the office of the Treasurer for redempion
an equal amount of Treasury notes of
heUnited States, oir the notes of any'
ational7 Dank ; and for this purpose, he
s hereby authorized to use any funds in
thie Trearsury not otherwise appropriated.
In the Senate House, thie twentieth day
of Septenmber, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty
w:'D. PORTER, President of the
Senate.I
0.11..SLMONTON,Speakder House of
Representativyes.
Approved: JasL. Osa.
A Go SUGGWsnoN.-The Golumbus
Inquirer has been requested by a planter
sto make public the suggestion of a change
sia plantation custom, which he thinks
will be found advantageouls. It is that
p)aQtOrIabold make the yearly terms of
their . risutendenits (formerly called
orser)commence on the first of!
December instead of the first of January.
This change, ho says, would secure on
the plantations the presence of the super
intendentar overseers during the Christ
mas holidays, when most of the negroes
are apt to be absent, and some of them
out on plundering expeditions. It would,
moreover, enable the superintendents to
acquaint themselves with the arrange
mnent of the plantations and the capaciiies
and dispositions of tha laborers before,
the Birst of January ; and thus informed,
they could commence more understand
ingly toe work of the new year. We
~xa~ote sugeso to th conisidera
Mietest.I
Farm Work for October.
Cotton picking must now he pushed
forward steadily with all your available
force until the entire crop is secured
The negroes are not going t: do nuch at
picking when the weather becomes cold
and incletuent ; therefore, beware of the
heavy fall rains, and get all the lint into
the Gin House in dry, bright weather.
Then gin, press and bale in the best man
ner, and send to market while the roads
are in good condition. Save your best
cotton seed carefully, what you do not
need for the future crop, you will for
manure. Protect all from the weather
which will destroy half its value even for
the manure heap.
Corn sh uld nr w be gathered, and put
away in airy, rat-proof, and thief pro f
cribl, with tight, sound roofs. Save
your "Bread Corn" in the shuck, to
guard ag=ainst the ravages of the weevil.
Feed your working and fattening stock
gener usly and regularly, b it do not he
lavish or wasteful. You can save from
one-third to one-half of your corn, by
grinding it into coarse meal and sprnk
ling it over cut feed ; and, for fattening
hogs and other animals, there is a marked
economy in cooking the meal and feeding
in the form o' thick pors idge or "mush."
A plantation mill worked by horse
power will soon pay for itself in saving
toll, and in many instances'the grist could
be ground while hauling to"and from the
mill.
Cow Peas are very valuable for nilch
cows; and, if ground up with corn, equal
pa' ts, and fed to working stock, they
will increase the muscular powt r of the
animal greatly. They should be put up
in the pod to protect from the weevil.
Pack them away dry; one hundred
pounds in the hull will wake a bushel of
seed.
Sweet potatoes must be dug the latter
part of this month, or as soon as the
vinesare slightly wilted by the first frosts.
To determine when your potatoes are
fully ripe, dig several in different parts of
your field, break them, anrd if, wh.ri dry,
the fresh broken part is white, the potato
is ripe, and should he dug at once; but
if the broken part dries off dark, the roots
are not yet fit to be gathered in. It will
be safest, however, as a general rule, to
dig just as ion as vines are nipped a lit
tie by rast. I VV 'wA% Un4tt tt: F. an
kills the vines, it freezes and chills the
earth to such a depth that it causes many
of the potatoes to rot. Commence dig
ging at this point as early a- the 20th of
the month, anid earlier or later as you
are North or South. In saving your po
tatoes for the winter, make up your
"banks" on a dry place, where the water
cannot set tle, putting up 25 to 30 husbels
in each pile or banik. Reject all roots
that are cut or bruised in the least. It
is a good plan, after diggmng the potatoew,
anid sunining themr for a short time, to
put them jinto r,iles, cover them with
their own stalks or litter. and I-t them
go throuigh the "heating" process before
"banking" urp." The ban ks should be
protected by a shelter of plank% or hoards,
against the he vy rains of winter. If the
Potatoes are allowed to go through the
"heating" before "hanking," it will not
be so necessary to leave any "chimney,"
or hole~ for ventilation, at the top of the
banrk-but all may be covered up at
once with dry pine straw, corn stalks
and a thick coating u'rearth.
If the vines are pulled as early as the
20th of the mmio th they can then be cured
like the pea vine, and it put up mrixed
with straw when partly cured will afiord
excellent food for stock.
Graw and Hav.-There are some kinds
of late na tive grass that may be wort h
gathering, to help out y'our winter sup
plies of long forage. If possible, cut all
such grass while in bkiom, and do not
allow it fully to ripen an'd dry up, or
your Hay will be of very lhttle value.
Late sown Peas for Hays, must be cutt
and cured hefore frost. Dry them one
or two davs carefully, handling as little
as possible ; then pack in rail pens, pass
ing rails or poles through from side to
side, to keep the layers of vines open and
separate, and admit air between them.
"Crab Grass" or "Crowfoot" may be
mixed with Pea Vines, partially cured,
then put up with good, sound wheat or
oat Straw, for riugh, w' inter forage. All
such rail-pens is we allude to, a .d all
fodder stacks, should~ be roofed or cov
ered over with hoards, or heavily thatched
w ith refuse straw or hay. Pindar Vines,
if carefully cured, make pretty good fod
der. All long and coarse forage should
be cut up before feeding.
Turnip seed may yet he sown, to make
greens ; and the regular crop of turnips
should be carefully worked, and the
ground kept open and mellow.
Winter Oats, Rye and Barley. Thesw
are the trute a inter grasses of the South,
and should have been put in last month,
but if not must be sown at once as the.
earlier they are son n the finer winter
pasturage will they produce. They will
oo very well on good fair soils, but to
succeed perfectly with them you must
plow deep, pulverize finely, and above
all, manure heavily. Small grain and
urame'wil not grow on badly propsred
and poor soil. This season is the scarci
iy of provisions these crops become spe
eidly important. A large Oat crop
should be put in so as to afford as early
Check as p(s.,ible next season to the
r'inotts draw upon our resources in pur
chasing corn f r stock.
Wheat. The same reasons should in
fluence us to rai-e large crops of Wheat.
Owing to c ur protractedsuwmerdroughts,
corn is always liable to make a taiLure as
in the past season. The earlier varieties
of a heat supply us with food early in
June. The crop can be put in now and
there will be no further trouble in plough.
ing or hoeing. At harvesttime it is safer
from negro thieves than most crops as
they are too lazy to steal anytbing they
would have to thrash. The wheat crop
is owe of the most suitable for receiving
the application of commercial manures.
Two hundred pounds of Peruvian guano
on fair land will generally secure twenty
bushels of wheat and be followed the
next summer with such a coating of
grass and weeds that when turned under,
the soil is considerably improved. Reese's
Pacific guano is a:so used largely in
Maryland upon this crop to w ich its
analysis shows it specially suitable. It
will be well tq follow Mr. Hull's practice
and thoroughly prepare and enrich with
domestic or commercial manures a few
acres for the wheat crop and sow clover
seed with the wheat and thus get seve
ral good crops from one seeding. If it
turns out well enlarge the crop another
year and then a Reaping and Mowing
Machine can be purchased which will re
lieve you somew hat from depending so
much on freedmen. If the seed is at all
foul wach and soak some hours in strong
brine, skimming off the .smut balls and
light floating matters. Draw off the
brine and roll in lime recently slacked.
Smut can be prevented also by dissolving
one pound of'bluestone in water enough
to cover five bushels of seed and soaking
a few hours.
Clover and Gras.. Seeds -This month
and early in the next are the best for
sowing clover and grass seeds. They may
be sown alone but it is ~bsual to sow them
with winter grain. Wheat and barley
are the best crops in which t,o seed,
though they are also sown with oats and
rye. The objection to the latter crops
bei_ thatthe rank..:-- grow t does not
gius e clover and young grass enough
light and air, they being always more
vigorous if sown with wheat or b trley.
A MODEST MAN IN A PREDICAMENT.
Mr. Tom Loughrin is Doted all over the
city for his modesty. He stands six feet
two in his stockings, and at least six feet
of him is made tup of mode -ty. At an
early hour yesterday morning Mr. L. was
making his toilet at his residence on
Pratte Avenue and walnut street ; he was
stanudirng in front of his mirror, with only
one garment on-anid that a rather short
one--and had lathered huh, face prepara
tory to mowing his beard, when he was
startled by a shrill scream froum Biddy,
his servant girl, anid his wire called to him
that Biddy watson lire. Mr. L., with an
admirable presence of minad, seized a
quilt frou: the bed, and reaching the bot
tomn of the stairs at t wo jumps, soon en
veloped the damning damisel in the folds
of the quilt and smothered1 the flames be
fore the girl was sea ouslv mjured.
While Mr. L. was thus engged some
d zen ladies from atdjoini.ng houses, hear
inag the 'screams of t he girl. rushed in to
see what was the matter. They arm ived
in time to see the ta.ll thmmr of Mr. L.
beniding over the girl, and inmsteaid of re
treating when they moticed his Georgia
costume, they stood loo)king~ at himi with
admit ing eyes. Tom looked aronnd and
saw the ladies, and remembering that he
had not finished his toilet, a ent upm stairs
a little fas'ter than he had come down.
The ladies ti. tered, and at every titter
M:. L. accelerated his speed, andl ahena
he reached his room he was cove. ed n ith
a profu.se perspiration. He says it was
the most embarrassing position he was
ever palaced in, and hopes never to be
caught in such a fix again.-St. Louis
Democrat.
THE ROPE, TH E R AZOR AND THE PISTo.
H UnsoN. N. Y., October 4.-The wife of
John D. Wagne"r, of Ghent, in this
County, comm iitted suicide yesterday
mornaing by hanging herself in an out
house. She had been laboring wnder a
depress.ion of spirits for some time, and
had frequently threatened to take her
own life.
A gentleman of this city, whose name
is withheld, was married on Tuesday eve
ning, anid attempted to commit suicide
the same ight by cutting his throat
with a razor. His recovery is doubtful.
BoSToN. October 4.-Moses B. W illiams,
sr., a umember of the firm of J. D. & M.
M illiams, wholesaie liquor dealers. shot
himself with a pistol at his residence in
Brooklyn and died this morning.
An Englishman in India was horrified
at receiving a telegraphic dispatch from
England that his wife had been delivered
of five daughters. The message should
have said a tine danuhtsr
The Emperor Napoleon.
His Am1K WIT Mr... MARoT.-f
the event of Napoleon's sudden demise I
am far from believing that immediate
revolution will ensue. The government
of the regency will go on silently, until
the first pretext comes for a battle, and
this will be precipitated by the republi
can press and the republicans of the leg
islative corpse. Then you shall see old
Paris, tertibly splendid in her awaken
ing, arise out of stone like one of Michael
Angelo's brawny marbles, nor she never
stretches or gapes but from all corners of
Europe the wild beasts beat their cages
and roar
The French master is now very sick
at St. Cloud, and his % ife and "whelp,"
as the Fanbourg St. Germain calls the
prince imperial, are en route to Biarretz.
The Empress has no element of a govern
ess. She belongs to the Josephine and
Hortense type of a woman, gay dressers
and sweet coquettes, but there is not a'
drop of the blood of Catharine de Medi
cis or Marie Therese about her. The
pi ince imperial is as yet a doll finger,
who nobody has gauged. The Emperor
himself, worn down by the excesses of a
life, alternately imprisoned and absolute,
must be nearly at the end of his reckon
ing, and even now "they whisper" un
ceasingly that he is drawn to the exit
door. His reign has been to you, who
see it from without, a stately, heartless
one, bad in the beginning, but vindicated
by brilliant achievements. To those who
have looked upon it within, it is marked
by worse than the elderly debasement of
courts, partaking at times of the licen
tiousness of the stews. The affair of
Margot is not yet stale, so that I may
tell it to you.
Margot is a common lorette, known at
the balls of the Rue des Victories. She
was beheld of the Emperor in the liois
de du Boulogne. He dispatched after
her, and discovered her residence. Vis
its were frequent of e venings, no pains
being taken to appoint a more secluded
rendezvous, and with these the Empress,
though well apprised, made no interfe
rence, her habit being to give all liberty
to her supreme. One night word. came
to the nousehokl for the Emperor, Rue-.
He was found there in a state between a
spas'i' and paralysis. Theh brouht him
home. Everyody was alarmed, and Jou
bert, his physician advised more abste
miousness. As for Margot. the Empress
sent to her, persuasively asking that she
be allowed to defray her expenses out of
France, at least out of Parns. Margot
saucily replied that she had as much
right, etc., and shouldn't be defrayed, or
persuaded. Of course it was not etiquette
to broach the thing to the Emperor, nor
how could he retort upon one whose
magnetism had been so irres.istible.
Therefore Margot, who told the story
freely, grew in great request, and Amern.
can gentlemen who danced with her a
few weeks~ ago, state that her heart
melted but a day and a week to the Im
perial charms; that she i.a still the same
susceptible siren, and able to keep her
voiture and driver.-Parie Sept. 4, Cor
resp(ndenlce of the New York World.
ExoDUS To TuzE WEsT. On 'ruesday
last a lairge number of citizens from this
Ditrct, prob'nly one hundred and fifty.
began 'beir pilgrimage to the 1El Dorado of
the We's , the lar-faimed hand of th)e '-l)o
star." W hile wishing that pro-perity maiy
attend the substantiaIl, energetic farmers
who atre thus led to t'orsake tbe homes of
their youth an~d manhood-among them we
count many friend<. and those who were
comraides with us in our of danger and trial
-we cannot hut deeply reL'ret that the old
Sta'e Is binrg depopulated In this wholesale
manner. She needs. all the energies and
strength of her saonsa to recuperate and recov
er from the losses of war, and can illy afford
to part with tho<e who were truest and fir
piest in their allegiance to her fortunes here
to ore.'
The H-,rri,burg Telegraph has the follow%
ing "RALP FuLHL,r, ninetv,%one years old,
andl a residlent of Forest County, Pa,. passed
through Corry recentry on his way to Boas,
ton to find friends he has not seen for fifty
years He never saw a steamboat nor a
tain of cars till la't week, and h'ts lived ten
miles from any neighbor for the last fifty
years."
When Portland was burned by the British
in 1775, ain infant but a few week. old Was
removed from a house on Fore Street, and
out of town for safety. The house was burn
ed down. Duiring~ the conflagration on the
Fourh, th it sama infant was removed from
a h.' use erected on the spot where stood the
one burnmd by Mowsatt, from which, ninety
years ago...she had been removed, and she
wa< once more taken to a place of safety' It
was the venerable Miss Hanna Thoro.
By-anid -by eve ything ir likely to be done
or u< by maichinery, and hand,labor will,
(oubless. be entirely superseded, We,ob,.
erve that "greennpea shelling ma,chines,"' in
our sizes, are introduced In London. and
ar said to do the work of cookey's fingers
neatly and nattilly, and with as much ease
ad elegunee.
A few evenings since a handsome young
lady, In fashionable attire, created quite a
fahona ble sensation in one of the street cars
of Washington city, by tenderly care4sing a
great uelv brown toad, which she held In
her batid, stroking its back fondly, and oca
c,aioally raising it to her Uips feea salnte.
Wat net?
The Questi of latt Qk66S.
We have fortunately come into - -
sion of th ' published proceed of
Teras Teachert'-State Conytbeldat
sHouston, on the 4tb of July, the present
year. From them we learn that a ealleo
tion of excellent text-books were adopte
and recommended for use in the public
schools of that State. A memorialon the
subject of education was ordered ts; bi
presented to the State Legislature. That
memorial contains* amoag others, the
follos ing well-stated truths which are as
happily adapted to Georgia as to Texas:
"The question of greatest concern to
the people of this great Statf at ttSs
time is-How shall the children of eiry
citizen 'be_ best' educated? The labi
geustion is one vital to the p sical coe
fort of society, and rigbtl answered
may lead to such a development -f thie
material resources o,f the great Commont
wealth as will enrich its population for
ages. Education, if it may have me&
to do with the right . solution of that
question, has mcre to do with its- right -
direction than all other posibl.e consider'
ations.
"The- development of the South d .
pends upon educated mind. Considered,
therefore, merely in its connection witIh
convenience, comfort, riches, and pless
ure, education occupies the most exalted
p sitica, as the key to prosperity _and
success. But the safety and integriy of
society, the preservation and administar
tion of the constitution and laws, alt
depend on cultivated mind. Virtue and
knoa ledge are the pillars of liberty. la
their absence, or with their decay, civil
liberty degenerates into despotism, and
republican law is substituted by the
tyrant's will. The preservation and
maintenance of our rights, the peace and
honor of public life an5l of domestic altars,.
depend upon the harmonious develep
ment ani expansion of the moral and
intellectual powers of each and every
individual citizen.
.* * * * a "
' 3ow shall every citizen be educated
to the best advantage? It will' net be
denied that-the State, as a State, and
each citizen, as a citizen, should in, their
several spheres, lster and promote the
education of the rising generation. If-a ;
wrhat should the -State do?"
The Texans recommend the establish
ment of normal schools in their State, for
the qualification of teachers for their
great work. The Georgia Legislaturo.
might, at its next session, with a great
degree of proprietly, give thought to the
roject of building up such schools in
his State. We hope that some public
spirited Senator or Representative will
agitate the question on that occasion.
[Augusta Press.
A MoTmn Ax Two DAUGUe5stIas t,.
maXA D)IE IaoM ACrUAL, STARTATIox-*,
EART RENDING RECITAL.-A corresponi
dnt of the Montgomnery Advertiser writas t
"About two or three weeks age, ina
ouse near the fair grounds, a woman was
ound dead on the floor. She bad falleu
from the bed. and must have-dled during the
ight. Around her hay her four little daught.
er, the oldest one about twelve years of1g.
Dybreak revealed to them .their moUservs
ded body lying on the floor. But this was
not all; these littlei girls lying around *aer
were dying for the~ want of bread and atteu
tion. In this fix they were t'oand and brought
by some one, in a little eart, to Bishop
obb's Home for- Orphans. They were
rought there on Friday. When these little
girs catme to the house they were the pietprs
iery and wanft, and had scarcely a rag oa
o cover their nakedness; emaciated and sala
ow, they looked I:ke living skeletons, and
tey were crying for l*ead. The baby,
:but three years of age, died on Saturday.
"he poor little thing was too near gobs for
any human aid to do ber any good. BS
a gged fur aid until she died."
Another one niamed L,zzie. about s8ene of
egt years of age, died on Wedues ,y
Se was a pretty little girl, but reduced to a
mere skeleton She begged those around
her to-give her some mneat and bread to ibe
last. The other two ate still a: the Beau.
t was thought at flrst; that they would die
too, but the oldett one, a bright, sweet little
r, is itnproving. Her account of the
ufe~'Ing the~y underwent is enough to melt
the hardest heart- to tears--how they cried
for bread and could not get it-that they
ad been drawing rations, but when they all
got sick they sent their ticket by a negro woe.
an, but that the ticket was torn, and the
nswer was "no more rations"-and ~how
their poor sick mother, the evening before
he died, with tears streaming dowa her
heeks, pressed them to her bosom-and
uch more which this little girl told mue 'a a
straightforward manner, and whiph had
truth stamped upon what she said.; Tbe
other little girl ned Mary. about nine
years of age, is atiRvery low, and i; idenbt
ful whether she will ever get well.
HAat.-A young gentlemnan in this tp
.ho has light hair, had, a few days since,
the plentiful lack of sense to buy a bottle of
uack hair dye to improve on nature. The
scond application produced an effect almost
s da'maging as the catastrophe In 'Tea
"houan,d a Year," for his locks, from a
right i ellow turned to a deep violet color,
forming a contr'.ist with his light eyembtows
and blonde complexion as pitiable 'as indie
ros-Petersburg (Va.) Index.
A Western editor lately married one of his
ompoitrs, another compositor acting as
bridem4 id, the officiating clergyan behg
aretired printer. and the local edtor giving
the bride aawa.-E;rehange.
What tna impressive affair it must. baae
been; bat itisto be hop .st# MW
at tsy re "ll etti ow

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