Newspaper Page Text
chkAa TEAY --- FOR THE DISSEMINATION OF USEFUL INTELLIGENCE. [IRIABLt IN Anval.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 22, 1868N
- mise~!~S a.w--tea
AJNV, I zml_xp
IT MttT amo .
the iowiag state
e ates 0! tate Tam~a
ISM -0 the Chirlestood1ew I
midLo.not to, be o ulueN
ps pyers, as, by re4esg t9
it-a 44 -. wighe blejoA at
a.tIe eith Re
QW i A-hie tf Lm&eT
r$ y afs on
~b. letaistai isth loe e,'
se ..y$10mid H -
*@ . eFxta
40 band the 1st~ of Jiasaz
em 'U.unAsa tATE -
he Mq4,184at JanuarpT 18~
~hand ta,r 188
e s 190 ad valorem.
. e~ 5)4 bei y.deate r
es fpetItry,(whethe ithe
' 4tikWath' Ieeste
#wwd ivedem -the - osta oC
alit er Ie 'or other souirce of
deue -incomes,) eeejfting
4:0on~ every $ 0.
*Jresa ~oinissions received~ bN
dbo6eais, vendue muasters, factor~s,
Ma*iiSio mehants, dealera ija
eX*mege (foreign ad .doestioe)
er J.$gage, bionda, and.ot(Tet
iie~~h~epapers, $2 50 du every
bpaigmareceived by in
c- ompades 0?'ndtr
48 oueSy 100. -
Frosa tlae se # e apapets o~
u $1 en. every1100.
- ~1hk ~ UB 3SHE0Q N THEZ
0* grose receipts of news
papers published in the State, 20
cents on every $100.
' ANKR, OR BANKING INsTITUTIONS.
On the gross profits of all banks
oi banking institutions, $2 on
?IIOTOORAPHING OR DAGUERREoTY
On the gross incomes derived
from the arts of photographing or
daguerreotyping, $1 on every
1NeOME& TROM SALARIES, RENT,
DIV7DENDs AND MONEY AT INTER
In excess of $500, $1 on every
Al persons keepirg hotela sh"a
a g Oa u groes iceeme, $2 on
BiTUR"NT.D RzATING HOUSES.
-Apersong -keeping resturants
reiig hogseashalk pay a tax
a- gr6m tacomeg $2 o every
peraps keeping livery sta
bwifa aPsy a tax on-goss in
come $2'orever'y $100.
Al batchers shWIl pay a taR on
gros i"eme, $1 On every $100.
Ai-b aeeCriaball.pay a tago
ir8es seo,-"- on-every $100.
kos shaill iy a ta. o1a gross in
Wm s keeping -bow irv 1
coqie, $5 4* eexy $100.
At perf s"ping br room,
.?ir. A edA:iti a hQ1
or otwis,;a ay a. ta .On
greiss income;3 19,en-everg $100.
yersos kepiIg ferries or
bridges sh i pay a ta * on -ra'"
iocomed $1 on ever'$10.
bytupoete horeW, eftaek.
:Upfr'ec' -paIie stage coaeA
4r'a-.A to or aore Irsce, $10
Ag6n e(-h public baggage'wg
M eact -
gpda tfth-.Pblie-. omiibus
diasw byLWQ er mlor horses, $10
'Eseh dray deten by one hotse,
-Eeh e drawa b mDo -'horse.
-Upon- ex6 fxpresse wagon,
dr w ou hhb& ab $5ach~
*Upnw evefy' takings out of a
iJi.'ae renewal 'of a ebiatter
~13T59ipras ineerporated, i
other-tStatsaball pay for the priv
ilege of.oar.ying onffeirJbusiness
in- thi& Sttthe saime eharter fee
as is required of companies inceor
pgated in this State.]
Each andevery jerson keeping
ad> eoi'a slialV pay for sec
- CAPI'PTION -TAX.
C.(apifitiotnhax sill be paid
by. evert' nale person between
4 he:agesaf ?1 and G0, residents of
the Stae on- the 1st da~y of Jani
aty,188;41~ each, except- such
as are ineapable of earning a sup.
.Oft by .rea.e n of mental or phy
IAkl taxes levied by this order,
except when such taxes are paya.
ble quitrterly, shall be due and
payable as follows : One-half or
or before the 31st day of Marebh
1868, and the remainding half on
or before the 30th day of June.
1868. Any person desiring to pay
the whole amount of his taxe:
(except snch as are returned quar
terly) on or before the 31st day o
March, shall have have- the prili
lege of so doing and shall be enti
tied to a discount of 5 per cent
upon the amounit of the taxes fall
ing due on the 30th ofJune, 1868
The late Ge-orge W. Kendall, of th<
New Orleans Picaiyune~, said in the las
letter written bj him,, that in' all his~ lif,
he had not been' to sche.l ten month'
andc that "the little 1 ever learned wa:
fromn running ai:ainst people who hat
The Important Qaestion -Be
fore the Country and
Shall this great and proud Re
public be. governed by a' negro
balance of power.? That is the
important question now before the
country. $hall S5,000,00 of the
Caucasia.,me--the highest type
of mankind-be -ruled by a few
millions of ign"orant nogrees, who
are the lowest in-the order of hn
man being., and who are -sareely
removed from barbarisnit Such
a proposion'-would seem ineredi
ble were it not sopprted by facts.
Some may doubt even' whether
such a monstrous idea& wodld be
s 'riously entertained by any party
or:faqtiob, and may think that -w6
state the case too broadly. There
is, however, no exAggeration; it-is
the well' known purpse . of the
redicals to perpetnate their powe'r,
if possible, .throg the vbtes of
the Southern~ negroes. ~This hi
bee their policy all along. The
Reconstrution' Aets of Cougress,
disfranehuiig &-large auvaber-of
whio;es and the,hisiig-the
bigeks of thbe.-&oth, were ,ps*e
for.0is-purpose. .Th-e bitter- feel
ing ofthe President, tho threats
ofiaspsaefinghi itmAe seurrilous
abUse -oft'bni; -d all the fegiei
tion to amint~ ibim- and .his -
406 an< to t-ike away his ,yower,
,grw out,of tis -p6 sition to this
atrocious policy of the radieals.
TherMatal and benighted Africans,
j.east -eran<dpated frem slavery, and
nut knoWing thetir' right hand
LOin their left, not.knowing w1at
a vote meant or- Whut -they vote
for, )ave b&n, givep power with a
election and the desting of the R -
pubic. The intLligatt white piO
ple of our own blood and race, in
the Soilth bay-e been placed upder
these barbarians,. and the fairest
and il-est portion of the. country
is turnedOv;er to desolation," with
th p1ospect offr4ghtfulstarvatjol
domofalizatin. and a war of races.
knd this is all dono for no other
V*-or object thap to keep the
radical pa-ty i control of the
The spoitingof radical orato'rs
-and eiksaries about equailty, the
righta.of mau, t be poor negrQ, and4
all that, is sheer hypocrisy- and
etap-trap. These radicals have re
As0ei- to give the snArage -to the
few negroes in those Northein.
States where they had ttie poiwer
to doso, and- where the negro vote
would be of* littl co'nsequence
comparatively, wiill e 4y a'e
doing the-utmost jo mxake tbe ig.
norant.and degraded blacks-of tle
South.a--contlrailing political ele
ment in the Republic. Who ever
heai'd of-any thing more inconsis
tant or monstrous ? Such eondiaet
seems .like insatAty, and could
hardly be credited. were there niot
examplee in history-of a similar
charaeter. T-he Jacobins in France
sed- riers-of,blood in the name
of humanity and equality,-and the
Puritan ancestors of our Jacobius
of the present time were not le0s
cruel and proscriptive in the name
of religion and truth. The radi
::al revolutionists of France set up a
strumpet as represent ng the God.
dess of Reason, and committed the
folest deeds under the pretention
of progress and ::higher philoso
phy. It is the same in all coun
tries and ages under revolutionary
radicalism, whatever form it may
t tke. It is so flow with the nig.
ger worshippers and radical revo
lutionists. Passion, fanaticism anid
ambition have subverted reason.
Everything must give way before
their intolerant dogmas. Let the
glorious institutions handed down
ti us by the fathers, this white
man's government, so full of glory
and happiness in the past and the
fature of our grand Republic.
perish for the sake of an irrational
and imnpra:ticable theory. That
is the policy of' the r'adical Repubi
licans. That is the cause of the
trouble between the President and
(nrm. Tant is thn gret issuE
before the country-the issue to
be decided in the next Presiden
The issue is clearly defined.
There is no possibility of smother
ing it up or dodging it. There is
the patriotism and conservatism
of the President. on one hand and
the selfish and'destructive policy
of the radicals on t-he other. Mr.
Johnson, while he proposes to se- 1
cure the'freedom of the em*nci
p-.ted negro'es;-and to give them
every baace to raise themselvesi
in the seale of civilization, desires
the early restofatioh of the South
through the action of tle intelli- 1
gent white people. The~ radkcalst_
woud only restore the South on'
the basis 0of:negro- barbarisP, for
the sake-. of perpetuating .-their
-power through negro votes. The
people- everywhere are taking
sides on this great issue, and-;iy
nbxt Novem ber it -wi I be sA well
understtod that the -election willi
,turn upon - it "and ~it -alone. IMr.
Jhnson's policy, as sho'wn' inlis
inesR.ges'to Cpngreqsan in bis
firm resistance to negro supremagy,
Will and'must be the platform.on
one side, and negro supreniy,
with a negfo balance of pow6r;as
provided for in the Reconstruciiin'
Acts aikd cour.-e of a Radical COn
gress. will be the platform n e
other.. The election cannot '-i
c oitested- on any other groqua4,
The popular name of Grantf I Of
any other hero of the- war.i-i
have littl; weight againgt -h.e
great prirciple involved. Sh6-l
Grant take a nOmination, o
r11dieal platform he will be feAg
ed, as .appthcr popuI r. genOAl1,j
amount to little in the coming
c ntest.; principles wil-be every
tiing. ~ Nor can heor- aiy other
e ididate succeed by ignoring t1re
peincigles' at'issue and by stand
ing upon personal popularity only.
Mr. Johnson stauds Plone at
prese*t as the rep)resentatiye of
the. conservativa side,. foe lie has
made the-issue and the solution of
it depends upon his aetion. le is,
a has'been -said befbre, ruaster of
the itnation- lie caninot be set1
aide. Heo iiust either be the con
seryative,cajididate, or must name
ouoto,talke his place. .Mr. Chase
ds the representative of the. other
side,-of.radicalismn, of negro su
premaeg,. of a negro balance of
p )rC, and~ of all. the, - other ex
tremesof the iadicalplarty. Should
be'~and Mr. Johnson be- the oppos
ing candidates, they would repYn
senrt- fully. and clearly the prinei
piesinvolved, It is possible, how
ever, that the radicals may 'wish
to use Grant or so'me other' popu~
lar general, with a view of extri
cating themselves from thbe dikem
ma they-are in.' But no one can
bring them salvation. T'he Pr.esi
dent 'has - broken their party to
peces; they have nothing to'stand
upon, and next November will seal
their fate forever. Thej~ re-action
which se t in powedfully through
the eleetions last. fall, will now Le
followed by a political revolution.
that wvill utterly destroy them,
[New York HIeraU-.
Good for Irishmen.
Dr. W. H. Russell has accepted.
the most responsible and influen
tial outside position connected
with the London Times, anid is
about to proced to Paris as its
own regular corresp)ondenlt. In
his new character Dr Russell will
be able to influence thte foreign pol1
icy of the empire to some extent,
for the British press takes its tone
on many questions from the ad
mirably selected extracts as well
as the thougtful remarks on coniti
nntal affairs, which have, as
a general rule, characterized
the Paris letters of the Thun
derer. The Tim& proprietors
conduct their Paris office on a
sale of great magnificence. The
salary is $20,000 a year in gold,
beside a splendidly furnished house,
carriages, wines, servants, and sec
i etnrien. In hta sloon~s t he most
,eebrated statesmen and Wits of
Prance and Europe assemble ~and
are.entertained, and the corres
pondent thus gleans from original
iources the current -news of the
lay.- Dr. O'Mear'a, an Irishman of
,ulture and literary attainmentR,
bas for a number of years filled
this position, and is now succeeded
by-.Dr. Russell, another Irishman,
thus again illustrating the fact
that some of-the leading positionsj
n. the London press are occupied
by persons of that .co-untry...
A Venerable Divine.
Rcv,. John -Bachman, D.D., pas..
torof the Engfish Lutheran Charch
>f this city; - complated the fifty
hird year of is'nnistry 'in that
2hu"rch yesera, and delivered
in appropriate discourse from the,
words "L,t us call'to mind 'the
lays of thejat..' .The sermon
was -aIistorical retro6pect, refer
ing-chiefly to, the past ministeriali
iervices'- of the "preacher. T ha
.hurch was-'crowded both morn
ing aAdevenin,g wi~th an attentive
audieiee, many. of- whom had
grown up unddr the teachings of
heir ,venerable pastcr. -_Notwith
;tUnding his Weight.of'years, Dr-.
BahmnaJn is a active minister of
he gospel, and.liis..aniversary ser
pon eriaced the same ckarness
ind abifify that .as. always dis
iished his discourss. Dr.
Bachinan. was born at Rhinebeck,
n Th Stati 'New York, in 1790.
) an ol colonial -family. His pa
erinalait-estor, a'SwisS geItlemar,
-am tg .A awrica as privafgo $er~
:ampto i -Pe , B w
nd- calred to the charch in Char
eston in 1815. - For a time
;re"eId in-i wooden buildingin
heC rear of tle prcsent hurebj,
Yhich was not erected untin 1817.
ie was.tben.in the habit of preaeb
ag a-sernQ_n ia-the German lar
guage once every -moth; but this
irtice has been diseontinued for
We have heard Dr. Bachman
tay, that the Dutch or Hollandish.
&en mILh spoken in the State cf
New York, was the languiage of
ii early youth, and- thait .he had
drived at the years of -inranhood
>fore he comm ienced the study of
sermnan. We -cannot withhold
>r .adnxiration .therefore- at. the.
borough mastery he so soon-ob
:ained over this-difneult language.
mndbling him to-.speak 'it with fa
:lity, and to preach even to an
ntfigen t audienee.
Of Dr. Bachtnan's scientifts at
:ainments this is irot the pr-oper
lace to speak. For years be han
ieen known thronghout the worid
f letters as a distinguished, nati.
ealist and his pen hats been diligent.
ni the cultivation of this vast and
mteresting field. His so-opera
tion wth the lamented Audubon
n the preparation of the Quadru
peds of North America, secured
him a multiplicity of learned titles
rom every civilized country on
the globe. His monograph on the
Unity of the Human Race was
written in the interest of scienee
and revelation, and is worth re
production in these days of Ariel
A mong the male members of Dr.
Bachman's congregation who had
the pleasure of listeninug to his an
niversary discourse, was one who
was the first that had received the
rite of confirmation at his hands,
and with the exception of an aged
feale member now absent from
the city, is the oldt s: member of
his floek. There are few minis
ters of the Gospel who have ar
rived at a riper age than Dr. Bach
man. He has continued in the
service of one church longer than
any other, and with the exception
of Rev. Dr. HIanel.l, has been eon
nected with the ministry a great
er number of years than any other
in the cit y.-Chtarleston News.
Gentury p,hnts grow w ild inCalifornia,
and are rnot,ed ohut of g.arrer a's a nmi
An Important Discoveryi
We do not khow when We were.
more surpiised than receptly, by
a friend's laying before,-Us some
specimens of artieles . produ~ed
from the-corn plant, consisting of
textile fabries, paper, etc.. The
paper~embraces the description
known as parehient, drawing,
photographic tracing; tisue, print
ing, and writing, and is of. beautiful
Wuality. The loth conis ofh
goods, known- as. crash matting,
and coarse baleing cloth, suita>le
for toweling floor matting, cotton
bales, and sacks. There.- are also
among the eamples- some of-.ke
corn- plant fibre, prepared, for
spinning ; gun cotton, and -pilp
ready for the giinding paper milL
These articles are all produced
froin the shuck stalk and fodd.6r
of the corn'plairt, and the discor
ery, has develope:d a new and enor
mous valne in that growth. Owh
demnd for'theseproducta is uI
limited, and the - manufaRctare of
them will open -ipon new and un
expected demand for- w-hat ias
hif(herto been feemed as of little
vaiTe. The'discovery Vas made
by 'a Bohemian. named. 3oritz
hamapt, was .taken up,by t'te
Austrain government, and- f here
are several factories in '.accessful
opeTation in that. country. -The
results are eminentit --successful.
From a statement before us we
lern that th.e Het profit on a tWn
of the raw materiat is thifty do
Jars, which, at.the rate of t*;elve
ton rediced pei- day, .ould yield
a profit of three hundred.and si&
td. dlahs.e Whi toor in -'X:ustA,
Siiere the rai 'Jiterd.i m h
tigher'thun in"thfis boari, JWi
at the rate 'f twenty-four dollart
er-ton. heyie)d of fibrous and
rlutenous material from,the.Smer
i.an, plrt is also muck greatei
han. from the- Austrian. Tht
taWlks treated separately yield
sixty-six and three fourth per
eefit. of a coarse fibre .suited -fbr'
rou'rh textile -*aries and wrnp
Png paper. The'&st of the ma
hinery necessary for t'he reduce
tion.-otwelve tons pir'4ay of ravv
taseral.isonly about . $8.000
anid we understand that $20,00Of
wilr erect ~ mnsehinery which. wfil
'ield a- pieflt --of $8,000- per day.
We regard' this' as 'a discovery- o
antold value to the agri'cultural.
he-manufacturing1 and the comn
mercial interests, and it affords iw
reat pleasure to give pubticity tc.
The patent for this country has
been purchased by a'- Baltimore
company who are preparing. fo~
its practical introduction.
( Lynchbury ViryiIan.
WAsarroN, Jamiary 15.-Il
theHouse, the Committee on Pub
he Lands reported adversely oni
the bill.-giving public land-s to ne
groes und!er the ho:nestead la-ws'
the bill amending the homeostca'.
aw. and allowing settlers to mak'
ne cessar'y adidav its before olerks
of coaintry courts, passed. Recon
struction - was resumed-; Wood
having the floor, wh.o characterized
the bill as a monstrosity, and the
most infamous act of all 'this in
famous Congress. Bingham call
d Wood to order. Ross suggest
ed that W'oodl should moriny,
by saying "so-called infamous Con
gress." The Speaker decided.
Wood0('s remarks out of order.
Wood refused to modify them.
The House, by a party vote, re
fused to hear W~ood further.
Dawes offered a resolutoni of cen
sure, which. nassed by a party vote;
when Wood came before the bar'
of' the House and was censured.
The discussion was wide. Butler
gave notico of an am'en :ne,
declaring all offices vacant, and
authorizing the Conventions to fill
them, and making it the duty of
the District Coinmanders to comn
firm and instal the Convention's
In the Senate, the chair present
ed . rpm'm al fpor the Missis
tippi Board of Registration, setting
forth the generai destitution; thit
nemnrial .a4s'if soniethipg is Wc
dine'so6n,-the GAern-mAent ia
)rovide a large l a rying -g?o"ndN
iorton- presented a petition. from
4,000 negroes, of -tbe District -4
Columbia, askirg for laboroa U4 -
public. works, stating that:the
were exeluded fronz eompetitiow,
and white men ,r6fie to-work
with .them. A. joint resolutiob,
pay ing Spaio $20,006foi a sterme -
seized by.,Sherman it Port A
passed. The anti-e6nti-action U
was resuied and passed withII
verbal- amendictnt1vote of 21 to -
The' aniendrment forbidding 'ei -
pansion, failed. - Adjourned.
A Texas Heroine.
The:subfeot of the folowing.9o4 -
tice sas the Qalveston CiRi
stilLlives .in Fort Bend conmiy
Texas. The-. inciden.t related ~e
well known to old -TQxans, but
may be rk-w .to the riSisng. generi
tidn of- new settlers.' We - copy.
Irom a.lect,ae -of- Rev.- M - Pon.
taine, delivered'aipIll-o. Richmond
Atheneum.- Speaking f thearUy
history of Texasere gaO an se
.0unt of'Gen. Long's effort to revs
olu.tionlize this'coun try in;1819,. iat
which the heroie- devotion of-s
woman is incidentaly portraye4,
in illustration of theaany g iaiv
events -which marked the -e'rly
days-of our country' hisfory.
Gen. Long, it will be
i>ered, served under -Geo.'
in th.Se.minolewar, at.the battle
ofl-New,_ Orleans.- He 'marri ,
when twenty-two years of age
(eltb'rated lbeau~ty 'and heiress o
NashifviHe, G-My sixteetyears old.
Whenie fordied'th bdesign tei -
vAde 3 eia_ ltr,. dnt%l
bis disposal her immensae.
With this he arM.ed and eqa
three hundred .ien, - entered the
eoUftry andwas-erery where se
cessful. Near the Gulf,' on BOli_
var Point, opposite Galveston,
f.rMed a fortificition -whee NO
t:ablished hii headgaartos. .l'e
was.eected President of the e
public-;a full c,biet tasappoiMso
ed,.nd a reguar g6verman4 eg-O
gP'nized. At that time- lterbid.
was. over-running moxito: with;
the desin of' nma1ing himself'su,r
preine ruler of'the- State' Eiig
ealious~ of the success and power
of Genergl'Lyng li'e proposed&.te
him.through) ant agent, that .they
should unite their forepse whiek
would strengthenD their aMbtpty,
~the one over Mexico, the'-otei
Texas. General Long uniiselt.
hi ed ad the traitrous "piree1tis
B for'e leavinj. the fort h~e 'a.'
aig.ed to his vie sevtj.di,
mn ni, wyith direction.4 to hold the
plaec~ UnIII -is return. IUe soou
after reached the. headquarters: pL
3en. 1turbi,de,.who, as soon as he
got possession of-his rivat~; eaused.
aim to be assassinated.
Time passed on. Mr. Longe
beard n.'M i:- of the: gd 'ate of
her husbaud. The ~eNatf-e
maen under her charge be i a
satisfied. provisions were ezbsua
led, and they bet-ame clarnrous
to return to the "States." 5be
told them that Gen. tog b ad div'
reeted her to renrain' unti h~'s re.
turn, and that she should 'do,
"dead or alive."
Every man deserted her to
retrace th i:' steps to their
homes, leaving her with an
infaniut and nurse, a young girl
twelve or fo)urteen years of age,
the sole oc:upants of the fortifiea
-ion.- She kept the dlag of the.
stats and stripes floating from the
walls-fired the morning and eve
ninig salute, and beat the reveille.
T he Mexicans and Indians thought
the place was still garrisoned, and
kept at a respectful distance.*Time
sped. A year elapsed, and still
no tidings of her gallant $usband
reached her lonely abode. During
all this time she subsisted by
gathering oysters from the beach,
and shooting bir:ds thbat flew atbouit
the fort. In 1821 General Austin
invaded Texas, and seeing a flag
floating from a for1titicationl near
the Gult, supposed that the noted
Lafitte had established himaself'
there. He sent a flag of' truce,
and what was his surprise to find
this place, in the midst of inimical
Mexicans and savage In