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4FOR THE OISSEMINTION OF USUp 1IUTEWOINCI
- ~WEDNESDAY MORNING, -JULY- 14I 89
" - L J"- IM- !R4~ YAOieC mltt m rIl e or itr
o" rno sos
.~ ~ ~ d se d i ro b wN . ed qatte.
ssUa rae snd vaoirh
4hs ta d rss&nel a*
Ah h dew drpimmlawain
s s...I u r lls h , e s ais
Agares. &e 6,sber
eI sehae ebm estas wstis
* 4mis p r!
~ ,ar ige il h. . antag
elfteufa'n agU fa gsho.o
hepeAmercai enon ro-o
ia0ppaa a totap
wiW- tivsan aggregat of 972.
3uu7oteod Mrroth ftenc
sf.nenesa to en; crodpcof
si lcto. The irpv
whiies of k,69atere.
~~,jrirs be;FwapUtis paupe a
t.eaWoof ~ ,6Sares
p a ~tedogaztiOn
ted4.d -d26,365,440 acres. This
ag may be fairly taken *s thp
pble cotton field of the future,
~ug.t the portions of the oct
* ie StateS proper which
' beempoyedlbrcotton pro
*uuo against the Kentucky,
" l nd Virginia lands which
ga s employed. The United
Mps then have a eapacity of cot
sb3 odUtion of142,121,S14 bales,
fb,at existing Ng.e in. sur
ame, weld be worth feartees
tbmman two hundred and twelve
minons of dollarsa um wi
. .of last, issy 0said
-ony au one Sftynith pss e
* ast m.ne. anad i*an=t only
about the sameproprtion of the
sum just mentioned. Practically,
then, it inay be said, that there is
no limit to the quantity of cotton
tui$ p be ralsed by a ombina-.
tiorof efort en the part of those
.eoe band iay make three-bales
of cottah, thbugh this is a high
avefte.- A lying it, howover,
to tlhe tp0r18, we get 810,
98 as the numnq. pf .handj em
ployed in its. growth. Competest
writers.assame that one-fourth of
these were white men; a propor
tion greater than under the sys
tem of slavery. About one half
the slaves of the South beforv the
war were in the cotton field, which,
according to the census of 1860,
would gave 1,500,000 in round num
be s as the force employed. Since
slavery Usa been abolished this
fprce has been diminished by the
$itJdraw the wo
men i'nebildren, and by an aeta
meease of the whole number
twhat extent the cen
itone can inform us.
The fall in price of our staple
inoe ie war has greatly crippled
th cotton- uting interests of
"A ,. The largest
ield in India was that of 1866,
;,?it ~ i1,80,648 les.
hs was b .o t downin to
S,476 balee. Egypt produced,
S44,491 bales; in 1868,193,
V Eot *nough to disturb a
- o bIresult here
r. .eth ese countries paid
'eti Woo exclusive devo
of their lands to Cotton, under
manahuI oat -war, in famiie
hA emid id-of a million
humnaings. I y a and
rtionst the L ent, we
'VI eW eot.;n tbe eel
bean almost etiWdy'sali
Wt mes them ,
eotton-grower of the wo.r; 49
we see, se hat its capseity for
~nersed ution depends alt
yost wh upon the ore:ihd
oe # T'b .ipeortance
oru a gg imi tion be
ea if in this view to
La us HKr Ox AoTaI.
' t little sentence should be
6e.-on every memory. It
be the golden rule g -
roedjotaQl7 in every'house'd
ttrebout the world. By
elpao er, -weo 'oly
ove thor'is Iie pathway,
~d- iftEy from the mind, but
4fee a sense of pleasure in our
owtt eirts, knowing we are doing
a duty -to a fellow-.oreature. .A
hand or an encouraging
~ s-no tous te es, yet it as a
eit to others. Who has not
~the his lttlesen
ecouragspat and aid of.a kind
'edl o w soothing when pr
$1exed with some task that is.
sa-teiu aed burdensome, to
a gentre hand.on th'e sh oulder.
~r kin ViC h r%pg
ytreuble' l66 me-help yoe.".
trn& is in sedwhat'
j~p.erati--ha masse- gr
is Alisolved as dew eet the
sunshine. Yes, let us help one
ather by endeavoring t o
sareengthaen and encourage the
wTak and lifting the burden of
care flrom the weary and oppreissed,
that life may glade smoothly on
ad the fount of bitterness yield
edet waters, and he whose willing
band is .ver ready to aid us, will
read our humble endeavors,
aevery good deed will be as
"brad cast upon the waters, to
reoarn. after many days," if not to
us to thoue we love.
The Fairfield (lowa) Ledger
oktaius the following romance :
"Years ago a fennsylvania far
mer married a charming young
girl from his own village. Farmer
occasionally got tight. Wife ob
jected; farmer became angry
stabbed hij wife with a butcher
knife. Farimer leaves precipitately
for lEe''We.~Wife recovered.
After five years' marries again.
Scnd husband dies in a year.
She leaves' for the West. Arrives
at Fairview. Stops at a boarding
house; meets former hnsband ;
yeas have passed ; she does not
recognise him, and he knows her
not; He loves her ; proposes.
She accepts ; they marry. Not
twenty four hours efter the cere
mony wife disrobes; an ugly scar
is visible ; husband sees the scar ;
Is utterly amased. Truth~ dawns
upn tham-it is long-es hans
band, now a sober, wealthy mer
Hints for Su'mer.
Su4 BATHING-DANGERS OF EZ'
CEss-SUMMER DRINKs-How To
K CooL-DIzET oa H o T
WgATaza-FIOHTING THE Mos
Sea d river bathin are .now
in order, and it is to be hoped that
people will not indulgeinthooelux
uries withrecklessness. Manycon
stitutionsaare sadly shattered ev
ery Summer by too much bath
Bathing is a good thing employ
ed in moderation ; but immoder
ately enjoyed it becomes a very
dangerous and damaging thing.
Only the most robust and and
soandfst system can long stand
daily, sea or rier tomerseons
wilthoi}t becoming inmpairpd.. Per
sons agioed by orpnae, disabili
ties. bhl4 batbe in gke- ae or
river not oftener tban -every ot,her
day, :ad: is no event shoird they
remain in the water longer than
ten or fifteen - minutes. Any in
dulgence in bathing '"extend1ing,to
half an hour or an hour (which is
more frequently the rule than the
exception) is -highly injurious, al
though the injury may not be im
"What are the best and most
healthful Summer drinks.?"
The immediate object of drink
ing is to satisfy thirst. There is
but one thing capable of doing
this, and that is water. The prin
cipal ingredient of all the different
r nds of drinks used is water, and
he purer the water, and the less
quantity of other substances mix
with it, the more perfectly does
thply the wants of the: system.
his beig the case, ,pare water is
ebs aidk most- healthful of
'aks, not only for Summer, bat
ah MsOU a Tfhe year. The
e iailfa if ai
rd rapidly and in -large quanti Tsr,
it may produce undue distension
and pressure of the- stomach, and
interfere with its functions and
these of the surrounding organs.
Ifdhe water thus awallowed be
very cold,-and the system at the
same time be suffering fr'm heat
and fatigue, very serious results
are apt to occur from the sudden
shock. Water should always be
frank slowly. By sipping, the
desire for drink is morefectually
gratiled, and~ any desirable quan
tity at any temperature may bel
drank without injurious effects.
Ice water in Summer is not objec
ionable if taken in this way.
Water should not be drank at or
soon~ after .meais,~as it interferes
with the process of digestion.
"It is easy to say so," says one,
"but how are you going to do it,
this hot weather ?" I will tell
you. The clothing should be light
and loose, and of suen a character
that the air can readily pass
through it. 'It s.hould be changed
often. Clothing wornthog
the day. should not be worn at
night. The entire body should be,
bated -every day so as to keep the
porespe and the skin clean.
esirtion should not be checked,
but encouraged, if one does not
perspire easily.. .Perspiration ne
essitates evaporation, and evapor
Eat sparingly, and avoid every
thing of a heating, stimulating, or
irritating character, as salts, spices,
condiments, sweets, fats, tea, cof
fee, tobacce, alchobolic drinks, &c.
The diet should consist principally
or entirely of fruits, herries and
vegetables. The only proper drink
is water. Especially avoid eat
nin more than the system re
quires, as excess' in 'amount of
food is one of the principal,ecauses
o that lazy, listlesa, uncomforta
ble feeling experienced by so
many during hot weather: -Keep
a clean conscience as well as a
clean skin and clean clothing, and
don't get excited. If uncomforta
bly warm at any time, immerse
the hands and feet in cold water,
or let a stream of cold water run
upon the wrists or ankles for a
short time, or hold a piece of ice
in the hands. This will soon cool
the whole body.
AN ESCAPE IRoM MosQUITOES.
How to evade the annoyance of
mosquitoes is, at this season a
matter of primary importance.
Nettings, the most impervious ap
parently, fail to keep out the des
perate: little buers. We .have
used every stratagem in VSuw
They will manag, to put in an
apparance, and slwgty thersf
ter abill, just as we.omPO our
selves for the much-neeed rest ;
.il.e. is n fe qu aestion with
even one mosquito or a vui -w,
while the one shortly becomes a
dozen, for the sly little fellows
exhibit a gieat deal of generosity
toward each other, and lways
reveal to -their friends th gdus
operandi of their entry. to our
Cl6sely screened cono. While
puzzhling our brains r'ettly for
some effcacious protectik ginst
these diminutive enemies" of hu
man repose, we receivdd. he fol
lowing from a friend, .whieh will
be found just the thing and never
failing. We give it for thebenefit
of our readers: "Take. ofgum
camphor a piece about one:third
the size of an egg, and pv rate
it by placing in a tin v , old.
ing it over a lamp or can tak
ing care that it does not .
The snn ke will soon Ill. oem
and e4eI Aho' mosgqit who
will,ret*rn no more,. i;Wl. for
that night, even if thp yi4ows
be left open. Try it...
A Bashful pride on]ei eid
dOng Tour :. . y
While we were makiqg a-nge
ments to pass the night-(en cean.
not say sleep) in. the .-al in-car
which carried us front to
Montgomery, Alabam; Au D 'ust
as we had begun to wv p t
ter bed, the cars stop Aall
station, pnd a blig w e,
"hold ofbands," camne e
car. Their appearance as y
stood hesitatingly in t
showed that they
chief," and were jest o
on their wedding tou. -
"Would you like a ~~i
said the lively, jolly-f"
tor of the miseatb1
"No, sir-I recon*- tiA
that aint what we want,"
-nered the bridegroom. u
you got no. bridl vhAUr
sOge i&wfTai Tex.,
claimed the conductor. "Come
this way, sir."
The couple went trembling
through the car to the "state
room," which looked abotit as
much like a state-room on a North
ern sleeping-car as a cell, in the
o:: nty jail appears like the Par
ker House Parlor.
"Does that door shut up ?"
anxiously inquired the bride
"Oh,yes. See how it slides,"
said the conductor.
"But I'm durned if I see any
place to sleep," suggested the ap
picat for the chamber.
Oh, we'll x that, if you will be
seated, said-the conductor, point
ing to a low, hard sofa on the op.
possite side of the car, close to the
head of our curtained couch.
"I don't like it ; so there--,"
whispred the bride.
"Don't like what ?" said her
"I won't go no further, I won't
if you keep talking so."
"What have I done, I'd like to
"You told'him you didn't see no
place to sleep, and I don't think it
was usin' me right."
"Well, I don't see no place now,
neither. If we've got to be tucked
away in that little hole, we'll haft
ter stan up all nigbt, that's sar
"Let's go back, .Tonny ; I'm
afraid to go any further."
"Oh, no, don't let'sgo back. Let's
stik er eout."
"I can't, I won't, I don't like ter.
I can't stay here. There's lots of
men behind those curtains. i'm
sik. I won't go no further. Say,
Johnny, let's do go home. Do, I
want ter so much." And the fair
'one began to weep as though her
-heart would break.
"Well don't ci-y, Mollie, we'll git
right eout at the next place. But
you had'nt orter be so 'fraid o'
folks now we're married."
This seemed to quiet her grief,
and at the next station the afflict-.
ed couple left the cars, having
paid for the "state-room," and we
heard him, as he stood on the
platform outsi4e, remark that:
"That ar sleepin'-kear was dog
goned small quarters fbr mnarried
"Well, Doctor," said a chap,
suffering with the toothache, "how
much do you ax.for the job? Guy,
but you did it quick though !"
"My terms' replied the dentist,
"are one dollar." "A dollar for one
minute's work ! One dollar-thud
der ! Why, a doctor down at our
place drawed a tooth for me two
years ago, and it took him two
hor.He dragged me all around
the oom,and ost his grip half a
dosen times. I never-seed such
hard work--and he eh 1sdme
nly twenty tve cents. dollar
fr a mingt6'srwork ! Ob, get Que i
you mnst hejiokin""
As a general thing American
Woinep have to work too hard ul
ring a certain part of ther' lives.
Not that they should bi . idle or
have nothing to do, bui tkey should
never overwork if th .wuld
lave their children of a h orde.
Mrs. Jo hine C. teira,
Painesville, Ohio, in Sgh,king on
this subject, in the O ftviinw1
"The causes of this too early do.
iy of mothers and neglect fron
'bildren lie, we think, far back,
mmencing in the anxious, over
burdened young mother. We un
derstand your position, siters ;
you love your husbands -ad you
feel that their interest i
also ; you are anxios to he
economize, as far as possible and,
at tho same time, desirous of
ifying your husband's f ioa
tastes; so you hire no help, (fr
fou really can not afford. it,)
the house must be the perfeotiop
of neatness, the table must. be
cared for,, and your children
as well dressed too, as any of
your neighbor's children ; and, in
fact, you are as healthy and as
mart. as.your acquaintances, and
many of them do all this, and so
you will. Soon there Is arother
4hild, and then another, and ill
gon strafn every nerve to do a41
the work without help. You hove
4o tiie for reading or for rest;
ou forgot the future, and do not
kwhat will be the end of all
hift. Your husband, too, admir."
ourT udtry, and*forget thatti
'ime fl- eme, when he lays asidi
nost 6f hfM Ative labors, and tbat
he will want that in you he cn
sot find-aiiTeptelgent companion.
Tou forget that you wi1 1oon
distanced: by yeoar childas4
sequisition e to .k s d
iscovery that mother I t
orat than they ; and, VIth th
iscovery, generally comes the lo i
f respect for her judgment and
opinions. Women seldom rest.ex
cept for a few hours at night; yel
they need it, and should take paini
to secure it. It is not wasting
time to rock and read, without the
knitting. Your husband wouki
think it hard to work so steadily
at all hours; and, in con oenc
of their hours of rest, on do nol
often grow old so fast or woas
The frailest sex work the t is
esantly, and i-ei "b* n
krduons when there eb.k& p
two little ones than whea *heM
ily becomes larger, and -om at
old enough to assist the mother
f you do not love reading, stil
practice it till you do love it ; anc
ou will soon become interested
n addition to the Bible, which w4
hope no mother will neglect, 1l1
valuable books be read when they
can be; but for those who have al
little tinme as the housewife, news
apers and -maagazines must form
the staple reading, as the shorl
articles and items arrwell adaptec
to the sa re momn ts- thalean be
snated 'here-and there. Worns'
must be intelligent, if she weeli
win both respect and love from
husband and children. She mus
constantly improve if she would be
what she should be, by no means
considerin eOducation Inished
when she mes married."
WHO AaE DaUNKAaD?--YoungI
friends, did you ever think whc
drunkards are ? The NewHamfp
shire Temperance Committee, ii
an addrees to the ministers of thal
State, say, "Drunkards' are gene
rally drinking young'men grow!
up." If, then, there were ac
drinking young men, there would~
be few drunkardS. But where d
the drinking young men oome
from ? Why, of course, they ome3
from the children. If all the ohil
dren, then, were pledged againsi
the use of everything -that can in.
toxicate, there would be no drink
ing young men, and consequently
but few if any drunkards. "If not
ruined young men, they probably
never would be. So they-must be
saved young, or not at ali.'
Think of that, young friends, and
take your tand on the side of
of temperance now. Bemember
that "Drunkards are commonly
drinking young men grown up.'
And these drinking young men
are commonly unpledged childrei
grown. into young men. . That ii
we trust all those who, when chil'
dren, pledged themselves to total
abstinence and have remained
faithful to their promise--good
soldiers.-Friend of Temperance.
A Dancer onee said to Berates
4Tou can not stand -on ess s
long as~ I can." "Tre., s,Is
th ptilser, "bua
sin was o M'7hpEs b7 a 'w,ei
The New York Rood 2bedis
-ia the question-"Are we
dwag ito iperIalism ?'-in
Ia pa sgoqh, the age of sea
Pality, of unchecked corruption,
dense, gross ignorance is coming
wa on us like eight. A free
should bae given more
notes of warning than it has ; but
the press dislikes, in a free coun.
try, to print unpalatable truth,
even when it discerns such truth,
and the journals. that profess 'fear
lisa devotion to principle' are no.
t 'gftOly the ones whose articles
y the most laborious solici.
dT to vatch the applause and
tter the prejudice of the great
t number. eanwhila, at what
called our 'great centres,'
brutes, who oughts to be
grailways or drawing hantI
,y down the law for the
hole community, and by dint of
vast wealth, amassed under cir
cumstances impossible in any
dther civilized country, degrade
ihe social tone and spread in every
4irection. an unbridled rage for
sasures of the senses. Intellect.
elevti.)n or aa}bition is scoffed
t and thoe who strive to dictate
S taste fur better thing aie either
sated or despsd Nothing is
bout of but the delights of the
r of fine elothes, of showy
.ins and squipages-4- a
d42 of phyu'cal raptures Of
vey desci??. If there is at
resent an .ing else-wbether
n the pulpit, in the thea're,.or in
.terture-thq pill must begilded
we oapp4ar "seosstionaL" All
hl so Widely ad"bited, "sc
daw disauh. t is
whes- peole think of
heir bodies and not)mijg of their
inds that eithbr aDmocratie or
asf other pure form of govern
eat can Iong be maintained.
Unless a. great change comes
over American people, it will not
be maintained by themselves.
trhey are rushing toward the pre
ipie at railroad speed, and the
niversal corruption that good
deplore, is the prelude of.s
p which a as certaia
- - - -aeJT . - - I
y es bntrnw P sfsra;-Iy
bubscrlbers, by inserting the en
elosed hints to cotton planters
eaeto domso. It is not knowm
to every cotton planter, to whal
exetthe cotton plant can be
improved. I will give my ex.
Some ten or twelve years ago
Ibought of Mr. David Dicksoc
lome of his improved cotton seed
K. showed me how he selected
and improved the cotton. I fol
deed4 his direction. and ex
ag he ottn, ut oun itvery
hdal or ra$her out of my powez
tokept par,.until I fell :upon
the plnof thinning the .cottom
aneris ured,and before ii
bloomed. seIledted every boll
every year with my own fingers,
and yet would get some impure at
mongrel stalks, until I thinned as
above-taking care to pull up the
poorly squared stalks.. I need
not attempt to describe how
susceptible of improvement the
etton plant is. Suffee it to sa.
I am stisied mprove on i1
evef'y year. I from the besi
stalks the choics bolls-havi
rsetat the same time, to those
with most lint, and preferring
those with small white seed.
Perhaps some one may tell us
throrgh the CwltiVator next fall.
how to increase the lint and re:
duce the wcight of the seed. If
that has to be done, (as I think it
will,) biy proportioning the stand
to the strengt of the soil, when the
planter sold always take his
head with him in the field. Conie,
o otton planters, let us, like good
generals, improve from misfor
tuns; and as in days of black
labor, cotton was King, let us
now make it Emperor.- -Thorntorn
obna2, is So. Gultivator.
Josh Billings was asked, "How
fat does sound travel ?" and. his
idea is that depends a great deal
ui n the noise you are talking
a6 t. "The sound' of a dinner
horn, for instance, travels half a
.ail a a ssdwD,re an in
gi~u t p Jn th ournin
rn-a goi' up Spe of sti
an thea sot har streuigth 1te*to
ScaN s AT CASTLS GAassm,
"Peeping tom" writes roia
New York to the Phila4ipg
"The aoens which et t
eay at Castle Gan Je% ohm
, most touching ch
Passing along the maia uit'
this morning, I encounn
group (emigrants) conslstinglQ
woman and three children5: t
eldest not more than nise ye
sitting huddled up together -bes
hind a pyramid of passeng iV
luggage. This woman waa wee" '
ing bitterly, and .the chIldren "h.
a vacant stare, betokeping ber
derment. Her story may be
in a few words. She was 8 V
husband had been in this.
a twelvenionth, and bad
money enough to send'heIe
her and her children's
New York. After a long
tion she had looked forward i
blissful'anticipations of a .hapj
"When the steamer -ame into
port oelooked i g-an trsioMP
Iy among the crowd that wo4l .
ryig to and fro tak e eof
newcomers but ahe lo e in saisa
The husband had written hea aba,
he' would be among the first bW
boar, and that sbe. must kep .
look out for him. With etriag.
eyes and an aohing heart, aar
e kept.her watch In vain
poor ma (who *at ii
trade) ka1 fle.fo
hfew, days before and:aEi ibia
elf. The kind-hearted commis.:
iohers, on being made aseii''
-vith the ftets, did what.
could t coinfort her. Theywd .,
et her eiploydeet- a ge
ad #amlly, - and 'ber nbtldre
.aske me ow c o I
Paut'wih her dear b-ost ___
would take sat pf them? W .
would nat them?' The mthe
love was strong even in the g
of the wife's bereavemeat
left her, oppressed with the -
vietion- that svrrowful as are
experienoes, they would seia
be the too common lot: of
stranger is a strange laad -
bies,' of tbe California
gets off the followisg4
I begin to believe, now .
money alkes the uMius
I to believe-that t !p
is more potent than thsewau
I begin to believe that t'h~
who sin the most during~ the
week are the devoetesi on Saj..
is the best policy-to speenIg0e
with until you have gained .eagsyl
body's oonfidence--then lia'e youw't
I begiiEto belfie ini hIrmbig-~
gingpe, oit'of their dollars/A
Its n:tr stesling nor .g.
and those who~ are hafab
have only themselves to blam.
1 begin to believe that * abb.
was not made to enjoy life, bas-t r
keep himself m1sei-ble in the pmr
suit and possession of riches.
I begin to believe that the.
surest remedy for hai'd times and
a tight money market is an em.
travagant expenditure on the
part of the individual--to keep
the money moving,
I begia to believe that none but
knaves are qualified to hold odee
under Governmient-with the q.
ception of a few natural born fo6Z.
I begin to believe that a piano
forte is more necessary in a e
ly than meat and potatoes.
I begin to believe that a bog
who dosen't swear, smoke aei
chew tobacco, may be a very gead
boy, but naturally stupid.
I begi n to believe that SEti
devil sh ould die, one hal* ofC the
world would be throwa enA Q4
A 8mrwom Comvasoz.-The ,t
Jamies trystal, an Ep:seopalian ela
niash of New York, and atlelogal -
tar of qome distinction, has heeomaes
yert to the Orthodox Easters. CbJIeh of
Russia and Greece. His t#obshdo. of
faih, made in writing to thes most Re,
Archbishop Alexander', of Spa and TI
maaB, is published in fnll ine the Greek
and Russian papera. He was publicly
baptized'in the Greek Church, on thie
18th of Januo*y es, ordaisipd deacon on
the S5th4 aMarch, and presbyter ati.4
archImaare on the 2*th of Apjef
Thisuis the Brat instance of a conw
alon of an American toInister to
4econtrporary wants to knew.
why half the women in the conus
a sie. on one of their feet.