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TiftiE DOLLA-uS A YAR] FOR TIlE DISSEMINATION OF USEFUL INTELLIGENCE. [INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
V. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 15, 1869. No. 4g
VRY WEDNESDAY MONING,
Newberry ). 1.,.
,yTRfO3, I. & R.- E, GREER,
Editors and Proprietors.
68 PEIt ANNUM, IN.CURRENCY
I ' OR PROVISIONS.
Montrequired Invariably In advance.
arriago Notices, Funcaral InYitptionp, obit%
les and Communications subsorving privato
eats, are oharged as advertlsements.
to opeted and are still receiving their
rfhmses made at the North, and of
tle fall trade
of various styles and patterns.
PRINTS, CALICOES, &C,
SHIRTING, G_AA U!,
FANCY ARTICLE, &C.
Together with a full assortment of
1AT, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES &C.
F LOUR, BACON,
All of whioh aml many other articles too
mnmterous to mention, will be sold 1OV
Om. 6 80 tf.
M.ISS TUR MAN will, on tih fiatMolly
iJan.ary next, opn 3 SCl01h for girls
in the s Onroom in rear of the llapi.t
Vhultrch. Tesnn $-.Im to sl.to per m,o,th.
milsic Lessfola will be viveln I the lafter
noons it deeired. 'ern,s ).v twr m:mihl.
Dre 1, 47-5t*
Synopsis of President's Mes
Tihe President congratulates
the country upon its )rosperity
and power, and its peaceful condi
tion, both at home and aibroad.
]te sympathises with Cuba, but
maintains the neutrality law.
THE LPATE WAR.
Emerging from a rebelion of gi.
.rantic magnitudo, aided as it was
bytle i3ymailthies and assisitce
of ntionl', with Which we were at
penco, eleven States of the Union
wero, fiur years ago, left without
legal ,State Governments. 'A na
tional debt had bean Contracted;
American commerce was almost
driVen from the seas; the indus.ry
of onehalf of the coulitry had bee)
taken from the cont,rol of the cap
italists, and pIaced wherc all Ia
beCr rightf'ully belongs, ini the Iceep
ing oI the latborer. The work of
restoritng the State Gov'ert nentsL
loyal to the Union, of' )pototing
and fostering free labor, providing
means for' paying the interest oni
the public debt, has received am
ple attention from Congress, al
though yonr efforts have not met
with sucess in all par'ticulars
t.hat might have boeon desired, yet
on the whmole they have boeo nmore
snceeeesj:ul thtan coId( have boon
reasonably anticipa.tedk Seven of
4.hi States which passed the Ordi
nneo of Secession, have been fulily
restored to their places In the Utn
Trhe eighlth, Geor'gia hold an
elcCtiOt% at wvhich shet raItifloid her
aOonati.tution, Roeublicanu in fo,rm,
eni .elected ai G,overnot. Miombers
of Congress, a State fiogislat.ure,
and( ot her officers requtir'ed of t hem
by thomsu by the .Iteconstructioni
Aets of' Congress. Sub IsognonI tly,
however, in v'iolatin of tile con.l
stitution, whiich thley had juat rat
ifiod, as'since decide'd by tile S11
promo Court of' the State, theoy
unseatodl the coloredl members 01
the fiogislature, and admitted to
seats some members who are dis
qualitled by the third clause of
the Fourteenth Amendment, an
atrticle which they thlemselves
d ~ contributed to ratify. Under
esoe circumstatnoos, I wold sutb
mtal to you whether it would not
be wi'so, withoutdelay, to enact a
law authorivzing the ~Qvornor of
Georgitto convene the members
.ot'igtially elected'to the Loegisla
.ture, requirjpg each to take $ho
oath preserilbod by the Reconl,
structionl Aets. anId none to be adh.
mitted who aro ineligible under
tho third clause of the Fourteenth
VfRGINIA, TEXAS, AND MIssIBBIPPI.
At the March term, Congress,
by joint imsolution, authorized the
Executive to order Olectionls in
the States of Virginia, Mississippi,
and Texas, to edbilt thle new
Constitutionapv wbhi ' each ha(
previously framed, to tho people,
and to submit the Constitutions,
either entire or in separate parts,
to be voted upoii at the discretion
of the Executive. Under this an.
thority elections were called. In
Virginia the election took plixc
on the 6th of July. 'Te Govern.
or and Lieutenant Governor eleci
have booi installed. The Legis-.
laturo met and did all required by
the resolution and by all the Ie.
construction Acts of Congress
and abstained from all doubtful
authority. I recommend that hoi
Senittors and Representatives bt
promptly admitted to their seats
and that the State be fully rester
ed to its place in thio falmily o
Among the evils growing out o1
the rebellion, and not yet referre
to, is that of an irredoemable our
roney. It is an evil which I hop(
will receivo your most earnest at.
teition. It is a duty, and one oj
the highest duties of the Govern
ment, to secure to the citizens v
meditun of exchange of fixed, tin
varying valuo. This implies aro
turn to a specie basis, and if nc
substitute for it can be devised, il
should be commenced n6w and
reached at the earliest practicabl<
moment consisteat with a fair re.
gard to the interests of the dobtot
ci ass. Immediaito resuimption, il
practienble, would not be desira
blo. It would compel the debtoi
class to pay beyond their 'on
tr.aets, premiluml on gold at t.h
date of their purchase, and woul
bring batikrnpteY and ruin tt
thousants. Fluctuations, how
evel, in Ihe paper value, of th
men18ro of all Vale gol, is de
trimental to thle interestsoi trad1(o.
It, makes the man of businiess ati
involntilary gambler ; for in all
Sales, when futlure paymi1ent is tI
ie madl, lot partles speculite t"
to what will be the value of tlh
eurr1en1y (6 be paid aid received.
I earnlestly recomn 11c1d to you,
thon, such legislation as will inl
sure a gradual return to speci(
payments, and put an immediatc
Stop to fluctuations in the valut
of emrroney. Tihe methods to so.
cure the former of those resultF
are as nuimerous as speculationf
on political economy.
NAUA T,ILM ON.
The unsettled political condition
of' other countries, less fortunatt
than our own, sometimes inducef
their citizens to com, to the Uni
ted States for the solo purpose o
becoming nattiralized. H)avinu
scureld this they return to theit
native country and reside thr
without disclosintg their change 01
allegitane. '1They accept official
p)ositionls of trust or honor whichi
enn only ho held hv citizens o:
their native lands. TheyQ) jour'n0
utndler passports dlescribhing thena
as suchl citm.ens, and it is onlj
w'hen civil discord, after perhtapi
years of' quiet, threatens their per
sons or their p)roper'ty, or wher
their native Stato drafts them int<
its mtilitary servico, t hat theji
ebango or allegiance is known.
I'Tey reside permanently away
from the Untited States, contribut<
niothuing to its revenues, avoid th<
dluties of citizenship, anid onl3
make thecmselv'es k nown by a (hain
I have dir'ected the dliplomnati<
andI consular oflicoers to scrutizizq
carefully all snch claims of protec
tion. A citizen of' the IUnitet
States, w hether' native or adopted
who dliseharges his dluty3 to hit
country is entitled to i ts complot<
p rotection. W ile I have a voie<
in the directiion of affairs I shal
not L'ontiuOi to imperil this snert'C
right by con ferrintg it upon ficti
tious or fraulen I clai man ts.
Inuvitat io.ns have been Oetedc
to the Cabinets at, London, Paris
Florence, Berlin, Bruissels, thi
Hague, Copenhagen and Stock
hiolmi, to onji owor thei r roprosoen
tatives t, WYashington to simulta
neotisly enter Into negotiation an<
to coJ)Oludo with the United Statea
Conven tion, idonfjoal in form
making uniform re'gulation as t<
the ooigstruction of pairts of vos
sols to be devoted to the use o
emigrant passenCfgers, as to thi
quality andl quantity of' food, as t<
the medical treatment of the nick
and as, to the rules to be obe&rv.
during tho voyage, In ordar to so
curo vedtilation,to promote health,
to provent intrusion, and to pro
tect the females, and providing
for the establishment of tribunals
in the several countries for onfor
cing such regulations by summary
Our manitufactures are increasing
with wonderful rapidity under the
encouramcroent which they now
receive. With the iniprovement
in machinery already effected
and a till increasing, causing
machinery to take the place of
skilled labor to a large extent, oui;
imports of many articles must fall
oil largely within a few years.
Porttunately, too, mani ufhetu res
are not confined to a few localities
as formerly, and it is to be hoped
will become mor-e dilfused, making
the interest in them equal in al
sections. They give employment
and support to hundreds of thous
ands of peoplo at home, and retain
with us the means which other
wise would be shipped abroad.
The extension ot railroads in
Europe and the East is bringing
into competition with our agricul
tural products like producta of
other countries. Se f-interost, if
not self-presurvation, thereforo,
dictates caution against disturbing
any industrial interests of the
country. It teaches also the ne
cessity of looking to other markets
for the sale of our surplus. Our
neighbors South of us. and China
and Japan should rccive our spe
cial attention. It will be the on
deavor of the administration to
cultivato such relations with all
these nations as to entitle us to
their confidence and make it to
their interest as well as to ours to
establish better commercial rela,
TIlE CI.NEsE TUATY-COoLIEs.
Through the ngency of a more
enlightopeed policy th1a' heretofove
pu-sted- towards China-la-goly
(file to the sagacity an1d efforts of
one of ou- own distingilished citi
ze:s-tlhe world is about to com
menco largely-i ncresed relations
with t hat populous and hili herto
exclusi-ve nation. As the Uited
States have been the initiato-s in
this new policy, So they should be
the most eariest inl showing (heir
good fitth in making it a success.
In tIhis coi nect.ion, I advise such
legislation as will for-ever- pt-clude
the enslavement of the Chinese
upon our soil, unde- name of Coo
lies; and also prevent American
vessels from ongaging in the traits
portatiol of Coolies to any coln
try, toler-ating the system. I also
mecommend that, tihe inission to
China be raised to one of the first.
On my assuming the responsi
ble duties of Chief Magistrate of
the United States, it was with the
conviction that tl-ee things wo
essential to its peaco, prospority
and fullest development; first
atmong these is a strict integrity
in fthlfillinig all our- obiligat ions;
second(, to secur-e protection to the1
pers~on and property of the (citi
2.en of the United States, in each
and over-y por-tion of ouri common
country, wher-over- lhe may choose
to move without refer-ence to origi
nal nationality, religioni, color, or
politics, demanding of him only
obedience I.o the laws, and p roper
r iespect for theo rights of others;
Ithimrd, union of all the States, with
Iequal r-ights indestrnectible by any
constitutional means. To0 secure
bte fir-st of theo, Congr-ess has
taken t wo essential steps ; fitrst, in
dleclar-in g by joint resolution, that
the public <I obt shaill bo paid, prinI
eipal and1( inter-est, in coin ; and
scond, by pr-oviding the means
for- pay13ing. Pr-ovidhing the means,
however, conmh1( not sccurec the ob.
ject~ desir-ed withotut a proper ad(
inlistration of the law, fori the
collection of r-evenunes and an econ.
omical disburtsemeont of them. Toi
this subject the Administrattion
has most eat-nest ly addrmessed itself
with, ret-s,Ih ,stseor
-to te country4. Thoere ashboo'n
tie hesitation in changing officials
in order to secture an efficient oxe.
csn ion of theolaws ; sometimes too,
where, in a mere par-ty view, un
desirablo political results wer-e
- likely to follow; nor' any hesitation
- in siustaining efficient officials
- against remonst,rances, wholly po
It may be well to mention hero
-the embarrassment possible to
'arise fr-om lonving on the statuto
books the so-called Tonur-e-of-Of...
flee Acts, and to earnostly r-ecom.
mend their total repeal. It coumld
Inot hmtv h)an the inontin of te
terior and tho Commissioner of
under the prolectioi which they have
,ecoived aro. miaking rapid ptogres in
learning, and no complikint nru lienrd
ofl,t ofI,11nustry on their part whenl they
r(,eive fuir reimunerntluin for their llibor.
The menna provided for paying the lit.
terest on the public debt, w ith till other
UxIeises of the Glovurnment, are imore
than ample. The lose of our cottmerco
Is tho only result of the late rubellion
which has not received anileletint. at
tention frot you. To this subject I
cll your eni nest attention. I will not
nlow suggest plans by Which this oliject
mnily hbe el'Oted, bit, will, If necessary,
mnake it the sul,ject of a specil muessiige
dur1ing the sessimn of Congres4.
To secore the latter, I see but one
way, and that is to authorize the Tirens
ury to redeem its own paper at a fixed
whenever presented, and to withhold
froml circulation till eurrency, so redeemed
until sold igitin for gold. The vast re
sources of the naun, both developed
and uileveloped, ought to make our
credit tie best wi enrth. With a less
burden or taxation than the citizen has
endured for six yeairs past, the entire
public debt could be -Ptid in ten years.
Btt it Is not desirable that the people
should be taxel to pny it in that timlie.
Year by year the ability to pay inerenwes
in ripid ratio ; but the burdeti of inter
est oight to be redticed its rapidly as can
be without at violation of contracts. Tihe
public dubs is represented in great part
by bond, having front five to twenty,
and from ten to forty years to run,
beariig interest at tie rate of six and
five pur cent. respectively. It is o1.
tional with tie Government to pay these
bonds at. any per cent. after the ox
piratian of the last time mentioned upon
their face. The time has already expired
when a great part may be taken up and
is rapidly approaching when till it may
be. It is believed that all which are now
due may be replaced by bonds bearing a
rate of interest not exceeding fout and a
half per ceit., and -is raPidly as the re.
mainder became'due. To accomplish this
It may be necessary to authorize interest
to be pnid at eithet of the three or four of
tie money centres of Europe, or bny any
Assistant ireasurer of the United Statep,
at th. option of the holdor of the bond. I
suggest this sub1ject for the considera
tion of Cotgress, ind also, simultaneous
ly with this, the propriety of redeeming
our currenilcy, sa before suggested,
at its Iouket Itaue at tle t I n e
when the law goes inlto e1ect,
iVreasing the rte nt, which currency
will be bought tindil sold from dly to day
or week to week, lit tle same rate of in
terest its the (joverntmet pnys uion its
bonds, sibject to the tritff, and interiul
taxatiotn, %ill necesmarily receive your
nEnUCTON Or TAX ATION.
The revennes of the country are grent
or than the requirements, and may, with
snfety, be reduced ; but as the fiunding
of the debt in 4 or a 41 per cent. lot
would reduce the annoul current expen
ses largely, thus itfter funding justifying
a greater reduction of tavation than
would ho now expedient, I suggest a
postponement of this question unti tile
next meeting of Congress. It may be
advissble to modify taxation anld (te
tariff in instatces when uijust or burden
some discriminntions nru made by the
present laws, but of n general revision of
laws regulating this subject I recommend
it postpoiement for tle present. I also
suggost a renewal of taxtition on incomes,
bit at at redticed rate, say 3 per cent.,
and ti tax to expire i three years.
Wi th the funtditng of the nationial debt,
ahere sutggested, I feel safe in savinig
thaiit the tiaxes anud revenue fromt imtports
mnytu bei reducctotd fromt sixsty to eighity
tiihonts per~ atntumt at. once, anti nity be
still furthter reduced front yen'r to year as
thie resources of the counttry are dIo.
The report of the Secretary or the
Treaisury showA the receip)ts of thes Gov
crnmuetit for thie fikcal year, endmtg 80th
June, to be $370,t143,747 ; expenditures,
including interest, boutnties, &c., to be
$821,490,l597. The estimates for the en
stuing y'ear tare more1- favorauble to the
Govern menit, and will, no dotubt, show
a much larger decretase of the public
debt. Tfhte receipts in ithe Treasury be.
yond the expenditures have excr eded the
amtount necessary to pla1ce to the ertodit
of a sitikitng C mdt, tas provided by law.
To lcek up the surplus in the Treasury
aind withhold it Ittom circula tiotn wotuld,
letad to such a cotntrattin of cuirretncy as
to crjiple trade atnd seriously allect the
prospeiy of the counatry. Under these
etcumsttances thie Secretary of the
Treaisury3 an itmuyself( hiearti ly concurred
int (lie proptiety of using all the surplus
currency in thi, Treasury ini thei piurchatso
of tdovernmtet honds, thus reducing t.he
ittterest bearing indttebtedniess of the
coutry and or suibmiittinig to Conigress
the question of (lie disposition to be miade
of the bonds so pochlased. The bonds
now held by the Treasury anmount to sov
enty-hive mijllionst, includinig those belong.
ing to the sinkir.g fund. I recormend
that the wvhole be placed to the credit of
the siniking fond.
Your attention is resptectftilly Invited
to the recommtenadationt of the Secretary
of the Treasury for- the cretion of the
olhice of Gommtnissioner of Gustomsi andI
Rtevenno, ftir (lie inicrease of (lie salairy of
curtain) elasses of oIliciatls, and the suzb
stituition of an hiereased National jBanik
circulation to replace ottandinag th ruo
per cent, cer-tilientes, and most especially
to his recommnttdation for the repleal of
lawallowing a share of fines, penalties
anid forfeitures, etc., to ofhicers of Go,
einent or to informers. Thie offiee of
Commtrivsione~,r of fur erital Revonen)~ ja Qn
1iatners of the Constitution, Whon
providilg t hlat appointmento maide
b)- the President ihould receive
the consent, (of tie Solinto that thie
Iitter 811011d have power to retain
in oileo put-sons pliced thero by
ederal uppolltiellnit affaint the
will of th'o Pre8ident, BIo Itw is
inconsistent with a faithful lld
oficeie it, admiinistiation of tho Gov.
Drnmnlt. What faith. cah ) Ex.
3cutivo put in an official forced
uPon him, anold those, too, whom
b1 has suspended for reason? How
will such officials be likely to serve
nlit administration which thoy
know does not, trust them'? For
the second requisite to our growth
aid prlospeiri(y, time and a lirm
but, Imune adminii.stration of ex
istig laws, amended from tinio to
time as they maiuiy be inefroctivo or
prove lasi aind 111n1n18111essary, are
>robably all that, aro requir-ed.
1le thiir,id cannot be attained by
special legislation, but must be ie
grided as fixed by the Constitu
tion itself,and gradually acquiesced
in by the foreo of' public opinion.
From the foundation of the Gov
criment to the present the mlanago
Ient of the original inhabitants
of this continent, the Indians, has
been a subject of embarrassment
and expense, and has beon attead
ed with continous robberies, mur
dors and wars. From my own
experionco upon the frontiers and
in Indian conntries I do -not hold
cither legislation or the conduct of
the whites who come most in con.
tact with the Indians blameless
for those hostilities. The fact
however, cannot be undone, and
tho question must be me as we
nlow find it. I have attoipted it
nlow policy toward thogo wards of
the nation (they cannot be regard
ed in any other light t han as wards)
with fair results, so far as tried3
and which I hope will bo attended
ultimately w i t h great succese.
Tile Society of Friends, as is well
knoln, have succeeded in living
ill pee witl) the In1dianlis in the
eau'13 settlelleit of Pe01nnsylvalnia,
While their- ileiglbors of' the otlier
sects ii Ol her sections were con
stantly embroiled. They are also
known ilo their opposition to all
Stirife, violeneo aind walr, and are
generally noted for their strict inl
togr1ity and fhiri dealinfgs.
These considerations inldliced
me to give the manag.ment of' a
few Reservations of Indians to
them, and to throw tile buiden of
selection of* a'gellt 11ponl the Society
itself. Tho result 1has )rovenil most
satisfactory. It will be found
more fully set forth in the ieport
of tile Coim missioler of I ndiall Af
f'airis. For su pern Itenldents and( In
dian ageits not onl the reseiva
tionls, ollicers of' t he army were se
lected. The Ielsonls for this are
iuilrC1ou1S. When In1dian agents
are scnt there or near thoro, tioops
must be sont also. Thle agent and
tile comnmndear of ti'oops LI iide.
pen-1deint of' each other, Anidi are
sub1)ject to or'der's fromi differ'ent do
partments of' thle Gov'er'nmen t.
The army cilicer holds a posit ion
for lif'e ; the agent, one at, the will
of' the P.resident. The formeri is
persona1illy interested in liv'inig in
halrmonly with thle Indian, and in
estab)lishIing a2 per'manolnt pealce, to
tbe cnd thait somei portioni of' his
lif'e may be spenit withini tihe limits
of civilizod society. The latter'
lhas no0 suchl persoi~O1 initersct,
Aniother' reason is, an economic
0110; and1 still another, the hold
wvhich the Government 1has up)on) a
lf ornicer', to soeur' at faithf'ul djis
char'ge of du'ties in car'ryinig out a
TI.he building of railroads, and
the access t hereby given to all the
agr'iculltur'al and miner'al regions
of the coutirIiy, is i'apidlly brinuginug
civilized settlemien ts inlto conltact,
with all the tribes of' I ndians. No
matter' what ought to be the rela
tions bettwoon such settlements
ando the aborigines, the~ fauct is thecy
do not harm'iionize well. anud 01ne 02'
the (othe 1 has11 to give wayfl iln tihe
endl. A system whlich locks to the
extinIctionl of' a race is too h1)rriible
for a nation to adopt, without en
tailing up1onl itself' the wrath of all
Christendom, and ongender ing in
th10 citizen a djiregar'd for human
life and the rights of others, dan.
gerous to society. I 8ee no0 sub.
stitute for such a system, except
inl placinlg all ?1h0 Indians on large
reser'vattions as r'apidlly as it can be
done, and giving thom absolute
pr'otooti-mI there. As sooni as
they are fitted for it they should be
inducod to talkotheir lands in sever
al ty and to set up Territorial G~ov
er) nents for their own pr1otection.
For full details on this subjetf, I
call your special attention to the
if the most arduous and responsible un.
ler the 0overniment. It falls little short
fa Cabinet position in its importance
md(l its reililiItihilities, and I wouild ask
or It, therefore, such legislation as, In
-our Judgmient, Will pnce the Mlice on a
outing of dignity comnn181rate with its
mIPortance, and with a chianeter and
luiicittion of the class of men required
o lill it properly.
Tho report of the 'oatnuter General
'tiishes n clear anl coiprehensive ex^
blit of tihe optrations of tie poztai tAr.
-ice, and of the liiatitl coiition of
he Postolluee )epirtimlent. The ordi
iry postal revenue for tile year eitding
he 30th June, 189ii.aounted to $ Il,
144,510 i and the expenditures $23.1198,
131. Your attetifion is respectfully
-alle4d to the reotnendation of the
"os-tmanster-Genleral F.oIr athlority to
'1h1ingo the rate of cotiienlsaltioll to the
airin Truiik iil iond lines for their ser
ices in Carrying the mis6i. ; for ha1ving
)ost roite iaps exvlctd ; for reorguni
,ing nlid inereasiig the lilciicucy of' tihe
<pecial agenlcy service ; for, ii ncreasing
tie mail Service oni tie PaMilie, am for
.-Stablishing mail service uider the flag
Af the Uni on the Atlantic And nost
espqecially do I Cll your nitenition to his
recoiienindtioin for te totnl at-11lition
If the franking privilege. This is n
rilluse froin which nIo Ott receives a coml
mensurate aIvantage. It I tdic-4 tihe
receipts of the postal service fron twen.
Ly-five to thirty per cent., and Inrgely
imereases the service to bie performed.
Diiriing ttie year ending the 80th Sep.
teiber, 1800, tihe Patent oliceo isued
13,76t2 putents, and its receipts were
$686,38, being $218,920" itiore than the
TIlE FitE EDHIN- CE.S:NUH.
I would respectfully call your atten.
tion to the recomlienintionl of the Sec
retpiry of the Interior for uniting the du.
ties of supervising the edtcation of
freedmen m ith the oti'er duties devol
ving tpon the Commissioner of Educa.
tion. If it is tihe desire of Congress to
make tie census, which must be taken
during the year 1870, tnore coiplete
atnd perfect than heretofore. I would sug
gest action uiponi any poant that may be
agreed upon, as Congress at the Inst se
xion appoitited ia Coimatittee to take in.
to consideration suh imeasures as tmight
be deemied proper in reference to the
census, and report a plan. I pesist from"
I recomiend to your favorlile con
sideration the cainis of the Agricuiltu.
ril Burentu for ilberil approprintioins.
In a country so diversilled in cliainte
and soil as ours.., find with a1 population
s) largely dependent upon ag-rietilire,
the beiefits that cnnt he contferred by
properly fostering thi, ilurean are in
I desire respectfully to enll tire ntten.
tion of Coigi ess to tile inale(paite sola.
ries of i iiniliuer of lie imost imuportant
oflicers of [he Governlimieit. In this
message I will not enimerato thern. but
will specify only tie JInstices of the So.
premne Gourt. No change has been
made in their salaries for lifteei years.
Within that fimo the labors of tihe Court
have largely increased, and tie expenses
of livi g hiiVe at least dotied diing
the satne itme. Congress has twice
founlid it Itevessary to increase largely
the compensaHtin of its wn mII bers,
and the dity it. owes to ntiothi depart.
ml1ent of tho (;ovelrnmeit deserve't anld
will undoubtedly receive due considert
There are many subjects int n1luded
to in thtis message which m.ightt with
propriety ibe intro'iduced, but II absiain,
b'eliev-ing thant yonr ptIriotism andli states.
n1,nnship1 will Suggest the topics antd tile
legislation miost conducivye to the inter
ests of the whole pteople. Onl miy part,
I ~promis a.(1 r'igid ridherence to thre laws
andi theiir shr ict enfor-emnt.
U. S. GR A NT.
A LEAP FOR LIFE.
A P'ATrEl HoUlisa IUiNT-A FE-At'IR,U
A LT~Ei NAT! VEn-FATri ERt A Ni)ClH I )
D)ASHiED To DIEATH!.
Tfho tele'gratph hasi atlreaidy given
Ihat brf ac(cout t of' a shock inrg ac-.
Uident wh'ich took platce ini Htrook..
lyn, IN. Yi., on SatIn-diay night.
Theim New Ytrk papersI givo us the
:listresisi ng dletilis. 'I'ho house,
whtichl appeaCfrs to harve beeni a fia
Led 0o1e, wastt sitted Ott Furmtarf
itreet, inl BroolynI'. It had
3atut fir in 1865 tand killed fivo
Biremen by its roof' falling 1n, and1(
whien it was b)eing robtuilt feil in
anid killed two worktmon. Tlhme
World of' Sunday gives .ho follow
ig acouni,t of' the fatail fire:
The charnel h10n19 in which the
tratgodcy of yester-day was enne'tod,
tand ~ wich~i tragedy hats heen pro
u-oded by two others evon yet
more terrible, is a large store
houso made tup of Nos. 93 and 05
Furman street. T4h.e house has a
well earned celebrity for ter-rible
scenes. In the dload of Monday
night, the 4th of A pril, 1865, the
building caught fire. Five momn
ber's of the Brooklyn .Fire Do.
patrt1enit, namod Caspar- K. Cam
mneyel', Enigenio atker; Jos. LI.
B)rown, Lowis Gardener and Alex.
BA. Benson, who wore wtorking on
the roof, woro killed by falligrg in.
to the buarniing rtuins WVhen the
house wats being rebuilt the wails
andt( roof again enved in, arnd two
woi-rmon were killori Tfhe 1uild.
ing is four stories high; Looked
at from the front the observdO
sec on cdi6h floor twelve windows
four large and eight sfflifflornrohad
windows, divided into se'i tj
three each, loaving six windoft
on the floor of each separkt4
house. There is no scuttle tjtiougi
the roof leading to the gardoo
above; of course, no windows lp
( he biaelc ; and1(I if the oly stairs in
the building, one running through
No. 93, wore cut away on the seoe
oind or third floor by tire, the oftfi
mode of' egress flor any inihabitant
of (te third floor would be a lea
(hrough tle win1dows, which art
fully fbity Feet from the groundl
A Imd ;hu it was t hat yestordAyf
morning two humia beings woro
killed outriglt, and another fatal
DISCOVEMY O' T1E FlItE.
FiUrma1n btleet is a golitudo.-=
ai4 aing throigh a quarter of' ie
city wlhere, probably,notimorothai
fifty persons h ave occasion to b6'du.
ring the night, it is deserted, and
tihe only sound which often breaks
the still lonl otony is the stagger
ing footfall ofi a drunketi sailor
reeling to his ship after it night'
debauch, tile measured framp of
the police platrol dying thn- Uff inl
the distalne, or the ti1klo of' the
horse-cars usually freighted ivith
the driver and condiictA; ml
around is commerce and that UftP
ly. But not only the honest cony.
merce of, the world, but also the
commorco ill Imun blood. Thig
charred building was occupied by
whit-.lefad manllfetire-rs, and wa#
usod by them as i factory. AnA
lIodding onward to his wor14
t1brough the driz4ing rain, an on
gineer was going to his work.
Passing through Furman street
he saw that No. 93 was on fire
and the fire somed to be in tho
third story. From the fourtJ4
story posons glied Oil him for
holp: "in God's nfime get a fopo
and save uts." Bower fishe to
Iaibeck's dock, which is oppositce
the building, aroused tle watch.
man, bronght a light and returne4
in fivo minuitos. When he ro,
turned, a miaingled dead mant
form was lying against the wa l
of 11ar-beck'i 1tor1e, a laborer;
(111sprdi inl hi" armlls a little child,
all bloody and gasping for life,
and two stalwart mod boro tenl%
dOrly away a bruised, battorod
help of' flesh, whichl was once a
younllg and11 han1dsomo1 woman.
WHO THE VICTIMS WERE.
The bodies which Bowver saw
O0n lis yetir'n, We0'a thiosp of Thom.
as Wallace, his wife Arinie, and
his son thre yeaers and oight
month J old. W allace, who was,
an honest, industrioius .Irishiman,
with his family , oO6ipied tho
whole of' the fourth floor of No.
93, using the front room as a
kitchen, and the rear one as a bed
chamber. Ho iifnfi hbout thirty
five 3ca's ole, of' fine fori and
thee, filir abovo the averago clism.
His wife was sartno yciri younger
and1( had been iopsesn in hr
time, and the child was very hland
some-atl least so far' as a person0h
ca~n jud(ge fr'om thle mangled fea
turesc. W'al lace had hJoon eml
ly3ed as a labor'er, and took care
of' the building, acti1j *as janitor
in consideration of being allowed
to reside there.
THlE D)EATII LEAP.
'While Bower wtas away on his
mlissioni of' help the final act of the
tragedy was brdiiight to a conlil
sion. T1hie fire 'hich, previous to
Bower's departfure, hiad cut away
the stair's (and, thoref'ore, atli hope
of' escape, save by the windowa)
had gr'own in to greater fur'y, the
heat hoamo intense, f,be smoke,
great in volume and dutisity, per
meatedh through the building, and
crept through the dr1ovices of' the
door of theoroom in which,ocrouched
honeath the wtindow-silI, wtith up
hif'ted facos iind clasped hands,
Wallace and his family waited for
p'rmisod subbdor'. None cameo.
The soko rowhenser' ; the poi
80on0u1 miasm1111a blinded them ; t hey
were dlying of su ffocation. A t last
thoir pont up agony broko out.
The fal hor clasped his boy in one
arm, gr'aspIed the hInt window.
frame with the o ther', and with a
fearful cry of "dod in heaveon, help
me," leaped into the astreet.
Thud! Crash! A-a-b! Tho wa~s
dead, and the child nearly the
A moment after the same sounds
werc. hoard, and a few men01 who
had by, this timro gathered around
picked up tho body of the wi
frightfully man gled. Tho bod1ipe
of the father an d son were brought
to tihe doad-honso, but wofo aftor..
war'ds taiken chai'go of' by fiiidag
but Mr's. Wallace, who was llingr,
wvas removed to the hiospita,