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Vol. VIII. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMIBER, 11, 181 -.N. y
.,VERY WEDNESDAY 'oRN1ING,
At Newberry C. H.,
By Thos. P. & R. H. Greneker,
Editors and Proprietors.
Trzems, $s Fzr et ewxA *
Invariably in Advance.
-7 The paper is stopped at the expiration of
, ime ror which it is patd.
:-; The o, mark denotes expiration of sub
All sa114V gathered in
Is Autumn's golden grain;
Row sweet to hear the ringing cheer
That greets the last full wain
We may not even call
An ear of whent our own,
But where's the heart t,.at takes no part
In bailing Harvest Home.
Then let thanksgiving songs
Be o'er the country spread,
To Him to whom the praise belongs
For sending daily bread.
For He whose gracious eye
Has slumbered not nor slept,
Again has sent a rich supply,
And twell His promise kept.
So let thanksgiving songs
Both far and wide be spread,
To Him to whom the praise beloz,gs
For sending daily bread.
From the South Boston Inquirer.
THE DEVIL'S FOOTPRINTS.
BY J. A. JOHNSTONE.
Yes, this is a queer old house,
and there is a story connected
with it, which, perhaps, you would
like to hear. It is a bitter night,
so draw your chair near this crack
ling wood fire, and don't start so
every time old Boreas whistles
through the hall, or sends his imps
to beat tattoo on the window
patnes. Now you look comfortable,
I will begin.
An old gentleman and his two
grand-solls once lived here. sole
survivors of a numerous family.
One was the son of the old mai's
eldest boy. and the other of his
only dauhter. When they were
quite young, they were bright,
handsome lads, and seemed to well
merit the loving pride, with which
their grandflath"er regardted them.
The eldest who was ten years
of age and but six months older
than his cousin. betrayed the
Spanish blood which he derived
from his mother in his clear olive
skin, and dark curling locks ;
w hile the ruddy cheeks, frank blue
eyes. and finely eut lips of the
younger equally denoted the pure
As time passed on, the grandlfa
t her became uneasy at observing
the domineering spir'it of Maurice
the elder, over his cousin William;
and as the latter had no idea of
tamely submitting to imp)osition,
altercations arose, which seriously
alarmed the old gentleman, as he
was anxious to foster a close anti
enduring affection between them.
share everything in common, and
as the school they attended was
some distance from home, he gave
them a pony which one was to
ride a certain part of the way and
thent fatsten to a tree for the other's
benefit. IIe soon found, however,
that when Maurice started first, it
was all ride, and no tie with him.
Thus it was in all things. The
selfishness of Maurice seemed to
grow with his growth, and as the
determination of William was con
stantly opposing it, they became
more and more estranged from
each ot her. The grandfather could
riot help approving many times of
the conduct of Wilham while at
the same time he was compelled
to gravely censure Maurice. This
caused a fierce jealousy to take
possession of the latter, which
planted the seeds of a hatred which
after wards sprung up and bore bit.
The cousins now sought comn
panions to suit their different
tastes. Ma:urice would often be
Sseen on the wharf watching t.he
incoming or outgoing of sonme ship
or else listening to some wonder
I ul sea yarn told by a garrulous
sailor, till he thought it would be
a fine thing to run a way arid push
his own fortune, with no cousin in
the way for a stumbling block. It
follows, of course, that one morn
ing he was missing.
N~o trace of the misguided boy
was discovered up to the death of
the grandfather, who, indignant
at the ungrateful behavior of Mau
rice, left the whole of his estate to
William. The will was opened in
a this very room by the family at.
torney. As he was proceeding to
read it,befo're the assembled friends
and vouthful mourner, a footstep
was~beard in the hall, the door
openIed, and Maurice with sun.
burnt face, and sailor clothing,
stood before them. William start
ed forward to receive him; but
with a cold gesture t he other waved
him back, and motioned the law
ver~ to proceed. As soon ais the~
y 2-outents of the will were known,
a dark frown settled itself upon;
the face of Maurice.
William noticed this, and step
ping to his side, laid his hand on
his shoulder, saying: "Cousin, dc
not think I1 would defraud you o
your rights, In our childhood
we wer~e taught to share alike
and thus it shall be now. In
few days we can arrange every
le thing to our mutual satisfaction
be- We are children no longer ; let ut
Worf ,'ta -t a snch. Will you not be
tily away, muttering something
ab)ut- his cousin "always making
fine speeches when he thought
any one was round to hear them."
William looked hurt.; his face,
flushed, and he seemed ready to
retort ; but with an effort restrain
ed himseif An awkward pause
ensued, and then one by one, the
friends took their departure, and
the cousins were left alone. What
passed between them was never
known ; but it was understood
that some E-ind of a reconeliation
had been effected. They went in
to society together, where Maurice
when he ch-se, made himseit'quite
brilliant. The demon jealousy,
however, was but sleeping. Once
in a while, one might see it flash
ing from his eyes, as he saw that
his cousin was more trusted and
loved than himself.
At 'Jength William brought. a
fitir-haired bride to his home. -
-Never did the house seem so full
of sunshine before. Everything
that was staid and ugly was meta
morphosed beneath her touch;
and it was a delight, to hear her
merry laughter, or sweet singing,
as she passed through the rooms.
Maurice who had ever regarded
woman as a sort of useless crea
tion, betran to notice the uiusual
brightne.ss around him, and in re
lecting on the cause, turned his
eves on his cousin's .vife. Ali
why is it, that some unseen pow.
er seems ever to encourage the
evil within us, impelling us on to
our fate ? Why could not Ma
Iice perceive that it was to the
magical touch of womankind in
general we owe that enjoyment of
cuntort and refinenieni, which
surrounds us, and riot to one in
Every day bright glances were
thrown upon him from those more
brilliant than she,who unconscious
ly opened his eyes to the value of
woman. To him they wereas no
thingin comparisvn. He felt him
self drawn more and more towards
her. She was to hini like a new
volime, whose every page reveals
some unexpected novelties.
In proportion a his love gained
strength, the jealousy of his cous
in reused itself within him: but
this time it was hand in hand with
deceit. He dared not show his
feelings, for to quarrel with Wil
liam would be to banish himself
from her who had become neces
sory to his life aid happiness.
fHe would sit in his room, often,
picturing to himself' what life
might be to him if his cousin did
not exist. To her , ho was the
object, of his unholy passion, he
dared not breathe a word of his
thoughts, for she was purity itself.
and would have scorrie1 him as ho
The young couple occupied the
room over this, opposite which is
a covered stairway, outside the
hiouse, leading directly to the garn
dlen. Maurice had the back room,
and as he sat there one winter
night something like this, when
demons seemn to laugh and shriek
round the house, in a fit of pas
sion, he vowed he wvould sell his
soul to the devil. it' he could rid
himself of his now hated cousin.
His words seemed to be caught
up by a mysterious voice, but he
laughed and shook off the fancy.
Somnetia e after this, William's
wife expressed a desire to visit her
mother who lived a considerable
distance fr'om the city. William
wvas quite willing she should do so
as theire wvas trouble about some
pr'oper'ty belonging to. him, in
what was then the lar west, which
needed his presence, and might
take as long as three months.
When Maur-ice heard of this, be
tossed all night on his pillow, at
the thought of the separation.
At last he started up wildly, lean
ed his head on his hand, an.d thus
remained until the gray light of'
morning stole in upon him.
At breakfast he laughingly said,
"they seemed bent on forcing him
to keep bachelor's quarters ; but
hat he was going to rebel, and
would go to Europe instead."
-'Don't let your roving spir'it catch
you again," said William. "'I
think it has ; but 1 shall chargo
you both with the cause, for I
should .not have thought of it if
you had not spoken of going away
The conversation di'opped, after
some talk of the preparations no
eessary. Mauirice suggested the
propriety of' discharging the ser'
vants and closing the house, as it
was impossible f'or him to tell how
long William might be obligod to
remaimn out west. William ap
proved~ of this, and so the matter
The vessel Maurice engaged pas.
sag"e in, would sail two days bef'ore
W ilim lef't for the West. WiI
Iiamn was' to take his wife to her
mother's, and leaving her there,
would i'each home at ten the next
night, wh ere lie proposed to sleep,
and start fresh again the next
Both Willham and his wife saw
iMaurice off. The ship moved
p)roudly from the whar-f, as if sen.
sible of the cheering of'the thronge
.az.ine aifter her. F'riends strin,
ed their eyes, and waved their 1
handherchiefs till the vessel di- 1
appeared from view ; then they
separated, each going his appoint
Maurice watched the movenen tS
of the pilot, and when his boat i
came alongside to take him ashore,
he quietly stepped into it, as a Ie
turning friend of one of' the pa
The wharf was deserted when
they reached it, but Maurice fold
ed a large cloak about him and
drew his cap over his eyes lest lie
should meet some acquaintance.
He then made his way to a notl
where he was unknown, and wait
ed there until night-fall ; under
cover of which, he returned home
letting himself in with a duplicate
All was cheerless and deserted.
After seeing that everything had
been left secure, he retired to rest;
but in William's room instead of
The next day he busied himself. 1
collecting a number of brieks to-'
guther, and inixinga certain quan- I
tity of mortar, which he carried 1
into a room called the buttery. I
This room had a brick flooring I
with the exception of a square
place in the centre consisting of
wooden planks, covering the open- 1
ing to a long disused dry well.
As these boards were a stein lower I
than the surrounding floor, Wil- 1
liam's wife had often expressed a
desire to have it filled up even
with brieks. in order to make the
room more convenient for use.
William had neglected doing this,
and now Ilaurice proceeded to
take up the boards and examine
the well. le found it to be about
fifteen feet in depth with solid ia- i
Korilly all around.
He remembered his grandfiither I
saying it had been used for the
pu11rpose of preserin g winl ter storeCs]
of perish->le artiices. A ier ex- 1
aminii tbe well,to his satisftct ion,
instead of proceeding with his
work. lie left it as it w%as. and
busied himself with other matters
till night again closed in, and with
it a witches' revel seemed to be
inaugurated ; for the wind howled
round the house, and the rain beat
against the window shutters as if
it would burst them in.
Maurice now lighted a fire in
this very room in which we are
sitting ; he had not lone so before,
lest the neighbors should observe 1
the the smoke risimg from the
chimney. He let the heavy cur
taiis fal befbre the windows, for
fear a ray of light should be seen
from without. He then placed a
light on a stand which lie drew i
near the fire, and also rolled for
ward a lounge.
Then he went to the sideboard
and filling a decanter with wine,
brough t it with glasses, and placed
them on the table. Just here he
seemed to be overcome for the
first time wit.h some inward em o
tion. Leaning his arms on the
man tle with his head resting up-I
on them, he stood gazing a long
time into the fiire. At length he
rousedl himself with ani impaftient
exclamation, and filling a glass
with wine draiik it off at once.
Taking up the other glass lie.
poured into it a snmall portion of a
colorless fluid from a vial which i
he 1eplaced in his pocket. Next|
he lighted a (igar and with a book
in his hand threw himself on the
sofa with his face towards the
dooir. All was silence now save
the crackling of' the fire, and
steady pouiring of the rain.
Time seemed an eternity to
that gloomy watcher, whose ev
ery action up to this time, had
been as coolly performed as if on
ly of' every (lay importance. NOW,
however, when all wvas .prepared.
and lie but awaited his victim,
Nature would have her sway ; and
the battle between right or wrong
Igoing on within him, showed it
sel f in the clammy moisture of his
brow, and alternately quiverin
and coinpressed lips. You will
soon: see which spirit gained the
N%ot long after ten o'clock, a
key tuirned in the lock of' the out
sideoor f'ootsteps moved along
the hall, the door of this room
opened, and William enteired. HIe
started as if' he saw a ghost he.
for'e him ; and wel he might for
did he not believe his cousin to be
tar away on the broad Atlantic?
Maurice broke idhe silence.
"You are startled, no wonder ;
but you nieed not tremble any
longer for I1 am flesh and blood.
You see our vessel sprung a leak
Ijust as we got outside, and as the
car'peniter could not find ik we were
obliged to put back inito por't. As
no other ship was in i'eadiness to
sail. I returned home.'
William endeavored to recover
himiuelf arid greet his cousi.1 pleas
antly, but his fright had almost
unnianned him. "Pour yourself
a glass of wine," said Maurice,
pushing towards him the decan-;
ter, at the same time taking up:
his own glass, which he bad pre-,
Iviously filled. William did so,
drank it to the last drop. and then
seatedlhihself by the fire'
,hanked his cousin For the warm
-eception he had given him. but
aid, "why did you not open tihe
hutters. and put ba-.k he cur
ains ? I woild have been Ie
>ared then to have fomil someiv
)ne here, but never would have
,reamed of its being yourself.
IaUrice replied that lie wishe-d to
;urprise him and did not think of
10s beingo firightenled.
Soon William exclaimed that
ie had never felt so sleepy before
n his life ; Maurice said it was I
>robably the effects of the wi.e
Lnd heat of the fire. and advised
im to lie down oi the lounge for
Lwhile. William comnlied aI
VOS soon asleep. Maurice stood I
)ver him watching him intently.
n about half an hour the muscles
>f the face worked Lnvulsively.
shiver passed through the form
Lnd William was no more for thi,
Maurice left the room, lighted
hree lamps, and placed one i:
he hall, one i,i the stairway, ano
ne in the room with the briek
looring. Returning he attempte<.
.o lift the body, but found himsell
inable to do so. He then placed
us arms under those of the corpse.
Lrid with almost super-humani
trength dragged it acros tht
-oom all through the hall. an;
lown the kitchen stairs; the heavy
)oots on its feet dropping with a
.hug, thIr from stair to stail
Vhieh chilled even the heart of
At length Maurice reached the
>pening to the well, and withoxL11
)ausing to rest, lowered the body
nto it, with a rope he had pre
.aired. Theri replacitg the boarl.
I, filled up the space even with
he flooring with the bricks he
lad brought for the purpose in
fie the renOved all the debris.
>it out the lights and restored]
hem to their plices. Next he
arerily washed the glass Wil
iam had draink from. put it in its
)laCe, half tilled the other with i
vine, cominenced a letter to "M%
Dear Wife," oi it placed a bah
Uil(oked eigar. threw his cloak
ihout him. and glan-ing about tht
-(orn to see if :Jl was as lie wish
:d, his eye fell on the window
,vbere the curtains had fallen
iside and he started back wit.
iorror for he fatncied he saw two
ys glarina at him. He strode
o the window. hut it only threw
iack his own reflet-tion, so lie
turned round and hasti'y left the
Up and v own through tho st reets
IC walk1ad tle remairider of thi
ight, unhieeding the wild storm,
which pdlted against him. but.
ver and anon looking round as
f he f-It again the gaze of those
ycs upon him. In the morning
ec took the first conveyance for
he west, inr his eou siti's namxe, af
.er assuring himself that he' was
xnknownu, and travelled night andi
Jav. until be reached his destina-f
.inn. A rriving there he transact-i
~d his cousin's business, wrote let
ers to the unconscious wire, sute
,essfiully imitating' his victim's
iand writing, and when the sweet
replies came, would smother his
ealousy. wvhiich was not dead yet.
n the thought of how soonl he
would teach that sweet voice to
talk lovingly to) him.
All this took place, you will r
rember, before the day of rail
roads. Maurice busied himself~
biyinlg the swiftest horses lie
sould find and directed them to
be left at certain places until he
shouldI call for them. Tfhus lie es
tablished a direct and rapid line
of commnuication with the nearest
weapo(rt. Ascertainmtg when ai
vessel wvould leave for- Europe, he
calculated his time, and then wirote I
;i letter in a etramped illiterate
style addressed. to the wife of Wil
liam. statin:g that, while out htunt
iig with him, he (thle writei) had
fallen from a precipice and was
crushed to pieces. He had fallen
in such a mannter that it was im
possible tto rec-over- the body. He
h-ad heard thle dieceased1 speak of
his w ife, au.I had mailed letters
for him for- her ; thierefore he
deemined it hxis duity to inform lher
of his tmelanc-hxly end. Such wats
the substance oif the letter'.
(rTo be concluded in our next.)
Thie Chcg -ie hus intdtifnantiv
sque-lc-hes a Cinint:iLj outrt-al ftir dai i ng
to in i nte that B stoti hadt gonie '-head
of' ChIictaZo int I le mu te-r ofC a confl:xera
cthli-h ini the idei of the Cincinnati
perstot chucikling over the thoug~ht thit
some other city has hal a btigger lire
than Ciingo. 'fTc- Pet ty jealo(u-y anid
mtaligntanti but imnpittetnt hi::e Ithait :3reL
coindenrw~d in the above ariicle becomie
all the m:ore riiu!oubus w hen t is c tn
scere-d thait the Bo,toni confl:igrt ;itn
was- not "o.lf-tiI so great an axlfair,
imeas-ured ii any wa'., as the Chicaou
conltttgr:i..n. CTe he:t-r muust still be
the standazrdl of comip;ariion fr calmi;ties
of tii chamracter, just as the energ~y of'
the city in recoverintg fromt the disasteLr
must remain beytindt all compijat ison."
Joiu Strong, of' Wesehester, Pa.,
was hanged the other day, and
smoked his cigar to the fotot of'
the gallows. After lie had fin
Washington, Dec. 2.
The followin s is a synlopis of
the President's mlessag4e, whilih
was received and read at 1:40 p.m.
It corn mence's with a recogni
Lion of the blessings which the
A merican people have enjoyed
the past year, the only ex )eption
bein_- the rreat fire in Boton.
It refers to the Genev:t Arbitra
tion and its satista.-tory results,
which left the two Governments.
America and En-gland, without a
shadow on their friendly relations,
whieb it is hoped may forever re
imlailn unc!lided. It recommends
the ilimmt(diate creation of a board
f commissioners .o decide upon
IhIe amounts to be paid to indus
trials. It compliments Messrs.
Adams and11 Bancroft upon their
iinent services in the matter of
,he Geneva and the San Ju.ai ar
>itrations. Thle deci,ion in the
atter ease leaving- the Urited
StateS for the first time without
toy question as to disputed boun
lit regard to the fisheries, and
0 our relation with the British
North American m ovinCes. Tihe
President Savs that he has r
eived notice tlat the Imperial
Parliament and the Dorni0ion
01vernment had passed laws to
ar the pIrovsiots of the Treaty
>f Wahingto ioti i op-eatioi, and
he, therefore. recommends the
egislation of Cong ress iri the same
firection. Ie speaks of flie friend
1Y relatiois of the United States
with all the Governments of E;i
rope. He refers to the viennia
International Exposition, reemn
mends tle ii".ti p), i of two Na
tional vessels to cNoveY the f0tis
Kif exhibitors to Trie'ste, 0111 sU.
Zests that a propwiztionl be Imlade
to have the next %realt expositin
Im this eotrv in 1876. at the
:ime of tle Centenni1al Celebra
ion in Philade|phia. IIe reiers
to the distmebed condition of Cu
ha. anil says that no advance to
wards pa-it-ialil in that Island
has been mad" -hile the i urree
tion had gaintel no o1vantae(
mnd e!xhibited i. more of thue ele
ients oi power or lrospvc.iv
succee,s than a year ago. Neither
had Spain succeeded in tepresin
the iti.urrection. The partios to
the strife were stalldmn" inl the i
same attitude as ior a long time
past. The coi ti i nat on of slavery
in that Island, he regards a
almotg the strongrest cau-es of the
Conti liancee of tle strife V, an d,1 be
thinks that theabolition of slaverlv
aid the institution of oither rle
ft1o-Is there could not faii to adl
vance the re:,torlatim; of peave anld
,rder. It. was grI tlV to b- hoped
that the present Liberal Govern.
ment of Spain will voltintarily
adopt that view.
Re;er-rig to otur r-elations with
Cina anid J1apant, th le Piresidenlt
recommends:lil provisions for~ main
raininig four A mericean youthbs in
ecah of th ose cO ontries. 0s par~t o
the diplomatic faumily of minis
He gives details of the revenue
received in) the paust year-. and of
the reuc ition to thle amtoun0t of
over $100.00,000) of t he yublic
debt. ile expr-esses a doubt
w hethrci arty fitrthbetr reducit-iOn in
taxation is pr-acticabhe for- the
present. and lie reomminends that
not mor-e legislationi be hadl on that
subject, except to correet ertrors
of 01mission or01 co mm)i ssion itn theC
presenit laws, uintil suflicient time
shall have elapsed to prove that
it c-an be dlone, aiid still leave suif
tic-ient revenue to meet current
epees paIy initer-et Oil the putb
Ice debt, arid pro' v ide for- the Csink
in)g futndh. iIe sugzests, also. that
the curriene-v shall bie as5 soon as
possible brorugh t to a par witrh
gol-d. IIe says that vaionts enter
prises will be b-rught to the at
ten tioni of Contgre-s lotr the cheapj
ening of tranisportationi o) protduce
fritm the West to the Atlantic sea
coia%t, and stuggests t hat stepis
shoulrd be takeni to gain all availa
bile iniformiaticon to intsiure equlitabile
anid judicious legislat ion.
In this connection he r-efers fa
vor-ab!y to) the proposed route I to
coontaI the M ississippi Valey
with the Ar an tic at C ihrlet inc
andl Savanntah by way of1 the Ohiio
arid Tenniessee liivers. also to the
pr-oposed extenisioni of the K ania
wvha acid James Catnal and the
C1esapeake and Ohio Canal and to
the propoJb(sed Carnal aronitid Niag
at-a lFalkli.e says that there
shoutld be an ab cOst coniitinutouis
sy stem of l and Ior-ke navr..ation
fromti Maine to the Golf of Mexico,
nia:ure hiavinig provided a gr-eater
pat of thce r-oute, ando thce ob, La
eIes to b- over-comeI becinag witini
lie 'k ill 01 eng'r iners
He1 c-alis attention t. the weak
ness of the A mer-icant Navy. aind
endorses the r2comm ndatchtion of
the Secrie:ary of the Nay viin that
respect. lie re.comnmendls subisidies
for Steatmship lines to Brazil, and
between San'Fr-anei-co, New Eng
land and A ustr-alia, also an in
ctease of the salaries of heads of
butreaus. lHe fauvors the abolition
of the frankin.g nrivihe-c and re.
commends a iodification of itj
He also recommends the adop
iion by Congres- of the best me
thod of acquirin-g title to all tele
r*aph lines now in operation and
contnecting that service with Pos.
tal service. It is not probable
that the subiet can receive prop
er 1onsidr'ation at this session.
butt he thinks the movement
might be initiated. so that future
a- tion may be had, fair to the
Goverrimient and the private par
He calls attention to the alarni
1og falling off in the American
carrying trades, and says that a
yearly expenditure of five million
d..llars t'>r the next five years to
restore t0hat trade woulid be a
Referrn to the K!i Klux out
rage, the l'resident expresses his
conviction that the timne is not
fiar distant when the obvious ad
vantages oF goot- orde.r and peace
will induce an abandonment of' all
such conibinations. and when it
will be 1inonecCssary to carry on
prosecutions or to inflict punish
ti it in order to protCCt citizeNs
from the lawless doings of such
He makes suggestions in regard
to the Indians, that they shall be
confined to the territory south of
Kansas, and that fIaris be assigned
them in f1ee and in severalty.
He recommends that a further
census be taken in 1875, but that
no reappoininmn,]t u" n!-,mbers of
Conlress be made under it.
In -nly one of tr.e Territories
Utah-is the condition of affairs
retgrardde by the President as un
sat isfactory. It had s!ened to bu
tile policy of the Uta LeislatUre
to evasle all resposib-Jility to the
Government of the United States,
and even to hold a position hostile
le recommends a careful revis
ion of the present laws, and the
enactment of' laws that will secure
peace, the equality ol all citizens
bef 11he law. and the ultivma-e
extillguislilent of poligamy.
He recomimends an appropria
ion to reimburse the City of
Washington for work done in
troi(t of the phlic reservations,
and for the embellishment of the
pubdie bitilding.s and grounds.
H fe favors aeti)in to ,,ire greater
eclat and success to ti. -ervance
of' the Centeiinial anniversary of
A merican independence.
In regard to civil service. he
says he will carry out the rules
durin! his term of office, but stif.
gest- that there should be direct
action of Congress to make the
system hinding nn his successors,
so as to secure to the public ser
vice a practical method of obtain
in faithful and efficicint officers
Tne reading of the message was
eran i)eted at 2:50, having occupied
one hour and ten minutes.
Tais T.tx TO Bis InvzcD AND Tile ITE-s
nmsr ON TiuE BoNs-Trhe recent tax levy
ha:s becen declared uniconsti'utional. It
appears, frein the special teleram to thle
(Curier', pubbish'ed ihis molrning, that
the adonrni,stration toi he inaugutated
prop -ses a tax for State purposes of'
tweV'ei mi! liiio the dollar, exclusive of
the tax for (Coun ty purposes, which is to
he thrlee inmilis mire. No provision is to
be m-ule for the paymientl of' the interest
''n any p.r tio n of the public debt until
it has hbeen a-ce'rtainred by a comifZis.i'on
of citizens, selected irrespectice of poli
ties, whiat pairt of' the debt is legal or ille
gal. Sich a colmnission to ana:il sho'uld
bie selected from lie tamx pay ers, an:d
bhouldr he -ihove sus'picionf or reroaeb.
it shouhi he~ ,-uch a c.o;mi'-ion a- will at
oncei!i:iand the confidence anid assent
oif the wholue Stai'c. The tax of twelve
mii,for 'other than State purpis-es, ap
ipears io us as unne:essariily large. T[he
rlhrv of thce hour: is re'treinchme'nt, re
reinim'. t in the numbiier oif empl!oyeci
arnd ij the longr Sessions and pay of the
rmimbhrs of the General .\-sembhly. 'This
is f the first impo''rtanc'e. The affauirs
ef ihe' Smaie shtu!l Ibe brought as near
:as po:-i ble w itin thl~e .-*Lnel comilpass as
h'-f cre th hite war. Hun rdreds of thocus
ainds of doll a rs non!ldi hs be cut offT
from, uis-leue ad uinne.-eseary annual ex
pene, ihis would utford the highe-t
-ibsantil guara' tee of finranei di andi
honei',t reform.-Chcarle-ton Cuourier.
A Foammov Wm\X~' DEsERTED.
Here's a trueii talc of' woe, all about
a bceaiutiful anid ab)andoneCd wife in
Ne w Yoi'k. She married a w retch
who1( lov~ed her' money riot wisely,
but too wvell. Wheni he got the
money, he loved somebody else.
an<i diepar'tedi for the roiling prai
ries of the West. is earthly pos
sessions were burnt up~ inl the Ci
eago~ fire, and then he came hack
to New Yor'k. arid p)ut up at the
AGtor HouseL, without a cent in his
poc(ket. Remorse seized him-it
must have been remorse-anrd as
ccrtaiingi tihe a'idi'ess of' his law
f'u partner, hle thus wr'ote hiei
-"I am here anid penniless. For
give tile p:ast, and come to my
T1hh, is what she wr-ote back.
'I'll come as sooin as I c'an. Ex
enise delay. I ve gone to have a
loaded head put on the cane you
He didn't wait. Remorse seized
him again and carried him off.
Corn is cheaper than wood for
f-oel in inwa lime kilna
An observer of the oistcr :Iys
he is not as stupid as i, looks.
He can keep his mouth shit. and
thereby defy all our arts to wile a
secret from him. Whet spaLting
time with th- oyster comes, it is
s.Iid to be sick or milky. This
alppoarance is due) to the acenmu
lation of the spat. which is, in the
earlier stages of its development.
o a creamv consistence of color.
When the spat is natural, it as
sitmnes the appearance of the serap
inl o 'a s late pencil the Parent
Oyster then opens its shl1!.
and a kini of mistiness is observ,a
ble in the surrounding water.
Ibis is caused by the myrial-k of
yo(g )ysters sea. .terd in every
d(ir'ct ion. No Sooner ire these
tiln vieatu*cs free r their
mot her-. than they a-sumc the
m'loSt aCtive .tate of life and motion, I
dancing a yrati n g ujp and down
in concentric columns. as mid"its
play in evening sunbeams. Un
der the lens of a microscope you
will see how exquisitely these lit
tle fellows are fashioned. A pair
of tiny shells, the counterpart of'
those of the mature oyster, in
closb the yet rudimentary organs,
while affixed to the mantle is a
kind of tiny coronet, composed of'
minute, hair-ike appendages (ei
lizi.) The violent and ceaseless
vibration of these living paddles
serves to row the infant ovster
rapidly from the place. Should it
become the destiny of one of these
fiaile beings to become a steady.
well-behaved ositer, it finallY
settles itself on some suitable rest
ing place, t which it makes itself
fast-no ove ever clearly know.,
l->w-by the under valve or shell.
Thte bristle-like porWes or Cilia, lio
longer of any utility, disappear,
and now a permanent fixture. the
baby oyster, begins to grow. At
about a fortnight old it is not
much bigger than a fair-sized pin'
head. and at three months about
that of a split pea. Having at
I-ained a year's growth under faIv
01rable condItioins the young ovster
will become as big as an ordinary
half-penny; while at four years
growth they are considered mar
MARRIA6 E AND CELIBACY.
Those dry but useful peoph who
delight in statistics have been in
vestigating the effect of imiarriag
and Celibacy on mortality. They
have demonstrated to their satis
faction the beneficial effect of
marriage upon longevity. The
last person who has devoted his
attention to this subject is M.
l3ertillon. His statistics cover!
the States of France, Holland and
Belgium. According to M. Ber
tillon. between the ages of 20 and
35, out of 1.000 married men
there are 6 deaths; and out of~
1.000 bachelors 10 deaths, and
out of' 1,000 widowers 22 deaths.
Between 30 ansd 35 the deaths in
the san 3 number are: Married
men 7, bachelors 11, and widowers
17. Between 35 and 40 years of'
age the mortality per 1.000 is:
Married men 1. bachelors 13, and
widowers 17. Continuing these
calculations through different se
ries ofycars, the advantage are on
the side of the married men.
\XHIsKEY AND TOBACCO, NO1
CHANGEs IN Exis-rING LAWS -rO BE
PaOosED.-Wash in gton, Novcm -
her 12.-The commissioner of' in
terinal revenue estimates the re
eeipts of the bureau for' the pres
cut fiscal year at $105,000.000,
or $30,000,000 less than last year,
with a national increase an
nunally of' three per cent. Theli
receip)ts of the first quarter were
larger' .than those su bsequently
collIc-ted. being ace uulal iou s on
account of past indebtedness and
other causes. So far as the burean
is aware, both the tobacco and the
sp)irit interests arc satisfied wvith~
the late law of Congress, and there
fore there is no reason to believe
that any modification o1 it will hbe
recommended. unless ini the mian
ncr of administration and reor
ganization of the districts, in or
der to render the system more
compact anti to0 reduce expenses;
nor is it probable the tariff act
will undergo any material change.
IMPORTANCE OF .I}EADING.-No
matter how obscure the position
in life of'an individual, if' he can
mead. he may at will put himself'
in the best society the world has
ever seen. lie may converse with
tihe greatest heroes of the past;
with all the writers in prose and
poetry. He may learn how to
live, how to avoid the errors of
his, prdecessors, and to secure
blessings. present and future, to
himself, He may reside in a de
sert. far away from the habita
tions 01 man ; in solitude, where
no human eye looks upon him
with~ affection 01' interest, where
no human voice cheers him with
the animating tones, if he has
books to read he can never be
alone. He may choose his com
pany, and the subject of' conver-sa
tion, and thus become contented
and happy, intelligent, wise and
Advertisements inserted at the rate of S1 A0
per square-one inch-for fir,t insertion,.aA
$1 for each subsequent insertion. Double
coin mu advertisements ten per cent on above.
Notices of meetings, obituaries and trilut: s
of respect, same rates per square as ordiur.!Y
Special notices in local column 20 cents
Advertisements not marked with the num
ber of insertions will be kept in till forbid
and charged accordingly.
Special contracts made with large adver
ti 1h wi liberal dleductious on above rates
cria P R'p-qzI'a
Don, with Nc-unes, .1d Dispatch.
Th Greenville Railroad Case.
J Bryan has made the foi!owing
dere i the cae of arles Miadsun ani
th r- ., a:i-iners for the invol,,njtary
b::: i f he Geniile and Coitie.
It : be se.n tha. the ssue mie
. te p dings in this case are a Lfui
ht. Whther this couirt haa jzrisdic
i:m, the 5t: te of~ Sant h C: roli nat havi,
iautted pr oceedi:>gaz guarantor upol
the bod ,f the res~pod1tnt, and in the
ate court, under whihi all the proper
17 of th.e corinpany; hUs b'en taken pos
2d. Whether the Greenville and Col.
l I: ai Iind iCoL!,pany is a cOrPor
:> -Q Ject to the provibiots of the
81. WVhether- the interest co)ipon.;
.:re-i fron the han-j are couneneiI
paper, and t' tion raymei.t ther:-f ,.r
four teen d-ys is an act of bankrui-t.
+th. WhehLer the Greevile and Co
lhbi:z Rail:.ad Company was bank
r8pt ad i.sih-r at the time it suferd
judgent to be taken agaia.,t 't by de
5th. Whether being baiik;-upt and in
solvent, the defendent suffered payment
to be taken against it with intent there.
by to give a preference to those credi
tors, or to defeat or delay the operation
of the bankrupt act?
6th. Whether the respondent has suf
fvred its property to be takrn on legal
process with intent thereby to defeat
and deay the opeation of the bankrupt
act in the case of the State ex-ri:latioie,
to- .Aitornev-General, v-. the Greenville
and Columbia Railroad Company?
A., to th' lirst quetjonl, 1 hold Ohat
wha.itver the iiter=st or tien the State
my have i! or upon the propertv cf
thle sid Gre.nviile and Coluiia R:iI.
road Company, it said company .e
b:mk ru t, t i j . iSdiction of the bank -
rupt court Is not aw,ted because the
State i, a C editor.
A- to tie .ccod question, I holl th-:t
ifhe Greenville and Colu-.lbia Railroad,
u-der the act and deci,ions upon the
'act, is a corporati.n subject to the pro
Visi'llis of the bankrupt act.
As t > the thi:d que.stion, I ha)ld that
the intere-t conpons severed from the
b,nds are commercial paper, and if the
Lireenvi'le Railrad were "a banker,
broker, merchant, trader, manufacturer
ar i;nor," the ron-payment of its cou
pons for fourteen days would be an act
of bankruptcy; but as i does not (in -
my opi. ion) fall within any one of these
classe.s, the .penalty for such stoppage
adoes notL a'tach.
As to the fourth ques-tion, (acting in
stead of ajury,) I have not been able to
finda the inasolvency of the company, or
decide that it i- insolvent.
As to the fifth and sixth questions,
not having found the Greenaille and
Columbia Railroad insolvent, it is tun
n:cessary- that I should decide thema.
A young par-soua of the Univer
sal>t faith, many yearts since,
when the Simnon pur~e Universal
ism was pr-eacihed, startled west -
ward to attend a convention of his
brethren in the faith. He took
the prec.aution to carry a phial of
Cay-enne in his pocket, to spr-inkle
his food with as a preventive of
fever and ague.- Tne convention
met, and at dinner a tall Hoosier
observed the parson as he season
ed his meat, and addr-essed him
little o t er re al,foI'
kind o' cur-ious to tr-y it."
"Certainly," return ed the pa
son. '-but you'll find it very pow
erful ; be careful how you use it."
'The Hoosier took tihe proffered
phlial and feeling himself proof
against any quantity of raw wbis
key, thought that he could stand
the "red salt" with impunity, and
accorditngly sprinkled a junk of
beef -ather bountifully with it,
anid forthwith introduced it into
his capacious mouth.
It soon began to take hold. He
shut his eyes and his features be
gan to writhe denoting a very in
harmnonious Condi tion physically.
F-inrally hle could statnd it no lonig
er. He opened his mouth and
--Take a drink of cold water
f-rm thme jug." said the par.-on.
"Will that put it out?'' asked
the martyr, suiting th e action to
In a shor-t time tIhe unfortunate
man begunI to reacover, and turnllingO
to the pasn his eyes yet swim
mIing inl water', a "-Varselit, I bie
"I am." mildly answer-ed the
par-son. Iwn ok5
-Wall, I att nwif you
think it consistent with your be
lief to go about with hell fire in
your breech;es pockets."
A virtuoi-s landll. rd in Louisvili has
just been muleted in a consideraible sum
for turning a yo)urglady traveler away
from his hotel because she was uinac
companied by a ge-ntlemian, the act being
publicly done andl creating considerabie
talk. The youug lady, whose character
was proved to be above reproach, in
censed at the insult brough t suit for defa
muation of character, with the result
.J.sh Bilings, in his directions "Ho0w
to pick out a good boss," says: "Good
bo-ses are skarse, and good men, that
deal in enny kind of bosses, are skarser.
'An honest man iz the noblest work of
God,' this famous saying was written in
great auguish of heart by the late Alex -
ander Pope, just after buying a good
It is said that 875,000,000 worth
of fuel is burned yearly in the Uni
ted States, and $90,000,000 worth
of lumber-ia used in building and