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BRoTicas, LaDIFs asn GE,LFV : On
the 4th day of June, in the year 149, the
Plaski Lod:e of 0.1d Fellows was organized
at this place, by our distinguished friend
and brother, Past Grand Master John
McKenzie, whose presence on this occasion
is a source of much gratification. We are
also delighted to see in our nidst, our
energetic and efficient Grand Master, Thom
as Steen, together with many of our bro
thers from Columbia and Greenville. We
greet them one and all with a hearty wel
conic. This day then is our 24th anniver
sary, and we have met here to begin its
celebration. We are not peculiar in this
respect. In all ages and climes, and among
all people, it is customary to honor and
distinguish the day on which some great
event occurred. Every great association
has periodically, some day of festivity on
which its utembers may assemble, to
strengthen and renew the bonds of fra
ternity. Long continued public anniver
saries are good tests of the success, sin
cerity and praiseworthy ends of those who
participate in -them, for evil organizations
cannot for a great while engage in public
holidays in an enlightened community.
They cannot bear the light of inspection,
nor withstand the itdignation of an insulted
people, because their deeds are evil, and
make them cowards.
We have no such fers. We are here
to-day at the dictates of a natural impulse,
in accordance with a custom honored by
time, having stood the test, backed by an
illustrious history, supported by a strong,
intelligent popular feeling, animated with
just motives, and rejoicing in the contem
plation of a successful past, a happy present,
and the prospects of a glorious future.
But while the best and most intelligent
are in sympathy with us to-day, there are,
nevertheless, many who object to this So
ciety. Some of the objectors are actuated
by candor and good motives, but, I am
sorry to say, the majority censure without
consideration, fully demonstrating the truth,
that i t is far easier to find fault than to do
right. It would be wonderful indeed if
Odd Fellov:ship had no enemies, for what
ever is good and gre..t is always hated by
the low and vicious. Julius Ctesar, one of
the greates t men that ever lived, if not
the greatest, fell under the murderous
knives of envious assassins. The immortal
Wa,.hington had his Alanderers. The
Ghurch itself is not exemnpt from the vile
epi,hets of infidelic scoffers. The fact that
there are enemies to a cause does not
necessarily prove the cause to be unworthy.
Indeed, instead of being an injury, oppo
sition is an advantage, for it shows the true
status of the contending parties. Were
there no dark clouds there would be no
rainbow. The verdant Sprin.g would loso
halt its beauty if there were no hoary win
ters. Flowers are sweetest on cloady days.
Recognizing then that there are opponents
to this Order, ! shall ask your indulgence in
that which to most of you is trite and un
interesting, the answering of some of the
unfounded and frivolous argumenits that are
frequently urged against us. I feel that I
am not presumptuous when I say, that there
is no objection that can be offered against
this institution which will bear a thorough
sifting. The current objections are like wet
sponges that get their weight from bor
rowed water, and can be as easily squeezed
The first to which I direct your attention
is the charge of secrecy. The objectors
say : "Your Society is a secret institution,
and therefore is not worthy of the counte
nance of just and upright men." Strictly
speaking Odd Fel!owship is so-r a secret
Society, for the place of meeting, the time
of meeting, the persons present, the consti
tution and by-laws, and above all, the ob
jects and principles, are known or may be
known to every one. These are the essen
tial elements of secrecy, but this organiza
tion does not wish to conceal them. What
few secrets it has are defensive anid not
aggressive. They violate no right of any
individual or of the community. They
guard the treasury from imposition. They
are the certificates and badges of member
ship, and the recozimendations to the
benevolence of the Order, and, of course,
oniy the initiates have a right to know and
But for the sake of argument we will ad
mit that Odd Fellow.:ip is a. secret organi
zation. Is it wrong?
Now let us analyze the o1.jectionl. It is
either the principle of secrecy that is op.
posed or it is nothing. The principle is
either right or wrong. If it is right, then
surely secrecy can not per se make Odd
Fellowship wrong, if wrong, then whatever
is secret is wroug.
Is the Bible wrong because theze are
sect ets locked up in its sacred folds which
the wisdom of ages has not. reveajed ? Is
Heaven not desirable because it has not
entered the heart of man to conceive its
glory ? Are not His ways past finding out ?
Are there no secrets concerning that
being which is fearfully and wonderfully
made ? Is there nothing concealed beneath
the unifathiomed waters of the ocean?
Has the earth stored away within its rock
ribbed bosom nothing that the searchings
of geologists have failed to disclose ? Is
th.'re no star whose twinkle has never vet
flitted across the telescopic vision of
astronomers ? Yes! and it is well.
View the history of the past, and tell me
it most of the great rmovenients for the
benefaction of mianikind did not commene
under the protecting mantle of secrecy.
In the first ages of Protestantism when
the world was watking uc from its death
like sleep, when the morning star was
heralding a brighter dawn, and the dark
ness of a long night of a thousand years
was gathering in its sable folds at the
magic touch of new born science, thee
secreey was not contemnned. The early
Protestants accepted its protecting arm, and
in caves ad mountain gorges held ti- ir
"devotions. The bulls and anathemas of
'opes could not dislodge them ; the bigotry
ok blind populace could not harm them;
the 'h. of a persecuting priesthood could
not quej their spirit. Within the folds
of this se%~ame secrecy was kindled a
flame that now hights a wo>rld.1
Pardon me for deseending to common
places, but must the stommader of an army
send his antagonist a fail doesription of his
veal the condental miz e ent?
Shall the doctor pullih to the (ommT!:1;itv
the condition of his pntients? 11i; i . rnhr
chant no secret motrk? Must the minister
1e a congregational tattler and tiake known
the confidences of his people? 3lust every
member of a family turn taitor and blab the
secrets of his home? Must a christian when
he prays or gives alms, get up on the Court
House steps and introduce his business with
a stentorian 0. Yes! Must men walk the
stree:s with cards stuck on their backs giv
ing the contents of their wardrobe and the
number of their unpaid bills; or must they
turn their pockets inside out to show an in
quisiti%e world that they have got no money?
If that be the case young ladies will have to
send their love letters unsealed, and directed.
"ro all whom it may concern," so that the
interested parties moay be apprised of the
manoeuverings of Venus. Deliver us from
such a Pandemonium! Yet such is the re
sult-if secrecy be wrong. Consistency thou
art a jewel!
The truth is, that secrecy as a principle is
as nece-sary as its oppo.ite. One is the day,
the other is the night. The latter has its
genial sunshine and gilded clouds, but the
former has its mooa and stars and gentle
zephyrs, and is just as essential in the econ
omy of nature.
The objector now shifts his ground and
says: "I admit that the organization is not
wrong because it is secret, but being secret it
may be subservient to evil purposes. For
instance, it may be used for political pur
pose." Let us examine this. Bear in mind
that those who meet, the time and place of
meeting, the lcws and principles, are in the
knowledge of all. In addition to this I will
state that nothing binds the membership but
moral ties; and ththermore, that the very
moment they engage in political or sectarian
combination they forfeit the very charter
under which they exist. I shall say nothing
of the fact that such a practice is diametrical
ly opposed to each and every principle of the
institution. Now, in the name of common
sense, how can this order be made sub
serient to political purposes, if these things
Moreover, in a Lodge every class and par
ty is represented, therefore it would be a
matter of impossibility to succeed in any
such attempt. The adverse political elements
in every Lodge would frustrate in self
defence any such practice. More than this,
how does it happen that Odd Fellowship has
increased so amazingly in the United States,
the greatest of all countries for political
animosities, and yet remained unshaken and
undisturbed by the defeats and triumphe,
the deaths and rejuvenations of sects and
parties? The answer is, that it is totally
distinct. The storms of political strife never
disturb its pyramidal serenity. But the ob
lection so far as it stands is theory and con
jecture. If the position is tenable, surely the
objector can point to facts, and if there are
no facts to sn4tain his position then the
argument is like "the baseless fabric of a
vision." Now, I defy any man to point to a
single instance in the history of American
Odd Fellowship in which the slightest evi
dence of such a state of corruption can be
found. It is true history furnishes example
of such practice in some societies, but not in
this Order. One, for instance, may point to
the Jacobins of France during the Revolution.
But this is no parallel case. That society
was composed of one party and that was
designedly a political party.
The truth is that there is not a true Odd
Fellow who does not think it base and
traitorous to entertain the thought of such
I pass by the foolish objection to the name
Odd Fellow. It is true. the name might have
been more euphonius (and we regret it is not
so), still the character of its members would
be no better off. You could not make a
watermelon a pumpkin by calling it so.
Gold is gold still even though you call it
brass, and I presume our friends, the Sons of
Temperance and Good Templars would not
exonerate a man because he called the
exhilarating articles bitters or spiked soda.
If one supposes that the term implies that
Odd Fellows are participants in Bacchanalian
revelry he Is egregiously mistaken. Nothing
is more foreign and adverse to the spirit of
genuine Odd Fellowship- Indeed the Order,
is ahead of most institutions in this respect,
for a few years ago the Grand Lodge of the
United States passed a law prohibiting the
use of intoxicating drinks on any occasion
when the regalia are worb, regarding it as
dishonor. While I am on this subject I hope
you will pardon a slight digression. Many
are curious to know the origin of this name.
While it is not known certainly whence it
came, yet there are several speculations on
this subject that are are quite plausibl.
Some say it is a corruption of Ode Fellows,
which name was derived from the practice of
singing odes. Others say it is a corruption
of Hod Fellows, which name was given to
them because they were helpers of the older
craft of Mlasonry. But the most probable
origin is in the convivial practices of those
days in whieh the Order engaged, the name
being chosen as the most attractive to the
people, as indeed It was. (Even the clergy
in those days were convivial). Be It said to
their honor, however, that they never lost
sight of the true object of the association,
mutual protection. The name is retained,
but such conviviality as is incompatible with
decency and propriety is emphatically for
bidden by the laws of the Order as it now is.
Odd Fellowship like every other institution
of intrinsic worth, keeps apace with the
advancing civilization of the world.
Experience reveals the mistakes and de
iciencies of its eairy days, and with sur
prising candor, it acknowledges the former
and remedies the latter.
Another objection is this, "Your Society
will not admit the cripple, the unsound, and
and the poor, who most need your benevo
nce," or in other words, "Your Society
is limited in its operations." This is urged
with a great deal of emphasis, but a hasty
examination will suffice to show its weak
ness. Now suppose the cripple, the unsound,
and those unable to make a living and pay
the dues required of all, were promiscuously
admitted into the Order. You perceive at
once that each Lodge would be composed
almost entirely of those who in no wise help
to increase its funds. These men will con
tinually need the money of the order, and itn
a very short titne the treasury will be com
pletely drained. The whole burden of sup
plying the fund would fall on a fewv of the
nembers, and when their time came to need
assistance there would .be no means.
Furthermore, there is work to he done that
requires energetic men. This would fall
xclusively on the few. What is the sense
hen in a captious and fault-finding world in
odeavoring to make a few men in each
mmt aity support and watch over the
eedy and indigent of that community at a
acrifice, that neither reason, justice nor
norality calls upon them to make. The
>lan proposed would defeat itself. Con
'usion, disaffection, and utter ruin would be
he infallible consequence of such injudicious
idmission. The Odd Fellow pays his tax to
he government for the support of the poor,
nust he in addition to this, with only a few
ithers to aid, biud himself to relieve all the
rants of his community, while the scoffers
objector displays the universal chrity he
- 11r have lii (;rder to d.), I fain wubl
would see it. Suppose a n:in possesC3 a
fortune ofune mi1i'ion of dollars, is it beter
to distribuie it amung the entire populatien
of the earth, giving to each one mill, or to
endow a permanent ins:itution for the edu
cation of the poor, extending its circle of
labor as its means increased? Any sane
man would say the L.atter is far bezer. This
is the plan of Odd Fellowship. It begins at
home of course and muit of right remain
there until its .strength enables it to go forth
and battle with the world of want. The
operation of the Order is circuenwribed only
by its capacity. Its principles and exalted
aims are universal, but its meanus prevent
their universal exercise ,:;,: immediate ac
complishment. It is battling vith want and
poverty, but until the good an' indu:trious
in all climes uffte Tdi- this inigh .y effort, the
enemy, though oft defeated, Yl still remain
The last objection to which I shall direct
your attention is this: "What your Society
claims to be be-ievulence is no benevolence at
all. You give benefits. but the person who re
ceIves them is entitled to them, and has a
right to claim them. It is nothing more than
a business transaction, like a fire or life in
surance." If the objector means that the
giving of benefits is not alms-giviving, he is
eminently correct. We do not claim to be
strictly a charitable institution, and wherein
we claim to be charitable is not based on the
giving of benefits, for we deem it one of the
most admirable traits of our Order, to give
assistance to its members as a matter of right
and not as charity. If the objector means
that there is no benevolence in the Order, in
the proper sense of the word, then he is
wrong. Is it not benevolent to give to thous
ands of suffering humanity millions of
dollars, at a time when assistance is most
needed, even though the money is distributed
as a debt and not as charity? Is there no
benevolence in obligating oneself to render
a brother. aid when needed? If the whole
world entered into a compact to relieve each
other when in want, would there be no
benevolence in the agreement?
But benevolence does not consist entirely
in giving money. Coming from bene and
volo, and meaning "to wish well," it may be
exercised in a thousand ways. Word.,looks,
attentions, all evidence it, and fall upon the
wounded heart-like healing balm. The Odd
Fellows' benevolence does not stop with mon
ey. He is to watch over his brother in life,
warn and protect in danger, succor when in
want, relieve when in distress, comfort when
downcast, counsel when erring. When dis
ease lays its withering hand on his brother'
he is at the bed-side nursing with fraternal
affection. If death come, and it will to all,
the brother is laid in his last resting place by
friendly hands, and with mournful tears.
Benevolence does not stop here, the destitute
survivors of a departed brother's family are
provided for and protected. If this is a
selfish business transaction, then it is a great
pity we have not more seltish business men
in the world. But the benevolence of the
Order is not confined to its membership.
Whenever its means permit, its charity goes
outside, and many a stranger has blessed the
Order for its life-saviug charity.
These are the main objections to this insti
tution, and though briefly and hastily an
swered,as was necessary in the short space of
our address, yet I trust that to the liberal
and thoughtful their fallacy is clearly evident.
Wherein the answers are deficient, it is
attributable to the speaker and not to the
cause he represents. After all, objecting to
anything that has proven itself good is un
christian. The world is wide enough for the
united effort of all, atnd needs that effort
bad enough without wasting time, strength
and unity, in useless, and worse than useless,
What then is this Society, and what arc its
It is a humane and soci.al institution for
mutual improvement and relief. Its central
idea is fraternity. Its teachings and nmo' toes
are Friendship, Love, Truth, Benevolence
and Charity. Its duties are few, but noble
and comprehensive, to visit the sick, relieve
the distressed, to bury the dead, to educate
the orphan, to aid the widow, and to exer
cisc over each other fraternal care and
This is its present status and as civilization
advances, its field is widened, its usefulness
increased and its moral character refined and
elevated. Odd Fellowship is the offspring of
an enlightened age. It is no child of barba
rism, and needs not age to give it dignity,
for its principles are everlasting. Enthusiasm
and a mistaken notion that the mystery of
musty age is necessary to enhance its value,
have led to many far-fetched and unfounded
stories of its gieat antiquity. Some would
have you believe that the institution dates
from the days of Adam and Eve. Some that
it had its origin among the Je wish priesthood.
Some among the Roman soldiers. The H ans,
Goths, Hungarians and Moors, each have it
ascribed to them. But all this is baseless
co'jecare to say the least of it. It is true
secret societies have existed from the earliest
ages down to the present time. Thie Persian
Magi, founded by Zoroaster at least 2,000
years B. C., existed for centuries with its
ries, ceremonies and peculiar modes of in
itiation. The Eleasinian mysteries itntroduced
by Eumolpus at Eleusis, 1356, B. C., had its
gorgeous temples, its dazzling and awe-in
spiring scenes, and profound secrets for 1800
years, when they were abolished by Theodo
sins the Great. The States of ancient Greece,
he Druids of Briton, all had secret associas
tions, doing a great deal of good and a great
deal of hatrm. But Odd Fellowship claims
none of these as ancestry, confident that it
would confer :nore honor th.n it would re
This Order originated in England, it is very
probable, in the first part of the 18th Centu
ry, for the earliest date o.n record concerning
the Order is 17453, at which time it was said
in a Magazitae that it was pleasant to attend
the meetings. In the year 1813, the'Inde
pendent Order of Odd Fellows wvas formed by
a secession of a few Lodges fromn the Union
Order, on account of the excessive convivial
practices of that body. Four years after this,
Thomas Wildey, who is the father of Odd
Fellowship in America, came to this cnun
try, and after several attempts, on the 28th
A pril, 1819, succeeded in getting together
four friends to the cause, viz: John Welch,
.John Duncan, John Cheatham and Richard
lbshworth, and instituted the first success
ful Lodge on this side of the Atlantic, in the
city of Baltimore. Hence, April 26th, 1819,
is the birthday of Odd Fellowship in Ameri
ca. Little did those five zealous advocates,
as they sat in council, on rickety chairs
around an old pine table, in an upper room
in the "Seven Stars," on Second Street in
the city of Baltimore, dream of the mighty
orces they were setting in motion. Little
id they think that they were the Itasca of
be great Mississippi of Odd Fellowship. The
tireamlets, as they issue from the mountain
ide, softly trickle down the rough boulders
ike tear drops on the cheeks of warriors,
prberinig.strength and courage as they creep
uto the sunshine of a new existence,
nurrniug, chattering, dancing, they rattle
>vr glittering pebbles and sp,riukle their
tolden ore. Who now can hush the mur
nur of their voice<, ehcek their course, or
hange teird d.stine '
"A inous.ind riP!s thev leap and shine,
I ;:: clasped in a.' Wi:r:eingt. iw
Th:-v zwell a hundrel to:.ka.
".\ biiic-l brook-. and ;l they run
With ripple, shade unid cleam,
Till clustering all their braids in one
They swell a mighty stream."
So with Odd Fellowship. During the first
decade it was beset with many diftlealties.
Objcctions and prejudices oppoed its Iro
gress, and its work was accompli,hed slowly.
But its mission was of divine origin, and
gathering strength and influence as it strug
gled, it to-day empties into the broad bosom
of society a stream of influences second to
none save the Church and Government.
Strong in resources, great in numbers, noble
in principles, its Lodges and Encampulents
are in almost every State and Territory with
in the borders of this great Republic. Amid
the teeming population of the North, where
the hammer of inanufac. ire s trikes loudest,
the banners of this Order wave proudly over
the heals of a mighty hoat. In the sunny
South, where the pulse of patriotism beats
strongest, the regalia are worn and honored
by an army of firm and spirited advoe-tes.
On the plains of the West ,housands of zeal
ous and gallant bands are bearing its stan
dtrds with shouts of victory and triumph.
Even on the shore of California, whose golden
mines enrich the world, the Order is shed
ding an iniluence that ia the end will far ex
cel its mineral WIalth. Its progress is in ad
vance of the wetward march of civilization.
The woodman's axe ,CrCely lays the forest
low before a band of brothers unite to carry
on the cause of fraternity.
I say nothing of its constantly widening in
fluence beyond the waters. There it is equal
ly great. It is pushing its forces into every
country, and humanizing its people with the
liberal teachings ot' benevolence and fraternl
ty. It takes no philosopher to believe, no
proplet to foretell, that the day is coming
when there will be no land where the tread
of human footsteps is heard, that does not
see, feel, and know the merits of this institu
Such is its success in a little more than
half a century. What good has it done?
Go ask the recipients of its millions of bene
fits. Visit the cemeteries of its dead. Listen
to the glad voices of widows and orphans
left desolate. Go ask the oppressed people
of the Emerald Isle if the hand of the Odd
Fellow was empty when it stretched across
the Atlantic to rescue them from famine. Go
ask the relieved inhabitants of the Sandwich
Islands if the benevolence of the Order is a
farce. The sick have been rescued from un
timely graves. Intemperate men have been
reformed, while thousands of children
throughout the land have been educated antid
placed in lucrative trades and profesions.
When the surging flatnes of fire laid the
devoted city of Chicago low in ashes, and
the wail of a suffering people rent the air
with the cry for help, was the ear of this
organization deaf, and its band empty? No,
in that trial she proved to the world her
sincerity. Various societies responded with
becoming b-neficence. The Masons, Ameri
can Association, Sons of Temperance,.Knights
of Pythias, and Knights Temphir, all to
gether sent the sum of $126,712.00 for the
relief of the sufferers, but Odd Fellowship
towered above all,'and sent the sum of %132,
419.00, making nearly four thousand dollars
more than all the rest. I say this in no spirit
of disparagement. The Chicago Tiines in
speaking of this said: "Societies have crisis
in their history in which to fail is to become
despised. Odd Fellowsh ip in this crisis was on
trial, and not only did it meet the gencial
expectation, but surpassed the hopes of its
most sanguine friends."
These are but the direct and sel'-evident
accomplishmnents of the Order. I have said
nothing of the indirect, moral and preventive
effects. They are silent and invisible forces
whose power is constantly exerted, but
whose presence is not perceived untIl the
work is done. Man's attention is arrested
when the clouds pour their torrents of rain
on the earth, but be does not observe the
wist or refreshing dew. When the lightning
shivers the sturdy oak he is amazed and awe.
stricken at the wonderful exhibition of its
might, but he forgets that the same fluid
permeates all matter, giving life to the body
and beauty to vegetation.
What then, in conclusion, is the secret of
the great success of this institution? I an
swer: It lies 'n the justness of the cause and
the sincerity of the membership, for
Trnth is migh ty and will prevail
The eternal years of God are hers.
Thte Trustees of thte Palmetto Or
phans' Home. located itn Colutmbia,
are gratified in announcing that Mr.
S. IE. Caughman, of Lexington, has
consented to canvass the State in be
half of the above institutioni, and that
he has been appointed a special agent
for this purpose. They deem itunneces
sary to miake any elaborate appeal to
the people of the State in behalf of
this charity. The Home speaks elo
quetntly for itself, when its mission is
The Trustees earnestly commend
Mr. Caugh man to the public, and
trust that his exertions as the agent
of the Palmetto Orphatns' Home may
meet with such a liberal response as
will enable them to place upon a
permanent basis an institution that
addresses itself to the sympathies of ev
ery generous mind.
J. W. PARKER,
Presidetnt Board Trustees.
Carolina Orphan Home, Spar
tanburg C. H., S. C.
Mn. Enj'ront: Permit us to give
notice through your paper, that we
have now several childrein in the Or
phanI Home, and are prepared to re
eive others. Guardians of destitute
children (of the age of ten years atnd
under) are requested to atpply at on1ce;
and itn their applicationts to answer the
following qjuestions :I. What is the
name of the chiild ? 2. What is its
ae ? (Give date of birth. if knouwn.)
3. Are both parents dead ? 4. Is the
child destitute of means of stupport ?
. Is it sound i body atnd mnind ?
All applications must be sent to
Rev. R. C. Oliver, Superintendeitt.
Spartanburg C. HI., S. C., and we will
decide each ease upon its own merits.
A. M. SHIIPP,
JOHN HI. EVINS.
BAxYxAnDs' MUsicAL WonLD for .June is
on our table, and contains a fall and very
interesting report of the great Cincinnati
Mu-.ical Festival, also the usual amount of
musical stories, news, gossip, reviews, &c.
Three pieces of instrutmental music, anda
beautiful new song are given in this number.
which are alone worth thie price of the
Musical World a year. No person interested
i music can afford to be without the Musi
ml World, and the low price at which it is
urnished, (one dollar per annum) brings it
within the reach of all. Specimen copies are
sent to any address ott application to the pub
)9 KWHBKRJT, M. c-,
Weduiesda.,,Ju 8 83
To the exclusion of much of our!
usual variety; we give place this week
to the addrss of our young anid talent
ed fellow-citizci, fra B. JOneu", Esq.
The French National Assembly de
clare by a dc'isive for a Monarchial
form of goverfnment, and the great
President statsusmn. has been forced
to reign. This was accomplished
S.turday. May 27th. One character
istie act of the new body was the seiid
ing a message that Prince Napoleon
The Obsequie% o'f Minister Orr.
The ceremonies in New York on
the 13th are described as imposing
and grand in the extreme. all classes.
the civil and military authorities, with
all the various societies. turning out to
do honor to the remains of the great
dead. The body arrived in Columbia
on Sunday, and was received by the
several comnimittees appointed for the
purpose. and laid in state in the
Hall of the House of Representative.s.
On 1onday morning the casket was
once more taken up.and conveyed to the
(ireenville and Columbia Railroad, and
there turned over to the large com
mittee of gentlemen from Anderson,
at which place the remaihs will lie in
state till Wednesday, when they will
be consigned to their last resting
What the Granges Mean.
The Lawrence (Kansas) Tnibune,
in explanation of what the Granges
"Mr. George Kimball. brotlir of
Samuel Kiimb:dl, of this city, has been
sick and unable to do his farm work
this spring. Seventeen of the Burr
Oak Grangers rigglIed their teams on
Monday, and broke up twenty-seven
acres of ground. and left it ready f.r
planting. There is something practi
cal in that kind of grange work, and
it has a smack of brotherly kinduess
in it that would make most any half
decent man want tj bit a farmer and a
If this is really what they mean, and
we believe it is. the Granges can
lighten the burthen from the heart
and shoulders of 1an1iy a troubld.11 and
Pursuant to call, a number of gen
tlemen met in Mayes & M1artin's Hall.
on Wednesday afternoon last, to con
sider the feasibility of orgaizing a
Home Insuranee (Company. NIr. Thos.
S. Moormian was called to the chair,
and MIr. Thos. F. Greneker requested
to act as Secretary. The meeting be
ing called to order, various gentlemen
expressed their views on this impor
tant and interesting subject, and while
there were differences ot opinion as to
the best plan to be adopted. yet all
were united in expressing a desire for
an association of this kind, which is
clearly evident is of necessity, and
which it is reasonable to suppose must
work to the advantage of those who
now insure heavily, and who see their
monecy go)ing away fromi the place.
After discussion as to different plans,
it was agreed to appoint a committee
of five, to which the Chairman was
subsequently added, to make all ne
cessary and proper enquiries, and sub
mit a report on Wednesday afternoon,
June 25th, at 5 o'clock, at the same
place of meeting. The Committee
consists of MIessrs.,.W. 0. Iaves, 31.
Foot, Wallace Cline. S. P. Boozer, W.
HI. Webb, and Thos. S. Bloormian.
We are pleased to state that the
meeting was respectable in size, and
that, it was one of the most harmonious
and earnmest business meetings we have
ever attended. Th is speaks well for
Death of Judge Wardlaw.
The death of this highly honored
and distingruished citizen and jurist
will be sincerely lamented by the
people at large. Last week we briefly
mentioned his demise, which sad
event occurred at A bbeville on Sunday
morning, the 8th inst., of apoplexy,
and after an illness of only one week.
No man in this State was more gen
erally esteemed for his honored public
services, or his private virtues. The
Charleston New.s & (Courier elves the
following obitnary notite:
".Judge D)avid Louis Wardlaw was
born in Abbeville County, in 1799,J
and was at the time of his death
soveuty-four years old. At an early
ae he entered the South Carolina
College, where he graduated with dhis
tinguished honors. A fter leaving Col
lege, he was admitted to the bar, and
in 1822 attained considerable distinc
tion in the case of Ramnsay vs. M1arsh,I
which arose under the will of Henry
L~aurens, and in which the statute of
uses anid trusts was first construed in
this State. At that time lhe was ai
opartner of the late Giovernor Noble.
[n December. 183. lie was elected1
speaker of the House of Representa
ives. of which he ha:d been a member I
o)r severatl years. and he continued to
erve in this po,sitioin. with distini-<
tuished ability. until D)ecmber 1841.
yhen he was elected to the bench, to:
ucceed Judge Johnson. Iis career I
m the bench is well know in every
>ver a quarter of a C!Itry. and wx*
-Vcr marked hv tlmze eN110blill trait
,f milld :Ind i-tt w ih -: i
nu h to el vat an di am.n i ly ti
udiciay of South (:rolina in the
almy days of her history. In speak
ng of one of his opiiions, an annota
:or to bue of thit, it. editions of
Chancellor Knt njje tIe:-e words:
The opinion of -Ju. ive Wardlaw is
-inu,ularlv learned and interesting ; it
I rema'rkable example of historical
Id lel erudition.' I1v , i n il all
the rclation, 't life, a n: Wan of uni
,werving inteuritv and elevated senti
mient. and by his death has been re
moved ailher one of those land
narks which bind us toz all that isl
good and glorious in the pa.t history
f the State."
The Washington, . C.. Chroiicle
tates by authority that the law does
not and will not. after Junle 30th. re
ruire full prepayment of posta!ge Onl
LII priiitod matter. Transient or uis
cellaneus printed matter must be ful
ly prepaid at the mailing office RegU
lar publications, known as newspapers
or periodicals, may he sent to subscrib
ers now and after the 30th instant un
paid and the postage collected quar
terly of the subscribers. Newspaper
eXJeiDLrS may be prepaid quarterly.
either at the office of mailing or de
The requirement for full prepay
ment on transient printed matter is
statutory. not departmental, and there
fore caliot be abrog-ated by the post
aster-Leneral. It is made the duty
of all 1ostmvasters to collect all defi
Cient postage at the office of delivery,
whether upon letters or printed mat
ter, more or less such matter being in
advertenly transnitted in the mails.
It is not shown that more is collected
at the Washinton office than is legally
due or more than :it other offices, in
proportion to the quanity of such mat
If any statement has been made
that no papers will be sent without
prepayment. then a mistake has been
made, for large numbers are sent
daily to subse'ribers as provided by
This is conclusive, and may be re
lied on by our subscribers. So many
conflicting opinions now prevail in
regard to the new law. particularly its
to the necessity of subscribers paying
in advance at the oflice from which
the paper is sent, that we are pleased
to give the above as authority. The
postage on weeklies to is but five
cents a quarter payable in advance,
aid nlecd only be p:aid quirtnrl y; on
dailies 30) cents. One cent will fully
prepay on any daily or weekly pub
lished in this State.
Offices have been rented in Norfolk
for the New York. Norfolk and Char
leston Railroad C'ompany. and tihe en
gineers and draftsmen are expected to
arrive this week. when the surveys
will he commenced. It is promised
that the road will be running as far as
Goldsboro' the present year.
The Winsboro' News estimates the
cotton crop of Fairfield Count) for the
season just closed at sixteen thousand
bales, and averages the net value of
it at one million dollars.
A very imp)ortant question has been
recently agitated in many quairters.
whose determination directly interests
the planter, and indirectly the entire
people of the South.
The question briefly stated is whethi
er an increased relative production of
cereals is not necessary to the contin
uied prosperity of the cotton producer.
From various portions of Alabama
there came reports of the appearance
>f the caterpillar in considerabe num
bers. Their appearance so early in the
season is exciting considerable alarm,
for it is unusual, and if it should be
come generab might entail a very se
rious loss. If some experienced.
sientifie :u.vamn would devote his at
tention to the habits, causes, and
means of preventing this fearful pest,
suffieently to discover a method of
avoiding its ravages. an immense ser
vice would be rendered the planting
interest of the South1.
The Greenville Mfountaineer, with
all its presses. type, &c.. has been sold
to John C. Baiiley, Esq., of the En.
At a late meeting of thme Boiard of
Trustees of the Laurens & A bbev ille
Iijlroad Com ipany, the following reso
lution~s were adopted:
ReC.solred. Thatt the members of
this Board from G reenville and Lau.
rens Counties be requested to take
the necessary steps in compliance with
the charter of the road, to get thme ques
Lon of a subscription to the capital
tock of the road by the counties.
eities atnd townts along. thle line. toI bel
.iubimit ted to tile voters of said coun
ies. eities and towns.
On mortioan o)f Mr. Earle.
RJe.solc'l. That this Boardj ao into
in election for a Chief Enginm,-r. andI
;hat immediate steps be taken to have
ifull amnd correct survey made of fhe
nountaini portion of the road between<
reenville and Asheville.
Col. J. O. Hudnutt was elected by
R?esored, That Ihe D)irectors residl
ng in each county be constituted a
>ommittee in their respective cotzies
o solicit subscrip,tions for the putrpose
f de'frayinmg the acessary expense oH
lie survey of the mountain portion d
he road; that the subscription thu.
btained shall be credited to the ,sub
ribers as so much cash payment on
.stock subscriptioni. and that theci
unds thus raised shall be received
nd disbursedt by the President of
4O lLL BII A 4,fOI *'I'
No inven ion was evur so import:;nt tt 'he
esident' O' warml climat:s as the V i-:un
>1ind. .\dmitting the :dr atnd a i i 1:ad igh
vhile ke-ping out the tiet and : ilc', the
re ab-,lutel s esnii;al to Ovhe cllroi t ot' our
eetioll. pi the blou,S :i v o o(lr i catt r
re dc.stim:e of these valuabic contrivalices,
hey -hould at unce send their orders to Mr.
I'. T e, Charl.on, S. C. He :n:%es all
he work lie seli, and guaran teeS sat,ction
in all Blind, Doors aud Sash fron iis
aciory. Send for his ptice list. Sent free
June. 1 :2-1In.
From nillow (1SiIl -June), Untitl the 3d day
>f .July, I % ill give :5 cents of every $l
.or:h of goods I sell, to any charitable
urpose the pnrchaser may de:igzate. For
iistance.anyoine bii iing 5 n%orthof goods,
. .-5 of this amount. ill be paid -n the
thi of .1uly to any chari4ablc prpose you
nay desire it to .o 'o. Bacon, ilor, Su
a r, Coffee anl Molasses are excepted. 10
nts on thle ;I.0o will be allo,ved on these
All goods sold at my reghilr retail price.
A Look witlh date of sale, name of per'
on Lu%ing, aioulit bought, and oiject for
,%!Iic!i the mnoney :all be giVen, kept open
br aniy buyer to inspect. Any one buying
under this liberal propo.ion nust pay the
All will ask, why does Marzh.dl make
his proposal? His answer is short, decisive
and to the point: Times are duli, Marshall
)Wes moine and must get it to pay his
lebts or close up ids bu,iiess.
In conclusion, 1 pledge my honor to
'aithfully fulfill this proposal.
L. R. MARSHALL.
-June 18, 24--tf.
1 WILL BUY A GOOD PUMP.
b.L F. MOON.
June 18, 24-tf.
An elegant Album for 25 cents, holdi, g
!4 full sized cards, bounil in full gilit cov,.
Lnd sold at the low price of 25 cents, .uita
>le for the pocket or centre talde. Order
L sample sent by ni.,il, post paid or. r.-eeint
)t 25 cents. :: for t--o cents, or i for $1.
Address, LlMW & C,
Arts Waite Baltimore, Md.
' Ag'nts Wanited(. C;ttlogues of
Blooks, Pictures, &c., sent free.
-June 18, 24-2t.
Commencement Exercises of Wofford
College, Spartanburg, S. C.
LLgA*r _ "WMf T T?.ii' j
tPENiLLE. .15i ('oi.l'unA R. R. Co,
Cor.L'.ini., S. C., Jiine 12, 187..
ROI-ND ThRIP1 TICKETS will be sold at
he Ticket Oflice of ibis Road at Columbhia,
:ommeiineintg on S.\TL'I)DAY, the 21st in
tant, anid conitinuin'. until WE' 'NFESDAY,
he 25th i'astant, inclusive, for Ml;25 for the
R01'3D TRIP: goodl to return until S.tT
URD.WY, the 28th inistant. Special ar
'anigemenczts w'ill be made to avoid delay at
Ak.ton, otn the return of visitors.
June 18, 24-I-t.
[\ il B y G odPump.
June 18, 24-tf.
Furman University and Fema'e
ercises.---GreenillIe, S. C.
Gr.1r:~i:.mu: ANti Cor.CMDAt R. R. Co.,
DU1RING~ the. week, commueeing on the
16th instatnt, persons visiting Greenville
rout the different statiotns on the line of
his road will be per mittedl to go and return
?or one fare for.te IOUNI> TRIIP. Tickets
mist be procur.'d at the Ticket Oillice., and
hose purchasiing Ti-kets w ill inform thc
Agent at the o flice where the Tick~ets are
purchased that they are going to attend the
;ommieecmentt, w ho will issue ret urn
l'ickets. Those paving their fare on the
:ars wIll not be entitled to this privilege.
Ticke't.i will be good to return until SAT
LRDAY, the 21st instant.
June 18, 2'-lt.
The subscriber is pr epared to furnish antd
'ut in P'umps, at pt-ices ranuginig fronm .10
aid upwards, andii whicb lhe will gnat anttee
;o give saisfaction. It is well known that
water raised by a pumtp coms from the
mottom of the well, and, unlike thtat drawn
n, buckets is cool, antd another desidleratumt
, that this piump ean be worked by a Iire
r'ear old child, without any daniger of fall
nig into the well anid being drowned. I
turnish different kinds of' pumps and will
rimg them to your doors, so get your catsh
n readiness if .ion want a good Pump, atnd
he cheapest ever sold in this couintrv. The
~itizens of Lau re-ns, Edgefie'ld, Abbevill.',
sparitanbuirg, Union and other Coun:ties,
a ill also have ant opportunity of being~ stip
liedI with my Piumps.
Jutne 18, 24--tf'. F"RANK MO00'.
Where to Spend the
(hL.;N BSunNs, St'n-raNnt:nG Co , S. (C.
TIllS Celceb'ated, Watering Pl:ce will
>peni for Visitors thei I10th DAY (IF .1 INE,
tmde'r the~ iitnagementut of IR. SllGGCt, latc
>f Chatrleston, ant experieniced caterer and
lotel keeper. Ileing situateid in the Nor
hern par t oft lie Statre, ini a sect ion remar:uk
hIle for its delightfu'tl climate, beatuty, and]
i,a:lthIifulte.-s, this, togethut' with tihe vir
oes of the waters, make it otte of' th1e most
lesirable Watering Places for all whose
ondiiiott eatt be itmprovleid by the s'ahts:ions
haracter of a.ty water. Great paii.s "-ill
ec taken to provide for thie convenience andl
omtfort of guests. Table sut' plied with the
est the markets afford. Good Munsie "i!l
ec in attendance to entlivent the Ball IRoom.
'ancv !Balls d urintg tIhe season. Te.n Pit,
Llley, Croquiet, Bagate~lle, and Bi!!iards for
he amui,semient of gtuest..
Ubiarges per day, $2.o ; per weekI, Si
er' month, 835. Got:u.s to re'tt
Conveyances daily fromt Jone,sville', after
-I m D- l"O' LER, P'roprietor.
JIune 4, 22-lm.
Will Buy a lod up.
Dryi GJoods IC4w .
This is Positive!
AT 0(i ! IT (008T
M. NATHAN &SON
Are iiafer the r 2ntire1tek uf
jRY ( ; 001-)<.
AT COST FOR CASH,
TO MAKE A CIANGE IN TIER EL':zj
Great Bargains in
Cioke and 6lass r,
This line is in great varietv,
And Prices )"uprecedented!
I: you r,,ally need a bargain in the above
lin, or in anydhing (l1e, call at once onl
M. N.ATAN & SON.
May 2, al-:;mi.
G 0008 L0098
P~Os~A CHY OODlS!
And 25 Per Cent. Less
At the Four Mile House
Than at Any Other Store.
I h.ave in stoio, and still receivinz, my
Silnjier Stock ct* Goods, which coni.:ts of
cv-ry article uniua|1y kelt in firet class
stores. The ll -I cot:on can"ed a propor
tionate fall in goods.; this w:s taken advan
tage of, cG o enly I a. ab: to biv at
unprece-dentedly low priceg, tnd can therc
fore sell correspol"inigly lo%%. In the meanl
time I do not adverti-e to :ell at suall pro
fits above eo-t and quick saleS, as other
tmrchanit do, but I propose to adt w i st11
at 25 per ceit. less than tley do, and thei
m.1ke good profi"s. for I do not believe in
s.1"nll without profit. I do 1o such busi
eSS. I nold have riv custol"ers kn1tow
that ti ecet of a metchiat's success lias
in his knowing when to buy and how to
buy, for Lhe mioneyv is made in; se!--lqin L'S
stock. Dibd you ever think of this ? I ha% e
stualted th.e secret, and solved the prolAvi,
not only to iy otn :atisacti4on, Iiat to that
of the buying pub!ie. D youn i.-h Uargairis,
therefore, C on:e ao ,L :at nIce and14 m:1kk'
your purchases at the Fur il llou:e, and
save nt!iev. I don't w"nt any (1on tOLie,
however, uithot monoe in their purses.
All kinds or couit:y produce bought at
igihAlst market prices.
J1. P. KINA RD,
J;ne 11, 2:-,-t Four I:He HIouse.
Most Wonderful Invention
OF THE ACE.
J. Moses Elcetro-Galvanie, Pat. Junie 2d, '68.
Arnacbed to theCSe pateted Sp.'ctaces
are two scienrtifically constructed Glvanric
liatte'ries- unrseen whien worn-deliverinig
throrugh tihe erive s of the~ had
A Soft and Continuous Stream of Electricity,
\'it ali/.ingaiand :iving" lhea:Ihy action to rhe
eer e ah b'anit ul syse ofrr 0 those parts. AB.
0 "TEL.Y and (ETA INLY CURING
P'arri 'aPralysir- of thre Optic Nerve, Weak
or D) a'ased Yi ion, Nuralgia ot' the Hlea
or ree, Nerv~ous Twitchies in the Mutsei
of. tire Face, Noise in the head, Loss
\lental F.nergy, and a bcst of Neivous D'
ea.se ariling farom depressiona of the inervouts
enri of''. th? e systeml.
(onatriiautinig inl a rrost astonishing de
LIFE, VIGOR AM) HEALTiI,
By' thIe rmeanis of thae sof t atnd flowinrg stream
of'Electricity, giving brighrtress to tire Eye,
qulickness~ to thae Fa', andi energy to the
Th'1ey are set wih lenses of the finest
rmanufiactaure, to sn it l sightis, anad with
glasses for those naot r.ox-dingz Spectacles to
read n iti. , but desirin;. rthe benaefits to be,
derived fr'om wearing the Batteries; and
arc to be had ill this v'icinrity oinly of
JO HN F. SP ECK,
Watchmaker and Jeweler'
D)ealer Ii Watches, Clocks. Jaawelry,
Silver an.! Plated War e,
NEW'BERliiY, S. C.
Sorne are Genine unrless eachI pair'stamiped
3. MUSES' ELECTRIO-GALVANIC,
Patented June 2ed, 18t'S.
Auctioneering and Comissio3
B usi ness.
I have dete'rnined to give the above
buin~ress mly time -md chose attenition, and:
as our inliand town is growing falst infbsl
ness,and is becorming one of'thae best places
this side of New York to sell ali kinds of
goods, I wish thit every persoun itn the Uni
ted States who has goods to sell or any
kind of paroduce to ship to a good mrarket
woutldl try rre on commrrission, as I thinkI
will be able to rakde tire sender money, and
mlearrtimre makle sorme for mnysefl. I would
like thre paipers to copf'this no0tice free of
charge, as it might be possible that the pa
pe'rs publishing this notice woo!ift-of
great benefit to their city or town or COun
ty, asi it woruld enable people to finad or,
'a h -r to get a good mairket to senrd ther.
goods to sr'll. The city (of Newberry i
sitriatcd in the cetr of tire State, and .en
roundlaed by rthe fitamous cOorio belt Tie
elimlate is 'very sulperior for coton-neC
he't ter inr te w1hale cotton 'oa:ntry. We
nerMi f'.ail int miaingt a eood cottOn crop..
Ouar city' bltyS tr 5an hbout 25,000 bal'
oft theC best cot ton that is ma:de in
Naouth; andl whatadids to orar city isp
wheni strangers enomre here they c:rn #vays
::et someth.in:: gzo to e.at at Col. Po'tfs
hot el. I have tra vtel and been abiaoet
Jvert thhaS conitneru, ad always 'maade it a
rule tal silp at the btesrt-lote!s I col' findl,
lila nione he'ats Pool's hotel for.;Zood eat
As regaardis myL hu-ines capacity as an
Auctioneer, I eould,. give hutndreds of good
rman in our State as reference, bitt it will
ouly be nlecessary to tamte one of the best
mien of our city-I,obert McCaurghrin,
Pre,identt of Nationi! Bank, City of New
berry S. (.
dolhN P. KINA RD.
Strtayed (I om the Ousc ig
(Th-ti's phain tation, onI
rope. There is n.
Arny one fridin gt A .
her to melt will Jo
nforartion wl %~ trtA
June 11J4 er