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A Family Compaition, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vo. X. WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 2, 1874- o 16
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THE CLOSING SCENE.
BT T. BUCHANAC READ.
IThe following is announced by the West
i"er Review the finest American poem
Within the sober realms of leafless trees,
The russet'year inhaled the dreamy air,
Like some tanned ieaper in his hour of ease;
When all the fields are lying brown and
The gray barns, looking from their hazy,
O'er the dan waters widening in the vales,
Sent down the air a greeting to the mills,
On the dull thunder of alternate falls.
All sights were mellowed, and all sounds sub
The hills seemed further and the streams
Aq in a dream, the distant woodman hewed
is winter log with many a muffled blow.
The eribattled forests, erewhile armed with
Their banners bright with every martial
Now stood like some sad beaten hosts of old,
Withdrawn afar in Time's remotest blue.
On sombre wings the vulture tried his flight:
The dove searce heard his sighing mate's
A igJ5like. a star slow drowuing in the ligh t,
The village Church vane seemed to pale
Where erst the jay within the clim's tall crest
M3 de'garrulous trouble round her unfledged
And where the oriole hung her swaying
By every light wind like a censer swung:
Where sang the noisy martins of the eaves,
The busy swallows circling ever near
Foreboding, as the rustic mind believes,
An early harvest and a plenteous year;
Where every bird that waked the vernal
Shook the sweet slumber from its wing at
'To wa..rn thie reatper of the rosy East,
Ali now was sunless, empty and forlorn.
Alone, from out the stubble, piped the quail;
And croaked the crow through all the dreary
Alone, the pheasant, drumming in the vale,
Made echo in the distant cottage loomi.
There was no bud, no bloom upon thme bow
The spiders moved their thin shirouds night
by night ;
Thestbistle-down, the only ghost of flowers,
Sailed slowly by-passed noiselessly out of
Amid all this-the centre of the scene,
The white-haired matron, with monotonous
Piied the swift wheel, and with her joyous
Sat !ike a fate. -d wate' ed the flying
She had known sorrow-lhe had walked with
Oft supped, and broke with her the ashen
And in the dead leaves still she heard the
Of his thick mantle trailing in the dust.
While yet her cheek was bright with sum
Her country summoned and she gave her
And t wice war bowed to herbhis sable plume
Re-gave the sword to rust upon the wail.
Re-g'ave the sword, bnt not the hand that
And struck for liberty the dy ing blow;
Nor hiim who, to his sire and country true,
Fell 'mid the ranks of the invading foe.
Long, but not loud, the droning wheel went
Like the low murmur of a hive at noon;
Long, but no: loud, the memory of the gone
Brea:hed through her lips a sad and trem
.Atlast the thread was snapped-her head was
L!fe dropped the distaff through her hands
And lovinrg rneighbors smooth her careful
ndpdeath and winter closed the autumn
[ From the New Orleans Timnes.J
GURIOSITPIES OF MtY OFFI6E,
There is something very inex
plicable about "offices." You can
never more than half persuade
people that they are really places
of business. A mnill, a factory, or!
az warehouse is thought a spot
wher~e .timc is of value, and into
which perPso.s ought nlot to in
trade. An office is ner'er so re
?sill.give one or two of my
own experiences. The first is a
very recent one :
"Sir," said a tail, thin mant, clad
in a worn. very shining garb, sud
denly appearing in the room, "I
have called to lay before you one
of t-he most astonishing inventions
of modern times." They all be-~
gi nsome such imp iressive way
as that. "A gas-burner. sir."I
was busy arranging some papers
in a stand-up desk, in a corner.
asd- hiaving both hands full, with
a pen held crossways in my mouth,
I was for the moment quite at his
"Perhaps, sir, you are not aware
that in the case of every kind of
burner but this I now show you
gas gives oe a most noxious efflu
vium. having a peculiarly ruinous
efteet upon tne eyesight." By
this time I.bad emptied my bands
ful horror, "Heaven help us, sir."
he exclaimed, "how you have suf
fered already ! Your sight, sir,
would not last six months longer.
This must not be."
Before I could say a word or
lift a finger to stop him, he r3pid
ly glided past me to the table on
which the lamp stood. With a
nimbleness which rooted me to
the spot in apprehension, he wbip
ped off the shade, then the old
burner. In one minute the lamp
was a ruin. "It is a mercy of Pro.
vidence, sir, that I have happened
"Stop !" I called. "Replace av
erythiug as it was instantly."
"The number of cases of prema
ture blindness," he calin ly proceed
ed, "that I have had the gratifica
tion of preventing, makes my la
bor a most pleasant one."
"Thinking he might be deaf, I
bawled "I don't want your burn
er I won't have it. Take it off."
For he was twirling the new one
in its place.
"There, sir, you will feel thank
ful to me as long as you live ! The
only thing that troubles me in the
matter is I know I am rImuining the
spectaclc-ma k ers."
"IDo you hear?" I asked, "I
shall not pay you for it."
Re struck a very effective atti
tune. "Payment! Of what con
sequence is that ? I could not
remove that inestimable burner
for any amount of money, when
the alternative is the ruin of Your
valuable eyesight. No, sir; your
eyes are worth many valuable
barners. I make you a present
of it willingly. I am a poor man,
under heavy travelling expenses,
and I have a family in want." ie
sighed. "But duty shall be done.
The price is twenty cents. I
know you will regret this momen
tary harshness in the long years
to come, when you are enjoying
the benefits of that burner. But
that is not my affair, thongh I am
sorry to think of it. Good morning.
sir. If at any time, no matter af
ter bow long an interval, by some
inconceivable accident anything
should become out of order in it,
you will find the name of the
manufaLcturer stamped on the side.
Be good enough to drop a line to
their well known house at Phila
delphia, and- a man will instantlIy
be sent to attend to it."
"I was beaten. This offer to
send a man from Philadelphia to
New York, after the lapse of years.
to put a gratuitously bestowed1
gas-burner to rights, was too
much for me. I1 had- to make a
Your exp)erience of visitors in
an office, however, is not always
so light a character- as this. In
my younger days I had one of
quite a different sort.
It was past the dusk of a gloomy
winter's day. The inner door
somehow abruptly o pe ne d; I
thought by the wind. But in a
moment I was undeceived. A
ghastly-looking elderly man ap
peared in the apert.ure. What J
had thought was the noise of a
gust of wind, ,vas a heavy groan
that had burst fromi his labor-ing
bosom. It was repeated, as he
"Don't distur-b yourself, sir," he
faltered. "This is a liberty, I
know, but necessity has no choice.1
I have found this world too hard
a p)lace ; I can bear it no longer.
In a perfect stranger such as I am.
this may seem presumptuous; but
ever-y one has a privilege in his
last moments. 1 regret to dis
turb one who evidently has a feel
ing heart." He staggered a pace
aside laying hold of the mantel
p)iece to steady himself. "Fifty
cents would have postponed it in
definitely, but I find that even so
small a sum is hopeless. I have
ventured to come here, sir, to die"
looking fr-om one to another of~
two chairs to see which would
best suit his purpose. He select
ed the one to the left hand, sink
ing slowly into it, becoming paler
I was horrified. No doubt the
man had taken poison. A view of1
the coroner's inauest started before
me ; the body would most likely
bare to remain there upon my
premiises till the inquiry was held.
It was awful. "Rally yourself."
I said ;"a doctor shall be sent for."
His voice gre ' fain ter. "A t N o.
13 Mechanics' alley you will find
four- small children ; I commend
them to you. They have no mo
ther; I wish they were more
grown up fo:-your sake." In a still
weaker tone he murmured. "Fif
ty cents would have saved all this."
My hair stood on end. Four
small children added to the cor
oner's inquest overwhelmed me.
"Don't die," I frantically urged ;
"I will see what can be done for
"I knew you wore a man of a
feeling heart," he softly muttered;
"but it is too late. I only hope
that my sudden departure here,
under mysterious circumstances,
may not bring you into suspicion,
The world judges harshly."
A cold sweat bedewed me. In
addition to a coroner's inquest and
four orphan children a charge of
murder was possible! "HIere is
the money," I gasped, thrusting
fifty cents into his hand. He re
vived a little. Opening the cor
ner of one eye lie said: "Could von
make it seventy-five cents, aid
earn my life-long gratitude ?"
About nine months afterward.
no doubt led astray by the fact
of my humble premises being ap
proachable bt passages leadin.
out of two different streets, the
same visitor came there to die
I heard his preliminary state
rment, then I said : "By all means.
I have a friend, a doctor, who
wishes for a subject on which to
try a new surgical experiment. It
is very fortunate. Pray, proceed
and don't linger." He did not.
11astily replacing his hat, he
reached the door in two of the
iost vigorou.s strides I ever wit
nessed ; but in the doorway he
paused. "It is the last favor 1
shall ask of you," he tremblinglyo
said, with solemn earnestness
gleaming in his eyes; "but will
you kindly tell me whether I have
operated on you before ?" I as
sured him that he had. le bright
ened instantly as lie replied :
"You have relieved my heart,
sir. The thing has never yet
failed, but I thought it had at
iast. In thiat case I ehould have
been a ruined man." He re
spectfully bowed and vanished
from the doorway.
IFoR TM; HERALD.
PIRONPIECTS OF PROTEST
(Condens& fromn the southern Review.)
lie we reading m:Lkes one iisefid. a he
u ies and( better citizen.
1d Vet We have often thought that'
II not anwe Sociti's wouild b l reatlY
r not. in their work of reformati-n if
neih a a gotod library atlhhed to it.
imake Our 1Templeranee ()nh-rs go to u
eserv-e establish libraries. They need
g on that the investmenClt will nott pa
Sdele- premius in the way of b)ettr' lit
in the hiearts.
"All's wel that ends well." Sou bu
eiding lace Shoe at l'bifrn.
ys Sent of Newbecrry awodivorc
t,all Burton Planter oll'eredOt von by
Uates, and for sale in this town
J' A. G4. Mayvhin, is; anl imph-mlentl]
.j* you should by allmaspe
14 self of. It will save time, mon01
tience, and give von a rea-ter
olii~f sattisfacti On tha:n anyit hing else
now thin k of. IBny one ifyou liar
Berlin .i a subscription to raise th. ii
'.We know a hank where ont
eg tarmy at that early age, but it
hesitated not to begin that war with
allpowerful Rome, which, every
year assuming greater proportions,
has continued even down to the
From a Protestant stand-point,
chief among the enemies of his
Lord, rises the blood-stained fabric
of the Roman Hierarchy, in which
hie beholds the beast drunk with
the blood of the saints, the u sca
lyptic Babylon, and the mother of
Harlots. Next among these ene
mies there rises the many headed
form of Infidelity, whose aims tend
to subvert society, and to pull down
all governments, and then reduce
man to his savage state, extinguish
the light of 2,000 years, and cutting
the world loose from its ancient
moorings, send it a forsaken and fa
therless orb drifting through the
dark abyss of eternity.
In order to understand rightly
the position of Popery in this con
test we must have some idea of
what it is, especially some knowl
edge of its distinguishing dogmas.
The Infallibility of the Roman
Church has long been one of its fun
damental tenets ; but whether this
privilege rested solely in the Pope,
or iu a General Council, has always
been an unsettled question among
Papists themselves. The Vatican
Council, however, assembled in
1870. decreed that this wonderful
function rested in the Pope. Now,
if the present Pope be infallible, all
his predecessors must have been:
therefore the Coneil had the ef
frontery to stand up before the civ
ilized world and proclaim that men
whom all the world know to have
been sensualists and murderers,
were guided in all their judgments
and decisions by the unerring Spirit
We might have expected nothing
else from Spanish, Italian or Aus
trian Catholics. but when we saw
Englishmen and Americans-men
whose very instincts ought to have
told them better-aiding the cun
ning Jesuit in promulgating a de
cree, the tendency of which is to
subvert all liberty, whether civil or
religious, we had a feeling very
much akin to that which must have
agitated the breasts of the comrades
of Arnold when they first learned
Another essential doctrine of Po
pery is the isupreiacy of the Pope,
which means that the Bishop of
Rome has power and jurisdiction
over all Christians.
The Church of Rome also anathe
matizes all who deny the doctrine
of merits, which is, that the good
works of justified persons are in
themselves meritorious, and deser
ving of eternal life. The Papists
distinguish between venial and mor
tal sin: the first to be expiated by
the pains of purgatory, while the
second they regard as unpardona
ble, unless confessed to a priest,
and the penance which he imposes
be performed for them.
The celibacy of the clergy is ano
ther article which has been authori
tatively enjoined by the Church of
Rome since about the year 1074.
Again it was decreed by the com
cil of Trent that "all bishops and
pastors do diligently instruct their
flocks that it is good and profitable
to desire the intercession of saints
reigning with Christ in Heaven."
Lastly, the Church of Rome
maintains that unwritten traditions
ought to be added to the Scriptures,
in order to supply what defects
they may contain, and, of course, to
be regarded as of equal authority.
Protestants and Romanists are
again separated as wide as the poles.
by the Spirit which animates each.
Protestantism desires to extend its
empire only by moral or spritual
forces: Romanism has ever sought,
and still seeks, to advance its inter
ests by any and all means at its
command. The spirit of persecu
tion has been the spirit of Papal
Rome since its rise* to the present
For the accomplishment of its
it:nds, it has employed the power of
Oings, the cruel sword of the mer
-enary, the dagger of the assassin,
he cup of the poisoner, the axe and
aggot of the executioner, and all
he hell-contrived machinery of the
1,nquisition. Is this church still
1nimated by the same spirit? Let
,he following speech made not long
a;ince by Bishop Martin, of Pander
iomn, answer: "I am Bishop not on
y of the Catholics, but also over
~he Protestants of my diocese. The
iiatholic Church has the right to
'isit with the severest corporal pun
sshment the Christians who trans
~ress the Catholic laws, namely, the
.chismatics and heretics, that is to
ay, the Greeks and Protestants,
n~or the Church is a spiritual but al
LrO an earthly kingdom." In the
wace of this declaration (and there
~tre many others of similar import,)
very sane man must believe that,
fit had the power, the Catholic
Church to-day would visit with the
'severest corporal punishment' all
who dissent from its teaching; and
that the revolting scenes of the six
teenth and seventeenth centuries
would be reenacted in the nine
Although the genius of Protest
antism opposes its making conquest,
by other than spiritual weapons, yet
there is, of necessity, a political as
well as a moral side to this conquest.
And although the day has long
past when the governments of
Christendom make treaties and po
litical alliances based upon consid
erations for the interest of any par
ticular church polity, yet it will as
sist us in arriving at an accurate es
timate of the success of Protestant
ism to contrast the political power
of Protestant with that of Catholic
At the pre'sent day there are but
three great European powers; two
of which, England and Prussia, are
Protestant, while the third, Russia,
adheres to the Greek faith. Of
these three powers, England is still
first; Austria since Sadorva, and
France since Sedan have ceased to
be what they were before. On the
continent of Europe, Prussia and
Russia are the only aggressive pow
ers: the latter is expanding East
ward and South eastward over the
almost limitless regions of Siberia
and central Asia; but the former,
surrounded as she is by old and
civilized communities, can expand
only by annexing smaller and weak
er states, such as Denmark, Hol
land, Belgium, and Switzerland, or
by taking from the territories of her
once formidable neighbors, France
and Austria. Thus we see that in
Europe the controlling powers, or
those exercising the greatest influ
ence in that quarter of the world
Again, turning our eyes to the
ted States, which stretches from!
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and with
a population of 40,00,000, of this
number only 4,000,000 Catholics, or
about one Cotholic to ten Protest
ants. The United States then is
decidedly a Protestant nation.
That she is far more powerful and
influential than the whole of Catho
lie America united admits of ne
doubt. And if she will but pre
serve her faith in the Bible-that
friend to liberty and foe to priest
craft-there is not the shadow o
doubt in our mind that a hun
dred years hence she will be more
powerful than the whole Catholic
world united. Besides the United
States Protestant America is in
creased by Canada, a growing na
tion, whose population already num
bers four millions. Neither France
nor Spain now possesses one foot
of North American soil, although
the Pope in the sixteenth century
graciously divided the whole of it
between them. Thus, has all of this
I immense territory, except Central
America and Mexico, been gained to
Protestantism. At the same time,
these two Catholic communities,
with all the South American States.
have been, in a measure, lost to
Glancing at Africa we iec that
where, in 1600, Catholic powers
were most influential, a Protestant
power, England, now rules ahnost
without a rival. We refer more
particularly to Western and South
ern Afzica; but even on the eastern
coast, where the Portuguese still
claim possessions, the English ex
ert a controlling influence. The
fact that in the temperate regions
of Southern Africa there is a grow
ing English colony is one full of
promise to the future of Protestant
ism in that quarter of the world.
In Southern Asi a, England,
through her extensive possessions,
of course, poRsesses a prepondera
ting influence. Although but few,
comparatively,of the natives of India
have become converts to the doc
trine of the Bible, yet the whole
people have been benefited by the
promulgation of Protestant princi
ples among them. In Burmah.
however, missionary efforts have
met with such a degree of success
that that country now may almost
be considered as Christian.
Passing to Eastern Asia, China,
and Japan, we find there two large
empires hithetto so impervious to
foreign influence of every kind,grad
ually being penetrated by Protest
ant ideas, and impressed with Pro
test'ant 'civilization, through their
growinig relation with England and
the United States.
Passing now South to Australia,
we find a continent, which, with
Tasmania and New Zealand, com
prises a territory as large as Eu
rope, and which has been gained to
Protestantism-directly from hea
thenism, but indirectly from Cath
olicism. These distant possessions
of Great Britain contain at present
two millions of population, already
constituting a very influential pow
er in that region of the world. Con
tinuing to grow in wealth and pop
ulation, and holding fast to the Bi
ble, their influence will widen until
it extends, not only over the adja
cent islands, but passing even across
the broad Pacific, will let fall rays
of Protestant light upon the dark
and dull shores of South America.
Thus, in whatever part of the
habitable world we look we find
Protestant nations exerting greater
power, whether physical or mental,
than those which are Catholic.
And more, wherever we find a Pro
t-estant nation, we find her full of
activity, growing in wealth and in
telligence, and wherever there is an
outlet extending her borders. And
the borders of Protestantism are be
ing every day extended. Yet Ma
caulay said, that during the last
two hundred and fifty years Pro
testantism has made no conquest
worth speaking of. Can any one
to-day, looking as we have done, at
North America. South Africa,British
India, Australia, and many and val
uable islands, make the same decla
But besides these historical facts,
there are others which reveal to our
mind yet more clearly the superior
nature of Protestant%:n, and at the
same time clearly show the nature
of its success. We allude to the
wide dissemination of certain ideas,
which, if not born of the Reforma
tion, received new life from its ideas
which have grown with Protestant
growth, which have become essen
tially Protestant, and which every
nation must accept before it can
hope for either religions or political
The great central idea from
which has resulted religions tolera
tion and a more perfect form of
civil liberty as has been developed
in Protestant countries is Freedom
of Conscience. Unbind the con
at once in a position most favorable
to the attainment of freedom. and
with freedom all things are possi
It is true that among the nations
at different times there appe4ared
such men as Waldo, Wickliffe. and
Gallileo, who thought for them
selves. But not until the time of
the Reformation do we witness the
grand spectacle of entire nations
breaking lowse from the servitude
of centuries, and claiming this,
their inherent right. Rome suc
ceeded for many hundred years in
binding the consciences of men to
the ruthless wheels of the Papal
Juggernaut, and she dared to lay
her presumptuous hand upon the
hunian mind. and say to it -thus
far shalt thou go."
But the time has now come when
the Car of Infallibility, as it lies de
caying in the midst of its ancier t
and effete paraphernalia, is laughed
at by every passer-by, save the stupid
and the knave.; while the hand that
essayed to stay the progress of
mind has been fatally palsied in the
But Rome did not yield her cher
ished policy without a hard strug
gle. After the Lutheran separa
tion these nations which adhered
to her were made to experience ful.
ly the destructive workings of that
The Inquisition was established
to extirpate heresy, that the author
ity of Rome might be maintained
inviolate. In all these countries
where this tribunal was firmly
planted, the will of Rome bc-came
the highest law.
It was her first will that her au
thorities and dogmas be unquestion
ed; in other words, that the people
believe, think, and speak just as she
dictated to them. This policy was
to be maintained, let the cost be
what it might. She well knew that
for its maintainance education must
be fettered, and freedom of the
press and of speech be denied. It
was then, to make automatons of
these beings whom God had made
to be earnest, thinking men, or to
convert those-whom their Creator
intended to be free and enlightened
men into fearful and ignorant slaves,
that the aid of the Inquisition was
And it did well its work, but in
extirpating heresy, it crushed out
manliness, and in destroying reli
gious freedom, it struck a death
blow at political liberty. It suc
ceeded in shutting out for several
hundred years from all Catholic
States of Europe, except France, and
the Spanish American States, those
grand ideas which gave to Protest
ant communities a new and vigo
rous life, and which enabled them
to lead the van in the march of civ
ilization. It also reared a Chinese
wall around Catholic Christendom
to keep out Protestantism. This'
wall was seemingly impassable, and,
impregnable, but, like that of Jeri
cho, it has fallen to the ground be
fore the shouts of the Protestant
host. This wall has fallen not be
fore the artillery of some mighty
army, lead by skillful and scientific
generals, but it has been laid pros-'
trate before the all-potent voice of
Truth, as it was loudly and inces
santly proclaimed from the belea
guering ranks of Protestantism.
Those great Protestant ideas which
have resulted in religious freedom.
and which are essential to the full
development of human liberties.
passing the boundaries of Protest
ant countries, and working their
way into the minds and hearts of
men, have effected such a revolu
tion in Catholic countries both in
Europe and America, that we do
not claim it as the work of man,
but are constrained to cry out
"what hath God wrought ?"
It is a well known fact that edu
cation is more generally diffused in
Protestant than in Catholic coun
tries. If it were necessary to prove
that it is so, we have only to com
pare England and Germany with
Spain, Italy, and Austria in the Old
World, and in the New, the United
States, and Canada with Mexico,
and the South American communi
ties. France may be pointed to as
opposing this assumption, but sta
tistics will show that education is
less general in France than either
in Great Britain or Germany. We
are, therefore, compelled to believe
that Protestantism fosters educa
tion, and that it, in turn, strength
ens and promotes Protestantism.
But there is another agency at
work yet more full of promise to
this cause so dear to every Protest
ant. We refer to the work of the
Bible Societies. There is no foe to
Popery more formidable than the
Word of God. This is a fact which
Papists have always known, and
hence their care to keep the Bible a
sealed book to the masses. They
saw the danger when the art of
printing was invented, and again
saw it more clarly tha before
when Ilie Refrrners began t: trans
late the Scriptures into the spoken
languagI of Europe.
This grand work of disseminating
the Word of God has been carried
on of late years by the Bible Socie
ties. By far the Most prominent of
these are the --British and Foreign,"
and "Anerican." These two Socie
ties constituting. perhaps, the most
stupendous charities in the world
are successfully engaged in trans
lating the Scriptures into all lan
uages, and circulating them among
all people. The magnitude of this
work and the success with which it
is prosecuted strikingly reveal the
vigorous life there is in Protestant
isnr, and, at the same time are sug-.
gestive of imminent peril to the Ro
The love of liberty, however much
the history of some nations may
gainsay it, is a universal principle
in the human heart. Whatever.
then, will promote that liberty will
be sought for, and highly esteemed
by man. It is a fact which no intel
ligent and candid mind can deny,
that political liberty has nowhere
been firmly established and main
tained save in Protestant communi
The promulgation by the Vatican
Council, in 1870, of the doctrine of
Infallibility may be regarded as a
direct assault upon the liberties of
mankind. This will be apparent to
every candid and reflecting' mind.
which will take the trouble to in
vestigate the subject, and to follow
the bearings and implications of
this dogma to their legitimate re
sults. Such a mind will surely see
that this doctrine means simply. in
its last analysis, the foot of the Pope
o,n the neck of the world. The Rus
sian government has not been slow
to see the inevitable tendency of
this decree; hence its present hos
tile attitude toward the Papal par
ty. And it were well if every con
stitutional government and all
friends of human liberty everywhere,
would likewise perceive the lurking
danger and guard against its ap
proaches. The priest-ridden condi
tion of Catholic countries is due
chiefly to the authority of this dog
ma; as in the past so will it be in
the future, every nation that accepts
it must submit to the same degra
But the wide-spread diffusion of
Protestant civilization, and more es
pecially, of Protestant ideas of lib
erty, has rendered it impossible, we
hope, that any civilized State may
ever again come under the degrading
influences of a corrupt priesthood.
This is our hope, because we see
among all the nations of Christen
dom and earnest reaching after lib
erty; not the spasmodic outburst
of enthusiasts, but the continued
and systematic efforts of thinking
men, to secure for themselves the
priceless boon of civil and religious
This desire is one result of an in
crease of knowledge; knowledge
will continue to increase, Protest
ant ideas will continue to be diffused,
and with their now extended diffu
sion will the desire for liberty be
extended and deepened, until, final
ly, it shall become a fla& so in
tense in its energy that it will con
sume every obstacle obstructing its
way, even though it be the decay
ing structure of the once puissant
Church of Rome.
Thus do we see Protestantism
triumphing over its ancient enemy,
Roman Catholicism. And now in
alliance, as it is, with knowledge-.
with all the arts of enlightened civ
ilization, and with every influence
or agency that can elevate or bless
mankind, but, more than all be
cause it was directed by Him whose
work it is, it is destined to continue
its triumphant course, until it
leaves behind it as things of the
past. not only Popery, but Infideli
ty. Mahometanism, and Paganism.
HEAT OF THE SUN.-The heat of
the sun nowhere penetrates the
ocean more than six hundred feet.
At a depth of from one to two
miles the temperature is every
"'here about four degrees below
the freezing point, caused, proba
bly, by the ice water poured into
the ocean from the arctic regions,
northern and southern. This, be
ing heavier than the surface wa
ter, sinks to the bottom and forms
currents ever flowing toward the
equator-, to take the place of the wa
ter which, there heated and render
ed lighter, rises to the surface and
forms the Gulf and other warm
streams. As these flow again to
ward the arctic regions, it will be
seen that a perpetual circuit is
kept up, the arctic waters contin
ually lessening the heat of the
tropical waters, and these, in their
turn, giving out their heat as
they flow away from the tropics.
England is warmor than Green
land only because of the warmth
deried from the Gulf stream.
THOUGHTS FOR S.ITURDAY
'Ihe soul is strong that trusts in
Humanity. like darkness, reveals
the heavenly lights.
There is nothing on earth divine
A good man enlarges the term of
his own exisitence.
To have ideas is to gather. To
think is to weave them into gar
It'is easy to look down on oth
ers: to look down on ourselves is
What we need most is not so
much to realize the ideal as to ideal
ize the real.
Ingratitude is always a kind of
weakness. I have never seen that
clever men have been ungrateful.
God gives manhood but one
clew to success-utter and exact
justice; that he guarantees shall be
The only way to make the mass
of mankind see the beauty of jus
tice is by showing them in pretty
plain terms the consequence of in
I had rather never receive a kind
ness than never bestow one. Not
to return a benefit is the greater
sin, but not to confer it is the ear
What has surprised me most in
history is to read of so few kings
who have abdicated their thrones
not above a dozen or two at the
There is a perennial nobleness
and even sacredness in work. Were
he ever so benighted, forgetful of
his high calling, there is always
hope in a man that actually and
The happiness of life may be
greatly increased by small courte
sies, in which there is no parade,
whose voice is too still to tease and
which manifest themselves by ten
der and affectionate looks and little
kind acts of attention.
THE VAGABOND SAGE.
An old man of very active
pbysiognomy, ansxcring to the
name of Jacob Wilmot, was
brought to the Police Court. His
clothes looked 'as though they
might have been bought second
hand in his youthful prime, for
they had suffered more from the
rubs of the world than the pro
"None ; I'm a traveler."
"A vagabond, perhaps?"
"You are not far wrong. Trav
elers and vagabonds are about the
same thing. The difference is
that the latter travel without mon
ey and the former without
"Where have you traveled ?"
"All over the Continent."
"For what purpose ?"
"What have you observed ?"
"A little to commend, much to
censure, and a great deal to laugh
"Hiumph: what do you com
"A handJsonme woman that will
stay at home, an eloquen t
preacher who will preach short
sermons, a good writer that will
not write too much, and a fool
that has sense enough to hold his
"What do you censure?"
"A man that marries a girl for
her fine clothing, a youth who
studies medicine while he has the
use of his hands, and the people
who will elect a drunkard to office."
"What do you laugh at?"
"1 laugh at a man who expects
his position to command that re
spect which his personal qualifica
tions and qualities do not merit."
lie was dismissed.
"Pomp, was you ever drunk ?"
"No, I 'toxicated wid ardent spirits
once, and dat's 'nuff for dis dar
kie. IDe Lord bless you C~Esar,
my head felt as if it was an out
house, while all de niggers in de
world appeared to be splittin'
wood in it."
Irascible old party.-"Conductor,
why didnt you wake me as 1 asked
you !Here I am miles beyond my
station." Conductor.-'I did try,
sir, but all I could get out of you
was 'all right, Maria; get the chil
dren their breakfast, and I'll be
down in a minute."
"Guilty or not guilty ?" asked a
"Den vot de tyful do you here?
Go about mit your pizness."
I slept in an editor's bed last night,
When no editor chanced-to be nigh;
And I thought, a I tumbled that edltor's
How asily editors lie.
Advcrtisements inserted at the rate of S1.60
per square-one inch-for first insertion, ind
75c. for each subsequent insertion. Double
column advertisements ten per cent on above.
Notices of meetings, obituaries and tributes
of respect, same rates per square as ordinary
Special notices in local column 20 cents
Advertisements not marked with the nunm
b-r of insertions will be kept in ill forbid
-and charged accordingly.
Special'contracts made with large adver.
tisers, with liberal deductioas on above rates.
Done with Neatness and Dispatch.
COURTSHIP MADE EASY.
When two young people who
have a hankering for each other
meet for the first time at a social
gathering, the following colloquy
He [timidly]-"Fine weather we
are having." (Raining like thunder
Sh.. [bashfully]-"Yes, very.
He [after a pause of five minutes]
-"How do you enjoy yourself this
She---.Am having an exquisite
time." (Fib No. 1.)
He Lnervously]-"'Think it will
rain all night?"
She [doubtingly]---I don't know,
After five more minutes of sus
pense and twitching of fingers, the
bashful youth again coaxes his cour
He [courageosly]- "D i d it
She [with a sickly smile]--"No."
Another pause ensues - more
nervousness, and the interesting
conversation go,3 back to the wea
He-"What do you think of the
She [intelligently] - "I don't
Thus encouraged. the youth at
tempts to look sheep eyes at his
sweetheart, at the same time she
tries to glance over her shoulder.
They detect each other, and blush
simultaneously. And so the pleas
ant interview was kept up until
some friend relieves the embarrass
maent of both by separating them.
A valentine or philopena is next in
order and the business is settled.
A KEY TO A PERSON'S NAMIE.
By the accomnpanying table of
letters, the name of a per.on or
word may be found out in the fol
A B D H P
C C E I Q
.E F F J R
G G G K S
I J L L T
I .K K 1 31 U
M1 N N N V
-0 0 0 0 W
Q R T X X
S S V Y z
U V v y z
Let the person whose name you
wish to know inform you in which
of the upright columns the first let
ter of his name is contained. If it
be found in but one column it is
the top letter ; if it occurs in more
than one column, it is found by
adding the alphabetical numbers of
the top letters of these columns, and
the sum will be the number of the
letter sought. By taking one letter
at a time in this way, the whole can
be ascerrtained. For example. take
the word Jane. J is found in the two
columns commencing with B and H,
which ar the second and eighth let
ters down the alphabet: their sum
is ten. and the tenth let ter down
the alphabet is J. the letter sought.
The next letter. A. appears in bu.t
one column, where it stands at the
top. N is seen in the columns head
ed B3. 1D and H; these are the sec
ond, fourth -md eighth letters of the
alphab)et. which added give the
fourteenth. and so on. The use of
this tab)le will excite no little emi
osity among those unacquainted
with the foregoing explanation.
THE MYsTERYT OF PERzFUME.--No
onc has vet been able to analyze
or demonstrate the essential ac
tion of perfume. Gas can be weigh
ed, but not scents; the smallest
known creatures- the very mo
nads of life-can be caught by a
microscopic lens and made to de:
liver up the secrets of their orgran
ization ; but what is if. that emi
nates from the pouch of the musk
deer, that fills a whole space for
years and years with its penetra
ting odor. an odor which an illimi
table number of extraneous sub.
stances can carry on without di
minishing it in size and weight
and what is it that the warm sum
mer air brings to us from .the flow.
ers. no man has yet been able to
determine. So fine, so subtle, so
imponderable, it has eluded both
our most delicate weirhts and
measures, and our strongest lenses.
If we come to the essence of each
odor, we should have made an
enormous stride forward, both in
hygiene and in chemistry; and
none would profit more than the
medical profession if it could be
conclusively demonsrate ta