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The farmer who expects to ra e
his own supplies next year, must
begin with his turnip crop this
Turnip fields must take the place
of turnip patches, and 500 bushels
must be grown to the acre, instead
of 100. Parts of England would
be a poor farming country without
turnips, and this country is better
adapted, naturally, to turnip grow
ing than England.
It is not expected that any far
mer of the South will lose sight of
the value of cotton ; but if he is
wise, he will not fail to see the
necessity of growing abundant pro
vision crops. This hill country is
singularly adapted to both.
To use these advantages in such
a way as to be called successful'
farming, requires accurate knowl
edge of the capacity and of the
constftuents of the various soils on
the farm. It requires more care,
more skill in preparing the ground
and pitching the crop, more .atten
tion to the details of working, more
good common sense and hard think
ing, in short, than falls to the lot of
young men who think they are far
mers because they have been bred
The false notion that successful;
farmingis a very simple thing, and
requires more muscle than brains,
is the -hronic malady of this coun
try. The science of farming is the'
highest and the most difficult to mas
ter, of all the sciences. It is es
pecially so in this country, of varied,
soil and of climate adapted to all
staple crops, grown North of
the thirty-third parallel of latitude.
It i3 this which gives farming now ;,
so much interest, and which is cer
tain to draw to this country, at no t
distant day, the capit al and the in-n
telligence necessary for its develop- V
Whenever farmers in the hill .
country come down to the common
sense rule, that the cotton crop h
however small or large it may be,
must be clear net profit of the far-nm
the era of successful farming here.
will begin; prosperity will show it
self in all departments of industry,
immigration of the right class will
crowd the railroads; the price of
land will rise; schools and univer- n
sities will revive, and the moral as
well as the political aspect of the a
country will be changed. w
The making of good crops of ti
cotton at heavy cost, without en
hiancing the value of the land, niot.
only does niot add to the farmer's
wealth, but it is a positive in jury
to the country. Indeed, it may be
stat:-d, that the industries which
raise high expectations and induce
nmen to miake blind investmernts. al
ways result in disastrous failures. te.
'We may yet have reason to deplore ti
th discovery of the phosphate beds b
on our coast. because of the im- ti
petus it ha~s given to gambling in it
cotton culture. If the cotton-far- b
mers wvill proceed cautiously on at
cash basis, they can hold their cot
ton indefinitely without loss, and
control the cotton market. The
en1hantcement of the value of the
land by raising stock and provision ti
c:rops. while it diminishes the quan- ,a
tit y of commercial fertilizers neces-a
sary for the cotton crop, year by
yer will quadr uple the interest on
the Cot ton held from market. Ev- h
cryiLo.iy knows that cotton on hand I
during the Summer months. is bet
ter than maoney ia bank. This is a
not practicable in any other way,t
than by maiking the entire cotton r
crop1 the net profit of the farm-t
This is just the point at which the n
in,terests of the cotton planter and s
the commission merchant conflict. 1
The interest of the country at
largeC is on the side of the cotton
planter. It doesn't matter to the
merchant how much it costs toi
miake the cotton, so that the cotton
is~ made ! Over-planting holds the
farmer a slave to the merchant.
Over-planting er.counters difficul
ties in the beginning, involves risk
throughout the season, and more a
frequently ends in disastrous fail-:
ure than in partial success. It
never results in the success antici
pated. Hence, the best cotton e
phoitcrs of the middle country are; t
eurtailing, year after year, their a
The farmer *ho plants more cot
ton than he can pay for, or than he
can work and gather and put on
the market, without incurring debt,
is worse than the merchant who
contr ie-s for future delivery with
out means to meet his engagements.
He takes all the risks without the
possible chance of escape, or of
changing his investments before the
crash comes. But when the cotton
planter turns his provision cro; s
into cash capital, and confines his
expenses to his means, he can't
CLOVER AS A FERTILIZER.-Dr.
Voelcker, the able chemist to the
Royal Agricultural Society of Eng
land, by a serieg of the most ex
haustive analyses of soils and of
Plants, has discvered and estab
lished the fact, that an immensel
.L1.OUt of nitro-en1ous food aCcu
mulates in the soil duting the
growth of clover, especially in the
surface soil; amounting, including
that in the clover roots and tops,
to three and a half toins of nitrogen
:er acre; equal to four tons and a
third of ammonia. These results,
verified and proved, came almost
like a new revelation ii farming.
Dr. Voelcker says that the farmer
who wishes to derive the full bene
it from his clover hay, should
plough it up for wheat, or timothy,
Is soon as possible in the autumn,
Intl leave it in a rough state as
ong as is admissible, in order that
he air may find free access
nto the land, and the organic re
11ains left in so much abundance in
I goOd crop of clover, be changed
nto plant food; more especially
hat the crude nitrogenous organic
atter in the clover roots and de
aying leaves may have time to
ecome transformed into ammonia
al compounds, and these in the
ourse of time into nitrates. the
orm in which nitrogen is assimula
ed by cereal crops.
"PROGRESS WITH P R U D E N C E,
RACTICE viTii Sci:Ncx:."-We ad
-cate progresive farw ing. improve
nent is the order of the day in all
rades antd professions, and the Agri
:ulturalists u;ust keep abreast with
he fo,rward mioveient or he will fall
ibppelessly< n foo.t. But with progress,
hiould always comuue ptrudente. Hasten.
lowly-study carefully the path before
ou, lest you :naake false steps or go
stray. All old ways are Dot bad,
or are all new ways good. Look
rith a good deal of cautious scrutiny
t any system of cultivatior in which
be experience of cenituries passes for
othing. If a theorizer tell you-you
-ho have been planting cottoni all your
fe-that you i.now nothing about
attou culture, but tha&t youril mtode is
rong from begininig to enud, it is not
orth while to listen to bitu; but not
ss foolish is the tslk of those who
ink, because they hav.e been planters
.1 their lives. as theirs faithecrs were
fore thetu, that there is nothing
ore to be learned and no imuprove
ent to be made. So, Scieuce is
od; analysis of soils are useful; ~
~oogy, vegetable physiology, ento
cloy and meteorology have their
arinig upon the plainters art, but
ithier of these, nor all of these alone
ill make a mnan -. c.od farmer. Prae
ee nust be comflbined with Science.
arminr must be learned in the field.
ooks an~d papers help us in our les-1
us -}|wal~ (Caroiniiani fo,r Jane.
Soni: Tano.crA.-Take onie la,rge red
-per. su'-h as are grown fo)r family
e; steep in half a pint of water, after
hieh strain in a quart,of n:olasses, '
diog a lit tle vinegar ; boil all together
a thin sirup; use thi., whenever the
rat feels dry or disagreeable. If it
in the deaid of night, it will soothe
e throat (and not irritate) and warmiI
up well. If sharper than can be
rue in the mouth, put it back near
e pa:late with a spoon. and .swallow.
pply outwardly a thin slice of sailt
rk. wanraIng it up well with a little
negar and pepper ; apply as hot as
in be borne on the ti. roat ; fastent
e banudaige that hlds the pork over
e head, to draw the cold and inflam.
at ion up. ai not about the nieck, as
ost propl- do.
Planting of all fruit trees must
e cmpleted ais raipidly as possible.
f roperly heeled-ini,they caIn be so:
o a week or t wo a fter those in the
ursrv have started. If crops are
> be raised between the rows, sup
ly plenty of manure so that the
.Cees will nlot he robbed of nutri- P
1Cet. In llanting, have the trees
et out in straight rows. Nothing
>o.:s inore slip-shod than trees
Drilling has one ureat adv.antae.
he work is not only done mjuch
ore expeditiously and cheaply,but you
m put in the seed every day as fast as
t land is plowed and harrowed, and
us avoid delay from wet weather. A
t ill that would drop in hills so as to have
e rows straight both ways would en-'
ble us to do the same thing, but we
are never yet found a drill that will
rop the seed exactly in the hills. L
ICING.-Into the white of an
et, beaten till very light, stir six B
ilespoonfuls of powdered sugar,.
ud spread over the cake . while
THE DA.NGER OF PRosPRITry.
As long as the waters of persecu
t .) : - o!; on the earth, so long
we dwell in the ark; but when
the land is dry, the dove itself
will be teiltod to a wandering
course of life. arnd neVer r- t ur* to
the house of her safetv.
Many are nlot able to suffer and
endure prosperity ; it is like the
light of tho sun to a weak eye
glorious indeed in itself. but not
proportioned to such inl instru
In the T:n.b . tientia certain
lamps bumi%t under ground iany
ages togetier ; buti as soon as ev
er thev wt re r,ulht. into the air
ani saw a brighber light they
w%et, oUt never to be rekindled.
.o i-ng us we are in the retirement
of sorrow. of w:tit, of foar, of sick -
neiws, ol* utty other sad acci(let,
we : e bu ring:ad shirin;g lamlps;
but when God coues with his iner
cy, with his forbearance, and lifts
us up from the gates of death and
earries us ubroad in the-open air,
so that we converse with prosper
ity ar.d teriptation, we go out in
darknes ; and we cannot be pre
served in heat and light but by still
dwelling in the regions of sorrow.
A Pennsylvania b l ac k in i t b
speaks six languages. And only
oe set of bel!ow1.
L. P. PIPER, A. X., Principal.
Kiss FANNIE LEAVELL,: Assistant.
Prof. F. WER ER, : : Musical Dop't.
The NEXT SESSION of this SCHOOL
will begiu on iStl SEP1TEMBER, 1S73.
As far as the practical duties of life are
.:oenerned as thorough an edtcation can be
)btained at this School as at any Female
5eminary in the State.
Tuition from $12.50 to $22.56 per Session.
'aid in advance or satisfactorilY secured.
Boarling can be obtained at : iiodrate
Fnr particulars, inquire of S. P. BOOZER,
ee. I'd., or of
A. 1'. PlFER, Principal.
Aug. 6, 31-tf.
6 011 !
Ludstudyiil ini thes' y-i .Ven'opoli. of the
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Established 14 Years!
sd has furnished more business mlen to
raduate thani ten other -imzilar ins.titutioni-.
ro Young Men Seeking Em.
Ce guasr:iee to procure sit!.itions onl comt
1s ion of cotm: e, or refun td .i etire fe,o.
Referenace to Students from: Texats, Louis
mal. Arknni.a, ii5iippi and11 AIlbrm
Send for 'ircars of thi.a GRE AT BlISI
ESS Sc; H O)(L, toI
T HOS. A. RIGE. P'rve.,
21n anid.212 N. 4th St. c
"HE ORPHANS' FRIEND,
A P. l'EKRli nt TitE F-AMILY (1 t. LE
ULIThi l EVRY S-ATUIMhY
CAI:OLINA oltP'IIAN 1lo.tiE.
ne~ year, itn adIvanehO...-.-.-.-.-.-.2 (00
Lx inionthM. in :uutvimee..-.-.-.-.-.-.1 00i
o all Ministers, one Dollar per Anmtun.
RATEs 'iF At)vERITISING REAsoNAI.E.
All the protits of this paper are useud in
tporti: dstitutte orphans. we want
'ery (s:e who reade this to pubscribe.
Address, It. C. OLIVER,
suip't. Carolina or phan ilotme,
Jan. 21. 3-tt, spartaniburg, . C.
HE WALTON HOUS,'
MORGANTON, N. C.
JNO. C. MALLARD,
Firt-chiass Livery Stable in connection with
.e ouse. ~ Auag. 27, 34-3m.
rhe Newberry Hotel'.
C. C. CHASE. Proprietor.
I woiud res petfully iinformt niy frienads
id he tr-avs,!img pb lie get:.rally, ah:t I
n reno0vahtI. ing th otel p.repsaratory to the
gr in't'atg .seiu,ot5.
The hsouse is suipplied with comipetent,
i:h ul, polite :i!.il at --ultive i a r vzant .
.ib.d rductin mad.i toi weekly v :ir
othly 'oarde rs. A pr. 22, l16-tf. I
IMPROVED DOUBLE n
urbine Water Wheel.~
00DLE & HUNT, Baltimore,
(anufacturers for the South and Southirast.
early 7000 now tn use. Working undter .E
headsa varvina fromz 2 to 240 feet !
24 sizes,'from ->i to OG inches. h
he most powerful Wheel in the Market,
And most economienl in use of water.
rge II.I.tsTEATE Pamttphlet sent post free.
MANUFACrCRtERS, ALSO. OF S
ortable an:d Stationary Steam Engines and
ilers, Babcock & Wilcox P'atenut Tubulous
iler, Ebaught's Crusher for Minerals. Saw
i Grist .Mills. Floturing Mill Machinery.
achinery for White Lead Works and Oil
SmhaafHng?uPnno and Hamrers.
BEG to unnouice to their numerous frie
Is as full its in finfr er se1n;ons3, >d i- n1ow op
Is replete with :. well selected stock of GASS
Give us a eal and be vonvined that you
Goods stit C. o. D., with the privilege o
Apr. 8, 14-:f.
ENG lINI ID 11 111NIN 11
IRON. STEEL. NAILS, CASMTINGS. M1iL
* MA(!INE'S, C11:CULA lt SAWS. 1IL1
1CILlu1NG znid TItIMbING MATE
BELTIN. ALL Ki
HOUSEKEEPING AND F
AGIICUI.TURIAL 1M-LEMENTS, LIME.
FIENCH and AMEIICAN WIN)OW
sH1OT BELTs, FLASKS, P
At the Sign of the G
F4.b E .Z
Always the Same all!
the Year Round.
C. F. JACI1ON,l
The Leader of Low Prices,
Has again opened a
splendid stock of NEW
GOODS at very. low
Come all a n d get
GOOD BARGAINS in
Spring and Summer
N. B.--Prices too low
o be advertised.
C. F. JACKSON,
128 MAIN STREET,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Maty 13. 10t-tf.
ENTS' FURNISHING I$000S.
EINARD & WILEY,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
Hve in store one' of the Irgest andi most
omple:e as.i tmenis of ('LOTHING tand
TRNISI!HNC GOO01. to bte found in the
fAte, and still coinjtie to sell theair goodsj
tIe very lo..s-t pie, s Comue and mee
or stock, tn..l jtidge for youir.elf, if we do
iot sell cheaper th:mti tie ihespest for easli.
MH~IX IRON WONLI
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Ilf~Il & KIND,
H..v~e atlwa.ys on hantd
tationary Steam Engines
arnd Boilers for Saw
AW AND GRIST MILLS,
CASTING.S of every kind in 1(ron or Brass.
We ua:raintee to furnai-h En;inites amo!
r$i*ti oi e: ? o - : a ity itu p e. -1n.
1 ,unend ftzor oe. :iinp eity of construe
'.oitrntt :7 rni~ . in u r sieprompt
eUUndLipah IT KIND,
Jaii. 14, '2--tI. Colttiini, S. C.
seegers' vs. Cincinnati
rTe Cinc innati Gaze-tte rn.kes the a on
h~innounicemienit ih.at Cinebain:ti beer
io longer pure, but a-lul:er.n ted with mno
~ n.v. ur of stareb, fuseI odi and the
uist notu colehicumia. Tihe Commtitnsionter
I Agriulture, in hiis report for 18::5. says
tat Prof. Mapes, of New York, anaulyzed
ie beer from a dozen different breweries,
id found all of it adulterated. Cocculus.
idius an.1 nur vowica entered largely ita j
J. C. SEEGERS guarantees his beer to be ..
re and reliable. He does noL adulterate
but brews from the best barley, malt and
ps.Fe b. 4, 5-tf. -1
REESE~ & CIRROLL,
lAVING AND HIl DREfSSING
North of the Pollock House,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Room newly $tted and furnished, and gen- V
smnaeddt ihclrt fe h L
oen ateoved stlies after te 47-f
IA, S. C,,
2ds and palunb.N thai their
[S, Etc., Etc.,
n for inspection.
DIERES and VESTINGS.
can save money by supplying your wants
G AN IAT HOUSE.
1 'iamining belore p.ing for same.
) DEALER IN
,STONES..IoL.TINGU,t. l4 GU
IItONS, SUGAIt P'tNS. CARIAGE.
IZIALS. RCBEI' and I. E.MIER
NI)l OF TOOLS,
CEMENT, PASTAl.. PA-INTs. OILS.
GLAM:, GUNS, t -I-.s UI.OS,
WWDERt, SHOT, &. c
A, S. C.
Stalionery and Binding.
E. R. STOKE%
HAS just opened, in the new and hand
some building immediately oppos;te the
Plicnix o1ce, ou Main street, a complete
Comprising Letter, Cap and Note Paper, of
all sizes, qualities and of every description;
Flat Papers of Cip, Demy, Double-Cap, Me
diumn, Royal, Super-Royal, and Imperial
sizes, which will Le sold in any quantiiy, or
manufactured into Blank Books of' any *i.e,
and ruled to any patern, and bound in any
style, at short notice.
in endless variety-all sizes, colors and quali
Of every variery, Memorandairu an. Pass
P,ooks, Pocket Book-, Invoice and Letter
Books, Recipt Books, Note Books.
ARCirlECrS and DIRAUGHTSMEN will
ind a complete rsock or materials for their
ase. Drawing Paper, in shie:s and rolls,
Bristol boards, Postal Paper and Boards, Oil
Vaper, Pencils, Water Colors, in cakes :and
boxes, BruAes, Crayons, Drawing Pelns.
L)X every description; a great variety of con- i
vemient atl us,e.ul articles for both I'vacher.
PhIotograh Albumns, Writing 1) skte. Port
Akro, :a miot ch.::ant tioek of Col.t Pens
indl Pencil Cases, superbly-mounited Rubber
lilack, Blue, Yiolet andi Ca rnnine, Indelible
ind Copy in:; 31acilace: (Gh"s and liack
tamnion Mien atnd Boards: Visiting and Wed
ling Curds, and everythaing usually kept in a
First Class Stationery House,
ihieh the subscriber intends this shall be.
lHe will still conduct his BINDERY and
:LANK BOOK MAN CFACTORY and PA
:Eii-R['LING EST'AI3LlS!IMENT, which
ri,eni ucsfloperation for over
vili continue to devote his own prtati at
ention. His stock will be kept up full and
omplete, and his prices will be found always
casonable, and lhe hopes to have ta share of
trng.E. R. STOKES, Main Street, t
Nov. 15, 46-tf Upposite Phcenix. Office
Doors, Sash~I and Blinds.
GEO. S. HACKER'S
[oor, Sash and Blind Factory,;1
K IN';. OPPOSITLE CANNON STRIEET.X
CHARLESTON, S. C.
The only house of tiwe kindl in this City
>wned( i andii anaagedi by at CarVolinm in.
L Large Stock always on hand, and sold at 20
per cent. less than Northern prices.
Addrie-ss GEO. . HACKER.
P. 0. Box 170. Charleston. S. C.
Jhan. -.1, 1s7 --:'-!y.
EniMrder ,g,n2S asir I
BrdeBJewe: a ?,rbte Gw4
LI. IHAL L &CO, '
2(anufacturere &OJuler^ w
A ,4, 8,17. Market Street. P
223, 225, 'stay,
CH ARLESTON, .S,0.
Thait, (uteniteredl according to Act of Congrenp, A
Sthe year 1873. by I. H.- HALL & Co.. in the of- f
ye of the .ilararian of Congre.s at Washington.
June 25. 1873--1y.
Segular and Transient
BOA RDIN G,
BY MRS. BREAZEALE.
*43 PLAIN STREET,
COL UMBIA, S. C.
The location is conavenienat, being near
ie business portion of the city-adj icenit
Sthe Gentral Hotel. Trau-ient Board $2
~r day. Mar. 11, II)-tf.
THE BEST ADVICE THAT CAN B
Ziven to persons suffering from Dyspepsi:
Liver Complaint, Constipation. Colic. Sic
Headache, Chilis and Fever, Nervous Debi]
ty, or of any disorder of the stomach, liver<
kidneys, is to tone, cleanse and regulate thei
by the use of
DR. TUTT'S VEGE [ABLE LIVER PILL
rhey act very nhilly. yet thoroughly restoi
the functional ac:on of the digestive orgar
2nd the in testines, and renovate the who
iystem. They produce neither nausea, grij
ing or weakness, viid may be taken at atn
time without change of diet or occupation.
Price 25 cents a box. Sold by all druggist
Dr. Tutt's Hair Dye
Possesses qualities that no other dye doe
[ts etfect i. instantancous. aSd natur:
that it cannot be detected by the closest o!
ieiver. Being harinless and easily :pljlie(
it is in -etneral use atuong tle fashional
liair-dresserb in every large city in the Unitt
Price $1 a box. Sold everywhcre.
SCIoFULA. EWL'PTYE DISEASES 0
Il'E SKIN. ST. ANT110NY'S FIRE, ER)
SIPELAS, BLTCIES. ruNIORS. BOL.
E'TER'. AND SALT IHEUM, .sMAL:
L EAD. RINGWOl I, RilI'MATIS.\
PAIN AN) ENLARGEMENT OF TH1
BO0NES. FEMALE WEAKNESS. STERIL
rY, l.EUCOl:lIUIt EA (i% Will lES, WOM
D)lSEASES. D,Isa'SY. Wll fE c SF.I
[NGS. SYPHILIS. KII)NEY AND LIVE
OMI'LAIN 1', 1ERCIlAL TAINT, AN]
pLF.S, all roceel from impure b,lood.
DR. TUIT'S SARSAPARILLA
S the most pi -erful 1liood Ptirifier know
:o nedical1 sietaee. I: ente intoILI the cireuh
:on and eradicates every iorhi:ic agent; ren
,eaws the systi; prine, a beauiffs.1 corr
alexion and c.m.ei the body to gain fle h an
iacrease in weight.
KEEP THE BLO0D HEALTHY
ind :i:l :ll be wel!. 'I o d, so, no;ting ha
rver len offe-red that can compare with thi
ra un!e vevrtable eX:ract. Price $1.00
I botile. Sould bv :all -Drauists. Orlice -
oritadt S:iue, N. Y. Apr. 1. 8-11
Dr. D. S. PERRY'S
Thelze it: : : a btecom the. u.ivrsv
e 0i.d o ! the a". Tre iS nothinllfI "
hmor to qp..t! riei nder tihe siin. Tri
(.,tore: the wte.k, in::oZarate t: wIb:, are
|ive w li!*,' :ti lulle to !"I0 b ok (10 %o l
as ::a. ::o ia:uie and i.: :a.i a:- Idb
iie:s ;han arv a , h:i !oaa of Quinlin
owders ,: ; :. Ti;vY ::re t,p Ci:d1
,ap:ed to per.. ::0 ;:li . fr(.1a
)yspepsla, Lit-cr Complaints,
(lost ive(NSs, Re:alache,
1o Delicat k-e Fema1es
L :tlh-(, l-i .., n~a (;ii,l l)Ijt e ait
iat. f lAt ppei.--,a -cad faeneal Ilk-bility, l
~AR WHAT iS SAID.
HEAR WdiAT IS SAaD.
HEAR WHAT IS SAII
"WondernatILl etYt haiet resultd fr tot)
"3Iy Chills are ::ane. I can btaIly believ
-end mei e cI' :ise PEI'ts lIit ier c: ag.: it
'-I enlo atLii- l at* f :t-. I lInlt
aa ..o to aconi :a-e you of the wondearfi
~-turely theuy arc lhe tuoast declighatful wilL
iXC ILL thea worbt."'
--Dr W,~ils.on,~ sa- Int you 'atre IL publii
"Hunrrah ! Noi in LreI thentisto.
"N.'o m11re headtachei, th:anik- o y."l.
WeC coubll Iii tiais p::aper twice over witl
SsnehI genauinet ! :racts, bmut thle aboi')
Ist suIflice. ):n~ iits aret tipraed un
I':mbe- oh the~ a R.al (aolb-ge of Phy~sici:a
All ordiers si:,'! W -llces'ad to 'lTi
i;i:RY AlTh!.iTl )'.BlTTE t'4.
42 CouIrtlan:d Street.
NEW YORK, U. S.
hej Bittera are l-l eiher by the bottle or cas
L~ivi IL.Li- 'at la'ou. a as wehl :aS low,
heare thet' r. i 5- . I1 t ui:l 5:ave -: a won
erfuIl :anlounl'.1 of time and anno:an~tce i
HE PERRY AROMATIC BITTER COMPANY
42 C' E'lI'.AND) -Ti:EET.
IMMONS' HEPA TIC COMPOUJN
18 prIonIolIte:4i byx Itr. (. A. Simnnons, whi(
als the' to,rIer proiea14tor' ofL Simraonsi
ny Liver .'aleaiain:e nowi o.trared the publie,
IIas at l:ag ecireatiional Ia it till gaining
roamial. Alti.:l)haa h i a new1t prLepaira
gaodl tertitintt from as ;ta,d mendI I.:
cr land can:11 furnI.
Tis .I,eiin i' nwa for s.ale at 31.anufae
rera rates by
DR. W. F. PRATT,
Sole~ A lent tfor til pIlac.
E. L.KING & SONS,
ASUkACTUIREIlm AND PRJOPIETORS.
CO L1.'311A, S. C.
OR. GREEN'S FIT CURqE,
'le Great Ilemnedy for Epilepsy,
t", 'splaLm, Conviotns a nd :i Nervousi
a;leainet..-l. rt- prtaaop:3y, 0:0:1n areting
a: Fits fromn the rirt dtay's us'e, teven where
0POPD) E. CORYDALIS!
'l'he Great l egetable Alterative,
rofula, stcond'!ary Sypilalis-, Elruptionsa on
sovei; l,.l ian tor( i..ghl. Cal.!s. Broun
Lssage!i and1 t:Lmars. lmy it- timlyI uP-e
anvt sul)aappoal cas'e' aor Con.,llait lion areC
NEIIR ALVIA SPEC/F/C.'
p)romnpt. poitia anal perman:tent relief
r thte er.ciatIing pains of Neuraigia,
CltatisinI and Seiatica.
>r sale by Dr. S. F. PANT, Newberry, S. C.
Prepared only by
ORS. GREEN, LUNOLEY & BENTLEY,
Dc-. 17. 50-ly. CHARLOTTE, N. C.
DR. H. BAER,
WHIOLESALE AND RETAIL
)R UG GIST,
NO. 181 MEETING STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
slay M 18-ti.
Atlanta and Richmond Air Line
Th:e oloin bs'Le1jger Schedule wii bet
operatedonand aft.-r Monday. June 1st. 1874
Ituu 'o Atlan:a Titae.
Leave Atlanta............................ Gj.t4 p in
Leave Seneca Cit ............................... 11.1- p in
E Leave Greenville ............. ........ 1.54 a n
,Leave p. 4.c6 a in
,k Arrive at Charh>tte ................. ... ...... 8."; a Im
GOING SOU171--EXPULsS T.AIN.
)r Leave Charlotte......... .... ................ . . L a i
1 Leave Spartanbur ...............................1-.51 a I
Leave Greenville....... .................. . . .12 33 p m
Leave Seneca City...................... ..... . 2.49 p m
Arrive at Atlanta ....... ........................ ".1 p m
rel. Y. SAGE. Eu; & i-up't.
. WiLMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA R. R.
y GENRERAL PASPENG*.a 1)?,PAIRTM ENT.)
- COLUMBIA, s. C., May 1:>. 1974. I
s. The following PsaLsenger Scliedulol vill be ope
rated on and after Monday, May 18th instant:
No. 2 Train. No. 4 Tr:in.
L.eave Columbia. ...4 aIn. . 45 p. in.
Leave Florence.......... 5 p. m. 2.10 a. ru.
Arrive at Wilinigtou . 7 15 p In. 7.15 a. i.
No.2 Train :..akes clo-e cuieeio;i. via Rtech
mond. to ull point North, arrivin;; iu Neu York
d at 6.40 a. i.
No. 4 Train makes cle.se connectioi:. via f4d
Ilay Line. and al!o. via licaond. to all points
North. arriving in New York at 4 2 ;.. m.
No. 1 rain. No. s T.in.
.eave Wilminigton.... .8 (i a. in. 6. - p m.
Leave ort- .... ... 4 0 - ;p : 11 :.-7 to. m.
Arin -..t : bla . 9.55 p m. 4 ) . in.
Accon:m;ale Traiu No.:2 leavr' f',,uwtia
.xp ej Ir;Aii No. 4 (.ae- t ;u:ibi uvv:y
F 21akim:. c,-e conec:ions .t Co;uwbia hr all
,i :., u th :ull d West.
Through tckets .o!d. and baggag. checked to
Lill pri 1 : ::pJ n s
D l'ullitin i -. ce l*- elwr on aitl nigli Irains.
, ..AME.s ANDI:.H'ON.
E eneqra! $uperintendenit.
li.|A 1-.U.eru! I'alenuxer and fickLutAgeut.
TlF .'illRT LINE SCHEDULE.
D tharlotte, Columbia & Augusta R. R
GEvN :':tL IlCKI-T D) PART3EWNT.
COXU.Vi11A, S C.. 3ay 1N. 1874
n The 1oovin.- Vj-enger Schedule will be ope
rard on and ufter Su:iay. 17th istant:
No. 2 Train. No. 4 Train.
d Lt.av-: Augue, ...... 30 A. M5. 4 15 1'. M1.
Leave (:ai:eville.......*7.33 A. 3f. 5 11 P. 31.
Le.ve Co!u:nbi:..uc-u11.3S A. 3. 19.05 P. 31.
Ari ive Coluibi........11.43 A. 31. 17 1'. 31.
Lcive (oum-bia.....t...l 58 A. 3. -
Lrave Vinboro...... 2.06 P. 31. -
SLeave Cix-cer......... t4.06 P'. 31.
Arrive Charlotte ....... .t.45 1'. 3f. --
No. 2 Trii niake.A clse comr.tctiou, via Mich
niond, to :ll points North arriving at New York
ati .0:, .. m. No 4 TraL:; znakes cioe coi:-c
tiv,. v I. W jiantoin aid Ricliipi:d. to all
poia.s Nort., .r rivmtg at New York at 5 15 1". 31.
No. 1 Train. No. STrain.
Le-Ive Charlotte........ 7.0 A. 3.
Leave C hester..........9.58 A. 31.
Leavto 'W inhoro.. ... .11 43 A. M5.
Arrive at ( c,;umbia ... 2.0 1'. 3f.
Leaie Ccnli,ia....... :2.13 1'. 31. 3.40 A. 31.
Leave C.>!umbia.Juuc'u 2.4 1'. 3. 4.15 A. 31.
Leave k-rai;tevil!e.. t715 P. 31. *7.4 A. 11.
Arrive Au1t.... 5 '. 3. 8.45 A. 31.
S1I'.aka.t ; il)it:ner; tSupp-r.
south, boni: rrai,..coiect at Augu!ta, via all
points South :nd West.
Th'rouh TIicrwk(*:old, and Bagguge checked to
ull principal I-iits.
Sleepting c:aro eni all :iah.t trains.
JJS. ANIDJRSUN. General Sup-t.
A. 'o-. Gen. l':suitie"gr and Ticket A;,e,r.
Grunviille & Columbia Railroad.
Daily. Sutd:tl.. excepted. cotnectin. vith
e Nig 1I*:ins t1 South L:rolins Iti:roau, up
ai d. nao n.(;ihl Tlaiuz guilg North and
Souti oil C:rtte. C(*!urtbia ait: Augu.ta
lIailruau. and W-*Exiiitgtou, Coiutibia and Au
I.eave Coltinbia. ................. 7.15 a n
-.:.to .......................... 9..5 a m
-... Nw:r%..... ..............10.4u a m
" -..lur, . . ...... .. . . 2.'o pi ii
" !eto...................................350p m
~.rr.ve theet.vlie............5.30 y' m
Leave e. 7.3 a in
9 fd a m.
- - M: b ri y... .. . .. ..... 2.30 p
S " A . . . . .... .. . . . . . 4 20 p mi
A.rrhe, 1 t *;3... .. .. . . . .... o. p Di
. Le A W::ta:, i . ......... .. . 5.45 a mi
- e r v .e ............. 25a m
" Pendk re . ... ...... .. 7.1' a m
" A tder oin ..... 1o a mn
A: rih e : ItLel n. ......... .nl a mn
('oni:eetin:: wi:h. dowin train fri:n Greeuiville.
Leaive 1Mtoin at.~ .0 p mn
. " AIdron 45'1) p
- Pendh- ton 5.. p in
I'- Pe ryritle........I.35 p
Arie it 1W alhi:.la . .. ;'1 y m
e ccommol~d:tiun T:ain runi on AtLeviile
l.ranch. Mtoiny. Wedne,biiys and F.riday.
1 An tmdermauI Branch. between Htelton :.: An-*~
der-on. on Tnutdays. Thuiredny and Saturdiiys.
TIP 'S. D)OD.A-IIEAD. Gen' I upt.
Jain:z NonTiN. Generail fiet .Let.
Itep. 11, 37-tEf
Southl Ca~rolla liilroad Compainy,
Cu.\10.n.sToN. S. C.. Oct ober 18. 1.873.
O'N atil :ifter SUNDA Y, October 19. the l5s
senger Trrainis on the South Carolina Itail Road
will I in a.e foliows:
Leave Charleston at ............... ..... 9.05 a mi
Arrive at ColumbIa at ................... 5.00 p mn
Leave Charleston.................. 9.00 a mn
Arrive at Augusta..................5.i p ta
Leave (Colnumbia at................ .4o a mi
Arrive at (lharleatoni at ........ .. ... ..4.20 p mn
leave Augu.sta............. .........2.' a im
Arrive at Charleton.... .. ... .......4.2 pJ in
COLUMBIIA NIGOTt E.\n..5. (Sundays eXCepted.)
Lev Charlest .na' ........................7 10 p mn
Arrive at Coinlumin at... ............ ..3.' a mn
L.eave Columbia 2i...............7.15 p mn
A.rive at (hiar letton at................45 a in
A CGCSTA StGHOT 1.N PRb-sS, (Sundlays e.xcepted.)
Leave- Charle-ton....................S.) p mn
Arrive at A.u-ta... ...... .7.5 a m
Isaave A ugusta........ .... ..........610p m
Arrive at Char!eatoi...................4o a mn
Leave Suntnmerville at..................7 25 a m
Arrive at Chanrlestou..................8 4n a in
L !er.ve Charleston................. ..3.10 p. m
A rrive at Snummervil:e................4 30pm
CAMD N TR'AIN.
Leave Camdeni......................6.5) a mi
Arrive at Columbia.................50s a in
Leave Coinumbia.....................1 5' p mn
A rrive at Camdehin.................... 335 y mn
IDay and Nijght Trains make clube connection
Iat Augusta. with Georgia Railroad.
Day Trains, only, make close conection with
M[acon and Augusta Rilroad. This is also the
quickest and mtoet direct route, and :a com
'ortable and cheap as any other route, to Mlont
gomery. Selma. Mlobile, New Orleans. and all
other points Southwest, and to Louisville. (in.
cinnati. (Chicago. St. Louis, and all other p.oints
West and Northiwest
Columbia Night Train connects c:aelv with
the Greenva!e and Cuiumt>ia Riailroa-l: and with
the Charlotte. Colum'oia and Augusta l:allroad
for point North
Thioughi tickets oii sale to all points Nor th :mnd
Camden Train comnnects at Kingvill.- dailv ex
cept Sundays. with Day Passenge r Train:. and
runs throuah to Columbia on Mondayt, WedInes
days and Saturdays.
-.S. B. 1PlCKENS, General Ticket Ager.t.
SPARTANBURG & UNIlON RAiL. ROAD.
To Comm.'eice 25th N.ovember, 183.
DOWN TIIAIN. PTtI.
Arrive. Leave. Aiv.L.v
Spartanburg.. 4.3i .3
1'acolet.......... 7.23 7.30 t 1 b4
Jonesville.......8.01 8.10 55
.iininville......843 9.08 4.~
S::ituc.......... 9.43 9.5.3 4.6 4
Fish Dana........1.20 10.2.3 4 3o
Shelton.......1".4 10 49 I
I .yleC Ford......11.o7 11.13 25
IStrother........11 35 11.45 23 .1
AT TTIl IN
The lopre:o of i~~V.. ~v I7.30~
woud rspctfll irfoii,th t 47eia 6.56
.ias. T M .P0 L .C o
Nov. 2, 45tf. 4.16i or2
Sep. 1 AT THEU
Comprising ChartJ e, Colunbi
Columb:-ia & Augus:a, Wilnin
& Roanok, and Connct.in
ship Lires, at Wimiing
Trans11prt.r::(JI'g !.n. to : 'id trom Steams
monti.. Virg,in i.t. withot ttra%:t; e z ranisfer_%, or
tof 1aiv. frmI it ut..e .-d
f1t1. t he .. : - I%2 0::'11t1 1 :*,1!;:1.'I o n t
SCHEDULE CF C
BAY LINE E.- tS. - - -
I i' P}]iILA 1
CLYDE STEAE lN, - - - - - -,
DAILY (except Friday!< at II.
IERICIlANTS & 3IINEI1' INE
i OR }I OVJ
.%lEPCIIANT & 111NERS' LINE. - -
BAL.TIO1E & S-OUTi ltN T1:ANSPOI:TATl.
PiL.Ahl)ELIPA & SOUTlil EN STEA31.lIP
CLYDE & CO.'s NEW YORK AND WILMINGTC
j Connecting .t e.ch l:ce with n:il ies for all
rent rates arc ;iven :d guaranteed.
The following ained Agents North will att
W. !. FITZGEIALD. No. 9, Gernan Street. j
E. FiTZEIA L.), 50 South Street.
C. L. BRA INERI). 37 Broadway.
Especially arranged for the novenet of Cott<
Leave *AUGUSTA, - - - 7.40 a. m. I
SLeave TCOLN1BIA - t;.O a. m.
Arrive at WILMINGTON - 7-15 p. M. I
Leave W.1,31INGION - - .00 1 p. m.
Arriveat :PORTSMOUTI1 H 4.00 p. i.
*Connects closely with inward bound
'T1hr'iough Freight Trains on Georgia Rail- I
Connecti"ng with inward Freight Trains
from Greenville and Columbia Railroad, <
and Chiatrlo t livi.,ion of Charlotte. Coui- (
bla and Au;gu.ta lmilroad.
Connecting close!y with outward.hoand
IBIltimore, lbhi!delpia, New York ind <
i Boston Steamships I
Augusta to Baltimore, 4 Days; Augusta
New York,5 Days:AugU
&i For all information, I'l.ank Mills of Lad
I followin, Southern .Agents of the Line:
11. M. CuTTINGHAM, Western .Agent. Atlar
Augusta; I. P. CLARK, Forwarding Agent. P
F. W. CLARK,
Assistant General r Agent.
Feb. 27, 7- f.
THE CHRISTIAN INDEX
ORGAN OF THE BAPTIST DENOMINATION.
HEv. D. SHAVER, D.l.. . - - Et Tol:
'RLV. 1). E. BUTLER. 1)%: J1. S. I_% N'.T4)\N.
iI?V. S. IENDEI: '0S N.D.Dt. - AI.1-j%*...L.
lI.:v. E B.TE.t.UE.1)., - - :1.11A.A LA.
11Ev. T. .WJUNES. ~D.., - N.Allv:LLL, TEN;N.
Ste.:lftlty devotel tote Tenett and
great i nt eret', tiihe Ihipt ist I lenomtinlIation.
tis naneflr, whlich fornearly halt a cei.tury.
hab'ee'n thle orgaan ttl avorite of4 the Bay
ti.sta of Gecr;gia. and tor the last .evenz
yeairs. bearing the same intimate r. hat hon to
the~ brotherhoi,o.t 1 o Alabaiuit 1nd prions
of Tew-eSouth Carolina. Florida a.ad
Mi.issippi-will.in the~ lature, mlerli. by
the excellency of its. char::cter. tin-ir ni;.;he,t
apprecia t on. T1he readcer will lid tit. be
,.ides the large qunitity o! Mor::1 tand iell
* ious Tru0th w it ii wicih it is freight ed w eek
lv, ai chaste seicet i"n ot rui~iwIl::tnous read
jag. aid a compjlete summary of reliable
intelligence-both domestic and foreign
will render theum independent of other pa
pers. Correctly~ printed Market 1-:eports of
*the principal cities will mnake thc paper in
valuable to all classes of* our people. As an
'idvert ising mnedhium, p)osses5img. as it does,
*a constituencyv of over 250.000 intelligent,
su bstant ial Christian people-it is unequal
led by any other publication in the South.
TH E IN DEX clubs with all the leadling paperd
andl periodicals in the United States. The
interests of friends remitting. us will be
ca retully protected.
IPrice in advance, ti2 50 aL year ; to Minis
ters. $2 00.
.TAS. P. HAERISON & CO.. Prcprietors.
To whoma all coinununieations Itmst be ad
- ErSend for specimen copies. cireulars.
In connection with TIlE INDEX we have
lierhaps the larg~est andt most comiplete
Book andI Job Printing oltice in the South
know~n as 1
THE FEANKLIN STEAK PRIN~TING HOUSE :
At whlich everiy :styc of Book. Mercantile,
Le-gal and Railw.ay Prinutin;g is executed.
Itn excellency or maner. promptness and
0IIE AIPNESS. we defy comnpetition.]
Our BLANK BSOvK MANUFACTORY is
likewise. weli appointed. Orders solicited
for every trade o1 wvork in this department.
Coun:ty uielaih wil tIni it to their interests
t o consult us a.- lii I.: gal Form Books. Re
cords. atinutes. ]:;:i:ka, etc. Books. News
paplers, shteet M .silea :tu I'eriodilica:ls bound
andi rebound to order. l.-menber to manke
your ordlers on 1hle Franikl in Stam Printin;
house. .JA MES. P. H AlR RisON & CO..
No,. 2uand 29 .,outhz-Uru.ad ,-treet.
Feb. It, 6-tf, A tlatt:. Ga.
'I0eWiSw and Ofr laDS' iriledlY Sie1,,
NEWARK, N. .J.
CASIh CAPITAL, $25 ,0st.00.
A nyO helu an, het ween tihe age., of 15
nd5yer,may becotme a member 0! this
Quarterly. A nual ly. Annually. sickness.
$ IT50 $ 275 $ 525 $ 400
:t00o 50 l0 50 8 00
155 Il 11 0 21 00 1600
tuo l.;:t 50 3. 50 24 00
12 0: n. 42 00 ' :3210
l5 00 27:50 52 5o 40 00:
100 :i.l00 63 00 4s 00
lioN. JOHN WHIITEHEA D. President.
Address, BSENJ. G. 11E RIOT.
'.pieial A gent,
Mount Pleasant, near Charleston, S. C.
The Piedmont & Arlington Life Insurance Co.,
Oif IRICIIMOND, YA.
Asstets.January 1st.1i873, - - - $1,766~.5 00
Dividendsto P'oliev Holders. 1S72, so,900 00
Re.erve. being amount neces-a- I
ry to re-insure all Risks.. - - -l.4t8,5G 090
BEN.J. G. IhEROT,
Special Agent, p
Mount Pleasant, near Charleston, S. C.
Dc. 10, 4)-tf.e
Invaluable in Teething, and Surntner Com-n.
plaints of Children. Cures O:
A:d other Diseases, incident to the period
of Deti itiont.
Unlike the "So~othing Syrups," now so
widely used, this CORDIAL contains 1
NO ANODYNE, S
Or other injurious Drug. It is cotiposed of 31
de ver* be.,t itau-rsi., anid shuld be L
ound in * er y Nur,ery. The 'bcst phys.i
ii:ns reco ? nenid it.n
MANUFACTURED BYt 1
Dr. H. BAER C
CHARLESTON. S. C
"- For sale by MOTTE & TARRANT,
Newberry, S. C. May 3, 1S-tf. I0
For 1874. 8
200 PAGES; 500 ENGRAVINGS, and _
CLORED PLATE. Published Quatrterly,
at 25 Cents a Year. First No. for 1874 just
issued. A German edition at same price.
Address, JAMES VICE,
a and AuglLust. WVilmninglotl,
gton & Wo!don, SeUboard
g Ri:iway ,and Steam
on -:id Po.ts!moiith.
I:'p %V I .- - : i V I:,iIa --. :<- Iorta
ex i to v :a:h r :-: ( .11 thr Ia'.h Cars
-: :ail -ou
r. ::a ! . a< ,t i y . I.
a U titsONS:
uth, V a.
- - - I.ues<!t.an Fri*lay.>.at 4 p. I.
WNVc4liezay-s and Saturdays, aIt p. m.
;ton, N. 0.
aN a:a.\IPNY': si:.01i81w% Wednedays%
0lPANY!6 sTE.MEHS, Every Tuebday.
Y U lt K.
N INE --Every Wednesday.
New England towns. to which lowest cur
m11d, in all rerpects, to the patrons of the
W. KILGORE, 44 South Fifth Street.
H. KEITH, 76 Washington Street.
C COAST LINE."
n and Merchandise on unequalled time.
.e:ve *i'ORTSMOUTH1 -- 12.00 m.
,rrive at WI.MINGTON - 7.00 a.m.
eavc WILMINGTON 8.00 p. M.
,rrive at tCOLUllIA. - 10.00 p. m.
rrive at :AUGUSTA - -. p. m.
*Connecting closely with inward-bound
altiuore. Phladclphia, New York and
tConneeting with outward Freight Trains
f Greenville and Columbia EL-Wroal, and
harlotte Division of Charlotte, Columbia
isd Augusta Hai:road.
IConnectirg with outward Freight Tr.ins
FtGeor;ia. Macon and Augusta, and Cen
to Philadelphia, 5 Days; Augusta to
ta to Boston, I Days.
ign , Through E:ates, etc.. etc., apply to the
ta. Ga.; JOIIN JENKINS. Soliciting Agent,
Gcnenal Freight Agent,
m iningtni. N. C.; :'7 liroadway, N. Y.;
:aa11 Columbia, S. C.
Dr. J. Walker's California
linegar Bitters arc a purely veg
:tale preparation,. made chiefly from
:he native herbs found on the lower
.anges of the Sierra Nevada mioun
.:a of California, the medicinal
pronerties of which are extracted
:ber'efromn without the use of' AlcohoL.
rhe question is ahuost daily asked,
\\What is the cause of the unpar
ileled succCss of VINEGAR BIT
LEnt.b" Our answer is, that they
-emv the cause of disease, and
ec patenlt recovers his health. They
oth:e great blood purifier and a
e-gvintr priniciple. a perfect Reno
t~ar anid Invigorator of the system.
~ever befo in the history of the world
as a mecdicine been compounded pos
es.dng the remarkable qualities of Vzs
GARt BzrTTERs in healhing the SICk of
:.ery disease man is heir to. They are
cent!e Purgative as well as a Tonic,
celleing Congecstion or Inamation of
he Liver and Vinceral Organs, in Bilious
The prop>erties of DE. WAI.:
:R's VNIEG ARB ITTE Rs are .Aperient, Din
h .retic. Carmninative. Nutritious, Laxa
iye, Diuretic, sedative, Counter-Irritant,
udorifie. Alterreirn. and Anti-Bilious.
R. U. REeDONALD s CO0.,
Druggists & Gen. Agta., Sa Franciso, Caam
:ia, & cor. of WashntonanCharltonSta.,N.Y.
Sold by aU Druggist.s andDTealr
THlE GREAT R~EME.DY FOR
'hich cani be cured by a
mnely resort to this stand
rd preparation, as has been
roved by the hundreds of
istimonials received by the
roprietors. It is acknowil
iged by many prominent
bysicians to be the most
lliale preparation ever in
oduced for the relief and
ar'e of all Lung complaints,
1(i is offered to the public,
mectioned by the experience
over forty years. When
sorted to in season it sel
>m fails to effect a speedy
u-e in the most severe
tses of Coughs, Bronchiti,
roup, Whooping Cough,
ifiuenza, Asthma, Colds,
>re Throat, Pains or Sore
ass in the Chest and Side,
iver Complaint, Bleeding
the Lungs, &c. Wistar's
alsam does not dry up a
ough, and leave the cause
thind, as is the case with
ost preparations, but iL
osens and cleanses the
.ngs, and allays irritation,
Lus removing the cause of
TI V. FOWLE & 80J8, Batn, Enn.
ad sold byDruggstandDalergenray.
)ct. 1" 39-ly.
Charleston,S 8 .
G. T. ALFO2/rD & QOV, lenorikaQW