Newspaper Page Text
To e Editor of the Nr,rrb
I enclose the following letter fbi
publication. It so nearly reflects mN
own sentiments. that. although I had
prepared a similar letter for your col.
-umns, I willingly withhald it in ordez
tkat the *trsmanlike views of 3Najor
Delany maybe laid before your readers.
It indicates the only policy that is
likely to restore harmony and pros.
perity to the incongruous elements oi
I am truly yours,
WILL. H. THOMAS.
To the Editors of the Xeis & C t
GENTLEMEN-I desire to call the
attention of the landholders to this
important subject, the main context
of which was treated in a series of
letters in March and MNay, 1871, cap
tionei "IIomes for Freedmen." solici
itg Northern capitalists to invest in
securing theit. Could it then have
been accomplis'hed. it would have been
well for the interest of people and
State generally; but, since it was
Rot, it is now of important political
signifiance, as well as the pecuniary
beneBt mutually resulting to the labor
sr, landholder and State, by pernha
dently uniting the whole people, black
uud white, inseparably in one coitmon
W What the common laboring classcs
now most desire are homes of their
own, possessed in fee simple. These
P they must have to develo agricul
a ture as it should be, ad enhance the
value of its products.
Estimating the population of, freed
men in the State at four hundred
thousand, the allowance of five persons
to a family will give sixty thousand
families. The necessary quantity of
land as a permanent homestead on
.kis general system should not be less
than thirty nor more than fifty acres
to Itake it a certainty of succEss. This
to a rural population, in a climate like
ours, is ample, as a means of suste
nance. for all the necessary family
comforts, to "make their bread sure."
Allowing forty acres as the average
to each family, (as some would take
nore and some less,) it would amount
to three million, two hundred thous
and zeres, at once finding a ready
inarket, and disposed of in ample se
curity, as no claim can lie in judg
ment, against a homestead, except the
original purchase claim. What is
here asked for freedmen or black agri
cultural laborer is also asked for the
white of the same class, on the basis
of calculatioa for the black population.
What the freedman wants is land
of his own with reasonable time to
pay for it. And it is the interest of
t-he landholder to dispose of a portion
of his domain to the best advantage in
the political economy of the State.
HIe has been impoverished by the late
civil war, having little else left than
t hese surplus lands and his object
should be to make them as available
- It is obvious that disposing of these
Shomesteads to the rural population
would ensure a lasting benefit by secu
rinir a fixed industrious laboring ele
me~nt, with ample surplus labor for all
SthLe demands of the planters who em
ploy, with advanced wages to th3 em
plovee and valuation of the land, as
both land and the wages of labor would
enhance in value just in proportion to
r the general permanent improvement
of these numerous neighboring little
And w*at a division of taxes would
be here brought about by this general
diviiion of land. Put the first year's
tax upon each farm at simply one dol
lar and it makes a levy of eighty
thousand -dollars; at two dollars. it
amounts to one hundred and sixty
thnousand dollars-. at three dollars. to
two hundred and forty thousand dol
lars; at four dollars, to three hundred
) and t~wenty thonsand dollars; and at
cfive dollars per farm, at which rate it
ireasonable to suppose in thc rapid
progress of improvements at no dis
tant day they would be taxed, and we
r have the immense sum of four hun
dred thousand dollars of a tax levy
less to be paid by the original holders
of the same lands. This shows tihe
h great advantage and economy in tile
cdivision of the land, esperially as in
South Caroliua, where the laborer and
purchaser reside on the spot.
When the expenses of government
a:'e known to the people to be propro
tionately borne by them generally,
tlhey will be sufrciently interested to
hold to a strict account those whom
they pu: i. Afiee. Let the hiomeless
dhen have homies, become possessors
r he land. free-helders in reality,
aid th'v at once become interested in
di:8 the' aizrs of State, and will hold
to a strict account reckless and incom
1,enlt men who dare abuse the power
with which they have been cutruste d.
ToX seur that friendship and mu
i:.l protection, so desirable between
bla:i.k,'and white, without which free
.m would be a curse and republican
~icty a moekery and imposition to
bt,th, the freedmen and agricultural
he rer m'u;d have fixed and establish
.d iatrreste in the soil and State.
i From this fundament:d basis of do
mestic1 happi:s's permaneut peace and
friendh- mu.tidenwe will at once ensue
as an inseparale link in our d'omestie
relations to eacvh other.
rCapital andl labor as a means of
wealthi mnst to togethier, and neither
will go nor remain where there is no
enmploy men:t. Consequently capital is
fearful to invest in enterprises in our
State. as there is no certainty of the
security of labor. Because, without
permanent homes, labor is continually
changing place in search of permanent
Besides,t.he more intelligent the labor
er. the more productive the labor. The
sommon people and laborer, then must
v, educated. But it will be difficult, if
not impossible, to establish facilities
for education until they become settled
and fixed in neighborhoods. To ex
pect of the rural people as of other
citizens the same developments in
moral, intelle'ctual, religious and po
lit ical culture, without the same facili
ties to learn, is to expect an imopossi
bility. The church and school-house
mu'st stand side by side in every dis
ttrict thus permanently ssttled.
To succesfully carry out this mas
u-e of rural homesteads there should
be an understood, established or fixed
system. The lanmds should be sold at a
r bw rate to the employed laborer who
c shall be the pure~haser.
n Three dollars an acre should be the
average price; five dollars the maxi
rouim or highest price.and the minimum
price as much below three dollars as
the quality of the land will justify.
To this. of course, there will be excep
tions in localities where the land has
prcial value, when the price can be
mutually agreed upon.
The land should be sold on five
years' credit. to be paid in five equal
annual instalnents. one-fifth with in
terest at the expiration of each year,
no payment in advance being required.
The title deeds should be nade im
:mediately on the purchase, at the ex
pense of the purchaser, who shall give
a judgment note or claim against the -
property, the conditions being such
that. if any portion of the money re
uWain unpaid at the expiration of five
years, the property may be proceeded ii
aryainst in a suit at law, as is usual
with a common debt in such eases. A
The expense of bond and mortgage,
with other fees incidental to the exe
cution of such documents, should be
i pSoSsible saved to the people; also,
the comiplication of litigation in such
cases. which a!ways is discouraging tI
and a drawback to them, who hesitate st
to purchese land on that .account. tl
By obtaining the title enables each e<
ftuily at once to commence perma
nent improvements, in buildings, or- h
chards, ornamental trees and such, al- e
so live stock, when an enhancement
in valuation of the surrounding pro
perty would certainly be the result.
We want, and must have a polities
and statesmranship which will devise
such ineasurcs as shall give us a labor- s
er and producer of more personal im- r
portance and comfort and value in
trade than ragged barefooted men, I
women and children, discouraged, tug- p:
ging tc town, with a handful of vege- ir
tables or a bundle of -fat pine" wood fc
upon their heads for sale. The oppor- t(
tunity is momentous. h;
There is a tide in the affairs of men
Which, if taken in the flood, would lead to k
If the South in the late struggle had o,
freed the slaves, and called them to a
arms, every black man in the country
would have rushed to the aid of the
South. This is well a known fact. It
is oow in her power to secure the good ei
will and enduring friendship of every
black IMan in the Union. P
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, b
your most obedient servant, tl
M. R. DFLANY. V
The Piedmont Cotton Factory.
As a matter of interest to the stock
holders in the above enterprise, we copy I
from the Greenville News the follow- 1
ing article showing the progress inade e,
in the work: t<
As the progress made in the construe- tj
tion of this maguificent enterprise,must, w
and should interest all of our readers
who feel an interest in the develop
ment of our manufacturing resources, e
upon which so much of the futurA pros- p
perity of this immediate section de- h
pends, we have taken the trouble to
ascerttin some facts in relation to itr
from a reliable resource, and we are
gratified to state that the work has y
progressed as rapidly, and been done st
in as good and substantial a manner t
as these interested in it could reasona.a
bly expect or desire.
Three stories of the brick work of hi
the main building have been comple- fc
ted, and the fourth and last story, fin- w
ished to the window-sills, and, would ,
hvbencompleted and thre roof put tl
onb hstime, but for a delay in get
ting some eastings which are used as u
connections between the columns, and ti
which, according to the plans, were ti
Fearing that tire weather might ti
damage the walls if they should become
wet and frozen before they were com-W
pleted and the roof put on, they p
have been securely covered and protect- i
ed at their present height, and as soon
as it is all safe to do so, they will be"
finished and the roof put on. The ~
brick work can now be completed in tI
ten days' timue; already 750,000 bricks a
have been laid in the walls.p
All the timbers for the entire build
ing arc in their places, except thed
roof. and the structure presents a W
handsome and magnificent appearance, Y
combining all the conveniences and is
comforts of light and air that could bl
be devised, without any needless ex
penditure for ornament or show, thea
plans looking mainly to the substan- al
tral character of the structure, and its si
adaptability for the uses for which it
The carpenter will continue his
work so that when the brick work .is s,
finished tire entire building can be
completed in the shortest possible ni
time, all the material for it being on st
The darn across the river has been e~
put in and completed, also the stone p:
abutments to it, also the canal or race- a:
way, (through stone,) headgates, etc. A
-all meeting the expectation of those b:
whro planned them. Thre engineering p
of the warter-power, and its application et
to tire uses intended, as well as the di
location of the building to it, appears a
to have been perfet-nothing in eon- r
ureetion with it havi'r been developed e
whrichr would renrder~ anry change or
modhifleation desirable. ~a
All the work accomplished up to the P
present time has been done within the ti
estimates originally made for doing it,
at,d within the time, except for the A
delay above referred to. The floors of w
square feet, which is an area of more .o
thian one aere, and its capacity is 9,000 ,
spindles and 230 looms while the
water power is ample to drive two or
three more mills of the same size andd
capacity of the one now being erected.
with the same danm and canal. As soon
Ias the weather will permit the building
will be completed, and the work of
putting in the water-wheels, shafting ri
and machinery commenced ; and it is ti
expected to be ready to commence the
making of cloth early next summer, a
and when the mill is completed, it will 5
not be inferior to any cotton nill in h
the world for making the kind of goods ~
designed, and its cost will be far less
than most of them. si
The Science of Health for January comn- sI
iuenE. a new vrolumie. This magazine is fi
uevoted to a subject of the most vital im
portance to the public and the race. It con
tan xclet articles on the right Treat
ment of Our Bodies; Popular Physiology,
with illustrations; Treatment of tire Sick; y
Tire Corner-Stone of Woman's Education
Schooi Poisoning by Bad Air; Infant Pre- S
Icocity; Brave Words for Women; A Physio- g
logical Phenomena; Health and High Cul- rr
tare; Dirds and Babies; Food Grains, and tl
Proper Grinding, with seasonable recipes;
The Food Qnestion; Principles of Hygienrc
Medication; Sale of Poisons, etc. In "Talks e
with Correspondents " we have information ti
on a variety of subjects, making up a moat o
excellent number. which would be worth to
many the cost of ayear's subscription, whichv
is they5 sige nmes 0cns Now
S. R. Wel, publisher, 389 Broadway, New 0
TUDS, F. GRENEKER, EDITOR.
NEWBERRY, S. C.
VEDNESDAY, JAN. 6, 1875.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald is in the highest respect a Fam
y Newspaper. devoted to the material in
rests or the people of this County and the
:ate. it circulates extensively, and as an
dvertising me(ium offers unrivalled ad
tges. For Terms, see first page.
A New Volume.
The HERALD has added another year
its life, and it is pleasant to say that
ough older in years it has ripened in
rength. Instead of losing, which is
c natural sequence of age, it has gain.
1, and we feel grateful to its numerous
,aders for the support given it, not on
in a pecuniary way, but in words of
ieer and encouragement. The editor
id publisher of a country paper has
any crosses to bear-and which are
t alwars borne with christian forti
ide-and innumerable difficilties to
irmount, and happy is le always to
eeive a good word fron those for
hose pleasure and profit he strenuous
labors. It helps to smooth the rough
aces, and to blot out unkindness and
difference. We thank you reader,
r all the good you have done, and en
ring upon a new volume, we hope to
we a continuance of the same kindly
eling, and the same support, and
:omise on our part to do all that is in
ir power to merit it. Pardon us if we
;k you also to add it by speaking good
ords to neigibors and friends, and in
,ice them to beeome patrons and read
-s of the HERALD. A larger support
ill enable us to give you a better pa
r, to procure that aid which is felt to
? necessary. Give us a little help in
iis respect and you will not lose by it.
re wish you a Happy New Year.
The New Year.
Another year has passed away, and
e now stand on the threshhold of
375. With the past we are acquaint
1, but of the future no one is able to
41, and while there have been many
iings to be sad about, generally,
hich could not well have been avoided,
individuals, too, we have each some
muse of regret as we look into the
ast; but having gained experience we
ave the feeling that we would not
~peat them. Many good resolves are
ade now on entering upon a new
3ar-resolves which we hope will be
eadily kept in mind and cai'ried out
the letter. But it is human to err,
id it is sad to think that many of the
igh resolves of to-day will soon be
irgotten, the new leaves turned over
ill be soiled by deeds small and great,
hich, if we live to the end of ano
rer twelve months, will again make
u sbamed. We have much to be
iankful for, beneficent seasons, boun.
ful harvests and a profound peace
~d good order. Let us be grateful,
ien, to the Giver of all good, and
hile we remember the mercies of tihe
ist, and hope for blessings in the
Iture, strive by very good word and
ork to show ourselves worthy of them.
hie past is gone ; it is numbered with
ie things that were, and which can
>t be recalled if we would; with the
resent and the future we have to
sal, and we sincerely trust, reader,
hile we greet you with a happy New
ear, a sentiment which at this season
upon the lips of all mankind, that
essings may be in store for each and
I of us, and that if we live thlrough
iothier year we have no regrets to
.dden us at the end.
State Lunatic Asylum.
The Annual Report of Dr. J. F.
iperintendent of the Lunatic Asylum,
tows that the institution is still
Thn(iall y embarrassed, yet notwvith
anding this its affairs have been ably
mnducted and all the necessary im
ovements continued for tile benefit
id comfort of its unfortunate inmates.
large appropriation should be made
r the Legislature for its proper sup
>rt, and this might well be done by
ittinig dowvn other expenses which are
-awn from the Treasury, and which
-e of no benefit. pmuli or private. The
port of the Committee of Regents
cpresses the utmost satisfaction of tile
laministration of Dr. Ensor, who as a
'iblic officer has an enviable reputa
The total number of inmates in the
sylum at thle beginning of tile year
as 309-154 males and 155 females;
Imitted daring year, 119; dischlarged
id died, 117; remaining at end of
Whole number admitted since begin.
ng of the Hospital, in 1828, 2,516;
scharged cured, 866; discharged im
roved, 315; discharged stationary, 316;
For information, wve add that thec
'luisites for admission of private pa.
ents are as follows:
A certificate from two physicians and
magistrate that the applicant is in
Lne, an idiot, or an epileptie, a concise
istory of the case, ana the medical
eatnient to which the patient has been~
A bond with approved! security, re
ding in this State, to secure payment5
Sthey may fall due, in half yearly in
alments in advance. The rates vary~
om $250 to $700 per annum.
Hoge and McGowan.
We are gratified to learn that Gen.
rcGow-an will contest the election of
alomon L. H-oge as member of Con.
ress from the Third District. The
tajority claimed for Hoge is 3,558, but
rere wvas repeating by the negroes and
itimidation of the whites in ne!rly
rery county, and we have no doubt
aat Gen. McGowan received a majority
Sthe legal votes. Besides this, acts of
ongress relating to representation pro.
ide that each district shall be comiposed
r contiguous territory, and the County
I' Richland. which the State Legisla.
-r u nteTiditit s~
contiguous to arv other county in the
district. The i f Richland must be
rejected by Cong.t_s, and that County
alone gave Hoge 2,315 majority. We
must dissent, however. from the opinion
of our eorrespondent Ninety-Six, that a
Democratic Congress, having the power
to do so, should seat Gen. McGowan as
loge was seated by the Radical Con
gress, in Pi69. Mr. Reed, the oppo
nent of Iloge in 1868, was lawfully
elected, and it was a grave offence anil
a grievous wrong to exclude him. But
Democrats cannot afford to play the
rascally pranks which are a matter of
course with Radicals, and if an investi
gation. fairand thorough, shows that
Hoge was really elected, he must have
his seat. Just such practices as that of
rejecting a lawfully elected candidate
on account of his politics have put the
National Republicans in deep mourn
ing, and, if the Democrats were foolish
enough to follow their example, they
would soon and properly be thrust back
into political obscurity.
The above is from the News and
Courier, and since its publication it is
said that Gen. McGowan has received
numerous letters from both Democrats
and Republicans in Washington urging
him to take this step. Judge Mackey
in a letter to him advises the same
course, and there is very little doubt
but he will make the contest.
We have no doubt that Gen. Mc
Gowan's occupancy of the seat would
give satisfaction to the members.
Re-Union of Hampton's Bri
gade at Augusta.
Want of opportunity hitherto pre
vented us giving any account of the re
union of the First (Hampton's) Cav
alry Brigade, Army of Northern Vir
ginia, which was inaugurated on the
16th of December, in the city of
Augusta, under the most flattering
auspices for the future of an organiza
tion designed to perpetuate the nemiory
not only of the fallen heroes, but the
brave deeds of the living, and to bring
together as often as possible the sur
viving ncubers of the Brigade. We
make at this late day, however, only a
Gen. M. C. Butler was called to the
chair, and read the call for the re
union. The object, he said, was speci
fied in the notice, to-wit : To form an
association of the First Cavalry Bri
gade of the Army of Northern Vir
ginia. The records of the brigade
were certainly worth preserving. He
trusted that they would not devote
themselves exclusively to pleasure. but
proceed to carry out the object for
which they were assembled. Even
if they owed nothing to the living,
they certainly owed something to the
dead. Capt. James N. Lipscomb was
requested to act as secretary, with such
assistants as might be designated. The
vet.erans present from the Jeff Davis
Legion, Cobb's Legion, Twentieth
Georgia Battalion,First South Carolina,
Seventh Georgia, Fifth and Sixth
South Carolina, Phillips's Legion,
Fifth Georgia, Second South Carolina.
Hart's Battery, First North Carolina.
enrolled their names. The following
general and staff officers were present:
Lieut.-Gen. Wade Hampton, Maj.-Gen.
M!. C. Butler, Maj.-Gen. P. M1. B.
Young, Brig.-Gen. G. J. Wright, Maj.
T. G. Barker, A. A. G.; Capt. R.
Lowades, A. A. G.; J. F. Lanneau,
engineer officer ; Maj. John Pr2ston,
Jr., assistant inspector general; Capt.
J. N. Lipscomb, A. A. G.; Lieut. 0.
N. Butler, A. D. C.; J. F. Thurman,
A. D. C.
The meeting then adjourned for a
grand procession, described as follows:
Band wagon, flags with the names of
the different commanders composing
the First Cavalry Brigade, floating
from each side of the vehicle ; a
splendid carriage--drawn by four
white horses-containing Gen. Wade
Hampton, Gen. M. C. Butler, Gen.
Kirkland and Col. Lipscomib; carriages
coutLainling umpires; Cavalry Battalion,
under command of CapL. J. B. Cum
ming, senior captain, Lieut. Twiggs,
acting as adjutant. and consisting of
the following companies ; Richmond
Hussars, 40 men, Lient. J. W. Clark;
Palmetto Sabre Club, 20 men, Capt.
W. T. Gary ; Mounted Rangers, 20
mien, Capt. Claiborne Snead; Sweet
water Sabre Club, 31 men. Capt. But
ler ; Burke Hussars, 35 men, Capt.
Claiborne Snead; detachment of Hart's
Battery, with six pounder drawn by
four horses; mounted veterans, 50
men, under commander of Capt. John
F. Lanneau, Company K, Second
South Carolina Regiment; 'dismountedi
veterans, 50 men, under command of
Capt. H. L. Mayson, Company C,
First South Carolina Regiment.- At
twelve o'clock the procession moved.
A salute of thirteen guns was fired at
the Parade Ground by the detachment
Iof Hart's Battery.
At night a welcoming address to
the veterans was made before an im
mnense audience, which was responded
to Capt. A. M1. Rodgers.
Gen. Hampton then came forward
amidst the wildest applause and briefly
recounted the history of the brigade.
Hie was followed by Generals M1. C.
Butler, W. T. Gary, Field and Maj.
T. G. Barker.
The committee on permanent organ.
ization respectfully recommended
1st. That the name of the associa
tion be "The Society of the First
Cavalry of the Army of Northern
2. That the objects of the associa
tion be the preservation of the menmo
ries which consiituted the bond of
union of the old Brigade during the
late war, and the collection of the data
from which the history of the Brigade
can be written.
3. That the following officers be
President-Lt.-Gcn. Wade flamp
Vice-Presidents-Maj.-Gen. M. C.
Butler, ;Maj.-Gen. Win. T. Martin,
MLaj.-Gen. P. M1. B. Young, Brig..
Gen. L. M.- Baker,; Brig.-Gen. G. J.
Wright, Col. J. L. Black. Col. T. J.
Lipscomb, Lieut.-Col. - Macgruder.
Lieut.-Col. J. E. Rich, Lieut.-Col. J.
F. Waring, Maj. J. F. Hart, Capt.
G3. A. Roberts.
Historical and Corresponding Sec
retary-Maj. Theodore G. Barker.
4. That the President of the society,
with such of the vice-presidents as
may be within his reach, constitute
an executive committee to act for the
society during the interim of its
5. That the society meet annually,
and that the next meeting be at Au
gusta, Ga., on the second Wednesday
The following preamble and reso
lution were unanimously adopted
Whereas. Major Theodore G. Barker
has been elected to the responsible posi.
tion of historical and corresponding
secretary of this body.
Resolced, That the survivingofficers
of the various coinmands of the --old
First brigade" be, and are hereby,
earnestly requested to communicate to
Major Barker, at Charleston, S. C..
such historical facts as i!e in their
possession in regard to the muster
rolls of their companies and the part
taken by them in the engagements of
the war, that a complete and reliable
record uay thereby be speedily secured.
The reunion closed with a grand
ball and banquet.
At a recent sale of rare coins, an
American dollar of the year 1804 is
said to have been sold for $700.
A Frenchman has opened a restau
rant in Thomson street, New York,
where he gives a piece of bread, a
plate of vegetable soup, and a plate of
vegetables to order. for five cents.
Dr. Carpenter asserts that Newton's
law of gravitation is a mere hypothe
sis. This is an age of disenchant
ment. Even the man who falls in
love with a beautiful head of hair too
often discovers it is a mere hypothesis
Miss Kellogg says that American
girls have the sweetest voice in the
world. When one of them puts her
mouth to a hole in the fence and
"hollers" to the girl next door to
"fetch back them crimping irons," it
fills the air with melody.
A daughter of Dr. Crosby, of Ches
ter, on Monday last, while on a visit
to her relative, Mr. Atkinaou, some
miles from Chester, fell from the
sweep of a gin among the cog-wheels
of the machine, and was so badly
managed that death ensued.
In Mississippi it cost 8300,000 to
administer the government, before
the war; now, under radical rule, it
takes $1,500,000. Before the war
$4,550 paid the expenses of the Exe
cutive Department; $84,800 goes that
that way now.
Despatches from Geneva state that
the now storms have been unusually se
vere throughout Switzerland. Many
mountain passes are closed, and postal
communiccations a re suspended.
Avalanches are frequent, and many
chalets are completely covered up.
The Supreme Court of Maine has
decided that a woman cannot hold
th office of justice of the peace or
any other office mentioned in the con
stitution, but that the legislature may
authorize women to hold any office
created by that body.
Two French savants have presented
to the French Academy of Sciences
the result of their experiments upon a
flame produced by the mixture of sul
phate of carbon and bi:>xide of nitro
gen. The light produced by it is so
intense as to quite eclipse the sun.
By the help of it photographers will
be able to do their work at any hour
of the day or night, and in any con
dition of the atmosphere.
The only thing settled beyond
doubt as to the election which took
place in Louisiana nearly two months
ago. is the fact that the constitutional
amendments recommended by G ov.
Kellogg and approved by the Legisla
ture have been adopted by a pop)ular
vote. These amendments seem judi
cious, as four of them impose whole
some restrictions upon the extrava
gance of State offiials, and the fifth
changes the day of the State elections
to that fixed by law for Federal elec
A North Carolina paper says that
two negro girls, in want of a new
bonnet placed obstructions on the
Wilmington and Weldon railroad,
near Warsaw, the other day, as they say.
for the purpose of killing some ladies
on the train that they might secure
the bonnets. They have been tried
before a justice of the peace and sent
to Duplin. There would seem to be
a good opening for a milliner in that
Half a century ago, a family lived in
Louisiana, in which were two sisters
very young. The parents died and
left them helpless. They were adopted
by differeut families, became perma
nently separated, and went to other
parishes. Both married young, and
finally became neighbors in the same
parish, where they resided in the
same neighborhood and visited each
other for about thirty-five years be
fore discovering they were sisters.
The discovery took place last year,
and was celebrated with a family din
WOOD's HousaNor.D MiAzI?'.-This
excellent monthly is received. It is full of'
interesting variety, and is one of the cheap
est papers published. Only S1, address
Household Publishing Co., Now York.
On the 3d January, by the Rev. H. W.
Kubus, Mr. DaAnTON N. COATZS and Mrs.
CATEARINEa DIVVER, both of this County.
N~Iew A .?Piscellaneous.
National Bank of' Newberry.
The annual meeting of the Shareholdcrs
of this Bank will be held at 12 o'clock, M.,
on thme 2d Tuesday, 12th day of January
instant, in the Hail of the Banking House
. NO B.~ CARWILE, Cashier.
National Bank of Newberry.
A semni-ar.Hual dividend of fiv-e per cent.
(free of tax), on the Oapital Stock of this
.Bank, has been declared payable to abhre
holders on and after first instant.
By order of the Board of Director..
JNO. B. OARWILE, Cdshier.
Jan. t, 1-1It.
The creditors of the Estate of James C.
Buford, deceased, will present their clainms,
proven according to law, to the undersign
ed, or their Attorneys, Messrs. Pope, Pope
& Fair, or. or before the first day of March
next. M. M. BUFORD,
C. W. BUFORD,
T. W. DAVIS,
A dz'rs Eat, of James C. Buford, dec'd.
Ne wberry C. H., S. C., Jan. 4, 1875-1-3t*
A Note given by David Coleman to Hugh
Rodgers, with J. W. Galdwell as security,
amount $20, was lost on Sale-day in De
cember, 1874. This is to give notice that
the amount for which the Note was giren
has been paid. The finder of the Note will
return it to David Coleman.
Jan. , 1-t...1,
Mew X aI-isceUaneous.
The iun'-1irned havv this lay formlyl t
PATtUNEI i Il'. ano wi'll ntnebsr
at the old staud of .. M. w il:on & Co., un
der ths mnt: tanl stylo of
CIPMAN & CRIVfOR0.
We offer .itEAT INPUlCEMENTS in
Boots and Shoes,
FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS,
AND WILL SEI.L
L 4DIES' DRESS GOODS, from 10 to 12!c.
MENS' SHOES. from 75c. to $2.50.
31ENS' FU It H AT S, from 50c. to $3.0k).
Our stock of
is fill and will be SOLD AS LOW AS ANY
HOUSE IN NEWBERItY. We have on hnal
an<l will keep,
PURE RED OATS, CORN, PEAS, &C.
We will make
Barter a Specialty.
We ask our friends and acquaintances
for the share of patronage that has hereto
fore been bestowed upon the old firum, and
guarantee that our combined etforts will be
to please all who will favor us with a call.
J1;NIt-s E. CHAPMAN. I.AE_S_.. CRAWFORD.
For Sale, Lease or_Rent.
As I am desirous of changing location, I
propose to sell, lease or rent my house and
lot in the town of Newberry. i wish to do
it at once. A ny person wishing informa
tion as to particulars, call and see me or
J. P. Kinard. T1HOS. P. SLIDER.
Jan. 6, 1-2?.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
By James C. Leahy, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Daniel I. Haltiwanger hath
made suit to re, to grant him Letters of
Administration, of the Estate and effects of
John G. H1altiwanger, deceased.
These are therefore to cite and admonish
all and singular the kindred and creditors
of the said deceased, that they he and ap
pear, before ne, in the Court of Probate,
to be held at Newberry Court House, S. C.,
on the 20th day of January next, after
publication hereof, at 11 o'clock in the fore
noonl, to shew cause, if any they have, why
the said Administration should not be
granted. Given under my land, this 4th
day of January, Anno Donmin,. 1875.
J. C. LEAI1Y, J. P. 1. C.
Jan. G, 1-12t.
STONO PHOSPIATE CO.
OF CHARLESTON, S.. C.
WILLIAMS, BLACK & WILLIAMS, Agts.
No. 3 Cotton Exchange,
SOIiH ATLANTIC WHARF.
These First Class Fertilizers, carefully pre
l>ared under the special supervision of our
Chemist, Dr. ST. JULIEN RAVENEL, are
now offered at reduced rates.
I THE STONO SOLUBLE BUANO
Is a thoroughjly-amnmonianted Fertilizer.
THE STON0 ACIDJ PHOSPHATE
Is excellent for composting, or in the drill
SPECIAL RA-rES will be made withl all pur
chasers for Cksit ORDERs. Addrcs
E. C. WILLIAMS, Treasurer,
Key Box 48d, Charleston, S. C.
Agents at Newberry, LIEAVEI,I & SPEAR
Mys. Jan. 6, 1-3m.
THE BEST PAPER. TRY IT,
The SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN now in its 3)th
year. enjoys the widest e irculation of any week ly
newspaper of the kind in the world. A new
volume commences January 4, 1875.
its contents embrace the latest and most inter
esting informiation pertain ing to the industrial,
Mechanical and Scientific Progress of the World;
Descriptions, with Beautiful Engravingy, of New
Inventions. New Implements. New Processes,
and Improved Industries of all kinds; Useful
Notes. Recipes. .SgetosadAdvice, by
Practical Writers, for Wrmnand Employers,
in all the various arts.
Tne SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN is the cheap
est and best illustrated weekly paper published.
Every number contains from 10 to 16 original
engravings of new machinery and novel inven
ENGRAViNGS, illustrating Improvements,
Discoveries and Important Works, pertaining to
Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Milling,
Mining and 31etallurgy; Records of the latest
progress in the application of Steam, Steam En
gineerins. ltailways, Ship-Building, Navigation,
Telegr4ay, Telegraph F.ngineering, Electricity,
Magnetism. Light and Hfeat.
FARMERS. Mechanics, Engineers, Inventors,
MIanufacturers, Chemists, Lovers of Science,
Teachers. Clergymen. Lawyers and Peoph' of all
Professions. will find the Scientific Anmerican
useful to them. It should have a pisoe in every
Family, Library. Study, Office and Counting
Room; in every Reading Room, College, Acade
my. or School.
A year's numbers contain SS2 pages and Sev'
eral Hundred Engravings. Thousands of vol
nines are p reserved for binding and for reference.
The practical receipts are 'well wo rth ten times
the subscription price. Terms, 63.2) a year by
mail, including postage. Discount to Clubs.
Special circulars and Specimens sent free. May
be had of all News Dealers.
STAIn connection with the
Mes.rs. MUxes & Co. are Solicitors of American
and Foreign Patents, and have the largest estab
lishment in the world. More th an fift y thousand
a plications have been made for patents through
Patents are obtnined on the best terms, Models
of New Inventions and sketches examined and
advice free. A special notice is made ia the
Scientific American of' all Inventions Patented
through their Agency, with the name and reei
dece of the Patentee. Patents are often sold in
part or whole, to persons attracted to the Inven
tion by such notice Send for Pamphlet, 110
pages. containing laws and full directions for
Address for the Paper, or concerning Patents,
MUNN & CO., 37 Park Row, N. Y. Branch
Office. cor. F and 7th Sti., Washington. D. C.
Jan. 6, 1-if.
NOW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE,
1821 v0?LME. 1875
THE SA TURDAY EVENING POST
The oldest Literary and Family Paper in
Founded Aug. 4, A. D. 1821.
A large eight-page .Journal, ;printed on fine,
white paper, and beautifully illustrated. Con
taini' 'S columns of the choicest reading. Pow
erfut and popular Original and Serial Stories
from well-known writers of ability in each
number, with from ten to fifteen. Completed
Tales. Sketches and Essays, covering a wide
range of literature, and each the best of its kind
Our SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS will continue
to be a brilliant feature of' the paper-The
Boudoir, containing the very latest fashion news,
preented in most attractive form; Fairies'
Column and Our Own Sphinx, never-failing
sources of instructioni and amusement for the
LITTLE FOLKS. News of Interest, The Re
viewer, New Publications, Facetim, and the
Correspondents' Burea. con taining solid and
valuable instruction given in Answers to all
Inirers upon almost every question which
can be presented or discussed. Since TH.E POST.
passed into the hands of the present Editor and
Proprietor, neither labor nor expense have been
spared to make it the VERY BES Literary and
}aily Paper published. New life and vigor
have been infused into the old favorite; the best
writers now contribute to its columns, and the
reading matter, illustr-ations and ty graphical
appearance are equal to the very bet. THE
PUS r dur ing the year 1875 will contain a larger
fund of' instruction, amusement and entertamn
ment that san be procured for the same terms in
any other paper published.
TERMS FOR 1875.
Postage to any part of the United States, hith
erto paid by Subscribers, will, after the first of
January, 185. be paid by us, without additional
charge to our Subscribers.
THE POST will be sent to any address, either
single or in clubs, as follows: Single Sutieribers,
one copy, four months, 81.00; sIx months,
1.50; one year, $3.00. Clubs-Four copies,
one year, post-paid, for 810.00, which is 82.50
per copy. Eight copies, one year, for $20.00,
ad an additional copy FREE to any one remit
ting that amount at one time. Additions may
be made to Clubs at same rates. viz: $2.50 each.
Send stamp for specimen copy to
R.,T, C. WALER,
IEditor and Proprietor, 727 Walnnt St.,
TJa. 6;1__r. P2rYTA1DTra.
w7Iew X' JJi
We are in roce
SW E1DES IRON, lio-ls.
PLOW STEEL, NAILS,
OR A N G VCt-o.
39 Hayne St., and Corn
Jan. 6, 1-3m.
Office of School Coisoni.sioner
Vewbery ounty, S. 0.
NEWBERRaY, S. C., Jan. 5, 1875.
Teachers of Free Schools in this Coun
whose Certifieates hiave e.xpired, will ta
notice that the County Board of Exanmin
will meet in my oflice in Newherry, on n<
Saturday, the 9th inst., and Saturday,t
16th inst., for tho purpose' of examining:
plicants and renewing Certificates.
H!AlRY B~ SCOTT.
School Com'r., N. C.
Jan. 6, 1-t0".
By order from the Judge of Probate
Newberry County, will be so'd
Ons t/w 26th Day of Jianuary, 187
at the late residence of Jesse Dennis, dec
on Timothy Creek, three miles WVest
Prosperitv, Newberry Co., S. C., the fol!o
ig described property, to-wit: One Trn
of Land, containing
ONE HENDRED) AND CEVENTY ACRI
miore or less, andi bounded by lands of
H1. Denn:i, J. $. Hair and others. At
Horses, Mules, Hogs, Sheep, Gorn, Fodd
Cotton Seed, 1 Three-quarter Wagon, 13'
gy, Plantation Tools, Household and Kiti
Terms made known on day of Sale.
J. B. DENNIS and
S. C. DENNIS,
Qualified Executor and Executrix.
We are prepared to furnish LUMBER
AT REASONABLE PRICES
We have good timber from which to mat
facture lumber. Parties wishing to bu
or re'pair will do well to send or bri
their orders to us. Our Mill is 7 miles 1
low Prosperity, on the Holly's Ferry Ro
CEORCE BROWN & SOh
PROSPERITY, S. C.
Jan. 6, 1-lm.
Jan. 6, 1-2m.
TH WILSON SHTTLE
The Best and Cheapest in ti
Rereafter the General Office in Colunml
BY THE HALF DOZEN,
To Merchants, Dealers a::d Gianges,
At Wholesale Cash Prici
A good active agent wanted for Newb<
Address all orders to
MOORE & COZBY,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Dee. 28, 1-ti.
pt of a full line of
TRA(CE CHLAEN3 b
1)OT'J- W-lR E.
BY AID FOPPE b'TTmil
-0 - cold:
-0 - Live
I & OO0 U,
Dr King and Market Streets, F
;TON, S. C.
Pursuant to the order of the Hion. Jam.es
C. Leaby, .Judge of Probate, I will sell,
ke On Thursday. the 7th Day of Jan
he at the late residence of Baylus M. Buzard,
P-. deceated, all the l'ersonal Poet fsi
(deceased, conpersting ofi
One lHorse ,(
-j Two Mules,
O~ H useold and Cotton Seed, C
Houehod a dKitchen Fur
-Aniture, FOR CASH.
w- THOMAS D. BLZZA RD,
et AsAdm'r., Est. of B. M. Buzzard, dec'd.
Dec. 23, 1874 -52-2t*SI
P OFFICE OF COUNTY TREASURER,
so.-wberry, So. Ca., Dec. 29, 1874.
rThe office of the County Treasurer is
now open for the payment of taxes, and
bwill remain open every day fronm date until
the 20th of January, alter which time a
penalty of 20 per cent. accrues upon all
taxes remaining unpaid. The following is J
the rate of taxation: ..
For State Purposes, 10 2-5 Mills.
For County Purposes, 3 Mills.
__ For Pension and Past Indebtedness, 1 Mill.
,iFor School Purposes, Township No. 1,
1 Mill. 1
For School Purposes, Township No. 2, up i
1 Mill. me
.For School Purposes, Township. No. 3,
inm 2 Mills. St
For School Purposes, Township :No. 4,
I For School Purposes, Township No. 5, evei
11 MilLs. my
u- For School Purposes, Township No. S, 2
ng For School Purposes, Township No. 10, 1
eC- Mill. as C
d- For School Purposes, Township No. 11, i Ma
No School Tax levi..l in Townships Nos.so
6, 7 and 9. S1
Taxes payable in C yld or Silver Coin,A
Treasury Notes and Na-.ional Bank Bills. "
All orders and school claims must be pre
seated for payment on the first Saturday
after the 1st and 15th days of each month.
JESSE C. SMITH,
Dec. 20, -2t. County Treasurer.
Progressive Age copy once. set~
"The Family Favorite." rers
T HE B]
Is now on Exhibition, and ready for sale, for
MRS. D. MOWER, and
GENERAL AGENT, wi
For Newberry and Laurens Counties. AL
I have one of the New Weed Sewing Ma
chines in use in my family, and in addition
to the satisfaction it gives my wife and
daughter, I will add my own opinion as a
practical mechanic, that for Px:arie-rroN 0f
WIoRKMANsHiP in build, ease of nmanipula
tion, simphecity of con:aruction and readi- bef
Iiness of adjustment, it ia No-r xxcELuxo by
any other sewing machine in the market. Ha
JESSE I. LORD,
Mechanical Edit or of "Scientifie American."
Aug. 27 , M-f.
ia ST. JOHN!
Wednesday Night! o~
Splendid Feast !
T 'ime. G; o'clock to 10 o'clock, P. M. BEFORE
and AFrERL dedication of I[all. 1'RICE 75c.
Marshaill will have an abundance of behtH
Nansemnond itiver OYSTEitS. fresh fromn Suf
iolk. Va., all dluring the holidays, AT RE- (In
rALL READY FOR CHRISTMAS! repa
COME AT ONCE TO MARSHALL'S H
Dec. 2:1, 51-tf. O
PAVILION HOTEL, A
arleon~~ , SroCictf
a T a TERn & M - Pranrietern bIG
-_ .Jledie es.
nild sperient andlgentle purgative, re
iiimlen I for:he cure : all derangements
( stomiiaci. liver and bwels. By their
ly use nuch sickness is )Crevented. The
r1 iany years have proven them to be
safest, ,urest andt best of all the pills
.tle-to'1he iblic. They purify the
I, emwe a:l corruptions and restore
lise:ad .s4tem to perfect health. As
ntidote to Chills and Fever they have no
I. For Sick Headache and Bilious Coli$
a r(-u-iiren ur. For Constipation, Rhea
sm. Piles, Palpitation of-the Heart Pain
te Side, Back and Loins, Nervousness, a
.ive ren.wy. For Female Irregularitie
out a rival. When one does not "feel
w*I." a i:gle dose st imulates the sto
i anta to.elv.i.s. restores theappetite, and
Lrt1 vi_-(ir to the system. Sold every
-e. Otice. IS Murray Street. New York.
)r. Tutt's Hair Dye
sily appliedl. imparts a beautiful black
own. and sets like magic. The best in
world. Sold by all druggiste. Price,
s ghastly record of deaths that requltfrom
ionary affections is frightful. There is
bease that is so insiduous in its attack
mnsunption. By the neglect of "slight
i" they soon become deep seated and
remedies whieb. if applied at the out.
wuNl have averted :l danger. Dr.
S Expectorant has proven itelf theMad
Lble Lung Balsam ever discovered. A
aguished clergyman of New York, pro
ices it the "greatest blessing of the nine
th century." and says "no family should
thou1t it.'' It is pleasant to the taste,
a single dose will often remove the most
inate c6ugh. Office, 1S Miurray Street
York. Apr. 1, 8-ly.
IMONS' HEPATIC COMPOUND
pronounced by Dr. C. A. Simmons, who
the lornier proprietor of Simmons'
r Regulator. as being far superior to
Liver Medicine now olfered the public.
s a large circulat ion and is stilt gaining
ad. Although this is a new prepara
we unIhesitatingly say we can produe
ood certitcates 'rom as good men as
and can unitiiih.
is Medicine is now for sale at Manufac.
rs rates by
DR. W. F. PRATT,
Sole Agent for this place.
E. L. KING & SONS,
WFACTURERS AND PROPRIETORS,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
b. 2-5, S-Iy.
VER AND PLATED WAREI
C., SC. SC
aving just remodelled and newly fitted
n store, I would ask the public to gi?e
m eall, ais my
ock is Now the Largest
offered i tis part of the State, and
PRICES AS LOW
in be found in the South.
y goods are bougit direct from the
ufacturers, and, consequently, can be
as cheap as any other House in the
11 American Gold and Silver Watches
at Manu factuerers' Caitalogue prices.
keep a !arge stock of
pectacles and Eye
nt Gold, Stee!. itbber ami Shell Framei,
uit all ages, frc:n the: best Manufactu
large stock af
'thday and Bridal Presedea,
Enigagem ent Rings, &c.
i my Establishment Gold Is sold
Gold, and Brass is sold for Bras.
11 goods sold warranted as represented,
my estoersmay rely upon getting
ttev blg. for.
.KINDS OF WATCH, CLOCK AID
SWELRY REPAIRING DONE AT
SHORT NOTICE AND IN WORK
'rs by Mail or E.<press, for work or
is, will receive protipt attention.
.ods setnt G. 0. D. to all parts of the
try, with tihe privilege of examining
a paying for them.'
ir Jewelry of all Deserip
tions Made to Order.
)HN F. SPFGW
t. 1.' 41-tf. Augusta.
tor m rl occupied by Webb,
adies, Bridies, Harness, &c., made
des bought and exch'anged for goou
deis promptly filled.
shtr of pubic patrontge i resp~
J. N. BAS I C