Newspaper Page Text
ans, rbru ~must4vlb
SIMI T Wl TI F. S
- X 21 3i 41 51 6
7' ., 1O 11 12|13
17118 19 :.20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
HINTS FOR THE FARMERS
THE CULTIVATION OF CLOVER-IT
VALUE AS A SOUTHERN CROP.
An Essay Read before the State A9
ricaltural and Mechanical Societ
by Mr. S. C. Mear s, of Spartan
Although clover as a forage cro]
has received some attention fror
the pens of a few writers througl
the different agricultural journalq
yet the great mass of Southeri
farmers appear to be both ignoran
of its value as well as the best meth
od of cultivating it. Having hai
six years of experience in the cul
tivation of clover, and having sow]
upon different characters of soil a
different seasons of the year, an<
in different ways, your writer wil
endeavor as concisely as possibl<
to give the result of his experience
and if possible indicate what t
himself has proven the most sue
cessful method. The following or
der of treating the subject will b,
adoptel. The seed, soil and its pre
paration; time and method of sow
ing; manures used; its value a
feed for stock; its value as ai
agent for improving lands, and it:
importance under the present con
dition of things as an economica
supplement to the grain crops o
First, care should be taken in th,
selection of seed so as to get then
as pure as possible. It is some
times the case that noxious weed:
and grasses aie introduced wit]
the clover seed, which are difficall
to eradicate. It would be well t<
deal only with the most reliable seed
merchants, and when nan unmixei
and an unadulterated article is se
cured each farmer should gathei
his own seed. This can be doni
(though rudely) by cutting what i;
known as the second crop, when the
seed have ful!y ripened, and run
ning through a common grail
thresher and winnowing. The
straw, though not so nutritious
when cut at so late a period, will
yet repay the care and labor os
saving, as cattle will eat it greedily
during the winter and be muel
Whoever sows clover upon a poor
soil unaided by fertilizers, no mat
ter to what class of soils it belongs,
nor what may be its mechanical
cindition, will certainly find that
his time and labor have been thrown
away. Any soil that rests upon a
stiff clay sub -soil, within a reasona
ble distance from the surface, may
be made to produce good crops of
clover by proper manuring and
draining if necessary. The best
results have been obtained from
stiff clay soils, (the less sand the
better,) well manured. The soil
should be well and deeply broken
w i t h narrow, diamond-pointed
ploughs, and the surface as thor
oughly pulverized as possible. If
large clods should be thrown un, a
hecavy two-house roller should fol
low ; but if the laxnd is just in the
right condition and breaks well, the
roller need not be used until after
the seed atnd manure have been
It is often the case that we find
what is known in wet weather as
sprouty places. These should be
well drained (under-draining is
best) to prevent the severe freezes
of winter from throwing out the
elover, as it will be sure to do, no
matter bow well it may be estab
lished in the soil, previous to the
freeze. It is best that the land
should have been clean!y cultiva
ted for two or more years previous
to putting down to clover, and thus
avoid as far as possible those pests,
crabgrass, ragweeds, &c., which
some persons claim to be an advan
tage as they shade and protect the
clover from the sun, but which ac
cording to my experience choke
down and destroy it. Immediately
after the soil is prepared (which
should be done in .September) the
manure should be broadcast, also
the clover seed at the rate of
twelve or fifteen pounds per acre,
then harrowed in and rolled. A
c-ompound of one hundred pounds
each of Peruvian guano, dissolved
bone or acid phosphate, and land
j.nter. would be sufficient to give
the plant a vigorous growth, and sto
so establish it as to resist the int
freezes of winter. Stable manure, I
cotton seed, ashes, lime, and in ma
fine ahnos: anything that tends to
enrich the soil, uill be found to be a
beneficial to clover.
A less amount of seed might be
used if they were all perfect and dre
equally distributed, but practically dol
we find th.t fifteen pounds is not to
too much, as the great desidera- No
tum is to secure a good "catch." cos
Again, when the clover is thickly Ian
"set" upon the soil, the yield will cro
be greater and the stalk smaller, gra
consequently it -,ill "cure" better not
and make better hay It has been
the practice of some persons to mi mu
the seed with ashes, lime, sand or
some other divisor in order to sow ref
regularly, but I have found that nul
any one accustomed to sowing small of,
grain well can soon learn to dis- bu
tribute clover seed regularly and hal
equally and without other aid. It hal
would be well to select a quiet time bal
- when the wind is not blowing for tw
sowing the seed. Farquhar's iron- val
toothed, expanding harrow is ad- ca'
p mirably adapted to the work OI L
a -oulverizieg the soil and turning in
i the seed and fertilizer. A simple ha
, roller can be constructed by insert- lan
ing in the ends of a section of a car
t log, four or six feet in length by c
- one and a half to two feet in diam an
I eter, gudgeons, to which shafts or a tw
- tongue can be attached as the power al
2 to overcome the obstinacy of the bu
t clods may be found necessary. All fer
I good gardeners are aware of the Sir
I necessity of compacting the soil in
upon small seeds in order to pro- 0
duce simultaneous and perfect ger- Co
m mination. The same rale is appli- ho
- cable to clover. ral i
Clover seed can often be har
irowed in, or othei: small grain, in gr<
- February or Ma:ch, with good re- ott
- sults-or it would yet be better, if ,
s not down until then. to sow it alone. val
1 When sown in the spring, or other tap
small grain, its growth is dwarfed tw
- by the superior growth of the other, the
I and when the other is cut off, a tot
f sickly growth of clover, unused to pa
the sun, is left to dwindle and die ren
under the influence of a hot har- ed
-peculiarly favorable-even then un- tre
drthe most favorable circum
stances the grasses and weeds have
an equal, if not a better start thtan g*
the clover, and will retard its dr
growth, if not endanger its exist- an
.Clover sown in September with- up'
-out any otber grain will giea sul
good yield the following spring, ap
and if intended for hay should
never be p)astured at any time.go
IIn most sections of the South eb8
clover is not needed as a pasture, t
as the wild clover and broomusedge ced
upon our "old fields" afford the foil
best pasture (everything c-onsid- wi
cred) we can possibly bave. A inc
top-dressing in early spring, such cre
as was harrowed in with the seed, wi
will be found to pay well. Twelve clo
or fifteen bushels of lime per acre, val
broadcast on a well-established tha
clover sod in the fall, will procure f"y
remar kable results. Lime, besides ta
being one of the most important due
constituents of the plant, will soak tha
wihterains through the soil,act- sup
ing mechanically in decomposing mg~
the organic, and in disintegrating pro
much of the inert, inorganic mat- and
ter and preparing it foIln od l
Whist andplaster is considered I
the specific manure, and is cei tain. of
ly valuable, yet I have never ob- COf"
tained such results from its use as in t
is generally attributed to it, and
would not rely on it alone to se- se
cure a good crop. One bushel pric
per acre, broadcast on the field less
*not long after a crop is taken off, selv
:&iSO in ear-ly spr-ing, just as the geni
plant is beginning a lively growth, iall-c
will be found very beaufticial. Sha(
liarvesting a crop of clover is to s
very simple and cheap, when Cot
pr-operly pi-epared for it. A two-en
horse mower, one-horse rake aud tool
lour h-an'ls can easily cut, rake ger
and throw into hay-cocks the crop a Ih
of six acres in one day, leaving by
theaviesting and housing' as the tion
hevistpart of the work. Im- to f
plements have been invented for nieai
facilitating the hauling and hous- ket~
ing, (making the work a light of
one.) and will be usedl here when at ji
*we get to raising clover more ex- der
tensively. When clover is pre- pr
pared and wilted, it should then stor
be raked and thrown up into hay- ah
cocks, to remain about two days, awa
when it will be ready for housing. the
Of course the weather should, tof tI
a great extent, control its manipu
lation. Of that each one must be so
his own judge. But it will be rais
said ',bat every one cannot buy ato
mower and horse rake. This ob,- naa
jection can be easily met by carry- afte
iny out the fundamental principlecr
of the Patrons of Husbandry-co- the
operation. One mower and rake ly a
can easily save a dozen or more to h
fair crops of clover per annum, and tive
the expense upon each would be clot
trifling. Tb uniting togeth- be
er in the pur ~, quite a number feed
of farmers, at a small cost, would jcott
have the benefit of these great Ia- yet
The value of clover as feed for the
,k depends not only upon its
-insic worth per se, but the cost
,rowing, harvesting, &c.. enter
,erially into the calcnlation.
application of the compound
uadv given upon a-A acre Of
r land in September, at the
e of sowing, with the same re
ted early in spring as a top
ssing, will at a cost of twenty
lars give from one and a half
,wo tons of hay at one cutting.
account will be taken of the
t of preparing and sowing the
d, working and gathering the
p, as compared with other
in crops, as the difference is
very great, except with corn,
en the cost of the latter is
omo idea can be formed of the
ritive value ofclover bay by
-rrin. to Bossingault's table of
ritive equivalents, who makes
ton of the hay worth forty
hels of oats, twenty-four and a
f of wheat, twenty-four and a
f of corn, twenty-five and a
f of rye, and twenty-six and
)-thirds of barley. The market
ue of these articles will indi
e the real value of one ton of
sow this is but little over the
f of one crop from an acre of
w land, at a cost of twenty dol
s in fiertilizers. A second crop
be had the same year and
irly equal in quantity and value,
I the same amount realized for
> years more without addition
>reparation or sowing and with
a moderate expenditure for
tilizers as a top-dressing.
iilar treatment of land, already
,ood heart..will be attended with
)d results much more favorable.
ver is a valuable feed for
-ses, cattle and hogs, but 's es.
iaiiy so for work animals, con
ing, as it does, so much of the
h-forming principles. As a
en manure, perhaps there is no
er crop so valuable-certainly
ie possessing so many other
unble qualities. Having a long
-root. penetrating the soil from
lave to eighteen inches in depth,
sub-soil which has never been
ched by the plough-point is
-tially under-drained by being
dered more porous and warm
by a freer circulation of air,
ilst it is forced to yield its rich
asures for ages unused. At the
ao time the leaf is drawing
ru the air (the source of all or
lie manures) fabulous amounts
~he elements of fertility. Thus
twing from the air the organic,
I from the sub-soil the inorgan
nanures and assimilating them,
>n decay, restore them to the
-face soil where they are easily
>ropriated by succeeding crops.
'he cost, therefore, of producing a
d crop of clover should not be
rged alone to the clover, because
value of the land is greatly enhan
,and the yield of other crops that
>W vaWty increased. The cost,
m properly divided between the
-eased value of the land and the in
tsed production of succeeding crops,
be very small indeed upon the
~er when compared with its real
te. I have no hesitancy in saying
t.hrge facts can be established in
r of clover-that it is the most cer.
crop we can raise, that it will pro
e more feed for stock at less east
2 any other crop, and that it is far
3rior to any other crop as a fertiliz
agent. Whilst I feel equal to the
>f of these assertions, yet the time
occasion will not allow the discus
-ssuming, then, that our estimate
lover is correct, we come fnally to
;ider the influence it should have
he future of the South. Unfortu
ily for the Southern people, cotton
is to have demanded, remunerating
es, and all have gone into it reck
y, hoping thereby to lift them
es from the mire into which the
~ral wreck ha:s thrown them. The
otton system, under this Upas
le of government, has tended only
ok thema deeper in the mire
aon field laborers as rulers infnu
ed by their willing and thievish
s, commonly krown as carpet-bag
and scalawags, and backed by
~stile National Government, have,
heir boasted system of confisea
and by taxation, so arranged it as
iake the production of cotton cost
ly all that it is worth in the mar
whilst a very co)nsiderable portion
ie supplies used must be bought
rst as much loss as they cost. Un
this system the cotton planter
ecr (unless he has set up a little
to catch his neighbor's cotton
) has found himself frittering
7', gradually though constantly,
little that was left from the wreck
.change is therefore needed-a
athing that is more economically
~d than cotton and more difficult
onvert to another's use in order to
e the farm self-sustaining, and,
e this, cotton only as a market
and the exponent of our clear
its. Our great want is to procure
prime necessaries of life as cheap
s possible, and at the same time
old up our lands to a high produe
eapacity. A judicious shift with
er can alone dou this--through this
icy (if any) must our lost fortune
edeemed. With clover as a cheap
crop and a cheap fertilizer, and
>n as a market crop, something may
be accomplished with negro labor,
igh under the baneful guidance
lose disinterested philanthropists,
crneather and scalawag.
R. & W.C
Are now opening the largest,
IATS AND GENTS' F
That can be found in the City.
IN OUR CUSTOM
W e have a full line of FOREI
SIMERES and VESTINGS, v
der in the best manner, and gu
All orders will have best att
Goods sent C. 0. D., subject
JOHN C. DIAL,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Lime, Cement, Plaster, Hair, Laths,
Locks, Hinges. Nails, Brad, White Leads
and Colored Paints, Varnishes, Brushes,
Paint Oils, Glass, Putty, &c. s
All goods warranted as represented, and. I
prices guaranteed as low as any house in 8
this city for same quality of goods.
Nov. 4, 44-OAw.
FALL AND WINTER d
CLOTIM AND lATS,
MENS' FURNISHING GOODS.
KINARD & WILEY,
COLUMBIA, S. C., r
R;Ls peg tf,,lly anno1unce thut their stoek of11
C LOTHIs ant HATS is complete, and will I
be kept so through the season; is the larest
in the city, and will be sold at LOWVET
HATS HATS HATS
WOOL IN FELT SILK V
50e. up to $8.00.
Scarlet Shirts and Drawers f
in Silk and Merino.
Boys' and Youths' Clothing,
New Styles. Fashionable Cut. C
Business Suits, $6, $8, $10,
$12, $15, and up to $80. '
SUIRTS. SCARFS. GLOVES. BRACES, SUS. d
PENDERS, TRUNKS, VALISES. SILK
U-NIBICELLAS. and GINGHAM, in
great varieties, LOW IN PRICE.
Oct. 21, 42-tf.
JOHN C. DIAL,
Direct Importer and Dealer in
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
Has the largest variety of HARDWARlE
to b.- found in the State. Call or send or
dets and be convinced. Prices and quality
of goods guaranteed.
Orders accompanied with cash or satis
factory referer,ces, will have prompt atten
tion. Nov. 4, 44-3m.
Seegers' vs. Cincinnati
The Cincinnati Gazette makes the aston
ishing announcement that Cincinnati beer
is no longer pure, but adulterated with mo
lasses, sugar of starch, fusel oil arid the
poisonous coichicumt. The Commissioner
of Agriculture, in his report for 1865, says
that Prof. Mapes, of New York, analyzed
the beer from a dozen different breweries,
and found all of it adulterated. Cocculus
Indieus and ntux votwica entered largely in
to its composition.
J. C. SEEGERS guarantees his beer to be
pure and reliable. He. does noL adulterate
it, but brews from the best barley, mialt and
hops. Feb. 4, 5-tf.
JOHN C. DIAL,'
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
Hia a full stock of Building Materiel,
Catrpenters', Blacksmiths', Masons' and Tan
All goods warranted as represented.
Prices as low as the lowest for good goods.
Orders with the cash, or satisfactory re
ferences, promptly attended to.
Nov. 4, 44-3mt.
M. GOLD'-MIH P. hIND.
jCOLUMBIA, S. C.
GOLDIMITIl & KIND.
Have always on hand
Stationary Steam Engines
and Boilers for Saw
SAW AND GRIST MILLS,
CASTINGS of (every kind In Iron or Brass. t
We guaraintee to furnish Engines and
15olers of us good quality and power, and
at as low rates as can be had in the North.
We manufacture, also, the GADD)Y IM
PROVEI) WATEII WHEEL. which we re
commeindl for power. sirmplicity of construe
tIon, durability and cheapness.
We warrant our work, and assure prompt
ness and dilspatch in illing orders.
GOLDSMITH A KIND),
.Jan. 14, 2-t f. Columbia, S. C.
THE FALL SESSION
WILL COMMENCE ON THE 16TH SEPT.
A. P. PIFER, A. M., Principal,
WITH COMPETENT ASSISTANTS.
The advantages afforded by this institu- (I
tion for a thorough and complete educa
tion, are second to no other in the State,
while the re
Tuition is low, viz: from 812.50 to $22.50
in advance, or on satisfactory securities.
Boarding in private families at moderate
For further particulars enquire of the fu
Secretary of the Board, Mr. S. P. Boozer,
or of A. P. PIFER,
July 29, SO-tf. APrincipal.
A, S. C.,
most elegant and stylish
GN and DOMESTIC C AS
vhich we are making to or
to inspection. Sep...,:
itationery aud Binding.
iff STITIONERY ilOUSE.
E. R. STOKES
HAS just opened, in the new and hand
)me buildiug immediately opposite the
'benix otlice, on Main street, a complete
ST A T IONERY,
omprising Letter, Cap and Note Paper, of
I sizes, qualities awl of every descrip:ion;
'lat Papers of Cap, 1Demy, Donble-Cup, Me
ium, Royal, Super-Royal, arid Imperial
zes, which will be sold in any quantity, or
ninufac,ured into Blank Books of ny air.e,
nd ruled to aiy pattern, and bound in any
tyle, at short notice.
n endless variety-all sizes, colors and qualIl
if every variezy, Memorandum and Pass
looks, Pocket Books, Invoice arid Letter
looks, Rcceipt Books. Note Books.
ARCHIEUS and 1)RAUGHTSMEN will
tid a coniplc:c stock of materials for their
se. Drawing Paper, in sheets and rolls,
ristol Boards, Postal Paper and Boards, Oil
aper Pencils, Water Colors, in enkes and
oxes,irushes, Crayons, Drawing Pens.
f every description; a great variety of con
enient and useful articles for both reachers
Photograh Albums, Writing Desks, Port
>ios, Cabas, with boxes, and a countless
Alse, i most elegant stock of Gold Pens
nd Pencil Cases, superbly-mounted Rnbber
Black, Blue, Violet and Carmine, Indelible
nd Copying; Mucilage; Chess and Back
ammon Men arid Boards: Visiting and Wed
ing Cards, and everything usually kept in a
'irst Class Stationery House,
hich the subscriber intends this shall be.
He will still conduct his BINDERY and
LANK BOOK MANUFACTORY and PA
ER-RULING ESTABLISHMENT, which
as been in successful operation for over
iirty years in this State, and to which he
ill continue to devote his own personal at
ntion. His stock will be kept up fall and
mpete, and his prices will be found always
!asonable, and he hopes to have a share of
E. R. SToKES, Main Street,
Nov. 15, 46-tf Opposite Phcenix Office.
lNos. 3 Broad Street and 109 East Bay Street,
I CHARLESTON, S. C.
YET, BY USINo CHE~APERL GnAD)E< OF T(\K.
WE CAN Ft'RNIsH WOIIK A 2
LOWEST LIVING PRICES.
FINE FASMI1tAB[E STATONEBY,
Piries Paper and Envelopes.
wedding and Qall Invitations
ON THE BEST sTocK AND PRINTED N IHE
Sep. 9, '74-3l6-1y.
Stoves, Tin Wlare, St.
~TOES, TIN W11R, &t?
(5UCCESS01t TO W. T. W RIGIIT.
Repecfully informs the citizer,s of New
'rr, that he has bought out the, entire
ock or \r. W. T. Wright, and havinrg
ade Large Additions
the same is prepared to supply all de
At Low Prices for Cash.
He keeps on hand every kind of
tove, Cooking, Parlor and
d all other artic-les in the tin line, and is
epard to execute all kinds of repairing.
Guttering and Roofir.g
tended to promptly.
An examination of stock, and orders for
L,. H. RED)US, Agent.
i store formierly occupied by Webb, Jones
Saddles, Bridles, Harness, &c., made and
Hides bought and exchanged for goods.
ordrs promptly filled.
A share of public patronage is respect
Jo. 4t. N. BASS.
V E -ETABLE
J VER PILL!
A mild aperient andigentle purgative, re
commended forthe cure o. all der&ransgetents
of the -tomacli. liver anil bowels. By their
tiniely use much sickness is prevented. The
test OfMan Ve:r IJILVe proven them to be
the saft-st, surest and best of all the pills
ever otTereil to the public. They lurify the
I blood, reimove all Corruptions al reztore
the d iSeIS eI system to perfeCt health. As
an Antidote to Chills and Fever t hey have no
equal. For Sick Headache and Bilious Colic
thy area sue -cure. For Constipation, Rheu
matism, Piles, Palpitation of the Heart, Pain
in the Side, Back and Loins, Nervousnew, a
plositive reuedy. For Female Irregularities,
without a rival. When one does not "feel
very well." a single dose stimulates the sto
mach and bowels. restores the appetite. tnid
imparts vigor to the system. Sold every
where. Ottice, I-Murray Street, New York.
Dr. Tutt's Hair Dye
Is easily applied. ihparts a beatitiful black
or. brown. and acts like magic. The best in
thie worbll. so]1 Iy all <ruggists. Price,
$1.10 a box.
The ghastly record of deaths ihat revuilt from
pilnonary aTeet ions is frightf-il. There i.
io lisease that is so insiIuous in it.s attack
s consunption. By tIe neglect of "slight
colds'tiev soon become deep sented and
delr mele which, if-applicd at thle ouit.
et, would ihave averte4l all danlger. Dr.
Tot t*. Expietorit lias proven itselrthe most
valuable Lung ilalsam ever discovered. A
distinguished clergyman of New York, pro-i
nII Iu nces it I he cgeatest blessiI of I the ti ie
teenth century." and says "no family slhold
be v.itiolt it." It is plekasant to the taste,
a single dose will olten remove thi most
obstilnate cough. Ofice. l slurray Street.
New York. Apr. 1, S-7y.
SIMMONS' HEPATIC COMPOUND
Is pronotin,-ed by Dr. C A. Simmons, who
was the loriier proprietor tif Sitnimon '
Livor HgUlator. as being far superior to
tny Liver Medicine now oIered the Iub)lic.
It has at large cirCuLatioi and is still gaining
gromnd. Althouitght this is a ne4w prepara
tion we nTihesitatingly say we can produce
;Is good! certilleates lrom as .;ood men as
our lai Cm tirnislh.
This Medicine ;I now for sale at Manufae
turl--n raItes by
DR. W. F. PRATT, P,
S %li Agent for tli. place. &
E. L. KING & SONS, 1
I MANI'FACTII-'tS AND l'ROPRIETORIS,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
DR. H. BAER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
NO. 131 MEETING STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
May 2, 18-tf. __
FORALLTAINGS ARE NOW READY r
Having just returned from the Northern I
Cities, atnd the National Photographie As
sociation at Buffalo, I feel better prepared _
to do good work than ever before, by the
udtvanstages of theC Iatest improvements, and
the prettiest styles.
My stock is lairger than ever, and among
wihiebl aire, a fine lot of
Albums, Fancy L
Picture Paper Weights, &c.
I tan prepatred to take co
PHOTOGRAPHS, FERROTYPES, o
Copying and Enlarging Old Pictures, A
Taking Residences, &c.
Camlli while the pretty we-ather lasts ; re- in
membuter that delavs are dangerouz, and do le
not put it oif.
A proof is always furnished for inspection t
before the picture- i.s printed. Iau
The surcet way- is to come at once and ti
get pictutres at the Newherry Gallery of the
'-ver ready Photogropher,
W. H. WISEMAN.
Oct. 8, 40 -tf.
COLUMBIA, S. C
\:st,)rf to the city are respectfully in
vited to visit myv rootns, w here can be seen
spechnens of piet'tres in :il s-tyles-- of the Art.
Satisfaction: guar anteed and11 pri-es. cheap.
A. M. RISER, :a
(let. 1, :' - f. Plain Street.
C. M. HARRIS,
Cabinet Maker & Undertaker.
htas on hantd and will mnake to order, Bed
s.teads, Bure-aus, Ward robes, Safes, Sotas
Settees, Lounges, &c e
Cabinet Work of ai kinds made and r-e
paire Oi on hieral termus.
Has on hand a full snpply of Metatlic, Ma
hiogtany and R.>,ewood Intrni.l Cases.
Cottins made, to order at short notice, and
Oct 9 40 tr. MARTIN HARRIS.
Fik' 8M taIi B i aI Cases8
THlE SUBSCRIBER has constantly or.
hand a fullassortuient of the above- appt'oved
cases, of different pat.terns, besides coffins
of his own make, all of which lie is prepared
to furnish at very reasonable rates, with
promptness and despatch.
Persons desirouts of having cases sent by
railroad will have thetm sent free of charge.
A Hearse is always on hatnd and will bev
ftrnished at the rate of $10 per day.
Thankful for past patronage, the sub
eeriber respectfully asks for a continuation
of the samte, and assures the public that
no effort on his part will he spart ' to render
the utmost satisfaction.
R. C. CDlA?MAN,
Newberry S. C., July :31.
BOA\RD REDUED TO 83,00O PER D.1 .
COLUMBIA, S. C.
The Propritor of this well known FIRST
CLASlIHOTEL wouldi re-pectfully info rm~
his many frienads ail tihe : r.veling public
genterally, thatt lie has this d.,y REIUCEI)
IS RATES (OF IP.\IRD from $4 per day
to $3 P'ER i)AY, anid at the saume time
pledges himself to spare no pains itn the
mtanagement of the htouse to sutstai n its r-D
putation as a first c-lass Hotel ini every re- I
rpect. WM. GORMAN,
July 3C1, :10-if. Proprietor.
FOR YOUR MEALS
as,Breakfast Going U'p and Dinner i
____ Going_Down .%ii
PAVILION HOTEL, an
~Charleston, S Ci
G. T. ALTFARD &1 CO. Proprietors
14- J .dker's California
inolar itters arv a purely Veg
tableprep:aation. :nade chiedy from
h::itive hvri;s f11undl on the lower
:i. :-e S-ivrra Nevadai monu
i L f C;!:i, the medicinal
,:ichich are extracted
be t-'ri 1ho t the usc of Alcohol.
heli,. 6 . :an'St daily asked,
r "l :to e of thle unpar
is. that they
e:'': ( I disease. and
-. 'rect Reno
of the system.
of the world
. : I... co:: Iipotunded pos
i-:lities of VIn
::: the sick of
n tli-a m*; 1 :o ; t er to. They are
-vil as a Tonic,
tl[*...: :.. :. : n Wr 1::1!aminiation of
. .raus, in Bilious
Thw proporties of Dit. WALK
': A perient, Dia
v., -.-C -. Gv . onnte.r-I rri tant,
: A nti-13ilious.
R. H. )feDONALD & CO.,
Druggists & Gen. Agts.. San Francisco. Califor.
ais, & cor. of Waahington and ChgrItoa Sta,N.Y.
Sold by al DruggistU and Dealers.
A pr. 2,.. 1.C 4 -17-y.
. N. PARKER,
rccESSOR TO WEBB, JONES & PARKEE,
et wmn Pol': Hotel 'ild the Pot Office,)
DEA LEI IN
Having 1ouh t the E \ T I R E S T O C K
th. lurt,e:,s and Sa,idle Manufactory of
Joxrs. Webb, Joes & Parker, I am pre
i(d t do all kinid of work in this line.
[so n ill keep on liawl for sale, HARNESS,
DIJDLE3, &e., 11AR(NESS LEATHER,
)ILE LEATHlER, UPTERi LEATHlER, &c.,
the est and cieap-st. REPAIRING
d all work done to order
t Cash Prices and at Shortest
VM. C. BEE & C0.,
Adger's Wharf, Charleston, S. C,
Liberal ad vances :nade upon consignmcn ts
'Cotton anrd other ;,roduce to them in
'rarleston., or through the:n to their cor
sponden'rts in Liverpool, New York arnd
Pa~rtwular aIttaidion git;en to .'*de of
0:o I. Jn:r .L.'r N. CuIsot.
ST A SI' L LL E, 11 1 EEL L Co., N. C.,
ading -Newspaper in Western North Caro
it is the only Demrocratic Paper published in
idell County-one oh the largest and wealthiest
unties in the Statei-uud has attahujed a larger
:al circulationr thain any paper heretofore pub
hedl in the county.
Its circulation in Alexander, Wilkes, Auhre,
lhany, Yadki.r, Davie and Iredell, is larger
an that ot- any two papers in the S.tate comn
red ; anid is rapid ly acquiring a strong foothold
Forsythe, Surry. Rouwanu and Western Meck
t is the only pr.per in Western North Carolia
t empfloiys a in GULAI: CA NyAssiNG AGENT,
d thus kept constantly before the people.
iderthis systemn : rupidly increasing circula
n i- thre resuit. making the L.DAtn
ilE l1'81' ADVleTh$lNG MEDICM
Ia N Wr r:.SL a LN .\oaTI C.A RLINA.
LhAc. 65-tf. Stadte-Ville, . C.
PU'Lli'-HEI QI r:Te;;:r,Y.-Jnuary, Nums
r' ju'-t ited, ai n cont.iarins ove 100lii Pag~es,
l.EngiravingS. ,h'$('ripion)is of more1 thani
I of our I1st. Fr.' .Wi.rrNir an 'i'ru.nLs,
thn 111reet id- in, for Cu:t nre, etc. The most
etl andii e'legnt work of the kind in the
>riei. On)rly .t5 eenits for t lie year. Pl>lbish
ine EngH,in.r and.c I.eI'rnan.
l)ee. !:3. 51I-2mn. Isochester. N. Y.
15 a Z'reliiu Ma[garzrie.
Advo're.'rt" lirotierl y love'~ :amiong Chris
Avo" rte Temp lerance.
'se'ien aiie~ n.itra r',N Ntes.
i'w.'any-for Panger and' Ciove'r.
sublic.riptions. r'eive'd at the Newberry
Jr sendt to WM. P. .JACORS,
Nov. II. 45-t f. Cinton, . C.
GET A GREAT DEAL OF TRADE
rts m.L I ?tte t i
OUR MONT HLY,
Sov11. 45-tf. CLINTON, S. C.
DOLE & HUNT, Baltimore,
anufacturers tor the South and Southwest,
any 7,iuo 1now in use, working under
hr'el. varying fromrr 2 to 21u0 feet!
21 sizes, f'romr 51 to 9G Inchse.
e mrost powerful Wheel in thne Market,
Anud most economuical in use of Water.
rge ILLUsTRtATrED 1'rmphrlet sent post tree.
MANUFACTURtERS, ALSO, OF
rtable and etatio)nary Steam Enginresanrd
iers. Babcock & Wilcox Patent Tubulous
iler. Ebiaurgh's Crusher f'or Minerals, Saw
I Grnist Mlills. Flouring Mill Machinery,
.chinery tor White Leard Works and Oil
Mills, shafting Pulleys and llangers.
SEND FOR CIRCULA.R8.
A NEW PI6SSENVER ROUTE B
SOUTH C*AROINA AN
The attention of the travelling public along tlj
WILMINGTON, COLUXBIA & AUGUSTA, CHARL
GREENVILLE AND COLUM
and at Columbia, is invited to the special arrange1
acconimodation in visiting Columbia and Charlesi
FA,;T PAS'ENGER TRAINS between Columbia :
Columbi:- with the Charlotte, Columbia and Augn:
Roads, en:ling the eitizens along the line of the (
and Wilmington. Columbia and Augusta Rail Ro;v
ample time to transact bu.siness and return hoie
business men of Colunibia and along the Charlotti
ton, Columbia :nd Augusta Rail Roads to visit Cl
fortable manner and without lobs of time. The fo
Leave Charlotte... ................... ..40 A. M.
Arrive att Columbia................... 2.42 P. M.
Leave Columbia ................s.A 5 P. M.
Leave Florenc ................2.45 A. 31.
Arrive at Charleston ............6.15 A. M.
Leave Charleston..................... 6.0) P. M.
Leave Florence.............. . ......2. A. 31.
Arrive at Columbia.. ............. 4.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia............ ...... 2.45 P. 31.
Arrive at Charlotte............. 9.00 P. M.
Comprising Charlotte, Columbia
Columbia & Augusta, Wilmingt
& Roanoke, and Connecticg
ship Lines, at Wilmingto
Transporting Freights to and from Steamshili
mouth. Virginia, without drayage, transfers, or e2
to and from all points South. Being possessed ut
of trafle. the Management invites attention to th<
which equal all others in prompt movement, car
Informiation of the forwarding of freight is reg
sigr.ees. and all claims for loss, damage and overe
of the Line, named herein.
SCHEDULE OF C0
BAY LINE STEAMERS, - . HIL. DE
ANNAMESSIC LINE STEAMERS, - - Moni
FOR NEW Y
DAILY (except Fridays,) at p. m.
MERCHANTS & MINERS' LINE,
MERCIIANTS & MINERS' LINE, - - - I
BALTIMORE & SOUTHERN TRANSPORTATION
PHILATELP111A & SOUTHERN STEAMSHIP CO:
FOR NEW Y
CLYDE & CO.'S NEW YORK AND WILMINGTON:
Connecting at each place with rail lines ior all Ne
rent rates are given and guaranteed.
The following named Agents North will atten<
W. H. FITZGERALD, No. 9, German Street. A.'
E. FITZGERALD, 50 South Street.
C. E. BRAIN ERD. 397 Broadway. I G. I
FAST FREICHT I
Especially arranged for the movement of Cotton i
Leave *AUGUSTA, - 7.40 a. m. Let
Leave *COLUMBIA - t.00 a. m. Art
Arrive at WILMINGTON - 7.15 p. m. Let
Leave WILMINGTON - - 8.00 p. ix. An
Arrive at iPORTSMOUT11 H 4.00 p. m. Arr
*Connects closely with inward bound *(
Through Freight Trains on Georgia Rail- Bal
tConnecting with ;iward Freight Trains :(
frorn Greenvillo and Columbia Railroad, of (
and Charlotte Division of Charlotte, Colum- CheI
biat and Augusta Railroad. :and
:Connectin g closely with outwarud-bound'
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York and of t
Boston steamships. tra
Augusta to Baltimore, 4 Days; Augusta t(
New York, 5 Days ; Augusta
av For all information, Blank Bills of Ladini
following Southern Agents of the Line:
II. M. COT rINGHIAM, Western Agent, Atlanta
Augusta; IL. P. CLA RK, Forwarding Agent, Porta
F. W. CLARK,
Assista.nt General Freight Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
South Carolina Railroad Company, All
CUaaLT-ox, S. C., October 18, 1873.
ON and afteri SUNDAY, October 19, the Pas
senger Trains on the South Carolina Rail Road TI
will run as follows: oper
won cOLUMBIA. u
Leave Charleston at ..................... 9.00 a m
Arrive at Colutnbia at...................65.00 p m L.
Leave Charleston.................. 9.00 a m Lea
Arrive at Augusta................ 5. p ms Arr.
Leave Columbia at.................. 8 40 a us Lea
Arrive at Charnleston a.......,. 4.20 p ms Lea
Leave Augusta............... ...8.2o a m Lea
Arrive at Charleston.... .. .........4.2e p us Lea
cOLUMBIA Z4IGH T ExPRESS, (Sundays excepted.)
Lave Charlest'n at......................7 10p m
Arrive at Columbia at.............. .6.3J a usm
Leave Columbia at.... ...............7.15 p msG
Arrive at Charleston at..................45 a m
AUGUSTA NIGnlT EXPREso, (Sundays excepted.) 0
Leave Charle.ton.................8.5j p msUs
ar:rive at Augusta............... ...7.00 a m di
Leave Augusta......................6.0 p m dai
Arrive at Charleston.................5.4i a m
SUMxaLvILLE TLAIY. og 4
Leave Sanimervi!le at................7 25 s us and
Arrive at Charlestou..............8 42 a m roat
IL.ave Charleston...................3.1.4 p. mst
A rrive at Summerville...............4 30 p mla
Leave C.amdcn.....................6.50 a us
Arrive at Columbia...............11.50 a m ,
Leave Columbia.....................1 50 p m Ar
Arrive at Camden.................3 35p m
Day and Night Trains make close connection Les
at Augusta, willh Georgia Railroad.
IDay Tramns, only, make close conection with
Macon and Augusta Railroad. This is also the'
quickest and most direct route, and as comn
fortable and cheap as aiiy other route, to Mont- Arr
gomry,Se ma,obile, New Orleans, and all A:Xu
ote onsSouthwest, anid to Louisville, Cin
cinnatt, Chicago, Si. Louis, and all other points jLea
West and Northw*est
Columbia Night Train connectseclosely with"
Ithe Greenville and Columbia Railroad ; and with"
the ('harlotte, Columbia and Angusta Railroad Ar:
for points North ,C
Thbrough tickets on sale to all points North and
Camden Train connects at Kingville daily (ex
Icept Sunday. with Day P'assenger Train, and"
r uns through to Columbia on Mondays. Wednes-"
days and Saturdays. Art
S. 13. PICK ENS, General Ticket Agent.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA R. R.dr
GEsNRAL PAssaYGEx DEPAwREErr,
COLUxsBa, S. C.. January 11, 1875.
The following Passenger Schedule will be ope- I_
rated on and a.ter Monday, January 11th:
Leav ColmbiaNo. 2 Train. No. 4 Train. Ch
Lev Cumi......8.3) a. ms. 8 15 p. ms.
Leave Florence.....,1.10 p. us. 12.50 a. m.
Arrive at Wilmington.. 7 00 p. us. 7.10 a. m.
GOING SOUTH. S r at.
No. 1 TraIn. No. 3Tan
Leave Wilmington. .G40 a. m. 62 p. ms.
LeaYe Florence.......12.50 p. m- 1144 , ym- Les
Arrive at Columbia .. 5 10p. m. 4.15 a. ms.La
Train No. 2, from.Columbia. Mail and Epress Les
connects closely at Florence with .x. E. It. Ii. for Les
Chsarleston, an d at v,ilmington with W. & W. Les
It. RI. to all points North. Arn
frai No. 4, from Columt-ia, is Fast Express.
making through connections, all Rail, North and
South, and Water Line connections via Ports
mouth, and at Florence for Charleston.Le
Train No 1, from W ilmington, connects close- L
ly at Florence with N E. 1t. It. ber Charleston. Lea
Train No. 3, from W'ilmnington. is a Fast Ex-Le
press, connecting closely from and to all points LeS
North and South. Ar
JAMES ANDERSON. *
General Superinten dent.T
A. PoPr, General Pansenger and TicketAgent, via
T O T E XAS CTr
A ND via
The completion of th e TEXAS AND PA- Tr1
CIFIC RAILROAD enables the KENNEsAw fo
Roc-rx, V ia Wsestern & Atlantic R. R., to
offer the only all rail route froii Georgia A.
anti the Garolin.ts to aht points in Texas.
On and af'ter Suptemnber 1st, through
coaches leave Atlanta daily for Memphis, Th
Little Rock and Texarkana, Texas, without t3e
change, connecting there with through cars
for llouston a:id all points in Texas.
Think of ONE change of cars between -
Atlanta, Ga., and Houston, Texas.
iT Rates reduced by the opening ofI
this route from $5 to $15 !!
Full information can be obtained upon Pacc
application to A LBERT B. WRENN, South- Jon.
eastern Ag't., Nashville, Chattanooga & Sr.na
Louis BR. R., Atlanta, 0. E. SARGENT, Fish
Southeastern Ag't., L. & G. S. R. R., Atlan- Shel
t:,o oB W R*,Ll
StrrooB W RNN 7
Gen'l Pass'r & Ticket Ag't., Mat
Sep. 29 Q3l_tf Atlanta, Ga.
ETW fEN ALL POINTY IN
e line of the
ME, COLUXEIA & AUGUSTA, AND
IIA RAIL ROADS,
nents made for their convenience and
on, in the shape of DOUBLE DAILY
m1d Charllebton-connecting closel at
ta. aind Greenville and Columbia ail
:heraw ant )arlington. North Eastern.
s to visit the Capital of the State, have
he %.tme day. Also, the ierchaluts and
. Columbia an<w Augusta. and Wilnillg
ireston and return quickly, in a com
lowing is the schedule:
.P. M. 8.30 A. M.
1.10 P. M.
7.00 P. M.
7.00 A. M.
12.50 P. M.
.30 A. M. 5.15 P. M.
General Passenger Agent.
and Augusta, Wilmington,
on & Weldon, Seaboard
Railway and Steam
ri and Portsmouth.
Wharves at Wilmington and Ports
posure to weather, and in through cars
oIple equipment for all the necesbities
: Tran.portation lacilities of this Line,
:ful bandling, unbroken transit and low
alarly transmitted to Shippers and Con
iarge promptly investigated by Agents
Daily,7 p. m.
lays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 4 p. m.
Tuesday-i and Saturdays,at 4 p.ui.
Tuesdays and Fridays,at 4 p. m.
Veduesdays and Saturdays, at 4 p. m.
on, N. C.
COMPANY'S STEAMERS, Wednesdays
dPANY'S STEAMERS, Every Tuesday.
..INE -Every Wednesday.
w England towns, to which lowest cur
l, in all retpects, to the patrons of th.
V. KILGORE, 4 South Fifth Street.
1. KEITH, 76 Washington Street.
md Merchandise on unequalled time.
,ve *PORTS3;OUTI - 12.00 m.
ive at W1LMINGTON - - 7.00 L.m.
.ve WILINGTON - - 8.00 p. M.
ive at tCOIU MBIA - - 10.00 p. m.
ve at *AUGUSTA . . - tL p. m.
onnecting closely with inward-bound
imore. Philadelphia, New York and
:nnecting with outward Freat Trains
ireenville and Columbia Ba road, and
riotte Division of Charlotte, Columbia
~onnecting with ontward Freight Trains
,eorgia, Macon and Augusta, and Cea-.
PhiladelphIa, 5 Days; Augusta to
to Boston, ? Days.
~, Through Eates, etc., etc., apply to the
Ga.; JOlhN JENKINS, Soliciting Agent,
muouth, Y.A. POPE,
General Freight Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.; 397 B.. dway, N. Y.;
and Columbia, S. C.
anta and Richmend Air Lilo
e following Passenger Schedule, wIll be
ated on and after Monday, Oct. 19th, 1874
by Atlanta Time.
oGOZS RoaTE-.x.aREBs TRAIX.
-e Atlanta............... 5.51 pma
'e Seneca City....................11.51 pma
e Greenville................2.1 a
re Spartanburg...................... 4.06 a m
ve at Charlotte................8.1a m
G01NG S0UTE--EIFRESS Tad..~N
re Charlotte. -....................6.12 a a
re Spartanuburg......................10.51 a a
re Greenville.......................1233 pm
'e Seneca City................ .48 pm
i*e at Atlanta......................9.18 p a
B. Y. SAGE, Eng. & Sup't.
eenville &, Columbia Rairoad.
a and after Friday, August 28, 1874. the
enger Trains ou the Greenville ? Columbia
Itoad. will run the following Schedule,
r, Sundays excepted, connecting with Night
us on South Carolina Railroad, up and
n, also with Trains going North and South
harlotte, Columbia and Agst Railroad,
Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Rail
re Conmbi..................... 7.26 a a
Alston..................... 9.06 a a
Cokesbury.................. 2.u6 p a
ire Greenville................5.8etn.....- . 3Spa I
ye Greenville..................86.30 a a
Belton.................... 8.30 ama
'Cokesbury................10 13 am
Newberry.................1.80 p a
ire Columbia................. 5.t0 p a
XaSOX n.sesc .&xD ar.CS RSnes Drvaarox.
ve WaIhalla at......................4.46 a a
Perryville. .. ............... 530 am
Pendleton............ 620 am
ive at Belton..................... 8.10 a a
onnecting with down train from Greenville.
we Belton at38p
Ive atWaihalla ...71p
commodation Traizis run on Abbeville
neh. Mondays, Wednesdays ad Fridays.
Anderson Branch, between Belte. and As
,on, on Tr.idays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
THOS. DODANEAD, Gen'l Sept.
a maz NoaTex, General Ticket Ageat.
ip. 2, 35-tf.
THlE SHORT LINE SCHEDULEi.
irlotte, Columtbla k Augusta L. E
Gaxxa.L TlcxuT Da?an2TsaT,
CoW.U, S. C., January 11 18753
he following Pssenger Schedule wil be ope
i on and after Monday, January 11th:
No. 2 Train. No. 4 Trais,
ve Augusta......93-iA. M. 415 P. M.
ye Graniteville...1.23 A. N. 6 1U P. N.
ye Columbia Juno'n 2.1* P. M. 18.57 P. N.
ye Columbia...2 45 P. N. 9.00 P. V.
ve Che4>er...36 34kP.M. -
ire Charlotte...9.00P. M. -
No. 1 Train. No. STrain!
re Charlotte....8.30 A. M.
ve (hester.......1.'2 A. M. -
we Columbia...282 P. N. 3.40 A. N.
re ColumbaJunc'n$3.17 P'. N. 4.15 A. N.
reGraniteville.... ti.15 P. N. '07.48 A. V.
iv Augusta.&......5 P. M. 8.46 A. V.
treakfast ; WDinner; ISupper.
nin No. 2, from Augusta, connects closely
Charlotte only for all poits North via Rich
d, and via Danville and Lynchburg. This
n runs daily.
in No. 4, from Augusta, connects cle i via
mbia and Wilmington for all points orth
Richmond, all Rail. And via Portsmouth,
iBay Line, and O:d Dominion Steamers for
-York, Mondays, Wedoeidays, Saturdays.
Train runs daily.
ain No. 1. from CharIotte, connects closely
SNorthern pints with all Lines at Augusta.
Train runs daily.*
in No.3, from Columbia, connects ceiw
Northern points via Wilmington, withsti
e at Augusta. This frain rundaily.
JAS ANDEESONGenera Sapt
Porx, Gen. Passenger and Ticket Agent.
SPARTANBURB&UhIS RAit OA.
Sfollowin Passenger Sobedale will beo.
on and aftr Sunday, November lst, :7
DOWN TRAIN. UP TRAWN.
Arrive. Leave. Arrive. LAave.
tanburg.... 6.00 a. m. 7.46
witile. ..... 6.4 , 711
let .....6.50 7.00 6 54 7(3
sille........... 7.32 7.40 6.10 6.G
aville......8.8J 8.46 6.00 5 0
ac.......... 9.23 9.30 4.15 *.2S
Dam-......9.58 10.25 3.35 3.46
~on........ 1.19 10 26 3.u7 3.15
s' ord......... 10.45 10.50 2.4' 2.47
hers.......1110 11.20 2.10 2.20
n....... . 12.1 p. m. 1.00
W. W. nAVIEs, Sanariatendent