Newspaper Page Text
In the Matter of the Impeach
ment of Montgomery Mose.,
Jud-e of the Seventh Judicial
Circuit of the State of South
Carolina, Before the Senate:
of the State of South Carolina.
To TH. HONORABLE R. 11. GLEivas,
PRLES!,Dg M TE. SEXZ OF SOUTH
SIa-I have the honor, throvgh you, to
submit to the honorable the Senate some
remarks in the nature of a matter of priyi
lege, which -it becomeo -me to make at the
close of tmis impeachment trial.
My r_gt to sit in %y place has been ques
tioned, and it has beea renerred to my seisse
of propriety whezher I should vo or take I
part in these proceedi^gs. It was a perso-ial
exception, urgently and eloquently forced
upon the at -tion of the Senate by Oie
counsel for the defense, and suppor id by
the following affidavit:
Personally appeared Mon:<ome:. Moses,
Judge of the Seventh Jud -ial Circuit, who,
after being dply tworn, deposes and says:
1. That he is informed and believes that
Henry C. Corwin, Senator from the Coa,ty
of Newberry, in the State of South Carol?ia,
and a member of the present Senate of the
State of South Carolina, was present aiding
the Commiaee appointed by die honorable
the House of Represen.a..ves of the Sta of
South Caro:ina, ;a their inve:t:gation of the
chr-gei of official mij;onducL alleged a. ainst
this depooent, and exam-ned the witnes-es
produced befose said Commi.e.
2. That he is informed and be!ievez that
the said Henry C. Corwin, S nator as aZore
said, since the appointnent of Man- --ers by
the honorable the House of Represej*at:Ve3
of the-SEate of South Carolina, to cond-ct
the trial of this deponent upon the Articles
of Impeacbment preferred against him, and
since the deponent, as Judge of the Seventh
Judicial Cicenit, appeared before the brr of
.the sa,d Sentte for t,:al, has iepeatedly b- n
present before tie Managers appo:t I by
the hono-able the House of Represen 4.ves,
while the said Manage a were examini ' the
witnesses to be offered on the part of s-d
Managers to sus:ain said Articles of Impeaca
3. That this deponent is irformcd and be
lieTes that the said Henry C. Corwia, Sena-.
tor as aloresaid, has, irom the beginnin,
actively participated in and c)n..olled ie
investigation of the charges against tbs de
ponent, and to all in Dts and purposes has
become and is the prosecu:or of this depo
4. That tis deponent, on accnaut of the
foregoing averments, here affi. js that .he
said Hen -y C. Corwin, Senator as aforeeaid,
cannot be a fair and impa:tial jadge in the
tr:al of this deponent. MA MOSES.
Sworn to before me on this the 7th day of
March, A. D. 1676. E. W. SEIBELS,
(L. S.) -N. . of S. C.
The sense of p-.oprietv, indiv'dual aad offi
c;al, to which ine learned coansel for 'he
defense have been pleased to appeal, suggests
that I should not suffer the record of this
caase to go to the counay without some ex
pression of my views and some vladication
of my motives
Upon the above affidavit ie issue was
made whether ",he Sena:or from Newberry
should be allowed to sit during tae trial o!
th:s inpeachment, or whether tae h6nora~Ie
membe: himself would not see prope.z to
- The Senate decided, afier angument and
consitLA;Ion, "that it is not within the pow
er of tbe Senas to question or dep:'ve any
Senator of his riht to sit in any trial of i
*My rigat, therefore, to sit is beyond dis
pute, and I cannot see how any ques .on _oft
delicacy or proprievy can arise in the piamn
-discharge ofT my official duty. Ii' the Senate.
has no right to. depr've my constituents of
my seat, what r.:ght have I to deprive them?
I do not propose here to diseass the trath of
the ffida 'it submitted by the defense nort
-the audac;ty of its conc!asions.
The_oath administered 'o e~cn Sena:or by
the President on the 93d day of February,
th'rty dud's p:-ior to the date of this affdavit, e
iswrit.en in these words:
"I solem~nly swea' that in all things apper
taiting to the trel of Montgomery Moses,
now pending, I w 11 do impa<al j.usice- at:
cording-to the Constitution and the laws :
I ;ook that oath, as aSe.,ator of the State;
S' '-a ru.te Sena:e and the sug
gestion from any sourceanur'9-umr -~~v
fromn any cause, to do inpartial jnsice in
th.'s case, or woald wi.-nlly comnmit pe:jury (
to ritst y any personal p:ejut-ce, is a ges- -
t'roaq ias.?lt to myself and aa nn to
the Seoa'.e to which I am not he-e d'sposed J
to reply. If tue defence had propose I to.
exerc'se a r.'ht of challenge, wi'ch does not
ex:st by any a-itho. ity, preceden t, taeoryr or
Dractice in iirpeachmeat that I know of, in
'was at least due to tne people whoni I have
thehonor to represe it, and to the dignity of
the Senate, of which I am an humble part, d
that the ordinary rules of law incident to the
principle should have been observed, and
that-the challenge upon tnis affidavit shoald T
have been advanced when Icame to thie book
to be sworn and before I was sworn.
But-there was another oath which I took
in my official capacity, prescribed by the
Consuttation, that convinces me that I ought
not 1 could, refuse to sit upon this tial
and rote upon its issues according .o my t
best judgment. On taking my seat in this ~
honorable body. I solemnly swore that "I ~
was duly qualified to exercise the duties of
the office to which I have been elected, and
that I will fai'hfully discharge, to t..e best V;
of my abilii'es, the duties thereof."
I deem it one of my highest and most im
portzat duties to sit here and try this cause, C
uninfluenced and dispassionate, according to
the law and the evidence. It is a darny which
belongs to my office, and waiich, in my effil
cial capacity, I owe to the people of New
berqy County. and I have no rigtit to allow Wi
mere mateis of propr:ety or delicacy~ apper- ic
taining solely to my indiv'dual private Ca
pacity to ent;ere with it.
I musti go right ahead and discharge that. ut
duty according : my best. ability. TDe.e is'
no matter of private interest in this trial. Its
subject and object is entirely a matter of Cj
public inte-est. We sit here 'o de:e:n ine, 0
not whetnsr Montgomery Moses is gailhy of
any misdemeano: or crime in his ind'adaal
capacity, nor to impose upon hi(n an; pun UJ
ishmenat -or penalty, but to decide w beiner d:
the Judge of the Seventh CircoL, hav.ng i.a
charge the l'fe, liberty and r-ope--ty of a
large porC'on of the people of South Cairo- ot
lina, is an njust, unr'lhteous, imcomnpetent, d
cor upt and fa'tbless Judge, poison'.i the
fountains of public peace and public order, th
blockfig the avenues of publc prosped-i: lg
and e-adangering the rights and liber%ies of
We sit here to determine whether- the peo- SC
pIe of the Counties of Newbe'ry, Spartan- at
burg, Larens and Union have a rigot to a
faithful administration of th'e laws, and to tlh
be ptotec:cd nder the ConstiLtton,by ne re- of
moryal of a public officer who sha il be proved
to have been recreant to his trast. Art'cle
VII, Sect'on 3, of the Constitution of toe
State, relating to impeachment, provides
that "judgment in such cases shall not x
* tend further than removal f;om office." i
It goes further, and, in Lhe same Artic'e foi
and Sect on, es pressly dise:i;n'aates between
impeachment proceeding and a criminal
The rules of evidence in the one case do not
apply to the other, forin an impeachmen: a
every isst' mutst be decided accordi'g to the th
evidence irn fr.vor of the people. The safety ri
of the people is the sopre ne law, and roe
defense, as i-n a c.iminal case, has no r:ght ed
to the beneiit of any reasona.1e doubt as too
the g ailt or innocence of the puoi:c officer. t
NAJudge of he C'rcit Con:tof Souna Ca:o
lina snioul be beyond suspicion. Tne bene- W(
tit of the doubt, if any exis:s ic the mind of cit
the representative, should always be given
to the people wniom he Iem:esents. ~If the -e
be any doubt that jostcee ns not bee'i done
them, then in is oar duty to see tart it is done Oy
in the way prese ibed in the Co2s'.ia'Xon- H
by the removal of the officer.
If, therefore, I had any doobts as tomy -to
rightn to sit here, I would s.o've rem in favor
of' toe people by remaio'og in my seat as
their representative and vod!ng as my con
science dictates; but I have none. ]
It is customary to call tois body sittng in
the trial of this cause the High Cotrt of I'n- St
peachmnent, bun such a ,::le has no warrant
in or out of the Consitton and the laws. 7
Nowhere in the Constnintion nor in the all
Stain es of the State is the:e tr,y ment:on
wade of sach a Cou~rt, nor any p ovisicai for GC
its o ganization. On the cont -a.y, Ar-cle
VUI, Section 2, of the Cons,.-;a ;on p-ov:des W
that "all impeachments shali be tried by the de
Senate;" and Article II, Section 8, provides
that "the Sent-te !hall be comuposedt of one att
member from each County, ~ ~
have no representation upon this floor af the.
moment when their dearest inserests weie the
mat:ers ia Issee.
The Senc;e cer:a'nly has the rig't to com
pel the at,eadance 0.* a membe-, bat it has
no right to deprive him of hWs seat, except
by suspension or expuls:on, while he is be
having hi mself accord'n; to te iales of the
bcdy. Ar, cfe II, Sections 14, 15 and 16, of
the Const:tation are clear upon this point.
- If, then, the Senate itself cannot remove a
member, how can the accused do so under
any conceivable r*gbt of challenge? The
right to challenge in a ' ial by impeachment
is nowbere provided for in the Constitat'oj
or ia the Statues. If it exists, it exists by
analogy from the common law, and exists as
provided for by the Stazutzs regalat'og chal
len-es in the Courts of this S!aie. Bat how
shail we apply tOe analogy?
An im.eact,nen& is uot a c-:m'nal trial,
because none of the parzica- r -ements of a
c-.m'nal trial a-e there, and because the
Cons! tution cearly distinguishes it from the
c:m'nal t-'al by "indictment, trial and pan
ishment" accordia to law, for which it pro
It is certin'y not a clvi!,sut, because thert
are no paz:es. ior' any caase of action, such
as are conte,nplated in such a suit. How,
then, can the rules of law apDlicable to
criminal or cIi" ac'.ons be suited to an im
Could the Senato-s, as ordinary jurors, be
put upcn the voir dire? Could the defense
compel the Senate or eac'i Senator, on his
oath, to answer as to waether "he is r-lated
to the accused, or has any iaterest in the
cause, or has expres -cd or formcd any opin
ion, tor fs sensible of any bi-s or prejudice
Coald the defense introduce e-'dence in
support of an objectioi to a Senator? and,
if it appeared that a Senator was-notinditTer
ant in tre cause, would the Sejate have any
right - remove lm? The stateaent of the
lue3ton saows i.s imbecility, and the inev
irtabie '-e: It re<vcr (i .o ti ab3erdity.
There ns-ver could b-t a --emoval in impe-ch
men', and the ContiLatio1 wouli be held to
defest ftsclf, bccause the Oefense coald chal
lenge a-ad uascnt for c.tase so many of the
enators that mne constiitional %wo-tii ds
wou:d not be present. Where d the
tales be fcund t 'oal which io sugy the I a
It is a waste of words, parz:cu1zly wiben
the Cons:itu,on, conscious ofl the anomaly
:f acy such right of chalienge, aud a2xious
to sup;ly its place n t~re procetdings, pro
vides. A:ticle VII, Section 2, dla; "no pe,7
;on s-l0 i)e co-w'cred e:cept by a vote of
h%o-.bi-\'s of a'l the members elect ed." That
is 1 sa:', t-at every? ab.e.it memoer coants
is a vo- for the accusc-evei- member
successfelly c21alle;cd ,uld be a votb for
The English precodents in the S'..e trials,
om the year 1f3 t-> the t:me of Wa -en
IasLrg;, are u on .hs po; i. The closest
-ele*ionsip-;ven taz of father and son
tnd bro.ber anc! sister-and the p1,i:est in
:iest Cid not rlisqraii'y.
It was - gr.:dcd abso'uely a matter of pub
ic iat-1:est not to bedisiurbed b_ pr:vate con
eros. The Ame.-c:.i cases of Pickering,
.hase, Peck avd Addison, w:th those of
adge Janes and others in our own S' t,
'arn'sb abau4p.nt athoriiy on tiis point.
Why, ten, sho-i'c I not sit ? What right
iare I 'o be absent .om my seat in the trial
f this impeac4ment ? I am moved in ully
reighing the evidence; so far as I know, by
ieizher p-ejaice, malice, relato ?ship, favor
or interest, onle:s it be the inte:est which,
n common %%h all men, I have to see the
udicia-y of^ the Staie p,7re and incor.-upti
>'e, without fear and beyond reproach.
I have, it ;: irne, a pecal:2e in:erest, as the
seator from Newberry, to see .;as&ce done
o the people of the County, and I deem it
ny dany to do all that in me iay to releve
hem, uaider .he law of any public officer,
ho sha.l he p.oven to be a burden, a wrong
sd a gaud upo, them.
I would, there~ore, respeciUally submit
hat, whateve -the circzzmstances, I have
lone my sidnie duty to the people of my
banwty :n retaining my seat and represent
og them in :.ny conduet d.,trg the 'progress
> :his trial and in the verdict which my
:oscience has admoaished me t record at
H. C. CORWIN,
Senator from Ness ber-:y Conetly, S. C.
Offieial List of Patents
Issued by the United States Patent
)ffice, for the week ending Friday,
far. 17th, 1876. Reported for the
I RA UD by Louis Bagger & Co., So
citors of Patents, Washington, D. C.
174,180. Sand Pumps; E. F. An
rews, Augusta, Ga.
174,200. Ironing Apparatus; G.
. Guttinghas Rockport, Texas.
174,224. Culinary Boilers ; C. M.
arber, Cartersville, Va.
174,250. Devices for Setting Me
die Wagon A xles; T. B. Hum phreys,
ea Side, Va.
174,295. Plows ; WV. R. Pool, Ha
174,341. Car-Axle. Boxes ; C. H.
ox, Richmond, Va.
Oio H UNDRED.-The constable who
as ordered by Justice iMcCord to fol- C
w, and, if possible, catch the rever- r
ad watch thief Gary, reports that he a
sed all diligence to capture the fellow,
it the saintly statesman was too
ick for him. Instead of being' in a
rangeburg jail, as has beeti stated, l~
te fellow was preac-hing a funeral ser
on in Charlotte, N. C., on last Sun- (
y. After giving good advice to the t
curners and friends generally, not
ttting to state the fact, by the way, a
at he had left the great interests of ~
e State of South Carolina in safe u
ends, he requested the brethren to/ u
og "Hark, from the tombs a doleful g
und." Wotnder if he was thinking
out the tick of that stolen watch ors
e dinner bell at the boarding house q
mine host "Red.hot Jones ?" d
(Columnbia Register, 23rd. fi
Here's a case for our lawyers. Let sJ
em give us their opinion in time
r next issue: n
"An oyster opener of Toulouse, ~
ile opening dalf a dozen raws for W
ustomer, found a flne pearl worth m
ousands of dollars, and pocketed it. r
1e customer insisted that it belong- n
to him. asserting that the shells,
sters, juice and everything else in a
e shells of the oysters he ordered
~re his property. The law will de- se
I the question." C
What about the man who raked the ~
ster from the bottom of the sea.
is he no rights that a Court is bound
respect7 ? u
Secession has thsfar been success- al
Sin Amherst, Mass. One JoFn pc
ith has sent a memorial to Con- to
ass. wherein he solemnly renounces
allegiance to National or State bi
hvrmn.I sepce htnx l
venent wI s axectedatino nx t
ephl end theocouncilo ofand at
epenec to oe towi conclanfa
TMOS. F. BRENEKER, EITOR.
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 29, 1876.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Heraldis in thebighest respect aFam
ily Newspaper. devo*e(I to the material In
t6 -ests of the people of this County and the
&ae. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertising medium offers unrivalled ad.
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
The adjourned meeting of the Dem
ocratic County Convention will be
held in the Court House, on next
Monday, the 3d of April, and all the
Townbbips are urged to send delegates
that the meeting may- be full. Town.
ships 3, 5, 8 and 10 were unrepre
sented at the meeting in March, and
as they were reminded of the neuessi
ty of organizing early it .is presumed
that the County will be fully repre
Senator Corwin's Statement.
We deem it due to the 8enator from
this County that his statement made
to the Senate alleging his reasons for
e.sting his vote in the impeachment
trial, should be alade known to the
voters of Newberry County. His
right to cast his vote admits of
no doubt; and we have no reason
whatever to doubt that he exercised
his right because he thought it his
duty to do so. We can east no reflec
tion upon an officer who conscientiously
discharges what he believes to be his
duty. We are not an advocate for
either side and we will cheerfully open
our columns for any one who will dis
passionately discuss any matter of in
terest to this County.
The Irmpeachment Trial and
the News and Courier.
We have on wore than one occasion
spressed our admiration for the Char
eston News & Courier, not only for
ts enterprise, skill and management,
ut also for its independent tone. ~We
ere proud to be able to rank it with
he great independent journals of the
orth, the Times, the Sun and the
erald. We would sincerely reg'ret<
f. in- the heat of a political campaign
t should come down from that lofty
osition; and:in.steadyof dlirecting pub
Xo opinTon strlo'at< tb guided 3y put
ic clamor. And we would advise our
~stemed contemporary not *to treat .~
~hese remarks as flippantly and cava- C
ierly as it did the letter of Mr. Camp- I
ell. Altho' we backwoodsmeri-may ~
ot have the power of expressing our- C
~elves as glibly as a resident of one of
he great marts of the country, we can
nstinctively perceive any change of 1
one in a newspaper. But to the point. t
ye have said in an article which was t
~opied by tihe NVews & Courier, that b
he Senate had acted unadvisedly in 0
ot allowing Judge Moses time to pro- S
tre his witnesses, no matter how guil- 1
y lie may have been. 'We are not his
docate, but we know that it imnperils ti
verybody's safety if those barriers b
rovided byy the wisdom of ages for the d
rotection of the citizen are thrown a
own. The News & Courier at the a
quest of Mr. Campbell published our a
ticle headed ini flamig characters: 1
An article which looks very much s<
if it had been written by one of the
~arned counsel who refused to argue.'' ts
ow what right has the News & ki
~ourier to express any such supposi- D
on. If the counsel of the defend- it
t think it incumbent to speak, they be
il certainly speak openly and write at
der their signature. It is almost ca
eless for us to say that~none of de- be
adant's counsel has written or even
ggested the writing of the article in in
estion. They certainly could have th
me it much better. We are satis
d that the News & Courier has ar
oken rashly and prematurely in this th
peachmwent matter. A great jour- ril
l whose pride it is to have every a
orning a summary of the whole
rd's news at the breakfast table ce
ay be well excused for an occasional y
sh expression ; but then such a jour- y
I can likewise afford the candor to
knowledge it. , be
We regret not having room to in
rt in this issue the letter of Mr. e
mpell to the News & Courier, en:
e shall publish it next week..
The veto of the Governor on the It
1 to appropriate the phosphate roy- th4
y to the payment of Legislative ex- an
ses, was sustained by a vote of 55 sa)
The House amendments to Senate
<1t eu-t h tm o odn
Stoireuat: uthe ofimefr Seoldins th
d Circuit Courts in tGea Seveinsth dn
dcit weremoncureas in b the Senhdr
rit were cocureddi.byth wh-u
The mtion win lothey Hose t im- swh
a u,- ... La he a rota at 29 str
The revolution in Mexico is still
unsubdued -aud the Cuban patriots
hold their owll.
Congress will no longer allow Gov
arnment officeis to receive presents
from foreign Governmeuts. This is
The Turkish rebellion is still un
uppressed. Servia is arming in aid
Df the rebels, and the Servian Minis
ters seem to favor immediate war.
The heariug of the cases from the
7t Circuit, at the April term of the
Supreme Court, will commence on the
26th of April and continue for three
It is said that nearly 4,000 negroes
have passed through Columbus, Ga.,
For the West the past few days. There
.re a few more to spare from Balti
The Charlesfon News & Courier is
ietermined to stir up the citizens of
harleston on the question of water
orks; if the late fire will bring Zbout
hat much to be desired result some
ood will come from that calamity.
The libel suit of Earle against Bai
ey, which is pending ir Court, exer
ises our Greenville neighbors. Our
eaders will remember the difficulty
md correspondeuce between Earle sand
Drittenden. This suit is the sequel.
Can no one lay the Barnwell Black
7ille ghost. It is coming up again in
iome shape or form devised by the un
xtinguishable Leslie. It should be
nade a felony without benefit of cler.
ry to ever allude to the question again.
The Egyptians under the actual
ommtand of General Loring-a native
qorth Carolinian -have defeated a
argely superior force of Abyssinians;
hey, no doubt, mean 'o absorb part of
he Kingdom. Egypt is the civilizer
)f Eastern Africa.
In Edgefield they have adopted a
iew way of stopping the Court ; if a
ase is about -to be reached in the Cal
mdar which a defendant is not very
nxious to have tried, the Docket is
tolen and, of course, the Judge cannot
The Californians are becoming
larmued at the rapid influx of the
elestials. Congress will be memzo
ialized in regard to the Chinese im
igration question ; but what can be
tone about it; if they make up their
ainds to come we cannot keep them
Rarvard and Yale Aave withdrawn
rom the International Rowing Asso
ation. These aristocratic bodies
ould not bear to be beaten by the
lebian Colleges of New York, and so
ey are going to have a rowing match
f their own this year at Springfield,
Snow fell to the depth of nine
2hes at Little Rock, Ark., during
be late unpleasantness.. We hope
e Arkansaw traveller's report is
ased upon better evidence than the
ne offered us by a darkey of our late
20w storm. He swore it was 10
sches deep, if not 12.
The committee appointed to inves
gate the charges against Judge Reed,
ave reported that they find no evi
ence of misconduct on his part. Just
Swe expected and said some weeks
o; they were really after Whipper
ad oses, but they had to lug Judge
eed in to put a little salve on~ the
>re epublican skin.
It is said that a colored man with
r white men are the parties who
lied Jolin Murphy at the Lyochburg
epot. The colored man called upon
e deceased to open the door, which
ing done, he struck him down with
axe, when the others rushed in and
rried off the money. Constable Hub
rd is there working up the case.
Due West has now-the Medium
forms us-a grist mill, is agitating
e subject of two mails a day, the
ung ladies of the Female College
a beautifying the college grounds,
e Erskine students have formed a
e club, and last Saturday there was
regular "crooked whiskey" excite
nt, "Tanglefoot" being in the as
adancy. The last item settles it ;t
u may set down Due West as a city.
The newspapers have ruined Grant
d his administration ; he will soon
converted to the doctrine that theq
is mightier than the sword. Ev
r now and then a new little corrup
path is disclosed partly covered
h leaves-but when it is cleared up ~
invariably leads to the White House.
is asserted that more roads lead to
White House than ever lead to t
~ient Rome; and it used to be a
'ing that all roads lead to Rome.
An analysis, made by Dr. S. Ba si
h, of Camden, of the contents of ly
stomach of Mr. John B. Hen
ks, of Kershaw, who recently died if
denly after taking a drink of bI
iskey, revealed the presence of or
wahr.ine. The whiskey. found in in
.We copy the following from the
New York Sun:
"Lancaster, S. C., is not a very
busy town, and the leading merchaChts,
lawyers and public officers drive dull
care away by tying oyster cans to the
tails of blatant billy goats."
Cannot our friend Ira give us the
particulars of that interesting trans
action. Great events happen right
under our nose and our friends will
not give us the information-we have
to go to New York for it. That's de
"The latest thing in soap for use in
hotel lavatories is to grind it to paw
der and place it in a small metal urn
with a perforated bottom. To do this
you first wet your hands, move a slide
in the bottom of the urn, waen down
comes a shower of soap sufficient in
quantity to cleanse the hands of any
one, except a Cabinet oficer. Th's is
a great saving over the ordinary cake
Somebody ought to send Whipper
and Moses, Jr., a few pounds before
they take their seats-that is, if they
ever take it.
From the Laurensville Herald we
learn, that Lemuel G. Williams has
been stricken with paralysis; that Dr.
T. Erskine Todd, recently graduated,
swells the list of medical practitioners;
that Mr. John R. Pitts died at the
residence of Dr. W. A. Shand oi the
17th ; that a difficulty occurred be
tween W. T. Finley and Oscar Cun
ningham, in which the latter was se
riously cut and the former considera
bly beaten; and that three negroes
escaped from jail os Wednesday night
by burning out. One of them after
wards stole a fine horse from Capt.
A most disastrous fire occurred in
Charleston on Monday of last week, by
which over two hundred unfortunate
people were rendered houseless, and by
the rapid spr.ad of the flames, suffer
ed the loss of nearly all their goods
and furnitnre. This is the most disas
trous fire which has visited Charleston
since that of 1861. Had there been
a sufficient supply of water, it is
thought the confiagration would not
have been so extensive. The loss is
estimated at $225,000, with an insur
ance of only about one-third, and what
makes it the more distressing is that
a majority of the sufferers are poor
FoR THE HIXRM-D.
BRLOAD RIVER, March 18, 1876.
MR. EDIToR.:-Since you ~have
thrnirn your ooluamns open for the free
discussion of all subjects, .political or
otherwise, a knight enters the ring,
booted and spurred,. and poises his
ance at an article of ours appearing
n a late issue of your paper. He hails
from Chappell's, and enters the list
nder the new and somewhat romantic
itle of "One of the People:" Judg- I
bg from his first article, he will not
e a very formidable adversary. He
vidently felt like the man at the public
eeting; he felt like saying something, ~
nd he thought as though he ought to <
ay something, but having nothing to
ay, he said nothing. Our friend from ~
Jhappell's certainly has said very lit
tle, in fact as little as he could well ~
~ay in the same space. Not a single t
rgument in favor of his pet scheme, ~
or one single refutation of those ad
anced in our last communication.
rguments must be met by arguments,
at by irony or sarcasm. We would
iere remind our Chappell's correspon
ent that we claim the liberty of
hinking as we please and expressing
ur thoughts when we wish, notwith- C
;tauding they may differ with his in
It is not our desire to parry or mul' r
ply wor-is with "One of the People," a
r we feel we have the same interest b
nd ends in view, but we must note u
a error in his communication. Our b
zain argument was not "against the ~
ame Democrat," but only mentioned a
hat it was in bad odor with the color
people, and w;thout their vote we
w no chance of success for theb
emocratic party in South Carolina.p
)ur main arguments were : 'fc
That the whites were hopelessly in ai
That the leaders of the Democratic e1
arty in South Carolina were not such P
the people were willing to follow; ;
That the useless agitation of party h~
estions were ruinous to the farming g
That the majority of the laboring vi
hites were not pa2rtial to the name of
lemocrat, but wanted good men in th
ice, without regard to party or race;e
That the Conservative party was M
ie only true party for South Carolina; 3,
That those thoroughbred Democrats, th
o hang themselves out on streets as
;ns for law offices, and shout so lusti- 5
for reform, are our worst enemies. cc
These are our main arguments, and ca
they are erroneous, cease so much eo
wing and refute them. Because wi
ieidvda tCapels rohr l
he indviunty taktChels rorgania-ersn
th Cony thn th rergnza 1
not think it such,' judging,fromu the
interest they take ii0the County-meet
ing. (Something over a dozen- dele
gates preseni,but of fifty-five.y Three
or four townsitips not represented at
This knight from Chappell's was
certainly riding a high horse in his
imagination, when he proposes to de
capitate the whole Republican -party
with one fell blow, good ones and all
-all must go down under his Hercu
lean power. He is to place Democrats
in all the offices, none others need
apply. He is going to pick from this
huge pile of "sound potitoes." Now
this Chappell contributor aust be into
some secret that the balance of us
country people are not. He states in
his communication that we-must have
good government by "sticking close to
the honest party-namely the Demo
cratic party." Does "One of the
People" pretend to assert that all
Democrats are honest, if so, what
does he think of the Democratic party
of New York -City, especially under
the wanacement of Boss Tweed ? If
all Democrats are honest men, it does
not follow that all honest men are
Democrats. This would be saying a
little too much for the party.
Would our friend please inform
many people by what process or method
are we to have this choice of picking
from so many "good potatoes." How
is this wholesale political execution to
be effected ?
Are the Democrats to beat them at
the ballot? This cannot be done, for
they are too far in the minority. Are
they to persuade the negroes to vote
with them? This has been repeatedly
tried, and as often failed. Are they
to be forced to vote the Democratic
icket or none? This will not do; to
attempt this would bring untold misery
pon.all classes.. Then would "One
>f the People" point out a peaceful
iolution of this great problem ? State
bow we are to get honest men in office
fithout the co-operation of the colored
vote. There are but two courses to
Lake-submit to the "powers that
e," and the choice of the majority,
yr openly resist ! If we submit, let
as use our efforts to get honest men,
rrespective of party, into office. If
we are to resist, draw the blade at
2nce, and strike !
"One of the People" would have
as blindly follow the leaders whom the
7reat powers place over us, without
even daring to ask whom or what they
re. Honest .or dishonest, shiut our
eyes, bridle our tongues, and follow.
Well, to use a common phrase, this is
ilayed out. The people are beginning
to think and act for themselves, as
will be seen in the coming canvass.
L'ey will "exert their sovereignty,"
Ld throw off those political court
iouse tricksters. As to "cease jawing
tout political leaders and court house
awyers," we would merely intimate to
'One of the People" that if he has
~ny stock in them the sooner he sells
at the better. One more word and
re are done,-"One of the People,"
urself and all good and true South
)arolinians want reform and honest
overnment, but differ materially as
o the surest and best mode of ob
FoE THE HERAtD.
Our Washington Letter.
WASHINGTON, D. C., March 22, 1&76.
HON. SAM. J. RANDALL,
Chairman of the House Committee
n Appropriations, has more than ful
ledi the expectations of the people, in
edcing expenses in every department
the Government. Of course he is
>undly abused by the republican press,
d, to some extent, I am sorry to see,
y democratic papers. This is veiy
nfair. The press and the people have
sen, for years,- howling for retrench
ent, reform, the cutting down of sal
les, etc., and now that we have at
ngth got a man - in the chair of the
ommittee on Appropriations with
rve enough to perform an unpleasant
it necessary duty, many papers and
rsons that screeched. loudly for re
rm, are abusing him for having in
igurated it. The fact is, every man is
ixious to have his neighbor's salary
it down, and will even mildly ap
ove of a reasonable percentage being
pped off from the salaries .of his
ife relations, for the public good. I
ve to meet, however, the first man in
~vernment employ who thinks that
, himself, gets too much for his ser
ees. But, far better than a reduction
salaries is the reduction of the force
at Mr. Randall proposes in nearly
ery department. The Heads of De- .
rtments called for 4,015 employees.
r. Randall cuts this number down to
)11, thus saving to the Government
a salaries of 1,001 employees.
THE INDEPENDENT PRESS
going to exert a mighty and unpre
lented influence in the approaching
npaign-a fact that the nominating D
iventions, and politicians generally, H
ll do well to make a note of. The in
cue fnwppesetrl n
melled by party ties has been rap- M
u 1n~r~aq~no~ from year to year: as ol
their opponents. These papers, of
which there are some Two Thousand,
daily and weekly, in the United States,
will certainly throw their influence in
favor of the best man. Of course, a few
may be bought up; but a large number
will act on their respective convictions.
But the important fact to be considered
by politicians is that these papers are
supported -by a constituency, without
whose aid they could not live. It is
reasonable, therefore, to presume that
the newspapers reflect, measura
bly, the views of their constituents.
Again, here in Washington, we see
men, every day, from all parti of the I
Union, who express, substantially, the
opinion that their respective districts
will give a majority fur the bes; man,
irrespective of party. Men, North and
South, who have been democrats from
their birth would willingly vote for
Abraham Lincoln, if he were alive
now; not because of sympathy with his
political principles, but because of his
unquestioned personal integrity. On
the other hand, republicans who prayed,
and oven some who, as senators, voted,
for Andrew Johnson's conviction,- in
1868, now regret his untimely death
which deprived them of an opportunity
to urge his nomination for the next
Presidency by the democratic conven
tion, simply because he had the de
served reputation, through life, of being
an honest man. The man who, above
all others, is attracting the attention of
the independent voters of the country,
is Samuel J. Tilden, the present Gov
ernor of New York. It is pretty hard
for a republican to swallow a life-long,
dyed-in-the-wool democrat, like Tilden;
but the sterling integrity of the man,
and the widely knewn fact that, in pur
suing to conviction and punishment,
year after year, the Tweed Ring, and
the N. Y. Canal Ring, he has entirely
ignored politics, have created a strong
impression in his favor, all over the
country, among men who had never
before thought it possible that, under
any circumstances, they couTd be in
duced to vote for a democrat.
THE GENERAL OUTLOOK.
If there be any truth in the common
ly received idea that the darkest hour
precedes the dawn, we must surely be
standing upon the eve of a revelation
which will clear up much of the mys
tery and gloom in which the nation is
now enveloped. For a darker day, or
a more painful and humiliating posi
tion, has never before fallen to the lot
of the United States. With corruption
at the seat of Government, and distrust
and fear among the people, the whole
land seems to be thrown into the hor
rors of a crisis from which it will
emerge debilitated and disgraced, or
with stronger principles and purer mo
rals, and therefore all the better pre
pared for a worthy celebrationi of its
Centennial, and for the responsibilities
of its future career.
FOR THE HERAL'D
REEDER'S TOWNSHn>, No. 5,
March 18th, 1876.
A meeting of the citizens of Reeder's
Township was held Saturday, the 18th
instant, at Jalapa, to organize a Demo
cratic club. Lieut. E. P. Chalmers was
called to the Chair, and Dr. J. Win.
Folk requested to act as Secretary. The
object of the meeting was stated by the
Chairman and opportunity given for all
present to enroll their names as mem
bers. All the whites present and a
good many colored having signed the
roll, an election for officers was gone
into with the following result:
Lient. E. P. Chalmers, President.
Maj. J. P. Kinard, 1st Vice-President.
Capt. G. S. Sligh, 2d Vice-President:
Dr. J. Win. Folk, Secretary.
J. B. Campbell, Esq., Treasurer.
Delegates appointed to meet in Con
vention at Newberry April* 3rd-E. P.
Chalmers. J. P. Kinard, G. S. Sligh,
L C. Butler, J. B. Campbell, Robert
Mr. J. B. Campbell moved we meet
3rd Saturday in April. Adopted.
Maj. J. P. Kinard moved that -the
proceedings be published in the Ne*
erry papers. Adopted.
Dr. R. P. Clark moved that the resc
utions of Township No. 2 be adopted,
vhich motion resulted unanimously.
Resolved, That this Club adjourn to
neet on 3rd Saturday in April.
E. P. CHALMERS, Chairman.
J. WM. FOr.K, M. D., Seoretary.
N~ew A' .1?icelaneous.
PiE LATEST NOYELTIES
IN NOTE PAPERS.
ogether with other articles in Stationery
Just received at the.
HERALD BO0K STORE. j
Mar. 29, 13-tf.
1,000 POTS e
HOICE GREEN AND HOT I
Consisting in part of ~
Single and Double Geraniums, Single and
uble Fuchsias, Red and White Begonias,
eliotropes, Century Plants, Night Bloom
g Cereus, Ice, Air and Wax Plants, Vines
d Basket Plants, Japonicas, Pine A pples,
mnanas, and fifty other varieties of Plants,
osses, &c. Grow~n from Seed anid Plants
:tar.. fro . ih tos .ea Florists of
Mew $ e/Kiseele6n J.
Having made a settlement on the Estate
of George W. Koon, deceased, I will apply
to the Court of Probate for Newberry
County on Lle 29.,h day of April, 1876, for
a final discharge as Administrator.
THOS. V. WICKER,
March 25, 1876-13-5t.
The public are warned against trading
for any one or all of the notes named be
low, which were stolen from we on the 16th
inst. One note on JeXerson Davenport,
for$]08 ; one on J. B. Chappell, $100;
one on Joseph H. Davenport. $69, with $49
credit; one on C. D..Borton, $150, and a
due bill from same for~#27.50; and one on
D.P. Champion for $17.40, all of which are
made payable to the subscriber.
Mar. 29, 13-3t*
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
IN THE PROBATE COURT.
D. Henry Wheeler, as Ad-)
ministrator of the Estate of Complaint
Caroline Summer, deceased, to Sell
Henry Summer, John H. Sum- Pay Debts,
mer, Martha Kibler, Mary ). Call in
Rikard, Thompson Kemp- Creditors,
son, Cincinnati Epiing, Cal- Marshall
edonia Summer, Caldwell Assets
Summer, McFall Mathews, and for
Sondlev Mathews and Ar- Relief.
chy Mills, Defendants. J
On hearing the Complaiat herein, and on
motion of Messrs. Jones, Jones & Mower,
It is ordered, That the Cred*tors of Caro.
line Summer, deceased, render in and es
tablish their demands by the 1st day of
It is further ordered, That the said Ced
iLors of Caroline Summer, deceased, be en
joined from enforcing the collection of their'
demands except in this case.
J. C. LEAHY, J. P.
March'21-, 1876. - Z--2t.
Ten (10) Shares Stock of the. National
Bank of Newberry, S. C.
Mar. 22, 12-2t.
FISH, 0YSTfRSq-- 8M
AND ICE IN SEASOL8
The subscriber respectfully informs the
public of Nowberry, that he is' prepared to
supply them in the above necessary articles
frpm this date. Having- dug as-large sdry -
well, and with all the required- facilities,
he will keep on hand an adequequtitty
of ICE and thusabe able to meet the-raaits
of the people
AT A REASONALII PIW
All orders for any of thi above mast be
Mar. 22, Z2-5. W: I E
If you desire to be restored wthout th&
se of medicine,
IOU TO GLEN gNUN8
HOTEL OPEN 1st JIBE
Parties received at any time. on a~plca -
Cottages to Rent7
Send for Circulars. =
JNO. W. SIMPSOK,
C. M. MILLEE,
Mar. 22, 12-lIt. In Charge
Mfice of- Conty Chaia
NEWBsEiRf C.H5,, .,3
Notice is hereby given that a Co
onvention of the Union Republican P'ar
f Newberry Coun.y, will: be- held at Ne
erry Court House, on the 8th day olA
msuing, at 10 A. M., for the put
hoosing three delegates to the S&ale
enion, to be held in Columbia, on
lay, the 11th. day of April, 1876, for
wrpose of choosing. Tourteen delestes
he National Convention of the Unionu
ubican Party, at Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Ghairman of the differenit Precine
rillcc.dl meetings to be held on 'need
~th day of Apil, 1876, atthe followin
,laces named to choose -the. numnbeo
lelegates herein specified, viz:
le wberry Precinct will elect 22 delegat
~aldwell 4 6
laybinton " " " I T
~romer's " " 8 I
.eeder's " '" " 8 "
loyd's " " " S "
foon's " ." "
endenhall " " C 7 4
oney Battery " " " 7
~annon " " " 5 "
eller's . " " " 5 "
Meetngs of dhe several precincts wiHl be
eld at the following places, to-wit:
Newberry Precinct will hold its meeting I
.t the usual place of meeting.
adwell Precinct, usual place of meeting.
Mfaybington Precinct, Jerry. Sondley 's
Cromer's Precinct, Cedar Grove.
Reeder's Precinct, Mount Olive.
Floyd's Precinct, usual place of meeting.
Moon's Precinct, usual place of meeting.
Mendenhall Precinct, Hannah-Chur-cb.
Stoney Battry Precinct, School House.
Canno1's Precinct, usual place of.nieeting.
Heller's Precinct, St. James' GhnureEi
At each meeting-the Precinct Chairmim
iall call the meeting to order and-tem
Mar. 22, 12-2t. County Chairman.
'ROSPERITY, 4 C
Passengers on the G. & C. N. ,$are al
wed 20 minutes for dinner at Prospezity.
A cordial invitation is extended to tray
le-, who -will always find a good table,
lite attention and moderate charges,.
Terms-Dinner, 50 Cents. Board per
Feb. 23, 8-tf ,Proprietor.
I THE DISTRICT COURT -OF
THE UNITED STATES-DIS
TRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
[REl?L I . No!ti~'csfF~
Thos B.R e nnry - Ntic
Ts.Bnkerupt . Crdiors.
IC ki h ruivtha aCeting.
~thCe Cei.os heeb gaive thank a meei
the Creditors of said Bankau?t will be