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New and Important Laws.
PASSEP AT THE OURRENT SESSION 4F
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
The followitis Acts have been ap
proved by the 'Governor and are now
SAcr to-provide an uniform Regis
try Lw 'for A-l Deeds 'and other'
instruments ii writing required to
be reeoraP& -
Be it er #bg -th6- -Sentte and
House of Representatives of the State'
Of South Carolina, . iwlnet and sit-:
ting in General Assembly, and by the:
authority of:the same':
SECTION 1. That all, deeds of con
veyance of inds, tenements or hered
itnments, either in fp* siniple or for
life; all deeds of -trust or instruments
in writing,. conveying either real or
personal estate, aod creating a trust or,
trusts in regard to such property, or
Charging or ibeuwbering the same;
all mortgages or instruments in writirg.
in th -natuie: of a mortgage of any
property, real -or personal; all marriage
settlements or.iostrumets ia the na
ture of a settlernent ~of marriage; all
teases or contrats in writing made be
tween landlord and tenant for a longer
-period than twelve months ; all statu
tory liens on crops; all statutory liens
on buildings and lands for labor fur
nished or performed on them; all
statutory liens on ships and vessels;
all eertificates of renunciation of dower;
id, genrally, all instruments in wri
ting now required by law to be re
corded in th6 office of registrar of
mesne conveyances, or in the office of
the secretary of State, which shali be
delivered or-executed on or after the
first day of January; in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and seventy-seven, shall be valid, so as
to affect from the time of such deliv
ery or execution the rits of subse
quent creditors or purebasers for valu
-ble consideration without notice, only
when recorded within forty days from
the time of such delivery or execution
in the-office of registrar of mesne con
veyances of the county where the pro
perty' affected thereby is situated, iu
the case of real estate; and in the case
of personal property, of the county
where the owner of said property re
sides, if he resides within the State,
or if he resides without the State, of
the county where sucb personal pro
perty is situated at the time of the
delivery or execution of said deed or
instrument : Provided, nevertheless,
That the above mentioned deeds or
instruments in writing, if recorded
subsequent to the expiration of said
period of 'forty days, shall be valid to
affect tbe rights of subsequent credi
tors and purchasers for valuable con
sideration without notice only from
date of such record.
SEC. 2. That all acts and parts of
acts inconsistent with this act be, and
the same are hereby, repealed..
AN Ac'r to make the survivors of par-'
ties to a transaction impeached for'
fraud competent and compellable to
to testify in certain cases.
Be it enacted by' the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State
of South Carolina, now met and sit
ting in General Assembly, and by the
authority of the same:
That'in any proceeding in any
of the courts of this State in which
any transaction shall be impeached for
fraud by a creditor or creditors of
either party to such transaetion, or by
'other person interested in estab
such fraud. the survivor or
rsof the parties to such alleged
fraaderbhen one or more of the said
parties. shall be dead, shall be compe
tent aud'.cmpellable to testify in
behalf of such creditor or creditors, or
other'person interested in establishing
such fraud, any law. rule or usage to
the contrary notwithstanding: Pro
vided, That nothing herein shall render
such survivor or survivors com'petent
to testify in relation to such transac
fion in their own behalf in any pro
eegding instituted by him..or them :
Provided further, That nothing herein
shalL render any person iweompetent
aa witness who is now competent
under the laws and usages of this
AN AC-r to amend Chapter LXXXV
of 'the Revised Statutes, relating to
the distribution-of intestates' estates.
Be it enacted by the Senate and
gouse:cf Representatives, of the State
fSouth Carolina, now met and sit
zdg in General Assembly, and by the
lutliority oghe same:
SThat Chapter LXXXV of the Gen
eral Statutes, relating to the'distribu
tion of intestates' .estates, be, .aud the
same is hereby, amended by making
the following subdivision 13 of See
tion 2 of the said chapter, viz : "13.
If the intestate shall not leave or have
left a child or other lineal de-scendant,
or brothers or sisters, or brother or
sister of the whole blood, or their
nineal descendants, but shall leave or
have left a widow and a father or umo
ther, the widoiv shall be entitled to
one moiety of the estate, and the fa
ther, or.-if he be dead, the mother,
shall be entitled to the other moiety."
AN. ACT to regulate the distributionI
of moneys recovered from officers of
this State in suits brought upon
their official .bond or otherwise.
Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State
of South Carolina, now met and sit-,
ting in General Assembly, and by the
authority of the same:
SEC'TION 1. That whenever any ofi
eer of the State, charged with the
care. elkection or disbursement of-I
public funds is required to give bond
to the State, and a recovery is had
upon said bond, or any moneys are
seized, levied upon or attached ini his
hands, or turned over or surrendered
by such officer to the State treasurer,
.-o hi cmmmtment to jail under
at the tiue Jf such recovery, seizure,
attachuient. levy or surrender.
6Ec. 2. That the provisions of this
act shall ouly apply to suits, seizures,
attachments or levies by or surrender
to publie officers, and tiot to suits upon
the bonds of such offic-rs brought by
SEC. 2). That all acts or parts of acts
inconsistent with this act are hereby
The Moses Impeachment.
To the Editor of The News and Courier:
I" the expressed wish of the press bad been
followed, Judge Moses would have been ad
judged guilty before trial, and no lawyer
would have thought it proper to defend him.
Thejpref>riety of newspaper comments upon
the merits of a case being tried is very ques
tionable. If the paper has any influence,
then ertainly the Court i< biased in i:sjudg
ment by consid.erations other than the law
and evidence appearing on the trial. Is this
As to the ethics of lawyers defending one
under the ban of public opinion, it had, I
thought, been long setled that it is their du
ty to use all proper means to ensure the ac
cased a fair trial. No judge will willingly
consent to try the greatest criminal unless he
has counsel. Innocent persons are often un
der the ban of public opinion. How is the
guilt or innocence of one accused to be de
termined without a fair trial had with the
aid of attorneys for the prosecution and the
defence? Ought not Wirz to have had the
aid of counsel? I claim the right, when I
choose, to defend any one who demands my
services, without justifying censure; unless
I ue dishonorable means or ignoble appeals
in the conduct of the defence.
You intimate that the withdrawal of Judge
Moses' counsel was merely a lawyer's trick.
I will state some of the reasons why we with
drew ourselves and our client.
I will premise by stating that we did. not
deem his case one that could not have been
successfully defended before a fair tribunal,
governed by the rules of law. It will be im
practicable here to go over the whole case in
detail, and I will touch upon only two items.
The only witness who .estified to a demand
of fees from suitors was the ex-clerk of New
berry. Now in this case we could have con
clusively proven that the order passed for
which this witness said a fee was asked was
one altogether against his interest. Yet Judge
Moses was convicted of this charge. Again,
the strongest point made against the accused
was by the clerk of Laurens, who says be
gave the judge $50 io approve a claim of
$700. Now was not this a preposterously
large bribe? Again, the date of the alleged
bribe was definitely fixed by the date of the
check, and we could have proven that the
claim was not approved at that date. Besides
Judge Moses showed as a letter frbm this
witness written two weeks after this date, in
which he asked the approval of this identical
account. In fine, we did think that with a
fair trial, before an unprejudiced tribunal,
we might have acquitted Judge Moses.
But did we have a fair trial? The articles
of impeachment, with the exception of three,
were so indefinite and lacking in specifica
tions of time, place and person, that we could
not be advised of what we had to meet until
after the evidence was out. Our endeavor to
force the managers to specify was un:zuccess
ful. The testimony that bore most strongly
upon us was reserved for the last, and an
abrupt termination of the evidence made
without notice. We then asked for the least
possible time in which we could have present
our witnesses and documents, and prepare
the defence. IVe asked only three and one
half working days. The managers opposed
this, and, following what seemed to have be
come the routine of the trial, the Senate sus
tained the objection. We assured the Sen
ate that we stated the simple truth when we
said we could not prepare in less time. Yet
this time was peremptorily refused. How
unlike the declaration made by the Lord
Chancellor presiding at the trial of Warren
Hastings, when he announced to the accused
he would be allowed whatever he could re
quire "of time, witnesses and all things else"
that he might hold necessary. And the
chancellor added, " This is not granted you
as ay indulgence; it is enirely your due.'?
Besides this ungracious refusal, nothwith
standing thre senators had taken an oath to do
justice impartially, "according to the consti
tution and the Jaws;" they sustained the po
sition taken by the managers that no law
was to govern them except parliamentary
uage. A question admitted to be 'leading"
was asked and sustained against our objec
tion, in accordance with the above position.
We then moved that the rules of evidence
that were recognized as proper in the trial of
Andrew Johnson be adopted. This was
peremptorily refused upon the flimsy objec
tion made by the managers that tbese rules
were not known to the Senate. This, too,
after the printed report of that trial had of
ten been referred to, and copies were abun
dant in the Senate chamber. Hence were we
not justified in declaring that our client "had
been deprived of the application and'protec
tion of well settled rules of law and estab
lished modes of procedure?"
Here you will excuse me for referring again
to the impeachment of Warren Hastings. The
Lord Chancellor presiding ruled, when it was
contended by the managers that the lex parlia
mentaria, and not the rules of common and
civil lair, ought to govern the trial: "With
respect to the usage of Parliament, of which
we have been told so much, I utterly d isclaim
all knowledge of it. In times of barbartism,
indeed, when to impeach a man was to ruin
him by the strong hand of power, the usage of
Parliament was quoted in order to justify the
most arbitrary proceeding. The Commons
may impeach,but your lordships try the cause;
and the same rules of procedure and of evi
dence which obtain in the courts below, I am
sure will be rigidly followed by your lord
ships." This ruling was sustained by a Tote
of 88 to 33, and by a body that had not sworn
to administer justice according to "the laws"
Under these circumstances, with the "laws"
repudiated, and time not allowed to prepare
the' defence, did not the least degree of self
respect require us to betake ourselves and our
client out of tha. tribunaal? Respect for jus
tice required that we should no longer be
willing witnesses of her degradatian.
I am authorized in stating th at every mo
tion made, every statement made, and every
ste p taken throughout our entire connection
with the trial, was unanimously concurred in
by the Hon. Jas. B. Campbell, Messrs. Jas.
M. Barxteir, Silas Johnstonre, Leroy F. You
mans, J. Young Pope, Judge Moses and my
You and the other gentlemen of the press
who have characterized our a ction as a trans
parent trick had better well consider the effect
of the establishment in South Carolina of
such rules and mo;!es of procedure in im
peacment trials as precedents.4
I am, with great respect, yorur obedient
servant, ' JMESs H. RlION.
We copy the following from the
Chronicle & Sentine!: :
The Orangeburg Net.s was mistaken]
it its siatement thiat Hion. A!exander
H. Stepheus.would leave for Washing.
tn City last Saturday to make his
last effort in behalf of the South. We
are sorry that the statemnent is a mis
take; and we greatly fear that Mr.
Stephens will never be able to return
to Wa&hington. His whole life has
been passed in the service of his coun
try, and it would be eminently fittingr
for it to end in the House of Repre-1
sentatives-the sece of his labors, of
his greatest usefulness and of his most
splendid triumphs. But the Giver oft
all Good seems to have ordered other
wise, and no oue will submit witht more
cheerfulness to the decision than the
patient and long-suffering statesman
The following are the successful t
caddtsith Clmi uiia
lcdtsin th ouba uiia
tlemnWr -.F rze
Mayopr-John.. n .
Aldermen--War 1.-P. F. Frze
A. Cooper and C. S. Minort.
TPOS. F. GRENEKER, EDITOR.
NEWBERRY. S. C.
W EDNESDAY, APR. 12, 1876.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
rhe Herald is in the iighest respect aFam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the material in
:erests of the people of this County and the
tate. it circulates extensively. and( as .n
Advertising medium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
Take to the Right.
The law of the highway and the
propriety of the pavetent are based
apon the same principle: always take
o the right. A great deal of annoy
111ce could be avoided if we were to
adhere to this rule. regardless of race.
o1or or previous condition. After
:nancipation it was but natural that
the negra would contend for the equal
privileges of the pavement, and cling
with great tenacity to the favorite in
ide of the walk; we have seen little
olered girls stick to a fence as if they
ad been glued there. Adopt the
plan of always taking to the right and
bhere would be no annoyance. If you
meet a lady, or an old or disabled
man in a r)ugh place, you will, of
,ourse, deviate from the rule and give
him the most eligible side of the pave
nent. In this connection we would
entiou another thing. A gentleman
ecompanied by a lady acquires certain
privileges; but be must not go so far
s not to notice any one coming from
bhe opposite direction and Sweep him
nto the gutter. It is his business to
can the dimensions of the side-walk.
nd if not of sufficient breadth, to
uietly fall behind'the lady until the
!omer has passed by. We have been
)ften compelled to balance on the curb
M-g and to nake an awkward step into
he gutter with evident risk of a
prained ankle. How can we expect
he colored people to do any better
f we are setting them the example,
md a bad example is always more
eadily folowed thian a good one. A
>ig rollicking negro. full of the thought
f having two dark beauties with him,
>ne on each side, brought us to a dead
alt the other nig'ht. Thesa are little
~hings, bu in the aggregte, they are
rery ar,noying; besides, breeding shows
tself in small things, yea, the very
east. It would, perhaps, be imupracti
~able for the Town Council to pass an
rdinance in reference to tihe subject
irst mentioned, but we could act upon
general agreement, and if properly
mted upon, the custom would soon be
:ome universal and the habit be estab
.ished. Always take to the right.
Blue Ridge Rail Road Meeting
A large anid inflnential meeting of
representatives from various points
interested in the revival and comple
tion of this great railroad project, as
~ebld at Anderson on the 30th of
March, pursuant to the adjournment
f the convention in Knoxville in dJan
iary last: Tennessee had a large re
resentation, as also South Carolina,
md there were delegates present from
ther States. The following perwa
ent o'fficers were elected:
For President-eol. J. W. Gant,
VicePresidents-J. L. Robinson,
\orth Carolina; Maj. H. W. Cannon,
eorgia; Capt. J. M. Greer, Tennes
tee ; Jas. T. Weism.an and J. S. Mur
ay, South Carolina.
Scretaris-W. WV. Hlumphreys,
T. W. Livingston and John W. Dain
The necessity of having separate
reports from tihe different States was
irged, so that it might be seen what
ach was doing, when it was
Rsoved, That a committee of seven
ye appointed from the several States
-epresented to report to this conven
ion upon the condition and future
rospects of the Blue Ridge Railroad.
The following is the committee un
ir this resolution: Prof. C. D. Smith.
md Dr. W. L. Love, North Carolina;
ols.'R. J. Wilson and W. G. McAdoo,
'ennessee; Col. H. W. Cannon, Geor
;ia, and Messrs. G. RI. Walker and J.
1. Hoyt, South Carolina. The presi
lent and Mr. Louis Zimnner were
upon motion added to the comm:iittee.
The speeches made oni the occasion~
md the iniformnatiou eli':ited give hope
at this grand scheme will yet be
uccsfully carried out, and we trust
hat the day will not be very far dis
at. If Northern capitalists will lend
heir aid its success will be sooner
chieved, and it .is reasonable to hope
hat when they see the work comn
reneed with energy at both ends of
he long line they will come in and
celp close the gap.
T CAxtOLINA TEACHER.-WC acknowi
We are sorry to hear that Senator
Lamar is seriously ill, and has been
obliged to leave Washington.
Lexiigton, S. C., has been without
a Sheriff for about fire weeks, and
since the death of Sheriff Gieger.
iThe town of Camden expended
during the past year 2.300 on its fire
department, which is now quite effi
cient. Sensible Camden.
Matamoras has been captured by
Diaz. Our neighbors have not had a
rebellion excitement for some time;
they can stand it no longer.
The anti-Chinese feeling is increns
ing in Frisco. The Californians
threaten violent measures if the whole
sale immigration is not stopped.
The hard money men are getting
somewhat softer. .Democrats and Re
publiClais are trying to get a compro
mise currency bill through Congress.
A party of Denver men with more
time than money are going to walk to
the Centennial exhibition. They ex
pect to dIo the distance within ninety
Last week an altercation occurred
between J. W. Meadows (white) and
Rufus Johnson (colored) at 66 T. 0.,
near Branchville, resulting in the
death of the latter.
The venerable Dr. Plumer of Colum
bia created quite a d6ep impression in
the New York Hippodrome, where he
took part in one of the meetings, and
answered questions propounded to him
by Mr. Moody.
The Democrats have carried i
necticut, re-electing Ingersoll govero'r
for the'fourh time. The Legislature
is Democratic, thus insuring a Demo
cratic U. S. Senator for the unexpired
term of be late Senator Ferry.
There have been no less than five
murders in the County of Barnwell
since January, and all by colored men.
The cause assigned is that they can't
all get office and must in some way
rise above the common level of their
The distressing intelligence that
President Grant passed a sleepless
night on the 31st ult., was flashed
over the wires on the next morning.
All next day he was unfit for any kind
of business. Poor fellow, perhaps his
segars are too strong.
A deplorable accident lately occur
red at B3lackville, and which serves as
another warning. ugainst L -?io
handling of fire arms. A youth just
rettrued from hunting was asked by
one of his young friends if he had
killed anything. No, replied the
other, but I will kill you, playfully
pointing the gun at him. Horrible to
relate the gun discharged and instant
ly killed the unfortunate lad.
The New .York Tribune says one
hole is enough to spoil a balloon. The
Supreme Court finds but one hole in
the Enforcement Act, but that one is
quite enough to make the entire Act
powerless and practically void. Hence
forth, at least for two years, the white
man is as good as a negro, the latter
having to depend for protection on
the State governments. Federal au
thority and Federal bayonets will be
of no - avail: Every little makes a
It is whispered that Blaine has been
forsaken by Cameron, the great Penn
sylvania manipulator, and that the
whole Harrisburg machinery is placed
at the disposal of Conkling. The
veteran Pennsylvania machinist under
stands all the lhttle levers, wheels and
valves. It looks bad for Blaine, even
if the South Carolina delegation should
vote for him, as is asserted t>y a Char
leston correspondent of the New York
Sun they would do, in case they could
not have Grant.
A recent issue of the New York
Sun has the following: "T. L. Cole
man, Mrs. John Seal. Mrs. Frank
Arnold, and others, have just discov
ered a land grant to Benjamin Walter,
a relative, for 72,000 acres of land in
Charleston, Abbeville and Greenville
Counties, S. C , dated in 1784, and
renewed in Charleston in 1851. As
lawyers are at work upon the claim,
there is already much consternation
among the property holders in that
rein." Lawyers in Charleston con
tradict the portion of the report as re
gards tat city.
Somebody's grandchiidren will starve
if they are going to wait for that
estate. A land grant and a gold amine
are dangerous investments.
The Charleston- News and Courier,
in speaking of the Egypto-Abyssinian
"Egypt has not yet conquered Abys
siiam. The truce has been broken,
there has been more fighting, and the
Abyssinians have been beatee! and
beaten !! and beaten !!! by the doughty ~
Turks. One would think they bad
had beating enough ; but they don't
know when they are beaten, and keep
on fighting. It must be remembered,
also, that the telegraphic dispatches
come through Egyptian channels, andj
th Khed;v is nos enlr.ili civilized 14
The Earle trial terminated on the
ith, with a verdict for the -plaintiff of
At th, re-ent weeting of the stock
holders of the Langley Manufacturing
Company,. M.ssrs. Wim. C. Langley,
Josiah Sil y . J. Pelzer, Jaies T.
Gardiir, B. S. Dunbar and Wmn. C.
Sibley were elected directors for the
nsuing year. The report of Presi
dent Sibley shows that the total profits
f the conmpauy for 1875, less 84,0*6.
82 paid out for in-terest, were $31,
177.28. From this must be deducted
the damage from two fires, leaving a
net balance of $12,268.49. From this
a dividend of $10,000 was paid. In
order to keep always on hand sufficient
working capital for business, dividends
have not been declared since April.
During the year the factory cousumed
2,173,261 pounds of cotton, costing
$298.511.47. 5.723,671 yards of
cloth were manufactured at a cost of
$433,764.27. These figures show that
the company has been working on an
But a few weeks intervene now be
fare the opening of the Great Centen
nial Exposition, which is to eclipse
and overshadow all the Grand Expo
sitions wTich have preceded it, oi
which may hereafter follow. The goods
are pouring in rapidly from all part.
of the world, but the consignments
have been slows than was desired,
and it is now feared that all things
will not be ready for the grand open.
in occasion. An order will probably
be issued in a few days for the entire
exclusin-of visitors from the exhibi.
tiongNdnds, the object being to pre.
V* i4f iference with the work of in
staihfg goods and beautifying the
site. - It is officially announced, how.
ever, that admission tickets way be
issued f6r which fees will be charged.
The prohibitory order has already
gone into effect regarding t.he build
ings, and causes much vexation to the
thousands of daily visitors. One fine
day, recently, the number of the latter
amounted to not less than ninety
thousand. The Chiet of the Bureau
of Transportation counted the cars as
they arrived, and carefully watched
th entrance of pedestrians, so that he
was enabled to make a pretty accurate
TOR THE HEEALD.
A Leaf from the Gallery of
Night in all heresolemn loveliness,
Brings before me, oh how vividly,
OWren memories of the past.
Al-most eleven years to-night since
the sword of war has slept in its scab
bard, and green grows te turf o'er
the graves of our fallen groes. Elev
en years ! hdwy time spie( on in its
relentless fist; howe y changes
have occurred in those:few brief fleet
ig years ; how many vacant chairs
have they made at our firesides; how
many shadows have they cast around
or hearthstones, and how many vete
rans have they left of that noble band,
the gallant and faithful, tried and
tue, 13th Reg't., S. C. V. Far be it
from ec to speak disparagingly of any
individual or command who rallied
eath the banner of our sunbright
Land, for my heart warms to the so
alled rebels and my hand is extended
in cordial friendship. But pen is in
adequate to express the exalted admi
ration, the -reverential love I have for
the old 13th. it was in its glorious
service that an only idolized brother
fought and fell ; its honor was the
pride of his heart, its praise his theme
in life, its victory his cry in death ;
nd through the solemn hush of night
these slumbering memories c o nm e
thronging back, clustering with sad
nd happy associations of the long ago,
nd it dhnost seems as if
'Time indeed bad turned back in its flight,
and that [ am a child again just for to-nigh t.
The veritable child which a few years
igo sat on the knee of the brave and
amented Col. Edwards, in the old
Newberrf depot, listening with child
sh eagerness as he told wondrous
tories of his "boys in grey," whose
prowess he said was equal to none.
And when I. unable to conceal my
:hild heart's yearning to see the -face
f that loved brother who was far
away on tented field, would shed bitter
tear's of disappointment he would
brush them gently away, caress.my
brow ead sottly, and tell me in his
own tender way of the "God of bat
lcs" who watched over the soldier in
he distant camp and "kept guard
when the army was sleeping.." and
ycild ever be their "shield and buck
er, their stay and refage'' in fiercest
sterm of shot and shell. Eleven years
tnd Williecand his brave Colonel sleep
:heii dreamless sleep ; the Colonel is
id to rest in his native church-yard
'mid the graves of his kindred, while
rillies golden head is pillowed far
iway on hostile soil, where r.o loved
sand may plant floweret sweet or drop
iprecious tear. But it matters not,
Ehey have crossed the river, and stand on
aiting to welcome their comrades o'er.
May the gallant 13th, at that last
~reat day, stand w4th unbroken ranks,
nd the golden gates be opened wide
s5 they pass through under the glo
ions banner of eternal love, owning
b~ n~t-~t '-I Am" tlic.ir lnv~il TAP 1~'r
FOR THE HERALD.
Our Washington Letter.
WASnINGTON, D. C.,
April 5, 1876.
There is a feeling of quiet satisfac
tion over the result of the Connecticut
election. It was thought certain that
the State would go Democratic, so
there is no room for great rejoicing, as
in the case of a doubtful election ; still
there is some satisfaction in knowing
that our anticipations were correct.
THE NEW YORK REPUBLICAN NOMI
NEE-WHY CONKLING IS PUT FOR
It is evident that the power held by
the combinat;in of corrupt meu, who,
with Grant at their head, control the
Republicar, party, is not shaken by
the disclosures of maladministration
recently made; and it becomes every
day more and more certain that the
Cincinnati Convention will nominate
any man this ring shall choose. It is
admitted here that the State of New
York with her thirty-fiv6 electoral
votes will decide the next Presidential
election; it being certain that neither
party can win without the vote of that
State. The endorsement of Roscoe
Conkling, a member of the Grant ring
from the first, by the Republicans of
New York, was, theretore, particularly
grateful to the Ring, and may be ac
cepted as an evidence that the decent
men of that party will have no voice
in the nomination. Conkling has held
absolute power over the office holders
of New York State, and has controlled
the patronage of the New York Cus
torn House. for eight years ; and his
strength, derived from "the cohesive
power of public plunder," should not
be under- estimated. The great issue
of the coining Presidential campaign
will be Honest Government ; and the
Democratic party is placing itself
squarely on that issue. While it is,
as I have said, evident that the Re
publican nominee will represent the
-existing corruption, it is-equally appa
rent that the nominee of the Demo
cratic party must represent Adminis
tration reform. Platforms the people
have learned to distrust, as being
merely promises too often broken.
The character of the candidates will
weigh more with the people thar any
pledges. These questions are freely
discussed among leading men here,
and there is a healthy tone developed
which bodes well for the party.
TR~AUD~ '&rAUs.! M~ORE FRAUDS!,
Henry HI. Finley, of St. Paul, Minn.,
who was employed by the Interior De
partmnent as an attorney to work up
the frauds in the Laud Office, has dis
covered evidence of the most startling
character, implicating ex-Secretary
Delano, ex-assistant Secretary Cowen,
and two United States Senators. Upon
reporting these facts, a few days ago,
Finley was notified that his servrices
Were no longer required; as the Gov
enent.did not think it necessary to
continue the investigation any fur
A witness before a committee of the
Hlouse, several days since, stated that
Trenor W. Parke paid John Delano,
son of Seeretary Delano, $62,000 for
the patent for the Emma wine tract,
and that the patent was issued upon
fraudulent papers now on file in the
Department. John Delano has been
subponaed. and further developments
may be looked for.
is also implicated in the most gigantic
as well as the most petty kinds of
frauds-from depositing $1,500,000 of
overnment funds with the bankrupt
house of Jay Cook & Co., to bolster up
their fallen fortunes, to having articles
of furniture for his own use made in
the~Navy Yard shops, at Government
All the investigating committees
are hard at work, with every prospect
of more work to come.
A 'POINT IN THE~ REPUBLICAN GAME,
in both Houses, is to provoke, by
taunts and jeers, the members who
were identified with the late Confed
erate States Government, especially
those who served in the Southern ar
my, into unguarded utterances. In
'the Senate, their target, for some-time,
has been General Gordon, of Geo.rgia,
than whom a more courteous gentle
man in debate does not occupy a seat~
in the Senate.
MORE INFORMATION WANTED.
Gen. Grant has been suspiciously
ill, of late; but is now better. About
this time, "the old man," as he is
called in Washington, is beginning to
cast wistful eyes in the direction of
the sea-beat~shore. The prospects of
his gettiug away early this spring are
not at all flattering, as the session of
Congress may be prolonged into the
summer months. The House has
adopted a resolution calling upon hi-m
for information as to whether the e.x
ecutive functions of the President
have, at any timae since 1869. been
exercised at any other place than
Washington, and if so, for what leagth
of time, and by what authority. The
reply of the President is awaited with
interest by a pensive public.
HON. B. A. WILLIS,
f New York, who introduced the
m I e ' f... in os il hc
"cornpr~uaise" financial bill which has
FOR THE HERAI.D.
CEurp-ELL'S, S. C., April 8, 1876.
MR. EDITOR: We regret that we were so th
injudicious in the selection of words in our
last article that we did not convey to Coun- t
tryman our real temper ana meaning. We
were not conscious of picturing ourself in
imagery as t Knight entering the ring boot- d
ed, spurred or lanced-a formidable adversa- sc
ry of Countryman's; nor were ve sensible of k
being "new", or "romantic" in declaring h
ourself what we really are "One of the Peo- h
pie;" least of all do we remember having in
our mind any intention of abridging Country- h
man's inalienable right-freedom of thought ,
and speech, or of exciting his sensitive feel- a
ings by irony or sarcasm at the expense of V
reason. As to restricting his irresistible di
thought and forcible expression of the same, bi
we knew without his gentle rcminder that oi
we couil not if we would; and felt that we 01
would not if we could; and if any harsh ex- al
pression did escape us, Countryman, we d
hope, will attribute it to inadvertence, to the 0
momentary warmth of controversy-to any- t
tping indeed than to a premeditated design a
of affronting him.
The truth is we were in a most matter-of
fact and serious mood when we wrote that
piece; and we wrote it not with the desire of
having a lengthy newspaper discussion but
with the view of giving as "One of the Peo
ple" an unequivocal dissent to the opinions -
of one who, as it seemed to us, was evident
ly under the impression that he spoke the
general voice of the people. We did indeed
feel like Countryman's "man at the public
mee:ing"-we felt like saying something,
and felt that we ought to say something
but as to .he analogy holding farther-as to
whether we, like the self-deceived man, had
nothing to say and consequently said nothing,
it is best for us to leave that unsettled-at
least leave it to the uabiassed judgment of
others. For Countryman has already de
clared in the affirmative, in a whole column;
and we would as obstinately stick out in the
negative for very self-conceit if nothing else.
Saffice it that Countryman allows that "the
man at the public meeting" was conscien
tious and patriotic-his intentions were good.
But let us calmly and briefly comment on
Countryman's revised arguments in support -
of his proposition, that the Democratic party
should not be reorganized. First, before he
informs us what his main arguments are he
tells us plainly what they are not against, be
says: "Our main argument was not.against
the name Democrat but only mentioned that,
it was in bad-odor with the colored people,
and without their vote we saw no chance of
success for the Democratic party in South
Carolina." Now; we think that we were not J
erroneous but fair andrect when westated
that the sum total of his whole arguments B
was against the name "Democrat." And
we again, after mature deliberation, express
the same decided opinion, that strip the piece
of all its superfluous appendages and the
naked thing remains but a feeble argument
against the name "Democrat." This is ap
parent to us not only from the genera! tenor.
and logic of his first piece, not only from the
very refutation (above quoted) he makes of
it in his second, but especially is it unques
tionably so to our mind from his six revised
and avowedly correct arguments in his see-F
ond. Arguments to prove what? "T hatthe
Democratic party should not be reorganized"
-not that no party should be organ ized but
that the Democratic should not be the one;
for one of the -very aiguments referred to is 'j
that, what lhe is pleased to call, the Conser
atve Ertysboatd~e subsitutedfor_thet
Democratic. . s
Now that we know what he wishes to
prove, what are his arguments?
1st. " That the whites are hopelessly in the
mirority"-ergo, it is not politic to reorganize
the Democratic party. The whites are in the
minority it is true, but that they are hope
lessly so, we do not admit; and it is for the
very reason that we see hope for us under the
Democratic banner that we say organize
thoroughly under it-white, black, all honest
men oppose one solid phalanx to Republican
ism and dishonesty. We have tried all the rest
-tey have all failed us. Republicanism we.
daily curse; every honest man who dares ex
press an opinion avows that in South Caro
lina it is a fraud-all the combination that we A
have ever made for the sake of policy have
utterly failed; and now we go back as a last
hope to the Democratic party. We embrace. A
it no t only on the loftier ground~s of princi- C
pIe, but also, if Countryman chooses, for the a
mere sake of policy . C
2nd. That the leadlers of the Democratic
party in South Carolina are not such as the
people are willing to follow."- This seems to v
us but begging the question. The leaders a
are creatures of the people.-delegates to the na
conventions are the only authorized leaders
of the people-the people can appoint whom
they will. -.
3rd. "That the useless agitation of party -
questions is ruinous to the farming interest."
We admit this proposition as it stands; but
so soon as you strike out the significant word.
"useless," you at once destroy its force. Thep
agitation of the question whether we shall
be secured in the possession of our rights by
a good government or defrauded of- them by
a bad one, is, we take it, not useless norW
ruinous to the farming or any other honest
interest. It is, we think, the duty of every
good man to take an unequivocal and active.
part in the matter. 0]
4th. "That the majority of -the laboring
whites are not partial to the name Democrat,
but want good men in office, without regard zI
to party or race." Our observation is.the
reverse of Countr'ymanl's,-We find that they
are partial to the name D)emocrat; not indeed rc
because they deem it a distinction of race, .I
but because they know that is the strongest in
opposite to the name Republican-Which in to
South Carolina has become the synonynie of hc
5th. 'That the Conservative party is the o
only true party for South Carolina." But we b
have tried that game of 'possum before.
Some have called themselves nothing, some th
have declared themselves liberals, some have
gone so far as to feign themselves republicans, -
with the view of conciliating the negro race;
but the negro has naturally regarded all such
with distrust. He knows the white race only
as Democrats; and so soon as we assume any
other name, he at once either flatters himself
that we are cringing for his vote, or sus- C
picios that we are trying to fool him. Be
sides, being Democratic does not debar us
being Conservative and Liberal. Democracy
is essentially both Conservative and Liberal, "
but eminently honest in its declarations. "I
6th and lastly. "That those thoroughbred "c
Democrats who hang themselv'es- out -ott "t
streets as signs for law offices, s.ud shout so9"
lstily for reform, are our worst engtwies."
f Countryman pleases, such as-he reyiesents
are not "thorough bred Democrats" ngr are .
they "our worst enemies." Thte corrupt cff- st
cials whom we have over us are our worst th
enemies-common enemies of all good agn 12
of farmers. mechanics, merchants, doctors, Al
lawyers and preachers; and if any shiqgf ar
lustily for retorm, he is expected to back h1is
profession by correspondingly-zealous actioy
But it is useless to discuss the quesltion
further-the people have already decided it
they are daily organizing Democratic Clulia
and it behooves all good men who dife~
from them to sacrifice private opinions fQ0
the public weal. -
A few words in regard to our position to
wards the negro race and we have done. We
assert our manhood, we tell the colored peo
pIe fairly, squarely and sincerely that we feel
indly, nay, indulgent towards them, that
e make race no question of Democracy, ~
that we draw the line oftdemarkation not be
tween the races but distinc~tly between Dem- U
cracy and Republicanism-between honesty S0
and dishonesty, that we intend to wage war W
gaainst corruption in high places and that
we demand of them their hearty co-operation Lt
as good laborers interested in the real we!- ap
fare of their country. If they joinl with us M
FOR TUE r.EnALD.
Mit. EDITOR:-What think you about
e condition of the country? I see
the H.ZALD that you urge farmers
plant corn and raise meat. Well,
[r. Editor, some of us woud be glad to
D so if we could, but we have- two rea
ms for not doing so. The first is, the
.nd renters are compelled to pay such
igh rent in cotton that it takes nearly
1 the land they can tend to pay rent.
lie second is, the big bugs or land
Alders have freedmen stuck on every
ok and corner, under the pretence of
iaking a crop, and how do they do it?
Tell, I'll tell you how. They are un
er no fence except only a few pine
:ush or some other like material,-which
Aly serve as fun for sheep, bogs, cows,
goats to creep through or jhmp over,
id the consequence is they are caught,
ieir ears cut off to the head, eyes put
it, and frequently taken to the pickling
ib or abused in such a way that they
re of little service any more.:
Now, if we can find any way to
.medy these two evils, we will do all
re can to raise plenty, and o.bligate
airselves to furnish our editors with fat
id, pork and mutton.
- LAND RENTER,
Hard by Old Indian Creek.
.irew X V-i1sceUaneous.
(FORMERLY wiTH CAPT. J. F. SPEcK,)
VATCHES AND CLOCKS,
Store between P. W. & E. S. Chickas and
D. B. Wheeler & Co.'s,
STOCK OF -
*WELRY AND TRINKETS ALWAYS OtmD.
All work warranted to give sattsranton.
Apr. 12, 1876-15-ly.
1othing and Rats
to & We.- 1)t SUVAPP1L411,
COLUMBMA, S. C..
arge St ! Luw Pies!
LUE FLANNEL SUITS FOR MN AND
IAGONAL COATS AND VESTS.
BOYS' SUITS FROX *3:5 TO $15'
. LATEST STYLE MATS.
Ante Bellum Prices.
Apr. 12, 1876.
OSITVELY ONE DAY ONLX
'W O P E RFORMAtES I
AFTERNOON at s, EYENING at So'clock.
___oorseopenl at2 anir
The Great Original and Eenowne n
EN. TOM TRIB a4 WIFE,
Together with the Infnitesimal
MISS .M1VNIE W AIBET
And the Skatorial Phenomenon,
Will appear In a Variety of2~
ASCINATING PEFN W E
Consistin of SONGS, DUETS, DNC !S,
IALOGUgS COMIC ACTS and LA GB4E
BLE SKETCHES, as given befored|ue
Potentates of the Earthdurlthstr4
Around the World. -
t each Entertaihment the a'die'swDi1wear
several New and Elegant,Costune
Magniilednt Diamonds,A&c. -
dnmission -Only - 3 0 Ceus
bildren under-Ten Years...... .5bents -
eserved Seats..................5- "
bildren under Ten Years to Re.
Ladies and Children are consideratelya;d
Led to attend the Day Eghibition, an4thus
roid the.erowd and confusion-of the~ Eve
GEO. MITCHELL, Agent.
eserved Seats For Sale.atJohn-F..Bpeck's
wery Store. Apr.12, I5-2t.
~RESPASS. -N IE
All persons afe hereby warneMf a tres
ssing on my land-permissie6dely be
g given to pass an the reads21eading
rough the same. Violators will be dealt
itt, strictly according to law.
WM. M. KINARD.
Apr. 12, i5-St.
FFICE OF COUNTY COMIMISSINEBS,
Proposals or bids for repairing tg Bra
emani Bridge over Enoree River, and
LnfOn's Creek Bridge,near Pomairia, will be
ceived at this .office ntil the 18th day of
sy next,-according to specifications on file
this office. The Board reserve the right ;
reject any or all bids ; but it -is.to be
ped that, no person will be deterred from
tting in bids because ot doubt as to want
promptness in pay meat. Sureties -may
required. Proposals may be ldft- with
e Clerk. SIMEONK YOUNG,
Apr. 11, 186-15--5t. Chairman.
fOTICE TO SCHOOL
Extract from the Sebool Law of South
"For this purpose lhe (the School Comn
issioner) shall encourage the formation
f associations for mutual improvement ;
eC shall attend the indetings efsuch asso
iations, and giv~e such advice ind instruc
ion as, in his judgment, will contribute to
heir greater efficiency." * * * *
Pursuant to the above, notice is hereby
ven that -a nmeeting of The Teachers' In-]
tute of Newberry County -will.be. held at
e offiee of the School Commissioner at
~o'clock M, on Saturday, the I.5th insC.
I school teachers throughout- theCounty
e invited to be present.
HARRY B. SCOTT~
hool Commissioner for Newberry. County.
Newberry S. C., A pril 11, 1876. 14-It.
:res Neuralgia, Face Ache a.
s, Gout, Frosted Feet, hl1I.
re Throat, Erysipelas, kiises or
ounds of eyerv kind in-ma:Coir animal.
L valuable horseAbad Swelling and ard
mps in his Throat; could not swallow;
plied GILEs'IANIXENT IODIDE OF AMMO
~; instantly soreness and lumps disap- /