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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vol. XIII. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUINE 13, 1877. iNo. 24.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Ne wberry, S. C.
BY THO&. R. ORRNRKKR,
Editor and Proprietor.
Terms, $2.09 per .Inuti
Invariably in Advarse.
SThe paper is stopped at the expiration
time for which it is paid.
SThe k' mark denotes expiration of su
scr iption. ___
I think it was a stroke of luck
To come into the world a duck;
I fly, I swim, I walk, you see;
What other can compare with me?
I swim-far better than the swallow,
I~fly, and beat old Dobbin hollow;
I walk-and thus surpass the trout
And other fishes, out and out.
But when did envy ever lack
A word of ill behind one's back?
It makes me sick to hear them talk.
They say I waddle when I walk.
And when I fly with outspread wings
The swallows mock-the saucy things.
They say I dare not wheel or skim,
Lest I shoald fall and break a limb.
And yesterday a pert young chub
Gave me, be thought, a hardish rub;
"That swimming?" said he with a laugb
"I call it only half-and-half."
We let them talk, it won't hurt me
They are not da: ks and drakes, you see;
Our graces put them in a pet;
that I really was a drunkard. I
attempted to arise, but I reeled
and fell back against the table
beside which I had been sitting,
nearly knocking it over. But I
could stand and I could think.
Was I drunk ? Perhaps . I was ;
and yet I had called for arother
glass of brandy. I determined
not to drink it but go home at
As I was passing the bar, the
waiter politely bowed and said :
"Doctor, one dollar and a quar
"For what ?" I asked.
"Six drinks this time are three
shillings : fourteen last night, sev
en shillings. That just makes ten
"Was I here last night ?"
"Certainly; don't you remem
I said I did, but I didn't. But
I paid the money and left. And
as I passed into the-street some
ragged boys shouted:
"There goes old Parks, drunk
I felt like annihilating the ras
cals, but I smothered my indigna
tion and reached my home. Pro
ceeding at once to my study, I sat
down and began to reflect.
It was Friday. How many
patients had I visited that week ?
I couldn't tell although I felt cer
tain that I had visited several, of
what I did I had not the faintest
idea. I called up my wife and
asked her whom I had waited upon
during the last four days. She
replied that one party received
my service on Monday, and ano
ther on Tuesday. The names
mentioned were formerly among
my best friends.
"Were either very sick ?" I
"Mrs. White, the lady upon
whom you called Monday., is very
'-And I have not been near her
S"And she has not sent for me."
S"No. Her husband procured
"Procured the services of an
"Yes, IDr. Brown."
s"Was I-wife, I am going to
task you a plain question, and I
Dwant a olain answer. Was I
drunk when I called on Mrs.
r"Her husband said you were,"
came the hesitating answer.
My wife spoke those words in a
.very sad tone, and it called to my
;mind the reference to her in the
.conversation I had overheard.
Y.'Xes, her every appearance was
sufficient to convince me that she
was really sinking under some
.thing. Was it the unhappiness I
1gave her because I was a drunk
0I didn't make any promises
then, but I thought them. Per
b aps I might have spoken them,
p but at that moment a servant
tcalled at my study, and informed
nme that a poor woman was at my
edoor and wished to see the doe
aIt was re'ally a relief to me to
have one person call, and I went
to see what the poor woman wan
ted. She was a wretched-iooking
creature, pale and emaciated, al
-tho' there was no appearance of
I intemperance about her. 1 asked
. her what she required, and she
"Sure, me husband has fell
through the trap over a.t the big
distillery, and broke his leg all to
dI consider myself a capital sur
geon, and it occurred to me at
-once that amputation. might be
Fe necessary. So I told the woman
Sto wait a moment, and I would
Saccompany her. I went to my
. Iroom, procured my instruments,
Sand then proceeded to the resi
>dence of the injured man. It was
tlocated on Pearl street-then the
1 most wretched in the city-and I
felt a terrible sensation come over
.- me as I mounted the rickety
tstairs tbrough the filth and
sstench, into a little attic room.
.As we reached the apartment the
n. pvr womnu said to me:
a "I hope you'll excuse us sir, but
e we didn't come to this until my
e I anahand took to drink an' negt
lected his work. I can't support
the children alone."
Here was another blow to me.
I went in, made an examination
of the broken limb and found sure
that it would have to come off. I
informed the woman that this
was the only way to save his life,
and she begged me not to let him
die, as she could not live withont
Was it possible? Could she
love that brutalized creature ? He
was lying perfectly unconscious,
and the filth around him actually
turned me sick. But I must do
something for him, and yet I
feared to attempt the job alone.
I told the woman that I would
procure assistance, and return in
a few moments, and then entered
the street. I had intended to go
for another doctor but as I began
to think about it I feared to do
so, lest every one should refuse to
work with me.
My hands were,trembling eow,
for the liquor I had drank had
nearly worn off. I thought per
haps a glass of brandy would
steady my nerves; so I entered a
saloon and took one, two, three.
My hand began to be steadier,
and I felt a greater confidence in
The bar kept at the Eagle was
one of the most fashionable down
town, and the brandy was excel
lent. So I drank again and again.
Now a little rest would do me
good, and I seated myself in an
easy chair, in one corner of the
After sitting quiet for fifteen
minutes; I felt that I was ready
to perform my work, and that I
could do it alone. I arose and re
turned to the hovel.
I rolled up my sleeves and be
gan. The wife stood weeping at
my side, but I heeded her not.
The children trembled with fright,
but it did not touch my heart. I
handled the penknife and used the
saw-and that limb was off. But,
horrors ! in gathering up the ar
teries, I could not find the main
one. 1 cut the leg again and
again, and still the artery receded
He was bleeding to death, and
as he gradually grew paler his
consciousness returned. He open
ed his great glaring eyes into
"Have you not seen the cursed
effects of rum often enough to
know better than to bring a
drunken doctor here to perform
such a work as this ? He has
murdered me !"
The wife began to shriek in the
most terrible manner, and the cry
was taken up by the children and
their wailings rent my soul.
"I'll save him," I cried ; "I'll
save him yet. For heaven's sake
cease your cries, or you will have
a crowd of people here, and I can
do nothing. Be silent, and within
five minutes I will return with
I attempted to pass from the
room, but I was compelled to
wade ankle deep in the blood. I
found that my clothing was com
pletely saturated with the crim
I went frantically into the
street, and towards the residence
of Doctor Brown.
"For God's sake," I cried,- as I
met the doctor, "come with me,
quick ! I have attempted the
amputation of a man's leg, and I
''You must attend to your own
cases," coolly replied the doctor.
"But the man will bleed to
death," I said.
"His blood is upon your head. I
cannot compromise myself by any
connection with such as you."
"Then go alone and save the
man ; I will simply show you the
"I will ; for it has been my pro
vince for a long time to save
where you have nearly killed."
Tfhe doctor followed me from
his house to the hovel of the in
jured man. But when I reached
it, what was my horror to see a
large crowd of people gathered
outside the door. The wife was
n the centre of the circle, and
she was tearing her hair and
absrieking terribly. Her little ones
were clinging to her and moaning
Presently the eyes of the fran
tic woman fell upon me. She
sprang towards me, shrieking:
"He's dead ! and you are his mur
I was paralyzed. I turned to
fly, but could not. I was riveted
to the spot.
Then there came a general
murmuring from the crowd. It
became louder, and louder, and
finally a voice exclaimed, "Hang
the murderer !"
Those words were repeated by
others, and then one universal cry
rent the air: "Hang the mur-'
The mass began to swing to
and fro, and then made a rush for
me. They seized me and dragged
me toward a distant tree, while
their. howlings were terrible to
bear. Then a rope was procured,
placed about my neck, thrown
over a limb, and I was drawn up.
I suffered most terrible agony,
and it appeared to me that I hung
there for hours. I tried to die,
but could not.
At length I heard the crowd
below me exclaim: "He's dead
now. We can take him down and
I was lowered and crowded into
a narrow box. I tried to tell them
that I was not dead, but I could
neither move nor speak, although
my senses were in no way im
Then I heard the men digging
earth, I knew they were making
a grave. This completed, the box
which contained me was rolled
into it. Then the earth began to
rattle down upon me.
My God ! I could not be buried
alive. I put forth all my strength;
I struggled fearfully, and my
powers returned to me. I burst
from my confinement, and sprang
out of the grave with a wild cry.
Then I looked around upon the
Was it possible ? I was still in
the bar of the Eagle saloon, and
had just leaped from the chair
where I had been sleeping. A
dozen men were looking at me,
some in wonder, and some smil
ing, as they thoroughly under
stood the case.
I had drank too much on enter
ing the saloon, seated myself in
an easy chair, and had the drunk
ard's dream. But it was so ter
ribly real that I could scarcely
believe it not to be such. Fright,
however, thoroughly sobered me.
I went at once to Dr. Brown
and humbly stated the case, ask
ing him to assist me. Hie con
sentLed, and we both repaired to
I shuddered as I entered, but
the injured man was lying as I
had left him. We performed oar
work, and the man recovered, but
with the loss of a leg.
I returned home with a fixed
purpose in my mind. I did not
tell my wife my dream, .but I
pressed her to my heart and pro
mised her that I never would
drink again. She wept, but they
were tears of joy.
And 1 have kept my promise
AN OUTRAGE.-NOt long ago a
man, calling himself M. Long, went
through parts of our county exchang
ing bills of the State Bank for the
bills of the Bank of the State. He
managed to exchange about $20 with
old Mrs. Shealy, and other old people
in the upper part of the Fork. We
warn our readers against any such
exchanges. The bills of the State
Bank are worthless. This mian Long
represented himself as living near
(Summit ( Lexington) Courier.
A young lady says that "if a
cart-wheel has nine fellows at
tached to it, it's a pity that a girl
like her can't have one !"
A blind mendicant in Paris
wears this inscription round his
neck.: 'Don't be ashamed to give
only a sou. I can't see."
Look out for drunken pigs whben
ale comes in hogsheads.
When is a fisb fit for a lunatic
sin m ? When it is in Seine ?
LFrom the Journal of Commerce.]
ITS PAST AND PRESENT-ITS LOCATIO3
TRADITIONS AND HISTORY.
Those of your readers who ar
beginning to cast about for som
place of rest and shelter during th
hot months which are approaching
will be pleased to know that thi
celebrated watering place is not
open for the season.
Glenn Springs is situated on
high ridge, dividing the Fair Foi
est and North Tiger rivers, ninet;
miles rather northwest of Columbia
within five miles of the Spartanburg
Union and Columbia Railroad, an<
twelve miles south of the town o
Spartanburg. It is accessible mori
conveniently by hack from Spartan
burg C. H., by a pleasant and pic
turesque drive of less than tw<
hours. Professor Toumey, in hi
geographical survey of the State
speaking of this route, says : Be
tween Spartanburg and. Glen
Springs the Fair Forest has scoop
ed out a channel in the Gneiss rock
-at the foot of a hill, forming a wil<
and picturesque little view. Gneisi
is also well exposed at the quiet an<
pretty spot called Cedar Springs
now an asylum for the dumb, dea
and blind, where a bold spring o
pure water issues from a fissure ii
Glenn Springs is classed by Pro
fessor Walter, in his work on min
eral springs, among the Sulph:
Springs. But the analysis by Dr
C. U. Shepherd, of the Charlestor
College, shows it to contain beside
sulphuretted hydrogen, sulphate o
magnesia, carbonate of lime, ani
sulphate of lime, and is, therefore
both alkaline and saline, and henc<
the very large class of disease
which it benefits and cures. In
deed, there is scarcely an ailment
except well developed tubuculai
consumption, and that in the las
stages, which it does not benefit.
Tradition says that in the yeal
1764, over a century ago, when th<
wild deer, and other denizens o
the forest, were plentiful in th<
District of Spartanburg, old hunt
ers observed trails converging fron
all points of the compass to a cer
tain marshy cove at the base of
hill, where this celebrated spring il
now situated. To this marsh thes<
wild animals were in the habit, ii
the spring time and summer, of re
sorting, to drink the water whic]
run from it, and many an antlerei
buck has lost his life in caring fol
his health. After the time of th<
deer and the buffalo, the cattle a
the early settlers had the same re
sort, and when lost from distan
sections, they were almost always
found at what was then called th<
"powder marsh." The early set
tiers observing this fact, scoopei
out holes in the marsh for the wa
ter to fill up, and used them as bath
ing places for their children and
indeed, all who had any eruptivt
disease ; and for years and years i
was regarded as a sovereign reme
dy for complaints of this character
An old gentleman, of some sixtP
years or more, now living in thii
vicinity, informed me that when
ehild he was bathed in a little pud
die below the spring, for som<
eruption, he said the itch, which i
effectually cured. At that earl:
age the spring was not found, ani
the water was only used forF bath
ing purposes. Subsequently, hoiw
ever, the spring was discovered
and the .people began to imitatt
the example of their cattle, ani
commenced drinking the water
which they found, if possible, mor<
efficacious than bathinug in it,
It is said that Chancellor Davii
Johnson, many years ago, bough1
the tract of land upon which th<
spring is located, giving for it at
old horse, and afterwards sold i'
for a profit of four hundred dollari
-a good large profit, but not equa
to fifteen thousand dollars, whici:
it subsequently brought.
About 183--, after the spring
had attained something more that
a local notoriety, Mr. John B.
Glenn, of Union County, while o::
a visit to his brother-in-law, Mr.
Austin Spands, who then owned
the property, hearing of its won
derfn1 nures. bought an interest iz
it, and moved up for the benefit
the health of his wife. They a
childless and had been for ye
but after one season, Mrs. Glei
health improved most rapidly,
she became the mother of a bot
ing boy, who still lives in
neighborhood, a standing mc
e ment of the virtue of Glenn Spr
e water. After this, the fame of
e spring extended far and near, i
i, a great many persons resorted
s it for their health. Cabins w
v built all over the place, and
there was not room enough to
a commodate the people. Mr. G1<
was unable to build, and he 1
y induced to sell out to a compi
of gentlemen, consisting of
' Morris Moore, Dr. Winsmith,
l A. B. Irvine, Dr. Vanlew,
f Thorne, Davis Caldwell, Rob
e Moorman, Geo. Ashford, Knit
Sims, Wm. Peanot, Morgan Ho
- ton, Saml. Brown, J. B. Glenn,- c
some others, whom my inform
3 does not now remember. Th
, gentlemen obtained a charter fr
the Legislature, and in the y
1 1838 built the present hotel E
- eight cottages in the lawn.
The main body of the hous(
i sixty feet square, three stories s
3 a half high, with three wings fi
I feet each, two stories and a l
high. The rooms are ample a
f well arranged. There is a fifty f
f dining hall room and parlor,
i sides billiard room, card roc
reading rooms and reception roc
- and there are six rooms in each
- the eight cottages. Upon the cc
r pletion of the hotel, there wa
grand opening, and at once it
1 came the fashionable resort of
3 State. Many resorted to it
f pleasure, but many more for tb
I health. Even committees of I
Legislature made it a place
3 meeting in the interval, and i
3 cel brated acts of the Legislati
- of 1839 and 1840, defining the <
ties and liabilities of the distr
e officers, not keounty, when peet
b tion and fraud were unknown, wi
drafted here, and here many ofi
e chancellors drafted their mosti
3 portant decrees.
f Under the management, howev
3 of this company of distinguisi
gentlemen, it did not prove a fini
icial success, and in a few yeari
-became the property of Mr. Jc
L C. Zimmerman, who managed
3 successfully and satisfactorily
3 some ten years, and year by yea:
I became more celebrated. Duri
- this time Dr. M. Laborde, of
1 South Carolina College, says of
I "One of the best watering places
Le the Southern country is situa
3 in Spartanburg IDistrict-I m<
f Glenn Springs. This has bee:
- place of great resort for the peo
t~ of the State, and has acquire<
3 well merited celebrity. Many
3 the most distinguished gentlen
-*of South Carolina who have sp<
I seasons at the Virginia Springs a
Saratoga, have pronounced it ft
- equal to these world renowi
3 In 1853 Mr. Zimmerman sold
bto the Revs. Mr. Arthur and 3
-Collough, for the purpose of opi
.ing a female college, but in t:
rthey did not succeed according
3 their anticipations. Besides, i
L people clamored for it as a resi
-for health, and it was again oper
ato the public by Mr. J. C. Jann
b of Columbia, and others, u.ntili
r war. After the war it was oper
I by the Messrs. Fowler, and is n
-owned and open to the public
- Dr. J. W. Simpson and J, Wis
,Simpson, of Laurens, who mo'
3 to it for the benefit of their heal
I These gentlemen are improvi
,and fitting up the house a
3 grounds, and hope to make it, as
ante-bellumi days, a place where 1
igood people of the State can i
Stogether during the summer moni
Sand talk over their troubles of 1
ipast, their delivergeie from carp
ibaggers and corruption, and th
Sbright and glorious prospects:
lthe future, under Hampton, honei
Sand home rule. So mote it be.
The - president of the Unit
States Mortgage Company is
propriately quartered at Chicago
The new Chinese coin is the
-tieth part of a cent in value, aa
a nannifdaare Uaafl anikel.
of LTranslated from Schieberts Guerre Civile.
ere GENERAL STONEWALL
lm's But let us pass to the origina
nd Jackson, whose short life is sc
Lnc~ filled with heroism, and therefor
the would lend so many charms to ar
nu- extended biography that it is very
ing difficult to confine ones' self tc
the sketching . his great characteris.
mad ties. General Stonewall Jackson
to had nothing in his exterior ap
ere pearance which would indicate e
yet General of so great merit.
ac- Of a medium and unerect stat.
1 ure, awkward in his movements,
as he perfectly resembled a scholar,
my with his keen, black eyes - and
Dr. pleasant countenance, enclosed in
Dr. a black beard.
Dr. His long black hair, his precise
ert language, and the complete neg
ligence of his bearing, did not
as- modify the impression that he
nd produced as a soldier, the less as
ant he was not a skillful cavalier, and
ese that he trotted not elegantly on a
om thin, brown horse, now become
dnd General Jackson was born Jan
. uary 21, 1824. Sprung from pa.
1 is rents with little wealth, he was
.nd at an early age destined to a mili
fty tarv career. He was educated at
raif West Point, on leaving which
,nd place he entered the artillery. In
eet the campaign of 1847, against
be- Mexico, he distinguished himself
In to such a degree that he was soon
im, commissioned first lieutenant. His
of brilliant conduct in the battles of
'm- Con treras and Cburubusco obtain.
S a ed for him the grade of captain,
be- and after the battle of Chepulte
the pec he was breveted major. But
for the climate so badly affected his
eir health that he was forced to re
he sign in 1852, and to accept a Pro
of fessorship at the Virginia Military
he Institute. In this vocation M
ire distinguished himself by his ori
a- ginality. Litt). liked by the Ca
1ct dets, whom he alienated by his
tda pedantry and severities, he was
re frequently the object of carica
~he tures, and received a quantity of
~m- nick-names, such as "Old Tom,"
er, If the war of secession had not
ied afforded him occasion to put into
m"- play his brilliant military quali
it8 ties, he would, most likely, have
hin passed through life, like many
it thousands before him, as a simple
for individual who would have been
it rendered conspicuous more than
.n in any otb5r manner by his ori
~he ginality. In 1861, at the age ol
it' 37 years, he was called to the
il conmnand of a small corps of ob
ted servation at Harper's Ferry, and
aan after that debut it could have been
0. a perceived that he possessed dis
ple tinguisbed talents as a General;
a not only in the skillful prepara.
of tion of his troops, but also by his
ien judgment in conceiving and exe
3nt cuting his pla.ns.
nd After the military operations in
filY which he was engaged, of which
Led there has been an account in this
work, it is. no longer necessary to
it refer to his military talents ; but
iEc- there is much untold about his
enl- character that is of interest.
Eis Jackson was a Presbyterian,
to and resembled Cromwell in being
~he not only the military but spiritual
rt chief of his soldiers. He remained
Led faithful to his peculiar belief; did
ey, nothing without prefacing it with
she an ardent prayer, so that his men,
Led who were attached to him with a
ow most profound love, saw him, so
by to speak, surrounded with an ideal
tar halo, while he himself drew from
red this intimate union an invincible
th- for"", and in contempt of his per
ng sorsal safety, committed into the
nid hands of Providence. He had a
in ze.-l for the service, and an activ
~he ity in the execution of just meas
3et ures, the result of which was to
~ha make all mediocrities subservient
1he to his will.
et- It was in this that his force
eir consisted, that acquired the abso
For lute confidence of his men, and
sty gave him a boldness almost joy
ous, which reflected itself on his
face whenever he executed a
ed But it was not only before the
sp- battle that he prayed. His negro
.servant said of him, "LNassa, on
morn in' of big battle, prg~y so
sfif much." But even~ during the bat.
ad tle, when he could not obtain vic
tory: thn in tha ve thinktad
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DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH.
of the fight, he would raise his
arm as if to appease the heavens.
lie always attributed to God the_.
victories he gained, as did former
ly Gustavus Adolphus, of Sweden.
He died with the same heroism
and in the same faith in which he
bad lived. Only one who, like my.
self; has been an eye-witness, could
form an idea of the regr-ets and of
the profound sadness that biq
death caused in the army. Gen
eral Lee was particularly struck
by the blow. It was Gneisenaui
who was missing to Blucher.
When General Lee received the
news of the amputation of Jack
son's arm, he wrote : "You -are
better off than I am, for while you
have only lost your left, I have
lost my right arm."
The following letter that Gen
eral Leo wrote to Jackson after
his wounds, furnishes us with the
most striking representation of