Newspaper Page Text
A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c
Vol XIZ[. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST2,187No34
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry, S. C.
BY THOS. F. GRENEKER,
Editor and Proprietor.
Terns, $2.00 per .Innin,
Invariably in Advance.
r The paper is stopped at the expiration of
time for which it is paid.
27 The > mark denotes expiration of sub
GEORGE JOHNSTOXE. F. W. FANT.
JOHNSTONE & FANT,
Attorneys at Law,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Will practice in the State and United
States Courts for South Garolina.
July 25, 30-1m.
W. H. WALLACE,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Office over Harmon's Store, adjoining
HERnAL Office. Oct. 25, 43-tf
Drugs J Fancy .rticles.
If you wish a soft, pleasant light to read
by, get a Blue Glass Lamp Chimney, or a
Combinati9% Chim: ey and Shade from
POPE & WARDLAW.
We have just received a splendid assort
ment of HAIR and TOOTH BRUSHES,
TOILET SOAPS, from 5c. a cake upwards,
and an entire new supply of DRUGGISTS'
SUNDRIES and FANCY GOODS in gene
ral, to which we invite the ai tention of all,
more especially the ladies.
Our stock of
BRUGS, PATENT MEDICINES.
PAINTS, OLS, YARNISNES,' GLASS,
SEGARS, TOBA0C08, PIPES,
Brandies, Wines and Whiskeys
For Medicinal purposes,
Is full and all recently purchased, which
we will sell as LOW A.S THE LOWEST,
and upon reasonable terms.
at all hours by our Dr. D. S. Pope, who can
be found at night in room over rear por
tion of o.ur store.
No. 5, !ollohon Row.
Newber-ry, May 15, 1877. 20-tf.
DR. E. E. JACKSON,
DNGIST AND CllE1IST,
COLUMBiA, S. C.
Removed to store two doors next to
A full stock of Pure Medicines, Chemi
cals, Perfumeries, Toilet Articles, Garden
and Field Seeds~, always in store and at
Orders promp~tly attended to.
Apr. 11, 15-tf.
Great chance to make money. If
yucan't get gold you can get
HLILunbacks. We need -a person
mevery town to take subscrip
tions for the largest, cheapest and best 11
lustrated family publication mn the world.
Any- one can - become a successful agent.
The most elegant works of art given free to
subscribers. The price is so low that al
most everybody subscribes. One agent re
ports maing over $150 in a week. A lady
agent reports taking over 400 subscribers in
feays. All who engage makemoe
as.oca devote all your time monte
business, or only your spare time. You
need not be away from home over night.
You can do it as well as others. Full par
ticulars, directions and terms free. Ele
gant and expensive Outfit free. If you
want profitable work send us your addres.s
at once. It costs nothing to try the busi
ness. No one who engages fails to make
great pay. Address "The People's Journal,"
Portland, Maine. *33-1y
McGuffey's, Wilson's and Sanders' Read
Spellers and Primers.
Histories, Dictionaries, Grammars.
Copy Books, Slates, Pencils.
Chalk Crayons,.&c., &c.
Just received at , -. e
HERAt) BOOK STO1|
Aug. 8, 32-tf. -...~
ATL ANTA M ~COLLEGE,
ATLM A, CA.
The Twentieth Annual Course o Lectures
-will commence ,Oct. 15th, 1S77, and close
FCULY..G. Westmoreland, W.F. West
moreland, W. A. Love, V. H. Tallaferro, Jno.
Thad. Johnson, A. W. Calhoun, J. H. Logan,
J. T. Banks; Demonstrator of Anatomy,
Send for Announcement, giving lull in
formation. JN. THAD). JOHNSON, Dean.
Aug. 8, 32-im.
This institution, beautifully situated in
the mountains of Virginia, on the Virginia
I n TeUDneseRiod hvgacmo
dtn onee ihnde angit aborders
offers for ongle underi andtades
ffers to young ladies superiOr advantages
4.~~11t,he branchesofa lihO
BY MARY E. BRADLEY.
Seventeen years of shine and shadow,
Since the rosy light of morn
Made the sweet June roses redder
In the hour that you were born
Hour that brought to flesh and spirit
Such an ecstacy of pain,
Such a rapture of rejoicing
As will never come again!
I remember how the tender
Rose of morning flushed the gray,
How the sun, with sudden splendor,
Changed the dawning into day;
How the dappled clouds went sailing
Clear across the summer sky,
How the robins trilled and twittered
When I heard my baby cry !
Seventeen years, but I remember
Still the passionate delight
Of that radiant June morning,
After all the weary night.
Haply, born to-woman-nature,
It may come to you to learn,
With your own child for a teacher,
Such a story in your turn.
If it ever does, my darling,
May the time be rosy June;
May the robins trill and twitter
Such another happy tune,
And the child that. God shall give you,
All I ask is, may it be
Just the daily joy and comfort
That my first-born is to me!
"My hair must, I think, have
turned white in a single moment.
Let me tell you about it," and Mrs.
Hartley, a lady of thirty or there
abouts, with a pleasant and singu
larly expressive face, her head cov
ered with a luxurious mass of hair,
silvery white, commenced the fol
lowing narrative :
"Ten years ago, this very day, I
was married. My husband's busi
ness was such that he was not able
to leave the city for any considera
ble length of time ; so my dreams
of a wedding tour on the Continent
were unrealized, and 1 was com
pelled to conteet myself with a few
weeks' travel ifthe West.
"After having visited several of
the principal cities we came across
an old friend, who, with his wife,
was also in search of pleasure. One
evening, at dark, vie found ourselves
at a little settfement a few miles
from Milwaukee. It had commenced
to rain, the night bade fair to be
very unpleasant, and to complete
our miseiy, we discovered that the
driver we had hired to take us to
Milwaukee was either terribly stu
pid, or a little.intoxicated-the lat
tr seemed most probable. My
usband, after questioning him in
reference to the locality, found that
a short distance further was a tav
e, where we could spend the
"This was very acceptable news
to me, for 1 had grown exceedingly
nervous at the approach of the
storm, as well as at the lateness of
the hour, and the singular behavior
of our guide and driver.
."My husband's 'Shall we stop or
go en ?' met with a hearty 'Stop by
a11 means,' from the wh.ole party ;
and after a few moments more
groping among the dripping trees,
we halted before a little wayside
inn, which, at first appearance, pre
sented rather a comfortless aspect.
The room into which we were ush
ered was large, square and well
lighted ; a cheerful fire crackled.
upon the hearth, presenting a strik
ing contrast to the chill, dizzy out
"It did not take long to remove
our wrappings and order supper,
and in a few moments a good, sub
stantial repast was laid before us.
After having sat an unprecedentedly
long time over our coffee, our
friends, Mr. and M~vrs. Withers,
were placed at one end of a long
hall, or passage, and we at the
"This is cozy," said Frank, pre
paring to retire. "The whole get
up of this place reminds me of our
country houses at the East. I
haven't had anything to taste so
good since I left home as my sup
per did to-night. Plain, clean, sub
stantial and enough of it, and this
ain't bad," glancing at the snowy
dimity, and high feather bed. "But
what's the matter with you ?" he
continued, amazed at receiving no
"A strange nervousness had all
at once taken possession of me, and
the sensation was so new that I was
absolutely frightened. It was the
first time in my life that I had ever
experienced such a feeling of fear,
and I was too proud to admit the
truth, so evaded the query by de
claring that I was utterly fagged
out, and needed sleep. Just then
a knock was heard at the door.
My husband answered the sum
'Would you be kind enough,"
Isaid a voice, which I immediately
--rcogize as our landlord's, "to
come with me to the next house ?
A poor fellow has sent for some one
to read the Bible. He is in the last
agonies, sir, and I am sorry to say
no one here can do it, and I have
made bold to come and ask you.
It seems a shame to have a poor
fellow step out withoi.t a single
crumb of comfort.'
"I'll be with you in a moment,"
replied Frank ; and with a "Thank
you," which was altogether too
cringing for my taste, the man turn
"But, Frank, you are not going !"
I exclaimed, in horror, as he drew
on his boots.
"Why, Lis, what a question!
who would refuse such a request ?"
he replied, without looking at me.
"Of course I am going. It isn't
possible my little wife would say a
word against so simple an act of
kindness? God only knows what
straits we may be reduced to in our
last hours. 'A cup of cold water
in my name,' and 'As ye do it unto
the least of one of these,' remem
"With a sob, which I could not
restrain, I hid my face on the pil
"Well, I declare, you are ner
vous," he continued, leaning over
the bed to comfort me. "You are
actually . trembling. Now, be a
good little girl and bolt the door
after me. It isn t at all probable I
shall be gone over an hour," and
without another word, he slipped
his watch,pocket-book and one of
his pistols under my pillow, and
"Oh, that dreadful presentiment
of evil, and nothing else, that made
me so unwilling to be left alone. I
tried to say, 'Frank, I will not al
low this ; if you insist upon going,
I will accompany you;' but in some
incomprehensible manner, I was
withheld, probably my anxiety to
stand well in the estimation of my
husband caused me to restrain fur
ther exhibitions of timidity.
"He told me to fasten the door,
but I dreaded to step out of bed.
It seemed as if some great, black
hand was all ready to grab at my
ankle ; but I knew it must be done,
and after a moment's hesitation, I
leaped out, turned the key, drew
the bolt, and with the speed of an
antelope, tucked myself down into
the comfortable feathers.
"Sleep ! I might as well have
tried to sleep in the regions of the
infernal, couldn't close my eyes
even. There was a painful sensa
tion of its being necessary to keep
myself close together. My feet
seemed so far away from my head
that I was compelled to draw them
carefully up, and when at last my
knees touched my chin, and there
was no further curtailing possible,
I tried to define what I was afraid
of ; but the more I tried the more
wretched and perplexed I became.
I could see nothing-hear nothing;
but a warning of danger had been
wafted to my soul, which that soul
felt, but could not understand.
"A cold perspiration started
from my face, but I dared not lift
my hand to wipe it off. Every
sense seemed preternaturally acute.
After a space of time, which seemed
to me like an eternity, I distinctly
heard a slight rustle under the bed.
Still I stirred not. Again and
again it was repeated, and at last I
discovered that somebody was try
ing to move from his hiding-place.
The cause of my horror was then
plain. What should I do ? Rush
for the door, and attempt to Alarm
my friends at the other end of the
passage ? To save my life, I could
not move an inch ! Still the strange
movement beneath me. It appear
ed as if my right hand were taken,
without the least volition of my
own, and laid upon the little de
stroyer under my head.
"My eyes seemed riveted on the
'foot of the bed, where, in a little
while, a hand appeared-a long
black hand, which grasped the
rail, as if in this way to assist its
owner to his feet.
"Slowly, as I had seen figures
appear before a trap-door on the
boards of a theatre, the horrid
thing assumed proportions. Not
for a second did I remove my eyes.
"The head was small, covered
with long, perf&'tly straight black
hair ; tiny, bead-like eyes, glistened
like those of a serpent. The crea
ture's mouth seemed liteg~lly to
spread from ear to ear, while t he
thick, crimson lips gave a crowning
hideousness to the most terrible
countenance I ever imagined.
"My hand clutched the murder
ous little weapon.
"The wretch moved slowly to
ward me, keeping his horrid eyes
fixed on my face, while a leer im
possible to describe, proclaimed
that he thought his job an easy
Right away, igow ! Then Bill hug
gy you!I" muttered the brute, ad
vancing another step.
"With a steadiness that would
have done credit to a professional
shooting at a target under ordinary
circumstances, this right hand drew
out the little pistol, fired, and in a
second's time the giant, with a
n;i-;in shriek reele and fell.
"It appeared to Lae that a legion
of men came running up stairs.
They tried the door.
"This I thought a part of the
plot, of course. My husband had
been beguiled into leaving me, and
I was in a den of thieves. So there
I stood by the door ready to shoot
the first person who crossed the
"They entreated to be let in.
"Whoever attempts to enter this
room is a dead man !" I answered
with my mouth to the key-hole.
"Let me in, Lis, please!" said a
well-known voice. "Bella, open the
door. What can be the matter ?
There is nothing to hurt you from
the outside, Bella, darling; open
the door !"
"And I did.
"My God ! What is this ?" came
from every member of the house
hold, as the dead body met their
"And, my God ! what is this ?"
said my husband, taking my hair,
which had turned perfectly gray,
which hung about my shoulders,
into his hand and bursting into
tears, "Oh, darling ! why did I
leave you !" was all the poor fellow
"The man was a villain who had
several times escaped the penalties
of the law, on account of what it
was pleased to term his idiocy.
"So there was no conspiracy ?" I
ventured to ask, after taking a long
"None at all," replied Frank.
"The poor man we went to visit
died while I was tl:ere."
[Cricket on the Hearth.
AN ESSAY READ BEFORE THE SUMMER
MEETING OF THE STATE GRANGE AT
ANDERSON, S. C., ON THE 8TH OF
AUGUST, 1877, BY E. L. ROCHE,
ESQ., OF ASHLEY.
The laws regulating interest are
among the earliest found in the
statute books. In Greece, as far
back as five hundred years before
Christ, money lending was a recog
nized occupation, and 18 per cent.
was the legal rate ; but -36 per cent.
was charged for mercantile loans,
and as much as 16 per cent. per
day was paid by doubtful borrow
ers. The Roman law, called the
laws of the Twelve Tables, allowed
interest at the rate of 1 per cent.
per month, or 12 per cent. per an
num; but the Roman laws on this
subject were frequently modified
and altered to prevent evasions,
but apparently without success.
In the year 408 the legal rate of in
terest was reduced to 5 per cent.
Justinian made a further reduction
to 4 per cent., but exempted mer
chants, who were allowed to pay
and receive 8 per cent. The usu
rers, however, under this reign are
known to have taken as much as 60
per cent. where the risks of loss
was gireat. Stringent laws against
usury were passed in subsequent
years by other rulers of the Roman
Empire ; but the money lenders
contnued to evade and render
them nugatory. In the year 740
the Roman Senate again ratified a
law making 12 per cent. the legal
rate of interest, and forbade Sena
tors to engage in the business of
money lending. Again later, we
find, under the Emperor Theodo
sius, 24 per cent. as lawful interest
in Rome. By the laws of Moses,
Jews were pr~ohibited from taking
interest from each other ; but were
expressly permitted to do so from
strangers. The canonical laws gov
erning the early Christians also
forbid the taking of interest from
*their brethren- Thiis idea was taken
no doubt from the Jewish laws on
this subject, as we do not find in
the New Testament the practice of
taking usury condemned, but ra
ther commended, notably in the
parable of the talents, where the
slothful and unprofitable servant
who hid his lord's money in the
ground and failed to put it at in
terest is punished, but the servant
who traded with the talents com
mitted to his care, and gained by
that means other talents, is reward
ed by having given to him not only
what he before possessed, but also
the talent which the first had failed
to profitably use. Evidently the
prohibition of the canonical law of
the early Christians was intended
to regulate the intercourse among
"the brethren," that is among those
who were to be the conspicuous
leaders, just as the apostles were
sent out without money to pay
board, and the brethren were ex
pected to provide for them in their
journeyings ; all their goods were
in common. Of course society gen
erally cannot be regulated upon
such a basis, and it would be as
absurd to pass laws now against
people char-ging board as it is
against their charging hire for the
loan of money. After the fall of
the Roman Empire, and during
what is called the dark ages, no
interest was permitted, but a sys
t+-i cae rents was practiced,
whereby borrowed money was re
turned yearly in small sums. As
we approach nearer to our own
times the rates of interest are found I
to fluctuate, but still, upon the
whole, becoming steadily lower.
During the reign of Henry VIII in
England, 10 per cent. was the law
ful rate ; under James I, 8 per
cent.; under Anne, 5 per cent.
William and Mary borrowed at 8
per cent. from the Bank of En
gland-at that time a new institu
tion recently established. Money
can now be borrowed in England
at from 2 to 5 per cent., the cur
rent rate being regulated entirely
by the abundance or scarcity of the
article in the hands of lenders.
From the brief review of the his
tory of interesj laws, which I have
given above, one fact is clearly de
fined, namely, that no law, hereto
fore enacted, has been stringent
enough to prevent what has been
designated as usury. Nay, even
in the laws themselves we find a
redognition of the adage, "Neces
sity knows no law," and that an
crease or decrease in the interest
obtained on loans must be governed
by the individual wants of the par
ties to the contract. In one instance
merchants are allowed to pa3 and
receive 8 per cent., but borrowers
engaged in other pursuits pay but
4 under one ruler ; 36 per cent. is
named as the legal rate under a
succession of others; the ranges of
lawful interest run all the way from
24 to 2 per cent. This proves that
when the people were prosperous
and money plentiful, and the risk
to the lenders reduced to a mini
mum, they were willing to accept
small returns for the use of their
capital. But in times of difficulty
and danger, either from internal
dissensions or foreign war, when
the tenure by which property was
held became impaired, and the pro
ductive energies of the people crip
pled, money, like corn, clothing or
any other valuable thing necessary
to the comfort or convenience of
domestic life, advanced in price;
in fact it was worth more, and
those who had it to lend required
to be paid according to the risk
run and the demand - growing out
of the necessities of the situation.
The people of South Carolina are
to-day in a position similar to this ;
they are, so to say, in a transition
state, and have been so for ten
long years ; nor have they yet
solved the problem or settled what
they will do with it. Trained in
the management of one kind of
labor, namely, slave labor, the
landed proprietors were, without
preparation, called upon to organ
ize a new system, and make the
former slave profitable in his new
relations as a free man. What was
possible or impossible in this di
rection no man knew, and expe
rience could be the only teacher.
The land owner was driven by the
necessities of his position to accept
the situation and ta?ke the risks, be
they great or small. But the cap
italist, who was called upon to ad
vance the cash with which the ne
cessary stock, tools, fixtnres and
labor was bought, could have no
inducement to embark in this busi
ness but the hope of gain, nor
could he have been expected to do
so for a rate of interest of 6 or 7
per cent. per annum.
The abnormal political condition
of South Carolina also intensified
the difficulties under which her
people labored, and the frightful
shrinkage in values, not only of
real estate, but personal property
also, operated seriously against the
introduction of capital from abroad,
and it was only the high rates of
interest and prospective profits
that could induce moneyed men to
take the risk incident to so disor
ganized a state of society. Under
the circumstances, the repeal of
the usury law was a wise and ne
cessary measure, freeing the land
owner and capitalist alike from an1
impracticable and useless incum
brance. With the absolute need
to borrow or starve, the land owner
found his ability to furnish ade
quate security vastly curtailed, but
by this repeal the former was ena
bled to borrow on the produce of
his land, and the latter to obtain
security from the same source.
The system of taxation hereto- 1
fore pursued by the dominant po
litical party in this State has also i
compelled bankers and mogiey lend-]
ers to demand high rates of inter- 1
est from borrowers. Private indi-1
viduals are, in many instances, en
abled to evade taxation on personal1
property ; but bankers and banking i
houses are, from the nature of their
business, under constant surveil
lance, and it is almost exclusively 1
from institutions of this kind that <
planters, factors and agents obtain
the funds by which their crops are ]
cultivated and their produce moved.
The united taxes levied on these
institutions, I am credibly inform- 1
ed, together with the expenses of
management and working, will ag- 1
gregate 9} per cent. on their cap
ital. A law, therefore, limiting in
terest would either close these
banks, or force them to resort to
evasions, which would complicate
bsin-e i an he morally wrong,
even when beyond the reach of
Re-enact this law and the trans
actions of ordinary business would
be hampered by numberless subter
fuges ; agents, brokers and middle
men, would reap a rich reward from
the necessities of borrowers, and in
place of a fair and open trade in
money, by which all loans would be
governed, and a known market rate
of interest established, a complicated
system of commissions, exchanges
and overcharges would be devised,
and result only in increased ex
pense and annoyance to the unfor
tunate borrower. The old usury
law formerly in force in this State
was, as is well known, a dead letter
before its repeal by the Legislature,
so tniversal had become the prac
tice of evading it. The temptation
to do so would be greater now than
before the war, as the moral tone
in business circles is infinitely
lower and practices recognized as
legitimate that would not then
have been permitted.
I have heard the argument used by
the advocates of a usury law that one
of the chief objects was to hamper
the farmer, prevent his borrowing
money, and in that way confine his
operations to the narrow limits of his
own labor and the labor of his imme
diate family. What progress or im
provement can come from a scheme
so narrow and contracted as this ?
These legislators would tie the bands
of the man of energy to the plow tail
and hoe handle, give him no chance
to hire help to till additional acres, to
fertilize his fields or improve his stock,
by restrictinghis undeniable right to
go into a free market, and make his
free contracts for what money he
needs, and pay for his cash, just as
he pays for his labor or supplies, that
is to say, no more or no less than what
it is worth. Besides, all men in South
Carolina are not farmers, or even re
motely connected with agricultural
pursuits. It is the manifest duty of
the Legislature to make laws for the
government of the merchant, the man
ufacturer, the mechanic and the pro
fessional man, as well as for the land
owner and farmer, and it should also
foster and care for the material inter
ests of every class. To move the
crops and supply the multifarious
wants of society, the merchant must
have either from his own stores large
supplies of ready cash or be perforce
a constant borrower. The manufac
turer has to meet daily his expen.ses
for labor, raw material and repairs.
o, too, with the mechanic Wvho con
tracts for work, and to whoma the
journeyman looks for daily bread.
Banks were originally designed to
meet the wants of such as these, and
without exception every member of
bhe classes enumerated above will tell
you, "Pass no usury laws, leave us
ree to make such contracts for money
is seems best to us." They know
~hat the rate per cent. for loans is
xed by the laws of trade, and regu
ated by causes beyond 'the reach of
In former years in the State of
outh Carolina money was not worth
ore than 6 or 7 per cent. because
apital was abundant, and a greater
ortion of the labor necessary for con
luting agricultural and mechanical
peratons being performed by slaves,
eady money was but little needed,
md a few dollars went a long way in
;hose halcyon days. The banking
sapital alone amounted to $15,000,
)00, and the banks were allowed to
ssue bills to the amount of $5,000,
)00 more. They were also -estricted
o 6 per cent. interest for discounting
0tes, but could buy and sell foreign
md domestic exchange. Now mark
he workings of these institutions
With all the advantages derived from
ssuing bills upon which they paid
hemselves no interest, but upon which
1hey received 6 per cent., they found
t still more profitable to transfer a
arge part of their capital to the great
noney centres of this country and
~urope, and employ their money in
raling in exchange, untrammelled
>y usury laws.
A. T. Stewart, the great dry 'goods
nillionaire of New York city, bought
large part of his foreign exchange
rom the agents of the Bank of Char
eston. What immediate benefit was
his large capital employed in New
ork to the agricultural community in
outh Carolina? Did it make money
~heaper ? No farmer or planter, as a
ule, had bank credit in those days in
ny ordinary city or country bank, for
hey all did their business more in
Tew York than at their local offices;
he presidents carried the banks in
heir pockets. The planter requiring
mdvances was forced by the above sys
em into the hands of the commission
nen who knew the ropes, and although
per cent. was the rate of interest that
ppeared on the face of the bonds; no
hing was said of the commissions
~harged for finding the cash. The ef
ect of the re-enactment of a usury
aw at the present time would be to
erange and obstruct the whole finan
:ial machinery by which the agricul
:ural and mechanical industries of the
3tate are carried on. Confidence in
he integrity of the people of South
Jarolina is being re-established. and
,iso in their ability to meet their lia.
iities, and the dictates of wisdom
would be to interfere by legislative
nactments as little as possible with
ah ,.conize modes of tra'nsacting
business. No law which could be en
acted would or could annul existing
contracts. These must expire by their
own limitation. The signs of the
times indicate that from natural causes
interest here in South Carolina, as
elsewhere, must decrease. Already
has money fallen from 12 per cent.
per annum to 7 or 8. With an in
crease in our material resources, a fur
ther reduction is certain; confidence
will bring out the secret hoards now
unemployed, and the lenders become
numerous and the borrowers .ompara
The great principle which underlies
this question is one that has always
prominently influenced the minds of
Southern men, and particularly men
of South Carolina. Legislative inter
ference with personal rights have at
no time found favor in this State. The
usury law may be placed in the same
category with the Puritan blue laws
and the modern Maine liquor and pro
hibition laws, with which you are all
familiar. I for one do not desire to
see the Grangers of South Carolina
putting themselves on record as advo
cates of such measures as these-laws
simply enacted to satisfy popular
clamor, which neither those who cry
out loudest for their passage or the
legislators who enact them intend to
obey. The Grange must rise above
these petty considerations, and look to
the true interests of the whole people ;
not to those which are supposed to
benefit one class at the expense of the
others. A law that cannot fail to em
barrass the mercantile and mechanical
classes must also in the end bear hard
ly upon the agricultural, and no legal
enactment regulating interest can make
money plentiful and lenders of it ac
commodating. But a good govern
ment, honest officials, .indrastious far
mers, and prosperous 4erebants, with
home manufacturers, making a home
market for the produce of the soil,
these are, and have been, the wants
of South Carolina, and these alone can
bring capital into the State and true
prosperity to her people.
THE BOOK OF EXODUS.
It is gratifying to the moral
sense, as well as instructive and
anmpsing, to review the list of radi
cal politicians who once held high
carnival in the State House and
ruled South Carolina with iron rods
and brazen brows. Of these the
first to depart was ex-Treasurer
Niles G. Parker, against whom, du
ring Chamberlain's term, the State
obtained a verdict of $50,000 for
the fraudulent issue of Conversion
bonds. He escaped fro1n jail, was
recaptured and released under ha
beas corpus, and is hiding in New
Jersey. After Parker, the, roses
ung sturdily upon their bushes,
ntil the coming of Hampton, when
they begun falling thick and fast.
1. The first under the new order
of things, to disappear, was ex
Land Commissioner C. P. Leslie,
who came to the conclusion that
when the Hampton Government
was firmly established he could no
longer clear his own skirts by
threatening his accomplices.
2.. After Leslie, and immediately
pon Chamberlain's surrender, went
. H. Jones and E. V. Glover, car
pet-bag legislators of Georgetown
County, who foresaw the wrath to
ome, and fled before the face of
3. Governor Hampton took for
al possession of the State House
n the 12th of April. On the night
f the 11th of May, Mir. Daniel H.
hamberlain took his departure for
4. On the 13th day of May, A. D.
877, B. F. Whittemore, the fat
fiend of Darlington and State Sena
tor, departed for his home in Mas
sachusetts, and has failed to re
spond to the affectionate request
that he would come back and re
ove certain stains upon his es
5. Mr. L. Cass Carpenter, for
erly Editor of the radical organ
f this State, '-ex-Congressman and
ex-Revenue Collector, was arrested,
n the 28th of June at the instance
f the Investigating Committee,
harged with forgery, and is now
out on bail awaiting trial.
6. Jonathan J. Wright, a Penn
sylvania negro, Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court, has been im
peached by the Legislature for hab
tual drunkenness, and now awaits
7. Y. J. P. Owens, ex-State Sena
tor from Laurens, who accumulated
large fortune by manipulating
oupons and certificates, has mys
teriously disappeared from the ken
of South Carolinians. - ,
8. The lovely form of R. K. Scott,
for two terms Governor of this
State has also vanished amid the
storm of investigation.
9. F. L. Cardozo, mixture of ne
rro and Spaniard, ex-State Treasu
rer and member of the Returning
Board, was arrested on the 21st of
July for fraud, bailed in the sum of
$20,000, and has disappeared.
10. Henry E. Hayne, mulatto,
ecretary of State from 1872 to
1876, and a member of the Return
ing Board, has also fled the State.
11. IR. H. Gleaves, mulatto, ex
Lieutenant-Governor, has fled no
one knows whither.
12. On the24t nstaant S. J
Advertisements Inserted at the rate of
$1.00 per square (one inch) for first insertion,
and 75 cents for each subsequent insertion.
Double column advertisements ten per cent.
Notices of meetings, obituaries and tribu:cs
of respect, same rates per square as ordinary
Special Notices in Local column 15 cen:s
Advertisements not marked with the num
ber of insertions will be kept in till forbid,
and charged accordingly.
Special contracts made with large adve!
tisers, with liberal deductions on above rater.
DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCHf.
Lee, colored, ex-Speaker of the
House of Representatives and So
licitor of the Second Circuit, was
arrested, charged with the fraudu
lent issue of pay certificates, and
13. On the same day ex-Governor
and ex-Speaker F. J. Moses was
arrested in this city on a similar
charge, and conveyed to Columbia,
where he awaits trial.
14. On the 25th, A. O. Jones,
colored, ex-Clerk of the House was
arrested on a charge of fraud and
perjury, and taken to Columbia,
where he is awaiting trial.
15. C. W. Montgomery, ex-State
Senator, is under arrest and await
ing trial on the charge of fraudu
lently issuing pay certificates.
16. Josephus Woodruf, ex-Clerk
of the Senate, fled the State but has
been recaptured, and brought back
for trial. The charges against him
are complex and the evidence is de
17. Ex-Judge and ex-Congress
man S. L. Hoge, of Ohio, has left
18. D. T. Corbin, of Massachu
setts, the former holder of a dozen
different offices, great ku-klux pros
ecutor, and United States District
Attorney, has gone to Europe, and
it is asserted that he will not return.
Those of the old Iing who yet
remain are E. W. M. Mackey, Speak
er of the Bayonet House, W. N.
Taft, carpet-bagger and State Sen
ator, C. C. Bowen, Sheriff of Char
leston County, C. W. Buttz, ex
Congressman and ex-Solicitor of
this Circuit, T. C. Dunn, ex-Comp
troller General, 3. L. Neagle, of
Massachusetts, ex-Comptroller Gen
eral, W. J. Whipper, a black carpet
bagger, ex-Member of the Legisla
ture and would-be Judge, W. H.
Stone, carpet-bagger, ex-Attorney
General and member of the Return
ing Board, R. B. Elliott, black, car
pet-bagger, ex-Speaker and ex-Con
gressman, H. W. Purvis, mulatto,
ex-Adjutant and Inspector General
ma member of the Returning
Board, R B. Carpenter, ex-Judge,
S. A. Swails, mulatto, State Sena
or, Sammy Green, black, State
Senator, Robert Smalls, colored,
Congressman, and Daddy Cain,-eol
red, ex-Congressman and Preach
The probability is that of those
left many will be, ere long, struck
by the reform lightning, and in a
year from now there will hardly be
a vestige left of the most powerful,
mncrupulous and corrupt Ring that
eer oppressed a people.
[News and Courier.
In June things are-are exceed
ngly nice ; we can prove it by a
Graphic paragraph : "This is the
onth when Emilie 'thrust among
be thorns her little hand.' This
s the month when Juliet leant
from the balcony and dallied with
lowers. This is the month when
ilton's Eve stood half veiled in
fragance 'so thick the blushing
oses round her blew.' This is the
onth when, as Lowell reminds
s, nature lays her ear to the earth
,o see if it be in tune. Lilacs
lossom. Oysters-rest and medi
ate. Little boys admire the beau
eous honey-bee, and get stung
ainfully on their pan taloons. The
appy milkmaid hies her to the
owing herd, singing as she goes,
nd gets kicked over the fence by
bhe cow with the poke on. Hens
row on the front stoop, and lay -
beir eggs in the other man's yard.
['be frog chants his evening an
hem from the contiguous pond,
nd the gorgeons robin whoops 'er
p when you want to sleep in the
norning. Fruit begins to appear
n the stalls of the rural market,
ut fish-balls will be found safest
or a steady diet. The air is balmy,
weltering, half-hazy, and the Bun
olls over, red as a billiard ball.
ow cats wail their platonic bal
ads on back fences, and this, oh,
his-is the season when it isn't
Iite safe to be a dog."
"Now, my boy," said the exam
ner, "if I had a mince pie, and
boud give two-',welfths of it to
on, two-twelfths to Isaac, two
~welfths to Henry, and should
~ake half the pie myself, what
ould be left ? Speak out loud, so
~hat all can bear?" "The plate!"
~houed the boy.
She said it was a very bright idea.
e said he knew a brighter one,
nd when she asked him what it
as he answered, "Your eye, dear!"
Phere was silence for a moment ;
ben she laid her head upon the
~im of his ear and wept.
T,nv.AI.,Aiy ~ kr,ovAn~,- urhn b~