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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vol. XI. WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1877. No. 37.
EVERY WEDXESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry, S. C.
BY THOS, P. ORRNRKR,
Editor and Proprietor.
Ter,t4s, $2.00 per .innurm,
Invariably in Advance.
rrtepper is stopped at the expiration of
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Drugs ' Facncy .Irticles.
If vou wish a soft, pleasant light to read
by, get a Blue Glass Lamp Chimney, or a
Combination Chim; ey and Shade from
P(DPE & WARDLAW.
We have just received a splendid assort
mnent of HAIR and TOOTH BRUSHES,
TOILET SOAPS, from 3c. a cake upwards,
and an entire new supply of DRUGGISTS'
SUNDRIES and FANCY GOODS in gene.
ral, to which we invite the attention of all,
more especially the ladies.
Our stock of
)RtTGS, PATENT MEDICINES,
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, BLASS,
SEGARS, TOBACCOS, PIPES,
Brandies, Wines and Whiskeys
For Medicinal purposes,
Is full and all recently purchased, which
we will sell as LOW AS THE LOWEST,
-and upon reasonable terms.
at ail hours by our Dr. D. S. Pope, who can
be found at night in room over rear por
I wonder why
So rare a flower should choose to bloom and
By these old graves, where coldest shadows
I find it here,
When all the fields are white, and woods are
The earliest, sweetest, brightest every year.
It clusters round
Two ancient headstones and a sunken mound'
Its blushing face close pressed against the
The headstones tell
Of lovers here. He served his country well,
She died the same day he in battle fell.
And gossips say
They kept the secret of their love alway,
And dare not tell it till their dying day.
Has passed since then; and now a.stately
Springs from his grave, and moans unceas
And from below,
Out of her dust, these brightest blossoms
A type of the sweet maid of long ago.
Sure, it may be
When the arbutus blooms, this stately tree
Feels at its heart some far dim memory
Of old time pain;
Some joyful sense that love is near again;
And listens while he sings his sad refrain.
- And so each spring,
Thrilled with remembrance that his love
The arbutus breaks*her heart in blossoming.
MAKING LOVE IN THE DARK.
"Won't some one mark my lines
for me, please. My quilting looks
very much like Mrs. Partington's
turpentine walks," and Mary Nor
ris raised a pretty, laughing face
to the assembled company, which
consisted of the elite of Brown
ville, with some of the lower stra
ta. The little village boasted not
of its numbers as it did of the
pretty girls, and Mrs. Goodwin
was resolved to have her quilt fin
ished by fair means or by foul,.
and, being desperate, had scraped'
Brownsville for her quilting bee.
The usual gossip was at its height
when it was interrupted by the
appeal of Mary Norris to Mrs.
Goodwin, whose interest it was to
have every line,. perfect, and to
keep the social machine in run
ning order. So she bustled about
and soon got Mary to work again.
"1 wonder," said Annie Haskins,
"if Mary Frazier is coming to
"Goodness know a ! She is ter'
ribly fashionable and aristocratic,"
returned one of the lower set.
"Oh, she is coming," interrupted
the hostess ; "she promised me not
to fail; she is such a quiet, unde
monstrative little thing that she,
will accomplish a good deal even
if she does come late."
"She wouldn't be fashionable
and like city people if she came
as early as the rest," put in ano
ther of the lower strata. "For
my part, I wish she would stay
away entirely. We can live with
out such stuck up-"
The sentence remained unfinish
ed, for at that moment the lovely
face of Miss Frazier looked in upon
them with a pleasset smile. In
her quiet manner she had glidea
in at a side door, removed her hat
and gloves without disturbing the
ostess, and then surprised them.
Mrs. Goodwin greeted her warm
ly, and, as usual, with much fuss
and bustle, she was seated at the
quilt, where her slight, deft fin
gr,as Mrs. Goodwin had pre
dicted, soon began to trace line
after liae in her exquisite and neat
fashion and to outdo many who
had come earlier.
All the peoplo who could be
picked into .pieces were. and
Brownsville had to pass through
the social feminine mangle cus
tomary upon such occasions, and
yet, strange to say, survived. Af
ter tea the gathering of the rustic
swains began. A monig them came
handsome Dr. Collins and his old
bachelor friend, .Dr. Peters. Of
course the entire unmarried por
tion of the other sex were setting
their caps for the handsome young
physician and were doing all they
could to increase his vanity and
spoil him generally. U.pon the
present occasion he joined right
merrily into the country games,
romped with Mary Norris, and
p)aid more than one forfeit upon
her red pouting lips. Indeed, he
seemed to revel in sweets, for the
mos*of the girls, though making
a show of resentment when he
kissed them, evidently sought or
challenged such liberties-all but
quiet little Mary Frazier. She
stole into out-of-the-way corners,
and more than once slipped out of'
the bands of those who sought to
whispered again that she was too
aristocratic to mingle with the
common herd, though in truth,
from -having been reared in a city,
she was unprepared to permit
such liberties. Her extremely
delicate nature shrank from be
coming public property. Her lips
were reserved for him who should
win her love, and were not to be
desecrated. But that she had also
cast longing eyes upon the hand
some young physician was not to
be denied. Yet, even 'the most
careful observer had not been able
to detect the fact-a higher color
or sudden bounding of the heart'
at the sound of his voice, when he
addressed her in tones always de
ferential and polite, as if he was
just a little frozen or awed by her
Mirth reigned fast and furious
as the evening waned. Chairs
were overturned in the boisterous
game of blindman's buff, while
dresses and sashes suffered sadly.
The doctor, seeing Mary Norris
dash out of the front door, follow
ed her, resolving (upon the spur
of the moment) to seize the time
to disclose his love. Such an
event had been one of the things
of the future, if at all. Until now,
he had not given much thought to.
it, but her saucy black eyes, and
sweet, warm kisses, had completed
his enthralment. Out under .the
vine-covered porch of the Good
win cottage, where he could dis
tinctly trace the soft outlines of
his love in her fleecy white dress,
he followed, and gaining her side,
"Mary,I must leave now, I have
a patient to visit yet to-night, but
I cannot tear myself away with
out telling you how much I love
One little hand was clinging to
the trellis as he spoke, and dimly
tracing the coveted member, he
forcibly possessed himself of it,
while his other arm stole around
her slender waist. With an air of
timid surprise, all unlike the usual
spontaneous demonstrativeness of
Mary Norris, the young girl drop
ped her head and murmured:
"I-I--did not think-"
"You did not think I loved you!
Is that it, my sweet girl ? Well,
I do, most sincerely. But, Mary,
I am no adept at love-making and
I presume I am very brusque.
Yet, will you be my wife ?"
"Surely you cannot mean it.
You have never shown *me the
slightest preference," was 'whis
pered back as her head dropped
"Never shown the slightest pre
ference ! Is5 it possible that under
my careless and light exterior you
did not detect a more serious mean
ing ? But I am awaiting my an
swer," and he bent down to catch
the timid "Yes."
The night was moonless and
dark-so much so that the doctor
could not see, as he longed to do,
the blushing face of his Mary.
He kissed at random, and being
determined to leave the seal of be
trothal on her lips, kissed first her
ear and then her cheek, and aftor
meandering all about at last set
tled upon her sweet lips, which
were turned temptingly upward.
"God bless you !" he whispered.
"To-morrow evening I may come
and see you, I suppose,' and then
we can adjust our happy future ?"
Just then the shouts of some
lasses who had been chased out of
the back door and around the
graveled walks, by their rustic
admirers, startled the lovers. Dr.
Collins kissed his affianced again,
and dashed away before he was
discovered. Of course he "walked
upon air," and it is quite likeiy
his prescription for the invalid
was a little mixed. But after he
had gained the quiet of his own
room he lay awake for a long time
reflecting on the stupendous, step
he had taken. Somehow he half
regretted that he had been sc
hasty, as he communed with him
"I am afraid," he thought, "that
my mother and sisters will. think.
her a bit hoydenish. But it ca'n
not be denied that she i's beautiful
and shrewd, and if transplanted
into a more refined soil, will im
prove. How she seemed to melt
when she found I loved her, and
how changed were her manners.
I confess I expected her to accept
my wooing with her old-time,
alf-defiant and saucy flash. But,
lo! she became sweetly womanly,
tender and gentle. I could feel
her pliant form tremble and thrill
in my arms, and her timid 'yes'
was given almost with a sob. By
Jove! I had no idea the child loved
me so much, and I shall always
be good to the sweet girl. ~She
sall be the very apple of my
With this resolve, Doctor Col
lins floated into dreamland, to re
hearse over again the little love
passage in the rustic, porch of
Mrs. Goodwin, and' beneath the
twining morning glory vines. Thbe
following day passed for him with
leaden feet. He longed to see
Mary Norris in her new character
as his affanced bride. That she
would be gentle and sweet with
him, now that they were engaged,
he did not doubt, and he felt he
should like her better when a
trifle toned down. So the early
shadows of evening found him at
the door of the Norris mansion.
Mary was at the piano. He could
distinguish her voice in some pe
culiar strain. No doubt this was
only a ruse to cover ber natural
confusion. A servant showed him
in and he instantly discovered
that Mary was not alone. A mas
culine friend from a neighboring
village was devotedly leaning
over her and turning the music.
The closing of the door announced
him. Mary started up from the
instrument, and without 'the
slightest deepening of the rose
upon her cheks, and as simply
and natural as ever, came forward,
greeted him and introduced "her
friend, Mr. Cummings."
The hot blood surged into the
cheeks of the doctor, and he at
tempted to express his disappoint
ment and ardor with one eloquent
glance, but it fell entirely short of
its mark. No answering expres
sion came back to him. As if un
consclous of their new and dear
relation to each other, Mary Nor
ris ran on in merry jest and rail
ery, until he became thoroughly
out of humor, and espoused the
contrary side to every question,
and at an early hour took his de
parture. When in the ball, where
the girl accompanied him, he
turned upon her with words of
"How could you admit that fel.
low to-night when you .expected
"I beg your pardon, Dr. Collins,"
she replied, with her saucy black
eyes dancing. "You are very much
mistaken. I did not expect you
t(rnight, and !that fellow' is one
of my dearest friends."
"Mary, you are trifling with me.
Have you forgotten what trans
pired in the veranda only last
"What veranda ?"
"That of Mrs. Goodwin, to be
"You must be insane, doctor, or
are laboring under some halluci
nation. I was not in Mrs. Good
win's veranda with you for a sin
gle moment last night; and if you
made any engagements with any
young lady at that time and place,
it was-not with your humble ser
"Not with you !" he gasped,
paled to the lips. "Who the deuce
was it, then, I should like to
"I can't say. You should not
he so careless, doctor. No doubt
some fair Brownsville girl is this
mo*ment looking her eyes out
while you are wasting time with
me. But I must go back or
Charley will be jealous. Yet stay.
I have one trifling bit of confi
dence for you. We are engaged."
"Certainly. Don't I know it,"
he exclaimed, seizing her hand,
with a radiant face.
"Knew it, and had the audacity
to call my Charley 'a fellow !' and
to be angry becauso I did not de
ny myself to him on account of
your stupidity in thinking that
under Mre. Goodwin's porch you
had informed me of your intended
visit. Oh ! goodness, whbat a co
quette you must believe me to
Hi8 hands fell away from hers
suddenly, and his voice was husky
as he answered :
"I congratulate you. Good
Out in the silent 'and dull vil
lage street he ground his teeth,
and used some very intricate and
harsh words against himself; the
worst of which perhaps was that
he might be considered "an ass."
He wont directly td'his office, and
Dr. Peters noticed the change in
his manner, and kindly inquired
what was the .matter.
"Any bad news, my boy ?" he
asked, jocosely. "You look as
though you had been having a
case of double conniptions, and
did not know what to do with
"I am an unmitigated fool, that's
all. I've.gone and engaged my
"To be married ? Not that,
"Yes, just that, old fellow," and
he sank into the chair with a
most disgusted air.
Dr. Peters looked at him for a
moment, and then burst into an
uncontrollable fit of laught'er.
"Why, the deuce take it," he
said, as soon as he could get his
breath, "one would think you
were doomed to be hung. I give
you my word that if I had gone
as far as you say you bave I
shou%try and look more cheer
"Good heavens, how can I ?
Listen for a few moments. As I
said before, I am engaged to be
married, but I swear to you I
don't know to whom !"
T1he old physician sat up, his
face suddenly elongated and ho
stnad nt his nprner in pills With
open eyed astonishment. Present
ly he said, as to himself:
"The boy is mad as a March
"No I am not-wish to thunder
1 was." He related minutely
everything that had occurred un
der the porch and screening vines
at Mrs. Goodwin's, and continued:
"Whoever I mistook for Mary
Norris evidently believes in and
loves me. She solemnly yielded
herself to my caresses as my be
trothed wife, thinking that I wor
shipped her and her only." Dr.
Collins groaned and ran his fin
gers through his hair until each
particular fibre stood on end. His
partner vainly attempted to con
trol his risibles. One glance at
the disconsolate visage of his
friend was too much, and (to use
an Hibernianism) he let off a roar
that shook the very foundations
of Brownsville, and it was a good
half hour before he could suffici
ently control himself to.give his
friend the comfort and advice he
"No doubt," was the reply, "it
is a laughable matter, and its ri
diculous side exceedingly funny.
And now, as a gentleman and a
man of honor, what am I to do ?"
Dr. Peters wiped his eyes, set
tled himself to considering for a
time before replying, and then
"If I were in your place, I
should first find out to whom I
was engaged, and if she proved
agreeable or desirable I should
marry her, unless my heart was
firmly set on Mary Norris."
"Fortunately that spell is bro
ken. I see that 1 was merely in
fatuated. Besides, I find that she
is already engagod. But that
does not matter now. Suppose I
find the young lady the very re
verse of my expectations and
hopes, what shall I do then ?"
"Make yourself so devilish disa
greeable and exacting that you
drive her to the extremity of jilt
"That advice is very sound, no
doubt, but how in the name of
comnion sense am I to find the
"You would make a poor detec
tive. Evidently her name is Mary.
If I understard you correctly,
you called her that alone, with a
few pet epithets thrown in."
I had no doubt of that."
"Well, think over all the girls
in Brownsville by the name of
Mary, and the one most likely to
be she. Then visit her at once.
There is Mary Carter."
"It wasn't she;" interrupted
Doctor Collins, with a gesture of
"flow do you know ? Re mem
ber, you were in the dark !"
"Don't you think I should know
if I was hugging a saw-log ?
Didn't I tell you her form was
slight and delicately moulded ?"
"Oh. if you had ocular demon
stration of the fact, I yield. Might
it not have been Mary Lewis ?"
"No. She is too tall."
"Then clearly, it is as I had
suspected-Mary Frazier-and I
congratulate you, my dear boy,
for having so stumbled upon a
happy fatei in the dark. She is,
without doubt, the dearest little
woman in the world, and a per
fect lady withal." The handsome
face of the young physician
cleared, and he reddened visibly
as be answered :
"I had not thought of her other
than to admire her gentle and
sweet manner, and radiant, intel
lectual face. Somehow she is al
ways so reticent and retiring that
I have found it rather hard to get
on with her."
"If you had been better read in
the ways of women, this alone
would have convinced you that
she was more interested in you
than she was willing to acknow
ledge, even to herself."
"A thousand thanks, Doc. I
confess that you have helped me
wonderfully, and if it is indeed
the lovely Mary Frazier to whom
I am affianced, and by whom I
believe myself greatly beloved, I
will try not to be wholly misera
The next evening, according to
the advice he had received, Doc
tor Collins called upon Mary Fra
zier. As she arose to greet him,
a sudden uplifting of a pair of sot
brown eyes, and up-surging of the
tell-tale blood convinced him that
he was on the right track.
"Of course," he said, taking her
hand, and looking down into her
timid and blushing face, "you ex
pcted me last night ?"
"Certainly ; and I presume I
ught to give you a lecture for
not coming," she replied, smiling
swetly through the roses..
"I most surely deserve it. But
you are aware one is never certain
of a physician. His time is not
always at his own command, and
you must be.confident that press
ing engagements kept me from
this dearer one." He blushed as
he said the words, though he found
it no hard task to again seek the
lips of the lovely girl. Dr. Peters,
Mary Norris and 'her Charley'
danced, not many months after
ward, at the wedding of Mary
Frazier and Doctor Collins, and
he could not help drawing com
parisons between the two, and
most favorablo to his own sweet,
gentle wife. And as the years go
by be never ceases to thank fate
for the rare gift bestowed upon
him in the dark.
APPLICATION OF COMMER
AN ESSAY READ BEFORE THE SUMMER
MEETING OF THE STATE GRANGE AT
ANDERSON, S. C., ON THE STE OF
AUGUST, 1877, BY COL. THOMAS
TAYLOR, PRESIDENT OF THE
STATE AGRICULTURAL AND
Since the early settlement of this
continent, the products of the soil
have been the basis upon which
our prosperity rests. We are in
agricultural people and require!
peace and quiet for the pursuit of
agriculture. Originally, the natu
ral fertility of the soil was very
great ; the timber was cut down
and destroyed to enable the farmer
to grow those products which fed
and clothed the people of this coun
try and a large portion of the peo
ple of the world.. The system pur
sued by the farmers was to cut
down the timber and plant the
same crop yearly without any rest
to the land, until it became almost
unproductive ; then they turned
their attention to clearing more
land, and the same ruinous system
was pursued until the whole coun
try was* cleared and exhausted in
what are knovn as the old settled
States of this continent. So soon
as this system of cultivation had
exhausted the most productive land
in South Carolina, our people began
movipg to new States which were
represented as more fertile, when
the same system of planting and
cultivation was pursued, until they,
too, became exhausted to a great
degree. It is apparent to us all
that the result must be the same so
long as this system of agriculture
Peace and quiet reigned over the
land for almost a century; then
came about a sectional trouble,
which upset our State government
and changed our system of labor.
t then became necessary to resort
to a different plan and mode of
preparation to make the products
upon the exhausted lands pay the
producer. How was this condition
of things to-be relieved ? That
was the question to the farmers.
He felt very little disposed to make
an elort with almost a certainty of
failure. Still, something must be
done to enable him to support and
educate his children. It was im
possible to make enough manure
on his farm to supply the exhausted
land what the plant required, and
e felt disheartened at the pros
The improvement in agricultural
implements had been very great,
and he naturally~turned his atten
ion to supplying this defect in a
measure by ploughing and better
ulture. In some instances this
proved successful; in most cases it
was ruinous to the land, burying
what little soil was left in the land
to such a depth that the plant
ould not reach it to make use of
it, for observation proves that the
plant does not penetrate beyond a
ertain depth to find and take up
its nourishment ; thus the land be
ame less productive than before.
A few years ago the whole coun
ry went wild upon results of ex
priments by Mr. Dixon, of Geor
gia, and without calculating the
effect of deep ploughing upon the
different grades of soil that exists
in each State, many planters adopt
gil the plan laid down by Mr. Dixon
for all soils ; they made many fail
res; denounced improved imple
ments and deep ploughing, and
went back to the old shovel plough
without knowing why they had
A friend of mine had a plantation
on which he thought Dixon's plough
ing and culture would produce sim
ilar results. He read Mr. Dixon's
articles with great care and atten
tion ; he bought the mules and
ploughs, and he ploughed and sub
soiled until he could almost see the
glitter of gold with each furrow the
plough turned. He had his land
ploughed and harrowed, and ready
for the seed before his neighbor
commenced work. About this time
his neighbor, who had, the same
kind of soil, thrashed down his cot
ton and corn stalks, and with the
old short shovel plough reversed
the old beds, and planted his crop.
My friend, whose place looked like
a garden, could not but feel a pity
for the failure that was ahead for
his neighbor. Both crops were
planted, and both came up. My
friend's heart went out in sympathy
over the feeble effort made by his
neighbor. But 10o! the neighbor's
crop soon passed his in size, and
continued to do so up to harvesting.
The result of harvest was still
greater than between the growth
and fruiting ; and he, disgusted
with improved implements, went
back to the old shovel plough, and
pronounced Dixon a humbug. Here
is a case where all the bearings
were not taken into consideration.
My friend attempted to accomplish
in one year what Mr. Dixon had
taken probably five years to do,
turning the land shallow at first,
and increasing the depth gradually,
by which means he preserved what
there was of soil left upon the land
for the use of the plant.
The success of the farmer has
been the result of experiment, and
not of knowledge ; and so long as
we work in the dark no specified
result can be certain. It is self evi
dent that all land must be ploughed,
but how it should be ploughed de
pends upon the character of the
soil. Sandy soil should be plough
ed' shallow first ; it may be sub
soiled to any depth, and the plough
ing may be deepened each year
without injury to land or crop.
Clay and bottom land can be
ploughed deeper, following -with
the subsoil, and increasing the
depth in ploughing yearly. All
land should be ploughed in the fall
and winter, and get the benefit of
frost and ice ; Jand gets a great deal
of fructifying power from ice and
frost. We now have exhausted
land and improved implements
which enable us to prepare the land
thoroughly for the seed. We need
something more. We get that in
the commercial manures, which sup
ply to the plant those chemical pro
perties which have been exhausted
by long culture and injudicious
We now have land and imple
ments, but we need something to
make the land productive to a suffi
cient degree to pay the producer.
We find underlying some of the
land and waters in the lower part
of the State a phosphatic deposit,
which, upon being ground and ren
diered soluble, forms the basis of a
manure, which supplies to lands
those properties which have been
exhausted. These mixtures, known
as commercial manures, have be
come generally used,. and have
even, with our experimental appli
cations, paid the producer in some
instances. This vast source of
wealth to the State and farmer
seems to be providential, and is
the means by which we will be en
abled to recover our losses in a
great measure. If the farmers had
known how to make proper use of
this discovery, their lands would
ave improved yearly, instead of
failing, after repeated applications
f fertilizers. It is almost the uni
ersal system of the farmer to ap
ply the cotton seed, with its in.
rease by the use of commercial
manure, to some other exhausted
and, instead of rdturning the same
o the land that made it. Thereby
hey render the land less product
ve each year, after the first or sec
>nd applicatien. This system will
ot build -up our exhausted lands,
ut have the reverse effect. The
otation of crops in.some degree
emoves the difficulty, but even
hat will not effect it entirely. You
ust return all the inceased pro
uction of an acre of land, which is
sed as manure, to the same land,
mnd not attempt to build up two
ieces of land with the production
if one. No land can stand such
repletion and pay the producer.
he best evidence of the fertility of
ur lands is that - they have been
ble to stand such a system of cul
ure and produce anything. I have
raveled over some of the best
farming lands in the Northwest,
he New England and Middle
States. The same system would
mnd did, for a time, render these
ands very poor. The owners, how
ver, saw the error of their culture,
mnd adopted a system of rotation
lanting a piece of land once in
hree years,-sowing grass and lime
ng. What was the result ? Their
ands increased in yield steadily
mtil they surpassed their virgin
tate. The same thing can be done
1ere, with equal success, by a rota
ion of crops-sowing peas and
~lover and turning in the same.
Do not take these from the land
ecause they look so fine and you
re short of rough food for your
nules and cattle. The natural fer
ility of our lands cannot be dis
pted. No Stat~e has more natural
~dvantages than South Carolina.
We can grow all the crops that are
rown on the continent, from the
live and banana down to the most
substantial needs of a people.
Where can we find such an Eden ?
et, with these natural advantages,
we are poor. Gentlemen, the rem
dy is within our reach. First, we
ust settle in our minds that we
will stay where we are. There is
20o better place' to move to, and
hen we must work in the consti
ution of the land. The land holds
he power to prepare the food for
he plant, but you have to put the
naterial into it, just as you supply
he stomach with food, which is
hen churned up and distributed
o make blood, bone and muscle.
How is the fertilizer to be used
wth the lnaet reult to the far
ADVERTISINGi RATES. ;
Advertisements inserted at the rate of
$1.00 per square (one inch) for first insertion,
and 75 cents for each subsequent insertion.
Double column advertisements ten per cent.
Notices of meetings, obituaries and tributes
of respect, same rates per square as ordinaiy
Special Notices in Local column 15 cents
Advertisements not marked with the num
ber of ins'rtin~rs will be kecpt in till forbid,
and charged accordingly.
Special contracts u de wlthb-large adver
tisers, with liberal deductions on above rates.
DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCII.
mer ? Is it by applying large quan
tities to the acre? I emphatically
say no. You require only what the
land will utilize for the plant to
consume ; and all over that supply
is wasted for that year, andi I think
is lost to the farmer. How will
you ascertain the quantity the land
will enable the plant to use? tUp
to this time that has been experi
mental and calculated by the result
obtained. In some instances it has
been remunerative ; in others the
reverse.. I assert, without fear of
contradiction, that fertilizers can
not be used successfully without
ascertaining-first, what the land
has been exhausted of ; second,
what quantity of fertilizer the land
will enable the plant to consume.
This can be obtained only by an
alysis. This would be expensive
to the farmers singly, but not so as
a whole. There is one fact to be
kept in mind. The constitutional
tone of the land must be partially
restored before you can reap large
results from the use of fertilizers.
Land that will produce 600 pounds
of seed cotton without the aid -.of
fertilizers will certainly produce
from one-third to one-half more by
their use. It may double the yield.
That, however, would be too large
an estimate as a general rule. I