Newspaper Page Text
[Correspondence News and Courier
Story of a Photograph.
A Serious Joke on John T. Patterson
COLUMBIA, September 1.-The
readers of the News and Courier
were informed, a few days ago. that
Judge T. J. Mackey had been called
before the investigating committee,
but they were not informed that it
was in connection with the history of
a photograph in the distinguished
witness' possession, which photograph
and which history the committee were
desirous of obtaining. The finding of
one of the true bills recently submitted
to the grand jury has made the whole
matter public, and your correspondent
is now enabled to give a full account
of some very interesting particulars in
relation to the origin, history, and im
portance of the Judge's treasure. It
was, in effect, a correct and speaking
likeness of the moral features of the
dear departed Honest J. Patterson .
How it came into the possession of
Judge Mackey is thus explained:
On a certain occasion, at night,
about the 4th of March, 1872, Judge
Mackey chanced to be in a private
room in Patterson's house in Colum
bia, at the same time that Patterson,
Kimpton, Whittemore, Parker and
Hardy Solomon were holding a socia
ble tea party in a room adjoining.
The "party" lasted a long time, and
was finally broken up by the departure
of Parker and Kimpton, who went
away together. Patterson then joined
Judge Mackey, and, handing him a
package securely sealed, asked him to
take charge of it and deliver it in per
son to Kimpton at the latter's house
or hotel. Mackey received the pack
age and promised to deliver it as re
quested. On his way to Kimpton's
room, however, Judge. Mackey reflect
ed that the suspicious package might
contain papers of importance, and de
cided that it would be well for him to
acquaint himself with its contents
With this intention in view, he called
on Governor Scott as soon as possible
next morning, and informing the Gov
ernor of his suspicions and intentions,
consulted with him as to the propriety
of examining the papers. Scott agreed
with the Judge that it would be euii
nently proper to do so, and the twc
proceeded accordingly to investigate
the contents of the envelope, which
they found, as one of them subse
quently expressed it, to contain "al]
Fully satisfied now as to its import
ance they determnined to obtain a copy,
and fearing that something might oc
cur to render such copy useless, unless
it were -a fac simile of the original,
they decided to have it photographed.
Judge Mackey called at once on Mr.
Hix, the well known photographer 1k
this city, and requested tha~t he would
make two photographic copies of the
document, stipulating at the same timc
that Mr. Hix should not read it, anc
that he should destroy the negative it
his (Mackey's) presence as soon as th.
proofs were obtained. Mr. Hix com
plied with these conditions, and in a
short time, having presented Mackey
with two impressions, destroyed the
neg-ative before his eyes. One of the
photographs Judge Mackey retained,
the other he deposited with Governor
Scott. and in the course of the day the
original was delivered, securely reseal
ed, to the unsuspecting Kimpton, who
in turn delivered it to iParker in the
presence of Judge Mackey. Nothing
was said of the two copies at the time,
and the fact of their existence long
remained a secret, known only to
Mackey, Scott and a few others whom
they took into their confidence. Some
reference has been made to them,
however, of~late years, and a few days
a go Judge Mackey was called before
the Investigating Comnmittee, to. whom
he deliveredl the tell-tale proof in his
possession. A copy was made and at
tached to the bill of indictment lately
found against Patterson, and from this
again I have made the following exact
"VICE PRESIDENT's OFFICE,
GREEN. AND COLUMBIA R. R. Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 4, 1872.
lion. Niles G. Parker, State Treas
urer South Carolina:
"Please deliver to HI. HI. Kimnpton
'revenue bond scrip' due- the Blue
Ridge Railroad Company, according
to act nassed March 2d, 1872, amount
ing to o>ne hundred and fourteen thous
and two hundred and fifty dollars at
par, upon the following conditions:
"That forty-two thousand eight hun
dred and fifty seven dollars of said
scrip at par value is to be used for
paying the expenses of passing through
the House of Representatives bills
styled, a bill relating to the bonds of
the State of South Carolina, and bill
to authorize the financial board to
settle the accounts of the financial
agent. Now, if these above named
bills are passed and become laws, this
order for forty-two thousand eight
hundred and fifty sevyen dollars in
script at par is to be paid said Kinp
ton, anid if not passed, then this order
for that amount to be void, and the
script is not to be delivered. Also,
that seventy-one thousand four hun
dred and fourteen dollars of scrip at
par you shall deliver to said Kimnpton,
if said bills shall become laws, and
providsd that he shall pay the sum of
fifty thousand dollars (the proceeds,of
said script at seventy cents on the
dollar) in paying the expenses in
curred in passing through the Senate
the bill known as a bill to relieve. the
State of all liability on account of
guaranty of Blue Ridge Railroad
bonds, &e., passed March 2, 1872,
which said expenses said Kimnpton
has contr-acted to pay, and if said
Kinmpton fails or refuses to pay said
amount in defraying said cxpenses
(when required by me,) then this or
der to be void. If said conditions
are corunlied with, and the amount of
Pres't Blue Ridge Railroad Company
in South Carolina.
Witness : R. B. ELLIOTT."
The authenticity of this precious
and carefully drawn contract is beyond
cavil, as it is attested by the two pho
to-graphic copies, by the evidence of
Judge Mackey and Governor Scott,
who saw the original, and by the tes
timony of Elliott, whose signature as
witness is attached. Elliott was be
fore the grand jury on Thursday at
the same time the indictment was be
ing considered by them, and as a
"true bill" was found, the inference
is irresistible that he testified in per
son to the genuineness of his signa
ture and of the paper itself.
The next link in the chain is sup
plied by the indictment of Patterson,
Parker and Kimpton for conspiracy,
concerning which it is sufficient to
repeat here that the evidence of
Prince Rivers, S. J. Lee and J. B.
Dennis has been given as to the man
ner in which the money was misap
The H erald.
THOS. F. GRENEKER, EDITORS.
W. H. WALLACE,
NEWBERRY, S. C. -
WEDNESDAY, SEP. 12, 1877.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE. .
The Herald is in thehighest respect aFam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the material in
terests of the people of this County and the
State. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertising meium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
The Western Union Telegraph
Company has reduced its rates from
forty cents per ten words to twen
To the Mountains!
During the long, hot months of
July and August the Junior found it
impossible to get away from Newberry,
even for a few days. So when the
Senior returned from his extensive
tour of the springs and the moun
tains we concluded that we must go
somewhere. We needed rest and
recreation, and felt that these would
be doubly pleasant from having been
so long delayed. Monday afternoon,
then, we packed our wardrobe, took
the train at the depot and started to
ward the mountains with a joy that
was unspeakable. Nothing occurred
to mar the pleasure of the journey till
we reached Helena, when tihe astound
ing fact broke upon us that our entire
funds were exhausted. Sadly and
lowlv we wended our way back to
the sanctum, and deferred our trip to
a more convenient season.
Re~v. T. Sumter Daniels, of the
Methodist Church, died in Abbeville
County, the 27th uit.
The body of Y. J. P. Owens, the
defunct Senator from Laurens, arrived
in Columbia on Sunday morning, and
lay in state till Monday, when it was
taken to Laurens for interment.
Rev. W. M. Grier, D.D., President
of Erskine College, Due West, collect
ed during his recent trip through
Laurens and Newberry, $3,000 toward
the $100,000 Endowment undertaken
by the Synod.
AraEN, Sep. 3.-Hlenry Sparnick,
ex-Probate Judge of Aiken, has been
tried on the charge of appropriatin)g
to his own use 62,700 of the Mailey
estate, and the jury to-day returned a
verdict of guilty. Sparnick is a Re
WINNsBoRO', Sep. 4.-At a special
election held ini this (Fairfield) Coun
ty to-day for Clerk of Court and three
County Comnmissioners, the Democrats
won by a majority of 1,200. Fir-st
Denocratie victory since "Reconstruc
The State has made the following
agreement with Joe Woodruff and A.
O. Jones, late Clerks of the Senate and
House respectively : Each surrenders
twenty-eight thousand dollars of bo
nanza warrants and all claims against
the State for printing, &c. Joncs also
surrenders his Beaufort property, val
ued at twelve thousand dollars, and'
Woodruff surrenders the Republican
Printing Company's building and fix
tures in Columbia, valued at about
seven thousand dollars, and also claims
against the Bank of the State for one
hundred and thirty thousand dollars.
Both Jones and Woodruff saved their
respective residences in Charleston as
settled upon the wife in 'Woodruff's
case, and tile childr-en in that of Jones.
LATsT WAa NEws.-The Rus
sians with slight loss took the village
o Uschitza and the heights south of
Plena on Saturday night. 20,000
Turks marching to Osman Pasha's
assistance have been intercepted below
Miuski. The whole Russian Rust
Fifty.three pall-bearers took part in
the funeral of Admiral Semimes.
The City Council of Auunsta have
invited Hayes to visit their city.
A fire broke out in New York Sept.
3d, destroying $000,000 worth of
property. Many lives were lost.
Brigham Young's death is said to
have been caused by eating eighteen
ears of green corn. If he had given
each of his wives an ear, how much
better for him.
Frank Leslie, the great publisher,
has been compelled to make n assign
ment. Liabilities $320,000. Cause
too extended investments in real es
tate. His papers will still be publish
Mr. Justice Bradley attempts to
defend himself in a letter against the
charge of being under outside pres
sure in making his eight to seven de
cision on the Electoral Commission.
Its a failure.
Louis Adolphe Thiers, the most
eminent statesman and man of letters
in France, died Sept. 3d, in his cight
MI. Thiers was a strong opponent of
the Franco-Prussian war in 1870,
knowing that France was not prepared
for it. In 1871, at the close of the
war, he was chosen President of the
French Republic. This office he re
signed the iext year, and was suc
ceeded by McMahon, the present in
FOR THE HERALD.
Our Washington Letter.
WASuINGToN, D. C.,
Sept. 5, 1877.
Rumor assigns to Judge Hunt, of
Louisiana, or ex-Secretary Bristow, of
Kentucky, the vacant place on the
Supreme Court Bench, and this ap
pointment, it is thought, will be wade
this mouth. There is something to
be said in favor of the latter gentle
mau for almost any position, but few
believe he has all the necessary qual
ifications for the highly honorable and
responsible position spoken of. - If
appointed it will not be because he is
the equal in knowledge of the law of
half a hundred other men. He was
never a Judge. He never had very
high standi::g at the bar. He was
not signally efficient in his subordi
nate office in the Department of Jus
tice. The most noted case he ever
managed, outside of his office position,
was the mule case, and, while it seems
certain he was not guilty of all he
was charged with in that case, we all
know he took a large fee for securing
from the Government mom;ey which,
if he had been a Government officer,
he would.not have allowed to be paid
-a fee, too, that nothing but. the fact
that he had been a Government of
feer, and was therefore intimately ac
quain ted with Governmnat ofiiers,
eabled him to demand and secure.
There may be nothing very wrong in
this, though it is all true, but more
competent men than Bristow can be
found, against whom no suspicion
rests. The Supreme Bench has not
been surpassingly honored in some of
its later appointments. Let not Mr.
Hayes further insult it by leaving a
suspicion on the public mind that his
own situation is such that he dares
not appoint the best man he can find.
Secretary Sherman, by a stroke of
his pen, has stopped the payment of
bounties to soldiers and their heirs.
There are seven or eight laws under
which these bounties have been paid,
and the Fourteenth Amendment to
the Constitution denies even to Con
gress the power now exercised by
Sherman, of interfering with payments
under them. It is by this clearly
illegal and unconstitutional act, of the
Secretary, and by others equally arbi
trary, illegal and unjust, that he is
enabled to report a fiattering, but fic
ticious, reduction of the "public debt"
from month to mouth. Every dollar
of these bounties and other legal but
umeported debts of the Government
must be paid, but to pay them the
law says they shall be paid-which is
when they are presented-the Secre
tary could not show monthly a reduc
tion of what he delusively calls the
"public debt," but which iin fact is
only that portion of the public debt
which has been definitely ascertained
by issuing bonds and greenbacks. In
the single small matter of bounties
the Secretary withholds from creditors
of the Government every day some
$10,000, which amount, if he obeyed
the law, would be distributed in small
sums to poor people all over the coun
try. In other classes of debts the
aount is vastly greater.
Mr. Hayes and members of his
Cabinet go to Ohio this week. They
leave here on the 6th, and anticipate
a grand reception throughout the
State. The voters of Ohio, who will
soon pass upon the merits of the Ad
ministration, will doubtless express an
opinion upon the propriety of these
electioneering trips, which, without all
the unpleasant accompaniments of An
dy Johnson's noted swinging around
the circle, have an unhappy resem
blance to it in many respects. The
anxiety of. Mr. Hayes as to the vote
of Ohio is said to be intense.
All the Washington correspondents
who try to tell the truth and to expose
shams, owe an apology to Assistant
Secretary McCormick, of the Treasury
Department. They have been laugh
ie at his silly desire for newspaper
notoriety, and denying that he meant
to resign as he often said he did. But
they were mistaken. He will resign
-if lie can get a first-class Foreign
Mission, or if lie can be made Secre
tary of the Interior, Schurz taking the
Foreign Mission. This story conies,
it is needless to say, from Assistant
Secretary McCormick, of the Treasury
What a state of things they have
found in South Carolina!l United
Ste Senars, Govrnors, other State
robber.. If these astonishing expo
sures do not teach with a vigor never
to be forgotten the Democratic doc
trine of "hone rule," it is hardly to
be expected that we can ever learn it.
FOR THE hERALD.
Broadbrima's New York Letter.
New York Beggars-Old-Time Memories-A
Night Among the Bucket-ShoPs-Crime
and Misery-The Platt-Deutsche Fest
-A Comic Procession-Homicide
--The Markets, etc.
The American who has reached the
age of fifty years can easily recollect
the time when such a thing as a beg
gar was almost unknown in the United
States,-throughout the New England
States in particular, you might travel
from Danbury in Connecticut to Ban
gor in Maine and never find a beggar.
I do not mean to assert that there
was no poverty or wretchedness in
those uays, but the organized charity
of the time was equal to the relief of
our suffering poor, for poverty had
not then attained the colossal propor
tions that it has at the present time.
An American beggar was almost un
known ; our people had been schooled
to believe that there was something
degrading and humiliating in eleemosy
nary aid, and they instinctively shrank
from it as from a pestilence. There
was a hardy independence in the cha
racter of our laboring poor which sel
dom appealed for charity. aid if for
tunes were not as colossal then as
now, extreme poverty was almost un
known,.and such a thing as a person
perishing of starvation never entered
into our wildest dreams. A great and
terrible change has taken place among
us ; poverty, gaunt and rampant,
meets you at every corner ; beggary,
bold and defiant, assaults every house;
and misery, squalid in wretchedness
and rags, fiercely battles for charity's
wretched dole, and fights with starv
ing dogs for the bones and offal cast
out in the garbage on the street. It
is no longer the foreigner only whose
tattered misery appeals to you ; not
only the halt and the maimed, the
unfortunate and the blind, but lusty
American-manhood, sinewy and strong,
knocks at your door and demands like
a highwayman the food that will keep
him from present starvation. No
such summer as this was ever known
before. In the winter-time our or
ganized charities and soup-houses
have endeavored to stem the tide of
poverty which congregates here from
the rural districts. and finds shelter in
the abodes of wretchedness and cri≠
but never before in summer have we
been called upon to make provision
for such an army as that whose rag
ged battalions are now invading us,
and which threater's to engulf and
swallow up all ordinary me'asures of
More pitiful and alarming than the
adult poverty and crime are the
swarms of starving children on our
streets. God alone knows the suffer
ing and torture they endure in addi
tion to the curse of poverty. On Sat
urday night last; a miserable child
named Anna Cusick, only seven years
of age, was beaten almost to death
because she had not sold papers enough
to furnish her degraded parents with
rum. When she was brought into
court her little body was covered with
welts from her poor little naked feet
to the nape of her neck; her hair was
matted and unkempt; starvation was
gleaming from her eyes, and as they
stripped off her little ragged waist to
examine the extent of her injuries
great tears rolled down the hard faces
of the court officers and the judge,
who could find vothing in the record
of Cossack or B3ashi-Bazouk to equal
this terrible story. What is to become
of them ? Can nothing be done to
save them ? It is heart-rending to
see the swarms of young boys, hard
faced and old, who chew tobacco and
smoke, anid swear with the ease of a
full-fledged pirate; but hard as this is
it is comparatively nothing to the
multitudes of little girls who are rush
ing down inito the vortex of sini and
crime, who are pcrhaps to be the mo
thers of a race viler if possible and
more degraded than themselves. The
other night I took a stroll down among
the bucket-shops, where besotted de
gradation takes its last leap, and sinks
into the nethermost hell of infamy.
Do you know what a bucket-shop is ?
If you do not I will tell you. It is a
species of rum-hole invented by the
devil,-the perfection of all that is
wicked, infamous and diabolical. It
is generally situated in the lowest and
vilest neighborhood. Its doors are
roomy and large, and sometimes ocea
py almost the whole front of the build
ing. There is no attempt at conceal
ment in the bucket-shops, no sign
labeled "family entrance" around the
corner; barrels, casks, puncheons and
kegs line the walls on every side;
here topers foul with .disease, and
drunkards rotten in rags come with
their tin pails anid buckets to purchase
the madding dr-ink that drives them
into insanity and murder. In all the
noisome and degraded throng that
crowd these avenues of hell, there is
iot a single honest or innocent face.
Even the little children whose misera
ble rags flutter in the wind, have faces
hard and br-onzed in crime, and pro
fanity shoeking and heart-rending is
the only medium of communication.
The proprietor is generally a graduate
of the penitentiary or State prison,1
red facd and bloated; his hair crop
ped short on his round bullet-head
gives him the appearance of a man
always ready for a fight ; his clothes
are of the best, and he generally wears
a heavy gold ring on his finger and a
large and massive gold chain in his
vest ; he speaks in a tone of authority 1
which ever silences dispute; he has ]
Ii-tln ,-p~npOt. foi- the nolice. and less 1
keeper of one of these bucket-hells!
and the miserable wretches who sup
port them ; the one is clad in purple
and fine linen, and the other lives in
squalid wretchedness and rags. He
looks down with supreme contempt on
their misery, and they look up to him I
as if he were a superior being. The
scenes in one of these places along in
the late hours of the night exceed any
description that has ever been given
of them, and even by people living
here in New York would be looked on
as a caricature. If you want to see
the bucket-shop in all its infamy and
degradation, you should go there be
tween eleven and twelve o'clock of a
rainy night; then its wretched sup
porters are driven from the streets and
the parks, and find a few hours' shel
ter at least from the peltings of the
pitiless storm ; men brutalized to the
lowest stage to which God allows hu
manity to fall, drink themselves into
insanity. Women unsexed and de
graded past human recognition are
their companions, and children whose
little lips have never breathed a
prayer, and who have never heard of
the gospel of Christ, sing and swear
and drink, or divide the proceeds of
their stealings and plan new robberies
for the succeeding day. This is not
a solitary picture; I can show you
hundreds of these places in different
parts of the city, and while you have
to pay five cents a head to get into
the temperance revival at the Cooper
Institute, the voice of the temperance
reformer and the gospel teacher is
seldom heard near these infamous
dens, and the work of destruction
The past week has been notable for
camp-meetings and German festivals;
as far as attendance is concerned, the
festivals appear to have the best of it.
The Platt-Deutsche Fest has been the
event of the week, not far from fifty
thousand people taking part in the
jubilee. On Tuesday the golden wed
ding took place, illustrating the cus
toms and costumes of hundreds of
years ago. To describe the procession
would be simply impossible, and some
of the characters excited the most
convulsive laughter. Judge Hilton,
mounted on a gigantic wooden horse,
was a notable feature, and excited the
especial admiration of the Jews. Hen
ry Ward Beecher, dispensing bread
and water, was followed by immense
crowds who refused, however, to par
take of his cheer ; and, while on this
subject, I wish to say, on behalf of
journalistic truth, that Mr. Beecher
never, at any time, or under any cir
umstances, uttered the slander imu
puted to him. The thing was cut
from whole cloth by an infamous libel
er in this city from whose attacks no
character is sacred. With Mr. Beech
er's difference with Theodore Tilton I
have nothing to do. I know not
whether he is guilty or innocent; but
in this case I know he never uttered
the words imputed to him. It is a
miserable slander from first to last,
and the honest journalists c& the
United States, who love an' ke
pride in their profession, cannot af
ford to gratify their personal dislike
to the Brooklyn preacher at the ex
pense of honor and of truth.
To the honor of our Gerra.an fellow
citizens, be it recorded that among
the fifty or sixty thousand people who
attended the Vdlks Fest, there was
hardly a case of drunkenness or dis
orderly conduct ; all was fun, enjoy
ment and hilarity ; everybody seemed
pleased with himself and everybody
else. Busch, who keeps a hotel in
Hoboken, was regarded with especial
admiration, being looked upon as a
representative man. He stands con
siderably over six feet, and tips the
scale at a trifle over four hundred,
having graduated with the highest
honors at the fat men's club. The
consumption of sauer kraut, pretzels,
Liburger kase mit lager, was fabu
lous. One big Dutc-hman, in auisw-er
to my inquiry about Limburger cheese
told me dot id vos fust-rade, unt lie
knowed it vos reg'lar umported for
you could schmiell him a mile.
The resumption of specie paymnent
is no longer a difficult problem. Gold
touched three and five-eighths this
week,-the lowest point it has seen
in sixteen ycars.
Two mecn have slain their brothers
within the past few days, and three
servant-girls have been arrested for
infanticide. The daughter of a Bos
ton millionaire died in Bellevue Hos
pital on Tuesday, she having been
carried there from one of the infamous
dens on Greene street.
One of those smart women who is
continually getting herself and every
body else into trouble went out bath-.
ing at Long Branch, and against the
appeals and protests of' her friends,
who begged her to desist, she went
out into deep water. She was caught
in the undertow and swept out to sea.
A gentleman rushed in to rescue her,
and as soon as he got near her she
seized him and pulled him down.
The struggle went on before hundreds
of people, and, sad to relate, they
were both drowned. For a few days
the weather was frightful. Every
body that could get away went off.
If it continues, I shall apply for relief
to the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. Bergh said in
my presence that he never saw a calf
oing through the streets that he did
not feel for it. Perhaps my case may
excite his pity-who knows? Ouri
theaters are in full blast, "Pink Dow- t
inoes'' having possession of the Union
Square and the "Dark City" is the
itle of a play at the Fifth Avenue,
vbich is said to abound in thrillhng
oterest. If half what is said of its I
n erits be true, Mr. Daly may be ex
>ected to revive his former triumphs,
ud line his coffers with gogPro
aice is comning in with a rush. Thou
ands of tons of fruits and vegetables
:ock all the avenues to the markets.
Busiuess of all kinds seems to have I
ken a fne tt and we lok for a 9
It gives us great pleasure to state
bhat we have made arrangements to
aevote a column of the HERALD
weekly to matters connected with
the Grange. This will add much
to the interest of the paper, and
we hope that the Granges through
out the County will furnish us all
items of general interest on this
subject that may come under their
notice. The Masters and Secreta
ries especially can aid us very ma
terially in this way. The benefit
will be mutual. While contributing
to the interest of the HERALD they
will also advance the interests of
The following is a list of the Subordinate
Granges within the jurisdiction of Ncwbe: y
Pomona Grange, No 4, with the names of
Masters and Secretaries and their Post Of
Pomaria. No. 27-Jacob Epting, Master,
Pomaria; E. J. Lake, Secretary, Pomaria.
Beth Eden, No. 53-E. P. Chalmers, New
berry; H, H. Folk. Newberry.
Belmont, No. 54-L. E. Folk, Newberry;
H. D. Boozer, Newberry.
Silver Street, No. 5.5- J. R. Spearman, Sr.,
Silver Street; J. R. Spearman, Jr., Silver
Liberty Hall, No. 81-R. C. Carlisle, New
berry; M. M. Buford, Liberty Hall.
Bethel, No. 88-T. C. Brown, Newberry;
J. G. Martin, Newberry.
Odell, No. 111-J. T. Duncan, Whitmire's;
J. S. Spearman, Jr., Whitmire's.
Maybinton, No. 133-W. D. Hardy, Shel
ton; R. B. Long, Shelton.
Cannon Creek, No. 142-D. Halfacre, New
be;r; S. W. Cannon, Newberry.
Ebenezer, No. 173-J. S. Hair, Newberry;
A. J. Kilgore, Newberry.
High Point, No. 190-D. II. Werts, Pros
perity; D. M. Crosson, Prosperity.
St. Luke's, No. 203-S. A. Hunter, Pros
perity; J. T. C. Hunter, Prosperity.
Dom-nick, No. 204-A. W. Monts, Pros
perity; A. J. Long, Prosperity.
Sympathy, No. 201-J. C. H. Rauch, Pros
peri:y; J. H. Bouunight, Newberry.
Wells, No. 258-J. N. Lipscomb, Chappell's
Depot; J. R. Irwin, Chappell's Depot.
Bush River, No. 172-B. R. Maugum, New
berry; W. M. Dorioh, Newberry.
The Pomona Grange meets the first Mon
days in January, April, July and October, at
Mayes & Martin's Hall, Newberry, S. C.
Syb. Granges are urgently requested, as wel.
as required by our law, to make their quar
teclyrepor:s promptly at our next meeting
JOHN S. HAIR, Master P. G.
A. J. KILGORE, Seeretary P. G.
FOR THE HERALD.
To Our Planters. -
MESSRs. EDITORS :-In my last I urged
that we should rear sheep and goat.e, as well
as hogs and cattle, and why not breed our
horses and mules? We can do it cheaper
than buying, it we would raise but half the
cotton we have hitherto done, by sowing a
clover patch, lucerne and millet, which
grow well here. Lucerne is well adapted
to our hot and dry summers, and is very
prolific as well as nutritious. Clover is well
known to be the very best vegetable fer
tilizer in colde,' latitudes than ours. The
peavine is perhaps its equal and better
adapted to our climate. -As we have found
that we cannot produce cotton here under
twelve cents per pound, it costing that
price to raise it, why not turn our attention
to the cereals, grasses and to stock raising ?
At least, all we require for use. I am con
fident from an experience of forty-fire years
in planting and the rearing of stock, that
we can produce our own pro visicns at a less
cost than buying them, and live stock also.
No one- need fear that he can find a ready
market at home for all the surplus grain,
peas, potatoes and live stock that he can
produce and rear, and hay also, at remunera
tive prices. A more important item will be
attained by this course in the improvement
of his lands. I will take the liberty of
quoting a part of a letter from an esteemed
friend and practical planter, living in Rich
land County, and who owns about a thous
and acres of medium Cedar Creek land. iIe
is well known as a close calculator, and
economist, and successful stock raiser and
farmer before our late war, and a member of
the Legislature. He writes, Aug. 21st, as fol
lows : "I plant no cotton. I am now break
ing up stubble land preparatory for small
grain. That is the crop for me. I can m.tLke
more money at it than any thing else, be
sides the manifest improvement. of my lands.
All the lands I cultivate improve ten per
cent. per- annum. A man who wears out
his land is a poor farmer and a meaner sin
ner. HIe is a fool too. That's my bank
my very capital. If I exhaust that I am
wasting and waning. Besides I am bring
ing evil, hard times and poverty upon those
who follow me. If I improve my land, I
increase my capital. Production will not
wear out laud. Bad, foolish cultivation does
that. I can make full crops every year,
and the land improve too. I never pasture
ultivated land, lie is a fool who will do
that. It is ruinous. I will tell you what I
regard the best rotation for cro..s on hill
land that is liable to wash: 1st year, peas
in horizontal rows; 2nd, wheat.; 3d, oats;
4th, peas again, stubble to be turned in
August ; grain to be sowed and harrowed
in well, with no other plowing. No pas
turing. That land will improve 10 per cent.
per annum. A still better course would be:
Bow peas broadcast, 2 bu. to acre 1st July;
turn under 1st October, and sow oats with
arrow. Repeat this course every year, ad
infinitum, and the land will increase every
year 20 pcr cent. The mass of our people
in farming are foolish, hopeless, incorrigible
nd incurable idiots.. Their deterioating
farnis, their empty garners, poor stock,
nd general indebtedness and poverty prove
it. The fairmer who does not improve his
land and have a surplus over all expenses
3verv year is a dolt and a robber," &c.
l'his is stronu language, but nevertheless
:rue. Peas I have found to yield a half
:rop or more sown from 10th to 25th June.
tnd I would prefer that time, and turn un
ler 1st to 15th October. I have never
red harrowing small grain, -but think it
,vould answer well. It would seem, less
.han two bushels of peas would suffice for
mf acre of land. I sowed one to one and a
aiaf, and thought it thick enough.
More anon, SENEX.
The quantity of Pork and other im
>roper food consumed is enormous and
roduces its inovitable results in innu
nerable types of disease, especially
hose of the blood, exhibited in Pim
>les, Blotches, Sores, etc., all of which,
iwever, yield rapidly and surely to
)r. Bull's Blood Mixture.
ELEGANT H Am is woman's crowning
>eauty. When it fades, she fades as
yel. While it is kept bright, her per
onal attractions are still maintained.
ly preserving the hair fresh and vig
rous a youthful.appearance is contmn
Ld through .nany years. Those who
rrieve over their fading hair turning
rray too early should know that Ayer's
fair Vigor prevents it, and restores
~ray or faded hair to its natural color.
IN IE IORIAI.
Mrs. J. C. WARDLAW and little MAsIt.
Who "perished with the flowers."
Side by side in a garden grew a white rose
and a snowdrop The rose threw the pro
tecting shadow of it.: own sweet presence
about the tender little plant which nestled so
closely beside it, shielding it alike froin
scorching sun and chilling wind. But after
awhile the Owner of a more beautiful gar
den, noticed the exquisite loaeliness of the
rose, and said to His messenger: "I must
have that lovely flower; get it ;or me, that I
may transplant it in my garden. It is too
beautiful for its prescat home; here it will
expand more ful:y, and develop into beaut
ful completeness." For the messenger to
hear, was to obey; and speedily the rose was
uprooted from its place, leaving the fragile
snowd?rop to wilt and wither foc grief at toe
loss of its gentle companionship and protect
ig ca.e. And al'hough it was tenderly
cherished, it missed the congenial presence
of t'ue rose; and where it I'ad once bee'i so
bright and beautiful it now drooped pale and
wearily, so tiat when a br:ef season had
sped by, this kind Master, into whose hands
the rose hau passed, thought best to send for
the'pure little snowdrop that it might be re
united with the rose now shin'ng forth "un
to perfect day." And thoug;h 'he hands that
loved to care for the floweret would faia have
retoineu their sweet little charge, could they
repine or wish for it a lon;er stay in this
cold, rugged ga:den? No, it is better, they
said, that this tender little flower should be
transplan -d with the rose to that p.'re:, bet
ter soil-that beautiful Garden of Pa--adise,
where stor us cannot comr., nor a,ythiag to
hurt or destroy; but where ail is peace and
"Out of the land in whose bowers
Perish and fade all the flowers
Out of the land of decay
In:o the-Eden were fairest
Of flowers, and swcete:t aid rarest,
Never shall wi1 ier away.
"Out of the sorrows of sadness,
Into the sunshine of gladaess,
Into the light of the blest;
Out of a land re.- dreary,
Out of the world of the weary,
In'o the rapture of rest."
.rew # .Mscellaneous.
To My Friends and Patrons.
I have this day removed my entire stock
of HARDWARE and other goods to my
new store, "Crotwell Building," Main street,
next door to Dr. Pratt's Drug Store, and
Boyce street, opposite County Treasurer's
You are cordially invited to call on us in
our new quarters.
S. P. BOOZER.
Newberry, S. C., Sep. 11, 1877. 37-3t.
Lime ! Lime !! Lime !!!
200 bbls. best Western Lime, for sale in
any quantity, at greatly reduced prices.
At S. P. BOOZER'S
New Hardware Store.
Main street, next door to Dr. Pratt, Boyce
street, opposite County Treasurer's office.
Sep. 12, 37-3t.
All persons indebted to the undersigned,
either by note or account, will confer a
special favor by cashing the- s.tme on or
before the first day of November next.
Those failing to comply with the above
solicitation will find the same (without fur
tier notice) in the hands of an officer for
collection. S. F. FANT.
Sep. 12, 3'7-8t.
AN ORDINANCE TO RAIsE SUPPLIEs FOR THE
TOWN OF NEWBERRY, s C., FOR THE YEAR
OF OUR LORD ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUN
DRKD AND SETENTY-SETEN, AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES THEREIN MENTIONED.
SECTION 1. Be it ordained, by the Town
Council and by authority of the same:.That
all Real Estate owned or possessed within
the corporate limits of the Town of New
berry shall be subject to a taxation in the
manner and -at the rate and comformably
to the provisions hereinafter specified, re
gard being had to the real value of the
same, viz: Every building, lot or other
laded estate, except such lands as are used
exclusively for agricultural purposes, shall
be, and are hereby, made liable to a tax of
twenty cents on every hundred dollars of
the assessed value'thereof.
SPEC. 2. And be it further ordained by the
authority aforesaid: That a tax of one-fifth
of' one per cen turn shall be levied on the
ad valorem value o.f all merchandise and all
other personal property on Land on the
first day of June in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and seventy
seven ; Provided, however, that the tax in
this section provided shall not be levied
upon pleasure carriages, barouches, buggies,
omnibuses, drays, carts and wagons used
for hire or public employment within the
SEc. :3. And be it further ordained by the
authority aforesaid: That a tax of Two
Dollars shall be levied upon each pleasure
carriage, barouche, buggy, omnibus, dray,
and cart used for hire or public employ
ment within the corporate limits, on or after
the first day of June in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and
SEc. 4. And be it further ordained : That
the taxes levied under sections one, two
and three of this ordinance shall be, and
they are hereby, declared payable from the
twelfth day of September, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
seventy-seven, to the twelfth day of Octo
ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eigi.: hundred- and seventy-seven. And
that in case of the failure of any person to
comply with the provisions of this ordinance
on or 'before the twelfth day of October, in
the year of our Lord one thousond eight
hundred and seventy-seyen, the pains and
penalties by law attaching to such a failure
shall be strictly enforced.
Done and ratified under the Corporate Seal
of the Town.Nf Newberry, S. C., on
this the foWrth day of September,
[L.s.] in the year* of our Lord one'thous
and *eight hundred and seventy
WM. T. TANRANT,
Intendant Town of Newberry, S. C.
JoiiN S. FAn, C. & T. T. C. N.
Sept. 12, 37 -4t.
STATE OF SOUTiI CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
The National Bank of Newberry, Plaintiff,
H. C. (Corwin, Defendant.
Foreclosure of Mortgage.
By virtue of an order fo'r Foreciorre in
the above stated case, I e ill sell, at New
berry Court HIouse,
On the First Monday (&Sal-dayj) in
at public outcry, and to the h:ghest bidder,
the following Real Estate of the Defendant,
situated, lying and being in the County and
State aforesaid, consisting of
One Hunidred and Fifty-two
more or less, and bounded by lands of Ab
ialoi Shell, John Sims, ard lands formerly
elonging to the Estate of J. N. Herndon,
Terms of Sale-One-half cash ; balance
.on areito 12 months, .with interest
WILLIAMSTON, S. C.
Rev. S- LANDER, A. X., President.
I. LEADING PECULIARITIES.
1. SEMI-AN\CAL PLAN.-The year is divid.
ed into 2 Sessions of 20 weeks, each follow.
ed by a vacation of 6 weeks. New pupils
can be classified as well one session as the
other. This plan has great advantages, too
numerous for our space.
2. ONE-S'LTUDY FEATURE.-Instead of seve
ral difficult subjects at once, each pupil
pursues one leading study at a time, thus
enjoying the benefits, and forming the hab
it, oi concentrated attention. The follow
ing paragraph will explain the plan.
The Regular College Course embraces 4
departments. each bontaining 6 sessional
studies. Each session is divided into 4 see
ions of 5 weeks. The 1st section is devoted
to Dellcs-Lettres; the 2d.to Natural Science;
the 3d, to Mathematics; the 4th, to Latin.
Each pupil has 3 recitations a day in her
appropriate department study, 1 in the cor
responding elementary branch, and 1 in
spei iing. This system is developing new
advantages almost every day.
3. PREMUs.-Every pupil whose two ses
sional reports average 75 or more is entitled
to a discount of 10 to 50 per cent. from her
next session's regular tuition.
4. GENERAL r-EADING.-Every pupil is re
qired to read each day a prescribed num
ber of pages in some valuable standard
5. THE CHALYBEATE SPRING is accessible
I. OTHER FEATURES.
1. Unusual attention to physical exercise
2. A well-appointed Kindergarten in suc
3. Very Thorough Scholarship. Fonrgrad
nates per annum out of 112 pupils.
4. Healthy, quiet, convenient location.
IH. RATES PER SESSION.
Board, excluding washing and lights..$66 00
Regular Tuition................$10 00 to 20 00
Instrumental Music.................c..... 2000
.i- Send for a Cataiogae.
M. E. Gilliam, for another, Plaintiff,
George B. Tucker, Defendant.
Execution Against Property.
By virtue of the above execution and of
several other executions against the Defend
ant, George B. Tucker, to me directed, I
will sell, at public outcry,
On the First Monday (Sale-day) in
at Newberry Court House, and to the high
est bidder, the following Real Estate situate,
lying and being in the County of Nelierry
and Scate-of South Carolina, consisting' of
Two Hundred and Seventy
Four (274) Acres,
more or less, and adjoining landsof J. B.
Smith, C. D. Spearian, G. W.L. Spear
man .and others. Levied on-as them,oper
ty of. the Defendant, Geo. B. Tueker:
Teims of Sale-Cash. Purchaser to pay
J. J. CA RRINGTON, S.N.C.
Newberry, S. 0., Sep. B, 1877.
TO HAVE GOOD HEALTH THELIVR
MUST BE KEPT IN ORDER.
For Pamphles address Da. SaNFOiw, New York.
Sep. 12, 3'7-ly.eowv.
- ~What is more.
Sd is tressing
than a bilious
attack ? Who
uVKR is not familar. .
with the well
sion acer os s
t he Stoinach
CURE. and Chest,
a L ow Spirits,
~. Gloominess of
ness, D ull
Headache. Dirty, Greasy appearance of the
Skin, Yellow Tinge of the Whites of the
Eyes, Loss of Appetite and Costiveness.
Simmons' liepatic Compound will cure you.
Is mild and gentle in its action. It removes
the bile from the system. It gives tone and
strength to the whole frame. It gives the
Liver a healthy character, and restores the
sinking aind drooping body to health and
strength. This medicmne has been tried by
thouands and never found wanting. Under
its influence the face will have the bloom of
health.the eye its lustre, the brain its power.
It will invigorate the feeble, and prove the
greatest blessing to those who suffer. Try
it for yourselves and you will recommend it.
For sale Wholesale andRealb
POPE & WARDLAW,
DR. W.IF. PRATT,
DR. W.E. PELHAM,
DoWIE & MorsE, Proprietors, Charleston,
TAKE THE BEST!
TIl OII10N10L & eONSTITUTIONALIST,
CONSOLIDATED MARCH I7TH,1877, is the
Oldest and Best Newspaper published in the
Sotl It is the only Newspaper published
in theCity of Augusta-the leadmng Railway
and Manlufacturing centre of the South-and
the only Newspaper published in Eastern
Georgia. The Chronicle & Constitutionalist
has a very large and daily increasin circu
lation in the States of Geor'ia,, South Caro
lina and North Carolina, and reaches every
class of readers-merchants, farmers, pro
fessional men and working men, and is a
most valnable advertising medium.
The DAILY Chronicle & Constitutionalist
publishes all tihe current news of the day,
receives all the reports of the Associated
Press, and special dispatches from Wash
ington. Atlanta, Columbia, and other points
of interest, supplemented by correspon
dence. It gives full commercial reports of
domestic and foreign markets, of all local
and Southern matters. and editorial com
ment upon public affairs. Terms: $10 fo'r
12 months. $5 for 6, $2.50 for 3, and $1 for I
month, postage paid by us.
The Til-W EEKLY Chronicle & Constitu
tionalist contains twvo days' news of the
Daily. Termis: $5 for 12 months, $2.50 for 6,
postage paidl by us..
The WEEKLY Chronicle & Constitution
alist is a mammoth sheet, and the largest
and handsomest weekly published in the
South. It contains all.the news of the week
-telegraphic, local, editorial, miscellaneous
-and carefully prepared reviews of the
market. T bis edition Is gotten up for circu
lation among planters and others livig in
the country. Terms: $2 for 12 months, $1
for 6. postage paid by us.
The Chronicle and Constitutionalist is the
paper for the merchant, the planter, the
mechanic. the politician. It is a paper for
the office, the counting room and the family
circle. Specimen coDies sent free.
Address, WALSH-& WRIGHT,
.Managers, Augusta, Ga.
Sep. 5, 35-tf.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY (-F N EWBER.RY.
IN THE COURT OF PROBATE.
Ex. Parte-John K. Gary and others.
Petition -for release from the bond of Mary
Garlanrd and Ulses R. Garland as
Adm'rs. de bonis non C. T. A. of Elijah
To Mary Garland and Ulgsses R. Garland as
A dministrators, &c.:
You and eaeb of you are hereby sum
rnored to be present before moe at Newberry,
in the County and State aforesaid, in the
ourt of Probaite, on Wednesday morning
at 11 o'clock, the tenthb day of October
iest., then and there to shew' cause, if any
v.,n.- a., ,y ,.aerele m-ad for in the