Newspaper Page Text
The End of the Eastern War.
RUSSIA'S TERMS OF PEACE MADE PUB
LIC-THE RESIGNATION OF DERBY
LoNDoN, January 25-6 A. M.
The Russian peace conditions have
been made known, and are considerel'
as beipg very hard. They include the
occupation of a portion of Turkey by
the Russian army until a heavy in -
demnity is paid. The Porte is d'
liberating upon the conditions, an'd
will probably accept thein. Lord
Derby, Foreign Secretary, and Earl
Carnarvon, Colonial Secretary, have
resigned. Neither of them were pre4
ent in the House of Lords yesterday.
Great excitement prevails over tihe
resignations, and the course of ti.,-,
Government on the Turkish question.
Instructions have been sent to the
commanders of the Mediterrane.n
fleet to land near Boulair all the ma
rines and sailors, to defend Gallipoli.
The Liberals are preparing to oppose
the Government proposals for a sup
plimentary navy and military credit.
LATER-THE TERMS IN DETAIL-TUE
PORTE WILL SIGN.
LODON, January 25.-2 P. 3.
A dispatch from Constantinople says
the Turkish Government have de
cided to sign the preliminary peace
conditions which are formulated on the
basis of the independence of Servia,
the cession of Montenegro, of Antivar,.
Liesies, Spuz and a portion of the Lake
of Scutari, Bulgarian Autonomy. Ac
cording to the conference programme
the opening of the Straits of the Dar
danelles to Russian ships of war, and
the occupation of Batoum, Kars and
Erzeroum by Russia, until the war in
demnity of twenty million pounds
sterling is paid. A part of the Rus
sian forces will embark temporarily for
home from Constantinople, where
the treaty of peace wi! be signed to
satisfy Russia's honor. .
In the House of Commons this af
ternoon, Northcote announced that
the government had received the basis
of peace, but. nothing concerning the
approaching signature of the armis
tice. The English fleet has been or
dered north of Dardanelles to await
orders. The government asks a vote
of six millions sterling. Earl Car
narvon, Secretary for Colonies, an
nounced his resignation, which was
accepted. In tendering'his resigna
tion in the House of Lords, Earl Car
narvon said Beaconfield severely criti
cised his speech to the deputation of
merchants early in January, but his
grounds for resigning were the dis
patch of the fleet to the Dardanelles
and the decision to ask for a money
A MORE PACIFIC OUTLOOK-ENGLAND
LONDON, January 25-10 P. M.
In the House of Lords to-night, Earl
Beaconsfield stated that - in conse
quence of the receipt of the peace con
ditions, affording a basis for arm is
tice, the British fleet had been or
dered not to proceed to the Dar -
danelles. The policy of the English
Government, he said, was still one of
neutrality. The speeches in Parlia
ment to-night are considered more
pacific than for several days past..
[From The News and Courier.]
Interesting Facts About Fish
Culture in South Carolina.
WINNSBORO' January 18.
To the Editor of The News and
As you have signified that it would
"now be in order for me to rise and
explain" about that six-and-a-quarter
pound trout, and as there are some
points of interest and information
which I think have not been made
public heretofore, I shall do so. This
trout, which was reilly not a trout as
laid down in the books, was 3 years
and 8 months old, and was a de
scendant of a supply given me by
Col. Paul Felder, that most estimable
gentleman and lively Granger who
now does business in your city. He
procured eggs from his pond in
Orangeburg, and having hatched them
in his horse trough, brought me the
young fishes, several hundred of them,
in a small tin bucket when they were
not larger than wiggletails. So much
of "explanation" as to its pedigree.
The principal points to which I wish
to direct attention, however, are the
facts that fishes of this size can be
raised in small ponds on small streams,
even without artificial feeding, as this
fish had none, and to the wonderful
increase in weight under any circum
stances, and to the astonishing amount
of eggs found in it. During the
month of February, 1876, my pond
was drawn down literally to the bot
tomn and eve-y trout taken out. Af
ter the pond had refilled itself, several
were put back as breeders, all of which
were weighed carefully, the largest
-weighing 21 pounds. Larger ones
were caught, but not put back. Now,
taking for granted that this one was
the largest in weight, (24 pounds,)
then we have clearly demonstrated the
fact that in about one year and nine
months there was the astonishing
growth of four pounds. The largest
number of eggs heretofore reported as
being produced this year is, I believe,
the amount of 16,000, as given in my
Anderson essay, although Ii had no
doubt, then, that the eggs increased in
number as the fish increased in size.
The fish from the amount, 16,000,
was obtained, weighed, I believe, two
and a half pounds. I have not the
essay before me. From the six and a
quarter pounder I counted over 180,
000, which were being rapidly ma
tured for the A pril spawning.
Comment is unnecessary. These facts
are before us, and yet we have no fish
commissioner, no revised law upon
fishing and fisheries, no small appro
prian for the purnpos of importing
THOS. F. GRENEKER, EDTous.
W. II. WALLACE,
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 30, 1878.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald is in the highest respect a Fam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the inaterial in
terests of the people of this County and the
State. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertisinz medinm offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
Ousting the Circuit Judges.
The Supreme Court, the 22d,
rendered its decision in the case of
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA VS.
A. J. SHAW.
The facts of the case were these:
Shaw was elected Judge of the
Third Judicial Circuit February 12,
1875, by the General Assembly,
voting viva voce. The question
presented to the Supreme Court
for decision was whether Shaw's
election was valid. The whole case
depended upon the proper construc
tion of the Constitution.
Art. II, Sec. 24, reads: "In all
elections by the General Assembly,
or either House thereof, the mem
bers shall vote viva voce, and their
votes, thus given, shall be entered
upon the journal of the House to
which they respectively belong."
Art. IV, Sec. 13, reads; '-The
State shall be divided into conven
ient Circuits, and for each Circuit a
Judge shall be elected by joint bal
lot of the General Assembly, &c."
Judges Reed, Wiggin, Shaw,
Townsend, Mackey and Cooke, of
the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 6th and 8th
Circuits were elected viva voce.
The case of Judge Shaw was taken
as a test case for all the Judges
elected in a similar manner.
The decision of the Court is that
the election viva voce was invalid,
and that the only legal met hod of
electing Circuit Judges is by joint
ballot of the General Assembly.
This decision ousts all the Circuit
Judg6s in the State except Judges
Kershaw and Wallace, of thei 5th
and 7th Circuits, they being the
only Judges who were elected by
Chief Justice Willard dissents
from the opinion of the Associate
Justices, McIver and Haskell, and
considers the viva voce election the
As to the politics of the ousted
Judges, all are Republicans except
Candidates for the vacancies are
as thick as blackberries in June.
Edgefield to Newberry.
A Bill was introduced in the
House the 26th providing for taking
a portion of Edgefield county and
attaching it to Newberry county.
The portion proposed to be cut off
is a strip lying just beyond Saluda
River, extending from Halfway
Swamp above Chappell's to Clouds'
Creek. The widest part of the strip
is from Bouknight's Ferry toward
Edgefield Court House, about seven
miles across. The people living in
this portion of Edgefield are much
nearer Newberry Court House than
their own. Nearly every citizen in
cluded in the section proposed to
be cut off is in favor of the change.
Waiting for that Ship.
The number of colored people,
men, women and children, gathered
in Charleston from all parts of this
State and from Georgia, Alabama
and elsewhere, grows larger every
day. Deluded into the belief that
a ship would be ready to take them
to the Eldorado of their dreams,
they have sold out their little pos
sessions and left their comfortable
homes only to find no ship ready.
They number hundreds already and
still they arrive. Many of those
who first arrived have found em
ployment at the phosphate works.
These poor people are greatly to
be pitied.__ ____
The venerable Peter Cooper, of
New York, is negotiating for Lime
stone Springs, Spartanburg Coun
ty, for the purpose of establishing
there an institution similar to the
Cooper Institute in New York,
founded by him years ago, and now
one of the best institutions for
practical and scientific education in
Hon. T. W. Woodward, of Fair
field, "rises to explain" about the
six-and-a-quarter pound trout which
lately graced his table, in a very
interesting letter which we copy
As many of our readers are not
posted as to the meaning of the
Moffett Registering Bell Punch
which is now agitating our Legisla
tors, the following description will
prove interesting :
"The machine is an iron box with
seven dials, each of which has an
index hand, which moves forward
from one figure to another, thus
registering the number of times
the crank in the rear of the ma
chine is turned, which is done once
for every drink sold; a gong is
rung at each turn of the crank, so
that the purchaser may know that
his drink has been recorded, which
he is interested in seeing done
as the tax comes out of his
pocket. A combination lock and a
card opposite the key hole on the
inside, which is perforated when
the key is introduced, prevents tam
pering with the machine. In every
bar-room is one of these machines
for spirituous and one for malt
This mode of taxation would kill
the credit business, as the seller is
required to pay the tax, even if he
does not get paid for the drink.
CONDENSED REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS.
MONDAY, Jan. 21-SENATE.--The
Joint Resolution to amend the Con
stitution relative to the School Tax
and Tax on Polls was reported ready
Bill to incorporate the Greenville
and Columbia R. R., reported favora
Senator Gary, Edgefield, rose to a
question of privilege, and read from
the Columbia Register of Sunday, the
following editorial which was based on
remarks made by him in the Senate
Saturday, the 19th : "If Chief Jus
tice Willard is the corrupt official Gen.
Gary would make the public believe,
why does the- Senator from Edgefield
not furnish the proof ?" Gen. Gary
said : "In reply I have this to say:
The informatiou that Judge Willard
was bribed while Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court, was communicated
to me as Senator. I reported it to
Senator JIo. R. Cochra, the Chair
man of the Joint Investigating Com
mittee, and furnished him with the
names of the witnesses. Three of
these were Republicans and one a
Democrat. Senator Cochran assured
me that he would give it his attention
and report the matter to the General
Assembly. I have still in my pos
session the names of those witnesses
and additional names besides, and am
ready to give thenm at any time. I
consider it my duty to give this in
formation to the General Assembly."
Senator Cochran said: "I admit
that the Senator from Edgefield gave
me those names, &c.; but after exam
ination of the resolution under which
we were appointed, we come to the
conclusion that we had nothing to do
with Judge Willard unless some charge
of dishonesty in connection with the
public funds had been made."
Senator Lipscomib offered the fol
lowing resolution : "Resolved, That
a committee of three on the part of
the Senate and - on the part of the
House, be appointed to investigzate all
char-ges of corruption and bribery or
misconduct in office wade against
Chief Justice Willard, to report to the
General Assembly by resolution or
otherwise, and that it be authorized
to send for persons and papers." Or
dered for consideration Tuaesday.
Bill to incorporate the S. C. Immi
gration Society was read third time
and enrolled for ratification.
HOusE.-Mr. Hall introduced a
bill to authorize County Treasurers
to report all persons failing to return
or pay poll tax or tax on personal pro
perty, to the nearest Trial Justice for
The bill to alter the Criminal Law
so as to make Arson, Burglary and
Grand Larceny punishable with death
came- up as unflis.~hed business and
provoked a heated discussion. Mr.
Meinminger, of Charleston, offered an
amendment providing that the jury
trying the case shall be at liberty to
recommend the prisoner to mercy, in
which event the Court shall limit the
punishment to imprisonment for life
in the State Penitentiary. The bill
then passed to its third reading by a
vote of 76 to 29.
TUEsDAY, Jan. 22-SENATE
Senator Lipscomb, Newberry, intro
duced bill to amend the election laws.
Concurrent Resolution to investi
gate the charges of bribery against
Chief Justice Willard, was referred to
the Judiciary Committee.
Joint Resolution proposing an
amendment to the Constitution of the
State relative to Probate Judges, read
third time. (This bill makes the
term of office four years instead of
An act to repeal Section 8, Chap
ter 82, Title 1, Part 2, General Stat
utes, relating to second mortgages;
and a joint resolution proposing an
amnment to the State onstitutinn
Bill making Burglary, Grand Lar
ceny and Arson capital offences passed
its final reading by a vote of 68 to 28.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23-SENATE.
Bill to amend the Criminal Law,
(passed by the House) referred to Ju
McCall. Marlboro, introduced bill
to require marriage licenses and regis
try of the same in this State; also
bill to protect landlords in the matter
IIOUSE.-A resolution was adopted
to fix Tuesday, the 29th, as the day to
elect Judges to fill the vacancies.
The bill to amend the School Law
was passed to a third reading; the
section providing 1i mills for educa
tional purposes was stricken out. (The
entire school tax, therefore, will be
only 2 mills, as provided by the new
Amendweat to the Constitution.)
THURSDAY, Jan. 24-SENATE.
The President submitted the following
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 22,1878.
HON. W. D. SIMPso'.
DEAR SIR: Having read the
charges made in the Senate affecting
my offi<ial conduct, I desire that a
thorough investigation of them be
Your obedient servant,
A. J. WILLARD.
HOUSE.-Most of the day was oc
cupied in discussing the bill to re es
tablish the State University. Hemp
hill and Conner, of Abbeville, and
Simpson, of Anderson, opposing, and
Hea,phill, of Chester, Simonton, of
Charleston, Verner, of Oconce, and
Aldrich, of Barnwell, favoring it.
FRIDAY, Jan. 25.-SENATE.-Bill
to incorporate the S. C. Immigration,
Society was ratified.
Bill to recharter Newberry College
referred to Committee on Incorpora
HOUSE.-Mr. Bradley, Pickens,
introduced a bill to amend "An act to
utilize convict labor."
Bill to reorganize the State Univer
sity was discussed at length, Hood,
Abbeville, and Brown and Simpson,
Anderson, against, and Memminger,
Charleston, and Orr, Anderson, for it.
SATURDAY, Jan. 26-SENATE
Nothing of special interest.
HOUTSE.-The University Bill was
again discussed, Callison, Edgefield,
against, and Rhett, ]Ficken and Simon
ton, Charleston, for it. The Bill pass
ed its second reading yesterday.
A Campaign Slander.
]When Dr. R. V. Pierce was a can
didate for State Senator, his political
opponents published a pretended
analysis of his popular medicines,
hoping thereby to prejudice the peo
ple against him. His election by an
overwhelming majority severely re
buked his traducers, who sought to
impeach his business integrity. No
notice would have been taken of
these campaign lies were it not that
some of his enemies (and every suc
cessful business man h'as his full quota
of envious rivals) are republishing
these bogus analyses. Numerous and
most absurd formulas have been pub
lished, purporting to come from high
authority ; and it is a significant fact
that no two have been at all alike
conclusively proving the dishonesty of:
The following is from the Buffalo
Commercial, of Oct. 23d, 1877:
"Hardly a dozen years ago he (Dr.
Pierce) came here, a young and un
known man, almost friendless, with
no capital except his own manhood,
which, however, included plenty of
brains and pluck, indomitable perse
verance, and inborn uprightness. Cap
ital enough for any young man, in
this progressive country, if only he
has good health and habits as well.
He had all these great natural ad
vantages and one thing more, an ex
cellent education. He had studied
medicine and been regularly licensed
to practice as a physician. But he
was still a student, fond of investiga
tion and experiment. He discovered,
or invented, important remedial agen
cies or compounds. Not choosing
to wait wearily for the sick and suffer
ing to find out (without anybody to
tell them) that he could do them
good, advertised liberally, profusely,
but with extraordinary shrewdness, and
with a method which is in itself a
lesson to all who seek business by that
perfectly legitimate means. His suc
cess has been something marvelous
so great indeed that it must be due to
intrinsic merit in the articles he sells
more even than to his unparalleled
skill in the use of printer's ink. The
present writer once asked a distin
guished dispensing druggist to ex
plain the secret 6f the almost universal
demand for Dr. Pierce's medicines.
He said they were in fact genuine
medicines,-such compounds as every
good physician would prescribe for
the diseases which they were adver
tised to cure. Of course, they cost
less than any druggist would charge
for the same article supplied on a
physician's prescription, and besides
there was the doctor's fee saved.
Moreover, buying the drugs in such
enormous quantities, having perfect
apparatus for purifying and compound
ing the mixture, he could not only
get better articles in the first place,
but present the medicine in better
form and cheaper than the same mix
ture could possibly be obtained from
any other source. It may be thought
that all this having reference to Dr.
Pierce's private business has no point
whatever when considered in con
nection with the proper qualifications
of a candidate for the Senate. Per
haps. But it is the fashion now, and
Interesting Letter from Colum
The following is an extract from a letter
from our distinguished representative, Hon.
Y. J. Pope, which though not intended for
publication, we take the liberty of present
ing to the readers of dhe Herald, as con
taining so much of interest:
We had a fine time listening at speeches
last week. Tongues wagged unremittingly
for three days, and very much of what was
said on both sides would better have been
left unsaid. This protracted discussion-on
the bill reorganizing the S. C. University
was engaged in by, as against ,he bill, R.
R. Hemphill, F. A. Conner, Richard Simp
son, Dr. W. C. Brown, Jas. Callison, Wm.
Hood, J. W. Holmes, and Wi. K. Bradley;
for the bill, Robt. Aldrich, J. J. Hemphill,
J. C. Haskell, C. G. Memminger, J. L. Orr,
C. H. Simonton, J. F. Ficken, R. B. Rhett.
The measure was passed by a vote of 58 to
32. The negro members voted solidly for
it. Thus the majority of white members
were outnumbered. The features of the
bill, provide for the establishment of the S.
C. College for the whites, and the Clafflin
College at Orangeburg for the blacks, both
combined under the name of S. C. Univer
sity, Professors to be employed, not more
than ten, at a salary of $2000, except the
President, who receives $2500. Tuition
fixed at $40 per annum. Each county shall
be allowed one student free of tuition.
The community and former students of
the S. C. College are jubilant. The House
will likely provide on Monday for night
sessions. The first important measure ba
fore the body will be schemes for the per
fecting of the Courts. One proposition is to
increase the number of Circuit Judges to
eleven instead of eight, as now fixed. Then
require all the criminal and civil business
over $20 to be tried in the Circuit Courts,
providing for a system of magistrates-one
to each Township-under the law as it was
before the war. This will dispense with
Trial Justice and is regarded by far the
more economical plan. In the new propo
sed apportionment of counties, Abbeville,
Newberry and Spartanburg fall together.
The second proposition looks to creating a
County Court with a Judge at a salary of
$1000, and no fees, who shall hear all cri
minal cases not reqqiring a grand jury and
civil cases up to $300, providing an appeal
to the Circuit Court. This dispenses with
Trial Justices and substitutes a magistrate
in each Township with a very limited juris
diction. The third proposition is a bill to
produce more efficiency in the Trial Justice
system, by reducing all laws and parts of
laws into one Act.
You may expect a fearful reduction in all
fees from Lawyers, Probate Judges, Clerks,
Sheriffs, down to Constable.
It is expected that the Bond Commission
will send in their report in a day or so
may be on Monday.
FOR TEE HERAT-D.
An old Plautist on the Tea
MESSats. EDTRS-The commissioner of
Agriculture at Wa~hington recommends the
culture of the Tea plant, and he is delight
ed tc discover that the shrub will grow in
many of our States. The agricultural re
ports for 1 85'7, show that this fact was given
twenty years ago. There is not the least
doubt that tea will grow in most of the
Middle and Southern States, and why not ?
It is a plant of the north temperate zone.
But because it will grow readily and can
be cheaply raised, the cost of producing
marketable tea lies not in raising she plants,
but in preparing the leaves. At this the
Chinese are engaged for less than three
cents a day. Can we raise tea to compete
with labor at that price ? Some body must
have a quantity of seed or plants on hand
to sell to southern farmers, or an axe to
grind. If we raise tea, we will have to
import Chinese labor to pick and prepare
the leaves. It won't do. Then the idea
that we cain raise our own coffee ! The
coffee tree is one of the most delicate
known to horticulturists, liable even in fa
vorable localities to diseases which baffle
the skill of planters. And then the idea
of raising chufas also. A great many of
our scientific mnen sit in the shade and re
commend to farmers how to make fortunes
through new discoveries, while they them
selves know literally nothing about plant
Let me give the people, particularly in
South Carolina, some good advice : follow
the examples and teachings of our fathers
and great grand fathers for centu.ries back.
Plant, cultivate, and use the same kind of
implements that we know all about. Cul
tivate corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, peas,
potatoes, pea-nuts, sugar cane, cotton, rice,
tobacco, cabbage, turnips, clover, &c., and
my word for it we will be a great and pros
perous people. Turn a deaf ear to all idle
tales which tell of fortunes in new plants
and implements. DEUS CR AVIT.
A CLERGYMAN's OPINION.-Uav
ing had an opportunity to test the
excellent qualities of Dr. Bull's Cough
Syrup, I hesitate not to say, it is the
best remedy I have ever used in my
faily-Rev. Win. Chapman, Pastor
M. E. Church, Georgetown, D. C.
PALATABLE MEDICINES. Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral is a honeyed drop of
relief; his Cathartie Pills glide sugar
shod over the palate ; and his Sarsa
parilla is a nectar that imparts vigor
to life, restores the health and expels
disease.- Waterford (Pa.) Advertiser.
Would you have Rosy Cheeks.
EXPERIENCE OF A YOUNG WoxAN.-A
country girl, young, pretty and happy, her
step was elastic and the roses of health
bloomed upon her cheek. One April morn
she was overtaken by a,"spring shower,"
and caught a cold.
It was her "particular time," and suppres
sion was the result. A t the next "period"
nature refused to act. She became sallow,
swollen and suffered intensely with pain in
the back and "lower stomach," palpitations,
difficuty of breathing, indigestion and head
ache. Doctors failed to palliate her dist-essed
condition, and she longed for death as the
only hope for relief. At the instance of a
friend, who herself experienced its benefits,
she was induced to try Dr. J. Bradfield's Fe
male Regulator. One bottle cured her. Bhe
was again the happy girl she was that April
morning before the shower. The Female
Regulator is prepared by Dr. J. Bradfield,
Atlanta, Ga., at $1.50 per bottle and kept by
all respectable drug men throughout the
A MOST EXCELLENT REMEDY.,
ATLeAN, GeiIA, March 12, 18'70.
G. D. HALTIWANGER, I
G. B. CROMER. EditingCommittee
Communications designed for this column
to be directed to the Editing Committee,
Newberry, S. C.
rrue Inwardness of Newberry
The pretty sentences usually found in
catalogues about "thoroughness of course,"
"moral surroundings,' &c., &c., sounad very
well indeed, but they fall far short of giving
a satisfactory idea as to what an institution
really is. Everybody knows that things are
not always to be taken for what they are
labeled. It is by no means unimportant
that those who have sons to educate should
know what institutions of learning are most
worthy of patroliage. Money, to say no
thing of the irreparable loss of precious
time and talents, should no more be thrown
away oit worthless institutions than on
worthless goods. Inferiority of advantages
in the matter of education should never be
tolerated. It is a duty every man owes to
his sons to give them every possible oppor
tunity for improvement. What we intend
by this article is to aid those who may be
in search of a deserving institution of learn
ing, in judging of the merits of Newberry
This institution has suffered from disas
ters with which all who are acquainted with
its history are familiar. When the war
closed the old building lay in ruins. Owing
to this circumstauce and the more promis
ing aspect of affairs in the extreme upper
portion of the State at that time, the col
lege was removed to Walhalla, where it re
mained until it was brought back to its old.
home in September last. It would be need'
less to recount the various difficulties
through which it has had to struggle. Suf
fice it to say that notwithstanding all its
wande.ings and misfortunes, its friends
and patrons seemed always to have an
abiding faith that it would eventually be
come established on a strong and perma
nent basis; and, so far as our observation
has extended, no thought has ever been
entertained of making it anything less than
an institution of the highest grade. True,
owing to its youth and the misfortunes to
which we have alluded, it has never gained
that prestige which more favored institu
ions enjoy, but all who are conversant with
the history of its graduates up to this time,
must acknowledge that they compare favor
ably with those of any college in the land.
Though all of them are still young, yet
many of them have occupied and are now
occupying positions in and out of the State,
which speak in n6 uineaning terms as to
where they struck that tide which is bear
ing them on to fortune.
But all this is probably insufficient evi
dence of the high standar'l of Newberry
Goilege, and we have thought it not im
proper to give to our readers a brief review
of the curriculum and methods of instruc
tion adopted by the factilty. We believe
this to be the most effectual way of placing
before the people the facilities afforded for
acquiring a liberal and useful education.
Mere generalities would avail nothing.
People now-a-days want something more
than a pretty outside which is frequently
only a pretty delusion. Nothing but a peep
inside will or should suffice. If, then, any
of you desire light to be shed on the inter
nal workings ot Newberry College, here's
In dealing with this subject, we will let
no mock mo,desty, which some over-right
eous souls might be on the look out for, as
arising from our position as a member of
the faculty, deter us from a plai-n and hon
est expression of what we know to be facts.
We do not claim any kinship with that in
genious class of anglers who fish for com
pliments with such humble bait as self-dis
paragement. But we do claim a little rela
tionship with the man who believes th it he
can do what he has engaged to do, if not
the best, at least creditably. .
We will first notice the Preparatory De
partment in connection with the college.
The course of study in this department oc
cupies three years. There are three cor
responding classes, Junior, Middle and
Senior. "To enter the Junior Class, the
applhcant must be able to spell with reason
able correctness; to write legibly and easi
ly; to read fluently both script and print."
He is then required to take the following
course preparatory to entering the Fresh
Junior Year-Orthography, Penmanship,
Reading, Rudiments of Arithmetic, Modern
Geography, English Grammar.
Middle Year-Studies of the Junior year
continued, Latin Grammar, Latin Exercises,
Algebra begun, History Unit ed States, De
Senior Year-Latin Grammar, Latin Ex
ercises, 0msar, Virgil, Creek Grammar,
Xenophon's Anabasis, Algebra continued,
English Grammar continued, Physical Geo
graphy, Elementary Natural Philosophy,
Book-Keeping, Composition and Declama
This course will in itself .give sufficient
education for ordinary practical purposes.
But, you may say, "This is only a show of
studies-mere catalogue talk. A boy may
go over twice the niumber of studies you
have enumerated. and yet be but little the
wiser." Very true. We will, therefore,
look mnto the methods of instruction as ap
plied to the Preparatory Department. Here
especially are the faculty strong advocates
of the objective methods of teaching. If
the boy is first, the eye is second. Wherev
er it is possible, every subject is introduced
to the student through this organ. For
example, arithmetic is taught almost exclu
sively on the blackboard ; Geography from
maps ; and historical facts are, presented in
great part, by chronological charts. The
pupil is not required to answer a thousand
questions in abominable mental nrithmetic,
when, the probability is, he is unable to
make a figure. On the contrary, his first
lessons are to learn to execute on the slate
and black-board the mechanical operations
of addition, subtraction, multiplication and
division. In Geography, for answers to
map questions, he is made to look on the
map, and not under the question for a print
ed answer. He is also required to trace
routes b,etween different places. We give
these examples in order to indicate clearly
our methods of imparting knowledge to
young pupils. These methods constitute a
system of education which has been demon
strated by the experience of the best educa
tors in our country to be most effectual in
drawing ont the mind and promoting a rapid
and healthy development of the intellectual
Simplicity is regarded as of first import
ance in the instruction of young students.
Every subject should be so presented as to
be understood with the least difficulty.
Things learned "with tears and trouble"
serve only to create in the young mind a
distaste for books-a thing to be .avoi ded
as a rock. "No profit grows where no
pleasure's taken." The untutored mind de
lights in simplicity, for the plain reason
that it can comprehend nothing else ; and
a student should be well advanced before
crowding him with books of ponderous de
finitions and unwieldy methods. No man
ever made a scholar who did not regard it
as "a pleasure rather than a labor to study
and learn." The chief aim of the teacher,
then, should be to excite in the minds of
his pupils a love of study. That done, a
desire for knowledge, energy, progress and
power will be the result.
In this connection, we cannot refrain
from referring to the erroneous idea preva
lent among some people (or so it seems)
that "any man is fit to teach." On the con
>ught to know of everything much more
han the learner can be expected to ac
luire. He muct know thingi in a masterly
vay, curiously, nicely, and in their sea
*ns." If there is anything truer than
rue, this is it. If a man knows a thing
sell he can explain it well. But if his own
inowledge of it is imperfect, 1no co11mind
f language will enable to impart a clear
,dea to others. Tattlers can and generally
lo tell more than they know, but schoul
;eachers cannct. Be,ides, if the instructor
is always right and ready, it begets a con
Idence on the part of the pupil, which soon
rises to respect and admiration. Such a re
ation between teacher and pupil is most
lesirable-we mTght say, indispensable.
f'he former, a perfect master of his art, al
ways commands attention-the very soul of
teaching ; the latter constantly impressed
with the beauty and dignity of proficiency
[or tho,oughness, as Clopps would have it,)
resolves to emulate the example before him.
So 'nuch for "ability" as 'iewed on one
side. Let us turn it about and see if there
is not another side on which there is some
thing. Quintilian says: "A skillful master
who has a child placed under his care, will
begin by sounding well the character of his
genius and natural parts." A modern wri
ter (his name we haven't by us just now)
puts it this way: "A class should be treat
ed with reference to the individuality of its
members, The more true to nature the
teacher is, the better is his instruction.
The guidance the pupil needs is that which
comes from the teacher, and not from
books." If there is anything truer than
what Mr. Everett said, this is it. H.
(To be continued.)
We are g!ad to sie that the young ladies
of Prof. Pifer's Academy have a column in
the Newberry "News." They made their
editorial "debut" in the last issue of that
paper, and a most handsome beginning it
was. What was written was written well
and appropriately, and in a sweet, simple,
unaffected and delightfully girl-like style.
We wish the young ladies much success
and "lots of fun."
A Soph. in commenting on the Female
Academy Column gave it great praise. Ile
is an intense believer -in the "fitness of
things," and confidently 'ooks forward to
the pleasure. of soon reading an essay on
"The Sweet." We would like to see an es
say that that Soph. would write on "The
Student-Prof., what about this sow busi
ness? When I say white eye, I mean red
eye, and when I say red eye, I mean white
eye. A. S..
[A nut to crack.--Ez).]
QuERY: "Why will men smoke
common tobacco, when they can buy
Marburg Bros. 'Seal of North Caro
lina,' at the same price ?" 5-1y.
* ELECTIONs.-The New
berry Herald comes out manfully and
sebsibly in favor of the plan of pri
mary elections for the choice of Dem
ocratic candidates, instead of the
present system of precinct or ward
meetings, which are almost invariably
captured by local politicians who are
in search of office.--Charleston News
Do not stupify your baby with
Opium or Morphia mixtures, but use
Dr. Bull's Baby Syrup which is al
ways safe and reliable and never dis
ECONOMY IS WEALTH,
Poor Richard says. If this be true, then it
is wise in eveiy fami'y to use Duryeas's Satin
G!o:. Srarch in preference to any oteer, be
eure it is the most ecor.omical ever mann
fac vred in the world. It is the most eemom
icail b.une it is tbe best; it is the cheamest
beanse it is the best. It is pure-, whi.or,
and strar-ger than any other starch. it hbs
r"eived tr e highest award over all coapeti
tors in the four quarters of the globe. Don't
be dec&-ved by your grocer. Ask for Duryeas'
Imvrove-. Corn Starch for food, and Duryeas'
Satia Gloss Starch for laundry purposes, and
take no other..
iN THE MORNING IS THE BEST TIME
to take Shriner's Indian Vermifuge. See
directions on the bott.a. For sale by Dr
W. E. Pelham.
.Vew A liscelasseosus.
SILVER AND GOLD
FOR THE LADIES.
HERALD BOOK STORE.
Jan. 80, 5 -tf.
The following POPULAR GUANOS are
for sale by~
J. N. MARTIN & CO.
The Atlantic Phosphate.
The Acid Phosphate.
The Bradley's Dissolved Done.
Call and examine before buying.
Jan. 30, 5-tf.
EDUCATION FOR THE POOR.
Through the kindness of a nameless
FRIZN, I have control of a "Loan Fund,"
for the benefit of worthy poor young ladies
who earnestly desire a thorough education.
I would hereby inform such that, by on
plying with the reasonable conditions of
the "FUND" they may prosecute their
studies in- the
WILLIAMSTON FEMALE COLLEGE,
Wu.r.ixsrox, S. C.,
At a very small present outlay, and pay the
rest of-their expenses after they shall have
earned the money.
On receiving a stamnp for return postage,
I will gladly furnish falL particulars to any
young lady applying thterefor in her own
S. LiNDER, Pres't W. F. C.
Jan. 30, 5-6t.
COM BINA TION
PEN AND PENCIL.
McGill's Paper Fasteners,
At HERALD BOOK STORE.;
Jan. 30, 5-tf..
Is hereby given that the undersigned will
nake final settlements on the Estates of
~ flt,wnmna' ftnd ~fArv Entt~ in the' ~
.ew J .tViscelaneous.
.3 COPPOCK. WM. JOHNSON.
EW STO HIRDWIARE!
In the Store formerly occmpied by
S. P. Boomer & Co.
No. 3, -IeIlehen Row,
:OFOh & J111110
OF THEIR LARGE AND SPLENDID
Which Nas Been BoAght
rO SELL AT ASTONISHINGLY
EVERYTHIN IN TVE MEW STORE
BOWN TO HRO PAN
Call and Be CeAminced
rfAT MONEY CAN BE SAVED
BY PURCHASING OF
COPPOCK & JOHNSON.
Jan. 30, 5-2m.
MORE OF THOSE
NICH D11WIN SLATES
FOR TIRE LITTLE ONES.
Come and get one at once.
HENALD BOOK STORE.
Jan. 80, 5-tf.
farmer's Yr Attention!
The Arabian Sugar Cane was brought to
America during the World'e Fair at Vienna,
in 1873. It will yield double that of any
other quality ever grown in this country.
The stalks grow on average of 12 to 14
feet high, and from 4 to 51 inches in cir
cumference. The syrup made from it is of
the very finest quality. Also a good qual
ity of sugar can be made from it. We have
sent this seed to every State in the union;
and returns from it are highly satisfactory.
Agents are wanted to canvass in every
County and take orders for these and other
seeds. A sample package of the AXABLrix
SUGiA OAIxE SEED Containing enough to
plant 1-8 of an acre, and special terms to
agents, with my Seed .Catalogue for 18'78
will be sent to any address on receipt of
Fifty Cents. Instructions for planting and
cultivating are printed on every package.
W. S. TIPTON, Seedsman,
Jan. 80, 5-8t.
ANOTHER L ARGE LOT
FROM FIVE CENTS UP.
Jan. 80, 5-tf.
The Baden White Fleur Corn.
This Corn grows on Stalks averaging .
from 8 to 10 feet in height-she body.ofNhe,
stalk being a little heavier than the medium:
The average length of the ears is nine i'i
ches ; the .grains plump and of common
size; perfectly white and flinty. It is har
dy-not requiring as much work as most of
qualities. The root grows s'.raight down
in the ground, and consequently drought
effects it very little. The yield is double
than of any other variety ever raised in
America It will produce on medium good
corn land one hundred bushels per acre.
This Corn is from two to three weeks ..
earlier than any other variety, and grows
from 4 to 14 large size ears on every stalk.
The average number of good size ears is
six. A fine quality of Flour can be made
from it. When ground it produces a sour
aalagious both in appearance and taste to
flour made from the best white wheat.
Agents are wanted in every County to can
vass and take orders for this corn. A sam
ple stalk with from 5 to 8 large sized ears
on it will be farnished every agent. A
sample package containing about 1,000
grains with special terms to agents for it
and other seeds will be seat to any address
on receipt of $1.00. Order before the sea
son is too far advanced.
W. S. TIPTO!N Seedsman,
Jan. 30, 5-St.
Are you thinking of going to Texas?
Do you want reliable information in
regard to the Lone Star State? Sub
scribe for the FORT WORTH DEM
OCRAT. Brick Pomeroy, in his
"Big Trip" says "it has the repu
tation of being the most lively and
industrious of alghe papers in the
State." Subscription pilee, 1 year,
82 00; six months, $1.00. Send 10
cents for sample copy with Texas
Fort Worth, Texas.
Jan. 30, 5,3m.
TATE OF SOUTHI CAROLINA,
By James C. Leahy, Probate Judge.
Whereas, J. C. Schumpert, bath made
nit to me, to grant him Letters of Admin
stration of the Estate and effects of John
These are therefore to cite and admonish
11 and singular the kindred and - creditors
if the skid dleceased, that they be and
ppear, before me, in the Court of Probate,
o be held at Newberry Court House,
L C. n the 1Rth day of Fehrnatry, after