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PLAIN TALK ABOUT THE
The following is from an ad
dress delivered by Dr. Ezra Stet
son, of Neponsett, Ill., at the
recent Agricultural institute, at
The great question of the value
of corn as food for swine has never
been and cannot be actually dem.
onstrated. When we sell our corn
on the market we count the dol
lars and cents, but when we feed
it to hogs, it can only be approxi
Mately estimated. How many
pounds of pork will a bushel of corn
make ? is what no man yet has
found out. All experiments in feed
ing have only proven what certain
bogs,under certain conditions,bave
made to the bushel of corn. Now,
whether this grain has been five
or twenty pounds to, the bushel,
establishes this and no more-that
in certain conditions so many
pounds of pork have been made
from a bushel of corn.
There are so many things to be
taken into account-as age, breed
ing, the season of the year, mor
tality, wear and tear of the dam,
etc., that any thing like a general
average is- almost entirely out of
the question. If arything is well
established in feeding, it is that
the young of swine as well as of
all other animals will make very
much better gain from the food
consumed than older animals. I
have myself sold more than one
carload of pigs, at about ten
months cld, whose average gain
had been about one pound per
day-say three hundred pounds
at ten months. No one can be
lieve that another three hundred
pounds could have been added to
these pigs in anything like the
same time or for the quantity of
food consumed. I do not claim
any extravagant gain for these
pigs, and can readily believe that
others have done better (especially
the man from Man kato). I have
fed corn to hogs; that abundantly
satisfied me; and have also fed
them when I did not get pay for
throwing the corn on the feeding
Sfloor. When to buy and when to
sell, when to give and when to
withhold, is beyond the ken of
Will it pay to grind and cook
food for our hogs ? I have cx
perimented a little on this subject,
and all are welcome to my deduc
tions, but I neither ask nor expect
that the world shall be turned up
side down at my doing so. I
* think it will pay to make swill
-gruel or soup for sows giving
milk just as it wvill for the dairy
man to feed his co,vs on soft green
food to encourage the flow of
milk, to make such food for sows.
I know of no better way than to
grind or cook, either with steam or
-over an open fire.
I think it will also pay to pre
pare the drink for pigs in the
same manner, especially where
large numbers ~ re raised and
better drink can~ not be obtained.
All know that nature's element
-milk-ean not be equalled, even
in the laboratory of' the chemist,
*and when milk can not be ob
tained in sufficient quantity, we
should do the next best thing,
make their drink palatable, as near
blood-heat as possible-any way
to get large quantities of drink
into their stomachs. I have used
two parts of corn and one part of
oats, ground together, and added
to this an equal bulk of wheat
middlings. This has proven sat
isfactory to the taste of the pig,
and 1 never saw anything but
good effects from its use. It is a
well-established law in the phy
iology of' digestion that it is not
the quantity but the quality of~
the food digested. If it is the:
last feather that breaks the cam
el's back, so it is the extra grain
from twenty-fbur to forty-eight
hours is rendered very much
more digestibic in the stomach of
the pig than' when not so ireated.
Always keQp In mitd that the
eater quantity eaten anid !gest
Od is the true secret of sucevs in
A few words as to the impor
ance of fluids in the system, to
aid assimilation. All animals, from
man down, that are in a state of
health, consume a large quantity of
fluids, and take on flesh in the same
piroportion. It is not the nourish
1ment contained in the lager beer
of our Teutonic friends that gives
them their barrel-shiped abdo
Mnls. The same quantity of
water pure and uncombined with
the same amount, of nutriment
consumed would produce the eame
result. Show me a tat man, wo
man or child, or any other ani
mnal, and if not proven great drink
ers, they are the exceptions and
not the rule.
The chemist will tell us that it
takes so many pounds of green
grass to be equal in nourishment to
given quantity of dry hay.
But every one know3 that grass
is more "hankered after" and
more readily assimilated and taken
up by the digestive organs, more
especially in animals that do not
chew the -cud. There are just
three things that give the hog
its commercial importance. First,
their flesh can be preserved for
use and kept for an indefinite
time, as the flesh of no other do
mestic animal can be. Secondly,
their extraordinary fecundity--six,
twelve, eighteen, twegly-foir.or
even more pigs at a.single litter.
A sow would hardly die of old
age before she might become the
common ancestor of more hogs
than are now to be counted in the
United States. I am getting up
a swine herd book. Please take
notice, and govern yourselves ac
The third and most important
characteristic of the hog is that
he is a hog, ever ready to assimi
late any article of food that comes
in his reach. in plain English,
the hog has a stomach made for
digestion, and furthermore, that
stomach never gets out of order.
All that any hog wants is plenty
to eat, and his neighbors must
look out for themselves. Who
ever heard of a hog having dys
pepsia, the stomach-ache or the
thousand and one ills that his less
favored namesake endures? Yea,
verily, any hog with a full stom
ach is at peace with himself and
all the rest of the world.
AN IMPROVEMENT IN BREAD
MAKING.-Persons who are so un
fortunate as to be poorly provided
with those agents of mastica
tion, good :teeth,. will be glad to
know that there is a method of
baking bread which obviates the
necessity of a hard crust. The
crust commonly attached to the
loaf is not only troublesome to
such persons, but is often the
cause of much waste. The way
to be rid of it is as follows: When
the loaves are molded and before
they are set down to "rise," take
a small quantity of clean lard,
warm it, and rub it lightly over
the loaves. The result will be a
crust beautifully soft and tender
throughout. This is not guess
an equal quantity of carrots and
turnips, cut them the size of al
monds; 12 small white onions,
and put all in a saucepan with a
lump of butter ; let them brown
gently ; add a little gravy and
some mushrooms, French peas,
ha icots, tops of cauliflower, salt
and pepper, and a teaspoonful of
sugar ; let them all boil gently,
and, just before serving, thicken
the sauce with a little flour.
YORKSHIRE XtUFFINs.-Take one
tablespoonful of lard and two
quarts of flour, add salt to your
liking; make the dough stiff
enough for a spoon to stand in.
Stir in one teacupful of yeast; let
it rise over night, and in the
morning bake in muffin rings, and
serve for breakfast while hot.
Eos A LA CREAME.-SiX eggs
boiled hard and chopped fine, and
stale bread. Put in a dish alter
nate layers of chopped egg and
grated bread. When the dish is
full pour on one pint boiling milk
seasoned with salt, pepper and one
tablespoonful butter. Bake a light
THE SEASIDE LIBRARY,'
1 East Lynne, I Mrs. Hfenrv Wood. 10e 2
2 John lafif-ax, Gent., Mi5s Mu!o0k. 1
3 Jane Eyre, by Charlotte 1Bronte. 10c
4 A Woman-lhiter,C.R.-:ide's new nov. 10c 2
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9 Old Myddelton's Monev. M C lay. 1()c 2
10 The Woman in White. W. Collin. 20e
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14 The Dead Secret, 1 Wilkie Collins. 11( I
15 Romo!a, by George Eliot. 20c
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The Field of Ice, by Jules Verne. 10c
1' Hidden Perils, by Mary Cecil Hay. 10c
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NEWBERRY REBAD B00K ST0E.
nreenville & Columbia Railroad.
Passenger Trains run daily, Sunday excepted,
onnecting with the Fast Day Trains on South
rolina 1'ail Road up and dovin. On and after
'uesday, March 19, 1878, the following will be
"ave Columbia, - n- - 11.00 a m
" Alston, - 12.56 p m
" Newberry, - - - - 2.10 p m
" Hodges,. - - - 5.10 p M
" Belton, - - - 6.55 p m
trrive Greeuville, - - - - 8.80 p m
eave Greenville, - - , - 7.45 a m
Belton, - - 9.0 a iM
" Hodges, - - 1103a m
" Newberry, - - - 2.08 p m
"Alston, - - 3.40 pin
rrive Columbia, - - - 6.15 p mn
Anderson Branch and Blue Ridge Rail Road.
eave Walhalla at, - - 6.10 a in
" Perryville, - .- 6.50 a mn
" Pendleton, - - 7.40 a m
" Anderson, - - 8.86 a in
rrive at Belton, - - 9.20) a in
eave Belton at. 6.55 p m
" Anderson 7.50 p in
" Pendleton 8.45 p in
" Perryville 9.20 p m
rrive at WaIhalla 10.00 p m
Laurens Branch Trains leave Clinton at 10.15
. n. and leave Newberry at 2.15 p. mn. on Tues
Lays, Thursdays andSaturdays.
THOS. DOD A MEAD, Gen'l Supt.
JABEZ NoRoX. General Ticket Agent.
~PARTANBURG & ASHEVILLE L. R.,
PARTANBURB, UNION & COLUMBIA R. R.
The following ?assenger Schedule will be run
in and after Monday, July 1,1878:
DOWN TRAIN. UP TRAIN.
Arrive. Leave. Arrive. Leave.
aluda....... * 5.00 p. mn. 8.i00a a. mn.
lelrose........ 5.15 7.41
ryon City... 5.55 5.58 7.01 7.06
andrums......6.18 6.20 8.41 6.48
3ampobello... 68 6.401 6.21 6.23
nman.........7.00 7.01 5.56 6.00
3ampton..... 7.12 a.mi. 5.44
Lir Line Junctn 7.87 7.40 5.20
spartanburg. 8.00 7.30 a.m. 5.30 5.00
~ac olet........... 8.09 8.11 4 46
ones ville.......8.33 8.36 4.20 4.2
Jion.......... 9.12 9.22 340 850
;antuc.......... 9.45 9.47 3.10
ish Dar....... 10.08 2.46
heltni........1.0 10.34 122pmn 2.25
~trothers........... 11.65 1.50
iston.... .-. ..2.0t m. p.m. 1.00
JAS. ANDERSON, Superintendent.
~outh Carolina Railroad Company.
CHARLESTON, March3, 1878.
On and after Sunday next, the 3d instant,
e Passengdr Trains on this road will run
(Sunday morning excepted.)
eave Charleston at... .9.00 a m and 7.30 p m
rrive at Augusta at.. .5.00 p m and 6.55 a m
(Sunday morning excepted.)
.eave Chg.rleston St..5.00 a m and 8.30 p m
trrive at Columibia at.10.50 a m and 7.45 a mn
FOR CH ART,ESTON.
(Sunday morning excepted.)
leave Augusta at.....8.30 a m and 7.40) p m
krrive at Charleston att 20 p m and 7.45 a m
.eave Columbia at.... .6.00 p m and 8.00 p in
trrive at Charleston at12.15 Night & 6.45 a m
eave Sumnmerville.,.........---.7.40 a m
arrive at Charleston...........,..80 a m
eave Charleston....................3,15 p m
arrive at Suinierville. . ...........4.25 p m
ACCOMMODATION PASSENGER AND
(Daily, except Sundays.)
eave Columbia at..............5.30 A. M.
rrive at Branchville at..........12.25 Noon
eave Branchville at............. 1250 Noon
.rrive at Columbia at......*...7.00 P. M.
Brea1rfant, Dinner and Supper at.Branch
Connects at Kingville daily (Sinde,ys ex
:epted) with Accommodation Train from
oluiba and with up Day Passenger Train
rom Charleston. Accommodation ,.Train
onnects at Branchville with up and down
p.gusta Day Passenger Trains.
bay and Niht TrainS connect at Augusta
vith Georgia Railroad, Central R.ailroad,
1,nd Macon and Augusta Railroad, This
-oute is the quickest and most direct to At,
anta, Macon, Montgomery, New Orleans,
fashville, Louisville, Cincinnati, -Chicago,
it. Louis, and other points in the Northwest.
The Trains on the Greenville and Colum
ia and Spartanburg and Union and Blue
idge RailroadS make close connection
rith the Train which leaves Charleston at
A. M1., and returning they connect in same
a.riner with the Train which leaves Colum
iia for Chiarlestqn at 6 P. M.
Laurens Railroad Trai'n connects at New.
>erry on Tuesdays, Thursdays a#i4 Satgr
Carlose Columbia and Augusta . Rail
o,d connects closely at their crossing near
olubia with the train which leaves Char
eston at 5 A. M, and with the train which
eaves Columbia at 61'. M,
This is the quick Route to all points North
Leave Charleston at.......... 5.00 a in
Leave Columbia at...........10.40 a m
Leave Charlotte at............3.45 p in
Leave Danville at............10.30 p mn
Leave Lynchburg at........... 1.05 a
Arrive at Washington....... . .1 a
Arrive at Baltimore........... 9.30 a m
Arrive at Philadelphia.......-. 1.45 p
Arrive at New York via 4.1
ited Express".............. O
Arrive at New Yor)s i eg .
lar Traln. ........ .... ......
ONLY ONE NIGHT ON THE WAY!
Close connection. No Omibus transfers
nd no ,delay Pullma.n Cr from Com.
.e ... m
July 10, 1878-28-1y.
My,customers know that I have heretofore le
in style, quality and prices.
The time has come when these goods can I
SNorth and West.
I do not go backwards, but continually raM
styles. I have made reductions in prices wher
In your hands a Price List that will help you tV
I respectfully invite you to call and exami
elsewhere. Orders by mail will receive as mu(
It would make the list too large to describe
-oom, Parlor Suites, Dining room, Offie, Stat
)warf Libraries, and Book Cases, manufacture
I few of the prices of goods kept by me.
No charge for drayage or pacing.
Thanking you for past favors, I rem
G. "V. ID eGR.A A
Oct. 31, 1877-44-1y.
Darness and Saddles.
FG. VP DARKER,
SUCCESSOR TO WEBB, .TOES & PARER,
(Between Pool's Hotel and the Post Office,)
Having bought teE NTIR E S TO0CK
f the Harness and Saddle Manufactory of
essrs. Webb, Jones & Parker, I am pre
ared to do all kinds of work in this line.
Also will keep on hand for sale, HARNESS,
SADDLES, &e., HARNESS LEATHER,
OLE LEATHER, UPPER LEATHER, &c.,
f .the best and cheapest. REPAIRING
nd all work done to order
t Cash Prices and at Shortest
Apr. 15, 15-tf.
From my Premium BUFF COCHINS
$8.00 for 13, $5.00 for $26. PA RTRIDGE
C0CHINS, $2.00 per doz. WHITE LEG
ORNS and BROWN LEGHORNIS, $2.00
per doz. LIGHT BRAHMAS, $2.00 per
doz. Golden Spangled Seabright BAN
UMS and White BANTUMS, $1.50 per
dozen. C. B. SIGW ALD,
wa 20 8 tf Charleston, S. C.
KAJUFACTURED AT GLEN COVE,
s one of the most delightful PREPA RA
TIONS FOR FOOD in the world. Rlecom
'nended by the highest medical authorities
in both hemispheres, and receiving the first
medals and d.plonmas at all the great inter
IS THE~ BEST IN THE WVORLD.
Use it once and~ you will use no other. It
a received the highest International
Gpe ovg and Glucose
For the us, of Confectioners, Brewers, Pre
servers of Fruits, Wine-Makers, etc.
Unequaled for purity and excellence. Fur
nished in quantities to suit, and shipped- to
all parts or the world. Samples sent free
of charge. A ddress
WM. DURYEA, Gen. Agt.
29 PARK PLACE,
May 22, 2t'-tf.
2M W * i
0 0:C:9 I X
9x -: V
U"" 3 a
AUGUSTA, GA., AUGUST 1, 1877.
d the "FURNITURE'' trade of the South,
w purchased -as cheap from me as in the
;e the standard of my goods, and add new
ver possible, and spared no expense to place
pe my stock a prices before pitrcbasing
h attention as if given*in person.
and copy all the different prices Df Bed
ding, Parlor and Ladies' Desks, Secretaries,
i by me, and therefore, this list contains only
tin, yours respectfully,
.F, Augusta, Gra.
Dry Goods and Motions
WILL RUN OFF
In Spite of Consequences.
FOR THIRTY DAYS
MY ENTIRE STOCK
WILL BE RUN OFF
AT SUCH PRICES
As Will Convince the Pub
lic that I Mean Business.
If you want the full value of your money
with something over now is the time, and
the place is at
. F. JACKSON'S,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
July 10, 28--tf.
0EOIU0E W. IJLOT WORBTII
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF
327 and 329 Baltimore
42 and 44 German Sts., t
Feb. 13, 7Y-6m,.
Drugs #Fancy .(Irticles.
DR. E. E. JACKSON,
DRUfGIST AN CHM ISllT,,
. COI4JNiBIA, S. C.
gemoved to store two doors next to(
A full stock of Pure Medicines, Chemi. a
:als, Perfumeries, Toilet Articles, GardenR
nd Field Seeds, always in store and atd
Oders promptly attended to.
Apr. 11, 15-tf.
UI~ o$Opes day emadenby any work.I
Uf.i ore oteiterse, rtnteirown t
ie at this business. Adr. STrioh
o., Portland, Maine. 21-17
j at, addreass FINLEY, BARVEY l& Co.
The undersigned has made Fire Insur
nee a study and a profession.(
The policies he issues are PoLIcES oF'
Rip.NI-the4 Companies represented
,~ving never failed to oai their losses. BE- St
BOOK STORE !
$2.00 PER ANNUM.
NOrE HEADS, 0 STATEMENTS.
LETTER [EADS, LEGAL BLANKS,
B I LL UEADS. U INVITA lONS,
PAMP11LE rS, RlAND 1.lS,
Etc., &c. 1ETC., &c.
PRINTED AT TI
HERALD PRINTING OFFICE,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
An elegant lot
Invitation and Wedding Papers,
WITH ENVELOPES TO MAT(H.
PAPER DOLLS and
&C., &C.7 &0
HERALD BOOZ STORE.
PAPEIt of all kinds,
FOR SALE CHEAP AT TH
HERALD BEOO STORS.
SCHOOL BOOKS, and all other kinds or
BOOKS, or any article in the STATIONERY
LINE PROMPTLY FILLED.
T. F. GRENEKER,
ditor HERALD and Proprietor Book Store.
Jan. 27, 4-if.
ONE DOLLAR A YEAE.
Oua Ko3Turr is a.magazine devoted to gen
aral and religions reading. Its contains 24
ouble colum ages, and every endeavor will
Evr charitably incline prson should sub
cribe for it, as the entire subsrpin is devote
o the support of the orphans In the
f Clinton, S. C., by whom all the work upon if
s done. It is carefully edited and Is wouth the
rice rasked for it. Will not the friends of the
C)rphanageget up alist of subscribers for us and
io enable deserving boys to assist in supporting
Al subcriptions should be sent at once to the
iditor and publisher
Oct. 20, 42-tf. Clinton, 8. C.
ANOTHER LARGE LOT
FROM FIVE CENTh UP?.
Jan. 30, 5-tf.
9ttionery and Bintling
EW TATIONERY R9.UE.
E. R. STOKES
HAS just opened, in the new and hand
oe building immediately opposite the
henix office, on Main street, a complete
omprising Letter, Cap and Note Paper, of
1II sizes, qualities and of every description;
lat Papers of Cap, Demy, Double-Cap, Me-.
im, Roal, Super-Royal, and ImperielQ
izes, which will be sold in any quantity, or
lanufactred into Blank Books of any sire,
nd ruled to any pattern, and bound in any
yle, at short notice.
n endless variety-all sizes, colors and quail
e. BLANK BOOKS ,
)f every variety, Memorandum and Pass
looks, Pocket Books, Invoice and Letter
looks, Receipt Books 'Note Books.
ARCHITECTS and bRAUGRTSMEN will
md a. complete stock of materials for their
se. Drawing Paper, in sheets and rolls,
Iristol Boards, Postal Paper and Boards,Oil
aper, Pencils, Water Colc,rs, in cakes and
oxes, Brushes, Crayons, Drawing Pens.
)feery description; a great variety of con
enient and useful articles for both Teachers
Photograhlbum. Writing Desks, Port
lios, Cabas, with oxes, and a countless
Also, 9. most elegant stock of Gold Pens
nd Pencil Cases, superbly-mounted Rubber
Black, Blue, Violet and Carmine, Indejble
nd Copying; Mucilage; Chess and Baek
ammon Men and Boerd: Visiting and Wed
ing Cards, and everything usually kept in a
irst Class Stationery House,
Thich the snbscriber intends this shall be.
ie will still conduct his BINDERY and
LANK BOOK MANUFACTORY and PA
ER-ULING ESTABLISHMiENT, which
as been in successful operation for over
iirty years in this State, and to which he.
Ill continue to devote his own p~ersonal at
ution. His stock will be kept up full and
,mplete, and 13is prices will be foud always
lasonable, and he hopes to have a share of
itoaeE. H. STOKES, Main Street,
Nov.15, 46-Zf Opposite Phisnix Office.
C. M. HARRIS,
~abinet Maker &Undertaker..
Has on hand and will make to order, Bed
ead Bure, Wardrobes. Safes, Sofas,
0. 17, m.6.
*-5, W, t .- k
I F j w"
in the th redt e
-VbwromeW sy -
u t i s. -tVnM th s ss P f
The PReIM MnFA
bin n .awwwr.4T zoww
ban an tU dIdr
cretion or excess.
dients. D0*. W."A
Apr. 17, 16-ly. .
iD. tension beoresbne Ro
toIetfions o SE
oscte i t
UniedS ts,Cout of Csinas
monenfoms th psn
andist amont Fofe
ed. 1iefor maej'hg
onducn oareis a
tong penions ar etn Sad --
Uni taa ttesCrto Csilra;
C sinso Aeaa CJ -
Cmis pion and oxat m
Borty a W arran
issedunerS acts nf 185and
money fo theedyeiee
assignent arie we
naspten burea,ndr theIe 4oIc~
andartmer ofte Iear..
properpaa 2erson ai
foeund Wostage soutm a
Libse er anmctsmO'85andpro
al Isesobine. - 4
todpr esshe -
dnc a the breau,onde h
ae Patpenead fro r~
Co., ofthics ey. ar.
(tornheso h eetonssu
ttos funisedy eaneil
pr ut it8ercn bepIiCaeInth,ree
bywe anyer ofeihe'r
tor reur ptead age shde-ue
Leav an wino are eMnio
althseo business. em
deuceWf AW a
cannot be made to easily
any other bus~ne~s, it costa
the business. ~
Address at otice, H,. II~u$~~ -
- ~ ~. -' .~ -
SHAVING AND lAiR'