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Aiding the Negro Exotuif.
An Enthusiastic Meeting in Cooper Unior,
A call issued to those desirout of
extending encouragement and aid to
the colured people enigrating, fro::
the South was successful in bringii,,:
out last night a1 audience which ah
most filled the great hall of the
Cooper Union. The Rev. H. H. Gar
nett presided. The following pream
bles and resolution were adopted -
WHEREAS, The colored people ar
leaving the South by thousands, and
are seeking new homes in the West
WHEREAS, Their innocent fathers,
mothers, brothers, sisters and wives,
and other relatives and friends have
been stricken down in cold blood and
their lifeless flesh been left as food for
the Southern turkey buzzard ,
WHEREAS, A tree has been made
by brutal men a perpendicular de
livery bed for an innocent pregnant
wife, and the mother too, died on it;
WHEREAS, The colored people havt
toiled without being compensated, and
have been mercilessly robbed ;
WHEREAS, Extreme extortion bas
been a policy with those who have
furnished them with the needs of life ;
WHEREAS, Education has been de
WHEREAS, They have not been per
mitted to worship God in peace;
WHEREAs, They have relied on the
Federal arm at Washington, and it
under the control of professed friends,
and found no protection, and hav%
been made to live a life of peril; and
WHEREAS, the colored refugees
have horror-stricken fears as to the
state of things which will be true ofr
the South should the Federal arm
after 1880 be under the control of
those who have affiliated with their
oppressors, we approve of their move
ment to seek a new home; and
Resolved, To do all in our power to
assist them, and so call upon every
man, woman, and child to extend a
Letters expressive of sympathy
were read from William Lloyd Garri
son, Mayor Cooper's private secretary,
District Attorney Phelps, Wendell
Phillips, and others. The letter from
Mr. Wendell Phillips was as follows:
BOSTON, April 21, 1879.
GENTLEMEN : I am exceedingly
sorry that I cannot be with you on
next Wednesday evening. My health
is not such as to allow of it. I have
no words to describe what I consider
the importance of your meeting. Only
two paths are open to the colored
men of the South. One is to resist
and protect themselves against intol
erable oppression by arms. The other
is to leave, one-half of them, their
homes and teach their oppressors jus
tice by the severe lesson of suffering.
Leave the tyrants and bullies to till
their own soil or starve, while they
do nothing but wrong and rob their
laborers. Without laborers the South
ern acres are worth nothing. Even a
Southerner will come to his senses, or
if he never had any senses, obtain
some when he is starved. I trust the
No'rth will, as in Kansas days, or
ganize and help open channels and
contribute means for a large emigra
tion from States ruled by thieves and
cut-throats who know no means of
getting their bread except by robbing
How to be Beautiful.
Many hundred thousand dollars are
annually expended by ladies for "arti
ficial" appliances to hide the shrunken
and wasted form, or the sallow skin,
blotcbes, or liver spots, which aire due
to female weakness, dyspepsia, torpid
liver, and constipation. If a small
per cent. of this sum were invested in
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription,
ladies would soon really be what they
now seem to be. It readily corrects
those weaknesses and diseases upon
which debility and emaciation depend.
It cures dyspepsia by toning up the
system, and when used in connection
with IDr. Pierce's Pleasant Purgative
Pellets, speedily overcomes all irregu
k larities of the liver and bowels. No
"bloom of youth," no "beautifier of
the eomplexion," can impart such
perdanent beauty of face and form as
D;seieree's health..giving Favorite
A. G. B's Idea.
,Congressman De La Matyr's finan
dial scheme is perfectly simple. The
government is required to issue one
thousand mnillions of greenbacks, which
shall be a legal tender for all debts
and shall be receivable for all United
States government dues. These notes
are to be loaned to parties who desire
to construct works of internal im
provement, so that every citizen may
have his own railroad or canal. It
may be objected, however, that the
bill, though in the right direction,
does not go far enough. Why should
the loans be conjined to projectors of
railways and canals ? Why should
not the government loan portions of
the thousand millions that are to be
issued to deserving persons who wish
to open a bank, a store, a hotel, or
run a farm or newspaper ? Mr. De
La Matyr is a man of the people and
should not legislate in the interest of
the privileged classes. We trnst that
he wrill see the impropriety and in
justice of his measure in its present
shape, and will amiend it so that the
whole country may be benefitted by
this shiowex of paper money that is to
be based on nothing and redeemed in
the same thing.
[Chronicle aad Constitutionalist.
----can nw ad-i.t.a
hi ns no tadt speat "Thew
THOS. F. GRENRKER, EDTORS.
W. II. WALLACE,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
W EDNESDAY, A PR. 30, 1879.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald is in the highest respect a Fam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the material im
terests of the people of this County and the
State. It circulates extensively, and as -an
AdvertiSing medium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
Bishop Ames, of the Northern
Methodist Church is dead.
Gen. Jno. A. Dix, ex-Governor of
New York, died the 21st inst.
The Constitutional Convention of
Louisiana is in session, having met
Gov. Simpson, the 24th instant,
pardoned F. L. Cardozo, ex-Treasu
rer, and Robt. Smalls, ex-Congress
Georgia is to be reimbursed by
the U. S. Government $72,000 for
expenses incurred in the prosecu
tion of the Creek and Seminole
The General Assembly of New
York has passed a resolution ten
dering the freedom and hospitalities
of the State to Grant on his return.
And the ball rolls on.
Jno. E. Poindexter, who shot C.
C. Curtis, in Richmond, a short
time ago, was convicted the 25th
of voluntary manslaughter. This
sentence is two years in the peni
The trial of Edward Cox for the
murder of Col. R. A. Alston, began
in Atlanta, the 28th instant. There
are eight or ten law firms engaged
on each side. Among the lawyers
for the prosecution is Gen. A. C.
Garlington, of Greenville, S. C.
Mlle. de Macleff, 20 years of age,
daughter of a rich Russian, has
been arrested in St. Petersburg and
now lies in chains in the Citadel of
Kiew, charged with being concern
ed in a conspiracy against the gov
ernment. The Countess Panin and
the daughter of Gen. Gertsfeld are
confined on a similar charge.
The State Convention of the Y.
M. C. A., which met at Anderson
last week, elected the following of
ficers for the ensuing year: Presi
dent, G. F. Tolly, Anderson ; Vice
Presidents, L. N. Zealy, Columbia,
A. C. Jones, Newberry, and G. M.
Cordes, Sumter ; Recording Sec
retary, P. H. Chisolm, Charleston ;
Corresponding Secretary, E. W.
A bill has been introduced in
Congress to appropriate $75,000
for the relief of the negroes who
have flocked to Kansas, and are
now in a destitute condition. Why
not let Windom and his Radical
pals who induced them to go, foot
the bill out of their own pockets ?
We are quite sure the Democrats
in Congress will not thus aid a
measure whose sole object is to in
jure their party.
The Grand Lodge of Good Tem
plars held a very interesting and
pleasing session of three days in
Columbia last week. The officers
elected for the ensuing year are :
G. W. Cuttino, G. W. C. T.; Rev.
Thos. E. Gilbert, G. W. C.; Mrs. C.
E. Gilbert, G. W. V. T.; Thos. N.
Berry, G. W. S.; C. L. Fike, G. W.
T.; Mrs. C. E. Gilbert, S. J. T.; 5.
H. Bryce, R. W. G. L. R; Rev. S.
Leard, G. W. C.; J. H. Bryce, G.
W. M. The next annual meeting
of the Grand Lodge will be held in
There is hardly a living Sove
reign in Europe who has not been
made the target for some fanatic's
pistol. Kin~g Alfonso, of Spain,
Emperor Frederic William, of Prus
sia, the Czar Alexander, of Russia,
King Hunibert, of Italy, Queen
Victoria, of England, have all been
shot at ; some of them urore than
once. Executing the would-be as
sassins does no good, and does not'
deter others from making the same
attempt. It is stated that there is
Tn Euoeasecret ognzto
whoseoc is t o gaiationh
woned hbetds. The asastranet
croned abtdhs affai istat
thing about this affair is, that no
living Sovereign, except the Empe
Some Reftections on the Tal
Those who have kept up with the
incidents in the trial of Rev. T. De
Witt Talmadge by the Brooklyn
Presbytery for lying, deceit and
slalder must be convinced that
preachers are only men. The scenes
that have been enacted by the grave
divines, the personal abuse, the ex
hibitions of temper, the bitterness
and pertinacity with which mem
bers have attacked each other's
character, is unequaled in any court
of justice, and can only find their
paral! in a heated political caucus;
and yet this body sits, to use its
own language, as the "-Court of the
Lord Jesus Christ." Much dam
agd has been done to the cause of
religion by the trial. It has been
clearly developed that some of the
presbyters have mistaken their jeal
ousy for a zeal for the purity of the
church and ministry, and that they
are really more anxious to pull
Talmadge down than to build up
the (.urch. The accused has rout
ed his accusers at every point, and
he will com3 out of the trial a more
popular preacher than ever..
We venture to say that no body of
"men of the world" would be guil
ty of such personal abuse as these
learned divines have indulged in to
wards each other, no matter how
great the excitement or how strong
the prejudice or deep the hatred
that might exist between them.
The language they have used during
this trial to and concerning each
other, if used among laymen would
have resulted in probably a half
dozen duels. The reason of the
difference is this: that between the
preachers no amount of obloquy,
no insults, however grievous, would
-lead to any serious consequences.
With men of the world it is alto
gether different; insults and per
sonal abuse have to be answered
for. A man knows it, and be is
therefore more cautious in indulg
ing in them. When one knows
that if he calls another a liar or a
scoundrel or otherwise attacks his
character he will be called out for
it, no matter how courageous he
may be, he is apt to hesitate before
he assumes the consequences. So
that what we have said about thexse
ministers does not argue that their
tempers or their morals are worse
than ordinfary-they are no doubt
greatly superior-but their known ir
responsibility for what they may say
leads them to speak their minds too
freely. We are no advocate of the
code, but there is no question that
it is a wholesome check to many a
bitter and slanderous tongue.
The New Schedule.
We are heartily in favor of the
new schedule soon to be inaugura
ted on the S. C. and G. &C. R.R's.
The mail and passenger cars will
leave Charleston at 5 A. M. and ar
rive at Columbia at 10.45 ; arrive
at Newberry 1.56 P. M., and at
Greenville at 8.30 P. M., making
the through run from Charleston
to Greenville, of 273 miles, in fifteen
h-mrs and a half, without change of
cars. One great advantage to the
up-country in the new schedule is
that it will give us a daily mail
from Charleston. It will also be a
great convenience to the traveling
public, doing away with the nedes
sity of stopping over several hours
in Columbia. The schedule will go
into operation in a few days.
The U. S. Court
Which has been in session in
Charleston, closed the criminal
calendar the 22nd instant. The
last case tried-making only four
in all-was that against Osce
ola Gantt and fifteen other citizens
of Barnwell County, for disturbing
a political meeting Oct. 11, 1878.
After the evidence was all in Judge
Bond instructed the jury to bring
in a verdict of not guilty, because
the indictment failed to state that
the parties interfered with had been'
molested on account of race, color,
or previous condition of servitude.
District Attorney Northrop then
moved that the trial of all the other
cases be postponed to November.
No objection being made it was
Russia appears to be drifting
back into the barbarism from which
she emerged only a few years ago.
Martial law has been proclaimed
over a large portion of the Empire,
thousands of persons, male and fe
male. high and low, have been cast
into prison on charges of holding
socialistic opinions, the liberty of
the press has been taken away, and
those newspapers that dare to crit
icise the measures of the despotic
government are peremptorily closed
up and confiscated and the editors
The MeNinch Appeal.
Messrs. Baxter, Caldwell and
Pope, Counsel for Alfred McNinch,
of Laurens, are to make their argu
ments before the Supreme Court
to day for a new trial for their
client. They will be opposed by
Solicitor Ball and Todd & Fergu
son, of Laurens. McNinch was
carried down to Columbia Satur
day, to be present at the argument.
Unless he get a new trial or execu
tive clemency interfere he will be
hanged the 27th of June.
Congress is progressing very
slowly. Not a single object of the
extra session, which convened over
a month ago, has been accomplish
ed ; neither the Legislative nor Ju
dicial Appropriation Bill has been
passed. All that has been done is
the passage by the House of the
Legislative bill, with the amend
meht forbidding the presence of
troops at the polls. Nearly every
representative had to have his say;
and since the bill went to the upper
house the Senators have been taking
"turn about" in airing their elo
quence. The Democrats would get
through in short order if allowed to
do so in their own way ; that is,
with the passage of the appropria
tion bills, to repeal several obnox
ious laws-the juror's test oath,
the supervisor law, and the law au
thorizing the use of troops in elec
tions. But the Republicans don't
want it that way, and are resorting
to every device possible to tire their
opponents out and bring them to
a compromise. The Democrats,
though, are determined to '-go the
whole hog"; they have said they in
tend to repeal those obnoxious laws,
and they will fight it out on that
line if it takes all summer. And
they are right.
Mr. H. E. Nichols, of Columbia,
died at Cherokee Springs, Spar
tanburg County, the 24th instant.
The livery stables of Mr. Geo.
Keenan, in Columbia, were burned
down Thursday night, 24th, and
four horses burned up in them.
Henry L. Habenicht, wine and
liquor dealer, of Columbia, commit
ted suicide the 21st inst., by shoot
ing himself through the heart with
We learn from the Union Times
that the Belmont Circuit Parson
age, at Cross Keys, was burned
Friday night, the 19th inst. The
preacher, Rev. E. M. Merritt, and
family were absent, and it is sup-.
posed the house was robbed and
then set on fire. Loss about $1,000.
Tuesday, 22nd, five convicts in
the penitentiary made a dash for
liberty. Win. White, col., from
Oconee, was shot in the arm by the
guard, and the arm had to be am
putated. One other was captured ;
and three escaped-Ellis Coleman
and Bill Caldhoun, col., from Edge
field, and Dick Fuller, col., from
Laurens, all under life sentence.
An old man by the name of Has
tings Holly, was murdered in Aiken
County a few days ago while going
to a Trial Justice's Court to testify
against Wiley Floyd, whom he had
had arrested for violation of the
new law against adultery. The
head and hands of the murdered
man had been chopped off, and he
had been otherwise horribly muti
lated. Suspicion points strongly
to the Floyds as the murderers,
and the Coroner's jury recommend
ed that Wiley Floyd, Jack Floyd,
Caroline Floyd and Eliza McClen
don (the concubine) be arrested,
which was done.*
FOR THE HERALD.
Labor Saving Tools.
The world seems determined to get
out of its old ruts, despite our efforts to
keep it there ; and like the chrysalis,
under the rejuvenating power of spring,
is bursting its narrow ways for a more
expansive and progressive growth. In
view of the strange conditions every
where obtaining, and more particularly
the threatened stampede of slave labor
from our section, we think it were wise
for the Soutb, in this her day and gene
ration, to wake up more fully to the
march of surrounding improvement,
that she, too, may enter into the new
scientific era abreast of the age ; and to
this end, amid the variety of matters
germane to the subject of progressive
development, we would urge the use of
labor saving implements. Go on a
Northern orWestern farm, good reader,
and you will at once perceive the great
amount of work more than satisfactorily
done by improved machinery. To il
lustrate-by reference to other labor:
The sewing machines in use to-day,
do the work-plain or elaborate, rough
or elegant-that one hundred millions
of women would be required to per
form. Every one knows the millions
of hands and arms that would be ne
cessary to displace steam. These
thoughts are crudely thrown out for
consideration. We shall refer to the
matter again, as it is suggested by not
ing the fact that Messrs. Coppock &
Johnson, our enterprising hardware
dealers, are preparing to introduce la
bor-saving machinery suitable to our
section, if our people at all realize its
importance. Go and see their walking
cultivator and double foot plows.
It is an old adage and a true duec,
that "neither wvise men nor fools can
work without tools,"-and the better
the tool the better the work.
Newbe-ry Pomona Grange,No. 4.
RiEGULAR QUARTERLY MEETING.
i)ETIIEL BAPTIST CHURCH,
N:AR 1)(ilNICK GIAN(GE IIALL,
April 11th, 1879.
The Grange was opened in the 4th
Degree by W. M., J. S. Hair, accord
iug to our established order. In the
absence of the Lecturer, Steward and
Secretary, Bros. A. -I. Monts, J. N.
Jhustone and J. A. Sligh were ap
pointed to fill the offices in the order
iu which their names stand.
The roll was called and absentees
noted. The minutes of the call meet
ing of February were confirmed.
The committees appointed to obtain
signers to petitions to be sent to Judge
Aldrich, asking him to revoke the or
der for extra term of court, reported
in part, that nothing had been done
as the people seemed to be indifferent
on the subject.
On motion of Bro. S. A. Hunter
the dues of Sub. Granges to Pomona
Grange were reduced from 5c. to 2c.
A general invitation was extended
to all out of the house to come in and
hear the discussion of the subject,
which was read as follows: "Which
is the most advantage to farmers, to
employ croppers or pay wages ?"
Bro. J. H. Boozer, having been ap
pointed by the Dominick Grange to
open the discussion, proceeded to give
his views as follows : The subject is
imiportant-our prosperity as a people
depends in a great measure upon the
proper management of labor- No rule
to suit every man can be made. There
are three ways that seem to be proper :
1st. Small farmers should pay wages,
as they can superintend the work and
make it profitable. 2nd. On large
plantations the cropping system should
be adopted, as it would be worse than
folly to run such farms by employing
hands for wages. But even to this
system under such circumstances there
are great and serious objections which
are obvious to all. A third and bet
ter plan than either on large planta.
tions is to adopt the tenant system.
Divide off your plantation into lots,
say of 50 acres each, having an eye to
the comfort, health and prosperity of
the tenant, then charge say 10 per
cent. interest on capital invested.
Bro. Jacob Epting-Have made
some calculations, and find that there
is more money to the landholder in
the cropping system. For instance,
say that one hand will raise 1,600 lbs.
of lint cotton and corn enough for the
mule. The cotton at 8c. per lb. will
give $128. If I feed the laborer and
pay him $65, my profits will be small
er than if I give him 2-5 of what he
makes and let him feed himself. The
hand for wages will do you much more
extra work and this should be consid
Bro. J. M. Johnstone excused him
self, but stated that figures would
show that the man who paid $65 for
wages per hand and gave rations, at
the end of the year would have no
Bro. E. P. Chalmers gave his views
at length and made some good points,
showing that be was not a novice on
the farm. Among other things he
said : If you want to sink money in
one respect hire your hands for wages,
and at the end of the year it is gone.
If you want to lose 'in another respect
adopt the cropping system and run it
on the principle which now exists
among farmers, and you will soon go
down. Hands employed for wages
keep up your place, and if properly
managed make it more productive and
thereby more valuable. Croppers run
down your place and make it less pro
ductive, and it depreciates in value.
But the dollar is more easily seen in
the latter system as it comes more di
Bro. S. A. Hunter-have but little
experience and therefore shall say but
little. Many points should be consid
ered in hiring for wages. If the hand
employed bad a family you had to
'rovide a house-a place for his wife
and children-and while the man
worked the others were idle. This is
encouraging laziness and it is wrong
to do this. There should be no idle
hands on the farm. "Idle hands find
mischief to do." "An idle brain is
the Devil's workshop."
Bro. Jno. Fellers-believes that the
correct system is to employ hands for
wages. if croppers could be worked
as he would desire, he would prefer
employing them. When he did have
them on his place he made them split
rails and do all kinds of work; but
others did not do this and general dis
satisfaction followed. Such laborers
should be made to work from Christ
mas to Christmas, but as this cannot
be done for the reason that farmers
are not united, the practice of employ
ing hands for wages is preferable.
The Grange now took a recess, and
all partook of the bountiful feast pre
pared by the kind Sisters of the Domi
nick Grange. After recess the discus
sion was resumed.
Bro. Alan Johnstone-thinks there
is too little system among farmers.
We hire first and make our prepara
tions afterwards-we trust to chances.
We are poor people-it has taken a
long time to convince us of this. In
making our calculations our minds go
back to better days-to the time when
farmers made from three to four hun
dred dollars per hand, and then we
say that we are making nothing. A
man starting from nothing can make
but little, and the little he wakes is
from his own energy. We muV be
satisfied with small profits and be will
ing to exert ourselves and endure
hardships. Judging from what has
been said we must conclude that we
are living in a very gloomy country.
Wy is this ? Do we not live on,
~ ~ aon.~ ~ Ta ie.
every one, for every one is differently
situated from his neighbor. On good
rich soil the wa.res system will pay, if
labor is empl.yed jndiciously-the
farwer is ashamed to offer what labor
is really worth, it is wort'i so little
he offers more and trusts to chances.
Have ceased to ciml-liy ha:ols for
wa;_es. On aceount of e very farmer
havig a different way of employing
and u:auaging croppers and the loose
diiipline exercised by the umajority,
it is impossible to control labor thus
employed. This is one reason why
we make so little, and we will become
poorer and poorer until a better sys
tem is generally adopted. The rent
ing system is preferable to either of
the otbers-with this you know ex
actly what you are to get before the
crop is made and can therefore live
within your income. On large plan
tations this of all others is the system
that should be adopted-with small
farmers it is quite different.
Bro. Jno. Hunter-favors the em
ploying of hands for wages; last year
owing to short crops and shorter
prices lost money at it, but previous
to that found that such hands paid
Bro. R. T. C. Hunter-been farm
ing for seven years-have employed
croppers for three of those years and
hands for wages for the other four.
Made money by the cropping system,
but lost by the other.
Bro. Jacob Mayer-have but little
experience, but the little I have is
against the wages system; hired one
boy and worked with him and found
it took all both of us made to pay his
Bro. J. T. P. Crosson-have tried
the various systems and have employed
all kinds of hands, the German, the
Frenchman, Irishman, &c. Some
hands are good and some are not and
all the systems have leaks-that for
wages gives you more control over la
bor, and this is important as you can
permanently improve your farm. The
cropping system will give you more
cash and give it to you in a shorter
time, and this is what makes it popu
lar. But the cropping system has its
drawbacks and is objectionable in
many respects. It makes the cropper
a co-partner with you and he is ready
to assume to himself the dignity of
such. He is hard to manage-you
destroy the influence you ought to
have over him-he will leave your
work and job it about to your injury
and that of his own, and you are pow
erless to control him. If compelled by
contract or otherwise to work on your
farm and no where else, while your
neighbors allow their croppers to roam
around, his work will do you but little
good, for to make work profitable it
must be done with a willing mind.
The wages system is decidedly better,
but you must watch it and push it
Bro. D. B. Kinard-own but little
land and there is nio use of employing
hands unless I would do like some,
rent land, hire hands and thcn go to
town to see where I could lean (lien).
A wan should get the best labor and
establish a reputation for being a good,
honest, fair-dealing and humane man,
and good labor will flock to him. The
comfort and health of the laborer
should not be overlooked-arrange
ments should be made for his family
so as to give them all employment, as
it is impossible for a man receiving
the wages now paid to feed and clothe
wife and children. Benefit the labor
er and you will be benefited-do a
good part by him and he will do a
good part by you and will not leave
you. The negroes are not the only
persons asking for homes and employ
ment, there are among us poor white
families, good families, that need en
couragement. Farmers should calcu
late more-count the cost before and
after any undertaking-first of all, sit
down and think how many acres you
and your family could cultivate. Of
the two systems that of cropping will
Bro. J. N. Lipscomb-have been
forced couitrary to judgment and pre
dilection to quit the wages system and
substitute therefor that of renting.
As farmers we have so much capital
invested in our business and like busi
ness men of other callings we should
find out what will give us the greatest
prosperity. The wheat growers of the
North and West can tell pretty well
what their wheat will be worth before
the crop is made. Not so with us who
raise cotton ; there is so much uncer
tainty about it, and in making our cal
culations we always base them on the
prices of the previous crop, and are
thereby deceived. If cotton briugs
Sc. per lb., in order to make it profita
ble, we must raise it for less. In our
calculations we are not only to consid
er what is sold, but also what goes into
improvements. Labor is what we
want, not a certain amount of white
man, nor negro, nor time, but labor,
and we should calculate how much a
man ought to plow, hoe, reap, &c., and
pay accordingly. If a n>an gets SI00
worth of labor out of a hand, that
hand will be cheaper to him at $100
per year than one who is hired for $60
and only does $30 worth of work. We
should also look to the character of
the laborer. Before freedom, no man
would think of purchasing just any
kind of a servant; the closest inquiries
were made after character. Now the
question of honesty, respectability, &c.,
is laid aside and we take just any.
thing into our families. The Grange
must be united, not one man out of
ten in it that ought to be-it must be
united, and like the army with all its
divisions and appliances perfectly ar
ranged, it must march on to victory.
Bro. J. S. Hair-the first thing to
be determined by the farmer is to de.
ide what he intends to do with his
place. If he wants to leave it to his
children as valuable property, then lie
should adopt the wages system. If
he wants to make money. to see it
~ntn1n~ in ranidlv without waiting
more hogs and stock of every kind,
and more attention given to the im
provement of the soil. Home looks
more like home.
This closed the discussion, and ev
ery one felt that he had learned some
By resolution, the Pomona Grange
will hold its next regular meeting in
the Hall of St. Luke's Sub. Grange.
The following resolution was adopt
ed : That we most cordially extend
our thanks to the members of Domi
nick Grange for the kind entertain
went which we have met.
The question to be discussed at next
meeting will be furnished by St Luke's
Grange, and published in due time in
Grange Column of the HERALD.
The W. M., was authorized to ap
point a committee to hear excuses of
absentees, and to publish names of
said committee in HERALD.
The labors of the day being com
pleted, the Grange was closed in due
form. J. A. SLIGH,
- See'y pro tem.
Fox TiE HERALD.
Our Washington Letter.
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
April 23, 1879.
Senator David Davis yesterday
made quite a lengthy speech in favor
of the Army appropriation bill with
the provision in it forbidding the use
of troops at the polls. Senator Davh
began his speech by asserting that he
held no allegiance to either party, but
was as emphatic as any Democrat '0
his opposition to Federal armed inter
ference with elections. Senator Bay
ard spoke the day before (Monday
and, as he always does, spoke admira
bly, the argument, in fact, has so fai
been with the Dewocracy and th de.
clamation with the other side. Since
the crafty speech of Garfield, whici
opened the House debate on the Army
bill, no new ideas have beea advanced
by the Radicals in support of Federa
interference, either through the arm3
or the civil forces, with elections
Garfield, by a cunning blending o
facts, insinuations and threat, did al
that could be done to create oppositior
to the programme agreed upon by th(
Democrats. He exhausted the am
munition of his side. The Senate de
bate on the Army bill will almost cer
tainly close this week, and Mr. Haye
will then have his chance to veto o
approve it. The Radical organ here
as if fearing he will approve, has com.
menoed to warn him. If Mr. Haye
were a thin-skinned man, his positior
during the alternate bull-dozing and
cajoling of Republican party leaders
would be painful to nim.
Monday was the first unobstrueted
"bill day" of the session, and it was
improved by the presentation of some
1,400 bills. These embraced those
the last Congress failed to act on final
ly, and many new ones. A large pro
portion related to the finances.
There is a rule of the Senate whiell
requires the assent of the presidina
offeer to any change among the su
bordinate offiers of that body. Mr.
Wheeler went away, and thus escaped
responsibility. Mr. Thurman pre
siding temporarily, is disinclined tc
assume responsibility, and so, when.
ever the question of removal and ap
pointment comnes up, the Senate post
pones action. This farce has beer
going on for several days. One day
Mr. Wallace, who moved the necessa
ry change in the rules, is absent, and
the next day Mr. Edmunds. who of.
fered an amendment to the motion of
Mr. Wallace, is absent. The wholi
subject is not worth the time spent on
it. Common sense teaches us that a
legislative body, or any other body
doing business, should have offeers in~
sympathy with those who will be held
responsible for that business. Mr.
Thurman should overcome the sensi
tiveness which prevents action, and
the Democratic Senators should gc
J. W. Harris, of Henderson, Texas,
says: "My daughter had the Third.
'day Ague for sever:al months, her case
baffed all treatment. I was in des.
pair ; Da. HARTER'S FEVER AND
AGUE PILLs was recommended to me,
my daughter commenced using them,
and before she had used all of the
P'lls, she was cured.*
For sale by all Druggists. Dowie
& Moise, Wholesale Agents, Charles
ton, S. C.
April 17, 1879, by Rev. R. N. Pratt, Mr. R.
THOWNrEY SMITH, of Greenville, to Miss
FANNxIE S..MHON, of Cokesbary.
NEWBBRT, S. C., A pr. 26, 1879.
List of advertised letters for week ending
April 26, 1879:
Byans, James Robertson, W. L.
Davis, Charlie Tanney, Tonny J.
Hlalestock, Dennis Thomson, John
Kenerdy, Filup Williams, Thomas
Long, Miss Polly Wilson, Scott
Parties calling for letters will please say
if advertised. R. W. BOONE, P. M.
Avery's Walking Gultivator, four plows.
Avery's Double-foot, iron, plow.
Avery's " " wood, plow.
Avery's Single, wood and iron, plow.
Avery's Garden Plow.
At prices that any farmer can buy.
Call on COPPOCK & JOHNSON.
A pr. 30, 18-tf.
TO HOLDERS OF PAST DUE SCHOOL
The undersigned Commissioners, ap
pointed by His Excellency the Governor,
in accordance with an act entitled "An Act
to provide for the funding of the bona fide
past due sc;.o,, claims of NewberryCounty,
and for the payment of the same," ap
proved Dec. 24, 1878, will meet at New
berry, C. H., ON THE SiXTH DAY OF
MAY NEXT, at 11 o'clock, A. M., and re
main in session thirty days.
A rsonns holding past dae school
.ew r .lMsceUaneous.
To Raise Supplies for the
Town of Newberry, for the
Yar of Our Lord One Thou
sand Eight Hundred and
Seventy-Nine, and for other
Purposes Therein Mention
SIC-TION 1. Be it ordained by the Town
Council of Newberry, S. C, and by the au
thority of the samo, That all real estate
owned or possessed within the corporate
limits of rhe Town of Newberry, shall be
subject to a taxation of twenty cents on
every hundred dollars of the value thereof
as fixed by this ordinance; provided, that
lands used exclusively for agricultural pur
pobes shall be exemDm from such taxation.
The value of said real estate for the pur
poses of taxation under this ordinance is
hereby declared to be that fixed in pursu.
ance of the laws of this State for taxation
for State and County purpozes.
SECTION 2. And it is further ordained by
the authority aforesaid, That a tax of one
fifth of one per centum shall be levied on
the ad valorem value of all merchandise
and all other personal property on hand on
the first day of May, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sev
enty-nine; provided, however, that there
shall be levied upon each Pleasure Car.
riage, Barouche, Buggy, Omnibus, Dray,
Cart. and Wagon used for hire or pub.
lic employment within the corporate
limits, on the said first day of May,
A. D. 1879, a tax of two dollars in lieu
of the general ta -ided in this sec
tion. For the 1, ..a of taxation no
der this section, every person, during the
time hereinafter fixed, shall make return
under oath of the property, owned by such
person,*subject to taxation under this sec.
tion, and the property so subject to taxa
tion is declared to be that which is subject
to taxation under the lairs of this State for
State-send County purposes.
SECTION S. And be it further ordained,
That the taxes levied under this odinance
shall be, and they are hereby declared to
be payabre from the first day of May to the
1st day of June, in-the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and seventy
nine, and that the returns required in -see
tion two of this ordiaance shall be made
during the same time. And in case of fail
ure ot any person to comply with the pro
visions of this ordinance within the time
aforesaid, the pains and penalties which by
the laws of this State on the subject of tax
ation attach in cases of similar failure un
der said laws, shall attach and be strictly
enforced in the same manner as though the
same were specifically set forth in thi qr
Done and ratified under the Corporate Seal
of the Town of Newberry, S. C., on this
the twenty-eighth day of April. in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and seventy-nine.
J. P. POOL, Intendant.
In.compliance with the above ordinance,
I will be found at the office: of the Town
Coucil conerof Boyce and Nance Streets,
p. in., from 1st to 81st 1May,
C. B. BUIST, T. C..
Apr. 80, 18-tf.
CREENVILLE, S. C.
IFRIDAY EVENING, MAY 2nd, 1879.
Classic aid Operatic Concert
PROF. N. G. DeCAIPS ANB PURPIS,
Fo ithe Benefit of the Sunday Schools.
Chorus-" 'Tis May upon the mountaIz'
Piano Duet-"Die Wiesse Dame," (Overture
VocalDnet-"O! lov'd I "...........V
Piano Duet-"Calio ".BoilMie
Vocl rio"S ilFrtel' ......Belisari
Vocal Solo-"Pm a merry Zlgar ;
Vocal Duet-"Drift my bark," (Barcaroll
Vocal Solo-"In the calmness,"
Romeo and J
Vocal Trio-"Chi me frena,"
Lucia di Lammerm
Solo and Chorus-"Thou art our Pather
Piano Solo-Moonlight Sonata.. .Beeth
Vocal Duet-"Home to our mountains,
Vocal Solo-."Bobert tol que j'aime,"
Piano Duet-Symphony in D major..
Vocal Duet-"G~ood Nih1My Love,"
Solos, Trio and Chorus-"Charity"..
Vocal Solo-"Mer'e dilette,"
Chorus-"Solder's Coa, Guo
Admission, 25c.; Reserved Seats, 35c. Re
served Seats can be secured at Dr. Dargan's
Bookstore. Doors open at 7 o'clock. Con
cert to commence at 8. Apr. 30, IS-it.
Notice to Creditors of Laurens
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA-RICH
LAND COUNTY.-LN THE COMMON
James S. Gibbes,. Complainant, vs. The
Greenville & Columbia Rail Road Com
pany, et. al, Defendants.
Pursuant to a decreta! order made by
the Hon. Thomas Thomson, Presiding in
the Common Pleas for Rich land County,
March Term, 1879, ad dated the 17th day
of April, 1879, 1, the ndersigned Master,
do hereby give notice to all holders of the
Bonds and Coupons secured by the Trust
Deed from the Greenville & Columbia Bail
Road Company to James Conner, Isaac
Hlayne, George D. Bryan, Trustees, to prove
their Bonds and Coupons before me at my
office, in Columbia, S. C.,.on or before the
first day of June next, or be barred all ben
efit under she decretal order above referred
to. NATHANIE~L B. BARNJWELL,
Master for Rad Countyi.
Apr. 18, 1879. - ~18-65.
The subscriber having purhsd the
Hearse and entire stock of Castetaan Cof
fins of Estate of C. M. Harris,' dcased, is
prepared to conduct the businessk all its
branches AT THLE VERY LOWEST
A full line of Itetalic, Rosewood and
Walnut Coffins and Caskets always on hand.
Will personally superintend the prepara
tion of graves, building of vaults, using im
their construction best hydraalic cement,
rendering them perfectly waterproof.
All orders promptly attended to day ~
Office in rear of Leavell & Speers' Marble'
Ap.L. M. SPEERS.
All persons are hereby warned against
hiring any one or all the below named la
hnrern: Peeston Duckett and Charlie Satter