Newspaper Page Text
THOS. F. GRENEKER, EDITOR.
W. H. WALLACE. '
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WR,DNESDAY, AUG. 6, 1879.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
Thd Herald is in the highest respect a Fai
1ly Newspaper, devoted to the material in
terests of the people of this County and t he
State. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertising ime(ium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
An Editor's Work.
If any one imagines an editor
has an easy time he is far from it.
There is no rest for him. Day after
day and week after week he is ran
sacking his brain for something to
write, or for something to write
about. No sooner is one issue got
out than the "deN'l" begins to yell
for "more copy," and sick or well,
drunk or sober, the poor editor
must supply it : the copy has got
to come somehow, and there is no
putting it off till to-morrow or next
day. No wonder that many break
down. The strangest thing about
editors is that they don't all commit
suicide. Sam'l Clements (Mark
Twain), who has had a good deal of
experience in editing newspapers,
thus speaks of an editor's work:
"Nobody, except he has tried,
knows what it is to be an editor.
It is easy to scribble local rubbish,
with the facts all before you ; it is
easy to clip selections from other
papers; it is easy to string out a cor
respondence from any locality; but
it is unspeakable hardship to write
editorials. Subjects are the trouble
-the dTeary lack of them, I mean.
Every day, it is drag, drag, drag
think, and- worry and suffer-all the
world'is a dull blank, and yet the
,-6ditorial columns must be filled.
Only give the editor a subject, and
his work is done-it is no trouble
to write it up ; but fancy how you
would feel if you had to pump your
brains day after day in the week,
fifty-two weeks in the year. It
makes one low spirited simply to
think of it. The matter that each
editor of a daily paper in America
writes in the course of a year would
fill from four to eight bulky quarto
volumes! Fancy what a library an
editor's work would make, after
twenty or thirty years' ser vice. Yet
people often marvel that Dickens,
Scott, Bulwer, Dumas, etc., have
been able to produice so many
-books. If these authors had wrought
as voluminously as newspaper edit
ors do, the result would b'e some
thing to marvel at, indeed. How
editors can continue this tremen
dous labor, this exhausting con
sumption of brain fibre (for their
work is creative, and not a merely
mechanical laying-up of facts, like
reporting) day after day and year
after year, is incomprehensible."
Yellow Fever Notes.
W. W. Corcoran, of Washington,
has sent a $2,000 check to Mem
phis to aid in removing the poor
from the city.
Yellow Jack does not stop hiss
ing and marrying, and the nimble
pistol has not forgotten its cunning:
Frank Beamish was shot and killed
by C. B. Hamner the 30th olt., for
kissing Hamner's aunt-it is not
stated whether he kissed his sisters
and his cousins, too, but it is pre
sumed that he did.
Last week there were marriage
licenses taken out by twenty cou
pIes in Memphis.
The Yellow Fever still continues
at Memphis, though in a modified
form. Only four or five are dying
per day. The fever has not broken
out anywhere else.
The Georgia Legislature has
passed a law which is aimed at
speculations in "futures"; it makes
such contracts illegal and void.
Capt. F. W. Dawson, Editor of
the Charleston Nems and Courier,
has gone to Europe for a tovr of
War is rather an expensive luxu
ry. The Zulu war has already cost
What a screamer ! is a tribute often
paid to a crying baby, but Dr. Bull's
Baby Syrup by alleviating the pains
of the little one soon stops the crying.
DEATH OF AN OLD COUPLE.-TWo
old colored servants-A dam and Cloie
Garlington-man and wife, died near
this place on last Sunday ; aged near
one hundred years-the former ninety.
nine, and the latter afew years young
er. This old couple were owned for a
number of years by the late John
Garlington, and were freed as his pro
perty at the close of the war. They
died within a few hours of each other
-the man at 9 o'clock in the morn
ing, and the woman at the same hour
on the evening of same day.
F T ~ - 77 r7m.~7,7 (
'FOR THE HERALD.
The common School System of
Our second reason for believing that
the State should support and develop
the "Common Free School System"
was, that she is essentially pledged to
It is unfortunately too true, that
dishonesty of every kind has become a
very common, matter-of fact, every
day affair amongst our people; and
"Vice is a monster of such frightful mien
That, to be bated, needs but to be seen;
Bat seen too oft, familiar with her face,
We first endure, then pity, then embrace."
Nevertheless, we ask every true
lover of his country, whether this fes
teri.ng corpse of dishonesty should not
now at length be buried, and the moral
pestilence arrested, if possible; or
shall we rather go on adding infamy
to infamy to the great amazement of
our latest posterity ?
Only a few years ago, our leading
politicians, sustained by all the peo
pie, repeatedly pledged their solemn
words of honor (?), "That this 'Com
mon Fiee School System' should be
fully developed, and remain forever
fostered by the State." Subsequently,
the press has been heralding that fact
(as a virtue), and parading a partial
fulfillment of those pledges all over the
world-perhaps, now however, only as
a remarkable occurrence of the 19th
century! Now, in view of these facts,
shall we, by our worse than Cretan
falsehood and faithlessness, sustain
any itching politician or loquacious
old granny in an effort to plunge our
oative State into the foul cesspool of
infamy again ? Or shall we not rather
try to elevate her to that proud peer.
age of the past, when King-Arthur
like "she reverenced her conscience
as her king" ? Those that rashly an
swer the former of these two questions
in the affirmative, try to plead the ne
cessity that then existed for such a
promise, in order to rescue the State ;
but they ignore several material cir
cumstances which invalidate such a
pleading, to-wit :
1st. The fulfillment of those pledges
will not prove an injury, but a mate
rial benefit, both directly and indi.
rectly, to the State.
2nd. Promises made even to a rob.
ber should be faithfully kept, when no
injury will thereby be inflicted upon
any party whatever.
3d. The occasional howl of a child
less miser, at the extraction of a little
money for the educational benefit of
the country, should be considered less
weighty than the constant cries of a
violated faith, and its ensuing stigma
of infamy eternal.
4th. If such falsehood should now
be proclaimed as S~tate policy in the
past, what guarantee have the common
poor people now, that you, great pic
nic and fireside statesmen who are now
so glibly undertaking to falsify your
words in the past, are not now pursu
ing that same policy of falsehood, and
endeavoring, all your protestations to
the contrary notwithstanding, to
abridge their liberties even to the un
speakable degradation of essential
5th. But, even if the fulfillment of
those pledges should militate against
the haughty insolence of a purse
proud, faithless, aristocracy, still the
same should be pressed on in good
faith to completion ; because the ad
miration and respect of the whole
world, which is now very properly
watching us with eagerness and hope,
will no doubt console and recompense
us in a thousand different ways for
whatever loss we may suffer, just so
soon as we shall have demonstrated to
their satisfaction, that, "Though good
faith should have been banished from
all the rest of the earth, she has still
retained her habitation in the breast
of South Carolina." For these five
reasons, these pledges should be kept.
Our third reason for believing that
the "Common Free School System"
should be maintained and developed
by the State was, "In republics at
least, ignorance is the fruitful mother
of crime and anarchy; and the same,
therefore, should be suppressed by the
Every honest man-we expect no
thing good of the rest-will doubtless
readily admit the truth of the follow
ing propositions :
1st. Every government that merits
m existence should legislate in behalf
>f its perpetuity and honor. This
Common Free School System"should,
herefore, be sustained by tho State,
11l that ceaseless obstinacy to the con
2nd. It has been constantly con
;ended-and principally too, we be
ieve, by those very Solons who are
row so strangely advocating the demo
ition of this "Common Free School
system"-"that the most, if not all,
f our past danger and degradation as
abolished, its enemies themselves be
3d. It will probably remain the policy
of the country to put ondy those edu
cated into office; consequently, an ex
clusion from an education is precisely
equivalent to an exclusion from oflice.
Therefore, every patriot and poor man
should see that this "Common Free
School System" is sustained by the
State, the persevering efforts of every
insolent aristocrat and rich office-seek
er who "would rather rule in hell than
serve in heaven," to the contrary not
4th. It is, "in the long run," cheap.
er, more efficacious, and, in every way,
better to dig up the very rootstock of
crime and lawlessness, which is igno
rance, than to continue spending time
and money in Cutting off its outshoots.
Therefore, even in a merely economi
cat point of view, this "Common Free
School System" should be sustained
by the State.
5th. This State education should be
regarded, not as a public .poil to be
wrangled about and fought over, but
as a public measure for the preserra
tion and prosperity of the State-for
the better protection of every man's
person and the greater enhancement,
pecuniarily, of every man's property.
Therefore, in the interest of common
reason at least, we should hear much
less of that silly nonsense about one
party's receiving a much greater bene
fit than another, We shall probably
have something more to say under
this head in our next article.
6th. A. is a poor man who has re.
cognlized the binding law of creation
has married and become the father of
8 or 10 children; has worked dili
gently from daylight to dark fur many
long. venry years; has spent his sub.
stance in furnishing citizens to serve
the State "in war and in peace"; and
now, consequently, has not enough,
perhaps, to bury him with decency.
Living, he was a pillar in the domes.
tic, social, religious, and politic:4 fib
ric; dying, he leavcs behind him the
memory of a well-spent life, "to ani
mate the bosom of his dceendanrts."
B, on the other hand, is a muiser,
who sets every law of creation at d:fi
ance, spurn3 the matrimonial relation.
ship, is legitimately childless, auu a
"veritable stumbling block and ca:use
of offence" to every institution azumnst
us tending to render our people hmmrr
able, peaceful, and profitable Citizens.
"Living, he forreits fair renown,
And, doubly dying, shall go down
To the vile dust, from which he sprang,
Unwept, unhonored and unsung."
What is true in the widest sense is
true also in a restricted sense ; there
fore, it follows :That a poor man who
has left the example of a good life to
those around him, and the lcgacy of
five or ten honest, industrious, citizens
to the State. deserves, and should re
ceive, at least as much official consid
eration as that childless miser who will
leave. nothing good behind him but
his bags of gold. Therefore, this
"Common Free School System" should
not be abolished, even though some
rich man should occasionally receive
less tuition than he paid for.
Again, the 1st, the 2nd, and the
4th of these propositions arc now very
specially commended to the notice of
all those that regard the "Common
Free School System" as a tax without
any commensurate benefit therefrom;
the 3d, to the careful consideration of
every poor man who now foolishly
meditates assisting in the expulsion of
even his own helpless children from
the priceless inheritance of an educa
tion; the 5th, to the continued atten
tion of every class of people; and the
6th, to the prayerful consideration of
all those that can see no utility except
in the acquisition of money, and that
would, conseqjuently, legislate solely
with reference to men's pecuniary
FoR THE llERALD.
NRWnElmY, S. C., August 4, 1879.
In pm-snance to a call by John B.
Carwile and other Superintendents,
delegates elected by the different Sun
day Schools met at Young Men's Chris
tian Association Hall and opened an
informal meeting by electing John 0.
Peoples, Chairman, and A, C. Jones,
On motion, a committee of five was
appointed, consisting of D. B. Wheeler,
J. B. Carwile, John 0. Peoples and
J. N. Martin, to request the different
Sunday Schools of the County to send
representatives here for the purpose of
organizing a County Sunday School
Convention. The committee was au
thorized to name the number of dele
gates, time and place of meeting, etc.
The following were elected as dele
gates to the State Convention, which
eets in Spartanburg August 20th:
Delegates-Rev. J. Hawkins, Thos.
. Greneker, Dr. Wmn. M. Dorrohi.
Alternates-Rev. J. C. Boyd, D. B.
Wheeler. John B. Carwile.
Sunday School Superintendents are
requested to furnish John 0. Peoples,
hairman, statistics of their schools for
the use of delegates at the State Con
vntn. All1 na to be brough+ in by
NEWBERRY, S. C.,
Aug. 2nd, 1879.
To the Xembers of Newberry Pomo
na Grange :
I am glad to inform you that every
arrangement has been made for the
meeting of Pomona Grange at Bush
River on the 22nd of this mouth,
and a full turn out of all members is
earnestly requested, as I am confident
all will be interested in the proceed
ings, and hospitably and generously
entertained. All the neighbors are
respectfully. invited to come out, as
we will have a public address by the
W. N. of State Grang-e, and, also, to
take part in our discussion, as the sub
ject will he of great interest to all
I lave been urged to request that
all Sub. Granges send full delegaticns
to our Summer Meeting at Chester,
on the 12th of August. Fare on all
Rail Roads will be 3 cents per mile
each way, except the Air Line R. R.,
which will be full fare on going and
return free upon proper certificate.
J. S. HAIR,
Master Newberry Pomona Grange.
Newberry Poimonia Grame.No. 4
ST. LUKE'S, July 11, 1879.
The Grange opened in due form by
W. M., J. S. Hair. In the absence
of the W. 0. and W. T., Bros. Jacob
Epting and J. C. H. Rauch were ap
pointed to those offices pro ten.
The Roll of Subordinate Granges
being called, a quorum was found to
be present, when the Grange proceed
ed to business.
Bros. J. A. Mayer, from High
Point, and J. W. Folk, from Pomaria,
were duly enrolled as members.
Account of W. S. for $3.60, and
Newberry HERALD. $3.00, for pub
lishing Tribute of Respect to Bro. J.
P. Aull, dee'd., approved and ordered
By request-Bro. J. N. Lipscomb,
W. M. State Grange, explained the
duties of-Executive Committees.
The W. M. announced that the 5th
degree would bc conferred at night
upon all applicants, when Bros. E. J.
Lake, J. W. Folk and J. A. Mayer
Bro. Thos. W. IIolloway called the
attention of the Grange to the Sum
muer Meeting of the State Grange, to
be held at Chester in August, and the
desire of that Grange that this Grange
should send up suggestions as to sub
jects of interest to farmers and
Granges for discussion.
The W. M. ruled that any member
of this Grange, whose Subordinate
Grange is more than twelve months in
arrears for dues, can retain their mem
bership in this Grange by making ap
plication, provided the Grange vote
favorably thereou-this ruling only to
apply to those who live more than
seven miles from a working Subordi
nate Grange. If the member lives
within seven miles of a working
Grange, he must unite with such (in
case his own cannot be revived), and
the failure to comply with this ruling
will sever his or her membership and
the name of such will be stricken from
An invitation from High Point
Grange to hold the next regular meet
ing at its hall was received and ac
cepted. Subject for discussion
"Should the emigration of the negro
from this country be encouraged"
unless the Grange shall conclude to
change the subject, and if so, notice -
to be given through the Grange Col
umn of the Newberry HERALD.
The Grange then took a recess of
one hour for dinner, to meet after re
cess with open doors.
After recess the Grange resumed its
sitting in the School House, beneath
the Grange Hall, and proceeded to the
discussion of the stated question, viz :
Should the State educate her children,
or, in other words, is free public edu
cation a benefit to the country.
The discussion opened by Bro. R.
T. C. Hunter, Lecturer of St. Luke's
Grange-Thinks the State ought to
educate her children, and that the
public school system is advantageousa
to the whole people ; that it is nothing1r
but just to tax property for this pur
pose ; that wherever universal suffrage e
prevails universal education is a primea
necessity, and there is no way to ob- a
tain this except by the free public sys- Ij
temn; and, again , general education is s
certainly of value to the State, because o
it increases the value of property, and t
increases her prosperity; for instance,
take two pieces of land, all other i
things being equal, and that in an in- fi
telligent and educated community will a
sell for a great deal more than that in
anignorant and rude neighborhood.- t
Again there is a certain community ofi
interest which demands this from pro-J t
perty, for in times of trouble the poor i
as well as the rich must protect and a
defend alike, and property must orb
ught to remunerate in some way. o
Dur system is no criterion, though if i,
properly carried out would certainly a
be of benefit. C
The Rev. Mr. Bowles being present, o:
lthough not a Granger, was called on, Ia:
and said : Thought only members par- y
icipated, and was not prepared, but p
ould say that I heartily favor a pub- w
ie school system. The masses must ca
be educated in order to elevate them, ii
and this can only be done through the la
ublic schools, for the poor are not o1
ble, and if left to them their children et
ould remain ignorant. Thle rich who ei
ave money and power would educate 01
heir children, which would give them ii
uch advantage over the masses as to p<
lace them in all positions of honor sc
and emolument. Every one who has ta
the right to vote ought to have suffi- ai
.oor receive compensation for public
luties performed. Think there should
,e sufficient tax levied to run the
chools ten mouths in the year. Don't
ike our system because there is not
noney enough ; under the present
vorkings the schools are only open for
2 or 8 months when they overflow,
ifter that no school can he raised.
Believe that parents should be forced
to send their children to school for a
ertain period, as in some of the most
-nlightened Eastern countries. Op
posed to any half way system ; raise
the tax sufficiently to run the schools
ten months in each year, and self in
terest would force the taxpayers to
educato their children, and in a few
years we would have an educated mass,
1nd our people would wake up to the
importance of education.
Bro. Thos. W. Holloway agrees
with Hunter and Bowles.
Bro. J. A. Sligh-The subject is
important, but has two sides, have not
rully decided ; don't like the idea of
compulsion under free government
imacks of monarchy-and don't be
ieve it would succeed here; it does
in Germany aid other Monarchical
Governments; but this is a Republic
and we don't like to be dictated to as
to whether we shall send our children
to school or not. If the question were
alone, should the State educate her
children, my answer would be yes ;
but the mode should be discussed in
its m)inutim,. Not in favor of the sys
emn of this State : instead of a benefit
it has been a curse, the tax being
;quandered and misapplied has led a
great many to not send their children
to school. Our people are waking up
to this subject, because they see that
the negro is about to outstrip them in
this matter. Would like a system
perfectly carried out, but doubt very
much whether more tax should be
evied or money appropriated. Our
people are poor, and although the taxes
are much lower than a few years ago,
they are too high yet. Don't know
whether the schools ought to be open
ten months or not, most of farmers re
juire the labor of their children on
the farm-they have to help make a
upport and pay taxes. You may say
it will redound to the honor of the
tate, enhance the value of property,
&c.; but I tell you it will have to be
by some other system than ours; it
won't do, education is less general
ow than before the war. I think
3verybody should be educated. I
want to see the time when every far
er's son and daughter too shall be
ducated-not for professions, but as
armers; when every farm house in
ill this land can furnish a Legislator;
when they shall not be merely hewers
f stone and drawers of water, but
hall assist in intelligently directing
he affairs of Governmtent, Church, and
ill things that pertain to the welfare
f the people. We have a large class
>f ignorant voters, and ignorance will
lways cause trouble; but can they be
~ducated so as to appreciate the right
hey enjoy, and the responsibilities of
~heir position is a question for serious
~onsideration. Although our system
s bad, yet, perhaps, the best thing
ve can do is to continue the appro
riations and try to make the system
anear perfect as possible, but don't
.ncrease the appropriations-many
id it impossible to pay taxes low as
:bey are; and another thing, the State
)ly bears the light expense of tuition,
while the parent has the burthen of
upport to bear. Induce immigration,
ower taxes, pass good and wholesome
aws, make the country prosperous
mnd everybody will educate their chil
Iren, and the cry "give us free public
schools" will not be heard in the land.
Bro. J. R. Irwin-Coincides with
Bro. E. J. Lake-Think Bro. Sligh
Bro. J. Wesley Folk-I have been
Sclose observer of schools for 40 years
-educated all my children before the
var. I think Public Schools ought
o be open 5 months in the year, say
om 1st December to 1st March, and
>y that means give farmers the chance
o send their children to school in
vinter, and have their work in sum
ner. That was the plan when I was a
Bro. M. Werts-I think our system
ad, it is too complicated and expen
ive, we are a poor people. Education
as ever been esteemed by Philosphers
nd Legislators as a source of happi
ess, and that by it the ship of State
s successfully guided, and the shackles
f ignorance and vice thrown off. I
mn in favor of public schools, provided
successful plan can be matured, but
unhesitatingly denounce the present
ystem as not suited to the wants of
ur people. Bro., Folk's plan seems
o be good, try it for 6 months and
:ive the other 6 to the farm. I think
0 many teachers apply. Let trustees
x pay, and number of schools, and
tesignate place of holding them.
Bro. J. N. Lipscomb-This ques
ion instead of two has a hundred sides,
is the biggest question now before
be people. We can't decide it. There
no telling the value of education to
man or a people. Education should.
e not only mental but physical, not
nly intellectual but moral-the mere
atellectual without the moral is per.
icious and always leads to crime.
Aur people do recognize the importance
this matter; you may say that we
re not alive to this subject, but I tell
o we are. Show mec any unlettered
rson of 40, and I will show you one
-ho would give SI100,000 for an edu
tion if he could. I tell you there is
o use of any legislation, compulsory
s, or anything else needed to wake
2r people educate their children, (ex
apt the ability to do so.) Why cv
-ybody knows we can 't prosper with
t it. It is no use to talk abojt its
aportance, it is a slander on the good
~ople of this County and State to as.
rt that they arc asleep to the advan
ges of education. I don't believe in
tything that tends to give Govern
tion. Where will the principle stop.
Very soon Government will dictate
the kind of books our children shall
study. and whether those books shall
he Catholic or Protestant. I contend
that Government has as much right
to enforce certain religions opinions as
to force education, and although it
lms not dared to do so, yet if you give
it the power to do one it opens the
way for the other; it has no more
right to do one than the other. And
again, is it possible to have public
schools and not corrupt the people ?
T:,ke, for instance, the workings of the
late war. Why, sirs, in the begin.
ning, whenever there was a call for
volunteers, and it was advertised that
on a certain day there would be a
neeting at Dominick's or Jalapa, for
the purpose of rai6ing a company ev
erybody came, and from 16 to 70 they
volunteered, and there was none so
craven as to stay away; but when the
Government undertook to put all in
by conscription, what was the result ?
You know very well, every man dodged
out who could, and what before had
been considered a manly duty became
to be considered a servile service.
Just so with education, let the Gov
ernment undertake to educate the
children, it can only do so much and
no more, and I tell you that when the
2 or 3 imonths schools have ended, the
money having been exhausted, nine
tenths of the fathers and mothers will
stop right there, and leave the matter
to Government and children. In re
ference to school tax. All the poll
tax and the two mills constitutional
tax are devoted to schoolq, but the ex
pense don't stop there. You pay the
State Superintendent of Education
$2,100, his clerk $1,500, his contin
gent fund $500, insurance on the
University $1,600, Librarian to the
University $500, Claflin University
$7,500, Cedar Springs $1.500, Bever
ly Nash's Normal School $1,500, be
sides in this County you pay an addi.
tional tax to pay off past due school
claims. I tell you that the taxes paid
on ac6ailnt of public schools now is
more than all the combined expenses
of the Government beside, Guberna
torial, Judicial, Legislative, Executive
and all. Bro. Sligh touched a point
I have seen all over this land, the ma
jority of our people can not and dare
not send their children from 6 to 16
to school, they are obliged to keep
them at home to make crops; money
has to be raised to pay taxes, and
without their labor the tax can't be
paid, for agriculture governs all
things; .increase taxation and our peo
ple will not be able to pay it. If you
could take away the tales for schools,
you would soon see nice white school
houses every 5 miles-it would come.
Have compulsory education and the
Government will teach what it likes,
and farmers will have less influence
then th an now, and they have less now
than any other class. Legislators
pander to Phosphate Companies, Rail
Roads and other moneyed corporations,
but never to farmers. If Government
can devise sompe schemeo that will
lighten taxation, and about 1,000
other ifs, then I will listen to many ifs.
Bro. Sligh-How much will it take
to run the schools ?
B3ro. Lipseomb-1,400,000 for one
year according to estimate. And I
tell you that until that Utopian period
whidh we have read about comes there
will be peculation whenever large
amounts of money are expended under
our system. The millennium has not
come, and our friends arc preaching
doctrine today which a few years ago
was unheard among our own people.
Public schools work against the inhe
rent rights of the citizen.
Bro. J. T. P. Crosson-Oan't the appro
priations be reduced ?
Bro. Lipscomb-Will answer by saying,
first, that your Legislature, last session,
raised the salary of the State Superinten
dent from $1,600 to $2,100. Second, the
Legislature is sworn to abide by the Con
stitution; the system cap't be perfected,
but it can be improved, but not so long as
we have such Legislation. We need a
Gonvention to remodel the whole thing.
Bro. D. Ruff-Am opposed to the free
school system; it has never been of any
benefit in our community.
Bro. Jacob Epting-Can't comprehend
the first clause of query. As to the second,
say that the public school system has been
of very little benefit in our settlement. We
have become disgusted with the thing
brough the incompetency and impoliteness
of ignorant negro School Commissioners.
I don't think it is just for negroes to be ed
ucated with white men's money ; they
wouldn't work roads because they had no
wagons to run over them. Our children
have to work in the field while negroes go
to school. I am not opposed to theiir hav
ng education, but I am opposed to their
being educated by the labor of myself, my
hildren, and my neighbors' children. There
s plenty of tax now and too much.
Bro. J. A. Mayer-I am not in favor of
ublic schools. I get no benefit from it.
egroes get it all.
Bro. Geo. Dominick--I am in favor of
verybody educating the'r own children.
B3ro. A. J. Kilgore-Can't say much in
avor of public schools-think the system
hould be abolished.
W. M., J. S. 11air-I think it a duty to
ducate, but I don't thinik the public school
ystem is just. My idea is that the taxes
aid by whites should be applied to the ed
cation of unfortunate white people ; that
he taxes paid by negroes should be ap
plied to negro education. I have no ob
ection to the education of negroes, but be
ieve it tends to crime. After going to
chool they think themselved too good to
ork and live by hook and crook. Whr,
t least one-third of the money gathered
y negroes for the last two months has
een by depredating on the fields of the
eighborhood gathering blackberries. The
ystem should be inquired into, and if we
re obliged to adopt it, it should be made
s near perfect as possible ; there has been
too much ignorance among officials as well
s the people in regard to its workings,]
ud a pertinent question now is, where is
he money that for several years has been
~ollected for that purpose ? I think if peo
le were forced to send to school it would
e infringing on their rights as free men,
Lnd would be a long stride toward centrali
All having been called on, the following.
;entlemen made some remarks in reply :
Mr. Bowles-It is not the public school
ystemi that grinds, but the taxes; people
ose sight of national good in selfish motive.
hhy, sir, the tax of fatshion is ten times as
~reat as the whole governmental, school, ~
rn l te ae.Th itk snti
adalohersm bt iave Too miake icerot i
so eve+am hnt in havine tan m.no amoore 'l
country, 3 will hurt sone, and if so why
don't. they do away with the whole thing.
It is not the fault of the system, but of the
people ; i it ha- done no good it is their
Brn. Lipqcomb-The Legislature can't be
wrong in carrying uu tLhe provisions of the
Constitution. The people do fteel the taxes.
I have advocated evilling a tonstirutional
Gonvention fir.:t, last and at all times
Jiro. Siigh--I can't say cl.t I ai oppased
to free schools, but am to compelling pa
rents to send to school; it is a bad spirit
and antagonistic t.o Deinoeratic principlo'.
I al opposed to any discrimination ; let all
come in, we are all citizens ; let rich aid
poor come in alike in the share of tihe be:i
efits, everything free for all alike. la re
f eence to foreign countries, ihey, perh:..ps,
are not so piosperous as we think. Skep
ticism is rainpant. Compulsory education
is a dangerous power-too much power to
be given even to the Demoemiatic Party.
Bro. Lipscomb - If N k pattern after one
foreign we must pattern after all, Germany,
Italy, France, Russia, &c., &c. And again,
if the University is opened, as is asked for
by some, it will take $50,000 dollars, and
you must pay it, dollar for dollar, then
Newberry, Due West, Wofford and other
Colleges Nill be gone. There is no coer
cion necessary, people appreciate :ind will
attend to this matter. Take the Phosphate
,Royalty and study it out in all its phases
and you find a fit illustration of the work
ings of the public school system.
Mr. Bowles-I wish to make some solemn
remarks. Perhaps there are some present
who, having heard me express my opinion
at other times, are surprised at the position
takeni by me in the argument to-day, there
fore I wish to make an explanation. I un
derstood this discussion to be for the bene
fit of the people. I came to hear it, and in
order to bring out the strongest argument
of the opponents of the public school sys
tern I have argued in their favor. I now
declare that I am opposed, in toto, to the
whole public school system and think it
ought to be abolished.
Bro. Edwards, from -- Grange, in
Edgefield, said-I came from Edgefield to
see and hear how you were getting on, and
let me say I Am well pleased and am fully
Here the discussion closed, and the
Grange took a recess until 8; o'clock this
At half past 8 o'clock P. M. the Grange
resumed its sittings with closed doors.
Opened in the 5th Degree, and conterred
that degree on Bros. J. W. Folk, J. A.
Mayer and E J. Lake.
Grange then closed in 5th and opened in
4th degree, and transacted the following
Resolved, That the thanks of this Grange
be returned to St. Luke's Grange and the
citizens generally, for the kind hospitality
shown us at this meeting.
On motion, Ordered that we have a Call
Meeting of this Grange at Bush River
Church, on Friday before the 4th Sunday
in August next, at 10 o'clock A. M. Sub
ject for discussion : The best grasses for
winter and summer pasture for stock.
On motion, Ordered that the Chairman
of the Executive Committee select a memn
ber of this Grange to prepare an essay on
one of the growing crops, to he read at the
On motion, Ordered that the W. S: for
ward to the Ex:ecutive Committee of the
State Grange the four following subjects
for discussion at the Summer Meeting at
1st. Rail Road transportation and the
management of Rail Roads in South. Caro
2nd. The importance of clearing out the
streams, and thus e-eouragtng fish culture,
as well as its benefit to the health of the
2d. The best grasses for winter and sum
mer pasture for atock.
4th. The best mode or manner of restor
ing dormant Granges.
There being no other business,-at 11 P.
M. the Grange adjourned in due form.
J. F. KILGORE, W. S.
FOR THE HERALD,
Our Washington Letter.
.WAsHINGTON, D. C.,
July 30, 1879.
A bout every prominent Republican
in Pennsylvania seems to be a candi
date for appointment as Minister to
Great Britain. I doubt not all of
themi will receive "satisfactory assur
ances" from Mr. Hayes, who has
never been known to deprive any one
of the blessed boon of hope until an
pointment had to be made.
The public debt statement for July
will show an increase of five or six
millions. The enthusiastic friends of
Secretary Sherman say that this is en
tirely cansed by his absence from the
city. Some few men seem t<> esti
mate Mr. Sherman's abilities as high
ly as ho himself does. It was not long
since tbat he wrote a letter in which
he spoke of the impossibility of his
accepting a nomination for Governor
of Ohio, as the financial affairs of the
Government were of the utmost im
portance and he could manage them
better than any one else.
The Secretary's trip to Maine, by
the way, does not seem to have been
the great success it promised to be.
Blaine and the other politicians got
out the usual crowds, but the Secre
tary was not received with much en
Col. Keating, the Memphis editor
who did so good service last year
during the prevalence of yellow fever,
is here direct from Memphis. He
thinks that the fever there has spent
its force. The people left in the city
are so few in number that it will be
impossible for it to spread. He re
ports the authorities .of Memphis as
having the affairs of the city well in
band, and that they will be able to
aare for all without having to appeal
for aid from outside. The cases so
ar developed, he says, in no way pre
sent the malignant form the fever did
]uring the epidemic of last year. Hie
inticipates that within six weeks busi
2ess in Memphis will be going on as
asual. We have one case of the fever
ecre, but do not anticipate danger
The destructive drought of the last
~ew weeks was broken by fine rain
torms a few days ago, and people are
>etter natured as vegeetation looks up.
Svery growing thing, however, was
njured, and fruit is small and insipid
'rom the long thirst.
It is announced that Secretaries
'hompson and Sherman and Schurz
ill take Ohio in on their way home
romi a vacation and make speeches in
avor of the Republican ticket.
The most inexcusable folly is to
ndure Dyspepsia with all its miseries,
hen a' 25 cent bottle of Dr. Bull's
lmm.e Pills will cure the malady.
"Laugh and Grow Fat."
This ancient bit of advice is well
enough for "spare" people, but how
about those that are already too fat?
What is to become of them? Sit
still, and I'll tell you. After
many experiments, extending through
months of patient investigation and
toil, the celebrated analytical chem
ist, J. C. Allan, has perfected
and given to the world Allan's Anti.
Fat. Thus far in several hundred
cases this great remedy has never
failed to reduce a corpulent person
from three to six pounds per week.
It is perfectly harmless and positively
efficient. Sold by druggists.
NEWBBRRY, S. C., Aug. 2, 1879.
List of advertised letters for week ending
Brooks, John Longe, Lizey
Byars, Rev. D. D. Simmons, Adam
Dockins, George Pearson, Edward
Ford, P. F. Suber, Lam
Gaines, Ella (col.) Spence, Mrs. S. A.
Parties calling for letters will please say
if advertised. R. W. BOONE, P. M.
TH siAsIoA vaEs
PRICES I EULINE
J. W. COPPOCK'S,
All Goods at Low Prices
Good Fits---Best = al
SAMPLE PIECE GOODS SOWN
ANM EASURES TAKEL.
IARGIE STOCK OF FURISING GOODS,
CALL AND BE C0NVINCED.
Aug. 6, 32-tf.
A situation as Clerk in a Dry Good* ur
Grocery Store by a young man of experi
ence, who can give good reference and is
willing to work. Salary no object.
A pply at this office.
Aug. 6, 32-2t*
THE LOW PR[CED. ROUSE.
THE LOW PRICED HOUSE.
THE LOW PRICED HOUSE.
BOOTS, SHOES AND HATS.
BOOTS, SHOES AND HATS.
BOOTS, SHOES AND HATS.
QUICK SALES, SHORT PROFITS.
QUICK SALES, SHORT PROFITS.
QUICK SALES, SHORT PROFITS.
NEXT TO PELHAM'S DRUG STORE.
NEXT TO PEL HAM'S DEUG STORE.
NEXT TO PELUAM'S DEUG STORE.
A. C. JONES'
LOW PRICED SHOE AND HAT HOUSE.
Aug. 6, 32-tf.
IRER4LD BOOK TOlII.
Those in want of Stationery, such as
Paper, Envelopes, Tags,. Ink, Pins, Pen
cils. Mucilage, Blank Booka, or Fancy Arti
ces in this line are invited to examine my
Best of Goods and.Low Prices.
Fresh supplies constantly received.
Any article not in stock promptly o
T. F. GRENEKER.
Aug. 0, 32-tf.
CREENVILLE, S. C.
wenty-Fifth Session Opens Wednesday, Sep
tember 10, 1879.
Expenses: Board, (lights and fuel in
luded), Tuition, and Piano Lessons, per
'ferm of five months, $117.50.
F::n and experie.nced Corps of Instruct
rs. Superior social and religious advan
Send for Catalogue, 18719.
- A. S. TOWNES,
Aug. 6, 32-Im. President.
Au.6,3 -. ~
m i nW. nm N THUoi
~.. ~ ii:.
Aug. 6, 32-4m.
County Board of Equalizatin.
The second meeting of this Board will be
held at tl)e Auditor's Office ON THURS