Newspaper Page Text
THOS. F. GRENEKER, EDIORS.
W. H. WALLA.CE, E
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WE DNES)AY, AUG. 13, 1879.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald is in the highest respect a Fam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the material in
terests of the people of this County and the
State. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertising medium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
John Sherman and the Money
John Sherman is working assid
uously for the Presidential nomina
tion. He has made the tour of
Maine, where he delivered several
speeches, all intended to show how
much he had done as Secretary of
the Treasury for the finances of the
country. He speaks in glowing
terms of what has been accomplish
ed by the resumption of specie pay
ments, by the sale of bonds, and in
short his whole financial policy.
The country is flourishing, and
is on the high wave of pros
perity. How does such talk sound
to ordinary citizens, who find times
harder than ever before, money so
scarce they can get only an occa
sional glimpse of it? The fact of
the matter is that John Sher
man has been, and if he can,
will continue, to run the United
States Government as a close cor
poration, a National Bank on a big
scale, in the exclusive interest of
the bond-holders. In his estima
tion the country belongs to them,
and they are entitled to make all
the money out of it possible. While
thera is not half enough money in
circulation to transact the ordinary
affairs of business, while the South
especially has not one-tenth the
money it had bdfore the war, there
are millions of dollars lying idle in
the United States Treasury, an~d
upon these millions-or the U. S.
bonds which they represent-inter
est is being paid to the bloated
bondholders. Glorious govern
* ment !-for the bondholders. Yet
John Sherman goes on, month af
ter month, making his report and
saying the public debt is being re
duced. The debt, he says, .is so
much, "less cash in the Treasury."
While the actual debt is not so
large as it has been, yet we are now
paying interest on a larger amount
than at almost any time past ; be
cause we pay interest not only on
the actual debt, but also on those
surplus millions in the Treasury
vaults. The bondholders don't
want their money ; they intend to
hold their bonds, and get their in
terest and save their taxes till the
bonds fall due. In the face of these
things John Sherman's pets, the
bondholders, and a few crazy fools
who don't know any better, .are
lauding the financial policy of the
If John Sherman should, by the
grace of-the Devil, become Presi
dent, his policy would be, as it is
now, to enrich the bondholder at
the expense of the taxpayer.
We would very much regret to
see Grant once more in the Execu
tive seat at Washington; but be
tween him and Sherman we prefer
The Cotton Factory.
A charter was obtained six years
ago for the Newberry Cotton Fac
tory. The matter has been talked
of ever since. Sometimes the in
terest dies down, and at other times
it blazes up very high. About a
year ago the citizens of the town
and O.unty began to agitate the
matter with a good deal of earnest
ness. Meetings were held ; plans
were discussed, success was pre
dicted, committees were appointed,
and-well, that's all that was done.
Has the matter been finally aban
doned ? Is there any probability
that Newberry will ever build a
cotton factory ? If it is to be built
at all it should be done as soon as
possible. If we wait till factories
are built up all r-ound us it will then
be too late. But would it pay ?
We think it has been clearly proved
that it would. Cotton factories can
be run very nearly as cheaply with
steam as water. The chief point in1
our favor,is, that we have the cot
ton here ; there would be no ex
pense of transportation, no middle
men to pay foi' buying, shipping,
storing, insuring, &c. ABlanta is
just completing a large factory to
be run by steam. A company of
Northern capitalists propose to
would circulate more freely, and t
every department of business would 1
put on new life. There are mon- -
eyed men here who are ready to I1
put their money in such an enter- 1
prise. Let our capitalists take hold
of the matter, and do it at once
the sooner the better.
There is no abatement in the
Yellow Fever. The average num
ber of new cases per day is from
fifteen to twenty-five. There were,
up to the 9th instant, 330 cases re
corded in the city., of which 90
proved fatal. About 30,000 people
have fled. There are 12,000 ne
groes in the city, only a few of
them having consented to leave
they prefer, as a general thing, to
stay in the city, where they get free
rations and can plunder. As a
consequence of their obstinacy they
are dying in large numbers. The
Howard Association have on hand
$18,000, which they think would
have been sufficient to run them
through the epidemic if they could
have persuaded the negroes to leave
The Cotton Prospects.
The Charleston Cotton Exchange
made its July report the 9th in
stant, based on 89 replies from 23
Counties. The. weather for July,
up to the 20th and 25th, was hot
and dry, but there was plenty of
rain for the balance of the month:
The weather, as compared with last
year, was reported more favorable
by 23, less favorable by 57, and
about the same by 9. The stands
are generally better than last year.
Many report that the plant is fruit
ing better than last year. Rust
has appeared in four Counties; and
slight shedding in several. The
prospects are quite promising, but
the crop is about ten days late.
Col. Thos. Dodamead does not
intend to leave the State perma
nently. His labors as railroad Su
perintendent have been long and
arduous, and he proposes to take
s o m e recreation by traveling
through the West and afterwards
Camp Meeting Apostles-Appearance on Ar
rival-Uncle Sol. Kinard-College Girls
Our Landlady-Shoe Factory-New
berrians-Mmmonth Squash, &c.
WrttrasTow, S. C.,
-Aug. 9, 1879.
In company with our good church
brothers Revs. J. W. Kelly, the
camp meeting apostle, and R. P.
Franks, no less zealous, we left the
depot at Newberry Wednesday last.
The first named was on his way to
work up and infuse life into a meet
ing to commence at Mt. Bethel in
Laurens County, the other -on his
way to resume his regular work at
Lowndesville, and ourself in search
of a few days rest and recuperation.
Five hours in a railroad coach on a
sultry day does not conduce to one's
comfort, and on this occasion by
the time the train reached Williams
ton-6.30-we felt and no doubt
looked like a piece of soap after a
hard day's washing-not by any
means a comfortable feeling.
The arrival of the cars is the big
event of the day at this quiet place
and always attracts a crowd which
has no particular business, but is
full of the Micawber hope that
something may turn up, a letter, a
friend, a package or something
else. We recognized in the gather
ing the -same old faces, with ano
ther, that of our old chum Solomon
P. Kinard, looking we are sorry to
say not as rosy, round and rubicund
as in the past. Time has not dealt
ightly with him in personal ap
pearance, but time's workings have
not affected his genial disposition.
It was our pleasure a few minutes
later, while on the way to the spring
-the first place to visit and the
cief point of attraction--to meet
the college girls, a charming bevy
of bright eyed misses of all sizes,
and types of beauty. How demure
hey looked as they filed by on
their way to the college. We would
rather they had lingered awhile,
but one of the general orders of the1
:lay is linger not, nor look long on
the stranger in the park. The
bright vision vanished and we dip
ped a libation from the granite ba
sin and drank to-our health and
Uncle Sol's, who kept us company.
We learned that the college open
d with flattering prospects and
ixty-five boarders, and that Bro.
ander is hard at work opening up I
;o his precious charges new fields t
)fonoedeen Ther-have not
~ommencement this year-have not
earned the reason for this new de- c
;he hearts of her guests by bating
,hem three times a day with the
rery nicest of fare, in truth her ta
>le is well supplied. The house
oo is full, and pleasantly beside,
vith ladies, miarried and single,
bildren, and a sufficient number of
;he sterner sex to keep it in order.
)ur old friend Deal and his agree
ible lady, are here, but are resting
!rom their labors, and time has
lealt kindly by thein.
Williamston has cause to be proud
>f a new enterprise-a shoe factory
-lately put into operation by one
:f her citizens, Mr. Thos. Crymes,
ind with every prospect of success.
Newberry is represented by Mr.
W. H. Boozer, with his mother and
ister, who moved here from Pros
perity last year, Mr. M. Drayton
Kinard, a former resident, Dr. H.
I. Epting, who has a large practice,
is growing rich and drives a fine
pair of greys, behind which it was
our pleasure to take an airing into
the country this morning, Mrs. Mc
Ninch, the mother of our fair cor
respondent Maggie, and a widowed
aughter, Mrs. Swygert, all former
y of Prosperity, and last but not
least the gentleman already named
r. S. P. Kinard. The latter is
still an enthusiastic gardener, and
in spite of the drought which
brought many of his vegetables to
n early death and himself to grief,
can still make a very fine show.
Among other things he has a squash,
still growing, which weighs accord
ing to his estimate one hundred
pounds, in proof of which he lifted
a keg of nails and then his pet
squash and found one as heavy as
the other. Indeed it is a monster
and so huge that the vine never
made an effort to produce another.
Uncla Sol is very proud of it and
watches it like a mother watches
her first born.
Mrs. Franks, the wife of Rev. R.
P., is on a visit here to her sister,
and her many warm friends in New
berry will be pleased to know that
she is in the enjoyment of excellent
On the whole it is dull here, but
notwithstanding a very pleasant
place to while away a fewv long sum
mer days and grow fat drinking
mineral water and feasting on our
fair landlady's excellent fare, and
with this we conclude our brief let
ter for the very good reason that
there is nmo mo; e to write about.
Yes, one thing more and we are
done ; the people of this County are
satisfied withi the no-fence law, and
we are told that it works like a
A fine rain fell yesterday and
crops are looking well.
.FOR THE IIERALD.
July 19th, 1879.
PEAR EDIToRS :This is the first
opportunity I have had to give you a
little account of thme crops anid weather
we have in Europe. Trhe crops are
very nice; the harvest is on hand
now, but the big and heavy rains
which are falling now interfere a great
deal with the harvest. Since I have
ben in Germany we have had rain
very day, and the thermometer has
ever reached over G9 degrees, Fahm
renheit. As beautiful as all the grain
stands and also potatoes, if the rain
yotinues to fall it will spoil the whole
3rop, and will cause much suffering~
song the poorer class of people. The
potato especially has suffered a great
e,as it. is too wet for them. The
hay has been washed away, and on the
16th inst., six railroad bridges were
washed away in the upper par of Sile
i ; one of themn was a bridge cf eight
osts, and the other five were but
~mzil crossings, although all built of
rocks. The lightning struck yester
lay a half wile from here and killed a
>oy twelve years old, and a cow in the
asture. E. S.
An importanit Geological Fact.
Geology has shown us that nature
ccomplishes her greatest revolutions
a the earth's surface conformation
~lowly. Every year the river makes
ts channel deeper, the glacier wears a
leeper gorge in the Alpine rock, and
ed the ocean tide deposits the sand
t has crumbled from the rocks upon
hich it bi-eaks. We note the earth
juake and the devastating hurricane ;
)ut these changes are so gradual man
eldom observes them until the chan-.
mel has become overhanging cliffs, or
mountain has disappeared before the
y stream, or the ooean has given us
Florida. Thus it is in disease. Our
~ttention is attracted by acute diseases,
s fevers, cholera, etc., while chronic
iseases (often the most dangerous in
'esult), being slow in their develop
nent, are seldom noticed until they
Lave made anm almost ineffaceable im
iressionm upon the system. Persons
>elieving themselves com parativcly
ealthful are oftimes the victims of
hese diseases, and only become aware
f their presence when relief is almost
mpossible. Diseases of the liver and
tomach are the commonest of these
hronic affections. Dr. Pierce's Gol.~
FoR THE HERALD.
The New Order of Thiiigs.
Old Things Played Out.
Opera Houses and 4th of July Demonstra
tions and Jail Key Reminiscences Point
less and Pithiless as Too Far Off
and Too Far Back.
The Srbject, the Point, "The Modern Way
to Get Rich by the Easiest and
The question is now, not what will
be found in the corner stone ot a
dilapidated Opera House a century
hence; nor wiA Amrtcan spread
eagle patriot will explode for the love
of his country on the 4th of July,
1900 ; for it is doubtful whether there
will ho any such a day at that titme or
no. No, sir, it is not; but it is this,
gcentlemen of the sovereign jury : If
that which measures longitude must
have length, if that which measures
gravity niust' have weight, if that
which measures light must have ve
locity, by what manner of means shall
a mar pile up a pyramid of silver
rocks or greenback bundles before sun.
rise ? The question has assumed a
latitudinosity and longitudinosity un
parallelled. It's a huge illimitable
sponge about the size of Chiiborazo
compressed into a tin pin1 cup of
water. In a word, to come to the
point, How shall a man, without
money, get rich at the shortest notice ?
How shall he become successful as a
business man, splurge, break, recupe
rate and then live in a palatial man
sion, sumptuously furnished, with a
brilliant equipage, and still have a
pocket full of rocks ? This, fellow
citizens, is the question. It's the all
absorbing and engrossing one.
This problem is attempted to be
solved every day by newspaperdom;
by bits of advice ; by philosophic in
sinuations; by short biographical
sketches of the dead and living, as in
the case of Squire Saveall,
either written by himself or some
wielder of a goose quill; to wit : That
Squire Saveall is a man to be pattern
ed after ; that his sort, like angel vis
its, are few and far between. In the
first place Mr. Saveall while a farmer
boy, used to water his patch of corn,
of a dry summer, at night ; but not
liking the business he migrated to a
town or city on foot ; had one shirt
and an old Barlow knife, with a straw
hat, in a bundle slung across his shoul
ders, together with a fifty cent piece
in his pocket. lie commenced as an
errand boy, swept out the store,brought
water and so forth, for one dollar and
a half a week. Out of this he man
aged to save one dollar a week, and in
this way accumulated in time .two
hundred dollars, on which he went
into business for himself ; worked all
day and all night, never drank a drop
of liquor, nor smoked a cigar, nor
chewed tobacco, nor went to shows or
circuses, nor played billiards or cards,
blacked his own shoes, rented his
own room ; with his own hands used
to cook over his little fire, herbs and
eggs; dressed economically, sewed on
his own buttons, mended his shirts ;
but took a newspaper and paid for it,
and kept up with the progress of the
age. lie was one of the most indus
trious, energetic, saving men, and of
published through the papers as worth
half a million and is always spoken of
by them as our most esteemed fellow
citizen. May his shadow never grow
However, all this, there is another
class of successful men, (among whom
many of the Saveall family, secret as
it may be kept, may be included) who
are not so often spoken of and quoted
in the papers as model lights, but who
nevertheless arc brought out in glo
rious colors, their feathers smoothed
down aud painted glossily, and who
are as numerous as stars in the sky,
and far outnumber the one shirt, bare
footed heroes. For instance, there's
Col. Oil-tongued Showoff. lie came
to our town or city a few years ago
with a valise full of decent common
clothes and a box full of paper collars,
got an easy situation in a dry goods
or grocery store, and happening to get
hard up, applied to old "Governor,"
as he called him, for "sass." The old
man, after a thought or so, sent him a
little "sass," with the advice to be
more saving. Well, Showoff is a man
of the world, he knows a thing or two ;
he don't get more than 25 or 30 dol
lars a month ; but, however, he goes
to the theatre, if there's one ; takes
his Dulcinea; never misses a show or
i circus, smokes ten cent cigars, plays
billiards, drinks brandy, dresses finely;
omes to the store by times in the
morning, however, and stays till 9 P.
NI. if required. lie is very attentive
~o his business, lHe knows what's
vhat. By the time he has been there
our or five years he has pieked up
~uough lying loose around to buy a
~old watch and chain, a diamond pin,
;old headed cane, a big seal ring for
young man" and a "crack salesman,"
and finally goes on his own hook, with
an abundance of cheek, and has so far
insinuated himself into the araces of
thi, "old Goveriior" and several friends
that they conclude to back him. Well,
he makes up his mind to gct married;
he selets out some dashing woman.
Ile has got the reputation of a dash
itng business young in-an. IIe mar
ries. The first thing he;does is to fit.
her out with a solitaire diamond as
big as a June bug, silk dresses at a
hundred dollars a yard, covers her
shoulders with a five hundred dollar
shawl, and drives a cabriolht with two
sleek iron greys. They live sumptu
ously. Showoff's got an eye open.
By the by he joius the church, is a
constant attendant. le fixes over
everything to his wife. In the mean
time he gets in a big stock of goods,
and then very honestly and wisely
sends out notices of cheap goods at
cost, sells out his stock, however, at
fftir profits-that is the cream of them
-and after he has lost a good deal
proposes to compromise with his cred.
itors, including the "old Governor"
and his particular friends, at twenty
five cents on the dollar, and concludes
by disposing of the goods on hand at
a "bonus" to some shadow who is
looking for "a cheap investment."
Now, honest old Closefist. who lives
in a one-story wooden house, that is
full of crannies and holes, with -about
one hundred acres of land, which be
got by hard licks and hard saving,
and who holds Showoff's note for $1,
000-after hearing of Showoff's mis
fortunes exclaims: "Why, lie's a big
rascal; he ought to be in the peniten
tiary with the little rascals." But
then, again and again, and that's not
all-God bless your soul, honeys! old
Closefist is a fogy. He's a fossil. He
don't belong to the present generation.
He's an old ass of the Dogberry school.
Showoff know. his own measure and
keeps it in view. le knows that
Showoff, reduced to poverty, on the
part of the mob would be received
with loud laughter and joy; so. he
erects him a brown colored brick
building, buys a big plantation, goes
off to Saratoga, Lor?g Branch or the
Sulphur Springs in Virginia, takes a
trip to Europe, gets up a reputation
for good wines and fine dinners; sups
extravagantly, and is considered by
every man as "ca mighty good fellow,''
while the newspapers pass him to and
fro, with his name in capital letters,
as Col. Showoff, who makes liberal
donations to Church, County and
State and then slightly insinuates he
would make a first rate Congressman.
What day is there so holy, Squire
Saveali, that is not profaned by bring
ing to light theft, treachery, fraud ;
filthy luore got by crime of every dye,
and money won by ruatch eating rats,
exploded kerosene lamps and compro
mises of 30 cents on the dollar. Verily
rare indeed are the good. Their number
is scarce a baker's dozen or the num
ber of days that the dog star holds
sway. We are now passing through
the fifty-ninth age of the world ; an
era far worse than the age of Iron,
for whose villainy not even nature her
self can find a name, and has no metal
base enough to call it by. Yet we
call heaven and earth to witness, with
a shout as loud as that with which
the Greenbacks that gives them ton
ges, makes the profanurn vulgus,
applaud Showoff as he declaims from
the stump. Tell me, thou man of
saving and of many years, and yet
more fit to bear the trinkets of child
hood ; dost thou not know the charms
that belongs to another man's money ?
Knowest thou not what a laugh thy
simplicity would raise in the common
herd, for expecting that no man should
forswear himself, but should believe
that God is really present in his tem
ples anid at the tables where the bread
is broken and the cup is red with the
sacramental wine. In days of old, our
fathers, perhaps, lived after this fash
ion, when there was scarcely a lock to
be found on a barn door, much less on
that of a mansion; when the cattle,
sheep and hogs of a thousand hills,
from the mountains to the seaboard,
roamed at large, free from the hand of
the midnight rover and the plunder
ing prowler, when honesty prevailed,
when justice was administered rightly,
when a man's word was as good as h*is
bond, when bankruptcies, insurancies,
per cent. bonds, credit mobilier and
lightning mortgages were ulnknown,
when confidence and friendship exist
ad; when every man set under his own
vine and fig tree and smoked his pipe
.n peace ; not as nowadays when every
nan's hand is against his neighbor,
md when no one knows whom to trust,
when truth has disappe~ared below
:ero, when rottenness, corruption arnd
selfishness predom inate, when rascali
y, crime and depravity are applauded,
worshipped, feted and honored and the
ry is "Devil take the hindmost."
Ah! Christianized Modoc, in that
no 8 to 7 frauds, no tissue tickets, no
political ciphers; no stuffing of boxes,
no bulldozing. no denying the deposit
entrusted by a friend. no lying by
measure, cheating the orphan, the
widow, oppressing the poor, no bor
rowing of money and not paying il
back, no going it) debt when o1 could
not pay, when perhaps he had hun
dreds hid away. Ah ! Modoc, thai
"No splendid vices glittered to allare,
Their joys were many, as their cares wer(
The point, the aux armes crowd
ing upon the brain, above all othei
things, from fraud 11ayes and John
Sherman, at the present, down to Mal
Gray, is the shortest and easiest way
to get rich, no tnitter how, whethei
by demonetizing silver, or the laying
of brick ; without regard to the remin.
iscences of an old jail key, the mag
niloquence of the 4th of July oratt,r,
or the revelations to be disclosed it
the opening of an opera house cornei
stone a century hence. The slogav
is money ! money ! Put money il
thy purse. For the chief end of mar
is to keep what he's got, and get what
be can. We regret tosay it, but trutl
is stranger than fiction. If we see a
man. now, of real probity, we lool,
upon him as a prodigy, a lusus uatu
re, a rara avis, with a patch of hal
growing in the palm of his hand ; v
diamond turned up by the astonished
ploughman in Langford's bottoms;
mermaid, haif fish and half huniau
with a woman's head on, paddling
about in Scoat's creek ; a huge BisoL
roaming and feeding in security it
axter's pasture. Verily ! verily
humanity connects the same crime witl
results widely different in their pur
suit of the aura sacrafames. Tht
poor devil secures the Penitentiary foi
a petty violation as the reward of hic
starving or picayunish villainy. Th(
rich, the blood, the high in office
higher poition-a regal crown-and
is applauded and renowned for his dis
patch and cleverness.
FOR THE HERALD.
The Common School System oJ
Under the 5th head of the seconI
part of our last week's article, we de
sire to submit the following:
In the beginning of this "discus
sion," we resolved to avoid any alla
sion whatever to the "color line"; bul
having since then heard so much harp
ing to the intended detriment of thi
Common Free School System abon
"the negroes receiving more benefi
from the educational tax than th<
whites," &c., we have determined t<
deviate from that good intention, afte
having placed the odium of our so do
ing upon those that have occasionec
The only argument brought b:
these acute logicians against this Coin
mon Free School System is, "Trha
the white people pay the tax, and the
negroes get the benefit of it." Now
there aerIiious ways in which this
can be answered by any one who stand:
aloof and views every subject with at
objective eye. But we shall mentiol
only a few. In the first place, the as
suption, that "only those going ti
school are benefited by this Fre<
School Fund" is a tota2ily false one
as has been already stated. iDoes
law against the manufacture and sal<
of spirituous liquors affect only thos'
immediately engaged in making and
drinking ? or has it a wholesale influ
ence upon every class ? Is the execu
tion of a murderer only to gratify th<
friends of the murdered party? or it
it to prevent such crimes thereafter
Now, this Common Free School Sys
ten is intended to be a salutary lau
just as much as that against the man
ufacture and sale of spirituous liquor
and that against the crime of murder
and it will exert, if once permitted
an influence m,ore powerful, constant
and permanent towards the suppres
sion of every crime in the catalogu4
of evil than can ever be obtained it
any other way: To contend, then
that the negroes alone are benefited
by this System is equivalent to assert
ing, that the whites are a lawless se1
of blockheads far beyond all hopes oi
reclamation-an assertion which would
certainly sound more ridiculously ab
surd, were it not for the pertinaciou
efforts of these "Con'-mon Free School'
In the second place, if it were tru
that only those attending- school are
benefited by this Common Free School
Fund, and that the vast majority 0:
these are negroes-both of which as.
sumptions are utterly false-yet i
would remain true, that the State
should maintain and develop this Coin
mon Free School System; for, 1st.
T he whites are not excluded by the
State from the benefits of this System.
If one-half of the sinners in the Chris.
tian world should neglect to appropri
ate the merits of Christ's vicarious
death on the Cross, would that consti~
tute shouvlid beasonerly deoishking
-ftedgi h al ol o a
hay, wsthatl beutery vldreasonishedy
Ifbhe dog inshe alould not grwfrteatne
tofoher, anias that anyovld reaso it?
the hay should not grow for the bene
a a aanr animals that could eat it ?
shrine of a Common Free School edu- m
ention should come short of the re- g
wards of an offerintg more devout, is t
that, indeed, any valid reason why ti
''their count,:-u .l fall and
their eve be evi! tow:ir.Is hi.-ir breth
Tu the secorid piace, generally spoak.
ing, according to those th:at declaim
agteaiIst th is Con I:Lon Free 8ebool Sys
tem, the negro is a living embodineit
of all tLat is evil ; whil.t the whites
or at least those that wish this emn
mon Free School System abolish. d
are "the very pinks of prfeetion."
If such i., indeed, the cay., then the
negro is really the only one that need
attend these schools, to be regenerated t
and remodeled by the magical touch
of an education; and, cousequently,
especially since these "pinks of per- t
fection" are losing nothing whatever,
should they not, in the boundless gen
erosity of their natures, rejoice that s
the whole power of this Free School
Fund is directed by some wonderful,
if mot divine, interposition just exact- I
ly where it is alone needed-on the
negro? But instead of this, what
are they doing ? Trying to demolish
these schools, simply because they are
accomplishing the very identical ob
jects for which erected. We know of
only one precisely parallel case in the
whole of history ; and that was dis
played by his Satanic Majesty in most
severely punishing, not those that
opposed, but those that most :ealous.
ly fulfilled his commissions.
But in the third place, it is not
strictly true that "the white people
are paying the educational tax, and
the negroes getting the benefit of it."
The State statisties show the fol
lowing facts : The entire educational
tax, for the fiscal year ending Nov.,
r 1878, was $316,197.10. The num- ]
ber of white schools was about 1,984;
of colored schools about 938. The
total number of white children was
54,118; and of colored children 62,.
121. The entire educational tax of
Newberry County, as above, was $10,
883 72. Of this amount, the teach
ers received $6,049.63. Of the for
mer amount, the whites paid about
$8,698.70 ; and the negroes aboutt
- 2,185.00. There was expended onr
white schools about $4,451.72 ; and
on colored schools about $1,597.91.
The number of white schools was 52;
of colored schools 28. The number
'of white children in attendance was
r944; and of colored children 1,304.
The total number of polls was 4,370, ,
and the estimated value of the taxa
ble property upwards of $4,000,000.00.
'The entire educational tax of the
-11th Township for the year ending
Nov., 1879, is $721.70. Of this J
amount, the whites have paid about ~
$539.70; and the negroes about $182.- 1
00. The amount expended on white
schools is $561.70 ; and on negro j
schools $160.00. The number of white
schools was 4t ; and of negro schools f
14. The number of white children
was about 184; and of colored chil
dren about 100.
SBefore commenting on these "sta
tistics," it is proper to state that they I
are in part exact, having been fur
nished by the respective State officials, I
and in part approximations based on r
official statements. Many of the ne
groes pay something, however little,
besides the poll tax; but we have
omitted that from the estimate, count
ing in their favor only the poll tax,
and even that on the supposition, that
the whites and negroes are "'half
There is a law-aind the whites are I
generally very zealous in having it
executed upon the negroes-to compel '
the payment of taxes ; but should our
efficient, educated, white officials" c
have "slept on duty" and collected
only three-fourths of the poll tax and a
no penalties whatever, then the negro
tax should stand as follows :
County, $ 1,639 00 c
Township, : : . 137 00 0
But the fault is whose ? IIaving now '
premised so much, we present the fol
lowing six deductions:d
1st. To educate 54,11.8 white chil
dren, the State authorized about 1,984_
schools; to educate 62,121 colored
children, about 984. That is 1 schooi
to every 27 white children, whilst
only 1 to every 66 colored children.
Is this discrimination against the
whites ? or the negroes ?
2nd. The pay of white teachers has a
been, in consequence of their better 1
grading, higher than that of the col
ored teachers; consequently, the above
disposition will become still greater
from a pecuniary point of view.
3d. In Newberry County, this dis- a
position has been even greater still. 1
4th. In the 11th Township, there .A
have been three times as many schoolsA
for the whites as for the negroes, al- i
though the school population is pro- I
bably smaller ; and 3? times as much A
of the public money expended on them. I
5th. In some secti ons, the negroes
probably pay more for the support of
the "Public Schools" than is expend- A
d on their portion of them.
6th. The estimated value of the o.
property in Newberry County, belong- ['
ing to the white population is $4,000,- -
marks above,) .00.
It follows from this, that the whites s<
alone are in a truly philosophical view 3t
of this question benefited by this edu- h
cational tax ; for every dollar spent in 0
eunainar the nnemr eventually makes
ortn of property will be greatly but
radually increased in value and at
ie sanie time relieved from taxation,
,hilst the negro will remain, as he is
>.day, in the cruel grasp of penury.
At the Ebenezer Camp Ground during
ie recentn camp meeting A GOLD BADGE.
'he Badge is a crown encircled by a wreath.
'he finder will be rewarded by leaving the
ine wii Rev. J. W. Kelly, or at this of
cC. A :'g. 13, 38-it.
. GOOD .HING FOR
Being desirous of closing un my business
i Newberry, I make. the following attrac
ve offer, for cash only. One new 7 oct.
'ianoforte, with full iron frame, agraffe
'chle, and patent over-strung bass, includ
ig hand:-mae Rose%ood stool and worsted
r)vcr to match, for 8250; intrinsic value
:50. Also, one second hand Piano, 6 oct.,
hiieh has recently been tuned and thor
1ghly repaired, making it almost, as good
3 new, for $75, worth $125. I respectfully
)licit an inspection of these Instruments
efore you purciase elsewhere.
W. M. SHACKLEFORD.
Aug. 13, 33-1t.
NORTIIERN LIME for sale by
F. N. MARTIN & CO.
Aug 13, 33-St.
IRCUIRD GRISS SEEN!
FOR SALE AT
ANT'g DRUG STOR
Aug. 13, 33-tf.
Fisk's Patent Metal
ic Burial Cases.
Also, Walnut and Rosewood Coffins and
~askets always on hand.
Will personally superintend the prepara
ion of graves, building of vaults, using in
heir construction best hydraulic cement,
endering themi perfectly waterproof.
All orders promptly attended to day or
Office in rear of Leavell & Speers' Marble
L. M. SPEERS.
A pr. 23, 1879-17-tf.
Atlanta Medical College.
The Twenty-Second Annual Course of
.ectures will commence October 15th, 1879,
d close March 4th, 1880..
FAcULrv-J. G. Westmnoreland, W. F.
Vestoreland, WV. A. Love, V. H. Talia
~rro, Joo. Thad. Johnson, A. W. Calhoun,
.H. Logan, J. T. Banks ; Demonstrator,
This well-established College affords op
ortunity for thorough medical education.
It is in affiliation with, and its tickets and
iplomnas recognized by, every leading med
al college in the country.
Requirements for graduation as hereto
Send for Announcement, giving full, in
JNO. TH AD. JOHNSON, M.D , Dean',
Aug. 13, 33
All persons having demands against the
state of Samuel A. Epting, deceased, will
resent them on or before the 1st day of
e'ptember, 1879, and all persons indebted
> said Estate wili make immediate pay
ent, to the undersigned.
Adm'r., of Sam'l A. Epting, dec'd.
Aug. 13, 33-3t.
TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
iy Jacob B. Fellers, Esq., Probate .Jndge.
Whereas, E. P. Chalmers, as Clerk -of the
ircuit Court, bath made suit to me, to
rant him Letters of Administration, de
onis non, of the derelict Estate andieffects
f Robert Stewart, deceased.
These are therefore to cite and admon'i'
11 and singular the kindred and credi(ors
f the said deceased, that they, be and
ppear, before me, in the C6urt of Probate,
abe held at Newberry Court House, S. C.,
n the 22nd day of September next, after
ublication hereof, at 11 o'clock in the
renoon, to shew cause, if any they have~.,..
y the said Administration should not be
ranted. Given under my hand, this 9th
ay of August, Anno Domini, 187.
J. B. FELLERS, J. P. N. C.
Aug. 13, 33-4t.
oth Carolina Railroad Company.
On and after Sunday, June 15th, 1879, Pas
3nger Trains on this road will run as fo1
,cave Anderson.......------.7.35 a m
" Abbeville ....... ....-.--..8. a m
S.Greenville ............... b.6.45 am
S Ncw berry........:....... .45 p m
" Spartanburg...............--9.30 a m
" AiStOn. ... ......---.---- . -~2. p m
.rr ive Columbia ............--.3.45 p m
cave Columbia. .6.15 a mn 3.50 p mn 9.40 p m
rrive Charleston2.30 p m 9.20 p in 6.A0 a m
.rrive August a.. .3.15 p mn 8.00 a m
rrive Camden. .12.20 p mn
cave Charleston.5.00 a mn 7.00 a mn 9.50 p m -
cave Augus.ta.... a 8.15 a in
eave Camden... .5.30am
rrive Columnbia.10.30 a mn 4.35 p m 5.30 a m
cave Columbia................10.35 a m
S Aiston......................12.20 p mn
" Newberry................1.3 p m
" Hodges..............----.---4.i p m
" Belton................- 3p m
rrive Greenville................ .30 p m
rrive Spartanhburg................ 3.13 p) m
The Night Express leaving Columbia at
10 P. !. and Charleston at 9.50 P. M., will
m daily; all other trains (ailly, except
mndays. Sleepmng ears on all ight trains
berths only $I..50.
When you go North and wish to have a
mortable mrp go VuA the Charleston
eamners. Round trip tickets to New York
1(1 return, good 'till November 1st, are
>id by the South Carolina Railroad, at the
w rate of $35.75. This includes transfer
rongh Charleston, stateroom and meals,
t waLys. There is no doubt that this is
e coolest, cheaper and pleasantest route
take in Summer; no hot nights or dust
the way, .nd is the only ute furnish
.t ,,,p,il~ and staterooms without extra