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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vol. XV. WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1879. No. 46.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry, S. C.
BY THO. P. GRMEKER,
Editor and Proprietor.
Terms, $2.00 per JnMu"1,
Invariably in Advance.
7 The paper is stopped at the expiration of
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r The >4 mark denotes expiration of sub
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry.
WITCHE AND JEWELRY
At the New Store on Hotel Lot.
I h%ve now on hand a large and elegant
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
Silver and Plated Ware,
VIOLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS,
SPECTACLES AND SPECTAOLE CASES,
WEDDING AND BIRTHDAY PRESENTS.
IN ENDLESS VARIKTY.
All orders by mail promptly attended to.
Watchmaking and Repairing
Done Cheaply and with Dispatch.
Call and examine my stock and prices.
Nov. 21, 47-tf.
I am receiving a full line of
Fine Gold Jewelry,
PLAIN GOLD RINGS,
oterling 8i1ve Wedding Presents
I am Agent for the J. -E SPENCER &
Diamond Pebble Glasses,
all ages. Watch and all kind of Repairing
and Engraving done in the Best Style.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Oct. 22, 43-2m.
K 0. CHAMAN & 8ON
Respectfully announce that they have on
hand the largest and best variety of BUT
RIAL CASES ever brought to Newberry,
Fisk's Metalic Cases,
COFFINS of their own Make,
-hich are the best and cheapest in the
Having a FINE HEARSE they are pre
pared~to furnish Fanerals in town or coun
try in the most approved manner.
-Particular attention given to the wallhng
up of graves when desired.
Give us a cali and ask our prices.
R. C. CHAPMAN & SON.
. May 7, 1879. - 19-tf
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CAN, Messrs. Mannn& now avee Solatrgst
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Hardware and Cutlery.
LW PMICE COTTONS
The undcrsigned ask to call attfntion of
the FarmersI and jjeehotties to their new
of all kinds,
Of the "Avery Patent."
Of all grades and prices.
Of all kinds.
Picks, Grubbing Hoes, &c.
Also, a splendid lot of
Carpenters' and Blacksmiths'
All laid- in at prices that will meet the low
price of cotton. Call and see for yourselves,
at the Hardware Store of
COVFOiK & JOKONli
No. 3, Mollhon Row.
Jan. 1, 1879. 1-tf 1
COPPOCK & JOHNSON'S.
Aug. 27, 35-tf.
Avery's Walking Cultivator, four plows.
Avery's Double-foot, iron, plow.
Avery's " "I wood, plow.
Avery's Single, wood and iron, plow.
Avery's Garden Plow.
At prices that any farmer can buy.
Call on COPPOCK & JOHNSON.
Apr. 30, 18-tf.
CEORCE A. CLARK,
400 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
The distinctive features of this spool cot
ton are that it is made from the very finest
SEA ISLAND COTTON.
It is finished soft as the cotton from which
t is made it has no waxnorartfiial fin
no equal; it is wound on
The Black is the most perfect
ever produced in spool cotton, being dyed
by a system ptented by ourselves. 'he
colors are dye by the
NEW ANILINE PROCESS'
rendering them so perfect and brilliar.t that
dressmakers everywhere use them instead
of eGold edal was awarded this spool cot
tou at Paris, 1878, for "great strength'" and
"general excellence" being the highest
We rinvit comprsn and respectfully
ask ladies to give it afair trial and convince
themselves of its superiority over all others.
To be had at wholesale and retail at
J. D. CASH'S.
July 16, 29-6m.
Who will help me sell them ? I will pay
the freight and send to any reliable party an
assortment of my Garden and Field Seeds,
and give 30 per cent. commission for selling,
and take back any part that may not be sold
at the end of the season..
Five cents per packet is too little, but as
large Northern houses put them down from
ideas of monopoly, no doubt, I shall freely
sell accordingly, and take my chances. I
have, however, two grand advantages:
First, I sell to a population having decided
preferences for Southern enterprise and
Southern men; and secondly, there is not a
dear old woman in the South that does not
know that Bancombe Cabbage Seed are the
best in thc wor!d. Females make first rate
Idon't keep :uch a variety as to make a
bewildering list, but the best of the usual
Garden and Field varieties, and try to keep
them fresh and sound, and sell the m cheap.
Send your orders early.
J. W. VANDIVER,
Garden and Field Seed Producer,
'Weaverville, N. C.
Oct. 15, 1879-42-6t.
. NE WBERR Y, S. C.
SHOP NEXT DOOR NORTH of POST OFFICE.
Aean shave aneat eut, and polite at
A NIGHT THOUGHT.
Eow oft a cloud, with envious veil,
Obscures yon bashful light,
Which seems so modestly to steal
Along the waste of night?
'Tis thus the world's obtrusive wrongs
Obscure with malice keen
ome timid heart, which only longs
To live and die unseenI
SLOW, BUT SURE.
BY E. B. W.
"How on earth, Simpson," said
[ the other day to a rural friend
>f mine whom I was visiting
'how on earth did a backward,
liffident fellow like you ever man
ige to say, 'Will you?' to a witty,
maucy, self-poised woman like your
I really was curious to know.
3impson was such a slow, sedate
erson, and his wife was such a
ittle firefly, that there always
seemed to me something funnily
ncongruous in their union.
Simpson made his usual deli
erate pause before answaring.
Well, I reckon"-my friend is a
Eoosier-"I reckon it was queer I
ver asked her, and the way it
appened was queerer still."
We had carried our chairs out
.nto the front yard, in order to
smoke in greater comfort; and I
ow tied mine back against a
tree, knowing that the story that
was brewing in my friend's mind
would not be over in a hurry. I
-ondense it for the benefit of those
readers w7ho may not have as
much leisure and patience as I
"You see," he began, slowly
clearing his throat and crossing
his legs, "I was always rather
soft-like about Susie, from the
time I used to sit by her in school
and work her sums. She hadn't
a particle of head for figures, and
I had, so we suited pretty well as
long as school lasted ; and Susie,
though she laughed at me more
than any of the girls, liked me a
ittle, too; for it isn't in human
nature not to like the person that
works your sums. I know, be.
cause that was about all the way
I had of making friends, when I
was a boy, and I made a good
many. But when our school days
were over most of them forgot,
but Susie never did. She was the
prettiest and most popular grrl in
the country, and had no end ol
beaux, but she always had, God
bless her!I as bright a smile foi
slow Ben as any of them. I knevw
I wasn't as brisk and lively as th<
best of them, and when I saw
that she didn't make any differ
ence, it went right through an(
through me, and I'd have die<
fr her any minute ; but I couldn'
tell her so.. Seemed like I wai
slower and dumber with her that
any body else.
"For this reason I didn't ofter
call on her or ask her company t<
parties and the like ; but when :
did she was always so kind an<
pleasant-like that I was happa
for a month afterwards.
"Well, there was a party on
night at 'Squire CJoon's; and, as i
wasn't far, and Susie would onl~
have to be bored with me goin
and coming, I asked her to g'
with me, and she said 'Certainly
and smiled as if it was the great
est treat in tbe world.
"As the 'Squire's was only hal
a mile from Susie's bome, and ther
was a nice, dry path througft th
wooda, we walked. It was abou
the m.iddle of October, and th
path we took was heaped wit
ry leaves that made a pleasan
rustle under our feet. A water,
moon and a slim turnout of star
gave just light enough. to mah
the tree trunks on either side<
he path look like anything el
but what they were.
"The only remark I rememb(
to have made on the wvay to t
'Squire's was that it was going I
rain before morning, and that
hopnd i would. T litik thnngl
how much reason I had to hope.
"I don't recollect much about
the party, except that I sat most
of the time in a particular corner,
and watched Susie as much as I
"When the party had broken
up, and we were starting home, I
noticed that tho sky was thickly
clouded and the night dark. The
'Squire, who was sitting on the
front porch smoking a late pipe,
called after us 'Better stay all
night, Benjy, it's goin' to rain.'
But we thought not. When we
got into the woods, however, we
began to find out that it was dark
and no mistake. The farther we
went, the deeper became the dark.
ness. I know the path we had to
follow, every crook and curve in
it. Bu. the carpet of dead leaves
bothered me. I had to stop two
or three times, and grope about
on either side, to make sure that
I was in the right track ; and the
last time I found I was not in it
and, what was worse, couldn't find
"I kept up the search as long
as possible, dreading to tell Susie
of the stupid blander I had com
mitted. But the truth had to come
out at last, and, as if to make
matters really serious, it began to
rain-a dull, pattering fall, that
would probably last till daylight,
and Susie exposed to it. She tried
to make a joke of it at first ; but
as the rain came more and more
steadily, she became frightened
and nervous. I found her the
best shelter I could at the roots of
a great tree, but the rain reached
her even there. She had nothing
round her but a light shawl-for
the evening had been unusually
warm for the season-and I knew
she would soon be thoroughly
chilled; so, being very tough my
self, and used to all sorts of expos
are, I just took off my coat and
begged her to wrap it round her
shoulders, but she would hoar to
nothing of the sort, and bade me
quite brusquely to put on my coat.
.But the rain increased, and the
night grew damper and colder. 1
resolved to take matters into my
own * hands. Without saying a
word I just wrapped the coat
around her shoulders myself, and,
for fear she wouldn't take it, I
said, by way of apology, you see,
'I'd give my life for you any min
ute, Susie, and it don't stand to
reason I shouldn't give you my
"She kept as mute as a mouse
while I was fixing the coat ; but,
when I was done, she took my hand
iri both of hers, and, says she, 'Do,
you think sO very much of me,
Ben ?' and, says I, 'More than I
can toll, or you can think, I reck
"And,' says she, 'Why did you
never tell me so before ?'
"'Well,' says .1, 'you know I'm
rather slow of speech; and, be.
sides, I reckoned you wouldn't
care to hear the like from me.'
"She didn't say nothing after
that for a good long spell, till I
began to be afraid she was offend
ed ; then says she, 'You may sit
down here beside me, if you like,
"I did so, and then, after anoth
er good long spell says she, strok
ing my hand with one of hers,
'ou're the best and kindest man
in the world, Ben ; and I like you
better thana any of them.'
S"My shirt-sleeves were by this
time wet enough to wring, and
the chill gusts that every now and
then swept down from the tree
tops were enough to make a New.
foundland dog shiver ; but I never
felt warmer or more comfortable
in my life than when Susie said
that. I never felt my slowness of
speech more in my life, though ii
,seemed as if I couldn't think of
any word that meant enough. Sc
1 had to sit and listen to Susie
without being able to say a word
myself, but she didn't appear tc
mind it a bit.
"~Well thefirst thinglI knew it
hdsopped raining, and the moor
was peeping down through a drifl
in the clouds. I found the patl
in no time ; and Susie made me
put on my coat again.
."When we got home to Susie's
her father was just turning out t<
look for us, and met us at the yar<
"'Soaked but smiling,' says be.
'What on earth has bappened to
make you look so pleasant, when
you are both as wet as a couple
of drowned kittens?' He had a
lantern, you see, and flashed it
r,ght in our faces. We didn't
tell him anything then, but be
found out about a month after
when I came to ask for Susie."
Just at this moment we were
interrupted by a pretty, scolding
voice from the house, exclaiming,
"Why, Ben, you will catch your
death of cold, sitting ou- there
without your coat when the dew
Simpson had been over an hour
telling his story. Our pipes had
gone out and the sun had gone ,
down, but there was still light
enough to mark the placid expres
sion of delight that came over his
face ut the mere sound of his wife's
voice; and I thought I saw plain
er than ever before how it had
happened that the lively little
Susie had married my slow friend,
and had done wisely in so doing.
THE ORIGIN OF THE JUMP
Something like twenty years
ago, a miserable brick house in a
back alley was the bome of Arch
ibald Ramsey, a Scotch carpenter.
He worked down-town in a shop,
making cornices, moldings, man
tels, and a variety of the more
elaborate parts employed in finish
ing houses. Every evening he took
home pocketfuls, and often hand
fuls also, of bits and ends from the
These oddly shaped fragments
of sft, oweet-smelling pine fur
nished amusement for poor little
Alec, Mr. Ramsey's hunchback
boy; and when they had served
this purpose, they were used as
kindlings in the kitchen stove.
There was a houseful of little
Ramseys, of whom Alec 'w as the
oldest, an d whben he was amused, so
were the others, thus giving the
overworked mother t.ime for other
Alec was sixteen years old, and
not taller than an average boy of
ten. He was very much deformed,
and had he lived in an age and
country of kings seeking dwarfs
and human oddities for "court
fools" or "jesters," he would have
been a prize to some iron-bande d
tyrant. His shoulders were al
most as high as bis head, his arms
hung out loose and dangling, and
the rest of his body was shrunken
and slender to a most pitiable de
gree. But whoever, with a tender
heart, looked into bis great, ques
tioning eyes and noted his broad,
fair forehead and his clean, deli
cate hands, would soon forget the
sad shape in the nobility of the
I need not linger to speak of his
studies, which, all unaided, he
pushed along with success; nor of
his constancy in the Sunday
school, where he was a universal
favorite. It is about his play with
the bits of pine from the shop I
wish to tell you.
Many a.droll pile he built on the
kitchen floor ; many a funny thing
he whittled out to amuse the little
ones ; many a comical toy he made
and gave away to neighboring
children. Often he said, and of
tener thought, "What can I whit
te that will sell?" For only
money seemed likely to bring him
the changed, life for which he
longed. Once , when he sold for
a few pennies a queer little pine
trinket, his father stroked his
silken hair and said :
"Ah, me puir bairnie, I dinna
ken but ye may mak' your fortoon
wi' your knife."
How that little piece of encour
agement rang in his ears and stim
ulated him to think and whittle,
whittle and think !
One genial afternoon in May,
Alec crept out to enjoy the balmy
air, and, by the noise of a crowd
of urchins on a vacant lot at a lit
tle distance, was drawn in that
direction. Here he saw a colored
boy, named Jack, attempting, for
the amusement of t1he party, all
jsorts of pranks in imitations of
c..rns nerformers- Bareheaded
and clothed in striped red and yel
low garments of coarse quality,
the negro 1 d almost seemed made
of Jndia rubber.
Alec watcbed his capers in
amusement. Never before had lie
seen such antics, or even thought
them possible. It wds no wonder
that the frail, stiff.jointed little
hunchback dreamed it all over
again, as he did that night.
The next morning his whittling
genius took shape from this event,
and before noon he had produced
a rude pine image of the negro
head, arms and legs loosely hung
with bits of broom-wire, and the
whole curiously arranged, so that
by working a string, it would
jump, nod, turn somersaults, and
go through quite a series of con.
tortions. With colored pencils, of
which he had some cheap speci
mens, he blackened its head, neck,
hands and feet, reddened its lips,
whitened its eyes, and rudely
striped in yellow and red the body,
all in imitation of the little negro
gymnast. Before it was completed
his younger brother, who had been
with hin the day before, named it
"Jumping-Jack." Arid in the af
ternoon, when he went to the va
cant lot and exhibited it to the
youngsters there, it was not only
universally but boisterously hailed
by the same name. When. he re
turned home, he brought, instead
of the Jumping-Jack, a silver half
dollar, for which he had sold the
toy to an eager, well-dressed lad
of his own age. And not only this,
but he had orders from the boys
for half a dozen more ; to be made
as soon as possible.
Ob, what a proud, glad heart
beat within that deformed little
body of Alec's ! How his temples
throbbed! How elastic his step!
What flashing eyes! what a skein
of wild and hopeful talk he un
wound to his mother? So much
money for his whittling, and a
chance for more and more! Cas.
ties, sky-high and star-brigh t!
But I have not told you all.
That evening he whittled, and
the next day he whittled, and be
fore night had added to his capi
tal three more shining half-dollars
The next day he doubled bih
money. The demand for jump
ing-jacks increased. Boys cam<
to the door, silver in hand, to gel
what he had no time to make.
His grave Scotch parents.begar
to hold serious counsel over the
matter. If Alec could find suel:
sale for these pine images in thal
neighborhood, why, the whbole city
would require thousands; and
what would -sell elsewhere also
If they could supply the market, e
fortune might readily be made..
Scotch blood, on ce aroused and
callenged, is sanguine and yen,
But it would be uninteresting t<
repeat all the detaIls ; so the res1
of my story shall be brief.
Alec's Sunday school teacher
who was a lawyer, procured foi
him a patent on jumping.jacks o
every description ; a rich old un
cle of Alec's mother built him
factory and started him in busi
ness; and, within a year from thi
afternoon when the poor !ad won
dered at the pranks of the colore<
boy, jumping-jacks from the Ram
sey factory were selling in grea
numbers all over America.
Truly Alec did "mnak' a fortool
wi' his knife."
To school he went ; into a bette
house, all their own, the famil~
moved ; easier circumstances, bet
ter health, less weariness, an4
ample means for doing good, cam
to the Ramseys.
But the best point in my stor:
is that a fine asylum and school fo
hunchbacks, free to the poor,i
one of the noble enterprises t
which Alec has been chief contri
butor.-l. L. Beman, ASt. .Nicholai
There is no absurdity in ar
proving as well as condemning th
same individual; for a few peopl
are always in the right so on tb
other hand it is improbable the:
should be in the wrong.
Prayer is a pitcher that fetchet)
water from the brook, therewit:
to water the herbs. Break tb
pitcher and it will fetch no watel
and for want of water the garde
THE MACKEREL FISHERV.
How Mackerel are Caught and Prepared for
the Market-Mackerel Catchers and Their
What the cod is-abroad, macker
el is in the country for which it is
fished-an universally popular
dish. It is always in season ; salt
ed or fresh, macherel occupies the
place on the American breakfast
table that con does in the tropics.
The mackeral season begins in
March and endures r.nt-il Novem
ber, steadily increasing all the
time. The first cargoes landed
are invariably of poor quality, al
though of good size; but as the
season advances the fish improve.
The quality suitable for packing
comes in about the middle of July.
The early mackerel are fished
for as far South as Cape Henry,
and from thirty to fifty miles off
shore. From May to July they
are found along the coast from
Cape May to Gay Head. Thence
they progress steadily northward
until from August to November
the Canadian fishery assumes its
Mackerel, like cod, are baited
with a mixture of salted clams and
small fish, ground fine. This bait
is thrown overboard, and sinking
to the depth at which the fish lie,
lures them to snapping indiscrim
inately at bait and bare books.
So ravenously do the -fish bite,
that a single fisherman often fills
a barrel in less than half an hour.
Each fisherman uses two lines at
In 1873 the seine was first
brought into use in the mackerel
capture, and the line fishery,
as a specialty, is now 'rapidly
dying out. The seines are vast
nets, 175 fathoms long and 24
fathoms deep in the middle, grad
ually diminishing to half that size
at the ends. The upper edge is
floated by buoys. Along the
lower edge a purse line is rove
through iron rings, which also
serve to sink the net. The seine
is cast from a large barge, the
ground having been previously
baited as for line fishing.
Two boats accompany the seine
barge, and as the net is cast they
carry the purse and cork lines to
the right and left until the ex
treme limit of the long ropes is
reached. Then a slight sweep is
made, and the lines gradually.
drawn until the net is, in fishing
parlance, "pursed up" with the
fish inclosed in its meshes. The
schooner now runs down to the
scene of the cast, and the fish are
The process of seining in good
weather is perfectly easy, but high
winds and uneasy seas render it
impracticable, and then the time
is eked out with line fishing.
Seining is often subject to failure,
too; the fish frequently diving un
der the net, or taking fright and
backing out before they are en
losed. From ?00 to 300 barrels
of fish are as many as can be well
b andled in a single cast, and the
fishermen, therefore, rarely attack
the largest shoals.
Mackerel go in large shoals, but
scatter sometimes over miles of
ocean. in consequence et this the
.mackerel schooners usually sail
in fleets, baiting a large area, and
prosecuting their labors with mil
itary precision. TLong practice
lends the various vessels of a fleet
a unity of action as perfect as i:
their movements were directed
by a commodore. As all are o:
about the same size and rigged
alike, the effect of such a commer.
cial navy can be imagined as a
The preparation of mackerel for
market, which takes place after
every day's fishing, is in some re
spects very similar to that of the
cod. They are dressed by split
ting them down the back, takina
out the "gibs" or entrails, and let
ting the blood soak out of their
by immersion in clear salt watel
for several hours. Then they are
taken out, laid singly in barrels, and
a handful of salt is sprinkled over
each. After settling, some of the
pickle is drained off, and the bar
rel is filled and headed up.
Two hundred and fifty-one
thousand barrels of salted mack
erel were inspected in the United
Advertisements inserted at the rate of
$1.00 per square (one inch) for first insertion
and 75 cents for each subsequent insertiOn.
)ouble column advertisements ten per cent.
Notices of meetings, obituaries and tributes
of respect, same rates per square as ordinary
Special Notices in Local column 15 cents
Advertisements not marked with the num
ber of insertions will be kept in till forbid,
and charged accordingly.
Special contracts made with large adver
tisers, witb liberal deductions on above rates.
DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
States in 1875, and 32,000 cans of
the fish preserved. The Canadian
fisheries, for the same year, yield-.
,ed 151,460 barrels.
From fifteen to twenty men
constitute the crew of a mackerel
schooner. Like those on tbe cod
fishermen, they are employed on
what is known as the "half-line
lay." They receive no stated wa
ges, but draw half the value of the
en'.ire catch for themselves, out of
which they pay the wages of ther
cook, half the bait bill, and the same
share of the packing. In -a good
season they realize a profit of 40
per cent. The average earnings
of a mackerel fisherman are $300
Tne other half of the catch goes
to the owners of the-schooner,
who pay their share of the ex
penses, and a percentage to the
A NEwORDER.-The other day,
after a stz apping young man had
sold a load of corn and potatoes on
the market and had taken his team
to a hotel barn to 'feed,' it became
known to the men around 'the
barn that he was very desirous of
joining some secret- society- in
town. When questioned, he ad.,
mitted that such was the case,'
and the boys at once offered-.to
initiate -him into a new order,
called 'The Cavaliers of Coveo.'
He was told that it wasi twice as
secret as Free Masonry, much
nicer than Odd Fellowship, an d
the cost was only twno dollars.. In
case he had the toothache he could
draw five dollars per week fro m
the relief fund, and he was enti- '
tied to receive ten dollars for ev
ery headache, and twenty-five
dollars for a soreithroat.
The young man thought he
had struck a big thing, and aft er
eating a hearty dinner he was
taken into a storeroom above the
barn to be initiated. . The boys
poured cold water down his back,
put flour on his hair, swore him
to kill his mother, if, commarided,
and rushedifhim around for an
hour' without a single complaint
from his lips. When they had fin
ished be inquired :
'Now I'm one of the Cavaliers
of Coveo, am I?'
'You are,' they answered.
'Nothing more to learn, is
'Well, then, I'm going to -Lick
the whole crowd!l' continued th e
candidate, and he went at it, and
before he got through he Y'ad hiis
two dollars iriitiation fee back,
and three more to boot, and. haa
knocked everybody down two,or
three times apiece. He didn't
seem greatly disturbed in mind
as he left the barn. On the con
trary, his hat was slanted over,
he had a fresh five-cent cigar in
his teeth, and he mildly said to
one of the barn-boys:
'Say, boy, if you hear of1 any
cavaliers, asking for a Coveo about
my size, tell 'em I'll be in- on the
full of the moon to take. the Royal
MORAL BEAUTY.-What is the
beauty of nature but a beauty
clothed with mo:-al associations ?
What is the highest beauty of
literature, poetry, fiction, and
the fine arts, but a moral beau
ty which. genius has bodied
forth for the admiration of the
world ? And what are those qual
itIes of the human character which
are treasured up in the memor1
and heart of nations-the objects
of universal rcverence and exulta
tion, the themes of celebration,
of eloquences, and- the festal of
song, the enshrined of dolls of ho.
man adiniration and love ? Are
they not patriotism, philanthropy,
and martyrdom ?
If a mnan wUi nl start with a