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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture Markets, &c.
Vol. XV. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1879. No. 49.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
At Newberry, S. C.
BY THOS. F. GRENEKER,
Editor and Proprietor.
Teims, $e.O0 per .,un,1M
Invariably in Advance.
Tito paper is stopped at the expiration 01
time for which it is Paid.
t- The >1 mark denotes expiration c r sub
Watches, Clocks, Jewebry.
WTCHES IND E ERV
At the New Store on Hotel Lot.
I have now on hand a large and elegant
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
Silver and Plated Ware,
VIOLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS,
SPECTACLES AND SPECTACLE CASES,
WEDDING AN3 BIRTHDAY PRESENTS.
IN ENDLESS VARIETY.
All orders by mail promptly attended to.
Watchmaking and Repairing
Done Cheaply and with Dispatch.
Call and examine my stock and prices.
Nov. 21, 47-tf.
I am receiving a full line of
Fine Gold Jewelry,
PLAIN GOLD RINGS,
fterling ilver Wedding Preents
I am Agent for the J. E. SPENCER &
Diamond Pebble Glasses,
all ages. Watch and all kind of Repairing
and Engraving done in the Best Style.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Oct. 22, 43-2w.
The subscriber having bought the stock
of the firm of J. Taylor & Co., will continue
to conduct the business in all of its various
PAINTING AND TRIMMING,
All of which w~ill be done in first class style.
I have a choice and well selected stock
of seasoned material and will build
Double and Single Seat
for sale and to order, of any style or pat
tern, promptly, and guarantee satisfaction,
as I will employ none but the best and
most careful workmen; and spare no pains
e make -mny work first class.
OLD CARRIAGES AND BUGGIES reno
vated and wade to look equal to new.
REPAIRING done in the best manner
and with dispatch.
HORSESHOEING and PLANTATION
WO0EKI promptly done.
All of the above will be executed
ATLOWVEST CASH PRICES.
A liberal patronage respectfully solicited.
Shop Opposite Jail,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Oct. 8, 41-6m.
'RIL CA E.
Respectfully announce that they have on
hand the largest and best variety of BU
R.IA L t.jASES ever brought to Wew berry,
Fisk's Metalic Cases,
COFFINS of their own Make,
Which are the best and cheapest in the
Having a FINE H EARSE they are pre
paed to funinsh Fnera in town or cnun
HATS, SHOES, &c.
NEW FALL STOCK
HIGlT & J. W COPPOCK
Iuvite attention to their elegant stock of
Clolhing & Iurishi Goods,
Both in Quality and
Suits Fine, Medium, Commen,
LOWER THAN EVER.
CIVE US A CALL.
\VRIGlT&J. W. OPPOK,
No. 4 Mollohon Row,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Oct. 1, I-Iy.
0. B. BUTLER & C0.,
The undersigned have associated together
for the purpose of conducting a MACHINE
SHOP and GRIST MILL, and will give par
ticular attention to
Repairing Engines and Boilers,
and persons having work of this kind to do
will find it to their advantage to patronize
us. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
We are also Agents for
OUR GRIST MILLS
Are running datily, turning out the best
>f Meal, and Merchiants can rely on being
mnppli.-d at all times and AT TIlE LOW
Mr. JAS. ROLLISON, the well known
Backsmith, is with us and is assisted by a
Mr. THOS. CH APMA N. late of Jalapa, is
mn hand to do work in his line.
0. B. BUT LER.
R. HI. ANDERSON.
Nov. 5, 45-3m.
Eac S3eson of 0 oe38 pe iwiednto extw Se'cutionai
Mrs. uploeeial td cNi h h W reits N e a Book,
ullv of e actca ioxrmuai r or
TLhe youngo 1 hous erkesu. ep ess uide n
The exprience hocuepr' riend.
Scikn.TbBe,. Cilden, Copn,Mri
rnment, and amultitd a oteoics
nIpall t rea ia. ELs HOW OMKETH
IGHT, B TEACFL EN HPY .
"A bo of ciamoration.tliywllsl
oiTevr un houkeped uide.o nsia
TEED evpercity hoe,ee iend.con
trychmes, ldey Crich and por,
~rnget and ald.Fite oer oter Topcs
eaifu Bitndng, end otideo nsiran.
Kearly 600 pages. Low Prices. Sells rapidly.
AGENTS WANTED Daes e
~crition and terms tree.
. C. McCUEDY & CO., Philadelphia, Pa.
~incinnati, 0., Chicago, Ill., or, St. Louis, Mo.
Nov. 12, 46-2m.
The subscribers inform the public that
hey have on hand EMBAILMING CASES,
and are prepared to EMBAL M in a satisfac
ory rianner. By the use of these cases
odies can be kept through all time with a
erfect preservation of features. Those
vho wish our services will c.ll on us. These
mbalming cases are beautiful in their
nake and we guarantee them to be all that
s said of them, or take back and refund
RL I, ~IM N & 80N.
Dec. 11, 50--ly.
The Southern Cultivator.
Now is the time to subscribe for this ol~
ad reliable Agricultural Journal. It is in
its XXXVIII volume, and stands at the head
f agricultural papers. It is now published
y the CONsTITUTION, Atlanta, Ga.
Price, - - - $ 1.50 per annum.
Clubs of 10, - - 12.50 "
Clubs of 20, - -- 20.00 "'
THE WEKLY CONSTITUTION,
THE GREAT sOUTHERN FAMILY PAPEE.
Price, - - - - $ 1.50 per annum.
Cubs of 10, - - - 12.50"
lubs of 20, - - - 20.00 "~
The Cultivator and Weekly
to the same address, 2.50 "
Agents wanted everywhere. Liberal com
mssions. Address CONSTiTUTIO,
Fain would I hold ry lamp of life aloft
Like yonder tower built high above th
Steadfast, thou tempest rave or winds blov
Clear, through the sky dissolve in tears o
For darkness passes; storms shall not abide
A little patience and the fog is past.
After the sorrow of the ebbing tide
The singing flood returns in joy at last.
The night is long and pain weighs heavily
But God will hold His world above despair.
Look to the east, where np the lucid sky
The morning climbs! The day shall yet
-Celia Thaxter, in Scribner.
THE GREENWOOD & AUGUS
TA R. R. AND THE PENI
The correspondence below Ifas
appeared in the Abbeville papers.
DEFENSE OF THE RAIL ROAD DIREC
STOCKADE No. 5,
ON GREENWOOD & AUGUSTA R. 1.,
EDGEFIELD COUNTY, S. C.,
Oct. 22, 1879.
To the Public: So many horri
ble charges of cruelty and bruali
ty towards the convicts at work
on the Greenwood and Augusta
Railroad, have lately been publish
ed in the newspapers, that the
undersigned board of directors of
said road feel it due to the public,
to themselves and to the employ
ees of the road, to make the fol
lowing plain statement of facts:
It is sadly true that during the
little over two years that the con
victs have been at work on our
road, about hilf of those we had
in charge have died, but it is also
true that about half of all their
deaths occurred the five next suc
ceeding months of the present
year, dating from 20th April, 1879,
when we received our last batch
of convicts from the Penitentiary,
and we are sorry to have to add
that we now believe most of them
died of scurvy, although uudou bt
edly very many of the dead con
victs likewise bad syphilis and
other chronic diseases.
At each of the stockades estab
lished on our road every reasona
ble effort has been made by the
board to provide for the comfort
and health of the convicts consist
ent with their safe-keeping. Eve
ry stockade has had a good spring
or well of pure water. A large
yard has been enclosed for exer
ise of the sick ; commodious pris
on pens have been erected, anoth
er separate structure for a hospi
tal has been built, still another
cabin for commissary stores put
tip, another for a guardhouse, yet
another for the superintendent,
besides two large tents for various
uses. A bountiful supply of ba
:on, corn bread, pcas and such
ther vegetables as could be had
in thc neighborhood have been
the usual diet of the well convicts,
but they have also had potatoes,
nions, sugar, molasses, turnips,
ollards, &c., by the barrel or wag
on load, and lemons by the box,
while flour, rice,, chickens, milk
and other delicacies have been
furnished the sick in large quanti
ies, both by the company and by
the neighboring citizens. Many
and many a box of tobacco has
been served to the well convicts
and w hiskey has been freely ad
inistered to the sick ones, es
pecially since we ascertained, on
the 19th day of August last, that
they had scurvy, since which time
hey have also been supplied lib
rally with ripe fruit, vegetables,
fresh meats, pure apple vinegar,
potatoes, &c. Particular care and
attention have also been given to
tbe cooking, and a regular diplo
matized practicing physician has
been employed to attend to the
ack at each stockade. Cleanili
ess of person, quarters, night
tubs, &c, has been studiously ob
served. An abundance of medi
:ine, shoes, clothing, blankets, &c.,
have always been kept on hand,
except once or twice in summer
when we have been a little short
of clothing and shoes, but during
the present year each of our con
victs has bad three suits of
The convicts may have beer
pressed somewhat hard at timei
to finish particular jobs of work
but ordinarily they have not been
overworked and have oftener
worked less than ten hours a day
than they have worked the full
ten hours. As a rule they have
never had less than an hour for
dinner and rest in winter, and
from two to four hours in summer,
according to length of the day oz
the heat of the weather. The su
perin tendent, overseers and guards
have never abused the convicts
habitually or even in particular
instances to our collective or in.
dividual knowledge, and some one
or more of the directors, who re
side at short intervals all along
the line of road, have almost daily,
and frequently several times a
day, either visited the stockade
where the convicts were kept for
the time or the railroad where
they were at work. No one but
the superintendent or head over
seer has been permitted to inflict
punishment, and then only with a
strap, and if scars are to be found
on the heads or persons of any of
the convicts we have had in
charge, (as is alleged by some of
the newspapers,) we unqualifiedly
deny that they have been inflicted
by our employees, except, perhaps,
in one or two instances for an at
tempt to revolt or escape. Yet,
although such has been our gener
al treatment, the sickness and
mortality, as before stated, has
been very great, especially during
last* summer and spring. That
scurvy was the most fatal disease
bardly admits of doubt, and al
though we had the best medical
attention in the neighborhood of
each stockade, and although nu
merous country physicians visited
each of the stockades Nos. 3, 4 and
5, where nearly all the deaths
have occurred, yet we were not
informed of the presence of scur
vy until the 18th of August last,
when it was discovered in most
of the convicts by a medical com
mittee, consisting of Drs. -J., C.
Maxwell, C. M. Burkhbalter and S.
G~. Meriwether. - That it was scur
vy which produced most of the
mortality is proven by the fact
that as soon as the prisoners were
treated and dieted for scurvy,
there was an almost instantane
ous change for the better, and on
ly o.no death has occurred from
disease at this stockade during
the last month, and only two oth
er deaths, as we are informed,
have happened among the twen
ty-five convicts returned by us to
the Penitentiary on the 26th of
September, nearly all whbich twen
ty-five wore rapidly con valescir'g
at the time of their departure for
Thbe scurvy of course was great
ly aggravated during the past
summer by the almost universal
and protracted drought in this part
of the State, preventing us from
supplying the convicts with the
fresh vegetables they would have
otherwise received. On the 8th
day ot April last our company re
ceived seventy-five convicts from
the Penitentiary without any
medical examination by our sur
geon, and many of tbose convicts,
as we are informed, were afflicted
with syphilis, dropsy, 'general de
bility or other constitutional dis
eases, .which rendered them unfit
for grading a railroad and made
them easy victims for the ravages
of disease. Although our written
contract called for seventy-five
"able-bodied" convicts, yet we re
ceived seven under fifteen years
of age and others having syphilis,
epilepsy, &c. We do not charge
that those convicts were the pick
ed invalids of the Penitentiary,
but it is not reasonable that the
most able-bodied or healthy were
selected by the overseers in tbe
Penitentiary, to be sent to us,
particularly when we were so glad
to get any, thiat we took all who
were offered without inspection or
examination. Among them were
undoubtedly several who had been
returned to the Penitentiary as
worthless by other lessees. If we
or our employees have been guil
ty of a wanton abuse of our trust
we have taken a strange why of
exhibiting it. Tfhe late investiga
tion which has been had by the
Penitnntiary authoritien into the
I causes of the mortality among the
convicts on our road was set on
foot by our president, Gen. P. H.
Bradley, and at our own expense.
This the superintendent of the
Penitentiary, Gen. T. J. Lipscomb,
admits in his report to the board
of directors, of the Penitentiary,
giving an account, of his first vis
it to our stockade on the 21st of
August last. In that report, wbich
bears date 2d of September, 1879,
he says he came to inspect our
convicts, in con3oquence of "hav
ing received a letter from Gen.
P. H. Bradley, president of the G.
& A. R. R., stating that a great deal
of mortality and sickness existed
among the convicts leased to that
The surgeon of the Penitentia
ry, Dr. Trezovant, never visited
our convicts until the 25th day of;
August, when he was ordered to
do so by Superintendent Lipscomb,
yet both of these officers, if we are
correctly informed, bad been com
manded by an order of the board
of directors of the Penitentiary, as
far back as the 22d of April last,
to visit every convict camp in the
State. Why did the superinten
dent and surgeon of the Peniten
tiary slumber over discharging
this duty so longn? They could
not plead ignorance of the fearful
mortality among our conyicts, be
cause regularly every month the
superintendent of our road, J. J.
Cahill, made a report to Gen. Lip
scomb of time lost, or worked by
each convict, as well as of the list
of the sick or dead since his last
monthly report. The superinten
dent and surgeon of the Peniten
tiary ought to be, and doubtles6
are, skilled in the best methods to
treat convicts at work on rail
roads, and if either of them had
visited our road in the spring or
early summer his suggestions
would gladly have been put into
practice, perhaps, to the benefit of
the convicts, particularly if it had
been impressed upon us, as it has
been since, that all prisoners long
confined are predisposed to scurvy.
When at last Superintendent Lip.
scomb and Surgeon Trezevant did1
make reports on our treatment of1
convicts, those reports contained1
such charges that our company
was summoned to appear before
the board of directors of the Pen
itentiary to answer these charges.1
On the 18th day of Septemberi
our president, vice-president and :
superintendent did appear before<
the board and made a thorough
showing in written answers and1
by numerous certificates of gen
tlemen and ladies near the stock
ade and line of our railroad thatt
the burden of the charges were
without foundation. Yet as the<
substance of those charges hast
been published in the newspapers, t
we respectfully submit that it /
would be but fair to publish the e
answer to the charges also. Lett
all the charges and all the answers <
therefore go to the world togeth- <
er, and we do not fear being ac- ~
quitted of any intentional guilt t
or gross negligence in our treat- <
ment of the convicts. Fair play e
is a jewel, and both sides ought to j
be heard. As a result of the in- t
vestigation by the board of direc- (
ters of the PenitLentiary, on the
18th of September it was agreed a
by and bet ween the Penitentiary .I
bEard and by our board through t
its president, 0Gen. Bradley, that
Dr. Pope, hospital steward of the
Penitentiary, and Dr. T. J. McKiie, <
who had been the surgeon in <
charge of railroad Stockade No. 4,
should make a thorough examina- <
tion of all the convicts on our <
road, both sick and well, and or
der such of them back to Colum- I
bia as they deemed advisable, be- t
cause of being unfit to work ona
the road, or for better treatment
in the permanent hospital in the I
city thani our temporary hospital
on the road afforded. Those phy
sicianis selected twenty-five con-<
victs to be thus returned, and they
were promptly returned at the
expense of the company, although I
several able-bodied ones were tak- I
en from work on the railroad with
out complaining of being sick<
at all. Several others rapidly con
valescing on the sick list under
treatrn'ent for scurvy, and who
would soon have been ready fori
labor on the road in opinion of a1
number of physicians, including
two of the undersigned, who saw
them the day before they started
for Columbia, were also included
in the twenty-five before mention
ed, while four or five obviously
feeble ones were left on our hands.
One of those twenty-five convicts
sent to Columbia died on the road
and another one shortly after ar
riving in Columbia, but if they
were tao feeble to be removcd
thither, it was io fault ofour com
pany, as Dr. Pope, who represent
ed the Penitentiary, when remon
strated with, said carry them, no
matter if they should die on the
road.he would take the respon.si
After carrying out the wish.s
of the board of directors of the
Penitentiary we hoped ou. trou
bles were over and that we should
be permitted to proceed with our
road prosperously, especially as
appropriate treatment for scurvy
had n(t only improved the health
and strength of the remaining
convicts but their spirit also.
Judge then of our surprise when
on the 6th day of October Super
intendentLipscomb and Dr. B M.
Taylor, of Columbia, turned up at
the stockade, inspected the same
and the convicts without giving
any notice to our president, sur
geon or superintendent, or saying
a word as to their object. We
i 03ver knew their purpose until
Gen. Bradley received on the 15th
day of October last a copy of a
resolution of the Penitentiary
board passed at a special meeting
Df the board when only - mem
bers were present, ordering us to
immediately return all the re
maining conviCts at work. for us
except eight in conformity with
the recommendation of Dr. Tay
or, dated 9th instant. From all
this it would seem that there was
% desire to break up our railroad
mntirelv and have all the convicts
,eturned to the "enitentiary eith
3r to be supported in idleness at
;be expense of the taxpayers or to
mt a canal and build factories as
well as operate them for the bene
it of Columbia at the expense of
bhe rest of the State. It is true
,he Greenwood and Augusta Rail.
'oad is on the extreme western
rerge of the State, but it is an im
>ortant link in the railroad sys
,em of the State, as it will he a
>ractical extension of the Port
Royal Railroad, especially when
~ompleted to Spartanburg and al
o to Anderson, as it it will be in
ime, and connect our greatest
eaport, Port Royal, with the
~reat North west. Therefore, all
he people in western Carolina
~re deeply concerned in its early
~ompletion, particularly the coun
ics of Beaufort, Colleton, Hamp
on, Barn well, Aiken, Edgefield,
te. Now that we have no serious
ickness among our.convicts, andI
hat they are all working splen-1
lidly except four or five feeble<
mnes unaccountably left us, iti
eems hard that we should have<
o quit work at this juncture w ben
ur grading is nearly completed,i
nd wIgen our railroad taxes haveI
ust begun to be collected in every
ownsbip along the line from
freenwood to Fury's Ferry. ..
If the road is to be. suspended <
s5 will be the case temporarily at<
east if all the convicts are to be1
aken away excep)t eight, for it is;
nockery to offer to leave us only<
ight with which to work, then
ur taxpayers will also becomei
lemoralized in all probability and
hereby greatly embarrass us, but
loubtless the three city medical
~xperts from the capital and their
~llies intended our work shouldi
e suspended and our railroad i
axes- too, if possible. Yet con
~its or no convicts our road shall1
ot prove a failure, and our stock
olders and friends may rest as
ured of this.
If we or our agents have abused
mur trust in mistreating the con
ricts, the State has our heavy
nd valid bond upon which to sue
'or damages. Besides, she has the
aw and can indict and punish'u.s.1
HVe have her consent to use the
onvicts by act of the Legislature,1
nd we also have her contract in
eriting through her officer and;
gent to the same effect, and we
ntend to stand upon our legal1
-iht uantiil eithe the Legislaure1
repeals the act granting us the
labor or until the courts shall or
der us to surrender the convicts.
We are the more resolved on
this course, because a medical
committee, consisting of three
well-known and skilful physicians
of Edgtefield, to wit: Hon. H. A.
Shaw, now a member of the Leg.
islature, E. M. Burkhalter and G.
S. Merriwether, have this day re
ported, after careful investigation,
that the health of our convicts
has much improved of late, and
that the whole of them are capa
ble of performing the ordinary la
bor required of the ordinary la.
borer-except six who are resting
in the yard-not one in the bos.
pital and only one death during
the last monto, from heart dis
ease, of a convict formerly injured.
on the Edgefield -and Trenton
Railroad, whence he was returned
to the Penitentiary as worthless,
but was deemed good enough to
be sent to our road. We feel con
fident that the harrowing experi
ence we have acquired will pre
vent us ever having any more
scurvy among our convicts.
In reference to the grave
charges which have-been preferred
against either us or our agents in
the public prints. we say boldly
once and for all, that: we invite
impartial investigation by the
courts or by a committee of the 1
Legislature. Our- self-respect as
men, to say not.hing. of our pride I
of character as citizens, would
have prevented us from intention- i
ally wronging or p-rmitting, the
convicts to be -Wronged. More
over, we have had and all have a
deep, direct,. personal and pecuni
ary interest in:-treating- the :con
victs well, so as to get; our road
completed. For these reasons. a
just or generous man would think I
the terrible sickness and mortali
ty among them had 'sufficiently
distressed our feelings and embar
rassed our enterprise without also
making us the recipients of whole- .a
sale and undeserved abuse.
More convicts died irn the Peni
tentiary last year~than died on the
Greenwood and Augusta railroad,
and about as many died in 'the e
Penitentiary this year as have t
died on our road. We have also
been reliably informed that the
general symptoms of the disease t
which bas proven so fatal:to the t
convicts both on the railroad and
in the Penitentiary during the 1
two !s -tars have been identi
eally the same-general. debility, j
aruptions and dropsies of the low- t
er extremities, alternating with
Thronic diarrboea, which are at
t.endant symptoms of scurvy, ac
sording to all,the medical books.
Now, as the health of the con-A
v'icts in the Penitentiary this year
bas been exceptionally good and
is the health of our convicts hasj
een wretched, especially that of
,he last lot of seventy-five we re
3eived without medical examina
ion in April last, the public can
iraw its own inference as .to how
,he mortality ceased so suddenly
ni the Penitentiary and why it
>roke out so alarmingly on our
'oad immediately afterwards.
When so many convicts died in .e
bhe Penitentiary last .year, no f~
~limor was raised in any quarter
~oncerning it, but when only about
he same number have died this
rear on3 our road, and died too of
lisease contracted in all probabili .g
y to a large extent in - the. Peni- e
~ent.iary, or in the jails before be
ng sent to us, agreat hue and cryd
a heard all over the land. I1
Our company got its first hun- ca
Ired convicts from the Penitentia- d
yon the 24th of September, 1877,
ynd as our own surgeonsexamie
3ach one before receiving him, o
ibhey were for the most part a very b
bealtby lot of laborers, among
whom only six deaths occurred, a
aven when counting several who t
were killed for trying to escape t
:luring the first eight months that I
we had th.em, say up to May,
But after we obtained a second
ot of fifty convicts on the 2d of t
K'ay, 1878, the sickness and mor- 0
1ality among them soon developedr
it a fearful rate, and when we got
a third batch of forty more; DIe- t
sember the 6th, 1878, the mortali- t
by again swelled to an undue pro- a
portin. However. it is but .the o
Advertisements inserted at the rate of
$1.00 per square (one inch) for first insertion
-.nd 75 cents for cach sabsequent insertion.
Double column advertiemcits ten per cer'lt.
Notices of meetings, ohituaries and tributt s
ot-repe-r, same rates per square as ordinai y
Special Notices in Local column 15 ca&n s
Advertisements notmarked withthe nrr
ber of insertions will be kept in ti forbid,
and chnrged accordingly.
Special contracts made with large sdver
tisers. with liberal deductions-on above rates.
DONE WITIT NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
simple truth that when we receiv
ed the second and third batch of
convicts- above mentidnbd, Mr.
Parmele, the then supperintendent
of the Penitentiary, streniously
objected to our taking them, be
cause, as be said, most of them
were badly diseased and would
die on our hands. We unfortu
nately failed to heed his counsel
in our eagerness to get labor of
any sort. They have died as he.
predicted they would. in great
numbers; but the last lot of sev
enty-five received from Superin
tendent Lipscomb on the 7th of
April, 1879, have died at a far
more appalling rate, considering
fhe time we have had them, than
%ny of tne other lots.
In August, 1878, Superintendent
Parmele visited our Stogke NQ.
3 at a time when there was negy
is much sickness and, as many
leathsamong.the convicts 4s there
wvere at Stockade No. 5,. in Au
Yust, 1879, when uperintendpnt
Lipscom b visited it at our reqLest.
3uperintendent Parmele highly,
)raised the general plan of our
Itockade as well as. our manage
nent of the prisoners, -both ~sick
wd well, saying we were <doing a
etter part by.the..convicta, in our
aemporary country quarters than
secould do for them2in- the, per-..
nanent~ quartersst the Pen iteatias
in, its appointemntseaand, disci-.
>line is almost a duplicate of Stock
Lde No. 3 which elicited thie warm
nei 878, yet. Suerintendent
ipscomb~ was not satisfled wi,h
Loything he saw at Stock:ade No.
in 1-87 -*-- - ~ ~ ~^ ~
I'i suanit igthisiskatement of
acts to the public,-we claim that
f mistakes have,been made th'ey
2. Thbat-o onviets.have always
een well fed, and generay weHt
3. That the secretary's..minates
how that, the-.directors havelig.
ued every order and used all dbe
rigilance. to provest~ erneIty,-kard.
bip or inhumanity~
4. That the mortality was odue
argely to p vious condition of
onvicts, an dwto disease: beyond
be pale of medicine.
5.. hat the o.n-its-hvedeen
ttended by phyeicians who are
he peers of any~in the.State.
6. TPhat the hospital treatiment
pas as good as.could be giv6n to
riapacled prisoners, and equal to
hat received by the ordiDary it
orer of the country.
As a large number of newspa
ers found space-to publish severe
ttacks on. our marnagement. of
onvicts, we hope their sense of
istice will induce them to.publish
P.:H. BIIdDLEY, Pr.esident.
G. D.' TILLMAN, Vice-President.
A. M. AI,KEN, Secretary.
~. W. Lites, G. W. Nixon,
7.* K. Bradley, J. D. Neel,.
.B. Kennedy, J. C.: Maxwell,
.H. Middleton, B. Reynolds, Jr.,
esse Stone, . J. N. Dendy,
f. L. Parks, 'S. B. Hodges,
os. Merriwether J..-T. Parks,
. .Burkhalter, IJ. In Pressley,
T. F. Riley.
ard of Col. T. 3.. Lipsconmb, Se
e~rintendent of the Peni
- CoLrIBIA, S.-C.,
.Novemnber 15, 1879.
In your issue of the 12th. insta'fr
rere appears a commui~nication head
I "The B3ailroad Convicts. *eThe de
oce of ie Greenwood and Augusta
ailroad directors. How. the con
icts have beestecared for. .T be - true
iwardness of the Penitentiary inves-~
gatiion." Dated October 22, 1879.
aIn this commuigation i4.is very.va
ae as to who is charged with enmity,
nspiracy, opposition to the Green
ood and Augusta R,ailroad, and false
uarges and accusations against its
irect,ors. . $o far-, I. am. econcerned
assert that I acted s.olely -as an..f
er of the State in the' discbarge of my
uty, and that alone. If therefore say
iat if anything in the communica
on referred to was intended to-a
art or imply that I ma~de false charges
e- acted from im:proper motives, I
ereby denounce that much of it .as
tterly untrue and maliciously.unjust.
[ajor W. K. Bradley, -whose :name
anears among the signatures, assets