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AFamily Companlion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agricultur,ires c
Vol. XV. WEDR,NESDIAY MOIRNING, DECEMIBER '24, 187.No 2
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A WOMAN*S WISH.
Would I were lying in a field of clover,
Of clover cool and soft, and soft, and sweet,
With dusky c!ouds in deep skies hanging
And scented silence at my head and feet.
Just for one hour to slip the leash of Worry
In eager haste, from Thought's impatient
And watch it coursing- in its heedless hurry
Disdaining Wisdom's whistles-Duty's beck.
Ah., it were sweet, where clover clumps are
And daisies biding, so to hide and rest;
No sound except my own heart's sturdy
Rocking itself to sleep within my breast.
Just to lie there filled with the deeper breath..
That comes of listening to a free bird's
Our souls require at times this full unsheath
All swords will rust if scabbard-kept too
And I am tired! so tired of rigid duty!
So tired of all my tired hands find to do!
I yearn, I faint, for some of life's free beauty,
Its loose beads with no straight string run
Aye, iaugh, if laugh you will, at my crude
But women sometimes die of such a greed;
Die for the small joys held beyond their
And the assurance they have all they need!
LIGHT IN A DARK PLACE.
BY REV. B, BAUSMAN.
Ir Italy "the sky is so clear
thatyou seem to see beyond the
moon." And in Chaldea and Ara
bia the stars appear large and
brigat as if let down earthward
to i1vite you to study and love
then. In the latter country the
trav ler is nightly tempted to
eara from this twinkling book of
the heavens. Till midnight would
we )ften sit on the camp-stools be
forc th'e door of our tent, devout
ly s:udying the lessons of these
lights of a dark and dreary east
ern world. In the dark mnoonless
sky they hang like so many living
lanterns, as beacons to guide the
ages to the Light of the world.
b this sky-volume the ancients
stuied astronomy, devoutly seek
ing for Life and Light-for a star
ry path to Heaven. For, as Young
says, "An undevout astronomer is
ma.." Shepherds on Arabian and
CLaldean plains, then as now,
wached the stars all night long,
as .,bey kept their flocks. In an
ciet times, knowledge a nd
scnce, in the far East, were con
fimed to a particular class. By
exlusive family descent, the mem.
be's of this class were the pro
plats and priests of the people,
the interpreters of dreams and the
consellors in political affairs. As
te Levites among the Jews, and
te Chaldeans among the Assy
rins, so the Magi or Wise Men
were the prophets and priests of
scece and religion. They wrote
aid had charge of the sacred
bcoks of the ancients, and inter
peted their mysteries to the peo
pe. They were "the revealers of
srets," as were the wise men of'
te king of Babylon, of whom
Dniel was muade chief. Dan. ii,
in a certain part of Arabia-it
nust have been Araby the Blest
-some of these Wise Men lived
aout the time of our Savior's birth.
ihey were heathen men, groping
ter Light and Peace, amid the
trkness of their idolatrous sys
ems. They were uneasy, home
sk, yet earnest men, knowing full
vel that they needed a Divine
eliverer, but not knowing what
o call, or where to find him. At
bat time already the Jews were
attered all over the East. They
tore their faith and their rever
mee and love for Jerusalem an,i
,be Temiple with them. A large
uber of the Teo Tribes remain
d n the land toward the rsn
sun, at the close of their captivi
ty. Many of them were wealthy
and intelligent. In their inter
ourse with the Gentiles, they
spoke much about thcir law, about
he prophecies pertaining to their
future prosperity as a nation.
Much, too, was said about the
)roised Messiah-the great com
ing King of the Jews. For many
.ars the report and impression
had spread in the Gentile East,
that about this time a great World
Conaueror was to be born in Ju
dca. Many earnest Gentiles long
ed . and prayed for his coming,
for they saw clearly that heathen
gods could not save the world or
them. Among these earnest Gen
tiles were certain "Wise Men."
They must have been-men of,
wealth and standing. The Cath
olic Church holds that they were
three kings-shicks or chiefs of
tribes. We know not for certain
how many they were. They were
astronomers, and bad learned to
see the finger of God in the move
ments of the heavenly bodies. As
they were Gentiles and not Jews,
the Messianic prophecies in the
Scripures could profit them little.
But whilst these students and pro
phets of Nature could not under
stand God's written word, they
read his will in the starry heav
The great astronomer, Kepler,
has discovered that in the year
747 after the founding of Rome
(one year before our Saviour's
birth) a very singular conjunction
between the planets Saturn and
Jupiter took place, in the sign of
the Fish ; and that the following
Spring the planet Mars joined
Saturn and Jupiter ; and that
a fourth star was most probably
added to this conjunction. The
great and good man, with reason,
holds that this was the "star of the
Wise Men." And Wieseler alleges
that the astronomical tablets of the
Chinese report that a new star
appeared in the year correspond
ing to that in which our Saviour
was born (750 after the founding
How natural that these. wise
men, by long and careful study
familiar with the heavenly bodies,
and nightly searching for light in
this grandest field of study, should
be among the first to see the new
star. To their receptive minds
ic was the finger of God-thbe shin
ing of a light in a dark place. W as
it conscience, learning, religious
intinct, or some heathen prophe
cy that taught them : Up and
follow this star pilot ? Or per
haps some pious Jew had told
them that "there shall come a star
out of Jacob and sceptre shall rise
out of Israel." INurn. xxiv. 47.
Wbo precisely these wise men
were, and how they lived, can not
be accurately told. Possibly they
lived at the court of some eastern
king, like Daniel and his three
companions, interpreting dreams
and giving counsel in matters civ
il and religious. It is not unlikely
that they lived in tents, at whose
doors, one morning, their camels
were made to kneel, inviting their
masters to mount them. In the
East, then as now, as a rule every
man of means had a wife, and
many had more than one. Without
oiung violence to the text, we can
bring a group of women and chil
ren into this parting scene, em
bracing these long-bearded sages.
To all of them it was a solemn
pating. The men had discovered
their need of a new king-a Prince
f Salvation and a King of souls.
The star has heralded his coming.
And now they must go and wel-:
ome his Advent. Precious gifts
were secured and carefully packed.
old, the most precious metal
ten known; tran kincense and
yrrh. both products of Arabia,
and used in the incense sacrifices
f the temple; these are taken 1
aong. Thus start they, freighted
with costly treasures for the new
orn king. A solemn caravan this]
was, more solemn and significan t
han any that ever bad made pil- 1
rimage to Jerusalem, or since
ten to Mecca. Servants led the
amels as their wise riders spake
ogether about the mysterious
tar. Where shall they look for
he child ? Jerusalem is the capi
al of the Jewish nation, the bomne
f its kings. In t.his home, in the
palace of its ruling monarch, must
tey look for the child-heir of the
iebrew throne. Sur-ely "not in
a corner," nor obscure village, nor
n an unknown p)rivate family
ould such a star heralded king be
orn. It must take place in Jeru
alem, in the palace of the King
At his time Herod the Great
was king of Judea. He %as an
Idumean by descent, the son of i
Antipater. About thirty-five years
before this time the Roman Senate
had appointed him king of the
Jews, or of Judea, but such was
the hatred and aversion of the
Jews to him that it required three
years before he could take posses
sion o1 his throne. He murdered
his Wife Marianne, and his two
sons, besides committing many
other cruelties. A bad heart and
a guilty Counscince make cowards.
At this time Herod must have
been the most hateful and hated
man in Jerusalem. The city had
just been stirred to its center by a
collision between him and a cer
tain class of Jews. Six thousand
Pharisees refused to take the oath
of allegiance, and these were the
representatives of a much larger
number of Jewish toes of Herod. At
this time, too, every body spoke of
certain prophecy foretelling "the
divinely intended transfer of the
kingdom from Herod and his race
to a favorite of the Jews." ~All
this would naturally excite 'the
nerves of even a better man than
In the midst of these ominous
forebodings, a messenger ah
nounces to the king the arrival of
a caravan of distinguished men,
asking for an interview. Perhaps
the question occurred to him
"Might not this be part of a plot
to dethrone him ? perhaps a cun
ning device of the Jews!" He
hears their message. "Whore is
he that is born King of the Jews?
For we have seen his star in the
east, and are come to worship
him." A star! Surely these mast
foretell future events by the ap
pearance and situation of the stars.
For all heathen minds, and espe
cially kings like Herod, consulted
the stars before entering upon an
importa;t onterprise. Now the
stars announce that a new king of
udea has been born. Whbere else
ut in Herod's family could this
ake place. And he kno ws nothbing
bout it until these men of the far
ast bring him the news. What
~an it mean ? "He was trou bled,
nd all Jerusalem with him." ]
Herod, though a cunning politi
~ian and a shrewd far-seeing ty
ant, was in some things a very
gnorant man. A century before,
he idumeans were made Jews by
.forced circumcision through
Ryrcanus. In fact they remain
d ILdumeans still, though circum
~ised-a sort of half-pagan barba
ians. To this extent, too, Herod
vas a Jew by descent. But of the
ewish law he was wholly igno- I
ant. He consults the "chief priests ~
nd scribes"-the seventy mem
ers of the great council, all learn- ~
d in the law. Where should ~
Jhrist be born ? ."In Bethlehem
fJudea," is the reply. What can
il this mean ? "When did the
tar appear ? Go to Bethlehem
d search for the child and bring
e word again."
It seen;s they had lost sight of
he star for a season. Now it reap
ears, and guides them to the place
~vere the young child was. Iin
be East it is not unusual for peo
>e to travel by night, when the
~tar would be visible. During the
lay it was out of sight. By night,
nost likely, they journeyed from
erusalem to Bethlehem. Two
ours travel brought them to the
ate of the town. Who could lead
hem to the house where the in
rant King lay ? The star stood
ver it. Besides, certain shep
erds, who had received a strange
~ngelic message, called attention
c the child. Thus all the people I
f the town had heard of this a
~trange birth in the stable. t
Many a curious question must C
~ave occurred to the minds of the '
ise Mlen on-their journey. Sure
y a costly palace must be the e
iomeC of sueb a child, whose birth I
beu stars of heaven announce. y
Lib and powertul must his pa- 1
ents be. What hands sufficiently c
~killful to make the cradie, to y
eave and make the garments of t
uch an heir ? At the end of the c
,own they are led to a low open- r
ng in the hill-side. Leaving their l1
iandals at the door, they rever. t
ntly enter. It is a cave or chain- c
),, hewn out of the rock, oncei
used as a grave but lately as a sta- s
ble. The walls, ceiling and floor
of the room are the solid rock. 1<
Near a low manger or trough, out I
of which the cattle are wont to
eat, sits a man and a woman on I
the floor, clad in such scanty s
clothes as poor laboring people in I
that country wear. It happens to b
be a hard-working, industrious g
carpenter of Nazareth and his a
wife. In the manger aside of them 'T
lies their new-born babe, wrapped a
in swaddling clothes. What a t
scene! A king-the King of kings h
-born in a stable, ard laid in a Q
manger! No matter to those "men '
of desires," seeking the light. A
true king be still can be and is, C
though born here and now. tl
In eastern countries no one r
greets such a royal infant empty- i
handed. The best and costliest
gifts are brought.to show him re
verence. They lay their treasures t
%t the child's feet, and fall down
ind worship him-worshiped, did t
reverence to the pure tender babe r
lying in the manger. The godly f
arpenter looked on with wonder
ng eyes, and the meek mother a
"kept all these things and ponder. t
ad them in her heart." s
Thou fairest Child Divine
In yonder manger laid,
In whom is God himself well pleased,
By whom were all things made,
On me art Thou bestowed ;
How can such wonders be!
The dearest that the Father hath S
He gives me here in Thee! n
I kneel beside Thy couch, t
I press Thee to my heart,
For Thee I gladly all forsake
And from the creature part;
Thou priceless Pearl! Lo, He
By whom Thou'rt loved and known. d
Will give himself and all he hath e
To win Thee for his own.
In Bethlehem of Judea they I
ound the babe of Mary. The t,
>lace where the child was born is
>ow covered with a church. In
;he pavement of a basement chap
A at the east end of the chapel, is
L silver star. A monk who guides
ne through the building, crosses
is breast and forehead, and mut-'
ers a prayer before it ; then turn
ng to me he says: "The:manger i
For five years I had tried to
>reach Christ, and lead perishing
ouls to Him. A sad yearning, a u
>laintive homesickness mean- cc
vhile filled my heart. The peace- fo
eul death of a pious mother, who T
rom childhood led me on a heav- u
nly path, deepened the sad yearn-,i
ng. She had been a star sent m
rom God to lead me to the Say- t
our. iNow the star disappeared. it
My guide had left me. I felt sa
braken, like a ship deprived of a
illot when just nearing the port.
L hand, to me as gentle as an an- a
el's and a heart that would have be
lied for me, were laid in the grave' re
Lnd now, with uncovered head, I u
vorship our Saviour aside the star s
n the pavement, where the Wise
Lien worshiped him. Around me a tu
core of pilgrims kneel in prayer. at
low and then one prostrates e
iimself and kisses the pavement
Lear the silver star, and then s
veeps as if his heart would break.m
so God sends stars to lead us to r
lethlehem. For one it is a moth- t
r in heaven, to another a father,it
,sister, a brother, a child, a wife,
,husband. Blessed are they to
vom God sends the star, and f
ho are wise enough at once to
ollow its guidance ; and blessed tr
ey, to whom it reappears in l
eaven, when for a season they ,
iave lost sight of it-.c
"It is their gnide, their light, their all, de
It bids their dark forebodings. cease,.
And thro' the storm and danger's thrall to
It leads them to the port of peace." i tf
In the square before the church, ti
afterwards looked to the heavens, be
nd thought right there above it
e sacred building the star stood de
ver "where the young child co
Close by this chapel is a small tr
elI, hewn-out of the rock, in Ju
rhich St. Jerome spent thirty as
~ears of bis life. It is a very dark ki
ttle room, without a single ray u~
f light. Here, fourteen hundred ba
ears ago, he prayed and medita- p~
ed day and night, at the manger wi
f our Savior; here too he wrote
aany books, and translated the
oly Scriptures into the Latin
ongue. Sitting by the side of it
ur Savior's cradle, he sometimes of
mnainel that the sweet child was by
Lill lying in it. The dear old mai
,ould talk with the babe, as he
)oked at its dreary rock-cradle.
"As often as I look at the place
-here my Saviour lay, I have a
veet conversation with Him. '0
iord Jesus,' I say, 'what a bard
ed Thou hast there in Thy man
er, in order that Thou mightest
ive my soul. How can I repay
hoe ?" Then methinks the child
niswers me: '1 desire nothing, only
iat thou sing: Glory to God in tbe
ighest! Sadder and more needy
,ill I become in Gethsemane and
n the cross.'
"Then I say further: 'My dear
bild, I must give Thee some
jing ; I will give Thee all my
Loney.' Then He replies: 'Heaven
mine, and the earth, too, is
Line. I need nothing. Give it to
ie poor; then I will accept it as
lough it were given to me.'
"Again I say: 'Gladly will I do
Pis. But to Thee thyself, too, I
Lust give something, or else I die
"Then the Child says: 'If thou
rt so liberal, I will tell thee what
) give me. Hand over to me thy
ns, thy guilty conscience and
"I ask :'What wilt Thou do-there
"And the Child says:' "I will
.y all on my shoulders. This
all be my noble deed, my do
iinion, as Isaiah of old bath said
3at I should bear thy sins and
tke them away.
"Then 1, aa old man, begin to
,eep and say: '0 Child, my dear,
car Child, how Thou hast toueb
I my heart! Take what is mine,
2d give me what. is Thine. Then
shall be free from sin, and cer
Lin of everlasting life.'"
It behooves us, as products of
ie past, who will one day our
:lves constitute the past, to deal
antly and even reverently with
We cannot break with it if we
ould, nor should we if we could.
he very- language which we use,
e owe to the slow acquisitions of
4nerations which have preceded t
; we cannot compassionate or
ntemn them, except in words -
r which we are indebted to them. a
bere is hardly a word I have
ed in this lecture which, were a
history searched out, does not
ean generations of human. cul
re to which we are heirs. Seems b
not then a wicked, almost ac
criligious thing to hasten with
ger gladness to repudiate the
st to which we owe everything, d
d to exult over the Tuins of its
liefs ? it is as if a' son should
joice over his father's feebleness,
icover his nakedness, and make
orn of his infirmities. As heg
ho has been the best son is in
rn the best father, so the gener~
ion which guards with respect
e good which there is in the
st, and puts gently aside that
bioh is effete, will make the
ost stable progress in its day, e
*d transmit the best inheritancec
the generation wh-ich follows
No doubt in the future, as in'a
e past, the knowledge of one
riod will sometimes appear b
olishness at a more advanced
riod of human evolution-the
uith of one age becomes -the
aghing-stock of the next; butc
a may profitably reflect that de
ying doctrine had its use, in its
,y, and it may teach us modesty
consider, that much which has
place in our mental organiza
mf now, will one day probably
put aside as obsolete belief. Let
be our prayer, that when that
y comes, and this generation
mes up for a critical judgment,
a historical study. before the
bunal of posterity, it may be
stly said of it that it has done
much for the progress of man-u
nd as some of the generations
on which the n isest of us look
ck perhaps with indulgent com- h
ssion, and the unwise among us
th foolish scorn.-.Dr. flenry a
Pleasure is seldom found where si
is sought. Our brighest blazes
gladness are commonly kindled
unexpected sparks. bi
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Specin' contracts made with large adver
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DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCIH
I'E ADULTERATION OF LI
9 'Physicians tell us that the effect
)f using intoxicating liquor now is
nuch more injurious to the health
ind life, than it was thirty years
igo. Then liquor was compara
ively pure. Alcohol was the only
hing that proved Ital t the bu
nan system ; but now other pois
>ms are mixed with most of liquor
Irank in this co4utrv.
Professor Draper, of New York,
t feiv years ago maJe an examina
:ion of brandy at some.,of. the
)rincipal hotels .on Broadway,
,vhere it was retailed at fifty cents
L glass, and in every instance it
vas a mere compound of villain
)us poisons. The liquor inspector
)f Cincinnati, some time since, %f
er a careful examination, declared
,bat be did not believe there were
seny gallons of pure brandy in
he whole city. Oil of vitrol, oil
)f almonds, oil of turpentine, lime
vater, sulphate of lead, strychnine,
ogwood and fusil oil have al been
letected by chemists in- liquor
old to liquor drinkers.
Some whisky waS seized a few
rears ago at Newiton, Mas'which
vas found to'be thuis compounded a
Pen gallons of kerosine, three
younds of potash, and. one oun ce
>f stychnine mixed with water.
?romising stuff to drink for
Are you a lover of beer ? Thous
mnds of gallonis are mad6:and sold
a this country withouit mnalt or
lops. You would be 'astdissed
o see the enormous quantities of
>oisonlous di-ugs imported every
rear to this dountry and sold to
>rewers in, the mauuf'acture of
As to wine, it may be confi.dent
y" affirmed that there is ver'y lit
le pure juice of the grapes soldto
>ur people. Th~e island of Mdeira
>roduces orily 30,000 barrels of
ine annuall-y, fetzEarope is sap
lied with 100,000 barrels, and
Lmerica with d0,000 every year of
,dulterated stuff called Madeira
It is said in.. England that:i the
nly way to get pure wine is to
aise the grapes yoursef~, press
be juice in person, then put it .
6 a cask and, ride on it aRL the
rav home. Thbis statement..-will
ppl y to our own country. 'New
ork manufactures annalRy wine
moun ting to $3,000,.000 wia;hout
be juice of the grape; A. -cargo
rrives in thecity of pure .wine',
ut in twen-ty-four hours its whole
baracter is changed. -It is emp
ed into large vats, then mixed
ith -whisky, cider, sowr.beer and
rugs; and though the real cost is
ly ~from fifteen to~ twently centa
er gallon; it. is sold to country
terchants at~ enormous profits. A
entleman purchased in.. New
~o,rk, not long. 'sincee, a~ bottle of
hat was called genuine cham-.
agne, and founfa it tocontain,
b'en analysed, o.ne- quarter of aa
unce. of sugar rof lead. Such; it
believed, is' the ,character of
!ines generally quaffed in our
:untry at weddings and otherso
al gatherings. No wonder thai
infern.al .stuff." Yet;. there are
iinisters of the gospel and rin
ers of the church who -continue
2euse of alcoholic liquors. Sare
r, Gabriel in . heaven must- -be
shamed to look dowvn on such
baracters. -C6umberland Pr-esete
A Le e(Mass) electrician wasexperi
enting with a telephone t'he other'
ight, talking through fifty ..iles of
ire, when he was surprised to:Jiear
.ughter and festive sounds from ma
y different voices and conch ded )here
ust be a jolly roomful att'ether
2d. But his surprise was greagy in
eased when he learned that his fel-.
,w operator had been .entirely alone
tiring all of their conversation. The