Newspaper Page Text
The Poltifcal Situation.
An Open Letter from Hon. D. Wyatt Aiken.
Editors Chronicle and Constitution
WASHINGTON, D. C., December 8.
-Your printed circular reached me
this morning, and in reply I would
say its contents have been partially
anticipated by an open letter of mine,
which, perhaps, will have appeared in
the Charleston News and Courier be
fore this reaches yon.
Three days ago, on my arrival here,
after a sojourn of a few weeks at the
North, I wrote that letter, and without
asking you to spend time perusing its
perhaps gossipy narration, I refer you
to its closing paragraphs in reply to
your inquiry as to my views '-upon
the political situation generally, the
prospects and the policy of the Democ
racy, and the duty of the Democrats
of the South towards the Democratic
organization of the couztry."
Apprehending that I am as capa
ble as any other man of looking into
the future, I will reply somewhat more
definitely to your inquiries, and am
prepared to assign the reasons for the
faith that is in me.
To the patriot, who loves his coun
try and that constitutional form of
Republican government given us by
our ancestors, the political situation is
everything else than encouraging
Sectional animosity, more than fra
ternal union, is the propelling force of
our National politics. The parties are
sectionalized, and the dominant party
means centralization. As at present
organized, Democracy means nothing,
or everything, as you may select, and
Republicanism means "We intend to
rule this country."
The prospects of +he Democracy are
beyond my comprehension. The pol
icy of the Democracy is, now being
"outs" to become "ins," if they can.
Once upon a time the motto, yea, the
boast of the Democracy, was princi
pia, non homines. To-day its motto
is Homo. If it has any principles I
am unable to discover it, except the
fact that they combat the tendenby of
the Republican party towards cen
tralization ; and my fears are that if
Southern domination and centraliza
tion were the weights in the balance,
the Northern leadra would place the
Democracy in the scales with the lat
ter. Let me i!lustrate: Cornell, as
Collector of Customs, was too corrupt
for Mr. Hayes, and was therefore turn
ed out of office. The Republican party
nominated. him for Governor of New
York, the empire and pivotal State of
the Union. The leader of Tammany
bolted the Democratic ticket because
the candidate was a protege of a man
he hated, and carried with him 75,000
Democratic voters into the Republican
ranks. What principle is there in
such a policy ?
Fifty years of a life-time on South
era soil has infused into my mind
that there sho,ald be principle in poli
tics well as in morals. Intimate asso
ciation thoughout the North for the
past twelve years excites the fear that
with the people of that progressive
country politics is a trade, votes are
commodities, and the largest amount
of most wisely expended "filthy lucre"
will always secure victory. The Re
publican is the wealthy party of the
North, and with their money they
can and will buy up enough votes to
to carry the next Presidential election.
The'National Democratic party is
reputed to be composed of congenial
political friends from the North and
the South. I cannot see it in that
light. The "Copperhead" branch of
Northern Democracy were and are
friends of ours, but they have no in
fluence. If the leaders of the bulk of
the Northern Democracy are the cri
terion by which we of the South are
to judge of their sympathy for the
South, then I, for one, do candidly
say, "Good Lord, deliver us from all
auch friends." .Submit to Congress a
proposition to pension Southern Mex
ican or Florida soldiers and your Dem
ocratic sympathy from Northern mem
bers vanishes. By their works ye
shall know them and not by their pro
And now, as to "our duty," etc.
We should steer clear of President
making. The nomination of any man
by the South, be he the wisest and
best and purest in all the land, will
secure his rejection by the North and
eventuate in his defeat. We should
detach ourselves from the Juggernautic
car of Northern Democracy, and for a
time await events with the hope and
prayer that the better elements of the
North, those men iwho wanted good
government, peace atd happiness, and
a solid, substantial, real restoration of
the Union for the good of the whole
country, would erect a platform upon
which the existing parties should not
stand, but upon which we of the
South, as Union-loving, law-abiding
citizens might fearlessly step, feeling
and believing that the purpose of ...he
builders was to forget the past and,
looking no more behind, to push right
on with all the power given us as a
people to develop the material inter
ests and promote the social welfare of
this great people. - I would not destroy
all parties, for parties are necessities
for our complete development and con
tinued advancement. But, as at pres
ent organized, the existing political
parties are simply stirrers up of strife,
and do not and never will, by a conflict
of ideas, promote the welfare of the
masses. There are enough of good
men, North and South, of congenial
ideas upon all important questions to
unite and organize a party that would
restore the Union, establish its pros
perity and give contentment to its
people. The energies of the entire
South, I believe, should be bent to
ward the creation of such a party, and
when once created it should not be
Your obedient servant,
T~ 7.~. mm A
"Grant and Bayard.*
What the Press Thinks of Col. Keitt's "Solid
From the Richmond State.]
"Grant and Bayard" is the funniest
combination yet, and from South Car
olina, too. "Can any good thing come
out of Nazareth ?" Reverse the order
of the names and we might give it
some thought, but Bayard can never
swing at the tail of Grant's kite.
[From the New York Herald.]
The latest Presidential suggestion is
made by Mr. Ellison S. Keitt, of South
Carolina, in a letter to the Charleston
News and Courier. It is that the
ticket for 1880 be composed of Grant
and Bayard, who, he adds, would,
"with a generous support from the
intelligence of the South, give us the
most honored government the world
ever saw." Mr. Keit's suggestion re
minds us, as Mr. Lincoln used to say,
of a story. Some years ago, when the
great Agassiz was lecturing at Har
vard on entomology, he requested his
students to bring him such specimens
as they might find in their rambles in
the country. To test the great na
turalist's knowledge, two or three
waggish members of the class eonceiv
ed the idea of manufacturing a speci
men and submitting it to him. Taking
the head of one insect, the body of
another, and the wings of a third,
they joined the whole nicely together
and laid it before the distinguished
savant. "This," said he, after care
fully examining it, "is not found in
Germany, or in Italy, or in Switzer
land, or in England, or in Russia. It
is found only in America." The poli
tical specimen which Mr. Keitt has
submitted to us is found neither in
the North nor the East nor the West.
It belongs solely to South Carolina.
[From the Washington Republican.1
The Richmond Dispatch is rather
distrustful of Mr. Ellison S. Keitt, of
South Carolina, who is out in a letter
in the Charleston News and Courier,
in which he declares for Grant and
Bayard as his favorite candidates for
President and Vice-President of the
United States. He says a Solid South
may lead to a Solid North, and that
no more dire calamity could befall the
country than that one section should
be against the other, where no princi
ple is involved, only to gratify the
hatred and to fill the pockets of the
unworthy. The Dispatch says that
Mlr. Keitt, to avoid such a calamity,
calls on the people to lift themselves
above party and nominate candidates
for these high offices without regard
to their previous party affiliations. We
fear that Mr. Keitt is almost too much
of a Grant man to be a very sincere
admirer of Bayard or a firm devotee
to principle. He styles Grant 'the
most renowed citizen America has
ever produced.'" It looks as if the
Dispatch is merely biting a file when
it snaps so bitterly at the Presidential
prospects of Gen. Grant, and we really
think that it should not tremble at
the mere mention of the names of
Grant and Bayard in this connectioQ.
It is harmless.
[From the Philadelphia Times.]
That there is something in the
Southern boom for Grant, although
it may peter out to the fine point of
nothing, is shown by the fact that a
paper like the Charleston News and
Courier gives place to a com munica
tion from an eminent South Carolinian
urging the Solid South to take up the
great General as its candidate for the
Presidency. The writer is Col. Elli
son S. Keitt, a brother of the once
famous Lawrence M. Keitt, famous as
a fire-eater before the war and whose
life-blood was shed in the Confede
rate Rebellion. The novel feature
of this particular Grant boom is that
it links the name of Bayard with that
of Grant. Col. Keitt cries, "Instead
of solidify sections let us solidify the
Union." Grant, he urges, is the most
renowed citzen America ever pro
duced and can bring influences to ad.
vance the prosperity of the country
that no other can bring, while Bay
ard, for purity of life and love of
country, is a household word. The
two together, he thinks, would form a
tower of strength, around which the
whole people might rally. "The sec
tions will be welded, peace assured and
all will be safe." The News and
Courier digniflies the matter by call
ing editorial attention to it, inciden
tally eulogizing Co). Keitt, and de
clares that if it is once settled that
the Republicans are going to win and
compel everybody to write nation with
a big N, the number of Gratnt folks
down South will be strangly multiplied
So we go.
The folloiring is the article of
"Banquo," as quoted from the News
and Courier : (But who is Banquo ?)
"Col. Aiken and Col. Keitt have
both struck a responsive chord in the
popular heart. A Solid South is a
standing menace to the people of the
North, who desire a Solid Union. The
two sections thus become antagonistic,
and, instead of fraternity, they face
each other as enemies, each seeking]
some political advantage of the other.
The fracture can never unite while
such a disturbing influence exists.
* * * * * *
"We are tired of all this fuss and
feathers, and would like to try a little
common sense. It is in our power to
palsy the arms of the bloody shirtI
wavers just by taking a "new depar
ture," and the people want it: They
have been fed upon froth long enough,
and now demand something practical.
We have gained nothing and never
can by antagonism of the North ; on
the contrary, we have suffered greatly
by the bad advice which has urged us
to stand on a line of hostile separation.
Our true interest is in a Solid Union,
and any "departure" which will secure
that will be welome to the people."
]The er ald.
THOS. F. GRENEKERt, EDTRS
W. 11. WALLACE,.
EW RRY. M$. C.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 24. 1879.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The ieras in thehighest respect aFam
ly Newsp:tper, devote(l to the m:terial in
:(-rests or the people of this County nund the
SL:tte. it circulates exteiisively. and as an
Advertisin medium offers unrivalled ad
antages. For Terms see first page.
The Last of the Volume.
This is the last paper of Volume
XV, and we close it with feelings
of profound satisfaction. With
some exceptions the year has been
% pleasant one. Our subscription
has been largely in excess of what
it was last year, and though the
Summer and early Fall were not as
propitious as we could have wished,
the later time has met our expecta
Lions. To our numerous readers
we offer the compliments of the
season and the hope that prosperity
has crowned their efforts.
The next Volume we hope to be
able to make still more acceptable
than any of its predecessors-no
pains or expense will be spared to
The most joyous season of the
year is at hand. It is indeed
the only festive season of the whole
year to people of this section, and
into it they crowd all the enjoyment
possible. It is a time when every
heart not wholly adamant opens
with charity and glows with univer
sal good will. There are a few
puritanical spirits who put on long
nd solemn faces and would turn
to acid the sparkling wine of life,
and wvould convert the joy and light
hearted mirth of youth into pen
ances and self immolation. Happily
they are few. Whatever these few
sanctimonious souls may say, the
great heart of the Christian world
recognizes in Christmas Day a time
for gladness and enjoyment. The
event that it celebrates marks the
greatest and most glorious era in
the world's history, the birth of
Him who brought good will on
earth and peace to man. All the
associations of the day are calcula
ted to inspire the heart with senti
ments of rejoicing.
It is to the little ones that Christ
mas brings the greatest happiness.
They have no accounts to cast up,
no debts to meet, no planning to do
for the future, no mistakes and fail
ares of the year to cast a shadow
over their festivities. For weeks
and months their chief thoughts
and conversation has been of Christ
muas and Santa Claus. Their little
bearts are full of bright anticipa
tions of toys and good things.
The greatest happiness to the older
people is to make the children
happy. It requires very little to
do this-cheerfulness, kindness and
a little expense. And he who
would withhold these does not
During the year just closing we
have been greatly blessed by Pros i
dence, and have many things to be
thankful for. We can best show
our gratitude by being joyous and
happy ; but in all our festivities we
should be careful not to run into
excesses or dissipation, and to do
nothing that will afterward be cause
A merry Christmas to all our
readers, and many returns of the
1'o Go or not to Go-That's the
With our Solons in Columbia.
Whether it wvere better to complete
the work begun before finally ad
journing, or to leave a large part
2ndone in order to reach home
before the Christmas holidays, and
to have the "people" to say, our
egislators have nobly done ; they
ave got through before Christmas ;
they are true reformers-and we'll
send 'em back again when the next
lection comes on.
It is a sad tact that many of our
Legislators have been completely
intimidated. After the extremel3
tong session of 1877 they got such
a rasping that ever since they have
been inclined to the other extreme.
ll this talk about a short session is
laptrap ; the parties who indulge
so liberally in it know that it doesn't
mean anything. It will get into
~he County papers though, and the
'people" will see that the Hon.
Blank, of their County, is working
to secure a short session and to
make his next calling and election
sure. The Hon. Blank knows per
fectly well that every member de- I
sires to adjourn as quickly as prac
ticable, and he ought to know that E
they should not adjourn until they
The Senate Thursday very pro
perly refused to concur in the
House resolution to adjourn sine
die the 23d. The Senators took
I the correct view of the question ;
they postponed the resolution to
the 23d (to-day); if they get
through they will adjourn, if not
they ought not, and we suppose
will not. It is very poor economy
to throw away all the unfinished
work on hand in order to make a
short session. There are numbers
of bills and resolutions on the first,
second or third readings, or in the
hands of committees. One may
say that very few of them are of
any general importance. Granted;
but comparatively very few of the
bills already passed are of any gen
eral importance. Yet we know that
every one of these unfinished meas
ures will come up when the Legis
lature meets again ; the next Legis
lature will be new and to a consid
erable extent unacquainted with
the work of their predecessors, and
cannot finish the unfinished work
as speedily or as thoroughly as the
present body. Instead of saving
expense it is only postponing it
and increasing it for another year.
We do not believe in long sessions,
but they should be long enough to
finish up properly the work on
Senator Morgan, of Alabama, has
introduced a joint resolution that
the continuance of the volume of U.
S. Treasury notes be preserved,
and that the maintenance of their
equivalent in value to coin is de
manded by the interests of com
merce; and for the full resto
ration of silver to a gold value.
*This resolution is directly in con
flict with one heretofore offered by
Senator Bayard, of Delaware. The
Democrats do not agree in their
Mr. O'Connor, of South Carolina,
has introduced a bill in the House
to allow National Banks to lend
money upon mortgages on real es
tate to the extent of 25 per cent. of
their capital and surplus. He says
that some such measures is needed
by the agricultural classes of the
South, who have generally no other
security to enable them to borrow
The State Temperance Conven
tion met in Columbia last week, re
maining in session two days. The
Convention determined to issue an
address inviting further co-opera
tion in the cause. Addresses were
delivered before the body, by invi
tation, by Senator M. W. Gary, Dr.
J. W. Wofford, J. Francis Britton,
and others. A committee was ap
pointed to communicate with Jno.
W. Drew, a distinguished temper
ance speaker, to secure his services
in canvassing the State.
A National Agricultural Society
Was organized at New York the<
10th instant. The object of the
Society is for the protection and
advancement of American Agricul-]
ture, and the Association is design
ed to embrace every agricultural]
interest, and to represent every
section of the Union. Hon. D. -
Wyatt Aiken was the delegate from]
Chief Justice Simpson.
Hon. W. D. Simpson, of Laurens,
has been elected Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court. Judge Simp
son's ambition has always been in
the line of his profession, and his
having attained to the highest posi
tion that a lawyer can occupy in this
State must be peculiarly gratifying
The Republican National Com
mittee met in Washington the 17th.
Senator Don Cameron, of Pennsyl
vania, was chosen Chairman, to suc
ceed Zach Chandler, deceased, and <
it was decided to hold the next
National Republican Convention in
Chicago, June 3, 1880.
The next National Democratic
Convention. will very probably be
held in Philadelphia. The Execu
tive Committee met yesterday, the
22nd, in Washington, to fix the
place and date.
The American Colonization So
ciety, headquarters in New York,
says that there are 500,000 negroes
in the Southern States who want toi
goa to Liberia.t
Our Governor. T
Hon. T. B. Jeter, Senator from .
nj on, and President of the Senate,
s now our Governor. Three Gov- Ic
rnors during one administration- X
.ampton, Simpson, Jeter. e
A body of one hundred negroes
eft Goldsboro, N. C., the 16th for
ndiana. The exodus from that
'tate is still going on.
Gen. Wm. Mahone has been o
1ected U. S. Senator from Virginia 1
;o succeed Senator Withers, whose "
erm expires in 1881. a
Comptroller-General Hagood and U
1ail Road Commissioner Bonham I
vill please accept thanks for copies
)f their reports.
Thomas M. Blodgett has been
onfirmed by the U. S. Senate as j
,ollector of Customs at Hickory, if
_ _.. 'I
Gen. Grant received a grand t
)vation at Philadelphia the 16th. a
Among the Law-Makers. a
MoNDAY, DEC. 15-SENATE.-Bill b
o repeal "Act to utilize convict labor" E
vas reported on unfavorably. The t
ollowing cmrmunication was receive4 -
rom Associate Justice McIver:
3UPiREME COURT OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
COLUMBIA, 15th December, 1879.
To the Honorable President and Mem- v!
bers of the Senate. t
Finding that grave doubts are enter- s
ained by some, whose opinions are en- t
itled to the highest respect, as to the C
)ower of the present General Assembly
:o fill the vacancy in the office of Asso
ate Justice of the Supreme Court
vhich would be occasioned by my ac
eptance of the office of Chief Justice
ipon the expiration ofthe term of which t
he present incumbent has been elected, t
[ feel compelled by a sense of duty d
;o decline to accept the office of Chief
Tustice to which, by your kindness, I r
iave been elected. I am not willing, C
lor the sake of mere personal advance- r
nent, to take any step by which the t
lightest doubt may be thrown upon 'J
be legality of the composition of the f
upreme Court or that the interests of
he State should be, in the slightest de- a
ree, imperilled by a failure to com
lete the organization of that tribunal t
~romptly in such manner as is thought C
o be the best calculated to secure the s
welfare of the State. a
Permit me to assure you gentlemen, 5
>f my very high appreciation of the e
ionor you have done me, and to tender
iou my profoundest thanks for such a
listinguished mark of confidence,
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
HENRY MCIVER. r
Mr. Wylie moved that the commu-t
lication be received as information,
rnd spread on the journals. Mr. t
ipscomnb moved to refer it to the i
Tudiciary Committee. Mr. Meetze a
ought it unnecessary to refer, and v
hat Judge McIver's resignation left r
he office vacant. All that is needed
s a concurrent resolution to go into
nother election. Mr. Wylie's motion
as adopted. The report of the Su-,
>erintendent of the Penitentiary in F
eference to the treatment of con
icts by the Greenwood & Augusta
Railroad was received. Ordered that
,he report and accompanying papers
y printed and laid on the desks of
HoUsE.-Bill to facilitate the com
letion of the Blue Ridge Rail Road*
vas discussed by Mr. Callison, in
>pposition, and Messrs. Murray, Miller
ud Brown, in favor-the bill was
roted down by 73 to .29. Bill to
rOvide artificial legs for soldiers of
he State maimed in the late war~
assed its second reading.
T UESDAY, DEC. 16 -SENATE.- P
'he bill providing for a Department
>f Agriculture, Manufacture and Min- t1
ig was so amended as to abolish the o
ffice of Phosphate Inspector and de- ti
rolve his duties on this Department. e
1r. Bradley moved to amend the t1
~alarary of the Superintendent of the
)epartment by making it $1,500 in-y
tead of $2,100 ; opposed by Mr. ,1
ipscomb, and motion lost. Bill read
bird time and sent to the House.o
Bill to prevent the running of freight*
,rains on Sunday elicited a warm de
ate. Mr. Lipscomb moved to strike t1
>ut the enacting clause; opposed by
HeQueen--motion lost, and the bill P
assed to its third reading by a large ;
najority, having already passed the ti
Rouse. The Bill provides a fine of
$500 for any railroad violating this
aw. Mr. Counts introduced a bill to
bolish the office of Rail Road Corn- si
nissioner. Joint resolution to repeal
,be act allowing the hiring' out of C
~onvicts for agricultural purposes, and f|
Ll bills relating to the convict question i
vere made special ordei- for 18th.
HoUsE.-Bill to provide for thee
-egistration of votera as required byd
,he Constitution was laid over for d
~onsideration. The divorce bill :was a
ejected. Joint resolution relating to
~alling a Constitutional Convention a
vas laid on the table.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 17-SENATE.- a
['he following bills were read the third p
ime: To prohibit the running of
~reiht trains and to regulate the run
ig of passenger trains on Sunday;3 a
o require County Treasurers to attend g
it certain places for the collection of &
axes; to extend the time for the '
edeption of forfeited laids. The g
olumbia Canal Bill was discussed. p
dIr. Gary made a strong speech in its fa
ror, claiming that it would add $2,000,- LI
100 of taxable property to Riebland
Jounty, anid would add largely by
nreaed population and capital to the
nteest of Columbia, especially, and il
he State generally. Mr. Meetze op. a
oed t bil l on the gond, that as c
ift and McQueen spoke in favor of it.
HOUSE.-Bill to authorize the open
g (f a caual across Charleston Neck
is deb.ted by Nessrs. Murray, Rut
dge, Buist. Haskell. Sinonton and
.ennedy. Motion to strike out the
acting clause was lost by 94 to 10;
!A passed to third reading.
TURSDAY, DEC. 18-SENATE.
[r. Gary offered a concurrent resolu
on that it is the seuse of the General
ssenibly that the proposition to au
iorize National Banks to loant money
a real estate mortgages to the extent
25 per cent. of their capital and
irplus will greatly relieve the agri
altural interests in this State, &c.,
ad that we would be glad to see the
Torts of Ion. M. P. O'Connor -sec
Lided by the entire South Carolina
cpresentation in Congress. The
olumbia Canal bill was ebated by
lessrs. Gary, Wylie, Cannon, Liv
gston, Taft, Crittenden and Wither
loon. House concurrent resolution
) adjourn the 23d came up. Mr.
ipscomb said that this proposition,
carried out, will rob the people of
I last three weeks of legislation.
he rule should be, if we have at
mded to the business we should go
ome, and not, as some say, go home
nyhow. Mr. McQueen endorsed
ese views. Mr. Wylie didlikewise,
ad added that it is not economy to
o home and leave work half done, to
e done over again by another Legis
Lture. Mr. Gary favored the resolu
on. Made the special order for the
HOUSE.-Joint resolution to call a
'onstitutional Convention was laid on
e table. Bill to.redistrict the State
ras indefinitely postponed. The elec
ion of Chief Justice by the joint As
5Wbly was held in the House Sena
>r Wylie, of Lancaster, nominated
ov. W. D. Simpson ; seconded by
Lepresentative Buist, of Charleston.
o opposition-unanimously elected.
FRIDAY, DEC. 19--SENATE.-Bill
provide for the consolidated debt of
e State in accordance with the
ecision of the Supreme Court was
ad third time. Bill to albw any
itizen of the State.who can pass the
quisite examination to be admitted
> the Bar, passed its third mading.
'he Columbia Canal Bill paised its
nal reading by a vote of 22 to 3.
HoUSE.-The joint resolution to
mend the Constitution regrding
be Homestead came up, ani was
ebated by many of the members, all
arts of amendments being proposed,
nd the members appearing to be
ery much "at sea" on the question.
he resolution was finally referred
ack to the Judiciary Committee.
SATURDAY, DEC. 20-SENAPE.
hbe appropriation bill,. with anend
~ents, was passed. [We will print
be Act in full as soon as possibe.]
H OUSE.-Joint resolution to amerid
be Constitution as to Homstead
assed third reading. The bill cre
ting a Depart'uent of Agriculture
ras debated, and passed to a third
FOR THE HERA'.D.
MESSRS. EDITORs NEWBERRY HEaRD: It
-ill be seen by the enclosed circularfrom
racis A. Walker, Esq., Superintendet of
ensus of the U. S., that by a:n Ae, ap"
roved March .3rd, 1879, it is provided that
e Tenth Genisus shall be taken andcom-.
letcd during the month ot June, 1880
As it is highly important that the Ctnsus
ould be given in with accur&cy yOL. will
reatly oblige me and the public by >ub
shing the requirements in full thatour
ople may be prepared whenicalled npon
ir a return
Those who desire the place of Ceisus
Lker had better make application at mee
-I presume by Townships.
Yours, very respectfully,'
THOS. W. HOLLOWA3.
RDUCTIONs OF AGRICULTURE IN THE cENTs'
The agricultural schedule annexed to
l Act of 1850, which is a lso made apirt
the Act of March 3, 1879, providing or
ne Tenth Census, requires a report of he
ief productions of agriculture "durbg
ne year ended June 1."
Now, there is no distinct agricultutal
aar which ends on the first of June, aid
ere is reason to believe that the stat.ist'rs
F agriculture from 1850 to 1870, in e
ard to many of the principal producs,
nbraced portions of two different crop,
nasmuch as the enumeration was protractd
irough three, four, and even five months.
By the Act approved March 3, 1879, itis
rovided that the Tenth Census shall le
ken and completed during the month <f
une, 1880. This provision greatly reduce
e liability to error which has been note<.
As the enumeration commences on thi
rat of June and closes on er before thn
iirtieth, all the crops which are gatherel
ace a year will fall pretty clearly on ors
de or the other of the dividing line.
Ttus the cotton crop reported in tih
aus will be that of 1879, gathered in ti
ll of that year; while the wool clip o
wool crop" will be that of the spring o
For certain of the productions of agri
ilture, however, there is no harvest, it
e usual sense of that term ; but the pro
act is gathered week by week, or day by
yas it matures-milk, butter, cheese,
teat fall into this class.
In view of the requirments of the law,
d of the great importance of accurate
atistical information relative to agricul
ire, it is deemed to be highly desirable
nat farmers should prepare themselves in
Ivanee to give the information with
comptess and accuracy. It is urgently
~commended, therefore, that agricultural
urnals and the officers of agricultural so
eties and clubs give publicity to this
inouncement, and that all persons en
ged in agriculture who shall receive this
rular, or shall see it in the public prints,
ake notes from time to time of the quan
ties and values of their several crops
thered, and the numbher of acres of land
anted, in order that their statements,
hen made to the enumierators, may be of
ne highest possible value.
Cause and efrect.
The main cause of nervousness is
idigestion, and and that is caused by
eakness of the stomach. No one
n- haeonda nerve and good health
ew X .Miscelluaneous.
A PUBLIC MEETING of the citizens of
Newberry C. H., will be held at the Court
House, ON WEDNESDAY, DEC. 31, 1879,
at 4 P. M., for the purpose of nominating
an Intendant and Four Wardens for the
J. P. POOL, Intendant.
C. B. Brs-T, T. C.
Dec. 24, 52-2t.
Pursuant to the requirements of the law,
an election for Intendant and Four War
dens orIf he Tovn of Newberry C. H., will
be held at the office of the Town Council,
corner of Boyc.-- and Nance Streets, ON
TUESDAY, THE THIRTEENTH DAY OF
JANUARY, 1880. Polls will open at 6
o'clo--k, A. M., and close at 6 o'clock, P. M.
The election will be conducted by the
' B. H. CLINE,
JAMES A. HENDERSON,
With C. B. BUIST, as Clerk.
By order of Town Council.
J. P. POOL, Intendant.
C. B. Bus, T. C. & T.
Dec. 24, 52-2t.
In thie interest of peace, morality and
reform, the following ticket is offered to
the ciLizens of Newberry for their support
at the next Municipal Election:
MILTON A. CARLISLE.
WARD No. 1-D. B. WHEEtER.
WARD No. 2-J. N. MARTN.
WARD No. 3-ROBERT H. WRIGHT.
WA D No. 4-BLUFORD F. GRIFFIN,Ja
BY MANY CITIZENs.
Dec. 24, 52-8t.
J. E. BROWN.
WARD No. 1-GEO. LANGFORD.
WAan No. 2-D. M. WARD.
WARD No. 3-J. M. JOHNSTONE.
WARD No. 4-D. W. T. KIBLER.
Dec. 24, 52-3t*
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
By Jacob B. Fellers, Esq., Probate Judge.
Whereas, E. P. Chalmers, as Clerk of,the
Circuit Court, bath made suit - to me, to
grant him Letters of Administraion of
the Estate and effects of Daniel Suber, de
-These are therefore to cite and admorish
all and singular the kindred and cre'ditors
of the said deceased, that tlief be and
appear, before me, in the Court of Prebate.
to be held at Newberry Court House, 8. 0.,
on the 2nd day of February next, after
publication hereof, at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, to shew cause, if any they have,
why the said Administration should ~not be
granted. Given under my hand, this .22nd
day of December, Avr.o Domini, 18719.
J. B. FELLERC, .J.-P.N .
Dec. 24, 52-6t.
lhen You Vii Columda
Don't Fail to Call en
'C. F. JACKOL
SAI8FACION iN GOODS!
Than Anywhere i
THIE LATEST- AND .BET
DRY GOODS and 10T10121
C. F. JACKSON.
Dec 17, 51-tf.
ALL FOR CRihISTllf!
Work flojes, Desks,
Photo. anid Auto. Albums,
Pocket Bibles, Arks,
Farms, Toy Paists,
Blocks, &c., &c.
Come early and get a Chatterbox for
FOR SALE BY
T. IF. GRENgKER1.
H ER ALD BOOK STORE.
Dec. 3, 49-4t. *
Guardian Notice of Final Set
Notice is hereby given that I will make
a final settlement on the estate of Walton
J. Epting, on Tuesday, the 6th day of Jan
uary, 1880), in the Probate Court for New
berry County, S. C., and immediately
thereafter apply for a final discharge there.
of. JACOB EPTING,
Dec. 3, 49-5t*. Guardian.
Guardian Notice of Final Set
I will make a Final Settlement on the
~i-r...... A Y;Idft.. ~ I'.4A.,v *ha
The South CaroliuaCounference.
The session of the South Carolina
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church South which opens in Charles
ton to-day will be the twenty-ninth
session of the body which has been
held in this City. -First in order was
the session of March 22, 1787, Bish
ops Coke and Asbury presiding. Pre
vious to this, in 1785, Bishop Asbury
with Jesse Lee and Henry Willis vis
ited Charleston. This was the earliest
regular effort to establish Methodism
in Charleston. The use of an aban
doned meeting-house in Charch street,
between Broad and Queen treets. was
obtained, and services were held every
night in the week. John Tunnel,
said in the chrouicles of that time to
have been "truly an apostolie man.,"
was the "stationed" minister, and in
1786 he reported his mewberthip in
and around Charleston as 35whites
and 23 colored. At the Conference
of 1787 five preachers were sttioned
in Georgia and ten in South Carolina,
and the membership reported in this
State was 1;645 whites and 121 col
The prcsent is the 94th Apnual
Conference, and the following fgures
will give some idea of the progress of
Methodism in South Carolina since
1787. The statistical returns of 1878
for South Carolina show 44,434 miem
bers, 559 churches, 82 parsonsges,
505 Sunday schools, 3,112 officcis and
teachers and 21,913 pupils. The value
of the property of this Church, wbieh
in 1785 had to hire an abandoned
meeting-house,is now $723,167. The
contributious for missions in the last
ten years have amounted to $50,
087.96, for education $23,806.90 and
for retired preachers $45,317.15,
making a grand total of $119,212.01.
The first missionary contributions of
the Conference were made in 1838.
and amounted to a little over $200,
but from that time to the present, out
quite half a century, the contributious
for missions alone amounted to $629,
001.18. The church also contributes
liberally for educational purposes, and
Wofford College in Spartanburg and
the Methodist Female College in
Columbia, both under its care, are
prospering and rank high among de
nominational institutions of learning.
The Conference which assembles to
day has upon its roll 165 preacher
and is presided over by Bishop Wight
man, a distinguished clergyman muet
admired by Christians of every de
nomination. The assemblage of st
large a body of rministers from al
parts of the State is an event of mor<
than passing- interest to Charleston
and the meetings of the Conference
and more particularly the religione
services, will doubtless be numerouslj
attended.-News and Courier.
Doet. Ayer's Laboratory, that* hai
done such wonders for the sick, now
issues a potent restorer for the beauti
of mankind-for the comeliness whicl
advancing age is so prone to diminist
and destroy. His VIGOR mounts lux
uriant locks on the bald and gray patei
among us,and thus lays us under obliga
tions to him, for the good looks as wel
as health of the community
The Regular meeting of Newberry Pomoni
Grange No. 4, will be held at Newberry C
HI., on Friday, tue 9th Jan. 1680, at 11 A. M
A inui attend,r.ace is required, basines o
vital importance to the order will be intro
duced. The a.aendance of the Executivi
Commi-;tee is especially required.
JOHN S. HAIR, Maa .
JAISs. F. KxrGOE,&ect'y.
NEWBERT, S. C., DeC. 20, 1879.
List of advertised letters for week ending
Dec. 20, 1879:
Bast, Mrs. Sarah iLewis, R. H.
Duckett, Mrs. Jasy P."Miller, Edward
Gilliam, Mrs. Hannah Miller, Charles
Hunter, Dr. Z. T. Quick, Charlie
King, Mrs. S. F. Simkins, Edward (2)
*Parties calling for letters will please sa3
if advertised. B. W. BOONE, P. Mi.
- 7Iew .Jdvertzsements.
TWO NIGHTS ONLY I
December 25th & 26th.
First appearance here of the /
IN THEIR FAMLoUs
OPERATIC COMICALUTIES I
A CAINIVAL OF FUN I
The Funniest, Jolliest and most Original
Entertainment out. Greeted everywhere
SCREAMS OF LAUGHTER!
Admission, 75 and 50 Centss
Seats reserved without extra charge at
Scholtz' Jewelry Store.
Dec. 24, 52-It.
I will hereafter attend at the office of the
County Commissioners firom 9 o'clock, A.
M., on the Wednesday following Saleday in
each month for the purpose of paying de
mands against the County of Newberry.
No check for any purpose whatsoever will
be issued except upon that day ; nor will
any other business relating to County mat
ters be transacted by the undersigned.ex
eept upon days on which the County Com
missioners are in session.
F. WERBER, JR.,
Clerk C. C. N. C.
Dec. 24, 52-St.
By virtue of anm Order from the Hon. J.
3. Fellers, Judge of Probate, I will, on
"hursday, the Eighth day of January, 1880,
loceed to sell, at the late residence of
iapson C. Merchant, dec'd., all the per
-nlpoet fsi dcae,cnitn
2na Horoerty of Mlsai. eesd,cnitn
2AHours0 es, ofCttl.
At10 Head os SatockHg.