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THE OLD FARM HOUSE.
At the foot of the bill near the old red mill.
In a quiet shady spot,
Just peeping through,lhalf hid from view,
Stands a little moss-grown cot;
And, straying through at the open door,
The sumbeams play on the sanded floor.
The easy chair, all patched with care,
Is placed by the old hearth-stone;
With witching grace, in the old fireplace,
The evergreens are strewn;
And pictares hang on the whitened wall,
And the old clock ticks in the cottage hall.
More lovely still, on the window-sill,
The dew-eyed flowersirest,
While, 'midst the.leaves on. the moss-grown
The mrtin builds her nest;
And all day long the summer breeze
Is whispering love to the bended trees.
Over the door, all covered o'er
With a sack of dark-green baize,
Lies a musket old, whose worth is told
In the events of other days;
And the powder fiask, and the hunter's
Have hung beside it.for many a morn.
For years have fled with noiseless tread,
Like fairy dreams away,
And left in their fight, all shorn of his
A father, old and gray;
And the soft winds play with his snow-white
And the old man sleeps in his easy-chair.
Inside the door, on the sandy floor,
Light, airy footsteps glide,
And a maiden fair, with flaxen hair,
Kinesis by. the old man's side
An old oak wrecked by the angry storm,
While the ivy eligs to its trembling form.
14eation of'Crops Essential to
Keep up Fertility of Soils.
The necessary steps toward an
improved husbandry are: 1. To
cultivate less land. 2. To make
that which is cultivated rich in
plant food, so that it may produce
large crops. 2. The practice of a
rigid system of rotation of crops,
and mixed farming. 4. The culti
vation of the grasses and less of
hoed crops and feeding upon the
farm the most of its products. 5.
Enriching the land by turning oin
der green erops. All observation
and experience go to show that
*those sections of the oouatry are
most prosperous where~ a mixed&sys
temn of farming prevails.. The
farmer who Ands.t his owa~garners
that whiqh is n.eeded to sapply his
daily wants, is far removed from
the 'eexation and losses attendant
upoa outside purchases, which so
severely tax his means. It is not
unfrequently the case, when he
produces but a single article for
the market, that it commands a
*price which but poorly compen
sates him for his labor, while he
has to pay exorbitant prices for
that which he is compelled to pur
chase. This is "selling the hide
for a penny, and buying back the
tail for a shilling," which surely is
not a profitable transaction,. Mixed
agriculture necessarily leads to a
system of rotation of orops which is
the key to successfuil farming. That
there is a vasb recuperative power
in lands where a succession of dif
ferent crops is grown no one can
deny in the light of universal ex
perience. Thousands of those who
have hitherto devoted themselves
to a single production-cotton,
tobacco or grain-now acknow
ledge this error.
Successive crops of the same
character exhaust lands of the par
ticular food they require, with
great rapidity. The aid which
nature so freely renders, where
crops rotate, is withheld in such a
system of cultivation, because the
farmer is violating her l,aws., To
fight against gam is to war at
fearfu.1 odds, and it is not difficult
to forecast the result, To work in
armony with her, insures a com
paratively easy victory. One of
the most beautiful of'her provisions
is, that while one crop exhausts the
soil of that element which enters
most largely into its rcomnposition,
advantage if we expect her aid.
As an illustration of this principle,
we know that clover does not suc
cessfully follow itself, although it
leaves the ground in the best pos
sible condition for corn or wheat.
One crop, therefore, restores, in a
measure, what another has taken.
By raising continuously the same
plit, you interfere with this beau
tiful contrivance of nature to re
build her wasted strength.
Nature, therefore, will do much
of our work for us if we only second
her efforts, and give full scope t.
her beneficeut laws. It is, there
fore, a question far the farmer to
determine whether he will by a
rotation of crops, have soil thus
enriched by drafts on nature's
treasury, or draw entirely upon
his own. I do not mean to argue
that there is nothing for the farm
er to do to make his lands produc
tive. Far from it. But I do argue
that he may make ;nature a co
worker with him in attaining a de
sirable end. - Change is a promi
nent feature in nature's economy.
Gut down the forest of hard wood
and the pines succeed. Again, re
move the pine and the hard wood
reappears. One kind of grass suc
ceeds another, and nature supplies
the seed. These changes give the
soil rest, to the end that the pro
cess of re-invigoration may go on.
Day and night succeed each other,
and each performs 1l its function in
promoting vegetable life. Eternal
sunshine ~would result in eternal
blight. The falling dew brings
with it the nitrogen from the air
to gladden"vegetation. The sun
appears. ;Its light and heat liber
ate the acids and gases which en
ter upon their work of usefulness
in preparing a variety oi vegetable
food. Winter and summer follow
each other. Frost disintegrates
and renders the earth porous, open
ing the way for the heat and mois
ture. of summer, so that chemical
laws may work out thgir beautiful
results. Thus unceasingly year
after year, the silent agencies are
at work preparing the earth for
man's use, that it may bring forth
abundantly of everything which is
necessary for his support.-Judge
William Fullerton in New York
WARTs ON ANimALs.-Inq~uiries
are made for a "cure for warts" of
different kinds on horses, mules
and cattle. Many remedies are
prescribed-many barbarous and
cruel to the animal. I will give
you a remedy often tried and never
known to fail. Annoint the wart
three times with clean fresh hog's
lard, about two days between times.
I have had warts on my horses
bleeding warts of large size, rat
tling warts and seed warts, to the
number of more than one hundred
on one horse's head. I have never
been able to find the warts for the
third application of the lard. Al]
disappear after the second applica
tion. I have sent-this prescription
to several agricultural papers, hop
ing it would be of some use to farm
ers. But they all seem slow to be
lee; perhaps because the remedy
is at hand and costs nothing. It
ought to be at the head of the vet
erinary column of every agricul
tural paper. I own I was slow to
believe myself, but having a fine
young mare with large bleeding
warts, that covered parts of the
bridle and girths with blood when
ever used, I thought there would
be no harm in trying lar d on them.
When the mare was got up for the
third application there were no
warts, and the scars are there
now, after more than fifteen years,
with very little change.-German
PLAIN RICE PUDDIN.-Thre
eggs, one quart of milk, a little
salt, a wineglass of rice, two table
spoonsfuls of sugar, one of butter,
half a nutmeg. Beat three eggs
light and stir them into .. quart of
mik, with a little salt and a wine
glass of rice well washed; put to
it two tablespoonfuls of sugar, half
a nutmeg, grated, and .a tablespoon
ful of butter. Bake one hour in
a quick oven.
APPLE BUTTER PUDDING.-One
pint of milk, three eggs, two cups
of flour, two cups of apples, cut
small. Bake one hour and eat with
A bit of isin~lass ~.issolved in
IN 25CTS. AND $1 BOTTLES.
Its properties are Demulcent, Nutri
tive Bilamic, Soot,aing and Healing.
Combining all these qualities, it is the
moat effective LUNG BALSAM ever
offered to sufferers m pulmonary
DR. J. F. HAYWOOD,
of New York, voluntarily indorses it.
* -READ WHAT HE SAYS:
Dr. TUTT : Now York, Sept.,19,1877.
Dear Sir-During this year I viiited nine hundred
cases of lung d.seasea. In the lower wards of the
city the cases were of a very severe type. It was
there my Lttent ion WaIs called to Tutt's Expectorant,
and I confess my surprise at its wondertul power.
During a .practice of twenty years. I have never
known a medicine to act as promptly and with suoh
happy effects. It instantly subdued t hs most violent
fits of coughing and invariably cure,1 the disease in
a few days. I cheerfully indorse it as the best lung
medie I ever NCIS HAYWOOD, M. D.
A NEWSPAPER PUB. WRITES.
Office Evening News. Augusts, Ga.
Dr. TUTT: Dear ir-My little son, was attacked
with pneumonia last winter, which left him with a
violent cough, that lasted till within a month since,
for the cure of which I am indebted toyour valuable
Expectorant. I had tried most ever ting recoin.
mended, but none did any good until used your Ex.
t one bottle of which removed the cough
irely. Jih n t O M WEfGLE.
Had terrible NICHT SWEATS.
Dr. TUTT: Sir-I have been suffering for nearltwo
years with a severe cough. 'When I commenced ta.
king your Expectorant I was reduced to one hundred
and sixteen pounids in weight. I had tried almost
everything ;ad terrible night sweats. I have taken
half dozen bottles. The night sweats have left me,
the cough has disappeared, and I have gained fifteen
pounds i flesh. Irecmmnend itIhaval myfriends.
With great respect, OLIVER RICE.
Reader, have you caught a cold? Are you un
able to raise the phlegm? Have you an irrita
tion in the throat? A sense of oppression on
the lungs, with short breath ? Do you have a
fit of coughing on lying down ? A sharp pain
now and then in the region of the heart, shoul
ders and back? if so, our Advice is take at
once a dose of Tutt's Expectorant; you will eoon
be able to raise the phlegm. In an hour repeat
the etorant, place a hot iron to the feet,take
two of Tatt's Pills. You will soon fall into a
pleasant sleep and wake up in the morning,
cough gone, lungs working freely; easy breath
ing, and the bowels moving in a naturalimanner.
To prevent a return of these symptoms use the
R|pectorant several days.
Offioe, 35 Murray Street, N. Y.
CUETORPiD LIVER. 4
CURE FEVER AND AGUE.
CURE IL HEADACE.
G&YHaIR OnWsmaxx cl an to a GLoss
parta N atura Color, acts Instantaneously, and is
as Harmless ad spring water. sold by Druggists, or
sent by express on receipt of $1.
Offioe, 35 Murray St., New York.
For Diseases of' the
Throat and Lungs,
such as Coughs,
Asthma, and Con
The reputation it has attained, in
consequence of the marvellous cures it
has produced during the last half cen
tury, is a suflicient assurance to the
public that it will continue to realize
the happiest results that can be desired.
In almost every section of country
there are persons, publicly known, who
have been restored from alarming and
even desperate diseases of the lungs,
by its use. All who have tried it ac
knowledge its superiority; and where
its virtues are known, no one hesitates
as to what medicine to employ to re
lieve the distress and suffering peculiar
to pulmonary affections. CHERRY PEC
-ORAL always affords instant relief, and
performs rapid cures of the milder va
rities of bronchial disorder, as well as
the more formidable diseases of the
As a safeguard to children, amid
the distressing diseases which b)eset
the Throat and Chest of Childhood, it
is invaluable; for, by its timlely use,
multitudes are rescued and restored to
This medicine gains friends at
every trial, as the cures it is constantly
producing are too remarkable to be
forgotten. No family should be with
out it, and those who have once used
it never will.
Eminent Physicians throughout the
country prescribe it, and Clergymlen
often recommend it from their knowl
edge of its effects.
Dr. i. C, AYER & CO., Lowell, Mass.,
Practical and Analytical Chemists.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS EVERYWBERE.
p reo tak
'DON'T FORGET IT!7
McS~ith Music ~OUS6Sii
GRIEENVILLE, S. C.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Are No SMALL srn;-.AG.Nci, N
BUT REAL WHOLESALE DEPOTS,
W Fm:r from 10 ; :. i'i.ims and Organs I
by the dozen. Thes ar- iranches of Lud
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AND SELL AT FACTORY PRICES,
MASON & iHAMLIN, PELOUBET & PEL- b
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.IUST THINK ! a P'eloubet & Peiton, 8
style 8, for 75 ; style 5, for A60 ; style 2, p
for o50. STOOL and BOOK INCLUDED,
ALSO HALF FRrIGHT
Chicketing, Knabe, Weber, Mathushek, 'n
Guild & Church, Iallet & Davis Pianos,
ALWAYS SOMETHING NEW AND t
EVERYTHING IN THE MUSIC LINE.
NO COMMISSION BUSINESS ABOUT THIS, t
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Write to us for Illustrated Catalogue e
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CREENVILLE, S. C. I
Dec. 3, 49-3m.
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'HE SUN FOR 1880.
THE Srt will deal with the events of the
-ar 1'0 in its own tashion. n1w pretty well
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at4"-t interest to the greate-t nounber
::t is. the law controlling its daily make
p. It now has a circulation very much
u:ler thin that of any other American
ewspaper, and enjoys an income which it
at all times prepared to spend1i liberally
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V :nd read TilE SUN : and I hey all derive
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)r they keep on buying and reading it.
In its comments on men anti affairs, THE
rN believes that the only guile of policy
oill be coulnon sense, inspirei by gen
i111 Anerican principles ani baked by
onesty of purpose. For this reason it is,
ui wiil continue to be. absolutely ide
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r interest. It is for all. hut of none. Itw ill
rmttintte to praise whats is good and repro
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UN will be conducted during the year to
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ife, and in great things a steadfast purpose
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ntertaining history ot 1880.
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Nov. 19, 47--Ot.
.880 FOR 1880
A MAMMOTH NEWSPAPER
ITll T H E FIlRST ISSUE IN .JANU ARY. 19St0
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CAN, Nlessrs. Munn & Co. are solicitors of
American and Foreign Patents, have had 35
years experience, andl now have the largest
establishment in tihe world. Patents are
obtained On tile Best terms. A special no
tice is made in the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN of
all inventions patentedl through tils A gency,
with the name and residence of the Patent
ee. By the immense circulation thus given
public attention is directed to the merits of
the new patent, and sales or introduction
often easily effected.
Any person who hlas made a~ new discovery
or invention, can ascertain, free of charge,
whether a patent can probably be obtained,
by writing to MUTNN & CO. We also
snd free onr Hrand Book about the Patent
Laws, Patent Caveats, Trade Marks, their
costs, and how procuredl, with hlints for
o )rocuring adI vances on inuventions Ad
dress for the P'aper, or concerning Patents.
MUNN & C0., 37 Park Row, New York.
Branch Office, Cor. P & 7th sts., Washington,.
D. C. Nov. 5. 45-1f.
Preserve Your Old Books !
E. R. STOKES,
Blank Book Manufacturer
1as moved opposite the~ City Hail, where
he is fully prepared, widh first-class work
nen, to do ali kids of' work in fis line.
BLANK BOOES RULED to any pattern
and bound in any style desired.
Myv facilities a&nd long acquamftenc with
the busincas enable me to' guaatee sutistac
tioni on orders for B:mk Books, Railroad
B'ks, and Books for the2 use of Clerks of
Court, Sheriffs, Probate .Jud(geS. Masters in
4uity. and other County Officials.
Pwphlets, Magazines. Music, Newspapers
mid Periodicals, and all kinds of publications
ound on the most reasonable terms and in
~h best manner.
Au nrer prmntly attended to.
Marness and Saddles.
F. N. PARKER,G
SUCCESSOR TO WEBB. JONES & PARKER,
(Between Pool's 11utel and4 thet Post Office,)
Ia:ing hougt the E N T1 I R S T O C K
of the ltartiess atid Saddle Maz uiac'orv of A
Messrs. We1bb, Jones .l Parker, I am pre
pared to do all kinds of work in r hi. +ue. L
Also will keep on hand for sale, 11 A IN ESS,
SADIILES, &e., IIARNESS LEAiIER,
SOLE LEATi:Ell, UPPEit lE1 IIER. &e.,
of the best and cheapet" RE:'AIRING A
and all work done to nrdei
At Cash Prices and at Shortest'
Apr. 15, 15-t.
SPOOL COTTON. L
CEORCE A. CLARK,
400 BROAD A1, NEW YORK.
The distinctive features of this spool cot- y
ton are that it is maide from the very fincst 1
SEA ISLAND COTTON. .
It is finished soft as the cotton from which
it is made; it has no waxing or artificial fin
ish to deceive the eyes; it is the strongest.
smoothest and most elastic sewing thread
in the market: for machine sewing it has I
no equal; it is wound on
The Black is the most perfect
JE T BLICK
ever produced in spool cotton, being dyed
by a system patented by ourselves. The
colors are dyed by the
NEW ANILINE PROCESS
rendering them so perfect and brilliant that
dressmakers everywhere use them inlsteadI
of sewing silks.
A Gold Medal was awarded this spool cot
tou at Paris, 1878. for "great st rength" and
"general excellence" being the highest
award given for spool cotton.
We invite comparison and respectinlly
ask ladies to give it a fair trial and convince
themselves ot'its superiority over all others.]
To be had at wholesale and retail at
J. D. CASH'S.
July il:, 29-Gm.
PROVERBS. PROVERBS. t
"For sinking spels, "$500 will be paid t
fits, dizzmness, taofa- f for a case that Hop]
tion and low spiits, :Bitters will not cure
rely on ' .3itters." or help."
"Read of, pocure "Hlop Bitters builds
and use Hof itters, 'up, strengthens and t
and you will cstrong .c u r e s continually
healthy and happy." from the first dose."
"Ladles, do you ;"KIdney and ~UrI
want to be strong. nary complaints of all
healthy and beautiful? -k in ds permanentlr
Then use Hop Bitters. cured by Hop Bitters. '
"The greatest ap- o OG rxi
Zetir to ma ch, tesets,sfs
lodadliver rega- adetAkhlrn
lator-Hop BItters." fo
*Clervmn, Law.- tmc,L;e n
yers,Lditors, Bank- t i tes s
ers and Ladies need
Hop Bitters daily." Dugss
"Ho Bitters has re-anIrestbece
storcd to sobrIety and fod rneness
health. perfect wrecksofOimtbacad
fro itepeane, and nacist.hlrn
"Soustoach, s to ach, abover sodb
headche nd dzzi.druggists.HoBitr
nes,Ho Bter cre anufactuitabl core,
wit a ew ose." foctrnes, use
fois tnemprd amiye.d orq
disesesof te Lver Sopm, acco and~
and Bwels.-Itni Parcotics
"Sogretoablc Ic neve abv godb
Oheaac and .zi duss.HpBitr
Tonnc fo iclr
and Boels.-I isPurely
Veeale-I nee & Live
Tonic. "ree i 1 ,~s' ~
IT SE DF CSt .~
S,TWaF 68m.,56 iS~
00 L .a s 0iA \\0. I ::
I 81tl \Ot ex gieth
oFL Thi Li 40))01UIt v er
roti ng ~ u L!v as been y use d sh
roomtO xpl in myi'.~t racticvoe al rd
buinss ad and greath pa bic, evr
hort f o ork methn TII: ye:rs,mc
prtiilr.wih uwpecmal es Ouis.t
vo avesc arr .h.nc.e. Addes -I:.rHA
A1 TTr. 10 rlan1. Mie .-y
A AEE InroT w and no
captarie. enrgu i can vastes
husines t tria wiaheene'tr
von can do at e buis w~e o)uxfer. oh
free. Don't complain at har I times while
you have such a chance. Address H. H AL
'LETT & CO., Portland. 31aine. 2~1--17.
A LISIITED NDIBER of
active. energetie canvass
ers to engage in a pleasant
.mi nmdoble businen .
reenville & Columbia Railroad.
On and after Monday. November 3. 1S79. the
uscenger Trains will run as follows daily, Sun
eave Columbia, - - a -- 12.0) in
SA -ton. - - - - 1.34 p in
Newberry. - - - - 2.34 p in
5 10 p in
" Beltin, - - - 6.33 p n
.rrive Greeuville. - - - - 142 p m
eave Greenville. - - - 8.05 a m
lielton. - .. - 9.15 a in
Hodges, - - 10 38 a m
Newberry, - - - 1.11 p in
A':.ton. - - 2.27 p m
.rrive Columbia, - - - 3.4d Rm
.NDEIl. N 1BRANCI AND BLUE LIDGE
Daily. except Sundays.
eave Belton at. 6,40 p m
A Anderson 7.2 p in
Pendleton 8.12 p m
Pe:ry.ville 8.47 p mi
.rrive at W1aiballa 9 27 P in
eave Walhalla at, - - 6.00 a m
Perryville, - - 6 40 a in
Pendleton. - - 7.2o a m
Anderson, - - 8.10 a in
.rrive at Belton. - - 8.47 a m
Laurens Railroad Train leaves Laurens at 7.00
in. and Newberry at 4.00 p. m.. daily except
Abbeville Branch Train connects at Hodge's
"ith down and up train daily, Sundays ex
,pted. Leave Abbeville 9.20 a. in.; leave Hod
. ' and down Trains on the main stem make
losc. connection at Columbia with the up and
own lay Passenger Trains on the South Caro
na h 'ilroad and with the through Freight
rains, with Passenger Car attached, on the
Vilming on, Columbia and Augusta Railroad,
ud at A aton with the trains of the Spartan
urg. UniL and Columbia Railroad for Union,
partanbur.. Ilendersouville, Asheville, &c.,
R. H. TEMPLE, Gen'l Supt.
.1. P. M..RED:V1, Master Transportation.
JABsz NoTo . General Ticket Agent.
outh Carolina Railroad Company.
CIIANGE OF SCHEDULE.
On and after Sunday, Nov. 2d. 1879, Pas
enger Trains on this road will run as fol
.eave Columbia. .5.30 a in 4.15 p in 9.30 p in
trrive Camden.. 1.20 p in 8.t5 p in.
rrive Charleston4.00 p in 9.30 p m 7.2-2 a in
rrive Augusta...3.40 p in 9.20 a in
eave Charleston.7.00 a in 1.0(0 a in S.40 p m
.eave Augusta.... 7.50 a in
4eave Camden....7.00 a in
Lrrive Coluibia.11.50 a in 5.35 p m 6.50 a in
The Night Express leaving Columbia at
.30 P. M. and Charleston atS.40 P. M., will
un daily; all other trains will run daily,ex
:ept Sundays. Sleeping cars on all night
rains -berths only $1.50.
A. B. DESAUSSURE,
Agent S. C. Railroad, Columbia.
.JOIIN B. PECK,
D. C. ALLEN, Genl. Pas. and Ticket Agt,
areenville & Columbia R. R.
On and afte:r September 1st the following
ickets will be' on sale at all the Ticket Sta
ins on the Gireenville and Golumbia Rail
l,000 MILE TIC'KETS, at Three Cents
>r mtile, good over the G. & C. R. R., and
ROUND TRIP TICKETS from any Sta
ion on: the G. & C. R. R. and its branches
o any Station on the same, good for Three
)ays, at Three Cents per mile.
ROUND TRIP TICKETS from all Sta
ions on the G. & C. R. R. and its branches
o Charleston, good for Eight Days, at
chree Gents per mile.
JABEZ NORTON, Ja.,
General Ticket Agent.
R. II. TEM.PLE, General Superintendent.
Sep. 3, 36i-tf.
9rugs # Faucy e/Jrticles.
DR. E. E. JACKSON,
RI1GGIST AN tllMIST,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Removed to store two doors next to
A full stock of Pure Medicines, Chemni
als, Pe.rfumecries, Toilet Articles, Garden
~nd Field Seeds, always in store and at
Orders promptly attended to.
A pr. 11, 15-tf.
I-. w wp c
en a:-. :_-3.
Is a perfect BLOOD PUnmrr, and is the
nly purely VEGETABLE remedy known to scd
nee, that has made radical and PERMANENT
~cpR of SYPHILIs and SCBoPULA In all their
ystem; it relieves the agonies of' mercurial
heumatismn, and speedily cnZes all skin dis
For sale by Dr. S. F. FANT. Also,
uith's Wormt Oil. A pr. 16i, i6-1y.
TOll 1 $I.00 A Y EA R, or $5 to $i0 a
iount stated above. No one can fail to
ake monney tast. A-y one can do the
ork. You can make tre 5t1 ets. to $2 an
)mrI by devot ing your e. aings andi spare
rne to thme businoss. It costs nothing to
. the busineSS. Nothing like it for money
:ki ng ever oiered before. Buinesl~s pleas
it an.: strictly honorable. Rteader, if you
Lt to k'now ail about th. best p)aying
isiness before the public, send us your ad
-es and we will send you full particulars
id private terms free; samnples worth $5
so ree; you cma then make up y-our mind
r yourself. Address GEORGE STINSON
CO.. Portland, Maine. 25-ly
2or the Fastest Selling Book of the Age:
Thm HAONREHOLD AND A